Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1591
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Scott David - - 2012
Abstract Persons accessing inpatient mental health services generally experience reduced access to and quality of primary health care. The objective of this study was to compare health service utilization and perceptions, and receipt of specified health services, in Australian adults with and without a previous mental illness diagnosis. A cross-sectional ...
Sambridge M - - 2013
Seismologists construct images of the Earth's interior structure using observations, derived from seismograms, collected at the surface. A common approach to such inverse problems is to build a single 'best' Earth model, in some sense. This is despite the fact that the observations by themselves often do not require, or ...
Shi Junqi - - 2012
In this study, we examined the relations of subordinate political skill with supervisor's dependence on the subordinate and supervisor reward recommendation, as well as mediating (interaction frequency with supervisor) and moderating (supervisor political behavior) variables of these relations. Our theoretical model was tested using data collected from employees in a ...
Shaikh Irshad - - 2012
Abstract Background: Uncertainty exists surrounding the laparoscopic approach to the repair of giant paraesophageal hiatus hernias (GPHHs), in regard to both long-term outcomes and its role in the emergency presentation. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of laparoscopic GPHH repair, compared with traditional open surgery, in ...
Mavica Lauren W - - 2012
Previous research has suggested that people are unable to correctly choose which unfamiliar voice and static image of a face belong to the same person. Here, we present evidence that people can perform this task with greater than chance accuracy. In Experiment 1, participants saw photographs of two, same-gender models, ...
Messman-Moore Terri L - - 2012
Incapacitated sexual assault (ISA) is the most common form of sexual victimization experienced by college women. Although ISA victims are at risk for future assaults, few studies have examined mechanisms responsible for ISA revictimization besides heavy drinking. Using a prospective design, the present study examined whether emotion dysregulation, given its ...
Joo Jung Min - - 2012
We describe a general approach for the synthesis of complex aryl 1,2,4-triazoles. The electronic character of the C-H bonds and the triazole ring allows for the regioselective C-H arylation of 1-alkyl- and 4-alkyltriazoles under catalytic conditions. We have also developed the SEM and THP switch as well as trans-N-alkylation, which ...
Evans Alina L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Evaluation of physiology during capture and anesthesia of free-ranging wildlife is useful for determining the effect that capture methods have on both ecological research results and animal welfare. This study evaluates capture and anesthesia of moose (Alces alces) with etorphine-xylazine-acepromazine in Northern Sweden. METHODS: Fifteen adult moose aged ...
Burton Nichola - - 2012
Children are less skilled than adults at making judgments about facial expression. This could be because they have not yet developed adult-like mechanisms for visually representing faces. Adults are thought to represent faces in a multidimensional face-space, and have been shown to code the expression of a face relative to ...
Broer P Niclas - - 2012
Background The authors describe our current practice of computer-aided virtual planned and pre-executed surgeries using microvascular free tissue transfer with immediate placement of implants and dental prosthetics.Methods All patients with ameloblastomas treated at New York University (NYU) Medical Center during a 10-year period from September 2001 to December 2011 were identified. Of ...
Cornish Neil J - - 2013
A worldwide array of highly sensitive ground-based interferometers stands poised to usher in a new era in astronomy with the first direct detection of gravitational waves. The data from these instruments will provide a unique perspective on extreme astrophysical objects, such as neutron stars and black holes, and will allow ...
Peng Jinghua - - 2012
Puerarin is an isoflavone component extracted from Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) and has been demonstrated to alleviate alcohol-related disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine whether puerarin ameliorates chronic alcoholic liver injury through inhibition of endotxin gut-leakage, the subsequent Kupffer cells (KCs) activation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptors expression. Rats ...
Dell'osso Bernardo - - 2012
Peg-interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) therapy is reported to induce psychiatric symptoms and syndromes in 20% of patients treated for Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection. Present study was aimed to quantify the phenomenon and assess the influence of psychiatric counseling over antiviral completion rate and the use of psychometric tools, ...
Fagerberg Linn - - 2012
A gene-centric Human Proteome Project has been proposed to characterize the human protein-coding genes in a chromosome-centered manner to understand human biology and disease. Here, we report on the protein evidence for all genes predicted from the genome sequence based on manual annotation from literature (UniProt), antibody-based profiling in cells, ...
Venkateswaran Rajamiyer V - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The measurement of extravascular lung water could aid the assessment and guide the management of potential lung donors following brain death. We therefore sought to validate a single indicator thermodilution extravascular lung water index (EVLWI-T) measurement using gravimetry and to assess the impact and clinical correlates of elevated EVLWI-T ...
Jung Sung Won - - 2012
Microvascular ear replantation is a significant challenge because of the small size of the vessels and the fact that traumatic amputations are frequently avulsed. The zone of trauma is therefore extended and the primary repair of the injured vessel is rendered unlikely. The purpose of this study is to review ...
Rule Nicholas O - - 2012
Perceivers' inferences about individuals based on their faces often show high interrater consensus and can even accurately predict behavior in some domains. Here we investigated the consensus and accuracy of judgments of trustworthiness. In Study 1, we showed that the type of photo judged makes a significant difference for whether ...
