Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2977
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Arai Takahide - - 2012
Periprocedural myocardial infarction (pMI) is an important complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, data on the frequency of biomarker testing and the incidence of pMI remain unclear. Using the multicenter Japan Cardiovascular Database, we identified 2182 patients who underwent PCI without preprocedural cardiac biomarker elevation (silent ischemia, stable ...
Giese Arnd - - 2012
We assessed quality of life (QOL) and disease activity in patients with Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) of Turkish ancestry living in Germany or Turkey and conducted a correlation with FMF disease activity. 40 FMF patients in Turkey (TR), 40 FMF patients in Germany (G) and 40 healthy controls in Germany ...
Choi Kang - - 2012
PURPOSE: Early-life stress (ELS) may mediate adjustment problems while resilience may protect individuals against adjustment problems during military service. We investigated the relationship of ELS and resilience with adjustment problem factor scores in the Korea Military Personality Test (KMPT) in candidates for the military service. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-one ...
Jaimovich Roberto - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to present a case of a solitary intraventricular schwannoma with a review of the literature and to analyse the current theories of its origin. DESCRIPTION: A 16-year-old male patient, without any pathological, genetic or familial history of significance, presented with symptoms of intracranial ...
Pan Meichen - - 2012
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a common inherited disorder worldwide including southern China. G6PD gene mutations cause deficiency of the enzyme and a large spectrum of diseases. High-resolution DNA melting (HRM) assay was recently introduced as a rapid, inexpensive and effective method for genotyping. But there was a shortcoming of ...
Liu Wei - - 2013
To investigate the bactericidal effects of Jinghua Weikang Capsule () and its major component Chenopodium ambrosioides L. on antibiotic-resistant Helicobacter pylori. Four clinical antibiotic-resistant H. pylori strains were isolated and incubated in liquid medium containing Jinghua Weikang Capsule or Chenopodium ambrosioides L. By means of time-kill curve method, the average ...
Bogolyubova Irina - - 2012
Spatial interactions between nuclear actin and some proteins of the exon-exon junction complex (EJC) have been demonstrated in the nuclei of early mouse embryos by using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). FRET has been registered for the pairs actin-Y14, actin-Aly/REF and actin-NXF1/TAP in nucleoplasmic, irregularly shaped zones and in nucleolus ...
Aydiner Adnan - - 2013
Data comparing the efficacy of monthly and trimonthly formulations of LHRH agonists are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of monthly goserelin and trimonthly leuprolide on estradiol levels. A total of 79 early breast cancer patients receiving LHRH agonists for at least 6 months were enrolled ...
Luo Liang - - 2012
It is well established that hyperplasia and decreased apoptosis of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) play an important role in the asthmatic airway remodeling. Tumor suppressor PTEN gene with phosphatase activity plays an important regulatory role in embryonic development, cell proliferation, and apoptosis, cell cycle regulation, migration (invasion) of the ...
Ai Amy L - - 2012
The study examined differential effects of preoperative biomarkers (cotisol, C-reactive protein/CRP, and interleukin-6/IL-6) on postoperative symptoms in mental health (depressed mood, anxiety and hostility) 1 month following open-heart surgery, controlling for known predictors. Preoperative and postoperative interviews were conducted on 162 patients. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected between 8 ...
Karmaniolou Iosifina I - - 2012
The liver is currently considered to be one of the first organs to be subjected to the hypoxic insult inflicted by hemorrhagic shock. The oxidative injury caused by resuscitation also targets the liver and can lead to malfunction and the eventual failure of this organ. Each of the various fluids, ...
Zhao Qinghua - - 2012
Bone marrow stimulation (BMS) has been regarded as a first-line procedure for the repair of articular cartilage. However, cartilage repair using BMS alone has so far not been ideal because cell homing to the required area has not been sufficient. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility ...
