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Glassford Eric - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A single, large, bulk sample of uranium-contaminated material from the dirt floor of an abandoned metal rolling mill was separated into different types and sizes of aliquots to simulate samples that would be collected during site remediation. The facility rolled approximately 11,000 tons of hot-forged ingots of uranium metal ...
Priest N D - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The good neutron economy and online refueling capability of the CANDU® heavy water moderated reactor (HWR) enable it to use many different fuels such as low enriched uranium (LEU), plutonium, or thorium, in addition to its traditional natural uranium (NU) fuel. The toxicity and radiological protection methods for these ...
Bizzarri M - - 2013
Cell shape is mainly determined by biophysical constraints, interacting according to non-linear dynamics upon the basic units provided by the genome. In turn, the specific configuration a cell acquires plays a fundamental, permissive role in modulating gene expression and many other complex biological functions. Cell shape is tightly connected to ...
Acha Robert - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A torso phantom was developed by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) that serves as a standard for intercomparison and intercalibration of detector systems used to measure low-energy photons from radionuclides, such as americium deposited in the lungs. DICOM images of the second-generation Human Monitoring Laboratory-Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ...
Vilaragut J J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Knowledge and lessons from past accidental exposures in radiotherapy are very helpful in finding safety provisions to prevent recurrence. Disseminating lessons is necessary but not sufficient. There may be additional latent risks for other accidental exposures, which have not been reported or have not occurred, but are possible and ...
Coccini T - - 2013
Potential risk associated with new nanomaterial exposure needs to be assessed. This in vivo study investigated pulmonary effects of engineered cadmium-containing silica nanoparticles Cd/SiNPs (1 mg/rat), silica SiNPs (600 μg/rat) and CdCl₂ (400 μg/rat) 1, 7 and 30 days after intratracheal instillation. Comprehensive histopathological and immunocytochemical characterization of lung damage ...
Hietanen Heikki - - 2013
Ankle blood pressure may be a useful indicator of arterial stiffness. The main aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of ankle blood pressure measured in midlife with the risk of dementia with advancing age. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship of physical exercise capacity ...
Leghrouz Amin A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Indoor radon level measurements were carried out in 42 dwellings in Bethlehem, Palestine, using CR-39 solid state nuclear track detectors. The measurements were performed during winter and spring seasons of the year 2010, for a period ranging from 97-118 d using a total of 100 detectors. The detectors were ...
Sakao S - - 2013
It is generally accepted that chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) results from pulmonary emboli originating from deep vein thrombosis. However, this consensus opinion has been challenged, and the concept that some aspects of CTEPH exacerbation might result from a small-vessel disease leading to secondary thrombosis has been suggested. In addition ...
Kelava T - - 2013
Recent investigations suggest that glucagon might have a potentially important hepatoprotective activity. We investigated the effect of glucagon in a model of acetaminophen-induced liver injury. CBA male mice were injected intraperitoneally with a lethal (300 mg/kg) or sublethal (150 mg/kg) dose of acetaminophen. The liver injury was assessed by observing ...
Estrella Michelle M MM Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2013
Natural history studies suggest increased risk for kidney function decline with HIV infection, but few studies have made comparisons with HIV-uninfected women. We examined whether HIV infection treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) remains associated with faster kidney function decline in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. HIV-infected women initiating ...
Chiavarino Barbara - - 2013
Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy of cis-[Pt(NH(3))(2)(G)Cl](+) and cis-[Pt(NH(3))(2)(A)Cl](+) ions (where A is adenine and G is guanine) has been performed in two spectral regions, 950-1900 and 2900-3700 cm(-1). Quantum chemical calculations at the B3LYP/LACV3P/6-311G** level yield the optimized geometries and IR spectra for the conceivable isomers of cis-[Pt(NH(3))(2)(G)Cl](+) ...
Collins Sean P SP Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA. - - 2013
Approximately 800,000 times a year, an emergency physician admits a patient with symptomatic heart failure (HF). Yet only a minority of emergency department patients with HF are severely ill as a result of pulmonary edema, myocardial ischemia, or cardiogenic shock. The majority of patients are not in need of an ...
