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Results 701 - 750 of 2817
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Cuddy L C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective case series was to evaluate the suitability of a pre-tied ligating loop for liver biopsy or partial or complete liver lobectomy via midline coeliotomy for diagnosis or treatment of hepatic disease. METHODS: Nine client-owned animals (six dogs and three cats) in which liver biopsy ...
Frasinariu Otilia E - - 2012
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a multifactorial condition, ranging from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis with or without fibrosis. In non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, alteration of gut microbiota and increased intestinal permeability increase exposure of the liver to gut-derived bacterial products: lipopolysaccharides and unmethylated CpG DNA. These products stimulate innate ...
Woo Seung Hoon - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Temporary or permanent vocal paralysis can occur after head and neck surgery for thyroid cancer, esophageal resection, a chest operation that includes lung parenchymal resection due to a vagus or recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, and so forth. These days, the main treatment for vocal fold paralysis is the injection ...
Varamenti Evdokia I - - 2012
Elite athletes undergo heavy training programs throughout the year. The aim of the present study was to evaluate blood biomarkers of redox status, oxidative stress, inflammation and angiogenesis over the course of a competitive season in elite female water polo players. The biomarkers were evaluated in four distinct phases of ...
Breuel Wiebke - - 2012
Up to 30% of patients relapse after orthognathic operations, and one reason might be incomplete neuromuscular adaptation of the masticatory muscles. Displacement of the mandible in sagittal or vertical directions, or both, leads to stretching or compression of these muscles. The aim of this study was to analyse stretching factors ...
Yamashita Fumiyoshi - - 2012
Drug delivery systems involve technology designed to maximize therapeutic efficacy of drugs by controlling their biodistribution profile. In order to optimize a function of the delivery systems, their biodistribution characteristics should be systematically understood. Pharmacokinetic analysis based on the clearance concepts provides quantitative information of the biodistribution, which can be ...
Allen Kelli D - - 2012
Physical therapy (PT) is a key component of treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA) and can decrease pain and improve function. Given the expected rise in prevalence of knee OA and the associated demand for treatment, there is a need for models of care that cost-effectively extend PT services for patients ...
Chen Hai-Yang - - 2012
Considering the advantages and limitations of a single receptor model, in this study, a combined technique of nonnegative matrix factorization analysis with effective weighted variance solution (NMF-EWV) was proposed for source apportionment. Utilizing NMF, major linear independent factor loadings with nonnegative elements were extracted to identify potential pollution sources. Then, ...
Liu N - - 2012
The A*24:02:17 allele differs from the most close matching allele A*24:02:01:01 by one nucleotide substitution in exon 2, at position 264.
Bailey Lucy - - 2012
In 2006 the anti-CD28 superagonistic IgG4 TGN1412, having passed pre-clinical safety screens, caused a severe 'cytokine storm' in 6 healthy volunteers. Others have shown that for TGN1412 to induce an inflammatory signal in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or in human diluted blood, endothelial cells or bound monoclonal antibody ...
Selbig William R - - 2012
Urban sediment can act as a transport mechanism for a variety of pollutants to move towards a receiving water body. The concentrations of these pollutants oftentimes exceed levels that are toxic to aquatic organisms. Many treatment structures are designed to capture coarse sediment but do not work well to similarly ...
Ahlsson Fredrik - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The role of adipokines in the regulation of energy substrate production in non-diabetic pregnant women has not been elucidated. We hypothesize that serum concentrations of adiponectin are related to fetal growth via maternal fat mass, insulin resistance and glucose production, and further, that serum levels of leptin are associated ...
Rosario Roseanne - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Despite their distinct biology, granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) are treated similarly to other ovarian tumours. Predominantly expressed in granulosa cells, the transcription factor Forkhead Box L2 (FOXL2) is near absent in juvenile-type GCTs. This research aimed to investigate miRNAs as a mechanism of suppression of FOXL2 expression in juvenile-type ...
Mauch Jacqueline - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Impairment of blood coagulation is one of the main side effects of volume replacement, particularly if artificial colloids such as hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and gelatine preparations are used. This animal study aimed to evaluate the effect of a single fast intravenous crystalloid or colloid fluid bolus on ...
Cavari Yuval - - 2012
We report the case of a 2-year-old Bedouin boy in whom developed severe and unusual complications after being stung, most probably, by the yellow scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus. Five hours after arrival to the emergency department, the boy had multisystem organ failure involving the central nervous system (seizure activity followed ...
Morgan Philip B - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of a silicone hydrogel daily disposable lens in neophyte subjects over 12 months. METHODS: Seventy four subjects with no previous contact lens experience were randomised to wear narafilcon A (1 DAY ACUVUE(®) TruEye™) lenses (LW group) or to wear no contact lenses (NLW group) for ...
Smith Ezra - - 2012
Emotional faces are motivationally salient stimuli that automatically capture attention and rapidly potentiate neural processing. Because of their superior temporal resolution, scalp-recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) are ideal for examining rapid changes in neural activity. Some reports have found larger ERPs for fearful and angry faces compared to both neutral and ...
Wang Jiye - - 2012
High-altitude hypoxia impedes cognitive performance. It is not well known whether the prophylactic use of acetazolamide for altitude sickness can influence cognitive performance at high altitude. When ascending to high altitude locations, one may face medical risks, including cognitive impairment, which may significantly hinder climbing abilities or exploratory behavior. Effective ...
Malmborg Jonas - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Predicting the pharmacokinetics (PK) of prodrugs and their corresponding active drugs is challenging, as there are many variables to consider. Prodrug conversion characteristics in different tissues are generally measured, but integrating these variables to a PK profile is not common practice. In this paper, a joined in vitro/in silico-in ...
Hatzinger Paul B - - 2012
Stable isotope ratio analysis is increasingly being applied as a tool to detect, understand, and quantify biodegradation of organic and inorganic contaminants in groundwater. An important feature of this approach is that it allows degradative losses of contaminants to be distinguished from those caused by non-destructive processes such as dilution, ...
Kiem Sara A - - 2012
Homeostasis of the human stress response system is critically maintained by a hierarchical system of neural and endocrine elements for which intact negative feedback is important to prevent maladaptation towards stress. Such feedback is efficiently probed by the established combined dexamethasone-suppression/corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation (dex/CRH) test. Here we investigate which suprahypothalamic ...
Ozdemir Süleyman - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and etiologic factors of non-use and limited use of cochlear implants. The patients' age, gender, duration of implantation and additional disabilities were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 413 (200 males, 213 females) pediatric patients (age under 16) implanted ...
O'Brien Fearghal - - 2012
A recent theory of adolescent risk taking that may be applicable to young drivers proposed that young people engage in more risks because they are more impulsive. While past research has found that problematic drivers do tend to score higher on measures of impulsivity, most of this research has relied ...
Arruda Martha M - - 2012
Erythrocytes from sickle cell anaemia (SCA) patients continuously produce larger amounts of pro-oxidants than normal cells. Oxidative stress seems to primarily affect the membrane and results in haemolysis. The use of antioxidants in vitro reduces the generation of pro-oxidants. To evaluate the impact of vitamins C (VitC) and E (VitE) ...
Zoldák Gabriel - - 2012
Force spectroscopy has developed into an indispensable tool for studying folding and binding of proteins on a single molecule level in real time. Design of the pulling geometry allows tuning the reaction coordinate in a very precise manner. Many recent experiments have taken advantage of this possibility and have provided ...
Wang Li-Zhong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a risk of inadvertent dural or vascular puncture for the traditional single-shot caudal block performed by inserting the needle into the sacral canal through the sacral hiatus. This prospective, randomized study was to evaluate the clinical feasibility of the hiatus injection under ultrasound guidance for caudal block ...
Miralha Alexandre Lopes - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Describing rates of seroconversion and its associated factors in a series of Brazilian infants following the final dose of the vaccine at 6 months of age. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected after the third dose of the vaccine for the detection of anti-hepatitis B surface antibodies among infants ...
Neimeijer Renate - - 2012
Although restrained eaters try to limit their food intake, they often fail and indulge in exactly those foods that they want to avoid. A possible explanation is a temporal attentional bias for food cues. It could be that for these people food stimuli are processed relatively efficiently and require less ...
Cordioli Michele - - 2012
The construction of waste incinerators in populated areas always causes substantial public concern. Since the heat from waste combustion can be recovered to power district heating networks and allows for the switch-off of domestic boilers in urbanized areas, predictive models for health assessment should also take into account the potential ...
Lee Gha-Hyun - - 2012
PURPOSE: The efficacy and safety of the anti-convulsive drug levetiracetam (LEV) has been well documented but few clinical studies have investigated tolerance to LEV. The aim of this study was to evaluate the loss of the initial efficacy of LEV in adult patients with refractory partial-onset seizures. METHODS: We enrolled ...
Yuan Lu-Feng - - 2012
Conotoxins are small disulfide-rich peptide toxins, which have the exceptional diversity of sequences. Because conotoxins are able to specifically bind to ion channels and interfere with neurotransmission, they are considered as the excellent pharmacological candidates in drug design. Appropriate type assignment of newly sequenced mature ion channel-targeted conotoxins with computational ...
Esposito Gabriella - - 2012
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the main cause of heritable mental retardation. In most patients, it is associated with an increased number of CGG repeats (>200) within the 5'-untranslated region of the FMR1 gene, and with methylation of the expanded repeats and of the promoter. FXS female carriers and transmitting ...
Wang Yu - - 2012
Coupling with triolein-embedded cellulose acetate membrane (TECAM) technique, hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrins (HPCD) extraction method, and the greenhouse pot experiments, the influences of biochars on polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) bioavailability in soil to plant (Brassica chinensis L. and Daucus carota) were investigated. Addition of 2% biochars to soils significantly reduced the uptake of ...
Amaral Guilherme Pires - - 2012
The pathology of a gastric ulcer is complex and multifactorial. Gastric ulcers affect many people around the world and its development is a result of the imbalance between aggressive and protective factors in the gastric mucosa. In this study, we evaluated the ethanolic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (eeRo); this ...
