Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1591
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kibler W Ben - - 2013
In the 10 years since the current concept series entitled "The Disabled Throwing Shoulder: Spectrum of Pathology" was conceived and written, many studies have been reported that add much more information to the understanding of the disabled throwing shoulder (DTS). The editors of Arthroscopy and the authors of the original ...
Huang Yong - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of 18-27-nucleotides single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. It has been demonstrated that miRNAs regulate a variety of physiological functions, including development, cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. There are growing evidence showed that miRNAs can affect the genesis and development ...
Lazarev Vassili N - - 2013
Antichlamydial activity of cyto-insectotoxin 1a (CIT 1a), representative of a unique class of antimicrobial peptides from the venom of the Central Asian spider Lachesana tarabaevi, was studied. A plasmid vector expressing the cit 1a gene controlled by a human cytomegalovirus tetracycline-dependent promoter was constructed. Impressive inhibition of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in HEK ...
Matta Csaba - - 2013
Undifferentiated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent an important source for cell-based tissue regeneration techniques that require differentiation towards specific lineages, including chondrocytes. Chondrogenesis, the process by which committed mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondrocytes, is controlled by complex but not yet completely understood mechanisms that involve many components, including intracellular signalling ...
Meredith Jay Russell - - 2013
The unique physical, chemical and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes make them attractive for a variety of biomedical applications. Carbon nanotubes have been used to modify conventional biomedical materials to enhance mechanical properties, biocompatibility, or to impart other functionalities. New multifunctional composite materials using carbon nanotubes have been developed by ...
Miyazaki Toshiki - - 2013
Several ceramics exhibit specific biological affinity, i.e. direct bone integration, when implanted in bony defects. They are called bioactive ceramics and utilized as important bone substitutes. However, there is limitation on clinical application, because of their inappropriate mechanical properties such as high Young's modulus and low fracture toughness. Novel bioactive ...
Prasath Gopalan Sriram - - 2013
Persistent hyperglycemia is associated with chronic oxidative stress which contributes to the development and progression of diabetes-associated complications. The sensitivity of pancreatic β-cells to oxidative stress has been attributed to their low content of antioxidants compared with other tissues. Bioactive compounds with potent antidiabetic properties have been shown to ameliorate ...
Citro Simona - - 2013
Although sharing a common conjugation pathway, SUMO1, SUMO2/3 and SUMO4 seem to play preferential roles in the cell. Recently, many regulatory mechanisms contributing to SUMO paralogs specific modification have emerged. SUMO enzymes can discriminate between SUMO paralogs at both conjugation and deconjugation levels. Moreover, many substrates possess characteristics that promote ...
Moyad Thomas F - - 2013
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum is a normal inhabitant of the upper respiratory tract and is rarely thought of as a true pathogen. Although this microorganism has been associated with respiratory complications, a few case reports have demonstrated its ability to cause orthopedic infections. A recent review of the literature was performed regarding ...
Finan Amanda - - 2013
Over the past decade the cardiovascular regenerative medicine field has made significant advances in our understanding and treatment of injured myocardium. Prior to stem cell therapy, available treatments for cardiovascular disease were unable to repair or regenerate the damaged heart. Stem cell therapy is increasingly becoming a viable option to ...
Stephan Douglas W - - 2013
The development and use of frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) as both stoichiometric and catalytic reductants for the hydrogenation of a variety of organic substrate is described.
Busch Jennifer L - - 2013
Ser-64, an autophosphorylation site in the autoinhibitory subdomain of cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I-alpha (PKGI-alpha), lowers affinity for cGMP and suppresses catalytic activity (1). Using the structure of homologous cAMP-dependent protein kinase as a model, three conserved residues (Gln-401, His-404, Cys-518) in the PKGI-alpha catalytic site are predicted to be ...