Li Xinlei - - 2013
Skelemin, a myosin-associated protein in skeletal muscle, has been demonstrated to interact with integrin α(IIb)β(3) in nonmuscle cells during initial stages of cell spreading. The significance of this interaction and the role of skelemin in integrin signaling and cytoskeletal reorganization were investigated in this study. We established a series of ...
Metra Marco - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of serelaxin on short-term changes in markers of organ damage and congestion and relate them to 180-day mortality in patients with acute heart failure. Hospitalization for acute heart failure is associated with high post-discharge mortality, and this may be related ...
Gourraud Jean-Baptiste - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify families affected by early repolarization syndrome (ERS) and to determine the mode of transmission of the disease. Early repolarization (ER) has recently been linked to idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. Familial inheritance of the disease has been suggested but not demonstrated. We screened relatives ...
Pressly Eric D ED Materials Research Laboratory, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, - - 2013
Atrial natriuretic peptide has been recently discovered to have anticancer effects via interaction with cell surface natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPRA) and natriuretic peptide clearance receptor (NPRC). In a preclinical model, NPRA expression has been identified during tumor angiogenesis and may serve as a potential prognostic marker and target for ...
Cunningham Robert R Department of Chemistry & School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, - - 2013
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a low protein content biological fluid with a dynamic range spanning at least 9 orders of magnitude in protein content and is in direct contact with the brain. A modified IgY-14 immunodepletion treatment was performed to enhance analysis of the low volumes of CSF that are ...
Chan Leslie W LW Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2013
Molecular imaging, the visualization of molecular and cellular markers, is a promising method for detection of dysplasia and early cancer in the esophagus and can potentially be used to identify regions of interest for biopsy or tumor margins for resection. EGFR is a previously reported cell surface receptor with stepwise ...
Xu Lin L WUT-Harvard Joint Nano Key Laboratory, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, - - 2013
Functional kinked nanowires (KNWs) represent a new class of nanowire building blocks, in which functional devices, for example, nanoscale field-effect transistors (nanoFETs), are encoded in geometrically controlled nanowire superstructures during synthesis. The bottom-up control of both structure and function of KNWs enables construction of spatially isolated point-like nanoelectronic probes that ...
Bak Mihály M Országos Onkológiai Intézet Budapest. - - 2013
The methods available for the diagnosis of lung cancer include radiologic, cytologic and pathologic procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the quality assurance of CT guided fine needle aspiration cytology of lung nodules. Cytology results were rated to 4 categories (positive; suspicious; negative; not representative). All cytology ...
Nagy Gergely György - - 2013
The incidence of Clostridium difficile associated enteral disease shows dramatic increase worldwide, with appallingly high treatment costs, mortality figures, recurrence rates and treatment refractoriness. It is not surprising, that there is significant interest in the development and introduction of alternative therapeutic strategies. Among these only stool transplantation (or faecal bacteriotherapy) ...
Zarate Ximena - - 2013
We have carried out a theoretical study of the geometrical and electronic structures of a family of planar dimers constituted by zinc(II) pyrazinoporphyrazine and zinc(II) phthalocyanine with peripheral electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents R [where R = -OH (1), -C(CH(3))(3) (2), -CH(3) (3), -C(6)H(5) (4), -H (5), -CO(2)H (7), -NO(2) (7), ...
Stoeckel Ruth E RE Division of Neurology, Department of Speech Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
To compare risk of written language disorder (WLD) in children with and without speech-language impairment (S/LI) from a population-based cohort. Subjects included all children born between 1976 and 1982 in Rochester, Minnesota, who remained in the community after age 5 years (n = 5718). Records from public and private schools, ...
