Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2817
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Wu Jianhuang - - 2012
Both TWIST and Wnt/β-catenin signaling reportedly play important roles in osteosarcoma development. In the present study, we explored the regulatory effect of TWIST on β-catenin in osteosarcoma cells and assessed how the functional interaction between TWIST and β-catenin would impact osteosarcoma cell survival against chemotherapy agent cisplatin. Overexpression and knockdown ...
Gutierrez Rosa Martha Perez - - 2012
Objetive:Piper has been used for long timelike condiment and food, but also in traditional medicine around of the world. This work resumes the available and up to date work done on members of the Piperaceae family and their uses for therapeutic purposes. Methods:InformationonPiper genus was gathered via internet using scientific ...
Rieken Malte - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Preclinical studies suggest an increased vaporization rate and speed of the 532 nm 180-W XPS GreenLight laser (180-W) compared with the 120-W HPS GreenLight laser (120-W) and the 80-W PV GreenLight laser (80-W). To test the clinical relevance of this observation we analyzed intraoperative data and early postoperative ...
Batsali Aristea K - - 2012
In the recent years there seems to be an unbounded interest concerning mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This is mainly attributed to their exciting characteristics including long-term ex vivo proliferation, multilineage potential and immunomodulatory properties. In this regard MSCs emerge as attractive candidates for various therapeutic applications. MSCs were originally isolated ...
Shiomi Homare - - 2012
AIMS: The present study investigated the role of the Rho-kinase (ROK) pathway in the maintenance of bladder tone during the storage phase, and its effects on bladder compliance. METHODS: Muscle strips from isolated rat bladder (detrusor strips) were used to evaluate the effects of the ROK inhibitors Y-27632 and HA-1077 ...
Chen Chun-Liang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prostate tumors shed circulating tumor cells (CTCs) into the blood stream. Increased evidence shows that CTCs are often present in metastatic prostate cancer and can be alternative sources for disease profiling and prognostication. Here we postulate that CTCs expressing genes related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) are strong predictors of ...
Issa Maria Cláudia Almeida - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) treatment still remains a therapeutic challenge to dermatologists. Ablative fractional laser and radiofrequency (RF) enhance skin-drug permeability for SD treatment. OBJECTIVE: To clinically evaluate the efficacy and safety as well as patient's satisfaction in relation to a method using ablative fractional RF associated with retinoic acid ...
Staer-Jensen Jette - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate intra- and inter-rater reliability when diagnosing major defects, and inter-rater reliability of diagnosing minor defects and muscle thickness of the pubovisceral muscle in primiparous women 6 weeks after vaginal delivery, using 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound. METHODS: Forty primiparous women were assessed using 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound. Volumes were acquired ...
Li Guang-Yi - - 2012
Leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma gel (L-PRP gel), a new autologous product which was previously utilized in several surgical procedures to enhance tissue healing, is now increasingly used as a promising treatment method for infections. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial property of L-PRP gel against Methicillin-resistive Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, ...
Timmermans Luc - - 2012
AIMS: A urinary incontinence impairment rating must be a highly accurate, non-invasive exploration of the condition using International Classification of Functioning (ICF)-based assessment tools. The objective of this study was to identify the best evaluation test and to determine an impairment rating model of urinary incontinence. METHODS: In performing a ...
Imamura Tetsuya - - 2012
AIMS: We determined if THC-002, a galenical produced from Ba-Wei-Die-Huang-Wan, could increase skin temperature and inhibit detrusor overactivity induced by sudden whole body cooling. Further, we determined if THC-002 could decrease expression of transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) channels associated with the cold responses. METHODS: Hind leg skin temperature ...
Hardinger Karen L - - 2012
Currently available immunosuppressive agents can be classified into three categories: induction agents, maintenance therapy, and treatment for rejection. This review article will focus on induction immunosuppression. There are three antibodies which are used for induction therapy: the lymphocyte-depleting agents - anti-thymocyte globulin and alemtuzumab, and basiliximab which is nondepleting. Historically, ...