Jain Amita - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Clinical symptoms of Dengue vary from mild febrile illness to severe infection. A potent pro-inflammatory cytokine, IL-17, secreted by mainly Th17 cells mediate inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Role of IL-17 in pathogenesis of dengue virus (DV) infection is not clear. METHODS: Total 211 dengue patients and 70 healthy controls ...
Hevey David - - 2012
The current study evaluates the levels of comparative optimism among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and examines its relationship to health outcomes 12 months later. 164 patients completed self-report questionnaires at the end of cardiac rehabilitation and the number of adverse clinical events in the following 12 months were recorded. Comparative ...
Sia Sung-Kien - - 2012
Numerous genetic loci are involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension, including genes related to aldosterone synthesis and mineralocorticoid receptor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotypic distribution of mineralocorticoid receptor and cytochrome P450 11B2 (CYP11B2) T-344C polymorphisms and their relationship with hypertension and cardiac remodeling in a ...
Kong Q T - - 2012
A 62-year-old immunocompetent rural woman who represents an isolated cryptococcal skull infection without systematic involvement is described. Diagnosis was based on positive India ink staining, positive histopathologic examination, and positive culture. Species identification was performed by growth on Sabouraud dextrose agar and CHROMagar medium and by sequencing of the intergenic ...
Bossers Sebastiaan M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of brain function and metabolism during surgery may be of benefit for patient outcome. Microdialysis is the only sampling technique to date that allows continuous monitoring of drug or metabolite concentrations in the extracellular fluid of multiple tissues in the brain. This qualitative systematic review aimed to determine ...
Haustein Michael - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of acetazolamide (AZ) on different ocular vascular beds. METHODS: In a prospective study, 32 healthy volunteers (16 male, 16 female) with a mean age of 23.9 ± 3.3 years (20-39 years) were included. Before and after intravenous administration of 1,000 mg AZ (single dose), ocular microcirculation parameters were measured every ...
Song Yongxing - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between ginkgolide B (GB) and the JAK/STAT signaling pathway and to explore its regulating effect on secondary cell apoptosis following spinal cord injury (SCI), to elucidate the protective mechanism GB against acute SCI. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham-operated group, an ...
Wang Yun-Feng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Benign convulsions occur in infants during the course of mild gastroenteritis. It is now recognized as a distinct clinical entity in many countries. However, its occurrence in China has not yet been widely recognized by Chinese pediatricians. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 48 patients with convulsions between ...
Gluud Lise Lotte - - 2012
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a serious complication of acute and chronic liver disease associated with severe morbidity and mortality. We performed updated random effects meta-analyses to evaluate the evidence for non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol), rifaximin and branched chain amino acids (BCAA). A meta-analysis of randomized trials showed that, compared ...
Djunic Irena - - 2013
Using various risk factor scores, we aimed to identify a subset of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) for whom it was possible to assess the prognosis. We also aimed to develop a novel prognostic score system. This single centre study involved 102 patients of ≥60 years of age with ...
Arslan Derya - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This was a prospective controlled study to determine the P-wave duration (Pdu) and P-wave dispersion (Pd) in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). METHODS: The study group consisted of 26 children with uncomplicated FMF and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We performed electrocardiography (ECG) with Doppler echocardiography on ...
Ozturan Orhan - - 2012
The presence of the Onodi cell (OC) may be accompanied by morphological variations of the neighboring anatomic structures. Such variations carry significant surgical implications and challenges. Pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus induces anterior clinoid pneumatization (ACP), affects the type of the Vidian nerve (VN) canal or alters the courses of ...
Olde Nordkamp Louise R A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Indications for prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with inherited cardiac diseases stem from observational studies and are uncertain. This study evaluates the efficacy and harm rate of ICD implantations for primary prevention compared to secondary prevention in inherited cardiac diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Between January 1(st) 1993 ...
Zhang Yan - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the rural-urban disparities in breast cancer patients in China. The retrospective study was performed with a total of 2,139 breast cancer patients hospitalized in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University between the years 1997 and 2011. We applied Chi-square analysis to identify significant ...