Goldfield Eugene C EC Program in Behavioral Science, Harvard Medical School, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Tongue-soft palate coordination and bolus head pharyngeal transit were studied by means of postacquisition kinematic analysis of videofluoroscopic swallowing images of ten preterm infants referred from hospital NICUs due to poor oral feeding and suspicion of aspiration. Sequences of coordinated tongue-soft palate movements and bolus transits during swallows of thin-consistency ...
Gremer Jennifer R - - 2013
Prolonged dormancy is a stage in herbaceous perennial plants in which some individuals remain alive below ground for one or more growing seasons instead of emerging. Prolonged dormancy is puzzling, because foregoing opportunities for growth and reproduction seems costly. However, studies have shown that it buffers plants from the negative ...
Senturk Fevzi F The Istanbul Retina Institute, Istanbul, - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) on retinal sensitivity in cases of macular edema(ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Total of 14 eyes of 14 cases of BRVO were included in this prospective study. In each eye, at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months ...
Daly Toni K - - 2013
We examine the advantages of going beyond sequence similarity and use both protein three-dimensional (3D) structure prediction and then quaternary structure (docking) of inferred 3D structures to help evaluate whether comparable sequences can fold into homologous structures with sufficient lateral associations for quaternary structure formation. Our test case is the ...
Al Masalmeh Ossama - - 2013
The use of the patent ductus venosus via a transjugular approach to access the portal system for endovascular treatment of hepatic vascular anomalies in three infants is reported. Two patients had an arterioportal fistula, and one had a rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma. All patients underwent arteriography followed by embolization of ...
Gearing Robin E - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Stigma is a fundamental barrier to individuals seeking out mental health treatment in the Middle East. The impact of stigma may be amplified if the engagement in and utilization of mental health services for psychosis further stigmatizes individuals and their families. One hundred four Jordanians (N = 104) participated ...
Kiani Javad - - 2013
Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes mellitus, of which it's most prevalent form is chronic sensorimotor neuropathy. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and its associated risk factors among diabetic patients who reside in Hamedan, Iran. ...
Bentov Yaakov - - 2013
In recent years, social and cultural trends have resulted in women delaying childbirth, thereby leading to reproductive senescence as a growing public health problem. We discuss potential etiologies for age-related female reproductive decline. We bring supportive evidence to the central role of mitochondrial dysfunction and oxygen radicals in the process ...
Black Anne C AC Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2013
The need for accurate and reliable information about income and resources available to individuals with psychiatric disabilities is critical for the assessment of need and evaluation of programs designed to alleviate financial hardship or affect finance allocation. Measurement of finances is ubiquitous in studies of economics, poverty, and social services. ...
Hashiguchi Mitsuko - - 2013
The microtubule (MT)-associated protein tau attaches to neuronal MT networks and regulates their integrity. The phosphorylation state of tau alters its binding activity. MT integrity is maintained by the phosphorylation state of tau, which is under the control of the kinase-phosphatase balance. This control requires the proper regulation of topographical ...
Leão Filho Jorge César Borges - - 2013
The purpose of this research was to demonstrate the potential of the optical coherence tomography technique on the evaluation of changes and damages in the enamel structure caused by debonding and cleanup procedures. Twin metal and ceramic brackets were bonded to the labial enamel surfaces of 120 incisors; the brackets ...
Allerberger F - - 2013
After the International Health Regulations of 2005, 194 states agreed to minimal standards to assure health; accordingly, the obligation for safeguarding appropriate laboratory diagnostic capacities has existed under international law since 15 June 2007. Basically, developing and optimizing faster and more innovative testing methods should be the main aim of ...
Choudhari Nikhil S NS Department of Glaucoma, Jadhavbhai Nathamal Singhvi, Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, - - 2013
To report our experience with the fibrin sealant as a suture substitute for securing the human scleral patch graft during implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV). A retrospective, non-comparative study of 12 eyes of 12 patients who underwent an AGV implantation with fibrin sealant for part of the procedure during ...
Wheeler Renata - - 2013
The infusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) in the severely injured patient is not a new practice. It is a potentially lifesaving procedure although it is not without inherent risk. This practice in the helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) has not been examined in the literature. We attempt to ...