Lee Ryan K L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pathological fracture is an uncommon presentation in patients with long bone osteosarcoma. PROCEDURES: We retrospectively reviewed the database of all patients with histologically proven osteosarcoma under the age of 18 years from 1991 to 2011 in a tertiary pediatric oncology referral center. Five patients with pathological fractures as the ...
Camalier Corinne E - - 2012
Recent studies have suggested that changes in serum phosphate levels influence pathological states associated with aging such as cancer, bone metabolism, and cardiovascular function, even in individuals with normal renal function. The causes are only beginning to be elucidated but are likely a combination of endocrine, paracrine, autocrine, and cell ...
Ostern Atle Einar - - 2012
Purpose:  To assess preoperative features, frequency, surgical approaches and outcomes of late in-the-bag dislocation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Methods:  Seventy-seven patients (81 eyes) were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were patients with pre-existing pseudoexfoliation syndrome who underwent surgery for late in-the-bag IOL dislocation between March ...
Xuefei D - - 2012
Lyme disease and rickettsioses are two common diseases in China. However, the concomitant occurrence of both diseases in a single individual has been reported infrequently in literature. We reported three related female patients admitted at Beijing Ditan Hospital from October to December 2010. They had similar epidemiological histories. At the ...
Porrett Liesel - - 2012
Introduction: The benefits to women of having their male partners present during labor and birth have been well documented, but the effects on men of sharing the birth experience have been less well explored. Several studies have suggested that male partners' positive experiences at this time may benefit partner and ...
Skapek Stephen X - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Desmoid fibromatosis (desmoid tumor, DT) is a soft tissue neoplasm prone to recurrence despite complete surgical resection. Numerous small retrospective reports suggest that non-cytotoxic chemotherapy using tamoxifen and sulindac may be effective for DT. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of tamoxifen and sulindac in a prospective phase II ...
Andrew Bronwyn P - - 2012
AIM: This study was undertaken to investigate whether female pelvic organ prolapse repair changes levator hiatal biometry. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and translabial ultrasound volume data of women who underwent prolapse surgery at a tertiary urogynaecological unit between March 2005 and April 2009. Data sets of 81 women were ...
Johannsen Katrine Helle - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High-dose cytarabine has been associated with a high frequency of viridans group streptococcal (VGS) bacteraemia. VGS bacteraemia causes considerable morbidity and mortality. The Nordic Society of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology (NOPHO)-AML protocols use higher cumulated doses of cytarabine and more chemotherapy series (n = 6) than other protocols with the potential ...
Bergthorsson Jon Thor - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Development of epithelial organs depends on interaction between the epithelium and the underlying mesenchyme including the vasculature. The aim of this study was to explore the morphogenic effect of endothelial cells on prostate epithelial cell lines in 3D culture and to establish an in vitro model for prostate branching ...
Smits Jacqueline M - - 2012
A European patient registry to track the outcomes of organ transplant recipients does not exist. As knowledge gleaned from large registries has already led to the creation of standards of care that gained widespread support from patients and healthcare providers, the European Union initiated a project that would enable the ...
McDaniel Barbara Jane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Small hematology analyzers for veterinary practices improve point-of-care diagnostic testing for companion animals. Validation of these instruments is needed to ensure the accuracy of results. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to validate the Celltac alpha hematology analyzer for feline and canine blood samples. METHODS: Canine and feline blood samples were ...
Verma Sandeep - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Confirmatory diagnosis of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is primarily based on invasive skin biopsy procedure. We evaluated the utility of minimally invasive slit aspirate specimen for serological and molecular diagnosis of PKDL. We compared the PKDL diagnosis using slit aspirate and skin biopsy specimens from the same patients. METHODS: ...
