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Kouatli Yasser - - 2013
This case report illustrates the challenges in managing patients with centrifugal ventricular assist devices (VADs). As these devices have evolved, their physical properties have changed, impacting patient management. Levitated centrifugal pumps have a non-linear response to afterloads. The device output will decrease significantly in the presence of high systemic vascular ...
Azarfarin Rasoul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a controversy over using either smaller- or larger-size endotracheal tubes (ETT) in children undergoing cardiac surgery, and some anesthesiologists prefer to use ETT sizes different from the formula-based sizes. The aim of the present study was to compare proper-size cuffed ETT in children undergoing cardiac vs noncardiac ...
Detti Laura - - 2013
Disruption in the normal timing of female puberty, such as in pre-pubertal cancer treatments, can cause abnormal somatic development. We sought to evaluate the impact of cyclophosphamide (CTX) on the somatic, uterine, and ovarian, development of pre-pubertal mice. Pre-pubertal (day 18 of life) C57BL/6J female mice were randomized to receive ...
Dean Rebecca K - - 2013
Lithium compounds of tetradentate amino-bis(phenolato)-tetrahydrofuranyl ligands, Li(2)[] () and Li(2)[] () (where [] = 2-tetrahydrofuranyl-N,N-bis(2-methylene-4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenolate), and [] = 2-tetrahydrofuranyl-N,N-bis(2-methylene-4,6-tert-butylphenolate)) were characterized by multinuclear solution NMR and solid-state (6)Li and (7)Li NMR spectroscopy. The proligands, n-propylamino-N,N-bis(2-methylene-4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol), (H(2)[]) and benzylamino-N,N-bis(2-methylene-4,6-di-tert-amylphenol), H(2)[] were reacted with n-butyllithium in THF to give the related dilithium ...
Kashiwagi Masayo - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In Japan, there is a large increase in the number of elderly persons who potentially need home-visit nursing services (VNS). However, the number of persons using the VNS has increased only little in comparison to the number of individuals who use home social services, which are also covered ...
Zhao Yuting - - 2013
A nanocomposite of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorating a magnetic Fe(3)O(4) core was synthesized using cysteamine (SH-NH(2)) as linker, and characterized by TEM, XPS, UV and electrochemistry. Then a hydrolase biosensor, based on self-assembly of methyl parathion hydrolase (MPH) on the Fe(3)O(4)@Au nanocomposite, was developed for sensitive and selective detection of ...
Quintás-Cardama Alfonso - - 2013
Abstract Two important response criteria in systemic mastocytosis (SM) are the elimination or reduction in the percentage of bone marrow mast cells (MCs), and the reduction of serum tryptase levels. We investigated the accuracy of a single time point reduction of bone marrow MCs and serum tryptase level as response ...
Beigy M - - 2013
Increased fructose consumption is linked to insulin resistance, weight gain, hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Although the advantages of several dietary restriction regimens have been demonstrated, the effects of alternate-day fasting (ADF) on fructose-induced insulin resistance have not yet been studied. This study is based on a new modification on ADF by ...
Tse Mimi My - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of an integrated motivational interviewing and physical exercise programme on pain, physical and psychological function, quality of life, self-efficacy, and compliance with exercise for community-dwelling older persons with chronic pain. BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is common among older persons. Indeed, motivation for managing pain ...
Schaier Matthias - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) were shown to be involved into the pathogenesis of acute rejection after transplantation. The suppressive activity of the total regulatory T cell pool depends on its percentage of highly suppressive HLA-DR(+) -Treg cells. Therefore, both the suppressive activity of the total Treg pool and the extent ...
Shabir Shazia - - 2013
Diagnosing new onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) has not been validated against the gold-standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). We analysed the predictive and optimum value of HbA1c to diagnose NODAT amongst nondiabetic renal transplant recipients. Assessment of glucose metabolism (OGTT and HbA1c) was prospectively undertaken ...
Nomura Tomoe - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Aberrant methylation patterns in CpG island are known to be influential in gene silencing. Histamine plays important physiological roles in the upper gastrointestinal tract and acts via the H2 receptor. We report an investigation into the effect of HRH2 promoter polymorphism (rs2607474 G > A) on the methylation ...