Park Jae Hyun - - 2013
Delayed tooth eruption can affect the accuracy of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning and could delay overall treatment. A girl, aged 7 years 4 months, who had unilateral delayed eruption of several teeth was successfully treated. The evaluation of delayed tooth eruption should be considered by the orthodontist because the ...
Suri Sunjay - - 2013
Coinciding treatment with periods of accelerated skeletal growth and maturation might be advantageous in clinical practice. Better understanding of the concordance between skeletal and chronologic ages during the period that children frequently receive orthodontic treatment is needed. The literature on skeletal age determination from hand-wrist radiographs lacks reports based on ...
Panda Anita A Cornea and OSD Services, Dr. R P Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, - - 2013
To report outcomes of epikeratoplasty in keratoconus (KC), utilizing manually-prepared plano donor lenticules in terms of flattening of the cone, reduction in astigmatism and improvement in the visual acuity. Patients with KC, having visual acuity <20/200, astigmatism >12 diopters (D) but without corneal opacity underwent epikeratoplasty, using manually prepared plano ...
Toussaint John S JS ThedaCare Center for Healthcare Value, Appleton, WI, - - 2013
An urgent need in American health care is improving quality and efficiency while controlling costs. One promising management approach implemented by some leading health care institutions is Lean, a quality improvement philosophy and set of principles originated by the Toyota Motor Company. Health care cases reveal that Lean is as ...
Keshavarz Elham - - 2013
Facial involvement in psoriasis is accomplished with poor prognosis. In this study, clinical features and severity of psoriasis were compared between facial and nonfacial psoriasis involvement groups in Iran. It also evaluated these characteristics in different subtypes of facial psoriasis. One hundred and thirty- eight psoriatic patients having referred to ...
Miura Hiroshi - - 2013
The present report describes three patients with portopulmonary venous anastomosis (PPVA) in whom balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) of gastric varices was attempted. No patients had a gastrorenal shunt. In one patient, after an approach from the inferior phrenic vein (IPV), the PPVA was embolized with the use of microcoils. ...
Katyal Vandana - - 2013
Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing is a continuum, with primary snoring at one end, and complete upper airway obstruction, hypoxemia, and obstructive hypoventilation at the other. The latter gives rise to obstructive sleep apnea. An important predisposing factor in the development and progression of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing might be craniofacial disharmony. The ...
Motlagh Mohammad Esmaeil ME Department of Pediatrics, Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, - - 2013
To determine the distribution of mortality in 1 - 59 month-old children across Iranian provinces in a national mortality surveillance system.  This national survey was conducted in 2009. A questionnaire was designed and standardized for collecting mortality data of children aged 1 - 59 months. The project team, consisting of collaborators from ...
Manning Danielle K DK Division of Genetics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
A missense mutation in mouse Nek8, which encodes a ciliary kinase, produces the juvenile cystic kidneys (jck) model of polycystic kidney disease, but the functions of Nek8 are incompletely understood. Here, we generated a Nek8-null allele and found that homozygous mutant mice die at birth and exhibit randomization of left-right ...
Tan Winston W - - 2013
To investigate whether prostate cancer patients receiving leuprolide demonstrated objective cognitive decline accompanied by a change in plasma levels of amyloid-β. Between November 19, 2003, and July 21, 2008, we prospectively enrolled 50 patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer and measured plasma amyloid-β peptide 40 and amyloid-β peptide 42 ...
Pilhatsch Maximilian - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Courses of Parkinson's disease (PD) that are complicated by weight loss result in poorer overall treatment outcome and lower quality of life. To determine the contribution of depression, which has not yet been specified in the etiology of weight loss in PD, symptomatology and anamnesis from 215 outpatients diagnosed ...
Primožič Jasmina - - 2013
The success of maxillary expansion should not be assessed solely by the elimination of the teeth in crossbite; it should also be defined as the reestablishment of normal maxillary growth. The aim of this research was to quantify longitudinal palatal changes in children treated for maxillary constriction associated with functional ...
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