Ballerstein Kathrin - - 2013
Logical models for cellular signaling networks are recently attracting wide interest: Their ability to integrate qualitative information at different biological levels, from receptor-ligand interactions to gene-regulatory networks, is becoming essential for understanding complex signaling behavior. We present an overview of Boolean modeling paradigms and discuss in detail an approach based ...
Yoon Hyonok - - 2013
Case Acyclovir is a widely administered medication for viral infection but is well known for its nephrotoxicity. To date, few studies regarding the safety of alternative antiviral agents have been reported. This study reports the case of a patient with renal dysfunction who suffers from acute herpes zoster (shingles) on ...
O'Connor Owen Joseph - - 2013
Ovarian cancer is responsible for the largest proportion of deaths among patients with gynecologic cancer. This paper discusses fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) in the imaging of ovarian cancer. We discuss and demonstrate how FDG PET/CT can be used to appropriately guide clinical management decisions in patients with ovarian cancer. ...
Fujita Shuichi - - 2013
We aimed to investigate whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) attenuates angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced myocardial remodeling and to clarify the possible molecular mechanisms involved. Thirty-five 8-week-old male Wistar-Kyoto rats were divided into control, Ang II, Ang II + ANP, and ANP groups. The Ang II and Ang II + ANP ...
Cline Curtis R - - 2013
Military working dogs are often trained and/or work in locations where the potential for snake bites is increased. Knowledge of the local venomous snakes, the effects of their venom, and appropriate initial stabilization is essential for the US Army Veterinary Corps officer (VCO). As military practitioners, VCOs are uniquely situated ...
Wang Siyuan - - 2013
Bacteria derive and maintain a variety of shapes that carry selective benefits. The shapes are usually defined by a mechanically stiff exoskeletal cell wall -- a macro-molecular network of peptidoglycan. The growth of such a network is catalyzed by transglycosylases and transpeptidases, and various cell-wall remodeling enzymes further digest and ...
Zhu Yonggang - - 2013
Microdroplets are widely used for industrial applications such as food, drug, biotechnology and new materials. This review will summarise the key development in microdrop technologies, especially double-emulsion droplet technologies, with a focus on microchip-based techniques. For completeness, the key topics in single emulsion droplets such as generation, control and application ...
Bellinvia Giacomo - - 2013
Background: Upper blepharoplasty is a common aesthetic surgical procedure. Different surgical techniques and markings have been described, some of which may incorporate browpexy or browlifting. Considering the upper periorbital area as an aesthetic unit, various techniques of browpexy and browlifting have been taken into consideration. Objectives: The authors describe their ...
Kang Liangqi - - 2013
The optimal surgical approach for cervical disk disease remains a matter of debate, especially for multilevel disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of 2 surgical strategies for cervical disk disease involving 3 levels: hybrid constructs, artificial disk replacement combined with midlevel anterior cervical diskectomy and ...
Wong Chun-Ming - - 2013
Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC) is a major malignancy worldwide. Etiologically, hepatocarcinogenesis is closely associated with HBV and HCV infections; however, its underlying molecular mechanism is not completely understood. MicroRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression by interacting with the 3'UTR of protein-coding mRNA. ...
White Virginia C - - 2013
With the public health community and general population more concerned with influenza than ever before, it is important to explore all potential vectors for the next pandemic. Potential sources include pinnipeds (seals and sea lions). Between subsistence hunting, managed animals, and shared shoreline habitat, humans are more likely to interact ...
Glaros Trevor G - - 2013
Increasing clinical observations reveal that persistent low-grade inflammation is associated with the pathogenesis of severe chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, and aging-related neurological diseases. Intriguingly, low levels of circulating Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) appear to be one of the key culprits in provoking a non-resolving low-grade inflammation. Adverse ...
Drevelle Olivier - - 2013
Bone defects that cannot "heal spontaneously during life" will become an ever greater health problem as populations age. Harvesting autografts has several drawbacks, such as pain and morbidity at both donor and acceptor sites, the limited quantity of material available, and frequently its inappropriate shape. Researchers have therefore developed alternative ...