Shakhssalim Nasser - - 2013
Purpose: Numerous synthetic materials have been used for the bladder reconstruction; of which, nano-structured scaffolds are used as relevant implant to the bladder tissue-engineering. The aim of this study was to investigate the capacity of Poly ε-caprolactone/poly-L-lactide acid (PCL/PLLA) nanofibrous scaffold, in supporting the maintenance and attachment of the human ...
Iavarone Federica - - 2013
Analysis by HPLC-ESI-MS top-down proteomic platform of specimens of human preterm newborn whole saliva evidenced high relative amounts of cystatin B and its S-glutathionylated, S-cysteinylated and S-S 2-mer (on Cys3) derivatives, decreasing as function of post-conceptional age (PCA). The percentage of S-unmodified cystatin B was higher than the S-modified isoforms ...
Duprez Veerle - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a set of psychometrically sound instruments to assess knowledge, self-management and self-efficacy of diabetic patients. Furthermore, a survey to evaluate the satisfaction about diabetes education for patients was developed and tested. BACKGROUND: Treatment and secondary prevention of diabetes require a complex combination of care components. ...
Seo Ji-Hyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The antimicrobial resistance capability of Helicobacter pylori is one of the critical factors in the failure to treat this pathogen. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changing pattern of primary antibiotic resistance rates in children in the southern central part of South Korea from 1990-2009. METHODS: ...
Donato Maria Francesca - - 2013
Background: Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with a variety of extrahepatic disorders such as membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis, which is generally due to cryoglobulinemia. 
Setting: We describe the case of one liver transplant recipient who received antiviral therapy (subcutaneous administration of peg-IFN-alpha-2a 180 mcg weekly and oral ribavirin 200 mg thrice ...
Woodward David F - - 2013
Studies on bimatoprost were performed with two objectives: (i) to determine whether bimatoprost possesses hair growth-stimulating properties beyond eyelash hypertrichosis and (ii) to investigate the biodisposition of bimatoprost in skin for the first time. Bimatoprost, at the dose used clinically for eyelash growth (0.03%) and given once daily for 14 days, ...
Schwekendiek Daniel - - 2013
Summary Anthropometric differences between the two Koreas are of considerable public and scientific interest given the unique socio-political status of North Korea and the fact that the nations share the same genetic ancestry. This study provides new biosocial evidence on these differences by analysing mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) as a ...
Chitnis Shripad D - - 2013
Abstract 1. Disposition of tacrolimus and its major metabolites, 13-O-desmethyl tacrolimus and 15-O-desmethyl tacrolimus, was evaluated in stable kidney transplant recipients in relation to diabetes mellitus and genetic polymorphism of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A. 2. Steady-state concentration-time profiles were obtained for 12-hour or 2-hour post-dose, in 20 (11 with diabetes) ...
Davis Tonya N - - 2013
Objective: Analyse the effects of a weighted vest on the aggressive and self-injurious behavior of a young boy with autism. Methods: The effects of the weighted vest were examined during a functional analysis utilizing an ABAB design with an embedded multielement design, in which the participant wore a five pound ...
Redshaw Carl - - 2013
The structures of three novel compounds prepared from the reaction of the lower-rim 1,3-diacid calix[4]arene (LH(2)) with lithium carbonate (), t-butyl-lithium () and zinc acetate () are reported.
Kundu Mila C - - 2013
The objective of the current study was to characterize luteal function in vervet monkeys. Urine from 12 adult female vervets housed at an academic research center was collected for 10 weeks from single-caged monkeys in order to assess evidence of luteal activity (ELA) as determined by urinary excretion of pregnanediol ...
Hensel René - - 2013
Springtails (Collembola) are wingless arthropods adapted to cutaneous respiration in temporarily rain-flooded habitats. They immediately form a plastron, protecting them against suffocation upon immersion into water and even low-surface-tension liquids such as alkanes. Recent experimental studies revealed a high-pressure resistance of such plastrons against collapse. In this work, skin sections ...
