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Smith Maxwell L - - 2013
Context.-Growing evidence has demonstrated a high frequency of quality gaps in laboratory medicine, with recent studies estimating that 15% to 54% of primary care medical errors reported by primary care physicians and staff are related to the testing process. However, there is lack of evidence-based performance metrics in the preanalytic ...
Bascuas Iria - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis results in changes that affect balance. It has been reported that osteoarthritis worsens proprioception and increases the risk of falling. The objective of this study was to assess changes in balance among patients with knee osteoarthritis at 1 year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery and its relationship ...
Kumar Ashutosh - - 2013
Though stress is an integrated part of the modern life, defining stress in biological systems is difficult. Anxiety, medication, metabolic disorder, neuro-endocrinological abnormalities, immunological responses, neuro-immune interaction and several other internal and external factors are important which induce stress and pain in higher organisms. Stress and pain are often synonymous ...
Amerini Andrea Luigi - - 2013
Currently, there are no fully developed interventional approaches for the treatment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of orthotopic interventional placement of a biological prosthetic valve in the tricuspid position by inserting, with a transvenous approach, a self-expandable valve-bearing stent into the ...
van der Sande Masha T - - 2013
Lianas are an important component of Neotropical forests, where evidence suggests that they are increasing in abundance and biomass. Lianas are especially abundant in seasonally dry tropical forests, and as such it has been hypothesized that they are better adapted to drought, or that they are at an advantage under ...
Dashti-Khavidaki Simin - - 2013
Background Compared with the general population, hemodialysis patients suffer from worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Poor HRQoL results in the higher risk of hospitalization and mortality. Objective This study was designed to assess the impact of pharmaceutical care on HRQoL of hemodialysis patients. Setting This study was performed in ...
David Sabrina - - 2013
There is growing evidence that molecular chaperones/heat shock proteins are involved in the pathogenesis of a number of human diseases, known as chaperonopathies. A better molecular understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms is essential for addressing new strategies in diagnostics, therapeutics and clinical management of chaperonopathies, including those in which Hsp10 ...
E Zahra Syeda Naqsh - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the major cause of mortality worldwide. Major signalling pathways that could play significant role in lung cancer therapy include (1) Growth promoting pathways (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor/Ras/ PhosphatidylInositol 3-Kinase) (2) Growth inhibitory pathways (p53/Rb/P14ARF, STK11) (3) Apoptotic pathways (Bcl-2/Bax/Fas/FasL). Insilico strategy was implemented to solve ...
Shahbazi Shirin - - 2013
There is growing evidence of a malignancy-protective role for vitamin D in breast cancer. The effects of vitamin D are mediated via the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is encoded by VDR gene. Several SNPs on VDR gene has attracted research interest, although the magnitude of the impact of VDR ...
Gan Yu - - 2013
Recent achievements in the understanding of molecular events involved in the pathogenesis of central nervous system (CNS) injury have made gene transfer a promising approach for various neurological disorders, including cerebrovascular diseases. However, special obstacles, including the post-mitotic nature of neurons and the blood-brain barrier (BBB), constitute key challenges for ...
Knecht Pascal B - - 2013
When following Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) is crucial in the subacute and convalescent stages of the disease in order to detect subclinical choroiditis and prevent the development of 'sunset glow' fundus. Hypofluorescent dark dots (HDDs) indicate persisting granulomas in the choroid. However, probably as a result of ...
Bauer Carla M T - - 2013
COPD is a complex syndrome that poses a serious health threat to >1.1 billion smokers worldwide. The stable disease is punctuated by episodes of acute exacerbation, which are predominantly the result of viral and bacterial infections. Despite their devastating health impact, mechanisms underlying disease exacerbations remain poorly understood. Mounting evidence ...
Omori Shinsuke - - 2013
Compartment syndrome of the arm is a rare condition because of the large capacity of the arm compartment. Although several cases of compartment syndrome of the forearm associated with vascular access procedures have been reported, the literature contains few detailed reports of compartment syndrome of the arm caused by transcather ...
