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Adamus-Bialek Wioletta - - 2013
Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis are important urinary tract pathogens. The constant increase in the antibiotic resistance of clinical bacterial strains has become an important clinical problem. The aim of this study was to compare the antibiotic resistance of 141 clinical (Sweden and Poland) and 42 laboratory (Czech Republic) P. ...
- - 2013
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 2.5% of fatal motor vehicle crashes (approximately 730 in 2009) and 2.0% of all crashes with nonfatal injuries (approximately 30,000 in 2009) involve drowsy driving. However, although data collection methods make it challenging to estimate the number of crashes that involve ...
Calvente A - - 2013
The cohesin complex plays a key role for the maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion and faithful chromosome segregation in both mitosis and meiosis. This complex is formed by two structural maintenance of chromosomes protein family (SMC) subunits and two non-SMC subunits: an α-kleisin subunit SCC1/RAD21/REC8 and an SCC3-like protein. Several ...
- - 2013
On September 27, 2012, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) alerted health-care providers and the public about 12 cases of invasive serogroup C Neisseria meningitidis disease (SCMD) occurring in NYC since August 2010 among men who have sex with men (MSM). Cases were identified ...
- - 2013
Screening women for cervical cancer can save lives. However, among young women, cervical cancer is relatively rare, and too-frequent screening can lead to high costs and adverse events associated with overtreatment. Before 2012, cervical cancer screening guidelines of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), American Cancer Society (ACS), ...
Gu Ping - - 2013
There is a close anatomical and functional relationship between adipose tissue and blood vessels. The crosstalk between these two organs is vital to both metabolic and vascular homeostasis. On the one hand, adipose tissue is highly vascularized, and maintenance of ample supply of blood flow is essential for both expansion ...
Robles P - - 2013
Studies performed on human trisomic 21 oocytes have revealed that during meiosis, the three homologues 21 synapse and, in some cases, achieve what looks like a trivalent. This implies that meiotic recombination takes place among the three homologous chromosomes 21, and to some extent, crossovers form between them. To see ...
Kim Pitna - - 2013
Prenatal exposure to alcohol has consistently been associated with adverse effects on neurodevelopment, which is collectively called fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Increasing evidence suggest that prenatal exposure to alcohol increases the risk of developing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder-like behavior in human. In this study, we investigated the behavioral effects of ...
Marais Ben J - - 2013
To the Editor: In their historical overview of global efforts to control tuberculosis, Keshavjee and Farmer (Sept. 6 issue)(1) argue that the prioritization of global health funding based on measurable outcomes and high-return investments contributed to the fragmentation of primary health care. We agree but acknowledge that it can be ...
Nason Gregory J - - 2013
Abstract Objective.Acute scrotal pain is a common presentation to the paediatric emergency department. Testicular torsion is one of the most common causes of acute scrotal pain. Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency requiring immediate surgical exploration to prevent permanent testicular damage or loss. The aim of this study was to ...
Chen Zhangbao - - 2013
This study investigated effects of wet and dry seasons on the bacterial community structure of the Three Gorges Reservoir by using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of the PCR-amplified bacterial 16S rRNA gene. Bacterial diversity, as determined by the Shannon index, the Simpson's index, and the Richness, dramatically changed in ...
Bornemann Kathrin - - 2013
Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), vectored by Polymyxa betae, causes rhizomania in sugar beet. For disease control, the cultivation of hybrids carrying Rz1 resistance is crucial, but is compromised by resistance-breaking (RB) strains with specific mutations in the P25 protein at amino acids 67-70 (tetrad). To obtain evidence for ...
Gupte Manisha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cardiac dysfunction is a well-known complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Our objective was to determine the frequency of troponin abnormalities in SAH and determine its impact on in-hospital mortality. METHODS: With IRB approval, we retrospectively reviewed 225 consecutive SAH patients admitted to our institution from August 1, 2006 to ...
Björkman Ingeborg - - 2013
Objectives. To improve education and information for general practitioners in relation to rational antibiotic prescribing for urinary tract infection (UTI), it is important to be aware of GPs' views of resistance and how it influences their choice of UTI treatment. The aim of this study was to explore variations in ...
Ma Lan - - 2013
Here, a double-strand (ds) DNA microarray-based fluorescence assay has been deployed for studying endonuclease functionality and inhibition. The dsDNA microarrays are fabricated by hybridization of the Cy5-labeled oligonucleotides with the immobilized complementary oligonucleotide probes on the glass slide. The microarray displays significant fluorescence decrease in response to endonuclease, which is ...
Ording Muller Lil-Sofie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bony depressions at the wrist resembling erosions are frequently seen on MRI in healthy children. The accuracy of MRI in detecting early bony destruction is therefore questionable. We compared findings on MRI of the wrist in healthy children and those with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to investigate markers for ...
Bolland Mark J - - 2013
To the Editor: Thigpen et al. (Aug. 2 issue)(1) report that persons who are seronegative for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and who are receiving tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) for preexposure prophylaxis had decreased bone mineral density at 24 months, as compared with those receiving placebo. In HIV-infected ...
