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Hülsheger Ute R - - 2012
Mindfulness describes a state of consciousness in which individuals attend to ongoing events and experiences in a receptive and non-judgmental way. The present research investigated the idea that mindfulness reduces emotional exhaustion and improves job satisfaction. The authors further suggest that these associations are mediated by the emotion regulation strategy ...
Monroe Todd - - 2012
Pain management in people with dementia is a critical problem. Recently, psychophysical and neuroimaging techniques have been used to extend our understanding of pain processing in the brain as well as to identify structural and functional changes in Alzheimer disease (AD). But interpreting the complex relationship between AD pathology, brain ...
- - 2013
Recess is at the heart of a vigorous debate over the role of schools in promoting the optimal development of the whole child. A growing trend toward reallocating time in school to accentuate the more academic subjects has put this important facet of a child's school day at risk. Recess ...
Côté Stéphane - - 2012
Though scholars have speculated for centuries on links between individuals' social class standing and approach to moral reasoning, little systematic research exists on how class and morality are associated. Here, we investigate whether the tendency of upper-class individuals to exhibit reduced empathy makes them more likely to resist intuitionist options ...
Hedlin Michael A H - - 2013
We discuss the use of reverse time migration (RTM) with dense seismic networks for the detection and location of sources of atmospheric infrasound. Seismometers measure the response of the Earth's surface to infrasound through acoustic-to-seismic coupling. RTM has recently been applied to data from the USArray network to create a ...
Hou Yidong - - 2012
The chiral structures have displayed some inevitable and fascinating properties in many research fields, such as chemistry, biology, mathematics and physics. In this paper, we report the use of step-wise glancing angle deposition technology to produce the 3D chiral nano-structures. Through the optimization of deposition parameters (such as the orientation ...
Fang Lin - - 2012
Asian Americans have been largely ignored in the prevention outcome literature. In this study, we tested a parent-child program with a sample of Asian American adolescent girls and their mothers, and evaluated the program's efficacy on decreasing girls' substance use and modifying risk and protective factors at individual, family, and ...
Wöhlert Susanne - - 2012
Reaction of iron(II) thiocyanate with an excess of trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)-ethylene (bpe) in acetonitrile at room temperature leads to the formation of [Fe(NCS)(2)(bpe)(2)·(bpe)] (1), which is isotypic to its Co(II) analogue. Using slightly different reaction conditions the literature known compound [Fe(NCS)(2)(bpe)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (2) was obtained as a phase pure material. Simultaneous differential thermoanalysis ...
Wang Zhiwen - - 2012
Previous studies that focused on age-related changes in the performance of theory of mind (ToM) in older adults have provided conflicting results. ToM consists of cognitive and affective mentalizing processes. Mixed calculation of different aspects of ToM may have contributed to the conflicting results and fails to detect the specific ...
Choi Kyung-Mi - - 2012
For the efficient cytoplasmic delivery of siRNA in a receptor-specific fashion, we designed a p19-YSA fusion protein composed of p19 RNA binding protein and ephrin mimetic peptide (YSA peptide). The resulting recombinant protein had the high affinity for EphA2 receptor overexpressed on cancer cells as well as the complexing ability ...
Vannucci Anna - - 2012
Objective: We used latent profile analysis (LPA) to classify children and adolescents into subtypes based on the overlap of disinhibited eating behaviors-eating in the absence of hunger, emotional eating, and subjective and objective binge eating. Method: Participants were 411 youths (8-18 years) from the community who reported on their disinhibited ...
Cornell Sonia A - - 2012
The precise structure of speech sound representations is still a matter of debate. In the present neurobiological study, we compared predictions about differential sensitivity to speech contrasts between models that assume full specification of all phonological information in the mental lexicon with those assuming sparse representations (only contrastive or otherwise ...