Antonucci V A - - 2012
Background  Recent findings have shown that psoriasis is frequently associated with atherosclerosis. Intima-media thickness (IMT) is a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis damage. Psoriasis patients had impaired endothelial function and thicker IMT of the carotid artery, compared with the healthy control subjects. Objectives  The aim of our study is to evaluate ...
Klempa Boris - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the public health relevance of Lassa arenavirus and hantavirus infections in a subpopulation of recently febrile patients. METHODS: In a human seroprevalence study, we enrolled 253 participants on the basis of reported high fever during the last 3 months. They represented roughly 20% of the population of Bantou ...
Charlet Jessica - - 2012
Tumor suppressor genes such as RASSF1A are often epigenetically repressed by DNA hypermethylation in neuroblastoma, where the MYCN proto-oncogene is frequently amplified. MYC has been shown to associate with DNA methyltransferases, thereby inducing transcriptional repression of target genes, which suggested that MYCN might play a similar mechanistic role in the ...
Sung Lillian - - 2012
Decision making in pediatric cancer is particularly difficult. There may be uncertainty about prognosis, and long-term survival estimates from trials may not be applicable to current patients. There are many motivations to conduct research into patient and provider decision making. This review discusses three approaches to understanding decision making, namely ...
Leimgruber Carolina - - 2012
Prostate smooth muscle cells (pSMCs) are capable of responding to inflammatory stimuli by secreting proinflammatory products, which causes pSMCs to undergo dedifferentiation. Although it has been proposed that androgens decrease proinflammatory molecules in many cells and under various conditions, the role of testosterone in the prostate inflammatory microenvironment is still ...
Deyell Rebecca J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult (AYA) cancer are at risk for late psychological sequelae, it is unclear if they are more likely to be prescription antidepressant users than their peers. PROCEDURE: All 5-year survivors of childhood or AYA cancer diagnosed before age 25 years in British ...
Taylor Bonnie E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of human breast carcinoma micrometastases in bone marrow is associated with poor overall survival, poor breast-cancer-specific survival, poor disease-free survival, and poor distant disease-free survival. In veterinary practice, the detection of micrometastases as a component of clinical staging is a routine practice for lymphomas and mast cell ...
Humphries Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Q-switched laser therapy is commonly used for the removal of tattoos. However, despite ever increasing demand for this intervention, a better understanding of the mechanisms that result in pigment reduction is required in order to optimise outcomes and reduce the number of treatment episodes. STUDY DESIGN: A ...
Nagappa M - - 2012
PURPOSE: We describe the clinical, neuroimaging and pathological features and therapeutic outcome in a large cohort of 39 patients with tumefactive demyelination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit of 39 patients with 'tumefactive demyelination' was performed. The demographic, clinical, MR imaging and pathological details were reviewed. RESULTS: The clinical course ...
Kemeny Steven Frank - - 2012
Cell adhesion strength is important to cell survival, proliferation, migration, and mechanotransduction, yet changes in endothelial cell adhesion strength have not yet been examined in diseases such as diabetes with high rates of cardiovascular complications. We therefore investigated porcine aortic endothelial cell adhesion strength on native and glycated collagen-coated substrates ...
Liu N - - 2012
The B*13:18 allele differs from the most closely matching allele B*13:02:01 by one nucleotide substitution in exon 3, at position 539.
Niedźwiedź Artur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Establishment of reference intervals (RI) for serum biochemical analytes is important for monitoring the health of different breeds of horses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure and report RI for serum biochemical analytes of the Polish Konik horse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from ...
Wei Na - - 2012
Glucocorticoids (GCs) potentially regulate the proliferation, differentiation, and premature senescence of bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). In the present study we investigated the effects mediated by endogenous GCs and the effects of an antagonist of the glucocorticoid receptor, RU486, on the proliferative and differentiation capabilities of MSCs using an ...