Terzi Fabio - - 2013
A gold electrode partially coated by graphene multilayer is developed and tested with respect to high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. The effective use of conventional electrode materials for the determination of such an analyte by anodic oxidation or cathodic reduction is prevented by the occurrence of adsorptions fouling the electrode ...
Hurol Yonca - - 2013
The most common tectonic quality of modern structures, such as frame systems, is their flexibility; they are open for change. Although this characteristic is a big advantage in comparison to the inflexible masonry structures of the past, it might also create some serious problems, such as e.g. the lack of ...
Osako Tomo - - 2013
By definition, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)-preinvasive breast cancer-does not metastasise to the lymph nodes. However, since the introduction of molecular whole-node analysis using the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay for sentinel node (SN) biopsies, the number of patients with DCIS and SN metastasis has increased. The pathogenesis and ...
Rekhraj Sushma - - 2013
To the Editor: In the study by Thiele et al. (Oct. 4 issue)(1) on the use of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in patients with cardiogenic shock caused by acute myocardial infarction, the authors' conclusion that IABP did not significantly reduce 30-day mortality has to be taken with caution. In one ...
Turkington Jennifer R - - 2013
Interactions, particularly hydrogen bonds, between ligands in the outer coordination spheres of metal complexes have a major effect on their stabilities in the hydrocarbon solvents used in commercial solvent extraction and it is now possible to use these interactions to tune the strength and selectivity of extractants.
Yamamoto Soichiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of using gelatin-microbial transglutaminase (gelatin-mTG) complex for treating experimental retinal detachment. METHODS: Vitrectomy with artificial posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) followed by induction of a retinal tear and detachment was performed in rabbit eyes. Gelatin-mTG complex or gelatin alone (control) was placed on the retinal tears. ...
Kleber Franz X - - 2013
To the Editor: In the study by Thiele et al. (Oct. 4 issue)(1) on the use of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in patients with cardiogenic shock caused by acute myocardial infarction, the authors' conclusion that IABP did not significantly reduce 30-day mortality has to be taken with caution. In one ...
Roggenkamp Dennis - - 2013
Atopic eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by cutaneous nerve fiber sprouting and epidermal hyperplasia, pointing to an involvement of the peripheral nervous system in cutaneous homeostasis. However, the interaction of sensory neurons and skin cells is poorly understood. Using an innervated skin model, we investigated the influence ...
Lee Taik Jong - - 2013
Among the many factors that affect the degree of completion and satisfaction of breast reconstruction, the scarring is one issue that a surgeon cannot completely control. We hypothesized that the administration of cytotoxic drugs following the immediate breast reconstruction using transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap might affect the process ...
Drake Emily - - 2013
The fear and stigma associated with postpartum depression (PPD) is a major challenge in the treatment of this disease. Our goal is to develop innovative methods of screening women for the symptoms of PPD to facilitate referral and treatment. This study explores the efficacy of the Internet in reaching out ...
Aboukhalid Rachid - - 2013
In an effort to facilitate forensic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing in Morocco, high-quality control region sequences from 509 individuals were generated using a comprehensive processing and data review system. This large dataset of random samples from various Moroccan population groups (Arab speaking, Berber speaking, and Sahrawi speaking) exhibited a low ...
Zou Yubao - - 2013
Genotype-phenotype correlation of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been challenging because of the genetic and clinical heterogeneity. To determine the mutation profile of Chinese patients with HCM and to correlate genotypes with phenotypes, we performed a systematic mutation screening of the eight most commonly mutated genes encoding sarcomere proteins in 200 ...
Woods Patricia - - 2013
AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and management of outborn babies with a post-natally confirmed diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries (TGA) requiring transport by the Newborn and Paediatric Emergency Transport Service (NETS), New South Wales during the epoch 1991-2010. METHOD: A retrospective audit ...
Jang Dae-Hyun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is generally used to assess dysphagia and aspiration, although false-negative results may be obtained. Saliva aspiration may cause false-negative VFSS findings in elderly people. A radionuclide salivagram can be useful in detecting saliva aspiration. We therefore compared these two methods for the evaluation of ...
Ni Yong - - 2013
BODIPY derivatives with one or two benzene units fused at different positions are prepared using novel synthetic methods. The resulting dye shows deep red fluorescence with a large Stokes shift. Dyes and are reported for the first time and exhibits near infrared absorption. The impact of benzannulation at different positions ...
Roy Anirban - - 2013
Abstract Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high production volume endocrine disrupting chemical that is widely used in many consumer products and prevalent in human biological fluids. Recent studies suggest that BPA is active even at low levels, raising concern about its potential harm to human health. Given that the main ...
Chen Jia-Qi - - 2013
Psoriasis, a common inflammatory skin disease, is characterized by epidermal hyperplasia, abnormal differentiation, angiogenesis, immune activation, and inflammation. Involucrin is an early terminal differentiation marker of epidermal keratinocytes. In this study, we determined the immunolocalization of involucrin in psoriatic lesions and normal skin of individuals without psoriasis by means of ...
