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Bienvenut Willy V - - 2013
Some large-scale proteomics studies in which strong cation exchange chromatography has been applied are used to determine proteomes and post-translational modification dynamics. Although such datasets favour the characterisation of thousands of modified peptides, e.g., phosphorylated and N-α-acetylated, a large fraction of the acquired spectra remain unexplained by standard proteomics approaches. ...
Karamonová Ludmila - - 2013
The bacterial genus Cronobacter was established quite recently, in 2008. Therefore, its systematic classification is still in progress as well as the risk assessment of Cronobacter strains. The possibility of rapid identification within the biogroup level has an essential epidemiological significance. We examined the potential of mass spectrometry to accomplish ...
Lobas Anna A - - 2013
High-throughput methods of proteomics are essential for identification of proteins in a cell or tissue under certain conditions. Most of these methods require tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). A multidimensional approach including predictive chromatography and partial chemical degradation could be a valuable alternative and/or addition to MS/MS. In the proposed strategy ...
Ablajan Keyume - - 2013
Flavonoids exhibit a wide range of biological activities. The differentiation and structural characterization of the flavonol O-rhamnosides and their isomers are important research topics. Electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS(n) ) is an indispensable tool and has become an efficient method for the identification of bioactive natural products. Negative ion ...
Zachariadis George A - - 2013
The capabilities of modified non-spherical Doehlert-type experimental designs to optimize the performance of a hybrid mass spectrometer were investigated in this paper for the first time. The optimization process was completed in three successive steps with groups of variables avoiding any univariable approach. Glutathione (GSH, reduced) was selected as a ...
Puccio Giovanni - - 2013
Thiodiglycolic acid (TDGA) is a urinary metabolite of the oxazaphosphorine class of chemotherapeutics, in particular of ifosfamide. Ifosfamide metabolism generates chloroacetaldehyde (CAA), a toxic compound associated with neurotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, urotoxicity and cardiotoxicity. CAA, in turn, interacts with cellular thiol groups leading to GSH depletion, cell death and generation of thiodiglycolic ...
Zhao Yue - - 2013
Nucleotide analogs are highly polar and ionic, which impose great challenges on bioanalysis. Ion-pairing liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) is the predominant reported approach for such compounds. Assay ruggedness of ion-pairing LC/MS/MS methods was often a challenge due to the potential contamination of the ion source of the mass spectrometer ...
Chang Cynthia X L - - 2013
Conditional ligands have enabled the high-throughput production of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) libraries that present defined peptides. Immunomonitoring platforms typically concentrate on restriction elements associated with European ancestry, and such tools are scarce for Asian HLA variants. We report 30 novel irradiation-sensitive ligands, specifically targeting South East Asian populations, which ...
Hussain Shehnaz K SK Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2013
Given the important role of cell mediated immunity in viral clearance and control of premalignant lesions, we hypothesize that variation in the IL-12/IL-10 cytokine and cytokine receptor genes may influence cervical and vulvar cancer risk. We evaluated 76 tagSNPs from seven candidate genes (IL-10, IL-12A, IL-12B, IL-10RA, IL-10RB, IL-12RB1, and ...
Basu Roy Upal K UK Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology Graduate Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, - - 2013
Caveolin-1 is an essential component of membrane caveolae. It is an important regulator of cellular processes such as signal transduction and endocytosis. We report here, for the first time, that caveolin-1 is a target of the K-RAS oncogene in colon carcinogenesis. Caveolin-1 is induced in colon cancer cells and in ...
North Ashley A Department of Physiology, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, - - 2013
Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive and neurotoxic psychostimulant. Its use in humans is often associated with neurocognitive impairment. Whether this is due to long-term deficits in short-term memory and/or hippocampal plasticity remains unclear. Recently, we reported that METH increases baseline synaptic transmission and reduces LTP in an ex vivo ...
Patani Neill N The Breakthrough Breast Cancer Research Center, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, United - - 2013
The higher incidence of breast cancer in developed countries has been tempered by reductions in mortality, largely attributable to mammographic screening programmes and advances in adjuvant therapy. Optimal systemic management requires consideration of clinical, pathological and biological parameters. Oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα), progesterone receptor (PgR) and human epidermal growth factor ...