Lee Se Ryeon - - 2013
Nickel(ii) complexes with varying reactive ligands, which were designed to selectively accelerate the initiation rate without influencing the propagation rate in the chain-growth polymerization of π-conjugated monomers, were investigated. Precatalysts with electronically varied reacting groups led to faster initiation rates and narrower molecular weight distributions. Computational studies revealed that the ...
Tian He - - 2013
In this paper, we employed Ramen spectroscopy to monitor oxygen movement at the electrode/oxide interface by inserting single-layer graphene (SLG). Raman area mapping and single point measurements show noticeable changes in the D-band, G-band, and 2D-band signals of the SLG during consecutive electrical programming repeated for 9 cycles. In addition, ...
Canneyt Koen Van - - 2013
Double lumen (DL) central venous catheters (CVC) often suffer from thrombosis, fibrin sheet formation, and/or suction towards the vessel wall, resulting in insufficient blood flow during hemodialysis. Reversing the catheter connection often restores blood flows, but will lead to higher recirculation. Single lumen (SL) CVCs have often fewer flow problems, ...
Ken Soléakhéna - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To integrate 3D MR spectroscopy imaging (MRSI) in the treatment planning system (TPS) for glioblastoma dose painting to guide simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). METHODS: For sixteen glioblastoma patients, we have simulated three types of dosimetry plans, one conventional plan of 60-Gy in 3D ...
Gil-Ibáñez Blanca - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This work assessed the role of robotic-assisted lapararoscopic radical hysterectomy in the treatment of early invasive cervical cancer with special regard to nerve sparing technique. METHODS: Between October 2009 and June 2011, a total of 14 non-consecutive patients underwent early cervical cancer surgery at the authors' institution. Patients with ...
Duman Deniz Güney - - 2013
Saccharomyces boulardii is a probiotic used for the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. We aimed to investigate whether S. boulardii could alter the effects of clarithromycin (CLA) and methotrexate (MTX) on oro-caecal intestinal transit and oxidative damage in rats. Rats were divided into two groups receiving a single dose of MTX ...
Zogopoulos Panagiotis - - 2013
The endocannabinoid system (ES) is comprised of cannabinoid (CB) receptors, their endogenous ligands (endocannabinoids), and proteins responsible for their metabolism. Endocannabinoids serve as retrograde signaling messengers in GABAergic and glutamatergic synapses, as well as modulators of postsynaptic transmission, that interact with other neurotransmitters. Physiological stimuli and pathological conditions lead to ...
Boesmans W - - 2013
Background  The intimate association between glial cells and neurons within the enteric nervous system has confounded careful examination of the direct responsiveness of enteric glia to different neuroligands. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether neurotransmitters known to elicit fast excitatory potentials in enteric nerves also activate enteric glia directly. Methods  ...
Kumode Takahiro - - 2013
Abstract Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that usually develops in immunosuppressed patients infected with human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) in conjunction with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, there are several reports of HHV-8-related HIV-negative cases and HHV8-unrelated HIV-negative cases, mainly in immunodeficient and ...
Lee Jungkyu K - - 2013
Back and forth: Enzymatic, reversible polymerization on gold surfaces was efficiently carried out from surface-tethered self-priming oligodeoxynucleotides in a sequence-specific fashion by using two kinds of enzymes. Taq DNA polymerase, acting as a catalyst, facilitated DNA polymerization, and DNA restriction enzymes cut DNA polymers from the surface.
Nagase Hiroaki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of the development of neurologic damage in children with febrile seizures or altered consciousness within 6 hours of onset. METHODS: Our study included 86 children (4-159 months old), who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for complex febrile seizures on admission to our department between October 2002 and ...
Ma R - - 2013
Gliomas are the most common primary central nervous system tumour seen in adults. There have been many advances over the last two decades as we widen our search for a molecular basis of gliomagenesis. Many biomarkers have been discovered to be important in the management of gliomas, including 1p19q co-deletion, ...
