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Hassan Nabil E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT) is associated with many risk factors for lifethreatening complications. Post-transplant critical illness often requires admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made on the risk factors associated with PICU admission and mortality of all HSCT patients at Helen DeVos ...
Ulu Mehmet Ali - - 2012
To evaluate bone loss in the early- and late-stage ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients using posteroanterior (PA) and lateral lumbar and femoral bone mineral density (BMD) measurement methods. Eighty-six AS patients and 50 control subjects were enrolled. PA spine, lateral spine, and femur BMD values of patients and controls were measured. ...
Li Guipu - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of sandalwood seed oil on fatty acid (FA) profiles and inflammatory factors in rats. Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five different dietary groups: 10 % soybean oil (SO), 10 % olive oil (OO), 10 % safflower oil (SFO), 10 % ...
Hosseini Mostafa - - 2012
Lipases are one of the highest value commercial enzymes as they have broad applications in detergent, food, pharmaceutical, and dairy industries. To provide chimeric Bacillus thermocatenulatus lipase (BTL2), the completely conserved pentapeptide ((112)Ala-His-Ser-Gln-Gly(116)) was replaced with similar sequences ((207)Gly-Glu-Ser-Ala-Gly(211)) of Candida rugosa lipase (CLR) at the nucleophilic elbow region. For ...
Kim Young Goo - - 2012
PURPOSE: It was presented that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated from western glioma specimens. However, whether MSCs exist in glioma specimens of different ethnicities is unknown. To verify the existence of MSCs in an independent cohort, we undertook studies to isolate MSCs from a group of Korean patients. ...
Kulasekharan Revathy - - 2012
Optically pure alpha-alkyl deoxybenzoins resulting in products of Norrish Type I and Type II reactions upon excitation has been investigated within the octa acid (OA) capsule in water. The product distribution was different from that in an organic solvent and was also dependent on the length of the alpha-alkyl chain. ...
Schug Markus - - 2012
Cultivated hepatocytes represent a well-established in vitro system. However, the applicability of hepatocytes in toxicogenomics is still controversially discussed. Recently, an in vivo/in vitro discrepancy has been described, whereby the non-genotoxic rat liver carcinogen methapyrilene alters the expression of the metabolizing genes SULT1A1 and ABAT, as well as the DNA ...
Feng Helin - - 2012
Leptin (from the Greek word "lepto'' meaning "thin") is a 167-amino acid peptide hormone encoded by the obesity (ob) gene and secreted by white adipocytes. Blood leptin concentrations are increased in obese individuals. Leptin is a satiety hormone that provides negative feedback to the hypothalamus, controlling appetite and energy expenditure. ...
Wang Mei-Xian - - 2012
Insect molting is an important developmental process of metamorphosis, which is initiated by molting hormone. The molting process includes the activation of dermal cells, epidermal cells separation, molting fluid secretion, the formation of new epidermis and old epidermis excoriation etc. Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs), dopa decarboxylase and acetyltransferase are necessary enzymes ...
Rathore Anurag S - - 2012
: Pharmaceutical processes are complex and highly variable in nature. The complexity and variability associated with these processes result in inconsistent and sometimes unpredictable process outcomes. To deal with the complexity and understand the causes of variability in these processes, in-depth knowledge and thorough understanding of the process and the ...
Larralde Osmany - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains as the viral infection with the highest risk of transmission by transfusion. This risk is associated with window period donations, occult HBV infection (OBI) and the emergence of escape mutants, which render blood donations false negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) serological testing. A ...
Salem Mohammad - - 2012
Crohn's disease (CD) is one of main disease entities under the umbrella term chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The etiology of CD involves alterations in genetic, microbiological, and immunological factors. This review is devoted to the role of the bacterial wall compound muramyl dipeptide (MDP) for the activation of inflammatory pathways ...