Sago Carrie E - - 2013
The patient was a 23-year-old man, currently serving in a military airborne operations unit. During a jump training exercise, the patient's right lower extremity became entangled in his parachute equipment upon exiting the aircraft, which caused hyperextension and valgus forces upon his right knee. Due to concern for a fracture, ...
Bishop Christopher M - - 2013
Several decades of research in the field of machine learning have resulted in a multitude of different algorithms for solving a broad range of problems. To tackle a new application, a researcher typically tries to map their problem onto one of these existing methods, often influenced by their familiarity with ...
Keipert Susanne - - 2012
Ectopic expression of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in skeletal muscle (SM) mitochondria considerably increases lifespan in high fat diet fed UCP1 TG mice in comparison to wildtype (WT). In order to clarify the underlying mechanisms we investigated substrate metabolism as well as oxidative stress damage and antioxidant defense in SM ...
Rim Soyon - - 2012
When do people focus more on the causes versus the consequences of events, and how does differential focus affect downstream judgments and choices? Building on construal level theory (Trope & Liberman, 2010), we propose a bidirectional relationship between psychological distance and causal focus, such that distance (vs. proximity) leads to ...
Stathopoulos Vassilios - - 2013
Bayesian analysis for Markov jump processes (MJPs) is a non-trivial and challenging problem. Although exact inference is theoretically possible, it is computationally demanding, thus its applicability is limited to a small class of problems. In this paper, we describe the application of Riemann manifold Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods ...
Heinz Hendrik - - 2012
The complexity of molecular recognition and assembly of biotic-abiotic interfaces at a scale of 1 to 1000 nm can be understood more effectively using simulation tools along with laboratory instrumentation. We discuss current capabilities and limitations of atomistic force fields and explain a strategy to obtain dependable parameters for inorganic ...
Robinson Sean M - - 2012
The Timeline Followback (TLFB), a retrospective calendar-based measure of daily substance use, was initially developed to obtain self-reports of alcohol use. Since its inception it has undergone extensive evaluation across diverse populations and is considered the most psychometrically sound self-report measure of drinking. Although the TLFB has been extended to ...
Hale Karl J - - 2012
A new method for ketone enolate C-acylation is described which utilizes alkyl pentafluorophenylcarbonates, thiocarbonates, and thionocarbonates as the reactive acylating agents, and MgBr(2)·Et(2)O, DMAP, and i-Pr(2)NEt as the reagents for enolization. A wide range of ketones have been observed to undergo clean C-acylation via this protocol.
Raue Andreas - - 2013
Increasingly complex applications involve large datasets in combination with nonlinear and high-dimensional mathematical models. In this context, statistical inference is a challenging issue that calls for pragmatic approaches that take advantage of both Bayesian and frequentist methods. The elegance of Bayesian methodology is founded in the propagation of information content ...
Huo Hong - - 2012
Electric vehicles (EVs) and compressed natural gas vehicles (CNGVs), which are mainly coal-based and natural gas-based, are the two most widely proposed replacements of gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) in China. We examine fuel-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), PM2.5, PM10, NOx and SO2 of CNGVs and EVs relative ...
Goissis Marcelo D - - 2012
Abstract The production of healthy, live, cloned animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been hampered by low efficiencies. Significant epigenetic changes must take place to ensure proper chromatin remodeling in SCNT. We hypothesized that exogenous expression of OCT4 in donor fibroblasts prior to its fusion with enucleated oocytes ...
Dewald Andrew D - - 2012
Research has demonstrated that irrelevant suprathreshold motion stimuli that are aligned with attended targets in a separate task, fail to illicit inhibitory control in a subsequent motion direction discrimination task (Tsushima, Seitz, & Watanabe, 2008). We extended these findings to conditions involving higher exposure levels to a more salient stimulus ...
De Leo Joseph Anthony - - 2012
Given the widespread use of the Internet, researchers have begun to examine the personal and social consequences associated with excessive online involvement. The present study examined college students' problematic Internet use (PIU) behaviors within the framework of Jessor and Jessor's (1977) problem-behavior theory. Its specific aim was to investigate the ...
