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Rafiei Tabatabaei Sedigheh - - 2013
In Iran, the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR) is administered in a two-dose protocol where the first dose is scheduled at 12 months of age. This study aims to determine the efficacy of the MMR vaccine by testing IgM and IgG antibody levels 4 - 7 weeks after primary ...
St Sauver Jennifer L JL Division of Epidemiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
To describe the prevalence of nonacute conditions among patients seeking health care in a defined US population, emphasizing age, sex, and ethnic differences. The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) medical records linkage system was used to identify all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, on April 1, 2009, who had consented to ...
Rodrigo Guillermo - - 2013
Robustness is considered a ubiquitous property of living systems at all levels of organization, and small noncoding RNA (sncRNA) is a genuine model for its study at the molecular level. In this communication, we question whether microRNA precursors (pre-miRNAs) are actually structurally robust, as previously suggested. We found that natural ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether non-cutting point needles were better than cutting point needles at reducing the incidence of postdural puncture headache in children undergoing lumbar puncture for cerebrospinal fluid cultures. Three separate searches of Medline found 77 papers using the reported searches, of which six ...
Chen Taibo - - 2013
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) are commonly encountered in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Frequent ventricular ectopy can be associated with deterioration of cardiac function and may lead to VPC-induced cardiomyopathy. VPC-induced inter- and/or intraventricular dyssynchrony has been postulated as the main mechanism underlying VPC-induced left ventricular dysfunction. For risk ...
Brown Scott - - 2013
CASE:: Mrs. Forrest brought Jackie, her 11-year-old adopted daughter, to her pediatrician with a range of concerns, including problems with attention, school performance, anxiety, and frequent oppositional behaviors. Jackie was removed from school because of her mother's concern that the "school was not doing enough" to help Jackie. School reports ...
Huyghe Eric - - 2013
To compare the results of retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy using the antegrade and retrograde approach. We performed an analysis of a single-center series of 279 retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomies from 1996 to 2010. We compared 172 cases performed with an antegrade approach and 107 with a retrograde approach without dissection of the ...
Kong Jiang-Ti JT Department of Anesthesia, Division of Pain Medicine, Stanford Neuroscience and Pain Laboratory, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94304, - - 2013
Temporal summation (TS) refers to the increased perception of pain with repetitive noxious stimuli. It is a behavioral correlate of wind-up, the spinal facilitation of recurring C-fiber stimulation. In order to utilize TS in clinical pain research, it is important to characterize TS in a wide range of individuals and ...
Wiechmann Allan F - - 2013
Melatonin is a chemical signal of darkness that is produced by retinal photoreceptors and pinealocytes. In the retina, melatonin diffuses from the photoreceptors to bind to specific receptors on a variety of inner retinal neurons to modify their activity. Potential target cells for melatonin in the inner retina are amacrine ...
Sarrafzadegan Nizal - - 2013
This study evaluated the outcome of a comprehensive, community-based healthy lifestyle program on cardiometabolic risk factors. The Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) was a comprehensive action-oriented, multi-component intervention with a quasi-experimental design and reference area.   IHHP targeted the population-at-large (n = 2,180,000) in three districts in central Iran. Data ...
Chaux Alcides - - 2013
To evaluate immunohistochemical expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway members in pT1 urothelial carcinomas treated by transurethral resection and to determine if immunohistochemistry can be used to predict prognosis. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 156 patients with pT1 urothelial carcinoma treated by ...
Park Hee Jin - - 2013
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a small (∼12kDa) protein that occurs in all eukaryotes and participates in the reversible posttranslational modification of target cellular proteins. The three-dimensional structure of SUMO and ubiquitin (Ub) are superimposable although there is very little similarity in their primary amino acid sequences. In all organisms, ...
