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Results 551 - 600 of 2979
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Rajati M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mastoid pneumatization is reduced in most patients suffering from chronic otitis media (COM). In most studies, the relationship between the degree of pneumatization and the distance of the sigmoid sinus from the external auditory canal has been examined, yielding different results. This study addresses the relationship between COM and ...
Torricelli P - - 2012
Little is known about tendons and tenocyte biological behaviour during aging and, especially, oestrogen deficiency. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the proliferation and metabolism of tenocytes isolated from the Achilles tendons of ovariectomised (OVX), middle-aged (OLD) and young (YOUNG) rats. An in vitro model of ...
Ibanga Affiong - - 2012
To determine the trend in frequency and clinical indications of surgical removal of eyes in a tertiary eye centre in Calabar, Nigeria. This is a 10-year retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical removal of eyes in a tertiary centre. The clinical records were reviewed (between Jan 2001 and Dec ...
Prabhakaran R - - 2012
Three new nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes have been synthesized and characterized by analytical, spectral, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In complex 1, the ligand 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehydethiosemicarbazone coordinated as a monobasic tridentate donor, whereas in complexes 2 and 3, the ligands salicylaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone coordinated as a dibasic tridentate donor. The DNA binding ability ...
Fujita Masami - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The global initiative 'Treatment 2.0' calls for expanding the evidence base of optimal HIV service delivery models to maximize HIV case detection and retention in care. However limited systematic assessment has been conducted in countries with concentrated HIV epidemic. We aimed to assess HIV service availability and service ...
Noor M Omair - - 2012
A paper based solid-phase assay is presented for transduction of nucleic acid hybridization using immobilized quantum dots (QDs) as donors in fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The surface of paper was modified with imidazole groups to immobilize QD-probe oligonucleotide conjugates that were assembled in solution. Green-emitting QDs (gQDs) were FRET ...
Hamed-Azzam Shirin - - 2012
Intraocular pressure is affected by corneal thickness and biomechanics. Following ablative corneal refractive surgery, corneal structural changes occur. The purpose of the study is to determine the relationship between the mean central corneal thickness (CCT) and the change in intraocular pressure measurements following various corneal ablation techniques, using different measurement ...
Venkataraman Meenakshi M Department of Pharmaceutics, Bombay College of Pharmacy, Kalina, Santacruz (East), Mumbai, 400098, - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to formulate stable silver sulfadiazine (SSD) nanosuspensions and nanogels suitable for topical delivery with a view to increase bactericidal activity in burn therapy. SSD nanosuspensions were formulated using the microprecipitation-high-pressure homogenization technique. An optimized microsuspension of 0.5% SSD formulated with 6% Cremophor EL ...
Feng Helin - - 2012
Leptin (from the Greek word "lepto'' meaning "thin") is a 167-amino acid peptide hormone encoded by the obesity (ob) gene and secreted by white adipocytes. Blood leptin concentrations are increased in obese individuals. Leptin is a satiety hormone that provides negative feedback to the hypothalamus, controlling appetite and energy expenditure. ...
Wang Mei-Xian - - 2012
Insect molting is an important developmental process of metamorphosis, which is initiated by molting hormone. The molting process includes the activation of dermal cells, epidermal cells separation, molting fluid secretion, the formation of new epidermis and old epidermis excoriation etc. Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs), dopa decarboxylase and acetyltransferase are necessary enzymes ...
Rathore Anurag S - - 2012
: Pharmaceutical processes are complex and highly variable in nature. The complexity and variability associated with these processes result in inconsistent and sometimes unpredictable process outcomes. To deal with the complexity and understand the causes of variability in these processes, in-depth knowledge and thorough understanding of the process and the ...
Domingo-Fernandez Raquel R Department of Cancer Genetics, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, - - 2013
Neuroblastoma is a highly heterogeneous tumor accounting for 15 % of all pediatric cancer deaths. Clinical behavior ranges from the spontaneous regression of localized, asymptomatic tumors, as well as metastasized tumors in infants, to rapid progression and resistance to therapy. Genomic amplification of the MYCN oncogene has been used to predict ...