Aydogdu Semih - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the improvement of the vastus medialis component of the quadriceps muscle electrophysiologically after the subvastus and medial parapatellar approaches in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total 26 patients that underwent primary unilateral in TKA were included into the study. TKAs were carried out via subvastus approach ...
Gal Joseph - - 2012
This opening chapter recalls the history of the discoveries that led to the appreciation of the nature and importance of molecular chirality in biology, as well as the development of stereochemistry as an interdisciplinary field connecting chemistry and biology. The discoveries described cover roughly the period of ca. 1840-1940, although ...
Baertschi Bernard - - 2012
Human enhancement is a much debated topic in the bioethical literature. Human beings have long tried to improve their capacities and their performances through training and with the aid of tools; but more recently new means have come to the fore, such as drugs and biotechnological devices, especially in the ...
Maejima Hideki - - 2012
Methotrexate, a folic acid analogue with anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects, is commonly used to treat patients with severe destructive psoriatic arthritis and has considerable efficacy. Combined anti-tumor necrosis factor and MTX therapy result in less treatment discontinuation due to adverse events. Despite its efficacy, MTX may result in adverse effects ...
Fujita Masami - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The global initiative 'Treatment 2.0' calls for expanding the evidence base of optimal HIV service delivery models to maximize HIV case detection and retention in care. However limited systematic assessment has been conducted in countries with concentrated HIV epidemic. We aimed to assess HIV service availability and service ...
Arai Tomio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Microsatellite instability (MSI) has been observed in 8-39 % of sporadic gastric cancers. However, despite numerous reports indicating a significant relationship between intestinal-type histology and MSI, detailed correlation between histological subtypes and MSI remains obscure. The purpose of the present study is to clarify the relationship between histological subtype and ...
Hamed Hossam O - - 2012
PURPOSES: To correlate between umbilical artery cord blood lactate and acid-base status with intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring, and to measure the reliability of umbilical cord blood lactate for prediction of early neonatal outcome. METHODS: Sixty-six participants with intrapartum abnormal fetal heart rate monitoring and 60 participants with normal intrapartum ...
Tian Li - - 2012
Despite the established efficacy of statin therapy, the risk of cardiovascular events remains high in many patients. We examined high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclass distribution profiles among statin-treated coronary heart disease (CHD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Plasma HDL subclasses were measured in 85 patients with established CHD and quantified ...
Tachino Sho - - 2012
Th17 plays important roles in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Although the importance of Th17 in tumor immunity has also been suggested, precise roles of tumor-associated antigen-specific Th17 still remain poorly understood, especially in humans. We previously identified WT1(332), a 16-mer helper epitope derived from tumor-associated antigen ...
Buschmann Claas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Maternal deaths during pregnancy, both from pregnancy-related or other causes, are rare in Western industrialized countries. In this study we report maternal and pregnancy-related deaths in a large autopsy population focusing on medical history, autopsy findings and histological examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medico-legal autopsy files (n = 11,270) from the Institute ...
Colmsee Christian - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Maize is a major crop plant, grown for human and animal nutrition, as well as a renewable resource forbioenergy. When looking at the problems of limited fossil fuels, the growth of the world's population or theworld's climate change, it is important to find ways to increase the yield ...
Araújo Fernando Glasner - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of seizures in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to determine the clinical and laboratory features associated with their occurrence. Thirty-four SSc patients (ACR criteria) were analyzed by a standard interview, physical examination, and review of medical charts. Risk factors for seizures, ...
Cavaliere F M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Existing ways of assessing CVID patients at risk of pulmonary infections are not universally accepted. The need to identify additional prognostic factors allowed us to evaluate the anti-polysaccharide IgA and IgM responses in 125 CVID patients immunized with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide (PS) vaccine (Pneumovax®). METHODS: We used a ...
Smit Justin K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Definitive (chemo)radiotherapy is employed in esophageal cancer patients as an alternative for patients considered medically unfit for surgery or having unresectable tumors. We evaluated a population-based cohort to improve the selection for intensified nonsurgical strategies and to identify prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients who had squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or ...
