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Nair Uma S - - 2012
Smoking is often used as a maladaptive weight control strategy among female smokers. Many of the perceived benefits accrued from smoking, including enhanced mood, reduced anxiety, and weight control, can also be achieved through physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a novel behavioral ...
Ahnert Lieselotte - - 2012
The present study involved 120 kindergartners, of whom n = 60 were followed up to first grade. Upon making inquiries regarding closeness in teacher-child relationships in the classrooms, the children participated in a laboratory situation in which they were exposed to computerized tasks. These tasks challenged the cognitive processes thought ...
Lampert Fabienne - - 2013
Kinetochores are large protein complexes that link sister chromatids to the spindle and transduce microtubule dynamics into chromosome movement. In budding yeast, the kinetochore-microtubule interface is formed by the plus end-associated Dam1 complex and the kinetochore-resident Ndc80 complex, but how they work in combination and whether a physical association between ...
- - 2013
Presented here is the schedule of platform and poster research presentations made by the Orthopaedic Section and Sports Physical Therapy Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) during APTA's Combined Sections Meeting, January 21-24, 2013, in San Diego, California.J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2013;43(1):A1-A15.
Caprariello Peter A - - 2012
Recent evidence indicates that spending discretionary money with the intention of acquiring life experiences-events that one lives through-makes people happier than spending money with the intention of acquiring material possessions-tangible objects that one obtains and possesses. We propose and show that experiences are more likely to be shared with others, ...
Li Wenzhe - - 2012
Through a novel method, we successfully synthesized electromagnetic (EM) functional polystyrene@polypyrrole@nickel (PS@PPy@Ni) composite microspheres. The PS@PPy spheres with well-defined core/shell structure have been synthesized via an in situ chemical oxidative co-polymerization of pyrrole (Py) and N-2-carboxyethylpyrrole (PyCOOH) templated by PS microspheres. The reaction was carried out under heterophase conditions using ...
Petrinovic Marija M - - 2013
Neuronal signal integration as well as synaptic transmission and plasticity highly depend on the morphology of dendrites and their spines. Nogo-A is a membrane protein enriched in the adult central nervous system (CNS) myelin, where it restricts the capacity of axons to grow and regenerate after injury. Nogo-A is also ...
Baudoin Michael - - 2013
When you reach with your straw for the final drops of a milkshake, the liquid forms a train of plugs that flow slowly initially because of the high viscosity. They then suddenly rupture and are replaced with a rapid airflow with the characteristic slurping sound. Trains of liquid plugs also ...
Gosselin Eric - - 2012
In the past it was assumed that work attendance equated to performance. It now appears that health-related loss of productivity can be traced equally to workers showing up at work as well as to workers choosing not to. Presenteeism in the workplace, showing up for work while sick, seems now ...
Kushner Matt G MG Department of Psychiary, University of Minnesota, MN 55454, USA. - - 2013
Treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) is far less effective for those with a co-occurring anxiety disorder. Surprisingly, adding an independent anxiety treatment to AUD treatment does not substantially improve the poor alcohol outcomes of these patients. This may reflect the lack of attention from independent treatments to the dynamic ...
Dai Jiezhi - - 2012
Background Soft-tissue defects in the lower leg, ankle, and heel often require reconstruction with local or free flaps. We try to compare the clinical outcome and complications following transfer of a perforator pedicle-based sural neurocutaneous flap (P-NCF) or a fascia pedicle-based sural neurocutaneous flap (F-NCF).Methods Between March 2007 and December 2010, 92 ...
Mangiapia Gaetano - - 2012
Mutual diffusion coefficients have been measured for several average compositions of the system sodium cholate - sodium deoxycholate - water at 25 °C. The experiments have been grouped in different sets having constant concentration of one component and variable concentration of the other one. Following this approach, it has been ...
Busquets Santacana Rosa - - 2012
Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds formed at ng/g levels during frying meat or fish. The effect of the normal intake of dietary HCAs in humans and their involvement in the aetiology of cancer are currently unknown. In this work a new extraction method, liquid phase micro-extraction (LPME) with hollow ...