Masuda Melisa M Department of Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, - - 2013
Chronic elevated exposure to manganese (Mn) is associated with neurocognitive and fine motor deficits in children. However, relatively little is understood about cellular responses to Mn spanning the transition between physiologic to toxic levels of exposure. Here, we investigated the specificity, sensitivity, and time course of the Golgi Phosphoprotein 4 ...
Je Eun Mi - - 2013
Recurrent somatic mutations in splicing machinery components, including SF3B1, U2AF1 and SRSF2 genes have recently been reported in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Such a recurrent nature strongly suggests that these mutations play important roles in tumor development. To see whether SF3B1, U2AF1 and SRSF2 mutations occur in other human tumors besides ...
González Carlos A - - 2013
The identification and surveillance of patients with preneoplastic lesions at high risk of progressing to gastric cancer (GC) represents the most effective way of reducing the burden of GC. The incomplete type of intestinal metaplasia (IM) could be considered as the best candidate for surveillance. However, the usefulness of subtyping ...
Ohanian Maro M Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Extramedullary manifestations of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were described as early as the 19th century. However, the incidence, clinical significance and pathobiology of extramedullary AML remain ill defined. We reviewed case reports, retrospective case series, pilot studies and imaging studies of extramedullary leukemia (EML) to determine its frequency, characteristics, clinical ...
Kuruppu Sanjaya S Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Monash University, Wellington Rd, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. - - 2013
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is one of the most potent peptide vasoconstrictors known. It is produced upon the cleavage of its precursor big endothelin-1 by endothelin converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1). Production of ET-1 is thought to be dependent upon the expression of ECE-1 at the cell surface. Therefore, mechanisms inducing the trafficking of ...
Sanderson Joseph P JP Academic Unit of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Sir Henry Wellcome and Hope Laboratories, Southampton Musculoskeletal BRU, University of Southampton, Southampton, United - - 2013
Isoglobotrihexosylceramide (iGb3) has been identified as a potent CD1d-presented self-antigen for mouse invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells. The role of iGb3 in humans remains unresolved, however, as there have been conflicting reports about iGb3-dependent human iNKT-cell activation, and humans lack iGb3 synthase, a key enzyme for iGb3 synthesis. Given ...
Spulber G G Institute of Clinical Medicine, Unit of Neurology, University of Eastern Finland, University Hospital of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. - - 2013
Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sensitive to neurodegeneration and can be used to estimate the risk of converting to Alzheimer's disease (AD) in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Brain changes in AD and prodromal AD involve a pattern of widespread atrophy. The use of multivariate analysis algorithms could ...
Starr Marlene E ME Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0298, - - 2013
Tolerance to physiological stress resulting from inflammatory disease decreases significantly with age. High mortality rates, increased cytokine production, and pronounced thrombosis are characteristic complications of aged mice with acute systemic inflammation induced by injection with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). As adipose tissue is now recognized as an important source of cytokines, we ...
Li Xiang X Laboratory of Chemistry and Cell Biology, New York, New York 10065, - - 2013
Post-translational modifications (PTM) of proteins can control complex and dynamic cellular processes via regulating interactions between key proteins. To understand these regulatory mechanisms, it is critical that we can profile the PTM-dependent protein-protein interactions. However, identifying these interactions can be very difficult using available approaches, as PTMs can be dynamic ...
Zhang Wei W Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, - - 2013
Most microorganisms live in complex communities, where they interact both synergistically and competitively. To explore the relationship between environmental heterogeneity and the spatial structure of well-defined biofilms, single- and mixed-species biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Flavobacterium sp. CDC-65 was grown in a planar flow cell under highly controlled flow ...
Hyter Stephen S Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, - - 2013
Keratinocytes contribute to melanocyte activity by influencing their microenvironment, in part, through secretion of paracrine factors. Here, we discovered that p53 directly regulates Edn1 expression in epidermal keratinocytes and controls UV-induced melanocyte homeostasis. Selective ablation of endothelin-1 (EDN1) in murine epidermis (EDN1(ep-/-) ) does not alter melanocyte homeostasis in newborn ...
Barbosa Sónia S Department of Medicine, Imperial College, London, W2 1PG, - - 2013
CREB3 proteins comprise a set of ER-localized bZip transcription factors defined by the presence of a transmembrane domain. They are regulated by inter-compartmental transport, Golgi cleavage and nuclear transport where they promote appropriate transcriptional responses. Although CREB3 proteins play key roles in differentiation, inflammation and metabolism, a general framework relating ...