Odle-Dusseau Heather N - - 2012
Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JDR) model (E. Demerouti, A. B. Bakker, F. Nachreiner, & W. B. Schaufeli, 2001, The job demands-resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 499-512) and Conservation of Resources (COR) theory (S. E. Hobfoll, 2002, Social and psychological resources and adaptation. Review of General ...
Wong Daryl B - - 2012
The vibrational dynamics of the antisymmetric and symmetric stretching modes of very low concentration spatially isolated D2O molecules in the Room Temperature Ionic Liquid (RTIL) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BmImPF6) were examined using two dimensional infrared (2D IR) vibrational echo spectroscopy and infrared pump-probe experiments. In BmImPF6, D2O's antisymmetric and symmetric stretching ...
Ritchie Stuart J - - 2012
Recent reports suggest a causal relationship between education and IQ, which has implications for cognitive development and aging-education may improve cognitive reserve. In two longitudinal cohorts, we tested the association between education and lifetime cognitive change. We then tested whether education is linked to improved scores on processing-speed variables such ...
Foucher Frédéric - - 2012
Abstract Opaline silica was detected, with Raman spectroscopy, in carbonaceous microfossils (especially Myxococcoides) in silicified filamentous microbial mats within dolomitized conglomerates of the Draken Formation (-800 to -700 Ma). High-resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM) and microprobe analyses were used to confirm the nature of this phase in the quartz matrix of the ...
Lipovskii Andrey - - 2012
Mid-range structure of glasses of the glass-forming system xNb2O5-(60-x)P2O5-40Na2O, with x varying from 0 to 40, has been investigated by Raman spectroscopy and electrooptical Kerr measurements. It has been found that the mid-range inhomogeneities in the glasses under study vary with x and their compositions and structures dramatically differ from ...
Greenberg Elliot M - - 2013
The patient was a 15-year-old adolescent male who was referred to a physical therapist for a chief complaint of bilateral posterolateral lower-leg pain, which was worse in the right lower extremity than in the left. Due to findings that were concerning for a stress fracture, the patient was referred to ...
Pleskac Timothy J - - 2012
Beyond simply a decision process, repeated risky decisions also require a number of cognitive processes including learning, search and exploration, and attention. In this article, we examine how multiple response pathways develop over repeated risky decisions. Using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) as a case study, we show that ...
Castel Alan D - - 2012
It is often necessary to selectively attend to important information, at the expense of less important information, especially if you know you cannot remember large amounts of information. The present study examined how younger and older adults select valuable information to study, when given unrestricted choices about how to allocate ...
Henderson John M - - 2012
Recent research on eye movements during scene viewing has primarily focused on where the eyes fixate. But eye fixations also differ in their durations. Here we investigated whether fixation durations in scene viewing are under the direct and immediate control of the current visual input. Subjects freely viewed photographs of ...
Ducrocq Gregory - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials of antithrombotics in coronary artery disease (CAD) have identified prior stroke/TIA as a marker of increased intracranial bleeding risk. We aimed to further characterize the risk of ischemic and bleeding events associated with a history of stroke/TIA in patients with CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the international ...
Monajemi Hatef - - 2013
In compressed sensing, one takes samples of an N-dimensional vector using an matrix A, obtaining undersampled measurements Y = Ax(0). For random matrices with independent standard Gaussian entries, it is known that, when is k-sparse, there is a precisely determined phase transition: for a certain region in the (k/n,n/N)-phase diagram, ...
- - 2013
The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the important role physicians play in promoting the optimal biopsychosocial well-being of children in the school setting. Although the concept of a school physician has existed for more than a century, uniformity among states and school districts regarding physicians in schools and the laws ...
Van Dillen Lotte F - - 2012
The present research shows in 4 studies that cognitive load can reduce the impact of temptations on cognition and behavior and, thus, challenges the proposition that distraction always hampers self-regulation. Participants performed different speeded categorization tasks with pictures of attractive and neutral food items (Studies 1-3) and attractive and unattractive ...
Johnson Ray - - 2012
Nessler, Johnson, Bersick, and Friedman (D. Nessler, R. Johnson, Jr., M. Bersick, & D. Friedman, 2006, On why the elderly have normal semantic retrieval but deficient episodic encoding: A study of left inferior frontal ERP activity, NeuroImage, Vol. 30, pp. 299-312) found that, compared with young adults, older adults show ...
Middleton Richard S - - 2012
The Alberta oil sands are a significant source of oil production and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and their importance will grow as the region is poised for decades of growth. We present an integrated framework that simultaneously considers economic and engineering decisions for the capture, transport, and storage of oil ...
Kim Taegeon - - 2012
In this work, a modified polyol synthesis by adding KBr and by replacing the AgCl with NaCl seed was used to obtain high quality silver nanowires with long aspect ratios with an average length of 13.5µm in length and 62.5nm in diameter. The Ag nanowires suspended in methanol solution after ...