Silverberg Jesse L - - 2012
Articular cartilage has well known depth-dependent structure and has recently been shown to have similarly non-uniform depth-dependent mechanical properties. Here, we study anatomic variation of the depth-dependent shear modulus and energy dissipation rate in neonatal bovine knees. The regions we specifically focus on are the patellofemoral groove, trochlea, femoral condyle, ...
Divincenti Louis L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) is a long-lived freshwater fish distributed throughout the Great Lakes region and is a threatened species in New York State. The species' unique life cycle makes it useful as an indicator of ecosystem health, and efforts to repatriate Lake Sturgeon to their historic range are ...
Bouvy J C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of endovascular treatment against intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) when varying assumptions concerning its effectiveness. METHODS: We developed a health economic model including a hypothetical population consisting of patients with ischemic stroke, admitted within 4.5 h from onset, without contraindications for IVT or intra-arterial treatment (IAT). A decision ...
Park Hae Jin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To analyze treatment outcomes and patterns of recurrence, and to examine the impact of adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) after esophagectomy in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) regarding the status of circumferential resection margin (CRM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of esophageal cancer patients operated in Seoul ...
Cai Quan-Yu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Development of high affinity and specificity molecular imaging probes that increase accuracy for early detection of lymph node (LN) metastases is important for improving survivorship in prostate cancer. We evaluated the specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of fluorescence-labeled bombesin (BBN) peptides to detect LN and systematic metastases in orthotopic mouse ...
Chen Qingsong - - 2012
To research the effect of 27.2 MHz radiofrequency radiation on electrocardiograms (ECG), 225 female workers operating radiofrequency machines at a shoe factory were chosen as the exposure group and 100 female workers without exposure from the same factory were selected as the control group. The 6 min electric field strength that the ...
Geigy Caroline - - 2012
A 12-year-old, spayed female, mixed-breed dog was presented for acute hematuria, stranguria, polyuria, and polydipsia, as well as lameness for 8 days. Previous medical history included treatment for infection with Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Leishmania infantum, and Dirofilaria immitis 6.5 years prior to presentation. Besides persistently increased antibody titers to E canis and ...
Khoshgoo Naghmeh - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a large group of small (∼22 nucleotides), non-coding RNA sequences that are highly conserved among animals, plants and microorganisms, suggesting that microRNAs represent a highly conserved and important regulatory mechanism. They have been demonstrated to play an important role in gene regulation. Recently, miRNAs have become a ...
Grützner Niels - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A recent genome-wide scan using the canine minimal screening set 2 (MSS-2) showed that cobalamin deficiency appears to be hereditary in Chinese Shar Peis and is linked to the microsatellite markers DTR13.6 and REN13N11 on canine chromosome 13. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the MYC_CANFA ...
Tsuruhara Aki - - 2012
To examine young infants' sensitivity to a pictorial depth cue, we compared monocular and binocular preferential looking to objects of which depth was specified by height-in-the-picture-plane. For adults, this cue generates the perception that a lower object is closer than a higher object. This study showed that 4- and 5-month-old ...
Dunbar Mark D - - 2012
An 11-year-old, castrated male, Domestic Medium Hair cat was presented to the University of Florida Small Animal Hospital with a 2-week history of upper respiratory infection and increased serum globulins, as reported by the referring veterinarian. Physical examination was unremarkable other than melanosis of the left iris, with no evidence ...
Saksida Tamara - - 2012
Beta cell apoptosis is a hallmark of diabetes. Since we have previously shown that galectin-3 deficient (LGALS3(-/-) ) mice are relatively resistant to diabetes induction, the aim of this study was to examine whether beta cell apoptosis depends on the presence of galectin-3 and to delineate the underlying mechanism. Deficiency ...
Secolin Rodrigo - - 2012
Genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis, as well as our own previous family-based association results, have pointed to chromosome (ch) 3p22.3 and 3p21.1 as candidate regions to contain a susceptibility gene for bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). In the present study, we further refined the region of interest on ch 3p22.3. We ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >