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Results 201 - 250 of 2979
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Schweiger B - - 2013
For many years, the Working Group on Influenza (AGI) has been the most important influenza surveillance system in Germany. An average sample of the population is covered by both syndromic and virological surveillance, which provides timely data regarding the onset and course of the influenza wave as well as its ...
Hebar Alexandra - - 2013
The last decades were characterized by enormous technological advances resulting in a better understanding of disease pathologies and improvement of treatment strategies. The development of targeted drugs, whose beginning can be traced back to Paul Ehrlich's theory of the 'magic bullet' approximately 100 years ago, is today widely appraised as ...
Balmaks Reinis - - 2013
For the first time, we studied molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus in hospitalized children in Latvia. During the study period, ten unique group A and three group B strains were identified and assigned to a single genotype within each group-GA2 for group A and BA-IV for group B.
Gottvall Maria - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the relational aspects of the consent process for HPV vaccination as experienced by school nurses, based on the assumption that individuals have interests related to persons close to them, which is not necessarily to be apprehended as a restriction of autonomy; rather ...
Klenk H D - - 2013
Wild aquatic birds are natural hosts for a large variety of influenza A viruses. Occasionally, viruses are transmitted from this reservoir to other species, such as chickens, pigs, and man, and may then cause devastating outbreaks in domestic poultry or give rise to human influenza pandemics. The H5N1-, H7N7-, H9N2-, ...
Sepanlou Sadaf G SG Digestive Disease Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, - - 2013
The Gastro-Esophageal Malignancies in Northern Iran (GEMINI) research project is an example of recent progress in health research in Iran. The original aim of this project was to identify etiologic factors and prevention measures for upper gastrointestinal cancers in Northern provinces of Iran, but its achievements have gone much beyond ...
Bulloch Marilyn N - - 2013
Fentanyl pectin nasal spray is a novel intranasal formulation for the management of breakthrough cancer pain in patients taking and tolerant to opioids for persistent cancer pain. The pectin-based delivery modulates the product's transmucosal absorption. Nasal delivery allows fentanyl pectin nasal spray to achieve a greater maximum plasma concentration than ...
Ernste Floranne C FC Division of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
Recently, there have been important advances in the understanding of the pathophysiologic features, assessment, and management of patients with a newly diagnosed idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). Myositis-specific autoantibodies have been identified to define patient subgroups and offer prognostic implications. Similarly, proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 6 and type 1 interferon-dependent ...
Segool Natasha K - - 2013
: The purpose of the study was to examine how access factors affect prescribing practices of psychotropic medications among pediatricians. More specifically, the aim of the current study was to examine differences in the treatment of mental and behavioral health problems among children and adolescents across small nonmetropolitan, regional, metropolitan, ...
Mishra Shashikant - - 2013
A 68-year-old woman was diagnosed to have a left-to-right L-shaped crossed-fused kidney with staghorn calculi in both renal moieties on evaluation for abdominal pain. She underwent supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy using 3 tracts in 3 stages. By using 3-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography urogram, proper preoperative planning, appropriate patient positioning, ultrasound-guided access, ...
Kuang Bin - - 2013
The purposes of this research were to investigate the long-term responses of mandibular condylar cartilage to experimentally induced disordered occlusion and to evaluate changes in the expression of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis. Experimentally induced disordered occlusions were created in 8-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats by orthodontic methods. After 24 weeks, remodeling of ...
Werber D - - 2013
Timely outbreak detection is a major objective of the surveillance of food-borne infections. In this regard molecular subtyping is a very useful tool for several bacterial pathogens, e.g. enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), Listeria monocytogenes and various serotypes of non-typhoidal Salmonella. The basis is the characterization of patient isolates by molecular methods, ...
Samalavicius Narimantas Evaldas - - 2013
Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is one of the intractable complications following chemoradiation and total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer. It is supposed that there is a strong possibility of this complication occurring in patients after radiation therapy and having underlying sepsis. We describe herein two female patients (73 and 40 ...