Zheng Feng - - 2013
Abnormal hypermethylation of CpG islands not only associated with tumor suppressor genes can lead to repression of gene expression, but also contribute to escape of the tumor from immune surveillance and contribute significantly to tumorigenesis. In the present study, we studied the hypermethylation of low molecular-weight protein (LMP) gene and ...
Bigoni Lucie - - 2013
The socioeconomic structure of an early medieval society from the MikulĨice settlement (Czech Republic) was studied on the basis of an evaluation of the fluctuating and directional asymmetry (DA) of skulls. Two distinct inhabited regions, castle and sub-castle, were compared. Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) was used as a bioindicator of environmental ...
Chen Tzu-Tso - - 2013
A V(III) thiolate complex activated C-Cl bond in dichloromethane via S-based nucleophilic attack. The reaction products, a V(III)-Cl species (major one) and a V(IV) binding to a CH(2) containing ligand (minor one) were obtained. The work demonstrates sulfur donors in the early-transition metal thiolates having strong nucleophilic characteristics.
Ripa Rasmus S - - 2013
Background. Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been investigated in trials aiming to promote recovery of myocardial function after myocardial infarction. Long-term safety-data have never been reported. A few studies indicated an increased risk of in-stent re-stenosis. We aimed to investigate clinical events 5 years after inclusion into a randomized trial of ...
Kano Taichi - - 2013
A one-pot cross double-Mannich reaction of acetaldehyde was developed, and densely functionalized 1,3-diamines were obtained as a single stereoisomer by use of axially chiral amino sulfonamide (S)- as catalyst. Using this catalyst, the one-pot Mannich reaction-aminoxylation was also realized.
Al Mutairi Muna - - 2013
Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder with multisystem abnormalities including the vascular system. We report a child with autosomal recessive (AR)-HIES secondary to dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency who developed critical aortic aneurysm involving the ascending aorta and aortic arch with narrowing of descending aorta that was successfully ...
Alvarez Viveros María Fernanda - - 2013
The glyoxalase system plays an important role in various physiological processes in plants, including salt stress tolerance. We report the effects of overexpressing glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II genes in transgenic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) cv. Ailsa Craig. Stable expression of both transgenes was detected in the transformed tomato plants ...
Verreydt G - - 2013
This study comprises the first application of the Passive Flux Meter (PFM) for the measurement of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon (CAH) mass fluxes and Darcy water fluxes in groundwater at a European field site. The PFM was originally developed and applied to measurements near source zones. The focus of the PFM ...
Tang H H Department of Surgery and Immunology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2013
Despite significant strides made in the clinical translation of adoptive immune cell therapies, it is apparent that many tumors incorporate strategies to avoid recognition by receptors expressed on the immune cells, such as NKG2D. Strategies that stabilize the expression of ligands for these receptors may enhance the therapeutic potential of ...
Yin Lina - - 2013
The application of aromatase inhibitors to postmenopausal breast cancer patients increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which is believed to be caused by the abnormally high concentrations of aldosterone as a consequence of the estrogen deficiency. Dual inhibitors of aromatase (CYP19) and aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) are therefore proposed as ...
Wang Ya - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play important roles in hematopoiesis, such as megakaryocytopoiesis. Although immature megakaryocytes in bone marrow are one of the most typical characteristics of immune thrombocytopenia(ITP) which is often preceded by viral infection, there have been so far no report on the relationship between viral ...
Hall Kara L - - 2013
Pneumatic muscle actuators (PMAs) have a high power to weight ratio and possess unique characteristics which make them ideal actuators for applications involving human interaction. PMAs are difficult to control due to nonlinear dynamics, presenting challenges in system implementation. Despite these challenges, PMAs have great potential as a source of ...
Zhou Yu-Hao - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Fibrates has been extensively used to improve plasma lipid levels and prevent adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, the effect of fibrates on stroke is unclear at the present time. We therefore carried out a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of fibrates on stroke. METHODS: We ...
Gragnoli Claudia - - 2013
ABSTRACT: AIMS: Obesity and obesity-associated phenotypes are linked to the chromosome12q24 locus, the non-insulin-dependent-diabetes 2 (NIDDM2) locus. The gene of proteasome modulator 9 (PSMD9) lies in the NIDDM2 region and is linked to type 2 diabetes (T2D) and microvascular and macrovascular complications of T2D.We aimed at studying whether the PSMD9 ...
Latif Robabeh - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the capability of earthworms from the same ecological group as heavy metal bioindicators. Three earthworm species from the endogeic group were studied: Aporrectodea caliginosa (Savigny, 1826), Perelia kaznakovi (Michaelsen, 1910) and Octolasion lacteum (Örley, 1885). Their accumulation of the heavy metals lead ...
Moore Jennifer - - 2013
This article evaluates New Zealand's Medicines Amendment Bill 2011. This Bill is currently before Parliament and will amend the Medicines Act 1981. On June 20, 2011, the Australian and New Zealand governments announced their decision to proceed with a joint scheme for the regulation of therapeutic products such as medicines, ...
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