James Dustin K - - 2012
Graphene's unique physical and electrical properties (high tensile strength, Young's modulus, electron mobility, and thermal conductivity) have led to its nickname of "super carbon." Graphene research involves the study of several different physical forms of the material: powders, flakes, ribbons, and sheets and others not yet named or imagined. Within ...
Rau Nathan J - - 2012
The electronic structures of phenylnitrenes with anionic π-donating substituents are investigated by using mass spectrometry and electronic structure calculations. Reactions of para-CH2-substituted phenylnitrene formed by dissociative deprotonation of p-azidotoluene, with CS2 and NO indicate that it has a closed-shell singlet ground state, whereas reactions of p-oxidophenylnitrene formed by dissociative deprotonation ...
Laukka Erika J - - 2012
Associations between genotypes and cognitive outcomes may provide clues as to which mechanisms cause individual differences in old-age cognitive performance. We investigated the effects of five polymorphisms on cognitive functioning in a population-based sample of 2,694 persons without dementia (60-102 years). A structural equation model (SEM) was fit to the ...
Lee Young Lim - - 2012
We tested whether the presence of symmetry improves shape discrimination across changes in viewpoint and lighting for smoothly curved 3D objects. We constructed symmetric and asymmetric versions of random 3D shapes by manipulating their spherical harmonic representations. Matched objects had the same power spectra and appear highly similar except for ...
Kirsanova Maria A - - 2012
A first clathrate compound with selenium guest atoms, [Ge(46-x)P(x)]Se(8-y)□(y) (x = 15.4(1); y = 0-2.65; □ denotes a vacancy), was synthesized as a single-phase and structurally characterized. It crystallizes in the space group Fm3̅ with the unit cell parameter a varying from 20.310(2) to 20.406(2) Å and corresponding to a ...
Henry Julie D - - 2012
Age-related difficulties in understanding basic emotional signals are now well established, but less clear is how aging affects theory of mind (ToM), which refers to the understanding of more complex emotions and mental states. A meta-analysis of 23 datasets involving 1462 (790 younger and 672 older) participants was conducted in ...
Cheng Xin R - - 2012
A number of human protein misfolding disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), are closely related to the accumulation of β-sheet-rich amyloid fibrils or aggregates. Neuronal toxicity in AD has been linked to the interactions of amyloid-β (Aβ) with metals, especially Zn2+, Cu2+ and Fe3+, which leads to the production of reactive ...
Rieber Nikolaus - - 2012
Pseudomonas aeruginosa persists in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and drives CF lung disease progression. P. aeruginosa potently activates the innate immune system, mainly mediated through pathogen-associated molecular patterns, such as flagellin. However, the host is unable to eradicate this flagellated bacterium efficiently. The underlying immunological mechanisms are incompletely understood. ...
Nair Uma S - - 2012
Smoking is often used as a maladaptive weight control strategy among female smokers. Many of the perceived benefits accrued from smoking, including enhanced mood, reduced anxiety, and weight control, can also be achieved through physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a novel behavioral ...
Ahnert Lieselotte - - 2012
The present study involved 120 kindergartners, of whom n = 60 were followed up to first grade. Upon making inquiries regarding closeness in teacher-child relationships in the classrooms, the children participated in a laboratory situation in which they were exposed to computerized tasks. These tasks challenged the cognitive processes thought ...
Cho Jeff C - - 2012
Social projection and self-stereotyping are rival explanations for self-other correspondence, in which people tend to perceive a high degree of similarity between themselves and others. The present research shows that both accounts are correct-that is, that knowledge of the self and knowledge of others are mutually constraining. In Study 1, ...
Huang Szu-Chi - - 2012
Individuals have different concerns before and after they become relatively certain about a goal's attainability; hence, we propose that the presence of alternative means of goal attainment will have a distinctive impact on motivation, depending on their stage of goal pursuit. In the initial stage of goal pursuit, people are ...
Roberts Brent W - - 2012
Conscientiousness is a personality construct that is a core determinant of health, positive aging, and human capital. A large body of work has contributed to our understanding of this important aspect of personality, but there are multiple conceptual and methodological issues that complicate our understanding of conscientiousness. Toward this end, ...
Fabrizio Cecilia S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This paper describes efforts to generate evidence for community-developed programs to enhance family relationships in the Chinese culture of Hong Kong, within the framework of community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS: The CBPR framework was applied to help maximize the development of the intervention and the public health impact ...
Genc Gurkan - - 2012
Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the predictive value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) for acute kidney injury (AKI) among septic preterm infants.Methods Twenty-six very low-birth-weight (VLBW) babies were separated into three groups: group I, healthy preterms; group II, preterms with sepsis but without AKI; group III, preterms with sepsis ...
Kohli Payal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the effect of potent platelet inhibition following acute coronary syndrome on total (i.e. first and recurrent) occurrences of any of the primary outcome events (e.g. cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) as well as on other ischemic events, such as urgent revascularization, (severe) recurrent ischemia ...
Shimomura Ayane - - 2012
The implementation of a reactive functional group onto a material surface is of great importance. Reactive functional groups (e.g. an amino group and a hydroxyl group) are usually hydrophilic, which makes difficult to display them on a dry polymer surface. We here propose a novel method for displaying amino groups ...
Warwick Richard - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The red cell distribution width (RDW) has been identified as an independent risk factor with regard to prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease with or without heart failure. We sought to investigate the role of RDW in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: Analysis ...
Seren Umit - - 2012
Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model organism for understanding the genetics and molecular biology of plants. Its highly selfing nature, small size, short generation time, small genome size, and wide geographic distribution make it an ideal model organism for understanding natural variation. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have proven a useful ...
Choi Jin-Ho - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite complete interruption of antegrade coronary artery flow in the setting of a chronic total occlusion (CTO), clinical recognition of myocardial infarction (MI) is often challenging. Using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), we investigated the frequency and extent of MI in patients with CTO, and assessed their relationship with ...
Bielecki Aleksander - - 2012
Abstract A new species of fish leech from Poland, Piscicola burresoni n. sp. (Piscicolidae), is described. It was found in 2007 on stones and on pike (Esox lucius L.) and chub (Leuciscus cephalus L.) in the Łyna River, Poland. The leech is small, relatively flattened, with a prominent coarctation between ...
Hyvärinen Aapo - - 2013
Independent component analysis is a probabilistic method for learning a linear transform of a random vector. The goal is to find components that are maximally independent and non-Gaussian (non-normal). Its fundamental difference to classical multi-variate statistical methods is in the assumption of non-Gaussianity, which enables the identification of original, underlying ...
Meng Xianwei - - 2012
The application of electronic paper (e-paper) is now propelling the development of the multifunctional e-paper products. There is an extraordinary diversity of basic and applied research in pursuit of the novel e-paper. Here, we report the first achievement of a magnetic-electric dual driving e-paper, using the black magnetic electrophoretic particles ...
Beer Lucian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is known to induce a short pro- and long-lasting anti-inflammatory immune response. The anti-inflammatory protein soluble ST2 (sST2) may be involved in the pathogenesis of postoperative immune dysfunction. We investigated whether continued mechanical ventilation during CPB has an impact on postoperative serum sST2 and cytokine release. ...
Winfree Walter R - - 2012
The U.S. Spanish-speaking population has rapidly increased in recent decades and there is a need for psychometrically supported assessment measures for researchers and clinicians who work with this population. A Spanish version of a self-report measure of gamblers' cognitive distortions [Gamblers' Beliefs Questionnaire (GBQ); Steenbergh, Meyers, Whelan, & May, 2002] ...
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