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Taylor Christopher A - - 2013
Fatal infectious disease acquired during international travel is less likely to be captured through existing surveillance when diagnosis is delayed or missed, especially as autopsy rates decline. Death of a young girl owing to malaria demonstrates needs for increased examination of travel-related deaths through postmortem investigation, autopsy, and expanded surveillance.
Nienhaus G Ulrich - - 2013
Engineered nanoparticles (NPs) have found widespread application in technology and medicine. Whenever they come in contact with a living organism, interactions take place between the surfaces of the NPs and biomatter, in particular proteins, which are currently not well understood. We have introduced fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and dual-focus FCS ...
Angevine Peter D - - 2013
The routine practice of neurosurgery generates a large amount of clinical data. The structured, systematic capture of this information using clinical registries or other rigorously designed observational studies can yield useful evidence to help improve the care of patients. Registries in particular can be designed to measure outcomes in real-world ...
Huisman Annemiek - - 2013
Until recently, suicides of mental health care users in the Netherlands had to be reported to the Health Care Inspectorate by treating clinicians and medical directors. Interview data from 38 clinicians who reported a suicide and directors of the 28 facilities where they worked indicated ambivalence about the procedure's usefulness, ...
Doulias Paschalis-Thomas PT Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute and Departments of Pediatrics and Pharmacology, Raymond and Ruth Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Cysteine S-nitrosylation is a posttranslational modification by which nitric oxide regulates protein function and signaling. Studies of individual proteins have elucidated specific functional roles for S-nitrosylation, but knowledge of the extent of endogenous S-nitrosylation, the sites that are nitrosylated, and the regulatory consequences of S-nitrosylation remains limited. We used mass ...
Rosales Luis - - 2013
: In this work, we present a theoretical study of the transport properties of two finite and parallel armchair graphene nanoribbons connected to two semi-infinite leads of the same material. Using a single Π-band tight binding Hamiltonian and based on Green's function formalisms within a real space renormalization techniques, we ...
Norton Sam S Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
Population ageing over the first half of this century is likely to lead to dramatic increases in the prevalence of dementia. This will affect all regions of the world, but particularly developing regions. Dementia projections have been used extensively to support policy. It is therefore important these projections are as ...
Purbhoo Marco A - - 2013
The immune synapse is central to the regulation of T-cell activation and effector functions. Vesicular compartments dynamically interact with the immune synapse. Here they take part in the trafficking of signaling components to and from the synaptic cleft, as well as in the directed delivery and release of T-cell effector ...
Yardley Sarah - - 2013
Context  Authentic early experience (AEE) describes experiences provided to new medical students to undertake 'human contact' to enhance learning. Although the concept of AEE is not new, and was commonplace prior to the Flexner Report of 1910, little is known about how or why meaning and knowledge are constructed through ...
Eisenberg Bob - - 2013
Ionic solutions are dominated by interactions because they must be electrically neutral, but classical theory assumes no interactions. Biological solutions are rather like seawater, concentrated enough so that the diameter of ions also produces important interactions. In my view, the theory of complex fluids is needed to deal with the ...
Li Huifang - - 2013
Androgen receptor (AR) plays a critical role in the development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). The AR hormone-binding site (HBS) is intensively studied and represents the target area for the current antiandrogens including Bicalutamide and structurally related Enzalutamide. As resistance to antiandrogens invariably emerges in advanced prostate cancer, there ...
Issa Maria Cláudia Almeida - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) treatment still remains a therapeutic challenge to dermatologists. Ablative fractional laser and radiofrequency (RF) enhance skin-drug permeability for SD treatment. OBJECTIVE: To clinically evaluate the efficacy and safety as well as patient's satisfaction in relation to a method using ablative fractional RF associated with retinoic acid ...
Goussard Pierre - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of complicated lymph node disease in tuberculosis (TB) in children less than 15 years of age varies from 8% to 38%. There are few published studies on the bronchoscopic appearance and severity of airway obstruction caused by lymph node involvement of the airways resulting from Mycobacterium tuberculosis ...
He Shihua - - 2012
During mitosis, histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) becomes highly phosphorylated through the action of CK2, and HDAC1 and 2 are displaced from mitotic chromosomes. HDAC1 and 2 are components of corepressor complexes, which function with lysine acetyltransferases to catalyze dynamic protein acetylation and regulate gene expression. In this study, we show ...
Corrao Simona - - 2012
Cardiomyopathies are still the first cause of death in the world. The identification of resident stem cells, comprising those derived from sub-endocardial stroma, suggests the possible self regeneration of the heart under autocrine/paracrine modulation in the cardiac microenvironment. Nevertheless, because of the limited in vivo regeneration potential of damaged cardiac ...
Sales-Campos Helioswilton - - 2012
Evidences in the last years have showed the effects of oleic acid (OA) in human health and disease. Olive oil, rich in oleic acid, is supposed to present modulatory effects in a wide physiological functions, while some studies also suggest a beneficial effect on cancer, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, besides ...