Liu Guoqiang - - 2012
The main objective of the present study was to completely characterize the metabolites of the triterpenoid saikosaponin a (SSa) in rats. To this aim, we compared the metabolites in the plasma, bile, urine and feces samples following oral and intravenous routes of administration using liquid chromatography-diode array detector coupled with ...
Fierson Walter M - - 2013
This statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2006. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs only in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which can result in functional or complete blindness. Use ...
Saba Joseph - - 2012
Abstract The objective was to develop and validate a multilateral index to determine patient ability to pay for medication in low- and middle-income countries. Primary data were collected in 2009 from 117 cancer patients in China, India, Thailand, and Malaysia. The initial tool included income, expenditures, and assets-based items using ...
Zalesskiy Sergey S - - 2012
Soluble gold pre-catalysts, aimed for homogeneous catalysis, under certain conditions may form nanoparticles, which dramatically change the mechanism and initiate different chemistry. The present study addresses the question of designing of gold catalysts taking into account possible interconversions and contamination at the homogeneous/heterogeneous systems interface. It was revealed that accurate ...
Fisher Cynthia D - - 2012
We predict real-time fluctuations in employees' positive and negative emotions from concurrent appraisals of the immediate task situation and individual differences in performance goal orientation. Task confidence, task importance, positive emotions, and negative emotions were assessed 5 times per day for 3 weeks in an experience sampling study of 135 ...
Tomasik Tomasz - - 2012
Aims:The aims of this study were (1) to explore physicians' self-reported treatment of patients with dyslipidemia and (2) to identify intercountry differences and associations between physicians' characteristics and treatment patterns. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in primary health care in 9 Central and Eastern European countries. An anonymous questionnaire, ...
Corona Ligiana Pires - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to examine the association between weight change and the incidence of disability in activities of daily living (ADL) among elderly women. METHOD: In 2006, 227 women aged ≥75 years and independent in ADL were selected from SABE Study (Health, Well-being, and Aging) in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The dependent variable ...
Migliorati Valentina - - 2012
The structure and dynamics of water in ionic solutions at high pressure have been investigated using a combined approach based on extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. Modification of the hydration properties of the Zn(2+) ion induced by a pressure increase from ambient condition ...
Ho Man Yee - - 2012
This study adopted a spillover-crossover model to examine the roles of personality and perceived social support as antecedents of the work-family interface among dual-earner couples in China. Married couples (N = 306) from 2 major cities in China (Shanghai and Jinan) completed questionnaires measuring a relationship-oriented personality trait (i.e., family ...
Pillon Nicolas J - - 2012
Skeletal muscles contain resident immune cell populations and their size and type is altered in inflammatory myopathies, endotoxemia or different types of muscle injury/insult. Within tissues, monocytes differentiate into macrophages and polarize to acquire pro- or anti-inflammatory phenotypes. Skeletal muscle macrophages play a fundamental role in repair and pathogen clearance. ...
Kleim Birgit - - 2012
Objective: There is a growing body of evidence for the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (TF-CBT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but few studies to date have investigated the mechanisms by which TF-CBT leads to therapeutic change. Models of PTSD suggest that a core treatment mechanism is the change ...
Delker Rebecca K - - 2013
Protein-protein interactions are typically identified by either biochemical purification coupled to mass spectrometry or genetic approaches exemplified by the yeast two-hybrid assay; however, neither assay works well for the identification of cofactors for poorly soluble proteins. Solubility of a poorly soluble protein is thought to increase upon cofactor binding, possibly ...
Saito Keisuke - - 2013
Photosystem II uses light to drive water oxidation and plastoquinone (PQ) reduction. PQ reduction involves two PQ cofactors, Q(A) and Q(B), working in series. Q(A) is a one-electron carrier, whereas Q(B) undergoes sequential reduction and protonation to form Q(B)H(2). Q(B)H(2) exchanges with PQ from the pool in the membrane. Based ...
Monecke Thomas - - 2013
In eukaryotes, the nucleocytoplasmic transport of macromolecules is mainly mediated by soluble nuclear transport receptors of the karyopherin-β superfamily termed importins and exportins. The highly versatile exportin chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1) is essential for nuclear depletion of numerous structurally and functionally unrelated protein and ribonucleoprotein cargoes. CRM1 has been ...
Venkataraman Vivek V - - 2013
Paleoanthropologists have long argued--often contentiously--about the climbing abilities of early hominins and whether a foot adapted to terrestrial bipedalism constrained regular access to trees. However, some modern humans climb tall trees routinely in pursuit of honey, fruit, and game, often without the aid of tools or support systems. Mortality and ...
Stoddard Steven T - - 2013
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease of growing global health importance. Prevention efforts focus on mosquito control, with limited success. New insights into the spatiotemporal drivers of dengue dynamics are needed to design improved disease-prevention strategies. Given the restricted range of movement of the primary mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti, local human ...
Condon Robert H - - 2013
A perceived recent increase in global jellyfish abundance has been portrayed as a symptom of degraded oceans. This perception is based primarily on a few case studies and anecdotal evidence, but a formal analysis of global temporal trends in jellyfish populations has been missing. Here, we analyze all available long-term ...
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