Kasho Kazutoshi - - 2013
The initiation of chromosomal DNA replication is rigidly regulated to ensure that it occurs in a cell cycle-coordinated manner. To ensure this in Escherichia coli, multiple systems regulate the activity of the replication initiator ATP-DnaA. The level of ATP-DnaA increases before initiation after which it drops via DnaA-ATP hydrolysis, yielding ...
Zebrowitz Leslie A LA Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454, USA. - - 2013
People readily form first impressions from faces, with consensual judgments that have significant social consequences. Similar impressions are shown by children, young adults (YA), and people from diverse cultures. However, this is the first study to systematically investigate older adults' (OA) impressions. OA and YA showed similar levels of within-age ...
Verma Dinesh Kumar - - 2012
We study the dynamics of the Mercury Beating Heart (MBH) system in an acidic solution in the absence of a strong oxidant. Furthermore, the system is subjected to an external square wave potential. It was observed that different shapes (circular, elliptical, triangular and multi-lobed stars) of the mercury drop could ...
Stankovic Ana - - 2013
The kinetochore forms the site of attachment for mitotic spindle microtubules driving chromosome segregation. The interdependent protein interactions in this large structure have made it difficult to dissect the function of its components. In this issue, Hori et al. (2013. J. Cell Biol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201210106) present a novel and powerful methodology ...
Passow Susanne - - 2012
Multitalker situations confront listeners with a plethora of competing auditory inputs, and hence require selective attention to relevant information, especially when the perceptual saliency of distracting inputs is high. This study augmented the classical forced-attention dichotic listening paradigm by adding an interaural intensity manipulation to investigate developmental differences in the ...
Lee Matthew K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To report outcomes in free flap reconstructive surgery in the setting of calcified arteriosclerosis affecting the flap pedicle. DESIGN Retrospective review, including a detailed analysis of medical records, histopathologic findings, and a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS A total of 1329 consecutive microvascular free tissue transfers were performed ...
Arterberry Brooke J BJ Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to examine cognitive risk factors for driving after use of marijuana. We tested whether marijuana outcome expectancies and specific cognitions about driving after marijuana use were uniquely associated with the likelihood and frequency of driving while high (DWH) and riding with a high ...
Gong Yun - - 2012
Two octamolybdate-based MOFs with unsaturated coordinated metal centers formulated as Cu(3)(Mo(8)O(26))(H(2)O)(2)(OH)(2)(L1)(4) (L1 = 4H-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole) (1) and Ag(4)(Mo(8)O(26))(L2)(2.5)(H(2)O) (L2 = 3,5-dimethyl-4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole) (2) were synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffractions. Complex 1 exhibits a 1D chain-like structure. In complex 2, 1D Ag-octamolybdate chains in the ac plane are covalently embedded ...
Thattai Mukund - - 2013
Living cells are controlled by networks of interacting genes, proteins and biochemicals. Cells use the emergent collective dynamics of these networks to probe their surroundings, perform computations and generate appropriate responses. Here, we consider genetic networks, interacting sets of genes that regulate one another's expression. It is possible to infer ...
Chattopadhyay Ishanu - - 2013
We present an unsupervised learning algorithm (GenESeSS) to infer the causal structure of quantized stochastic processes, defined as stochastic dynamical systems evolving over discrete time, and producing quantized observations. Assuming ergodicity and stationarity, GenESeSS infers probabilistic finite state automata models from a sufficiently long observed trace. Our approach is abductive; ...
Du Zhongyu - - 2012
The kinetics of alkaline fading of crystal violet (CV) has been studied by UV-spectrophotometry and microcalorimetry in the critical binary solution of (2-butoxyethanol + water) at the initial reaction stage and various temperatures. It was found that the first-order rate constants obtained from these two methods are well accorded with ...
Venkataraman Vivek V - - 2013
Paleoanthropologists have long argued--often contentiously--about the climbing abilities of early hominins and whether a foot adapted to terrestrial bipedalism constrained regular access to trees. However, some modern humans climb tall trees routinely in pursuit of honey, fruit, and game, often without the aid of tools or support systems. Mortality and ...