Meyer Andrew J AJ Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2013
Mechanical loading is believed to be a critical factor in the development and treatment of knee osteoarthritis. However, the contact forces to which the knee articular surfaces are subjected during daily activities cannot be measured clinically. Thus, the ability to predict internal knee contact forces accurately using external measures (i.e., ...
Geigy Caroline - - 2012
A 12-year-old, spayed female, mixed-breed dog was presented for acute hematuria, stranguria, polyuria, and polydipsia, as well as lameness for 8 days. Previous medical history included treatment for infection with Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Leishmania infantum, and Dirofilaria immitis 6.5 years prior to presentation. Besides persistently increased antibody titers to E canis and ...
Khoshgoo Naghmeh - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a large group of small (∼22 nucleotides), non-coding RNA sequences that are highly conserved among animals, plants and microorganisms, suggesting that microRNAs represent a highly conserved and important regulatory mechanism. They have been demonstrated to play an important role in gene regulation. Recently, miRNAs have become a ...
Grützner Niels - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A recent genome-wide scan using the canine minimal screening set 2 (MSS-2) showed that cobalamin deficiency appears to be hereditary in Chinese Shar Peis and is linked to the microsatellite markers DTR13.6 and REN13N11 on canine chromosome 13. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the MYC_CANFA ...
Tsuruhara Aki - - 2012
To examine young infants' sensitivity to a pictorial depth cue, we compared monocular and binocular preferential looking to objects of which depth was specified by height-in-the-picture-plane. For adults, this cue generates the perception that a lower object is closer than a higher object. This study showed that 4- and 5-month-old ...
Klempa Boris - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the public health relevance of Lassa arenavirus and hantavirus infections in a subpopulation of recently febrile patients. METHODS: In a human seroprevalence study, we enrolled 253 participants on the basis of reported high fever during the last 3 months. They represented roughly 20% of the population of Bantou ...
Charlet Jessica - - 2012
Tumor suppressor genes such as RASSF1A are often epigenetically repressed by DNA hypermethylation in neuroblastoma, where the MYCN proto-oncogene is frequently amplified. MYC has been shown to associate with DNA methyltransferases, thereby inducing transcriptional repression of target genes, which suggested that MYCN might play a similar mechanistic role in the ...
Baron J Allen JA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, - - 2013
Although yeast cells grown in abundant glucose tend to acidify their extracellular environment, they raise the pH of the environment when starved for glucose or when grown strictly with non-fermentable carbon sources. Following prolonged periods in this alkaline phase, Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells will switch to producing acid. The mechanisms and ...
Shiomi Homare - - 2012
AIMS: The present study investigated the role of the Rho-kinase (ROK) pathway in the maintenance of bladder tone during the storage phase, and its effects on bladder compliance. METHODS: Muscle strips from isolated rat bladder (detrusor strips) were used to evaluate the effects of the ROK inhibitors Y-27632 and HA-1077 ...
Sung Lillian - - 2012
Decision making in pediatric cancer is particularly difficult. There may be uncertainty about prognosis, and long-term survival estimates from trials may not be applicable to current patients. There are many motivations to conduct research into patient and provider decision making. This review discusses three approaches to understanding decision making, namely ...
Opisso Eloy - - 2012
AIMS: To investigate the effects of subject controlled dorsal genital nerve (DGN) electrical stimulation on neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in subjects at home. METHODS: Subjects underwent a 5-day study at home with DGN stimulation. Stimulation was provided with surface electrodes placed either on the dorsal penile shaft in males and ...
Ko Jennifer - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Consensus on prostate cancer (PCA) treatment in older men is currently lacking. We evaluated clinicopathological and oncological outcomes in patients >70-year-old treated with radical prostatectomy (RP). METHODS: Clinicopathological and follow-up (FU) data for >70-year-old RP men (2000-2011) were recorded. Association between preoperative features, extraprostatic extension (EPE) and biochemical failure ...
Chen Chun-Liang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prostate tumors shed circulating tumor cells (CTCs) into the blood stream. Increased evidence shows that CTCs are often present in metastatic prostate cancer and can be alternative sources for disease profiling and prognostication. Here we postulate that CTCs expressing genes related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) are strong predictors of ...
Staer-Jensen Jette - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate intra- and inter-rater reliability when diagnosing major defects, and inter-rater reliability of diagnosing minor defects and muscle thickness of the pubovisceral muscle in primiparous women 6 weeks after vaginal delivery, using 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound. METHODS: Forty primiparous women were assessed using 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound. Volumes were acquired ...
Li Guang-Yi - - 2012
Leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma gel (L-PRP gel), a new autologous product which was previously utilized in several surgical procedures to enhance tissue healing, is now increasingly used as a promising treatment method for infections. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial property of L-PRP gel against Methicillin-resistive Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, ...
Smits Jacqueline M - - 2012
A European patient registry to track the outcomes of organ transplant recipients does not exist. As knowledge gleaned from large registries has already led to the creation of standards of care that gained widespread support from patients and healthcare providers, the European Union initiated a project that would enable the ...
Ostern Atle Einar - - 2012
Purpose:  To assess preoperative features, frequency, surgical approaches and outcomes of late in-the-bag dislocation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Methods:  Seventy-seven patients (81 eyes) were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were patients with pre-existing pseudoexfoliation syndrome who underwent surgery for late in-the-bag IOL dislocation between March ...