Sandhya B - - 2012
The binding of stavudine (STV) to two human blood proteins [human hemoglobin (HHb) and human serum albumin (HSA)] was studied in vitro under simulated physiological conditions by spectroscopic methods viz., fluorescence, UV absorption, resonance light scattering, synchronous fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) and three-dimensional fluorescence. The binding parameters of STV-blood protein ...
Alici Gokhan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Although carotid artery stenting (CAS) is an effective treatment for severe carotid stenosis, it has been associated with alterations in autonomic functions during or shortly after the procedure. And, autonomic functions influence P-wave durations. In this study, our aim was to investigate P-wave durations on 12-lead surface electrocardiography after ...
Singh Thakur Gurjeet - - 2012
G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 is noted to mediate a number of signal transduction cascades involved in the causation of nicotine withdrawal syndrome. Therefore, the present study investigated the effect of Ro 32-0432, a G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 inhibitor, on propagation of nicotine dependence and resultant withdrawal signs in ...
Park Seung S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Advancing female age remains a difficult problem in infertility treatment. Ovarian angiogenesis plays an important role in follicular development and the activation of ovarian angiogenesis has been emerged as a new strategy for the improvement of age-related decline of oocyte quality. BMP-6 affect gonadotropin signals in granulosa cells ...
Giménez Papiol Gemma - - 2012
Monitoring of amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) toxins in shellfish from the Catalan coast started in 2001. No ASP toxins were detected in any of the analyses performed before 2008. On 22 January 2008, domoic acid (DA) was detected in Donax trunculus (0.5 mg kg(-1)) and confirmed by rapid resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass ...
Nomoto Yuya - - 2012
Leaves of Cinnamosma fragrans were extracted with MeOH, and the concentrated MeOH extract was partitioned with EtOAc and H(2)O. From the H(2)O-soluble fraction, three new flavonol C-glycosides and two coloratane glucosides were isolated, along with nine known compounds. On extensive spectroscopic analysis, C-glycosylation was found to have occurred on the ...
Shu Yuanjie - - 2012
A novel environmentally friendly octahedrally coordinated 2D polymeric complexes bis(1,5-diaminotetrazole) -dichlorozinc(II) (Zn(DAT)(2)Cl(2)) was first designed based on the the crystal data of bis(1,5-diaminotetrazole)- dichlorocopper(II) (Cu(DAT)(2)Cl(2)). Density functional theory (DFT) was used to predict the optimized geometries at TPSSTPSS/6-311G(d, p) level. Densities and detonation properties were evaluated using the electron cloud ...
Wanelik Klara M - - 2012
In this study, we examine acoustic individuality in male duet songs of wild, non-habituated Bornean southern gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis) and identify contributing acoustic variables. We recorded 174 male duet songs from nine groups in a rainforest in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Each male portion of the duet was analysed for 14 ...
Boyd James H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Centre for Data Linkage (CDL) has been established to enable national and cross-jurisdictional health-related research in Australia. It has been funded through the Population Health Research Network (PHRN), a national initiative established under the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS). This paper describes the development of the ...
Torricelli P - - 2012
Little is known about tendons and tenocyte biological behaviour during aging and, especially, oestrogen deficiency. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the proliferation and metabolism of tenocytes isolated from the Achilles tendons of ovariectomised (OVX), middle-aged (OLD) and young (YOUNG) rats. An in vitro model of ...
Ibanga Affiong - - 2012
To determine the trend in frequency and clinical indications of surgical removal of eyes in a tertiary eye centre in Calabar, Nigeria. This is a 10-year retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical removal of eyes in a tertiary centre. The clinical records were reviewed (between Jan 2001 and Dec ...