Mirabella Davide - - 2013
A 13-year-old girl came with the chief complaint of an unesthetic dental appearance. Her maxillary canines were bilaterally impacted. Treatment included extraction of the maxillary canines and the mandibular second premolars. The maxillary first premolars were substituted for the canines. After 26 months of active treatment, the patient had a ...
Betsch C - - 2013
During the influenza pandemic in 2009 individuals had the choice of either receiving a vaccination or running the risk of becoming infected with the pandemic influenza virus A (H1N1). For many individuals knowledge of a likely infection and possibly serious health consequences stood in contrast to a vague fear of ...
Lee Michael C MC Centre for Functional MRI ofBrain (FMRIB), Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2013
Cannabis is reported to be remarkably effective for the relief of otherwise intractable pain. However, the bases for pain relief afforded by this psychotropic agent are debatable. Nonetheless, the frontal-limbic distribution of cannabinoid receptors in the brain suggests that cannabis may target preferentially the affective qualities of pain. This central ...
Wang Jufang J Center of Translational Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, - - 2013
Alterations in expression and activity of cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX1) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Using transgenic mice in which expression of rat NCX1 was induced at 5 weeks of age, we performed transverse aortic constriction (TAC) at 8 weeks and examined cardiac and myocyte function ...
Van Ameringen Michael - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Panic attacks have been reported by patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in response to catastrophic worry. This has not been characterized in the literature. We examined the prevalence of GAD panic attacks in an anxiety disorders clinic sample. Charts of 254 patients with DSM-IV GAD were retrospectively evaluated. ...
Raina Amresh - - 2013
Right ventricular failure (RVF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation results in significant morbidity and mortality. Preoperative parameters from transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) that predict RVF after LVAD implantation might identify patients in need of temporary or permanent right ventricular (RV) mechanical or inotropic support. Records of all patients who ...
Cushing Christopher C CC Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, - - 2013
To examine female caregiver and adolescent dyad characteristics that predict the female caregiver's concern about their adolescent's weight and the degree to which caregiver concern predicts desire for physician intervention. Fifty-three caregivers of adolescents with persistent obesity were asked to report on their adolescent's quality of life (QOL), weight status, ...
Zhang Jie J Shandong University Center for Suicide Prevention Research, Jinan, Shandong, China. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation disparities among Chinese Americans and how immigration-related factors affected the outcomes. We tried to explain the differences as a function of the Chinese culture. Data were derived from the National Latino and Asian American Study, the first ...
Jaynes Cathy L - - 2013
An estimated 500,000 critical care patient transports occur annually in the United States. Little research exists to inform optimal practices, promote safety, or encourage responsible, cost-effective use of this resource. Previous efforts to develop a research agenda have not yielded significant progress in producing much-needed scientific study. Identify and characterize ...
Leidel J - - 2013
With pandemic influenza in 2009/2010 and an EHEC outbreak in 2011, the Federal Republic of Germany experienced two extensive outbreaks in the course of only 3 years. Although both infectiological crises were comparatively sucessfully coped with, certain aspects have been critically examined. One point of criticism has been the presumption that ...
Bobo William V - - 2013
This article reviews the pharmacological profile and published efficacy and tolerability/safety data of iloperidone, asenapine and lurasidone, the most recent atypical antipsychotics to be approved in the USA for the treatment of schizophrenia. All three agents are similar in terms of overall efficacy and low propensity for clinically significant weight ...
Winterbauer Nancy L - - 2013
Correctional health care is of interest to public health practitioners due to the highly vulnerable social and health characteristics of inmates, ex-offenders, and their communities, as well as the access to health care provided to them through the criminal justice system. The public health model for correctional health care has ...
Sengupta Jyoti N JN Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2013
The nociceptive transmission under pathological chronic pain conditions involves transcriptional and/or translational alteration in spinal neurotransmitters, receptor expressions, and modification of neuronal functions. Studies indicate the involvement of microRNA (miRNA) - mediated transcriptional deregulation in the pathophysiology of acute and chronic pain. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis ...