Harris Joshua D - - 2013
Rotationplasty involves wide resection of lower-extremity malignancy and approximately 180° rotation of the tibia to allow the ankle to function similarly to the former knee joint. It is most commonly used for sarcomas around the knee, such as the distal femur and proximal tibia, in adolescent and young adult patients ...
Busby Danielle R - - 2013
African American adolescents are exposed disproportionately to community violence, increasing their risk for emotional and behavioral symptoms that can detract from learning and undermine academic outcomes. The present study examined whether aggressive behavior and depressive and anxious symptoms mediated the association between exposure to community violence and academic functioning, and ...
Hemphill Andrew - - 2013
Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan parasite that is capable of infecting, a wide range of tissues. The fact that Neospora represents an important abortion-causing parasite in cattle has transformed neosporosis research from an earlier, rather esoteric field, to a significant research topic, and considerable investments have been made in the last years to ...
Thoth Candace A - - 2013
Self-disclosure of serostatus by youth who are HIV-positive has been considered an important objective for preventing transmission and can have positive outcomes including enhancement of social support. This paper reviews the literature on self-disclosure. Several findings are consistent with the literature in adults, including the influence of gender, lower likelihood ...
Rey R - - 2013
There are two main approaches to unraveling the mechanisms involved in the regulation of collective cell movement. On the one hand, "in vitro" tests try to represent "in vivo" conditions. On the other hand, "in silico" tests aim to model this movement through the use of complex numerically implemented mathematical ...
Bhatt Vaibhav D - - 2013
Rumen microorganisms play an important role in ruminant digestion and absorption of nutrients and have great potential applications in the field of rumen adjusting, food fermentation and biomass utilization etc. In order to investigate the composition of microorganisms in the rumen of camel (Camelus dromedarius), this study delves in the ...
Schirmer Birgitta - - 2013
We discuss methodological aspects of the computation of structures and energies of three common FLPs which are able to activate dihydrogen under ambient conditions. The effect of London dispersion corrections by the DFT-D3 scheme and solvent as well as rovibrational corrections to yield free reaction enthalpies in solutions are described. ...
Montoya-Estrada Araceli - - 2013
During Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) progression, the intracellular antioxidant defence in RBCs must preserve the integrity of the plasmalemma through NADPH+ generation to obtain a sufficient number of reduced non-protein SH-groups. Here, we studied the activities of enzymes in RBCs that are related to glutathione metabolism under conditions of increasing ...
Petriella Daniela - - 2013
The discovery of new target treatments for NSCLC has led to a search for new genetic and epigenetic markers able to selectively predict response to these new drugs. Somatic mutations in EGFR and KRAS genes are routinely analyzed to predict response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), used in the treatment ...
Hussein Islam T M - - 2013
Hantaviruses are zoonotic category-A pathogens that cause highly fatal diseases in humans. The hantaviral genome encodes three viral proteins: RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp or L protein), nucleocapsid protein (N), and a glycoprotein precursor (GPC), which is post-translationally cleaved into two surface glycoproteins Gn and Gc. The cytoplasmic tail of Gn interferes ...
Farrokhi Farhat - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Poor functional status is associated with reduced survival and poor outcomes in older dialysis patients. The Geriatric Nephrology Advisory Group recommends routine evaluation of functional status on all older patients; however, assessments can be time consuming and burdensome to clinical care providers. The objective of this study was to ...
de Franceschi Itiane Diehl - - 2013
Maple Syrup Urine Disease is an inborn error of metabolism caused by severe deficiency in the activity of branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex. Neurological disorder is common in patients with maple syrup urine disease. Although leucine is considered the main toxic metabolite, the mechanisms underlying the neuropathology of brain injury ...
Li Qiaoxin - - 2013
Steroid 5-α-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) V89L and A49T polymorphisms are thought to play a crucial role in the androgen synthesis and metabolic pathway, but their associations with prostate cancer risk remain controversial. To provide a more precise estimation of the associations between V89L and A49T polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk, ...