Ozu Marcelo - - 2012
Present knowledge obtained by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies regarding the dynamics of water, both in the vicinity of biological membranes and within the proteinaceous water channels, also known as aquaporins (AQPs), is reviewed. A brief general summary of the water models most extensively employed in MD simulations (SPC, SPC/E, ...
Liu Qi - - 2012
The success of RNA interference (RNAi) depends on the interaction between short interference RNAs (siRNAs) and mRNAs. Design of highly efficient and specific siRNAs has become a challenging issue in applications of RNAi. Here, we present a detailed survey on the state-of-the-art siRNAs design, focusing on several key issues with ...
Zhang Ji - - 2012
We report a DFT, TDDFT and DFTB investigation of the performance of two donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A)-type organic dyes bearing different electron-withdrawing groups (EWG) for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to evaluate which EWG is better for an acrylic acid acceptor, i.e., Cyano (-CN) or o-nitrophenyl (o-NO(2)-Ph). A series of theoretical criteria applied ...
Nwaneri Damia Uchechukwu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Behavioral aberrations such as nail biting, finger sucking, and pica have been postulated as risk factors that enhance helminths ova transmission. These aberrations may present commonly in children with chronic neurological disorders and predispose them to heavy intensity of intestinal helminthiasis. This comparative cross-sectional study was to determine the ...
Schulz Matthias - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Neuroendoscopic procedures became essential in neurosurgical treatment of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. While a vast number of papers report on the neuroendoscopic experience for adults and children, no series so far reported on techniques and indications for neonate infants. We present our experience for the feasibility of neuroendoscopic procedures ...
McMorris Carly A - - 2012
Iconic memory is the ability to accurately recall a number of items after a very brief visual exposure. Previous research has examined these capabilities in typically developing (TD) children and individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID); however, there is limited research on these abilities in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). ...
Wang Lixin - - 2012
Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome protein 1 (NBS1) is one of the most important DNA repair proteins playing important roles in maintaining the genomic stability of NDA. Previous studies regarding the association between NBS1 8360G>C (Glu185Gln) polymorphism and lung cancer reported conflicting results. To derive a more precise estimation of this association, ...
Gao Yi-Jin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Because procarbazine is not available in the mainland of China, a risk-adapted chemotherapy without the drug was adopted for children with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in two tertiary referral centers for childhood cancer in Shanghai. The objective of the present study was to obtain the results comparable with those of ...
Combs Stephanie E - - 2012
ABSTRACT: For skull base meningiomas, several treatment paradigms are available: Observation with serial imaging, surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, radiation therapy or some combination of both. The choice depends on several factors. In this review we evaluate different treatment options, the outcome of modern irradiation techniques as well as the clinical ...
Gasparini Giulio - - 2012
PURPOSE: Maxillary and mandibular alterations in children affected by anterior synostotic plagiocephaly have, until today, received only scarce attention. The goal of this paper is to focus on the mandibular alterations, persisting after the early correction of anterior plagiocephaly during the first year of life. METHODS: Maxillary and mandibular metric ...
Leerberg Joanne M - - 2012
Cell adhesion junctions characteristically arise from the cooperative integration of adhesion receptors, cell signalling pathways and the cytoskeleton. This is exemplified by cell-cell interactions mediated by classical cadherin adhesion receptors. These junctions are sites where cadherin adhesion systems functionally couple to the dynamic actin cytoskeleton, a process that entails physical ...
Geng Juan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease (WND), also called hepatolenticular degeneration, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder in which copper abnormally accumulates in several organs. WND arises from the defective ATP7B gene, which encodes a copper transporting P-type ATPase. METHODS: The molecular defects in 11 unrelated Chinese WND patients aged from 3 to ...