Prabhakaran R - - 2012
Three new nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes have been synthesized and characterized by analytical, spectral, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In complex 1, the ligand 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehydethiosemicarbazone coordinated as a monobasic tridentate donor, whereas in complexes 2 and 3, the ligands salicylaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone coordinated as a dibasic tridentate donor. The DNA binding ability ...
Yan Huiru - - 2012
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are members of a multifunctional enzyme super family that plays a pivotal role in both insecticide resistance and protection against oxidative stress. In this study, we identified a single-copy gene, AccGSTD, as being a Delta class GST in the Chinese honey bee (Apis cerana cerana). A predicted ...
Zanoni A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is now considered the standard of care by many centers in the treatment of both squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a neoadjuvant CRT protocol, as regards pathological complete response (pCR) rate and long-term survival. METHODS: From ...
Zlomuzica Armin - - 2012
Adenosine is an important neuromodulator in the central nervous system involved in the regulation of wakefulness, sleep, learning and memory, fear and anxiety as well as motor functions. Extracellular adenosine is synthesized by the cell-surface ectoenzyme ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) from 5'-adenosine monophosphate. While CD73 is widely expressed throughout the mammalian brain, ...
Guo Li - - 2012
Emerging evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding regulatory RNAs, have important roles in multiple biological processes. To determine the potential contribution of miRNAs to coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), we comprehensively surveyed and identified differentially expressed miRNA profiles in patients with CWP by small RNA sequencing and ...
Czarny Piotr - - 2012
Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is a slowly progressive eye disease leading to blindness, mostly affecting people above 40 years old. The only known method of curing FECD is corneal transplantation. The disease is characterized by the presence of extracellular deposits called "cornea guttata", apoptosis of corneal endothelial cells, dysfunction of ...
Breda Susana Andrea - - 2012
A new pharmaceutical derivative obtained by stoichiometric complexation of ciprofloxacin (CIP) with aluminum (CIP-complex) has been investigated and reported in this study. Such product has high solubility in the gastrointestinal pH range and was successful in the development of optimized formulations while maintaining its antimicrobial potency. The systemic exposure, tissue ...
Mizumoto Shuji - - 2012
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) and dermatan sulfate (DS) interact with various extracellular molecules such as growth factors, cytokines/chemokines, neurotrophic factors, morphogens, and viral proteins, thereby playing roles in a variety of biological processes including cell adhesion, proliferation, tissue morphogenesis, neurite outgrowth, infections, and inflammation/leukocyte trafficking. CS/DS are modified with sulfate groups ...
Zhang Ying-Xiu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of childhood obesity was observed in China. This study assessed the prevalence and district distribution of childhood obesity in Shandong Province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the province. A total of 42 275 students (21 222 boys and 21 053 girls) aged 7-18 ...
Winkler M - - 2012
The importance of direct and indirect alcohol markers to evaluate alcohol consumption in clinical and forensic settings is increasingly recognized. While some markers are used to prove abstinence from ethanol, other markers are suitable for detection of alcohol misuse. Phosphatidyl ethanol (PEth) is ranked among the latter. There is only ...
Xia Xiaohua - - 2012
A number of genetic studies have established that Sox10 involved in a wide range of developmental processes including sex differentiation and neurogenesis in vertebrates. A Sox10 homologue was cloned from brain of Paramisgurnus dabryanus by using homologous cloning and RACE method, designated as PdSox10. The full-length cDNA of PdSox10 contains ...
Guven Baris - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms under neurally mediated syncope (NMS) are not fully understood. This study aimed to assess the level of storage iron in children with different hemodynamic patterns in head-up tilt test. METHODS: Altogether 210 children (11.31±2.49 years) with syncope or pre-syncope treated between May 2008 and September 2010 were ...
Horiguchi Naotaka - - 2012
RATIONALE: Isolation rearing in rodents causes not only abnormal behaviors which resemble the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia but also hypoalgesia in thermal nociception models. However, the mechanism of the hypoalgesia is not known. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effect of isolation rearing on acute pain and the descending pain ...
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