Dergarabetian Eileen Manasse - - 2013
We show that HTLV-1 negative leukemia cells are more sensitive to TQ due to higher levels of drug-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). PreG1 population in HTLV-1 negative Jurkat and CEM was higher than HTLV-1 transformed HuT-102 and MT-2 cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were more resistant. Hoechst staining indicated more features ...
Maestro Francisco Javier - - 2013
Since it was conceived, the notion of primary care has been a crucial concept in health services. Most health care is provided at this level and primary care clinicians have an essential role, both in terms of disease prevention and disease management. During the last decades, primary health care has ...
Burke Ronald L - - 2013
Restrictions on the number of troops that could enter Pakistan in support of the 2010 flood relief efforts limited the type and number of deployed medical personnel. Although this created the potential for mission gaps, the assigned personnel were able to perform additional functions beyond those normally associated with their ...
Jia Chunhong - - 2013
In order to study the dissipation rates and final residues of kresoxim-methyl in strawberry and soil, two independent filed trials were performed in Beijing China. The application rates are set at 195 g of active gradient per hectare. A simple analytical method has been developed for the determination of kresoxim-methyl in ...
Alam Mahbub - - 2013
The dial test can be improved by providing reproducible, accurate measurements to improve diagnosis and treatment comparisons. Validation of a rotational measurement device (RMD) for measuring knee internal-external rotational laxity. Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. The RMD consisted of 3 components: a femoral clamp and a tibial splint ...
Tree Alison C - - 2013
The management of metastatic solid tumours has historically focused on systemic treatment given with palliative intent. However, radical surgical treatment of oligometastases is now common practice in some settings. The development of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), building on improvements in delivery achieved by intensity-modulated and image-guided radiotherapy, now allows delivery ...
Mao Guan Kun - - 2013
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) plays a critical role in oocyte meiotic maturation. However, the source of cAMP surge prior to maturation and the direction of gap junction-dependent cAMP movement are unclear. In this study, inhibition of gap junctional communication (GJC) using carbenoxolone (3.5 h) induced meiotic resumption in ~90% of follicle-enclosed ...
Salcedo Carolina - - 2013
Histamine H4 receptor (H4R) has become a promising target for immuno-inflammatory diseases, such as allergic rhinitis, asthma or dermal allergies. Its distribution pattern in immune cells and the preclinical data obtained from different biological systems using diverse histamine H4 modulators (1) suggest a key role of H4R in immunity and ...
Mwanza Jean-Claude - - 2013
To compare choroidal thickness before and after pupil dilation. Macular subfoveal, nasal, temporal and average choroidal thicknesses were measured in one eye of 17 healthy individuals and 40 glaucoma patients using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography before and after pupil dilation. Comparisons were made between pre- and post-dilation measurements, ...
Hsu Raymond Y - - 2013
Heel ulcers are a costly and preventable complication of lower-extremity immobilization, but they still occur with some regularity. A technique using a short leg posterior splint that suspends the heel away from the splint is described. This modification completely removes pressure the heel to prevent decubitus ulcer formation. This technique ...
Rodella Luigi Fabrizio - - 2013
Several pathological conditions, including hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, ischemia/reperfusion injury and nicotine-induced vasculopathy, are associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction characterized by altered secretory output of endothelial cells. Therefore there is a search for molecules and interventions that could restore endothelial function, in particular augmenting NO production, reducing the generation of free ...
Fang Wanping - - 2013
One 1.2 kbp long sequence was cloned by using PCR with primers that were designed from cDNA sequence of CsH1 gene (Genbank: EU716314) from tea plant (Camellia sinensis). According to the 1.2 kbp sequence, a 0.6 kbp sequence was isolated from tea plant genomic DNA using DNA Walking Method. Sequence analysis revealed that ...