Ishihara Yasuhiro - - 2012
Increasing evidence shows that progesterone, a neuroactive steroid, has protective actions in central nervous system, but there is little evidence to show the protective mechanism of progesterone on neurotoxicity induced by environmental chemicals. In this study, we examined the effects of progesterone on neuronal injury induced by tributyltin (TBT) in ...
Choi C W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the subjective skin type and the casual sebum level was not fully clarified. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of subjective skin type and to find the relationship between the subjective skin types and the skin type-related symptoms, casual sebum level, along with the objective skin type. ...
Lees Mackenzie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to establish the ability of pediatric anesthesiologists to learn to use two video laryngoscopes - the GlideScope(®) system (GS) and the Karl Storz Direct Coupled Interface, DCI(®) , (KS). BACKGROUND: The number of intubation attempts required to attain proficiency with a video ...
Liu Bin - - 2012
Ischemic neuron death is presumably caused by excitotoxicity. Here, we studied whether ischemia impaired astrocytes and GABAergic neurons to exacerbate glutamate-dependent neural excitotoxicity by electrophysiologically recording these nerve cells in cortical slices. Our results showed that ischemia impaired the activity of glutamate-transporters (Glu-T) on the astrocytes, as well as the ...
Duguid Ian C - - 2012
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor plays an essential role in excitatory transmission, synaptic integration, and learning and memory. In the classical view, postsynaptic NMDA receptors act as canonical coincidence detectors providing a 'molecular switch' for the induction of various forms of short- and long-term synaptic plasticity. Over the past twenty years ...
Lee Si-Hyung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A phototrichogram scalp measurement method using a headband and a tapeline was introduced as a non-invasive and economical measuring technique. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of the two-point scoring method by phototrichogram using a headband and a tapeline. METHODS: The scalp hair of seven volunteers were measured ...
George Paltoglou - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequencies of three paraoxonase (PON)1 polymorphisms in Greek polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS women, and their genotypes association with hyperandrogenemia and insulin resistance. DESIGN: Case-control genetic association study. SETTING: University Hospital Endocrine Unit. PATIENTS: 142 PCOS cases (NIH criteria) and 112 controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: ...
Shechter Ravid - - 2012
The poor recovery of the central nervous system (CNS) after injury, coupled with its complex and immunologically-privileged nature, led to the belief that CNS repair is different from the repair of other tissues. Here, we consider CNS repair from a novel perspective, suggesting that CNS responses to injury resemble wound ...
Jansen Meredith E - - 2012
PURPOSE: Electronic data capture is becoming increasingly common for collecting real-time patient responses. The purpose of this study was to investigate compliance with a daily electronic questionnaire regarding night-time contact lens visual performance. METHOD: Forty-eight subjects (34 females) were fit and dispensed two contralateral pairs of soft contact lenses (SCLs) ...
Kavamura Vanessa Nessner - - 2012
Drought is one of the major problems worldwide. The search for new and efficient microorganisms, from unexplored environments, to be used in association with plants to alleviate the negative effects imposed by water stress, is an interesting alternative. Thus, cacti-associated bacteria from the Brazilian semi-arid region were isolated based on ...
Ahuja Munish - - 2012
The study involves mucoadhesive evaluation by formulating buccal discs using fluconazole as the model drug. The effect of compression pressure and gum cordia/lactose ratio on the ex vivo bioadhesion time and in vitro release of fluconazole was optimized using central composite experimental design. It was observed that the response ex ...
Giuliani A - - 2012
CHF5074 attenuates memory deficit in Alzheimer's disease transgenic mice. In the present study, the effect of an acute or sub-acute CHF5074 treatment on in vivo novel object recognition test and on [(3) H]Acetylcholine and GABA release in pre-plaque (7 month-old) Tg2576 mice, have been compared with those induced by the ...
Zhang Yu - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease that mainly causes the synovial joint inflammation and cartilage destruction. Both interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and Interleukin-17 (IL-17) are important proinflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of RA. We investigated whether combination therapy with IL-1β and IL-17A antibodies would generate the potential for ...
Hermanns Norbert - - 2012
Family physicians are responsible for diagnosing and treating the majority of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and co-morbid depression. As a result of the impact of co-morbid depression on patient self-care and treatment outcomes, screening for depression in the context of a structured approach to case management and patient ...
Hanai Hiroyuki - - 2012
Leukocytapheresis (LCAP) appears to remove or inactivate inflammatory cells and to reset immunological responses, resulting to cure responders of ulcerative colitis (UC). The changes of T cell subsets were investigated in UC patients treated with LCAP. Levels of T cell subsets in peripheral blood before and after LCAP were analysed ...
Gu Langyu - - 2012
The geological complexity generated by the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and the resulting habitat heterogeneity have functioned together with climatic oscillations in the Quaternary to have a profound impact on the patterns of genetic diversity and demography of the fauna in this region. To understand the effect of the ...
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