Kwak Yunyoung - - 2012
Concerned with the influence of tagging system on the expression of heterogeneous protein in Escherichia coli, we attempted to express the organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) of Flavobacterium sp. ATCC 27551 in E. coli. Recombinant OPH was overproduced successfully in E. coli when modified without the use of a tobacco etch virus ...
Li Su-Na - - 2013
To observe the influence of therapy with Chinese medicine Lirukang Granule (, LRKG) combined with psychological intervention on anxiety states and sex hormones in patients with cyclomastopathy and menoxenia. A total of 470 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups by the net-central randomization system, the treatment group (161 patients, ...
Yamamoto Hiroaki - - 2012
A novel enantioselective alcohol dehydrogenase, (R)-2-octanol dehydrogenase (PfODH), was discovered among methylotrophic microorganisms. The enzyme was purified from Pichia finlandica and characterized. The molecular mass of the enzyme was estimated to be 83,000 and 30,000 by gel filtration and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, respectively. The enzyme was an NAD(+)-dependent ...
Shvidel Lev - - 2012
Utilizing the database of the Israeli CLL Study Group, we investigated the prevalence and prognostic significance of anemia and thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Of 1,477 patients, 113 had anemia and thrombocytopenia associated with "infiltrative" marrow failure, median survival of 41 and 86 months, respectively. Autoimmune cytopenias were ...
Cohen Joachim - - 2012
We examined how acceptance of euthanasia among the general public has changed between 1981 and 2008 in western and central and eastern European (CEE) countries using data of the European Values Surveys. Data were collected in 1981, 1990, 1999 and 2008 for 13 western European countries and in 1990, 1999 ...
Mirheydar Hossein S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Robotic technology disseminated into urological practice without robust comparative effectiveness data. OBJECTIVE: To review the diffusion of robotic surgery into urological practice METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature review focusing on diffusion patterns, patient safety, learning curves, and comparative costs for robotic radical prostatectomy, partial nephrectomy, and radical cystectomy ...
Ching Xiao Teng - - 2012
Toxoplasma gondii infects all warm-blooded animals including humans, causing serious public health problems and great economic loss in the food industry. Commonly used serological tests involve preparation of whole Toxoplasma lysate antigens from tachyzoites which are costly and hazardous. An alternative method for better antigen production involving the prokaryotic expression ...
Ozen Alaattin - - 2013
Analyses of gene expression status and genetic polymorphisms are methods to identify novel histopathological prognostic factors. In patients with gastric cancer, some cell cycle regulators p53, p21, p27 and Her-2 oncogene have been proposed as prognostic factors. We aimed to investigate the expression and mutation/polymorphism of p21 and Her-2 and ...
Noor M Omair - - 2012
A paper based solid-phase assay is presented for transduction of nucleic acid hybridization using immobilized quantum dots (QDs) as donors in fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The surface of paper was modified with imidazole groups to immobilize QD-probe oligonucleotide conjugates that were assembled in solution. Green-emitting QDs (gQDs) were FRET ...
Hamed-Azzam Shirin - - 2012
Intraocular pressure is affected by corneal thickness and biomechanics. Following ablative corneal refractive surgery, corneal structural changes occur. The purpose of the study is to determine the relationship between the mean central corneal thickness (CCT) and the change in intraocular pressure measurements following various corneal ablation techniques, using different measurement ...
Uyei Jennifer - - 2012
To address the considerable tuberculosis (TB)/HIV co-infected population in Cape Town, a number of clinics have made an effort of varying degrees to integrate TB and HIV services. This article describes the development of a theory-based survey instrument designed to quantify the extent to which services were integrated in 33 ...
Hudák Istvan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fenestrations of intracranial arteries are variants resulting from incomplete fusion of vessels during development with unknown clinical significance. They are best visualised with 3D rotational angiography (3DRA). OBJECTIVE: In a prospective consecutive series of patients with suspected aneurysms, 3DRA was performed to identify not only the potential bleeding source ...
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