Vignola-Gagné Etienne - - 2013
Increasing the rate of biomedical research that is relevant to clinical innovation has been an intensifying concern of the research community and of policy-makers. In response, some of these actors have recently promoted varied approaches they label as translational research (TR) and translational medicine. This movement started in the USA ...
Chen Hui-Jin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a large number (1.5 million per year) of premature births in China. It is necessary to obtain the authentic incidences of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), the common brain injuries, in Chinese premature infants. The present multicenter study aimed to investigate the incidence of brain ...
Canis Martin - - 2012
The objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of squamous cell cancer of the tonsil and to report the oncological and functional outcomes, using retrospective chart review in the setting of single-institute, academic tertiary referral center. Between October 1987 and ...
Donmez Nilgun N Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E1. - - 2013
Scaffolding is the process of ordering and orienting contigs produced during genome assembly. Accurate scaffolding is essential for finishing draft assemblies, as it facilitates the costly and laborious procedures needed to fill in the gaps between contigs. Conventional formulations of the scaffolding problem are intractable, and most scaffolding programs rely ...
Ichihara Sahoko S Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu 514-8507, Japan. - - 2013
Oxidative stress and inflammation are implicated in cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, reperfusion injury, hypertension, and heart failure. High levels of oxidative stress resulting from increased cardiac generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is thought to contribute to contractile and endothelial dysfunction, apoptosis and necrosis of myocytes, and extracellular matrix ...
Hou Xinyan - - 2012
Thyroid peroxidase (TPO), which located on the apical membrane surface of thyrocytes, is the key enzyme involved in thyroid hormone synthesis, mainly catalyses the iodination of tyrosine residues and the coupling of iodotyrosines on thyroglobulin to form thyroxine and triiodothyronine. The objectives of this study were to identify genetic polymorphisms ...
Krause R - - 2012
PURPOSE: Paired blood cultures, drawn from the catheter and a peripheral vein, used for calculation of the differential time to positivity (DTP), have been proposed for the detection of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The most relevant catheter lumen to be sampled in multi-lumen central venous catheters (CVCs) has not been ...
Disertori Marcello - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Atrial dilatation and atrial standstill are etiologically heterogeneous phenotypes with poorly defined nosology. In 1983 we described 8-years follow-up of idiopathic atrial dilatation with standstill evolution in 8 patients from 3 families. We later identified 5 additional patients with identical phenotypes: 1 member of the largest original family and ...
Kwok Flora Yin-Ying - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dietary assessment is crucial for monitoring nutritional status of young children. This study applied a modified Chinese food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess nutrient intakes of young picky-eating Hong Kong children. METHODS: Nutrient intakes were obtained by FFQ and 3-day food record (3DFR) in 29 picky-eating children aged 44.8±9.2 ...
Steinberg Fabian F Institute of Physiology and Anatomy, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany. - - 2013
We have documented before that human grasping movements executed in an everyday-like context differ from those in a typical laboratory context. The differences were reduced by factor analysis to five orthogonal factors; we took this as evidence that at least five distinct sensorimotor functions are context-dependent. To better understand how ...
Cakulev Ivan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Twelve lead electrocardiograms (ECG's) have limited value in precisely identifying atrial and ventricular activation during arrhythmias, including accessory atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction activation. The aim of this study was to report a single center's clinical experience validating a novel, noninvasive, whole heart, beat-by-beat, 3D mapping technology with invasive electrophysiological studies ...
Duarte Filipe S - - 2012
RATIONALE: There is extensive evidence indicating the influence of seizures on emotional responses observed in human and animals, but so far few studies are focusing on the behavioral profile of animals that do not have seizures despite being treated with convulsant agents. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to establish the behavioral profile, ...