Huynh Jasmine Y - - 2012
This two-wave study of volunteers examined the effect of family and friend support on the relationship between volunteer demands (emotional demands and work-home conflict) on the one hand, and burnout (exhaustion and cynicism) and organizational connectedness on the other hand. It was hypothesized that family and friend support would moderate ...
Hülsheger Ute R - - 2012
Mindfulness describes a state of consciousness in which individuals attend to ongoing events and experiences in a receptive and non-judgmental way. The present research investigated the idea that mindfulness reduces emotional exhaustion and improves job satisfaction. The authors further suggest that these associations are mediated by the emotion regulation strategy ...
Monroe Todd - - 2012
Pain management in people with dementia is a critical problem. Recently, psychophysical and neuroimaging techniques have been used to extend our understanding of pain processing in the brain as well as to identify structural and functional changes in Alzheimer disease (AD). But interpreting the complex relationship between AD pathology, brain ...
Dow Sarah J - - 2012
National efforts have focused on improving adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) treatment outcomes, yet improvements remain modest. Because adolescents are noteworthy for heterogeneity in their clinical profiles, treatment might be enhanced by the identification of clinical subgroups for which interventions could be more effectively tailored. Some of these subgroups, such ...
Lee Cindy - - 2012
Background: Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is common in patients with advanced cancer. Aim: To perform a phase II study to assess the feasibility of conducting a phase III trial investigating the therapeutic value of gastrografin in MBO. METHODS: Randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled feasibility study. Participants received 100 mL of either gastrografin ...
Vitányi Paul M B - - 2013
We can discover the effective similarity among pairs of finite objects and denoise a finite object using the Kolmogorov complexity of these objects. The drawback is that the Kolmogorov complexity is not computable. If we approximate it, using a good real-world compressor, then it turns out that on natural data ...
Messman-Moore Terri L - - 2012
Incapacitated sexual assault (ISA) is the most common form of sexual victimization experienced by college women. Although ISA victims are at risk for future assaults, few studies have examined mechanisms responsible for ISA revictimization besides heavy drinking. Using a prospective design, the present study examined whether emotion dysregulation, given its ...
Joo Jung Min - - 2012
We describe a general approach for the synthesis of complex aryl 1,2,4-triazoles. The electronic character of the C-H bonds and the triazole ring allows for the regioselective C-H arylation of 1-alkyl- and 4-alkyltriazoles under catalytic conditions. We have also developed the SEM and THP switch as well as trans-N-alkylation, which ...
Selvakumar Balakrishnan B Solomon H Snyder Department of Neuroscience and Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
NMDA receptor activation can elicit synaptic plasticity by augmenting conductance of the AMPA receptor GluA1 subsequent to phosphorylation at S831 by Ca(2+)-dependent kinases. NMDA receptor activation also regulates synaptic plasticity by causing endocytosis of AMPA receptor GluA1. We demonstrate a unique signaling cascade for these processes mediated by NMDA receptor-dependent ...
Gordon Leamarie T LT Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA. - - 2013
Across three experiments, we examined the effect of repetition lag on priming of unfamiliar visual objects in healthy young and older adults. Multiple levels of lag were examined, ranging from short (one to four intervening stimuli) to long (50 + intervening stimuli). In each experiment, subjects viewed a series of ...
Evans Alina L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Evaluation of physiology during capture and anesthesia of free-ranging wildlife is useful for determining the effect that capture methods have on both ecological research results and animal welfare. This study evaluates capture and anesthesia of moose (Alces alces) with etorphine-xylazine-acepromazine in Northern Sweden. METHODS: Fifteen adult moose aged ...
Meister Konrad - - 2013
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are specific proteins that are able to lower the freezing point of aqueous solutions relative to the melting point. Hyperactive AFPs, identified in insects, have an especially high ability to depress the freezing point by far exceeding the abilities of other AFPs. In previous studies, we postulated ...
Nakano Kazuhisa K Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) exhibit an aggressive phenotype. Although the mechanisms responsible are not well defined, epigenetic determinants such as DNA methylation might contribute. DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) are critical enzymes that establish and maintain DNA methylation. We evaluated whether proinflammatory cytokines ...
Burton Nichola - - 2012
Children are less skilled than adults at making judgments about facial expression. This could be because they have not yet developed adult-like mechanisms for visually representing faces. Adults are thought to represent faces in a multidimensional face-space, and have been shown to code the expression of a face relative to ...
Broer P Niclas - - 2012
Background The authors describe our current practice of computer-aided virtual planned and pre-executed surgeries using microvascular free tissue transfer with immediate placement of implants and dental prosthetics.Methods All patients with ameloblastomas treated at New York University (NYU) Medical Center during a 10-year period from September 2001 to December 2011 were identified. Of ...
Greenberg Elliot M - - 2013
The patient was a 15-year-old adolescent male who was referred to a physical therapist for a chief complaint of bilateral posterolateral lower-leg pain, which was worse in the right lower extremity than in the left. Due to findings that were concerning for a stress fracture, the patient was referred to ...
Pleskac Timothy J - - 2012
Beyond simply a decision process, repeated risky decisions also require a number of cognitive processes including learning, search and exploration, and attention. In this article, we examine how multiple response pathways develop over repeated risky decisions. Using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) as a case study, we show that ...
de Carvalho Myskiw Jociane - - 2013
Extinction of contextual fear in rats is enhanced by exposure to a novel environment at 1-2 h before or 1 h after extinction training. This effect is antagonized by administration of protein synthesis inhibitors anisomycin and rapamycin into the hippocampus, but not into the amygdala, immediately after either novelty or ...
Castel Alan D - - 2012
It is often necessary to selectively attend to important information, at the expense of less important information, especially if you know you cannot remember large amounts of information. The present study examined how younger and older adults select valuable information to study, when given unrestricted choices about how to allocate ...
Brackenbury William J WJ Department of Pharmacology and Neurology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2013
Voltage-gated Na(+) channel (VGSC) β1 subunits, encoded by SCN1B, are multifunctional channel modulators and cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). Mutations in SCN1B are associated with the genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) spectrum disorders in humans, and Scn1b-null mice display severe spontaneous seizures and ataxia from postnatal day (P)10. The ...
Henderson John M - - 2012
Recent research on eye movements during scene viewing has primarily focused on where the eyes fixate. But eye fixations also differ in their durations. Here we investigated whether fixation durations in scene viewing are under the direct and immediate control of the current visual input. Subjects freely viewed photographs of ...
Toffol Elena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: A proportion of women experience depressive and anxiety symptoms and/or disorders in connection with the menopausal transition. Estrogen-only therapy has been reported to have beneficial effects on mental health, but the effects of combined hormone therapy (HT) on mental health are less clear. We studied the associations between HT ...
Zhou J X - - 2012
BackgroundOncogenic driver mutations are responsible for the initiation and maintenance of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Elucidation of driver mutation occurrence in NSCLC has important clinical implications.Patients and methodsNSCLC at various clinical stages were studied for their oncogenic mutations and their association with patients' disease-free survival (DFS).ResultsOf 488 patients with NSCLC, ...
Sarafraz-Yazdi Ali - - 2012
An in situ derivatization and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method based on sol-gel technology coupled with gas chromatography-flame ionization detection was proposed for the determination of mercury [Hg(ΙΙ)] at ultra-trace levels in water samples.The analytical procedure involves aqueous-phase derivatization of Hg(ΙΙ) with phenylboronic acid in a sample vial and subsequent extraction ...
Tharoor Hema - - 2012
The 5-hydroxy tryptamine transporter (5-HTT) gene has been previously implicated in lithium response, but the roles of the triallelic 5-HTT linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) and variable number tandem repeats in the second intron [serotonin transporter intron 2 (STin2)] have not been reported. We examined these polymorphisms in 122 patients with ...
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