Gujar Prateek P Department of Cornea, Ratan Jyoti Netralaya, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, - - 2013
We report a diabetic patient with bilateral Descemet's membrane (DM) detachment after successive phacoemulsification. The DM detachments were diagnosed and documented in early postoperative period using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) and managed successfully by descemetopexy using 14% C3F8. This case highlights that some patients may be anatomically predisposed ...
Inzinger Martin M Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria. - - 2013
In recent years, cutaneous complications have been reported after implantation of medical devices as a result of their widespread use. We report a case of reticular telangiectatic erythema (RTE) after replacement of a spinal cord stimulator. To date, the pathogenesis of RTE has been poorly understood. Some reports have suggested ...
Alehagen Urban - - 2013
Use of new biomarkers in the handling of heart failure patients has been advocated in the literature, but most often in hospital-based populations. Therefore, we wanted to evaluate whether plasma measurement of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), midregional pro-A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), and midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM), individually or combined, gives ...
Luchini Federica - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We present the history of four bipolar patients who developed neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) after antipsychotic treatment, focusing on the relationship between NMS and catatonia. In all cases, the administration of antipsychotics has been suspended as soon as fever and autonomic disturbances occurred. A supportive therapy was initiated to ...
Ragavendran J Vaigunda - - 2013
Growing evidence indicates that various chronic pain syndromes exhibit tissue abnormalities caused by microvasculature dysfunction in the blood vessels of skin, muscle, or nerve. We tested whether topical combinations aimed at improving microvascular function would relieve allodynia in animal models of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) and neuropathic ...
Huang Greg J GJ Professor and chair, Department of Orthodontics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7446, USA. - - 2013
White spot lesions are a common sequela of orthodontic therapy. In this parallel-group randomized trial, we assessed the effectiveness of 2 agents commonly used to ameliorate white spot lesions compared with a normal home-care regimen. Patients aged 12 to 20 years were recruited from the offices of orthodontists and dentists ...
Zarrindast Mohammad Reza - - 2013
The amnesic effect of morphine is well known in the laboratory animals. But, it is unclear that morphine at what times can exactly affect different phases of memory, including acquisition, consolidation, and retrieval. Therefore, we investigated the time profile of morphine's amnesic effect on passive (inhibitory) avoidance learning and memory ...
Teeninga Nynke N Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Erasmus University Medical Centre—Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Prolonged prednisolone treatment for the initial episode of childhood nephrotic syndrome may reduce relapse rate, but whether this results from the increased duration of treatment or a higher cumulative dose remains unclear. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 69 hospitals in The Netherlands. We randomly assigned 150 children ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Department of Exercise Science, Donna and Allan Lansing School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Bellarmine University, Louisville, KY 40205, USA. - - 2013
To examine the association between accelerometer-derived sedentary and physical activity and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a nationally representative sample of men in the United States. Data from the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cycles were used in the present study, with data from 1672 adult male ...
Meijer Julia H - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The current study investigated whether candidate cognitive endophenotypes may be used to validate a schizo-obsessive subtype. Using within-subject random effect regression analyses and cross-trait cross-relative analyses, we evaluated the association between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCSs) and cognitive performance in 984 patients with nonaffective psychosis (22.5% with OCSs), 973 unaffected siblings ...
Tyystjärvi Esa - - 2013
Photoinhibition of Photosystem II (PSII) is the light-induced loss of PSII electron-transfer activity. Although photoinhibition has been studied for a long time, there is no consensus about its mechanism. On one hand, production of singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)) by PSII has promoted models in which this reactive oxygen species (ROS) is ...
Galyani Moghaddam Tahereh - - 2013
Diseases of the gall bladder have been reported to be the most common cause for non-obstetrical hospitalizations during the first year postpartum. Therefore we designed a prospective study to evaluate the incidence and natural outcome of pregnancy-related biliary sludge and stones, and to define the potential risk factors in a ...
Tatone Carla - - 2013
The development of a competent oocyte intimately depends on the maintenance of energetic homeostasis in the ovarian and follicular microenvironment. On this basis, it is very likely that the oocyte ages as the ovary ages. Starting from the molecular evidence for energy perturbations in the whole ovary, we review current ...
Kohlwein Sepp D - - 2013
Lipid droplets (LDs) and peroxisomes are central players in cellular lipid homeostasis: some of their main functions are to control the metabolic flux and availability of fatty acids (LDs and peroxisomes) as well as of sterols (LDs). Both fatty acids and sterols serve multiple functions in the cell-as membrane stabilizers ...
Ward Thomas J - - 2013
To review the effect of preoperative embolization of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) before endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) on subsequent endoleaks and aneurysm growth. Between August 2002 and May 2010, 108 patients underwent IMA embolization before EVAR. Coil embolization was performed in all patients in whom the IMA was successfully ...
Parekh Arti A Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
To report the relative incidence of the perceived reduction in penile size across prostate cancer treatment modalities and to describe its effect on quality of life and treatment regret. The incidence of patient complaints about reduced penile size was calculated for 948 men in the Comprehensive, Observational, Multicenter, Prostate Adenocarcinoma ...
Bhatia Parul - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: While newborn hearing screening has improved outcomes for children diagnosed with hearing loss, the screening protocol is incomplete in the critical early developmental years, particularly among underserved populations. To address this gap, 7 federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) implemented a periodic, objective infant-toddler hearing screening program during well-child visits. ...
Tang Alexander T H - - 2013
The aim of this in-vivo study study was to evaluate the effect of excluding the liquid resin component of a composite bonding product that is based on bisphenol A diglycidylmethacrylate when bonding lingual retainers. The material comprised 40 metal multistrand lingual retainers bonded onto the lingual surfaces of maxillary and ...
Kern W V - - 2013
The 2011 EHEC/HUS outbreak created uncertainty regarding the previous recommendations of withholding antibiotic therapy and regarding rational measures for prevention of invasive meningococcal disease after treatment with the monoclonal antibody eculizumab. For both these areas, an expert panel of the German Society for Infectious Diseases in cooperation with representatives of ...
Ng Soo K SK Department of Ophthalmology, South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Level 8, East Wing Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South - - 2013
A 39-year-old female with elevated serum cobalt levels from her bilateral hip prostheses presented with a 3-week history of blurred vision in her left eye. Optical coherence tomography revealed patchy degeneration of the photoreceptor-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) complex. The lesions were hypofluorescent on indocyanine green angiography. We postulate that this ...
Winkler Gábor - - 2013
Bariatric surgery managing/preventing complications of severe overweight is nowdays widely accepted as a mainstay in the treatment of morbid obesity. Its role is particularly important in type 2 diabetes developing on the base of long-standing significant overweight. The glycemic control improves within days-weeks after these surgeries, when weight loss and ...
Bösmüller Claudia - - 2012
We investigated the safety and efficacy of Campath induction and tacrolimus (TAC) maintenance therapy compared to ATG induction with TAC +MMF + steroids in de novo kidney-pancreas transplanted patients. 14 patients (Group A) received Campath 30 mg + methylprednisolone 500 mg before revascularization followed by TAC monotherapy, and 16 patients ...
Allen Caley - - 2012
Ionic liquids have been proposed to induce a mechanistic change in the reaction pathway for the fundamentally important base-induced β-elimination class compared to conventional solvents. The role of the reaction medium in the elimination of 1,1,1-tribromo-2,2-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethane via two bases, piperidine and pyrrolidine, has been computationally investigated using methanol and the ...
Mei Ke - - 2012
Abstract Background: Radiation therapy produced unwanted side effect on normal tissues, such as radiodermatitis. Hydrogen was previously shown capable of radiation protective in both animals and cell cultures. The effect of hydrogen was now to be investigated on radiation-induced cutaneous. Objective: Development of dermatitis is a frequent side effect of ...