Nojomi Marzieh - - 2013
The Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement is a device to standardize reporting and improve the quality of controlled trials. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of controlled clinical trial reports by national peer-reviewed journals in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated clinical ...
Kalmbach Keri Horan KH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University, Langone Medical Center, New York City, New York, - - 2013
Telomeres mediate biologic aging in organisms as diverse as plants, yeast, and mammals. We propose a telomere theory of reproductive aging that posits telomere shortening in the female germ line as the primary driver of reproductive aging in women. Experimental shortening of telomeres in mice, which normally do not exhibit ...
Eisenberg Daniel - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We estimated the prevalence and correlates of mental health problems among college students in the United States. In 2007 and 2009, we administered online surveys with brief mental health screens to random samples of students at 26 campuses nationwide. We used sample probability weights to adjust for survey nonresponse. ...
Weingart Caroline - - 2013
Failures in communication lead to adverse events in healthcare. Handoffs, defined as the transfer of information, responsibility, and authority from one provider to another, have been identified as a cause of communication failure compromising patient safety. Locally, there was dissatisfaction among caregivers working on the general care and intensive care ...
Albert Nancy M - - 2013
Currently, fluid restriction recommendations in heart failure (HF) are based on expert opinion. After implementing a 1,000-mL/d fluid restriction for 60 days after discharge, outcomes were examined. In a randomized controlled design, hyponatremic patients (serum sodium ≤137 mg/dL) received usual care (UC; n = 26) or 1,000 mL/d fluid restriction (n = 20) at ...
Boysen Guy A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the scientific and etiological status of dissociative identity disorder (DID) by examining cases published from 2000 to 2010. In terms of scientific status, DID is a small but ongoing field of study. The review yielded 21 case studies and 80 empirical studies, ...
Schlett Christopher L - - 2013
While high-sensitivity troponin-T (hsTnT) and C-reactive protein (hsCRP) are associated with structural heart disease, we thought to determine whether biomarkers can predict which heart is healthy based on multimodality imaging. Patients from the emergency department with acute chest pain suggestive of acute coronary syndrome undergoing contrast enhanced cardiac CT and ...
Krause G - - 2013
From May to July 2012 the world's largest outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) occurred in northern Germany with dramatic consequences for the population, the health care system and the food industry. In the following we examine the detection of the outbreak, epidemic management and related public communication aspects based ...
Reddy A Srinivas AS Integrated Molecular Discovery Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2013
In recent years, even with remarkable scientific advancements and a significant increase of global research and development spending, drugs are frequently withdrawn from markets. This is primarily due to their side effects or toxicities. Drug molecules often interact with multiple targets, coined as polypharmacology, and the unintended drug-target interactions could ...
Brown C S - - 2013
Between 2005 and 2011, the WHO Regional Office for Europe assisted the member states of the WHO European Region to prepare and respond to outbreaks of avian influenza H5N1, the 2009 pandemic, and to enhance their capacities for the prevention and control of seasonal influenza. It did this through conducting ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether there was evidence to suggest that propofol should be avoided in patients with known egg allergy. Ninety-two papers were found in Medline using the reported searches, of which two presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date ...
Nielsen Britt A - - 2013
ABSTRACT:: The increasing use of electronic health records (EHRs) allows for sharing of information across clinicians, quick access to laboratory results, and supports for documentation. However, this environment raises new issues of ethics and privacy, and it magnifies other issues that existed with paper records. In developmental-behavioral pediatrics (DBP) practice, ...
Sugihara Toru - - 2013
To assess the effect of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) before laparoscopic nephrectomy in terms of operation time and perioperative complications. Patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy for T1-T3 tumors were identified in the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database from 2008 to 2010. The patients were stratified into a preoperative MBP group (polyethylene ...