Xuefei D - - 2012
Lyme disease and rickettsioses are two common diseases in China. However, the concomitant occurrence of both diseases in a single individual has been reported infrequently in literature. We reported three related female patients admitted at Beijing Ditan Hospital from October to December 2010. They had similar epidemiological histories. At the ...
Porrett Liesel - - 2012
Introduction: The benefits to women of having their male partners present during labor and birth have been well documented, but the effects on men of sharing the birth experience have been less well explored. Several studies have suggested that male partners' positive experiences at this time may benefit partner and ...
Chikka Madhusudana R MR Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine,Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2013
The unfolded protein response (UPR) senses stress in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and initiates signal transduction cascades that culminate in changes to gene regulation. Long recognized as a means for improving ER protein folding through up-regulation of ER chaperones, the UPR is increasingly recognized to play a role in the ...
Ostern Atle Einar - - 2012
Purpose:  To assess long-term positioning of posterior chamber intraocular lenses within the capsular bag in eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Methods:  The study includes 44 patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and 85 age-matched controls, who underwent cataract surgery in 2001 and 2002 at the Eye Department, Oslo University Hospital. In 2008, all ...
Suhhova Anna - - 2012
This study is aimed at evaluating the effect of microwave radiation on human brain bioelectric activity at different levels of exposure. For this purpose, 450 MHz microwave exposure modulated at 40 Hz frequency was applied to a group of 15 healthy volunteers at two different specific absorption rate (SAR) levels: a higher ...
Lantz M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Migraine, especially migraine with aura, has been described to be associated with an increased risk for ischemic stroke. An increased incidence of silent lesions in the posterior circulation has also been described. METHOD: Six cases with migraine and stroke in close relation over time were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: All ...
Rick Ferenc G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) affects aging men. Combined therapy with antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH or GnRH) induces prostate shrinkage in rat models. We investigated the mechanisms of action of this combination on cell cycle traverse and expression of prostatic genes. METHODS: ...
Verma Sandeep - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Confirmatory diagnosis of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is primarily based on invasive skin biopsy procedure. We evaluated the utility of minimally invasive slit aspirate specimen for serological and molecular diagnosis of PKDL. We compared the PKDL diagnosis using slit aspirate and skin biopsy specimens from the same patients. METHODS: ...
Antonucci V A - - 2012
Background  Recent findings have shown that psoriasis is frequently associated with atherosclerosis. Intima-media thickness (IMT) is a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis damage. Psoriasis patients had impaired endothelial function and thicker IMT of the carotid artery, compared with the healthy control subjects. Objectives  The aim of our study is to evaluate ...
Leimgruber Carolina - - 2012
Prostate smooth muscle cells (pSMCs) are capable of responding to inflammatory stimuli by secreting proinflammatory products, which causes pSMCs to undergo dedifferentiation. Although it has been proposed that androgens decrease proinflammatory molecules in many cells and under various conditions, the role of testosterone in the prostate inflammatory microenvironment is still ...
Deyell Rebecca J RJ Division of Oncology, Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant, British Columbia Children's Hospital and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2013
Although survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult (AYA) cancer are at risk for late psychological sequelae, it is unclear if they are more likely to be prescription antidepressant users than their peers. All 5-year survivors of childhood or AYA cancer diagnosed before age 25 years in British Columbia from ...
Taylor Bonnie E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of human breast carcinoma micrometastases in bone marrow is associated with poor overall survival, poor breast-cancer-specific survival, poor disease-free survival, and poor distant disease-free survival. In veterinary practice, the detection of micrometastases as a component of clinical staging is a routine practice for lymphomas and mast cell ...
Humphries Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Q-switched laser therapy is commonly used for the removal of tattoos. However, despite ever increasing demand for this intervention, a better understanding of the mechanisms that result in pigment reduction is required in order to optimise outcomes and reduce the number of treatment episodes. STUDY DESIGN: A ...
Adam Soheir S - - 2012
The complex pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) is remarkably similar to that observed in other chronic vascular diseases and involves multiple biologic pathways triggered by ischemia reperfusion injury, coagulation activation, and inflammation. Statins are potent lipid-lowering agents commonly used to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Independent of their ...
Costello Sadie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) has been associated with particulate matter (PM) from air pollution. Yet evidence of increased risk associated with higher workplace exposures is scant. METHODS: We examined the exposure-response relationship between IHD mortality and PM(3.5) (<3.5 µm diameter) from current and cumulative exposure to straight ...
Lu J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to explore the underlying mechanism of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)-caused cell proliferation of rumen epithelium in goats fed a high metabolizable energy (ME) diet. In this study, young goats were fed either a low ME [LL, n = 9, ME: 0.57 MJ/kg(0.75) /day] or high ME ...
Vibert Eric - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Macroscopic portal vein invasion complicating hepatocellular carcinoma in the setting of cirrhosis is associated with a very low survival. To prevent the malignant progression from a portal branch to the main portal trunk, we have placed noncovered metallic stents extending from the portal trunk to the contralateral ...
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