Mills Anne - - 2013
Context.-The detection and typing of high-risk and low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) in archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues by nucleic acid amplification testing is an important adjunct to immunohistochemical staining in evaluation of squamous cell proliferations of the oropharynx, larynx, and anal canal. Objective.-To evaluate semiautomated, xylene-free extraction from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues ...
Nettrour John F - - 2013
Performing 2-stage procedures using articulating antibiotic cement spacers to eradicate infection while providing pain relief and maintaining function has become common among many surgeons. Despite the efficacy of antibiotic cement spacers in the treatment of infected total knee arthroplasty, questions remain regarding the dosing of the antibiotic cement.The authors assessed ...
Bhogal Harjit K - - 2013
Sepsis-induced cholestasis is a complication of infection. Infections cause systemic and intrahepatic increase in proinflammatory cytokines which result in impaired bile flow ie. cholestasis. Several other mediators of impairment in bile flow have been identified under conditions of sepsis such as increased nitric oxide production and decreased aquaporin channels. The ...
Wang Wen-Jun - - 2013
Saccharina japonica is one of the most important economic seaweeds. Several aspects such as photosynthesis in Saccharina lives are affected by blue light, the predominant light spectrum in the habitat. In this study, transcriptome profiling of S. japonica by next generation sequencing technology generated 55,102 qualified transcripts and 40.5 % transcripts ...
Messina Paula Veronica - - 2013
Cardiac hypertrophy and vascular proliferative diseases are associated with major alterations in calcium homeostasis and calcium signaling. The recent discovery of STIM and Orai has generated great enthusiasm concerning the role of these proteins in the cardiovascular system. We will review the major results concerning the existence and the role ...
Klaric Martina - - 2013
The present review assesses the current status of in vitro tests based on human pluripotent stem cell-derived toxicologically relevant target cells. The majority of the evaluated test systems are in the phase of test development. In particular the success rates of differentiation protocols and their reproducibility are varying depending on different culture ...
Oni Georgette - - 2013
Background: Chronic wound healing problems can pose a significant clinical challenge. Transdermal delivery of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) may be a possible solution to healing these recalcitrant, debilitating wounds. Pretreatment of the skin with a fractionated laser has already been shown to assist transdermal drug delivery both in vitro and ...
Bourke Henry E - - 2013
To compare the outcome of 2 bioabsorbable screws for tibial interference fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with reference to rate of absorption, osteoconductive properties, and clinical outcome. Patients undergoing primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring autograft in a single unit were invited to participate in this study. Patients ...
Schops Wolfgang - - 2013
In Germany, more than 100 bladder tumor cases are annually recognized as occupational disease and compensated, given that medical experts regard exposure to carcinogenic aromatic amines as a likely cause of cancer. The amount of compensation is initially based on the tumor staging and grading at the time of initial ...
Duardo-Sanchez Aliuska - - 2013
Chem-Bioinformatic models connect the chemical structure of drugs and/or targets (protein, gen, RNA, microorganism, tissue, disease...) with drug biological activity over this target. On the other hand, a systematic judicial framework is needed to provide appropriate and relevant guidance for addressing various computing techniques as applied to scientific research in ...
Anthony Neil - - 2013
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and related fluctuation spectroscopy and microscopy methods have become important research tools that enable detailed investigations of the chemical and physical properties of molecules and molecular systems in a variety of complex environments. Information recovery via curve fitting of fluctuation data can present complicating challenges due ...
Takeda Morihiko - - 2013
We describe a 42-year-old man with very late stent thrombosis (VLST) 35 months after implantation of a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). Three months after the VLST episode, a follow-up angiography showed a formation of peri-stent coronary artery aneurysm. Sixty-five months after SES implantation, the patient suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We performed ...