Bernhards Robert C RC Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0910, - - 2013
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa ranks among the leading causes of nosocomial infection. The type III secretion system (T3SS) aids acute Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection by injecting potent cytotoxins into host cells to suppress the host's innate immune response. Expression of all T3SS-related genes is strictly dependent on the transcription factor ...
Kirk Timothy V - - 2013
Since their introduction in 2001 miniaturized bioreactor systems have made great advances in function and performance. In this article the dissolved oxygen (DO) transfer performance of submilliliter microbioreactors, and 1-10 mL minibioreactors was examined. Microbioreactors have reached k(L) a values of 460 h(-1) , and are offering instrumentation and some ...
Callahan Brian P - - 2013
The unregulated activity of inteins during expression and consequent side reactions during work-up limits their widespread use in biotechnology and chemical biology. Therefore, we exploited a mechanism-based approach to regulate intein autocatalysis for biotechnological application. The system, inspired by our previous structural studies, is based on reversible trapping of the ...
Yang Chunyan C National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Disease, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, People's Republic of - - 2013
The hepatitis E virus (HEV) capsid protein has been demonstrated to be able to assemble into particles in vitro. However, this process and the mechanism of protein-protein interactions during particle assembly remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the assembly mechanism of HEV structural protein subunits, the capsid protein p239 ...
Vinther Tine N TN Diabetes Research Unit, Novo Nordisk A/S, Novo Nordisk Park, Måløv DK-2760, - - 2013
Insulin is a key hormone controlling glucose homeostasis. All known vertebrate insulin analogs have a classical structure with three 100% conserved disulfide bonds that are essential for structural stability and thus the function of insulin. It might be hypothesized that an additional disulfide bond may enhance insulin structural stability which ...
Paillusson Sébastien - - 2013
There is growing evidence supporting a role of extracellular alpha-synuclein in the spreading of Parkinson's disease (PD) pathology. Recent pathological studies have raised the possibility that the enteric nervous system (ENS) is one of the initial sites of alpha-synuclein pathology in PD. We therefore undertook this survey to determine whether ...
Ma Chao C Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Computational Chemical Genomics Screening Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, - - 2013
The cannabinoid receptor subtype 2 (CB2) is a promising therapeutic target for blood cancer, pain relief, osteoporosis, and immune system disease. The recent withdrawal of Rimonabant, which targets another closely related cannabinoid receptor (CB1), accentuates the importance of selectivity for the development of CB2 ligands in order to minimize their ...
Jonassaint Naudia L NL Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2013
Defects in telomere maintenance genes cause pathological telomere shortening, and manifest in syndromes which have prominent phenotypes in tissues of high turnover: the skin and bone marrow. Because the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium is highly proliferative, we sought to determine whether telomere syndromes cause GI disease, and to define its prevalence, ...
Kim Jae-Hyung - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To measure the efficiency of phacoemulsification, we have developed a new experimental model for testing phaco-efficiency and analyzed re-aspiration of repulsed particles. METHODS: Using a Kitaro wetlab system, a piece of blood agar (BA) was placed in an artificial chamber and the phacoemulsifier was placed horizontally. The settings of ...
Chaudhary M Z - - 2013
Sediment core from Korangi Creek, one of the polluted coastal locations along the Karachi Coast Pakistan, was collected to trace the history of marine pollution and to determine the impact of industrial activity in the area. Down core variation of metals such as Ca, K, Mg, Al, S, Ti, V, ...
Jiang Ling-Feng - - 2013
This study aimed to assess whether maifanite can improve the learning and memory, and antioxidant abilities of Alzheimer's disease (AD) rats. The 70 rats were divided into seven groups: [A] normal control group, [B] AD model group, [C] sham group, [D] positive control group (donepezil), [E] low-dose maifanite group, [F] ...
Froelich Brett - - 2013
The human bacterial pathogen, Vibrio vulnificus, is found in brackish waters and is concentrated by filter-feeding molluscan shellfish, especially oysters, which inhabit those waters. Ingestion of raw or undercooked oysters containing virulent strains of V. vulnificus can result in rapid septicemia and death in 50 % of victims. This review summarizes ...
Wang Run L - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of zinc (Zn) source on the performance, Zn status, immune response, and rumen fermentation of lactating cows to find the most available Zn source for dairy production. In Experiment 1, a total of 30 multiparous Holstein cows were randomly allocated by body ...
Basu Subhajit - - 2013
A massive algal bloom of the dinoflagellate Noctiluca miliaris (green) was located in the Northern Arabian Sea by IRS-P4-2 (OCM-II) for microbiological studies, during two consecutive cruises of February-March 2009. Culturable bacterial load during bloom were ∼2-3-fold higher in comparison to non-bloom waters and ranged from 3.20 × 10(5) to 6.84 × 10(5) cfu ml(-1). An ...
Rębacz-Maron Ewa - - 2013
Mineral imbalance in the body may significantly contribute to the development and course of hypertension. In this paper, blood pressure figures have been linked to the levels of Fe, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Na and K in hair. The research sample was composed of young men (n = 91) aged 13-21, from ...
Vezzulli Luigi - - 2013
Vibrios are among the most common bacteria that inhabit surface waters throughout the world and are responsible for a number of severe infections both in humans and animals. Several reports recently showed that human Vibrio illnesses are increasing worldwide including fatal acute diarrheal diseases, such as cholera, gastroenteritis, wound infections, ...
Sachdev Dhara P - - 2013
Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported ...
Roos Carolien - - 2013
In threatened preterm labor, maintenance tocolysis with nifedipine, after an initial course of tocolysis and corticosteroids for 48 hours, may improve perinatal outcome. To determine whether maintenance tocolysis with nifedipine will reduce adverse perinatal outcomes due to premature birth. APOSTEL-II (Assessment of Perinatal Outcome with Sustained Tocolysis in Early Labor) ...
Segade P - - 2013
SUMMARY Heliciculture is an excellent alternative to obtain edible snails but its viability is seriously threatened by pathogens. A parasitological survey was conducted in 3 mixed system-based heliciculture farms in Galicia (NW Spain), with the species Tetrahymena rostrata, Tetrahymena limacis, Tetratrichomonas limacis, Cryptobia helicogenae, Brachylaima aspersae (metacercariae and sporocysts), Alloionema ...
Cosnier Frédéric - - 2013
Abstract 1. Toluene (TOL) is a neurotoxic, ototoxic and reprotoxic solvent which is metabolized via the glutathione pathway, producing benzylmercapturic, o-, m- and p-toluylmercapturic acids (MAs). These metabolites could be useful as biomarkers of TOL exposure. 2. The aims of this study were (1) to provide data on MAs excretion ...
Gautam Nischal K - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of two protamine-dosing strategies on activated clotting time (ACT) and thromboelastography (TEG). BACKGROUND: Protamine dosage based on neutralizing heparin present in the combined estimated blood volumes (EBVs) of the patient and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) pump may result in excess protamine and contributes toward a coagulopathy ...
Liu Jin-Hua - - 2013
Fluorescence anisotropy (FA) is a reliable, sensitive, and robust assay approach for determination of many biological targets. However, it is generally not applicable for assay of small molecules because their molecular masses are relatively too small to produce observable FA value changes. To address this issue, we report herein the ...
Adgate John L - - 2013
Allergens and other pollutants in house dust are collected using a variety of dust samplers that are assumed to operate similarly. This factorial design study compared sampler performance under controlled environmental conditions. House dust with known particle sizes (212-90, 90-45, and <45 μm) and allergen concentrations were sampled from new carpet ...
Malkowska Maja - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses divided into three subfamilies: Alpha-, Beta- and Gammaherpesvirinae. The process of herpesvirus transmission is mediated by a range of proteins, one of which is glycoprotein L (gL). Based on our analysis of the solved structures of HSV2 and EBV gH/gL complexes, ...
Lee Chang Hoon - - 2013
Photolysis of [Ni(II)(μ-Cl)Cl(IPr)](2) (IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene) activates the Ni-Cl bonds to furnish [Ni(I)(μ-Cl)(IPr)](2). Consistent with this photochemistry, a TD-DFT calculation for square planar Ni(ii) centre reveals that light excitation leads to the population of orbitals with σ*(Ni-Cl) character.
Müller Christoph R - - 2013
Enzymes create chiral microenvironments that may simultaneously generate several stereogenic centers in the same catalytic cycle, broadening the possibilities of biocatalysis. Benzaldehyde lyase (BAL) affords highly diastereoselective α-hydroxy-ketones by simultaneously performing ligation and kinetic resolution of a racemic aldehyde. Thus, to the well-known enantioselective BAL-carboligation of aldehydes (C-C bond formation), ...
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