Selinski Silvia - - 2013
N-Acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) is the key enzyme in aromatic amine metabolism. NAT2 genotyping requires a subsequent determination of the haplotype pairs (formerly: alleles) to derive the acetylation status. The chromosomal phase of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is unclear for about 2/3 of the genotypes. We investigated NAT2 genotypes of 1,234 bladder cancer cases ...
Curlin Marija - - 2013
Structure of human cervical mucus plays a pivotal role in female fertility and protection of reproductive health. Investigation of biochemical and biophysical structure of cervical mucus remains a challenge due to complex structural proteins, high content of oligosaccharides and cyclic variability of its structure. We present the current knowledge on ...
Wildgoose Petra - - 2013
With the increasing popularity of cosmetic surgery procedures, preoperative psychological assessment of cosmetic surgery patients may improve outcomes by highlighting patient expectations and motivations, as well as by identifying those who may require psychological referral. In this article, the authors describe a systematic literature review to identify and evaluate current ...
Hwang Dae-Hee - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, computed tomography-based study was to investigate whether the press-fit technique reduces tunnel volume enlargement (TVE) and improves the clinical outcome after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction at a minimum follow-up of 1 year compared with conventional technique. Sixty-nine patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction using hamstring ...
Subramaniam Amudha - - 2013
Abnormalities of secondary sexual differentiation manifest in varying degrees depending upon the severity of the underlying cause. Primary amenorrhea in phenotypic females is caused by several different factors, including hormonal imbalance, nutritional deficiency and sex differentiation abnormalities. Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) accounts for a large proportion of such cases in ...
McCarthy Patti L - - 2013
MIER1 is a transcriptional regulator that exists as several isoforms. Of particular interest is the MIER1α isoform, which contains in its unique C-terminus an LXXLL motif for interaction with nuclear hormone receptors. Indeed, MIER1α has been shown to interact with ERα and inhibit estrogen-stimulated growth of breast carcinoma cells. Moreover, ...
Hesker Pamela Rose - - 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells were originally identified as lymphocytes capable of killing cancer cells without prior sensitization (1). Further characterization of these cells in both humans and rodent models has expanded their role towards a broad-based immunosurveillance of diseased and healthy peripheral tissues. Among peripheral organs, the lung contains the ...
Kostareva Anna - - 2013
Neuromuscular disorders are known to be associated with cardiac disease but often the cardiovascular symptoms can be difficult to unravel due to low physical activity in this patient group and thereby low strain on the heart. On the other hand, cardiomyopathy or cardiac arrhythmogenic disease may be the first sign ...
Gittard Shaun Davis - - 2013
Two-photon polymerization has developed as a powerful tool for making micro- and nanoscale structures for regenerative medicine applications. This review discusses micro- and nanoscale aspects of tissue engineering, which are followed by a brief description of the two-photon polymerization process and how it has been used thus far in tissue ...
Moscoso F - - 2013
Chlorpyrifos (CP) is one of the most commonly applied insecticides for control of pests and insects. The inappropriate use of this kind of chemicals has caused heavy contamination of many terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems thus representing a great environmental and health risk. The main purpose of this work is to ...
Mattingly W Brett - - 2013
The legacy of agricultural land use can have widespread and persistent effects on contemporary landscapes. Although agriculture can lead to persistent changes in soil characteristics and plant communities, it remains unclear whether historic agricultural land use can alter the likelihood of contemporary biological invasions. To understand how agricultural land-use history ...
Biagioni Emanuela - - 2013
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a rare complication of heparin treatment resulting in a severe acquired thrombophilic condition with an associated mortality of about 10 %. We report the first case of successful urgent liver transplantation (LT) in a patient with end-stage liver disease due to a Budd-Chiari syndrome, portal vein thrombosis ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >