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Segool Natasha K - - 2013
: The purpose of the study was to examine how access factors affect prescribing practices of psychotropic medications among pediatricians. More specifically, the aim of the current study was to examine differences in the treatment of mental and behavioral health problems among children and adolescents across small nonmetropolitan, regional, metropolitan, ...
Mishra Shashikant - - 2013
A 68-year-old woman was diagnosed to have a left-to-right L-shaped crossed-fused kidney with staghorn calculi in both renal moieties on evaluation for abdominal pain. She underwent supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy using 3 tracts in 3 stages. By using 3-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography urogram, proper preoperative planning, appropriate patient positioning, ultrasound-guided access, ...
Chen Si - - 2013
This report describes the treatment of a 16-year-old girl with a severe transverse dental arch discrepancy resulting from a mildly constricted maxillary arch and an overexpanded mandibular arch. The patient had a Class I skeletal relationship, a high mandibular plane angle, a Class III molar relationship, bilateral posterior crossbites, and ...
Lohmann M - - 2013
Information about and explanation of risks as well as the initiation of behavioral changes and preventive actions are core tasks of risk communication. During the EHEC/HUS outbreak in spring 2011, the governmental agencies responsible for risk communication mainly focused on these tasks. In general, risk communication is understood as a ...
Li Mingyong - - 2013
To investigate the expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) 1/2 in human hypospadiac tissue compared with that in normal penile tissue. Penile skin tissue specimens obtained at surgery during hypospadias repair or during elective circumcision were divided into 3 groups according to the position of the urethral meatus: children with ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether patients who had been successfully cardioverted after presenting to the emergency department with acute onset atrial fibrillation and who were clinically well could be safely discharged immediately. The reported searches of Medline, Embase and the Cochrane database found 96 papers, of ...
Lukovits Timothy G - - 2013
The safety, cost efficacy, and time-to-treatment benefit of air transport of stroke patients have been acknowledged. We describe stroke patients transported to our facility by helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) from a large rural area and compare 2 consecutive 3-year periods. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients ...
Stollorz V - - 2013
The first influenza pandemic in the twenty-first century is an example of how public trust in expert recommendations can erode if prognostic ability of these experts is suddenly doubted in the mass media. A highly consonant pandemic alarm communicated through the mass media can later cause heightened resonance concerning the ...
Katyal Vandana - - 2013
Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing is a continuum, with primary snoring at one end, and complete upper airway obstruction, hypoxemia, and obstructive hypoventilation at the other. The latter gives rise to obstructive sleep apnea. An important predisposing factor in the development and progression of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing might be craniofacial disharmony. The ...
Tran T - - 2013
Embryonic and postnatal development of skeletal muscle entails highly regulated processes whose complexity continues to be deconstructed. One key stage of development is the satellite cell, whose niche is composed of multiple cell types that eventually contribute to terminally differentiated myotubes. Understanding these developmental processes will ultimately facilitate treatments of ...
Zablotsky Benjamin - - 2013
: Bullying has become a major national concern, particularly as it affects children with disabilities. The current study aimed to determine the association between psychiatric comorbid conditions, involvement in bullying (victim, bully, or bully-victim), and the immediate psychological correlates of bullying among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). : A ...
Mills Peter D - - 2013
ABSTRACT: This study examines the health system factors associated with completed suicide among veterans older than 65 years. All root cause analysis reports of suicides that occurred between 2008 and 2010 in the Veterans Health Administration were reviewed; of those, 46 reports were for those 65 years or older. The ...
Alehagen Urban - - 2013
Use of new biomarkers in the handling of heart failure patients has been advocated in the literature, but most often in hospital-based populations. Therefore, we wanted to evaluate whether plasma measurement of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), midregional pro-A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), and midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM), individually or combined, gives ...
Luchini Federica - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We present the history of four bipolar patients who developed neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) after antipsychotic treatment, focusing on the relationship between NMS and catatonia. In all cases, the administration of antipsychotics has been suspended as soon as fever and autonomic disturbances occurred. A supportive therapy was initiated to ...
Ragavendran J Vaigunda - - 2013
Growing evidence indicates that various chronic pain syndromes exhibit tissue abnormalities caused by microvasculature dysfunction in the blood vessels of skin, muscle, or nerve. We tested whether topical combinations aimed at improving microvascular function would relieve allodynia in animal models of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) and neuropathic ...
Tan Winston W - - 2013
To investigate whether prostate cancer patients receiving leuprolide demonstrated objective cognitive decline accompanied by a change in plasma levels of amyloid-β. Between November 19, 2003, and July 21, 2008, we prospectively enrolled 50 patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer and measured plasma amyloid-β peptide 40 and amyloid-β peptide 42 ...
Pilhatsch Maximilian - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Courses of Parkinson's disease (PD) that are complicated by weight loss result in poorer overall treatment outcome and lower quality of life. To determine the contribution of depression, which has not yet been specified in the etiology of weight loss in PD, symptomatology and anamnesis from 215 outpatients diagnosed ...
Gremer Jennifer R - - 2013
Prolonged dormancy is a stage in herbaceous perennial plants in which some individuals remain alive below ground for one or more growing seasons instead of emerging. Prolonged dormancy is puzzling, because foregoing opportunities for growth and reproduction seems costly. However, studies have shown that it buffers plants from the negative ...
Raina Amresh - - 2013
Right ventricular failure (RVF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation results in significant morbidity and mortality. Preoperative parameters from transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) that predict RVF after LVAD implantation might identify patients in need of temporary or permanent right ventricular (RV) mechanical or inotropic support. Records of all patients who ...
Abbott Geoffrey W - - 2013
Voltage-gated ion channels respond to changes in membrane potential with conformational shifts that either facilitate or stem the movement of charged ions across the cell membrane. This controlled movement of ions is particularly important for the action potentials of excitable cells such as cardiac myocytes and therefore essential for timely ...
Hausmann Leslie R M - - 2013
Despite well-documented racial disparities in prescribing opioid medications for pain, little is known about whether there are disparities in the monitoring and follow-up treatment of patients who are prescribed opioid medications. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine whether there are racial differences in the use of recommended opioid ...
Zarrindast Mohammad Reza - - 2013
The amnesic effect of morphine is well known in the laboratory animals. But, it is unclear that morphine at what times can exactly affect different phases of memory, including acquisition, consolidation, and retrieval. Therefore, we investigated the time profile of morphine's amnesic effect on passive (inhibitory) avoidance learning and memory ...
Galyani Moghaddam Tahereh - - 2013
Diseases of the gall bladder have been reported to be the most common cause for non-obstetrical hospitalizations during the first year postpartum. Therefore we designed a prospective study to evaluate the incidence and natural outcome of pregnancy-related biliary sludge and stones, and to define the potential risk factors in a ...
Tatone Carla - - 2013
The development of a competent oocyte intimately depends on the maintenance of energetic homeostasis in the ovarian and follicular microenvironment. On this basis, it is very likely that the oocyte ages as the ovary ages. Starting from the molecular evidence for energy perturbations in the whole ovary, we review current ...
Ward Thomas J - - 2013
To review the effect of preoperative embolization of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) before endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) on subsequent endoleaks and aneurysm growth. Between August 2002 and May 2010, 108 patients underwent IMA embolization before EVAR. Coil embolization was performed in all patients in whom the IMA was successfully ...
Bhatia Parul - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: While newborn hearing screening has improved outcomes for children diagnosed with hearing loss, the screening protocol is incomplete in the critical early developmental years, particularly among underserved populations. To address this gap, 7 federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) implemented a periodic, objective infant-toddler hearing screening program during well-child visits. ...
Weingart Caroline - - 2013
Failures in communication lead to adverse events in healthcare. Handoffs, defined as the transfer of information, responsibility, and authority from one provider to another, have been identified as a cause of communication failure compromising patient safety. Locally, there was dissatisfaction among caregivers working on the general care and intensive care ...
Albert Nancy M - - 2013
Currently, fluid restriction recommendations in heart failure (HF) are based on expert opinion. After implementing a 1,000-mL/d fluid restriction for 60 days after discharge, outcomes were examined. In a randomized controlled design, hyponatremic patients (serum sodium ≤137 mg/dL) received usual care (UC; n = 26) or 1,000 mL/d fluid restriction (n = 20) at ...
Babson Kimberly A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A cardinal feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is decreased sleep quality. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is one factor that has shown early theoretical and empirical promise in better understanding the relation between sleep quality and PTSD outcomes. The current study is the first to test the independent and interactive ...
Nojomi Marzieh - - 2013
The Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement is a device to standardize reporting and improve the quality of controlled trials. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of controlled clinical trial reports by national peer-reviewed journals in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated clinical ...
Eisenberg Daniel - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We estimated the prevalence and correlates of mental health problems among college students in the United States. In 2007 and 2009, we administered online surveys with brief mental health screens to random samples of students at 26 campuses nationwide. We used sample probability weights to adjust for survey nonresponse. ...
Ponder Stacy N - - 2013
The goal of this study was to determine whether cone beam-computed tomography (CBCT) images with resolutions similar to those produced in orthodontic offices have sufficient resolution to accurately quantify root resorption defects. Teeth containing simulated root defects were scanned by microcomputed tomography (microCT) and CBCT at 0.2- and 0.4-mm resolutions ...
Flieger A - - 2013
The recognition of infection clusters via determination of clonal relationships between pathogen isolates represents the major aim of pathogen subtyping during outbreaks. In addition, a continuing and comprehensive subtyping of pathogen isolates is a prerequisite for early recognition of changes within pathogen populations, especially of new pathogen types and variants. ...