Hyberts Sven G SG Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
It is well established that non-uniform sampling (NUS) allows acquisition of multi-dimensional NMR spectra at a resolution that cannot be obtained with traditional uniform acquisition through the indirect dimensions. However, the impact of NUS on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and sensitivity are less well documented. SNR and sensitivity are essential ...
Srour Mayer M Department of Ophthalmology, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Creteil University Paris Est Creteil, Creteil, - - 2013
To evaluate the anatomical and functional outcomes of intravitreal dexamethasone implant in patients with macular edema (ME) secondary to retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Three patients (four eyes), aged 24 to 46 years, presented with refractory ME secondary to RP. Intravitreal dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) was administered to treat ME. The anatomical (central ...
Arai Takahide - - 2012
Periprocedural myocardial infarction (pMI) is an important complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, data on the frequency of biomarker testing and the incidence of pMI remain unclear. Using the multicenter Japan Cardiovascular Database, we identified 2182 patients who underwent PCI without preprocedural cardiac biomarker elevation (silent ischemia, stable ...
Giese Arnd - - 2012
We assessed quality of life (QOL) and disease activity in patients with Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) of Turkish ancestry living in Germany or Turkey and conducted a correlation with FMF disease activity. 40 FMF patients in Turkey (TR), 40 FMF patients in Germany (G) and 40 healthy controls in Germany ...
Larralde Osmany - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains as the viral infection with the highest risk of transmission by transfusion. This risk is associated with window period donations, occult HBV infection (OBI) and the emergence of escape mutants, which render blood donations false negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) serological testing. A ...
Combs Stephanie E - - 2012
ABSTRACT: For skull base meningiomas, several treatment paradigms are available: Observation with serial imaging, surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, radiation therapy or some combination of both. The choice depends on several factors. In this review we evaluate different treatment options, the outcome of modern irradiation techniques as well as the clinical ...
Gasparini Giulio - - 2012
PURPOSE: Maxillary and mandibular alterations in children affected by anterior synostotic plagiocephaly have, until today, received only scarce attention. The goal of this paper is to focus on the mandibular alterations, persisting after the early correction of anterior plagiocephaly during the first year of life. METHODS: Maxillary and mandibular metric ...
Leerberg Joanne M - - 2012
Cell adhesion junctions characteristically arise from the cooperative integration of adhesion receptors, cell signalling pathways and the cytoskeleton. This is exemplified by cell-cell interactions mediated by classical cadherin adhesion receptors. These junctions are sites where cadherin adhesion systems functionally couple to the dynamic actin cytoskeleton, a process that entails physical ...
Xiao-Yan Chen C Human Reproductive Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, No.58 Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou, - - 2013
To investigate the stability and repeatability of electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) for beta-hCG detection in embryo spent culture media. To evaluate the correlation between the viability of preimplantation embryo and beta-hCG profile by the new assay. In a retrospective study, a total of 357 spent culture media from day1 to day5 ...
Geng Juan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease (WND), also called hepatolenticular degeneration, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder in which copper abnormally accumulates in several organs. WND arises from the defective ATP7B gene, which encodes a copper transporting P-type ATPase. METHODS: The molecular defects in 11 unrelated Chinese WND patients aged from 3 to ...
Salem Mohammad - - 2012
Crohn's disease (CD) is one of main disease entities under the umbrella term chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The etiology of CD involves alterations in genetic, microbiological, and immunological factors. This review is devoted to the role of the bacterial wall compound muramyl dipeptide (MDP) for the activation of inflammatory pathways ...
Udayakumaran Suhas - - 2013
Aplasia cutis is a rare developmental anomaly usually involving the calvarium, associated with a variable extent of defective formation of the scalp. Adams-Oliver syndrome is a condition mainly characterized by the congenital absence of skin, known as "aplasia cutis" which is usually limited to the vertex scalp and transverse limb ...
Aydogdu Semih - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the improvement of the vastus medialis component of the quadriceps muscle electrophysiologically after the subvastus and medial parapatellar approaches in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total 26 patients that underwent primary unilateral in TKA were included into the study. TKAs were carried out via subvastus approach ...
Gal Joseph - - 2012
This opening chapter recalls the history of the discoveries that led to the appreciation of the nature and importance of molecular chirality in biology, as well as the development of stereochemistry as an interdisciplinary field connecting chemistry and biology. The discoveries described cover roughly the period of ca. 1840-1940, although ...
Baertschi Bernard - - 2012
Human enhancement is a much debated topic in the bioethical literature. Human beings have long tried to improve their capacities and their performances through training and with the aid of tools; but more recently new means have come to the fore, such as drugs and biotechnological devices, especially in the ...
Maejima Hideki - - 2012
Methotrexate, a folic acid analogue with anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects, is commonly used to treat patients with severe destructive psoriatic arthritis and has considerable efficacy. Combined anti-tumor necrosis factor and MTX therapy result in less treatment discontinuation due to adverse events. Despite its efficacy, MTX may result in adverse effects ...
Karmaniolou Iosifina I - - 2012
The liver is currently considered to be one of the first organs to be subjected to the hypoxic insult inflicted by hemorrhagic shock. The oxidative injury caused by resuscitation also targets the liver and can lead to malfunction and the eventual failure of this organ. Each of the various fluids, ...
Zhao Qinghua - - 2012
Bone marrow stimulation (BMS) has been regarded as a first-line procedure for the repair of articular cartilage. However, cartilage repair using BMS alone has so far not been ideal because cell homing to the required area has not been sufficient. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility ...
Jain Amita - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Clinical symptoms of Dengue vary from mild febrile illness to severe infection. A potent pro-inflammatory cytokine, IL-17, secreted by mainly Th17 cells mediate inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Role of IL-17 in pathogenesis of dengue virus (DV) infection is not clear. METHODS: Total 211 dengue patients and 70 healthy controls ...
Hevey David - - 2012
The current study evaluates the levels of comparative optimism among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and examines its relationship to health outcomes 12 months later. 164 patients completed self-report questionnaires at the end of cardiac rehabilitation and the number of adverse clinical events in the following 12 months were recorded. Comparative ...
Sia Sung-Kien - - 2012
Numerous genetic loci are involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension, including genes related to aldosterone synthesis and mineralocorticoid receptor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotypic distribution of mineralocorticoid receptor and cytochrome P450 11B2 (CYP11B2) T-344C polymorphisms and their relationship with hypertension and cardiac remodeling in a ...
Nishizawa Yuichiro Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1, Kusunoki-cho, chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, - - 2013
Although the patella reduced or everted position has recently been recognised as an important factor influencing soft tissue balance during assessment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the influence of patella height on soft tissue balance has not been well addressed. Therefore, the relationship between soft tissue balance and patella height ...
Yamakoshi Yoshiki - - 2012
Blood flows out of microvessels in the dermis when pressure higher than arterial blood pressure is applied to the fingertip, and subsequently re-flows into the microcirculation when pressure is released. Both the blood outflow and the reflow characteristics of microcirculation under pressurization are associated with microvasculature, blood and blood pressure. ...
Dong Yuan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the frequency of chromosomal heteromorphisms in reproductive failure and fertile control individuals in Northeast China, and investigate the impact on reproductive failure METHODS: 1751 males and 1424 couples with reproductive failure (n = 4599) and 777 fertile control individuals in Northeast China were enrolled. Chromosome karyotype analysis was performed ...
Adegani Fatemeh Jamshidi - - 2012
The self-renewal and differentiation status of a stem cell is very important in the applications concerning regenerative medicine. Proliferation capacity, differentiation potentials and epigenetic properties of stem cells differ between sources. Studies have shown the high potentials of stem cells in iPS reprogramming. To examine this; we have compared the ...
Ning Jingheng - - 2012
Although the molecular mechanism and thermodynamic profile of a wide variety of chemical agents have been examined intensively in the past decades in terms of specific recognition of their protein receptors, to date the physicochemical nature of DNA-drug recognition and association still remains largely unexplored. The present study focused on ...
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