Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1606
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Yang Huijun - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary taurine, as a feed additive, on the hypoxia-tolerance and growth performance of the juvenile grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus, one of the most important and intensively cultured freshwater fish, with the largest production in China. Graded levels of taurine (0, 0.5, ...
Gonzalez-Perez Alfredo - - 2013
In this review, changes in aggregation induced by thermodynamic parameters, namely concentration and temperature are discussed. Most of these changes are concerned with sphere-to-rod transitions. On the other hand, the use of an external trigger such as light can induce large aggregation changes in photosurfactant systems. This is discussed in ...
Lang Xiao-E - - 2013
Myocardial infarction is responsible for most cardiovascular mortality as well as the pathogenesis of myocardial damage during and after infarction. Efforts are underway to modulate the development of ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Recently, the protective effect of isoflurane against myocardial I-R injury emerged as a possibility. Nitric oxide, nitric oxide synthases, factors ...
Hsu Raymond Y - - 2013
Heel ulcers are a costly and preventable complication of lower-extremity immobilization, but they still occur with some regularity. A technique using a short leg posterior splint that suspends the heel away from the splint is described. This modification completely removes pressure the heel to prevent decubitus ulcer formation. This technique ...
Rodella Luigi Fabrizio - - 2013
Several pathological conditions, including hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, ischemia/reperfusion injury and nicotine-induced vasculopathy, are associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction characterized by altered secretory output of endothelial cells. Therefore there is a search for molecules and interventions that could restore endothelial function, in particular augmenting NO production, reducing the generation of free ...
Fang Wanping - - 2013
One 1.2 kbp long sequence was cloned by using PCR with primers that were designed from cDNA sequence of CsH1 gene (Genbank: EU716314) from tea plant (Camellia sinensis). According to the 1.2 kbp sequence, a 0.6 kbp sequence was isolated from tea plant genomic DNA using DNA Walking Method. Sequence analysis revealed that ...
Park Misun M Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA. - - 2013
Myocyte apoptosis is considered a major mechanism in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Accordingly, manipulations that inhibit apoptosis are assumed to preserve cardiac function by maintaining myocyte numbers. We tested this assumption by examining the effects of caspase inhibition (CI) on cardiac structure and function in C57BL/6 mouse with pressure ...
Marlar Richard A - - 2013
Context.-Monitoring of unfractionated heparin therapy by activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) using the ex vivo method for determining the aPTT-based heparin therapeutic range (HTR) is the standard of practice. Many intrinsic and extrinsic factors influence its accuracy. Objective.-To investigate the optimum number and types of samples acceptable for an accurate ...
Gulyani Seema - - 2013
Over the past 10 years, significant strides have been made in therapeutics for sleep disorders. In this second installment of a two-part review series, we discuss the current evidence surrounding the mechanisms of actions, indications, efficacy, and adverse side effects associated with the current over-the-counter and pharmacotherapeutics for hypersomnia, parasomnias, ...
Fanjul-Moles Maria Luisa - - 2013
This work reviews concepts regarding the endogenous circadian clock and the relationship between oxidative stress (OS), light and entrainment in different organisms including crustaceans, particularly crayfish. In the first section, the molecular control of circadian rhythms in invertebrates, particularly in Drosophila, is reviewed, and this model is contrasted with recent ...
Li Xinning - - 2013
Subscapularis tendon tears are a well-established cause of shoulder pain. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the associated shoulder pathology in patients with full-thickness subscapularis tendon tears using magnetic resonance imaging. Forty-seven magnetic resonance imaging studies taken between 2008 and 2009 with a diagnosis of full-thickness subscapularis ...
Creeke Paul I - - 2013
Biopharmaceuticals are drugs which are based on naturally occurring proteins (antibodies, receptors, cytokines, enzymes, toxins), nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) or attenuated microorganisms. Immunogenicity of these agents has been commonly described and refers to a specific antidrug antibody response. Such immunogenicity represents a major factor impairing the efficacy of biopharmaceuticals due ...