Hui Yiang - - 2013
Context.-Acute hypotensive transfusion reactions are potentially harmful adverse effects of transfusion attributable to bradykinin generation. They are most often seen in patients taking angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (ACE-Is) because of the role ACE plays in metabolizing bradykinin. However, a number of acute hypotensive transfusion reactions occur in patients not taking ...
See Aaron - - 2013
Injury to the proximal tibiofibular joint is uncommon. Previous studies regarding the anatomy of this region have predominantly focused on joint orientation. As radiographic technology has advanced, later studies have attempted to evaluate the capsular anatomy. However, no reports specifically map the ligaments to this joint. The objectives of the ...
Schwartz David - - 2013
Existing theoretical perspectives suggest that adolescents who are characterized by high achievement may experience social sanctions from peers. The central premise is that, in many North American settings, adolescent peer groups are characterized by negative attitudes toward the school environment. To test these hypotheses, we examined associations between indicators of ...
Duhan Nirmala - - 2013
Uterine myomas, the most common benign solid pelvic tumors in women, occur in twenty percent of them in reproductive years and form the most common indication for hysterectomy. Various factors affect the choice of the best treatment modality for a given patient. Asymptomatic myomas may be managed by careful follow ...
Shah Nilesh - - 2013
Context.-Nonspecific changes (nonspecific chronic inflammation) in patients with chronic diarrhea represent the commonest diagnosis in colorectal biopsy interpretation, but these changes are of little clinical significance. Objective.-To find, within this group, histologic and immunohistologic diagnostic criteria to predict the duration and resolution of diarrhea. Design.-Detailed clinical features and histologic findings ...
Yang Huijun - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary taurine, as a feed additive, on the hypoxia-tolerance and growth performance of the juvenile grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus, one of the most important and intensively cultured freshwater fish, with the largest production in China. Graded levels of taurine (0, 0.5, ...
Gonzalez-Perez Alfredo - - 2013
In this review, changes in aggregation induced by thermodynamic parameters, namely concentration and temperature are discussed. Most of these changes are concerned with sphere-to-rod transitions. On the other hand, the use of an external trigger such as light can induce large aggregation changes in photosurfactant systems. This is discussed in ...
Houtz Carlton - - 2013
The vascular anatomy at the spinoglenoid and suprascapular notches appears to be more variable than previously thought. In patients presenting with signs of suprascapular nerve compression, vascular causes must be considered. Especially when considering percutaneous or arthroscopic treatment, awareness of these entities may help to guide treatment decisions, aid in ...
Ackleh Azmy S - - 2013
A nonautonomous version of the SIR epidemic model in Ackleh and Allen (2003) is considered, for competition of [Formula: see text] infection strains in a host population. The model assumes total cross immunity, mass action incidence, density-dependent host mortality and disease-induced mortality. Sufficient conditions for the robust uniform persistence of ...
Medjibe V P - - 2013
Forest management certification is assumed to promote sustainable forest management, but there is little field-based evidence to support this claim. To help fill this gap, we compared a Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)-certified with an adjacent uncertified, conventionally logged concession (CL) in Gabon on the basis of logging damage, above-ground biomass ...
Elson Elliot L - - 2013
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) measures rates of transport (diffusion coefficients, convection velocities) and chemical reactions (rate constants) in equilibrium or nonequilibrium steady-state systems without the need for a perturbation of the state of the system. The rates are extracted from a record of fluorescence fluctuations observed from an open laser-illuminated ...
Amaral Sandra - - 2013
Researching the effects of aging in the male reproductive system is not trivial. Not only are multiple changes at molecular, cellular and endocrine levels involved, but any findings must be discussed with variable individual characteristics, as well as with lifestyle and environmental factors. Age-related changes in the reproductive system include ...
Weeks William B - - 2013
Consensus is building that episode-based bundled payments can produce substantial Medicare savings, and the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation's Bundled Payment Initiative endorses this concept. The program generates potential cost savings by reducing the historic cost of time-defined episodes of care, provided through a discount. Although bundled payments can ...
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