Huang Hui-Tzu - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To delineate the trajectories of functional status over four time points and to examine predictors of functional decline (FD) in hospitalised older patients. BACKGROUND: About 30-60% of the older patients develop new dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) during a hospital stay, which results in progressive ...
Schrijvers L H - - 2013
Long-term adherence to prophylactic therapy is the key to successful prevention of bleeds in severe haemophilia. The present study aims to provide a systematic review of the literature on the determinants of adherence to prophylaxis in haemophilia. A literature search in the largest medical databases in Oct 2011 yielded 880 ...
Jansson Erik T - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The TRPV1 ion channel is expressed in nociceptors, where pharmacological modulation of its function may offer a means of alleviating pain and neurogenic inflammation processes in the human body. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cholesterol depletion of the cell on ion-permeability of the ...
Mindlin M J - - 2013
SUMMARY In August 2008 an outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 occurred in South West London. Sixteen cases were identified with a particular multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) pattern. In a matched case-control study 14 primary cases were included. These were defined as individuals with gastrointestinal symptoms and Salmonella ...
Pretorius Etheresia - - 2013
Abstract Aims: Inflammatory diseases associated with iron overload, are characterized by a changed coagulation profile, where there is a persistent presence of fibrin-like material of dense matted deposits. It is believed that one source of such material is a result of the activation of blood coagulation without the generation of ...
Georgiadis George S - - 2013
Hybrid endografting in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is defined as the process of placing a series of two or more different types of covered stents, usually to treat a complex abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) or a primary or secondary endoleak. We describe the treatment of a type III, ...
Macy Alexandra S - - 2013
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a profound impact with a high disease burden. In order to truly understand the scope of the effect OCD has on the patient population, one must take into account not only the relentless symptoms beleaguering the patients but also examine their overall ability to enjoy their ...
Ram Ron - - 2013
Abstract Acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) has been, and continues to compromise the benefits associated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation to cure malignant and non-malignant diseases. Pharmacologic interventions to prevent GVHD have emerged as a major objective of research in the immunology and transplantation fields. A better understanding of ...
Athanasiadis G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: β(2) -Glycoprotein I (β(2) -GPI), also designated apolipoprotein H, is a 50-kDa protein that circulates in blood at high concentrations, playing an important role in autoimmune diseases, hemostasis, atherogenesis and angiogenesis, as well as in host defense against bacteria and in protein/cellular waste removal. Plasma β(2) -GPI levels have ...
Stoiber Martin - - 2013
Aim: Transparent hollow models are needed to visualize and quantify flow in various applications. To obtain the final transparent model, an intermediate molding of the fluid space with an easily removable material is required. Currently used materials to produce this intermediate molding have limitations: toxicity, cost, and a tendency to ...
Petrov Vesselin - - 2013
The complete determination of all rate and equilibrium constants of the network of reversible chemical reactions involving the anthocyanin analogue, 3',4'-dihydroxy-7-O-β-d-glucopyranosyloxyflavylium chloride, was achieved by means of UV-visible spectroscopy, flash photolysis and pH jumps monitored by stopped-flow. An energy level diagram containing all the data was obtained. A detailed step ...
Liu Li-Yan - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The significance of ABCB11 variants have been studied in some cholestatic diseases, but is not clear in transient neonatal cholestasis (TNC). The aim of the present study is to explore the association between ABCB11 variants and TNC. METHODS: It is a case-control study. 192 children with TNC ...
Kulkarni Ketan P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective is to describe our management experience of children with appendix carcinoids (AC). METHOD: We first performed a systematic review of the literature pertaining to appendix carcinoids in the pediatric population. PubMed, EMBBASE and SCOPUS and most significant Congress proceedings were reviewed. In addition we retrieved the charts ...
Zachaki Sophia - - 2013
Abstract Models for the pathogenesis of Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) imply the role of individual genetic variations in genes involved in detoxification mechanisms. GSTP1 enzyme plays a key role in biotransformation of a variety of carcinogens. The corresponding gene is subject to a single-nucleotide polymorphism (A(313)G) leading to abolished enzyme activity. ...
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