Shen Ping - - 2013
B cells can contribute to immunity through production of antibodies, presentation of antigen to T cells, and secretion of cytokines. B cell activation can result in various outcomes for the host. In general B cell responses are beneficial during infections, and deleterious during autoimmune diseases. However, B cells can also ...
Shavrukov Yuri - - 2013
In cereals, a common salinity tolerance mechanism is to limit accumulation of Na(+) in the shoot. In a cross between the barley variety Barque-73 (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) and the accession CPI-71284 of wild barley (H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum), the HvNax3 locus on chromosome 7H was found to determine a ...
López Marisol - - 2013
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A4 (UGT1A4) is a phase II drug-metabolizing enzyme that catalyzes the glucuronidation of many clinically-important drugs. Interethnic differences in the genetic polymorphism of UGT1A4 have been reported; however, there is no information in Mexican Mestizos (MMs) and Spaniards (SPs). Furthermore, MM is an admixed population with 26 % of Caucasian ...
Shukrimi Awang B - - 2013
The growth plate has a limited self-healing capacity. Fractures sustained to the growth plate of young children could cause growth disturbances like angular deformity or growth arrest. Established therapies for injured physis only address related complications. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells which are capable of differentiating into various ...
Liaudet Lucas - - 2013
Over the past two decades, inflammation has emerged as a key pathophysiological process during myocardial infarction. It develops consecutively to the activation of innate immune defense mechanisms, in response to the release of endogenous molecules by necrotic cells and the extracellular matrix. These danger signals are sensed by cellular receptors ...
Jiang Yun - - 2013
The tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101) encodes a multidomain protein that contains a UEV (ubiquitin e2 variant) domain at is N-terminus and a putative DNA-binding motif at its C-terminus. In addition to being a bona fide component of the ESCRT (endosomal sorting complexes required for transport) complex 1 and playing a critical ...
Anforth Rachael R Department of Dermatology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, - - 2013
The RAF inhibitors vemurafenib and dabrafenib are emerging as the standard of care for Val600 BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma. These drugs have shown clinical benefit over the standard care (dacarbazine); however, they are associated with frequent cutaneous adverse events, which can be concerning to the patient and their physician. Herein, we ...
Regberg Jakob - - 2013
The field of gene therapy is starting to move towards clinical applications but is currently limited by the lack of efficient delivery systems. Cell-penetrating peptides provide a means of cellular delivery for gene therapy applications as well as delivery of traditional drugs. Using cell-penetrating peptides a range of different cargos ...
Forlenza Orestes Vicente - - 2013
In bipolar disorder (BD), impaired cognition has long been described as a psychopathological feature of abnormal mood states, or accepted as treatment related side-effects. More recently, neuropsychological studies conducted in older adults have led to the recognition that enduring, irreversible cognitive changes do occur in substantial proportion of euthymic patients ...
Tajbakhsh Shahragim S Stem Cells and Development, Department of Developmental & Stem Cell Biology, CNRS URA 2578, Pasteur Institute, 25 rue du Dr. Roux, 75015, Paris, France. - - 2013
Why stem cell numbers decline with age is a major question in regenerative biology and medicine. Skeletal muscle has emerged as a powerful paradigm to address this issue. Recently, genetic and cell marking strategies were used to uncover a new and causal relationship between muscle stem cells and differentiated fibers ...
Mohamed Faten Zahran - - 2013
Recent studies have identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the population that are associated with variations in the risks of many different cancer diseases. For ovarian cancer, the known highly penetrant susceptibility genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) are probably responsible for only 40 % of the excess familial ovarian cancer risks, ...
Hoffmann Werner - - 2013
The mammalian gastric mucosa and its glands are both of endodermal origin and together represent a tight barrier to the outside world. Here, two types of gastric units form homeostatic systems, i.e. fundic and antral units, showing continual bi-directional self-renewal via differentiation from stem and progenitor cells. This review describes ...