Cui Gui-mei GM Key Laboratory for Zoonosis Research, Ministry of Education, Institute of Zoonosis, Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2013
To investigate the effects of the potassium-sparing diuretic amiloride on endothelial cell apoptosis during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-accelerated atherosclerosis. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to LPS (100 ng/mL) in the presence of drugs tested. The activity of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1) and calpain, intracellular free Ca(2+)level ([Ca(2+)](i)), as well ...
Ouyang Runhai - - 2012
Understanding Ostwald ripening and disintegration of supported metal particles under operating conditions have been of central importance in the study of sintering and dispersion of heterogeneous catalysts for long term industrial implementation. To achieve a quantitative description of these complicated processes, an atomistic and generic theory taking into account of ...
Huang Li L Key Laboratory for Oral Biomedical Engineering of Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, - - 2013
To investigate the effects of anti-caries DNA vaccine-induced salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) antibodies on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) adherence and biofilms formation in vitro. Adult female Wistar rats were intranasally immunized with the anti-caries DNA vaccine pGJA-P/VAX. Their saliva samples were collected at different times after the immunization, and ...
Park Young Woon - - 2012
Abstract Background: Propranolol has recently become a successful first-line therapy in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas(IHs). Objective: To evaluate and analyze our experience of propranolol treatment for IHs. Methods: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. Medical records were reviewed. To evaluate the outcome of treatment, serial digital photographs using a ...
Yang Li-jing LJ Department of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2013
Gambogic acid (GA) is the main active ingredient of gamboge, a brownish to orange dry resin secreted from Garcinia hanburyi, a plant that is widely distributed in nature. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that GA exerts potent antitumor effects against solid tumors of various derivations, and ...
Rehammar Robert - - 2012
We demonstrate an electrically tunable 2D photonic crystal array constructed from vertically aligned carbon nanofibers. The nanofibers are actuated by applying a voltage between adjacent carbon nanofiber pairs grown directly on metal electrodes, thus dynamically changing the form factor of the photonic crystal lattice. The change in optical properties is ...
Hill Jonathan Patrick - - 2012
Two complementary examples of porphyrin nanoarchitectonics are presented. Fabrication of binary molecular monolayers using two different porphyrin molecules tetrakis(3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (1) and tetrakis(4-pyridyl)porphyrin (2) by deposition in ultrahigh vacuum was demonstrated. Two unusual heteromolecular monolayer structures were observed with one exhibiting good separation of 1 molecules within the monolayer. Also, a ...
Yang Chun-Hua - - 2012
Fungal infections after liver transplantation have received considerable interests because of their association with substantial morbidity and mortality. This study investigated risk factors of fungal infection after liver transplantation. Retrospective analysis was performed based on clinical data from 120 patients with fungal infection after liver transplantation from January 1, 2003 ...
Kaczmarek Ingo - - 2012
Lung transplantation for end-stage pulmonary disease is an established procedure and the number of transplantations is increasing worldwide even in developing countries. Usually donor lungs are transported in an inflated state and the bronchi are closed with a stapler device. We present a technique that avoids costly stapler devices and ...
Olczak-Kowalczyk Dorota - - 2012
Systemic complications in patients after renal or liver transplantation may be localized in the oral cavity. Calcium-phosphate disturbances may affect the structure and metabolism of mandible bones, promote calcification of dental pulp, and in children may cause developmental defects of teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Hilling Denise E - - 2012
Many donor and recipient factors are known to affect pancreas graft survival. However, their relative importance in explaining differences in graft survival is unknown. Purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the impact of donor and recipient factors on pancreas graft survival, and compare their contribution in explaining graft ...
di Francesco Fabrizio - - 2012
An ongoing shortage of organs for liver transplantation has led surgeons to continually modify criteria for organ acceptance, which are now defined as extended criteria. The organ shortage becomes more problematic in retransplantation, in which the use of a limited resource such as a liver graft with anatomic variation must ...
Sarker Swapan Chandra - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to identify the potential risk factors for subclinical mastitis (SCM) in lactating dairy cows in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out on randomly selected 212 smallholder dairy farms of Sadar upazilas of Rangpur, Mymensingh, and Satkhira districts of Bangladesh during January to October ...
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