Liang De-Yong DY Department of Anesthesiology, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA. - - 2013
Repeated administration of opioids such as morphine induces persistent behavioral changes including opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH), tolerance, and physical dependence. In the current work we explored how the balance of histone acetyltransferase (HAT) versus histone deacetylase (HDAC) might regulate these morphine-induced changes. Nociceptive thresholds, analgesia, and physical dependence were assessed during ...
Jakubczyk Andrzej A Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2013
Impulsivity is an important risk factor of severe course of alcohol dependence. However, the significance of environmental determinants of impulsivity has been underestimated. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial factors increasing the level of impulsivity in alcoholics. Levels of impulsivity were measured in 304 alcohol-dependent patients. The ...
Hu Li - - 2013
Nociceptive stimuli can induce a transient suppression of electroencephalographic oscillations in the alpha frequency band (ie, alpha event-related desynchronization, α-ERD). Here we investigated whether α-ERD could be functionally distinguished in 2 temporally and spatially segregated subcomponents as suggested by previous studies. In addition, we tested whether the degree of dependence ...
Kiblawi Zeina N ZN LA BioMed Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90502, - - 2013
To assess for the increased risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in young children with prenatal methamphetamine exposure from the multicenter, longitudinal Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle (IDEAL) study. The IDEAL study enrolled 412 mother-infant pairs at 4 sites (Tulsa, OK; Des Moines, IA; Los Angeles, CA; and Honolulu, HI). ...
Ess Michael - - 2013
Elevated serum phosphate levels are associated with excess risk for cardiovascular mortality in patients with and without chronic kidney disease and with increased risk for incident heart failure. We determined the association of serum phosphate concentrations with disease severity and long-term outcome in patients with overt heart failure. Clinical and ...
Fawzi Mounir H - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate the relation of trauma profile to schizophrenia psychopathology in a sample of Egyptian drug-naïve adolescent patients with first-episode schizophrenia. In addition, a hypothesized mediating effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in this relation was formally tested. We assessed 74 eligible outpatients using the Positive and ...
Ponder Stacy N - - 2013
The goal of this study was to determine whether cone beam-computed tomography (CBCT) images with resolutions similar to those produced in orthodontic offices have sufficient resolution to accurately quantify root resorption defects. Teeth containing simulated root defects were scanned by microcomputed tomography (microCT) and CBCT at 0.2- and 0.4-mm resolutions ...
Flieger A - - 2013
The recognition of infection clusters via determination of clonal relationships between pathogen isolates represents the major aim of pathogen subtyping during outbreaks. In addition, a continuing and comprehensive subtyping of pathogen isolates is a prerequisite for early recognition of changes within pathogen populations, especially of new pathogen types and variants. ...
Aydin Ali - - 2013
Congenital absence of the abductor pollicis brevis is a very rare condition and is usually associated with other congenital anomalies. Here we report a case of bilateral congenital absence of the abductor pollicis brevis without any other abnormalities, which has not been previously reported. A 24-year-old Caucasian male patient presented ...
Siantar Rosalynn G RG Department of Ophthalmology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Jalan Tan Tock Seng, - - 2013
Cataract formation may be an indicator of early siderosis and has been associated with intralenticular foreign bodies. We report a unique case of histopathologically proven lens siderosis in a young man with a preceding history of trauma but no signs of retained intraocular foreign body. He presented with a total ...
Cutting Laurie E LE Education and Human Development, Education and Brain Research Laboratory, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA. - - 2013
Although an extensive literature exists on the neurobiological correlates of dyslexia (DYS), to date, no studies have examined the neurobiological profile of those who exhibit poor reading comprehension despite intact word-level abilities (specific reading comprehension deficits [S-RCD]). Here we investigated the word-level abilities of S-RCD as compared to typically developing ...
Jowkar Zahra - - 2013
  α-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is one of the most important genetic causes of childhood liver diseases in some parts of the world, but its geographic distribution is highly variable. There are many reports from Asian countries such as India, the Philippines, and China which show a very low incidence ...
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