Culig Zoran - - 2013
The role of suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 and -1 has been investigated in various cancers. These proteins have been identified as endogenous controllers of activation of Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription factors pathway factors under physiological conditions and in disease. SOCS-3 expression is lost in several cancers ...
Smith Maxwell L - - 2013
Context.-Growing evidence has demonstrated a high frequency of quality gaps in laboratory medicine, with recent studies estimating that 15% to 54% of primary care medical errors reported by primary care physicians and staff are related to the testing process. However, there is lack of evidence-based performance metrics in the preanalytic ...
Liljeroos Lassi - - 2013
Matrix proteins are essential components of most negative-sense RNA, enveloped viruses. They serve a wide range of duties ranging from self-driven membrane budding and coordination of other viral components to modulation of viral transcription. The functional similarity between these proteins is striking, despite major differences in their structures. Whereas biochemical ...
Bascuas Iria - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis results in changes that affect balance. It has been reported that osteoarthritis worsens proprioception and increases the risk of falling. The objective of this study was to assess changes in balance among patients with knee osteoarthritis at 1 year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery and its relationship ...
Petersen Jens A - - 2013
Bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) may present with or without vertigo and hearing loss. Amongst the causes of BVL are vestibulotoxic antibiotics, autoimmune ear diseases, Menière's disease and meningitis. Clinical diagnosis of BVL is based on the result of three simple bedside tests: a positive head impulse test, reduced dynamic visual ...
Kumar Ashutosh - - 2013
Though stress is an integrated part of the modern life, defining stress in biological systems is difficult. Anxiety, medication, metabolic disorder, neuro-endocrinological abnormalities, immunological responses, neuro-immune interaction and several other internal and external factors are important which induce stress and pain in higher organisms. Stress and pain are often synonymous ...
Amerini Andrea Luigi - - 2013
Currently, there are no fully developed interventional approaches for the treatment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of orthotopic interventional placement of a biological prosthetic valve in the tricuspid position by inserting, with a transvenous approach, a self-expandable valve-bearing stent into the ...
van der Sande Masha T - - 2013
Lianas are an important component of Neotropical forests, where evidence suggests that they are increasing in abundance and biomass. Lianas are especially abundant in seasonally dry tropical forests, and as such it has been hypothesized that they are better adapted to drought, or that they are at an advantage under ...
Dashti-Khavidaki Simin - - 2013
Background Compared with the general population, hemodialysis patients suffer from worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Poor HRQoL results in the higher risk of hospitalization and mortality. Objective This study was designed to assess the impact of pharmaceutical care on HRQoL of hemodialysis patients. Setting This study was performed in ...
Sun Quanye - - 2013
EGCG is one of the major catechins in green tea. In this study, we investigated the novel regulatory mechanism of EGCG on amelioration of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The data showed that EGCG reduced disease severity in EAE by decreasing brain inflammation and demyelination damage, accompanied by decreased encephalitogenic T ...
Meredith Jay Russell - - 2013
The unique physical, chemical and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes make them attractive for a variety of biomedical applications. Carbon nanotubes have been used to modify conventional biomedical materials to enhance mechanical properties, biocompatibility, or to impart other functionalities. New multifunctional composite materials using carbon nanotubes have been developed by ...
Miyazaki Toshiki - - 2013
Several ceramics exhibit specific biological affinity, i.e. direct bone integration, when implanted in bony defects. They are called bioactive ceramics and utilized as important bone substitutes. However, there is limitation on clinical application, because of their inappropriate mechanical properties such as high Young's modulus and low fracture toughness. Novel bioactive ...
Prasath Gopalan Sriram - - 2013
Persistent hyperglycemia is associated with chronic oxidative stress which contributes to the development and progression of diabetes-associated complications. The sensitivity of pancreatic β-cells to oxidative stress has been attributed to their low content of antioxidants compared with other tissues. Bioactive compounds with potent antidiabetic properties have been shown to ameliorate ...
Macdonald Patrick P Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2013
Brightness analysis provides a powerful tool for the study of protein interactions both in solution and in living cells. We provide a brief survey of some widely used techniques for extracting brightness from fluorescent fluctuation spectroscopy experiments. While all the techniques are equivalent under ideal conditions, we touch upon their ...
Citro Simona - - 2013
Although sharing a common conjugation pathway, SUMO1, SUMO2/3 and SUMO4 seem to play preferential roles in the cell. Recently, many regulatory mechanisms contributing to SUMO paralogs specific modification have emerged. SUMO enzymes can discriminate between SUMO paralogs at both conjugation and deconjugation levels. Moreover, many substrates possess characteristics that promote ...
Hoffman Lucas R LR Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. - - 2013
A great deal of excitement and hope has followed the successful trials and US Food and Drug Administration approval of the drug ivacaftor (Kalydeco), the first therapy available that targets the underlying defect that causes cystic fibrosis (CF). Although this drug has currently demonstrated a clinical benefit for a small ...
Wang Taiji - - 2013
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may have permanent stunting effects on muscle growth and development of the progeny. However, underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Recent studies comparing muscle fiber development and proteomes in IUGR and normal-body-weight (NBW) fetal pigs indicated that muscle fiber diameter were smaller in IUGR fetal pigs than ...
Harris Joshua D - - 2013
Rotationplasty involves wide resection of lower-extremity malignancy and approximately 180° rotation of the tibia to allow the ankle to function similarly to the former knee joint. It is most commonly used for sarcomas around the knee, such as the distal femur and proximal tibia, in adolescent and young adult patients ...
Busby Danielle R - - 2013
African American adolescents are exposed disproportionately to community violence, increasing their risk for emotional and behavioral symptoms that can detract from learning and undermine academic outcomes. The present study examined whether aggressive behavior and depressive and anxious symptoms mediated the association between exposure to community violence and academic functioning, and ...
Hemphill Andrew - - 2013
Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan parasite that is capable of infecting, a wide range of tissues. The fact that Neospora represents an important abortion-causing parasite in cattle has transformed neosporosis research from an earlier, rather esoteric field, to a significant research topic, and considerable investments have been made in the last years to ...
Thoth Candace A - - 2013
Self-disclosure of serostatus by youth who are HIV-positive has been considered an important objective for preventing transmission and can have positive outcomes including enhancement of social support. This paper reviews the literature on self-disclosure. Several findings are consistent with the literature in adults, including the influence of gender, lower likelihood ...
Rey R - - 2013
There are two main approaches to unraveling the mechanisms involved in the regulation of collective cell movement. On the one hand, "in vitro" tests try to represent "in vivo" conditions. On the other hand, "in silico" tests aim to model this movement through the use of complex numerically implemented mathematical ...
Bhatt Vaibhav D - - 2013
Rumen microorganisms play an important role in ruminant digestion and absorption of nutrients and have great potential applications in the field of rumen adjusting, food fermentation and biomass utilization etc. In order to investigate the composition of microorganisms in the rumen of camel (Camelus dromedarius), this study delves in the ...
Schirmer Birgitta - - 2013
We discuss methodological aspects of the computation of structures and energies of three common FLPs which are able to activate dihydrogen under ambient conditions. The effect of London dispersion corrections by the DFT-D3 scheme and solvent as well as rovibrational corrections to yield free reaction enthalpies in solutions are described. ...
Montoya-Estrada Araceli - - 2013
During Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) progression, the intracellular antioxidant defence in RBCs must preserve the integrity of the plasmalemma through NADPH+ generation to obtain a sufficient number of reduced non-protein SH-groups. Here, we studied the activities of enzymes in RBCs that are related to glutathione metabolism under conditions of increasing ...
Petriella Daniela - - 2013
The discovery of new target treatments for NSCLC has led to a search for new genetic and epigenetic markers able to selectively predict response to these new drugs. Somatic mutations in EGFR and KRAS genes are routinely analyzed to predict response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), used in the treatment ...
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