Aydin Ali - - 2013
Congenital absence of the abductor pollicis brevis is a very rare condition and is usually associated with other congenital anomalies. Here we report a case of bilateral congenital absence of the abductor pollicis brevis without any other abnormalities, which has not been previously reported. A 24-year-old Caucasian male patient presented ...
Krause G - - 2013
From May to July 2012 the world's largest outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) occurred in northern Germany with dramatic consequences for the population, the health care system and the food industry. In the following we examine the detection of the outbreak, epidemic management and related public communication aspects based ...
Brown C S - - 2013
Between 2005 and 2011, the WHO Regional Office for Europe assisted the member states of the WHO European Region to prepare and respond to outbreaks of avian influenza H5N1, the 2009 pandemic, and to enhance their capacities for the prevention and control of seasonal influenza. It did this through conducting ...
Karch H - - 2013
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), which cause hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), are designated as HUSEC. Their exceptional genome variability driven by evolutionary diversification permits fast adaptation to changed environmental conditions. The HUSEC collection (http://www.ehec.org), which has been established at the Institute for Hygiene in Münster, contains 42 EHEC reference strains ...
Gholamnia Shirvani Zeinab - - 2013
An important health problem in students is pediculosis capitis (head lice infestation) which causes physical, mental, and social complications. Social stigma induces feeling of shame, anger, and embarrassment for families and may prevent people from coming forward. This study was a quasi-experimental (case - control) study which was done during ...
van der Sande M A B - - 2013
Prior to 2009, The Netherlands had prepared itself extensively for a potential pandemic. Multidisciplinary guidelines had been drafted to control transmission and limit adverse outcomes for both a phase of early incidental introduction and for a phase with widespread transmission. The Ministry of Health had ensured a supply and distribution ...
Yu Zhijian - - 2013
Bifidobacterium longum is an attractive candidate for delivering biologically active proteins by the mucosal route due to its non-pathogenic and colonizing properties. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has aroused widespread attention recently due to several epidemics, and great attention should be paid to the fact that there are currently no effective antiviral ...
Betsch C - - 2013
During the influenza pandemic in 2009 individuals had the choice of either receiving a vaccination or running the risk of becoming infected with the pandemic influenza virus A (H1N1). For many individuals knowledge of a likely infection and possibly serious health consequences stood in contrast to a vague fear of ...
Keshavarz Elham - - 2013
Facial involvement in psoriasis is accomplished with poor prognosis. In this study, clinical features and severity of psoriasis were compared between facial and nonfacial psoriasis involvement groups in Iran. It also evaluated these characteristics in different subtypes of facial psoriasis. One hundred and thirty- eight psoriatic patients having referred to ...
Miura Hiroshi - - 2013
The present report describes three patients with portopulmonary venous anastomosis (PPVA) in whom balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) of gastric varices was attempted. No patients had a gastrorenal shunt. In one patient, after an approach from the inferior phrenic vein (IPV), the PPVA was embolized with the use of microcoils. ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether non-cutting point needles were better than cutting point needles at reducing the incidence of postdural puncture headache in children undergoing lumbar puncture for cerebrospinal fluid cultures. Three separate searches of Medline found 77 papers using the reported searches, of which six ...
Chen Taibo - - 2013
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) are commonly encountered in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Frequent ventricular ectopy can be associated with deterioration of cardiac function and may lead to VPC-induced cardiomyopathy. VPC-induced inter- and/or intraventricular dyssynchrony has been postulated as the main mechanism underlying VPC-induced left ventricular dysfunction. For risk ...
Brown Scott - - 2013
CASE:: Mrs. Forrest brought Jackie, her 11-year-old adopted daughter, to her pediatrician with a range of concerns, including problems with attention, school performance, anxiety, and frequent oppositional behaviors. Jackie was removed from school because of her mother's concern that the "school was not doing enough" to help Jackie. School reports ...
Huyghe Eric - - 2013
To compare the results of retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy using the antegrade and retrograde approach. We performed an analysis of a single-center series of 279 retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomies from 1996 to 2010. We compared 172 cases performed with an antegrade approach and 107 with a retrograde approach without dissection of the ...
Wiechmann Allan F - - 2013
Melatonin is a chemical signal of darkness that is produced by retinal photoreceptors and pinealocytes. In the retina, melatonin diffuses from the photoreceptors to bind to specific receptors on a variety of inner retinal neurons to modify their activity. Potential target cells for melatonin in the inner retina are amacrine ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether there was evidence to suggest that propofol should be avoided in patients with known egg allergy. Ninety-two papers were found in Medline using the reported searches, of which two presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date ...
Nielsen Britt A - - 2013
ABSTRACT:: The increasing use of electronic health records (EHRs) allows for sharing of information across clinicians, quick access to laboratory results, and supports for documentation. However, this environment raises new issues of ethics and privacy, and it magnifies other issues that existed with paper records. In developmental-behavioral pediatrics (DBP) practice, ...
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