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Vimercati Sara Laura SL Bioengineering Department, Politecnico di Milano, p.zza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milan, Italy. - - 2013
Slow movements and atypical patterns of muscle activation are well-known features of Down Syndrome (DS). Some studies attribute these features to a deficit in voluntary motor commands and preprogramming of actions, that lead subjects with DS to be more reliant on feedback control. In the present study, we evaluated the ...
Tian Dongxu - - 2012
The interaction between lanthanum atom (La) and C(74) (D (3h)) was investigated by all-electron relativistic density function theory (DFT). With the aid of the representative patch of C(74) (D (3h)), we studied the interaction between C(74) (D (3h)) and La and obtained the interaction potential. Optimized structures show that there ...
Philips Binu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Exercise related ventricular tachycardia (VT) and high burden of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are common in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). We hypothesized that VT in ARVD/C shows a high degree of association with the PVC at baseline. METHODS AND RESULTS: -The study population included 16 consecutive ARVD/C patients ...
Varcasia A - - 2012
Coenurosis is a central nervous system disease of wild and domestic ruminants caused by Coenurus cerebralis, a bladder worm stage of Taenia multiceps). Even in Sardinia island, this metacestode seems to be widespread in sheep (Scala et al. Vet Parasitol 143(3-4):294-298, 2007) where coenurosis is an important health problem (Varcasia ...
Tang Wei - - 2012
The Arabidopsis thaliana bZIP60 (AtbZIP60) transcription factor regulates stress signaling. However, its molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this investigation, cell suspension cultures of two different plant species rice (Oryza sativa L.) and white pine (Pinus strobes L.) were transformed using Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 harboring pBI-AtZIP60. Integration of ...
Zaric Bojan - - 2013
Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) videobronchoscopy is a new technique for visualization of microvascular changes in bronchial mucosa. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate relation between vascular patterns visualized by NBI and histology of lung cancer. We prospectively evaluated 65 patients with suspected lung cancer scheduled for bronchoscopy. ...
Hassan Nabil E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT) is associated with many risk factors for lifethreatening complications. Post-transplant critical illness often requires admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made on the risk factors associated with PICU admission and mortality of all HSCT patients at Helen DeVos ...
Gluud Lise Lotte - - 2012
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a serious complication of acute and chronic liver disease associated with severe morbidity and mortality. We performed updated random effects meta-analyses to evaluate the evidence for non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol), rifaximin and branched chain amino acids (BCAA). A meta-analysis of randomized trials showed that, compared ...
Djunic Irena - - 2013
Using various risk factor scores, we aimed to identify a subset of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) for whom it was possible to assess the prognosis. We also aimed to develop a novel prognostic score system. This single centre study involved 102 patients of ≥60 years of age with ...
Sung Daekyung - - 2012
Our research efforts have been devoted to development of nanobead multilayer-based sensitive immunoassays on cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) plastic surfaces. To facilitate nanobead attachment and impart antibiofouling properties to a COC substrate, we used an amphiphilic copolymer comprising benzyl, polyethylene glycol, and reactive ester moieties to coat the hydrophobic COC ...
Kong Q T - - 2012
A 62-year-old immunocompetent rural woman who represents an isolated cryptococcal skull infection without systematic involvement is described. Diagnosis was based on positive India ink staining, positive histopathologic examination, and positive culture. Species identification was performed by growth on Sabouraud dextrose agar and CHROMagar medium and by sequencing of the intergenic ...
Nomoto Yuya - - 2012
Leaves of Cinnamosma fragrans were extracted with MeOH, and the concentrated MeOH extract was partitioned with EtOAc and H(2)O. From the H(2)O-soluble fraction, three new flavonol C-glycosides and two coloratane glucosides were isolated, along with nine known compounds. On extensive spectroscopic analysis, C-glycosylation was found to have occurred on the ...
Shu Yuanjie - - 2012
A novel environmentally friendly octahedrally coordinated 2D polymeric complexes bis(1,5-diaminotetrazole) -dichlorozinc(II) (Zn(DAT)(2)Cl(2)) was first designed based on the the crystal data of bis(1,5-diaminotetrazole)- dichlorocopper(II) (Cu(DAT)(2)Cl(2)). Density functional theory (DFT) was used to predict the optimized geometries at TPSSTPSS/6-311G(d, p) level. Densities and detonation properties were evaluated using the electron cloud ...
Wanelik Klara M - - 2012
In this study, we examine acoustic individuality in male duet songs of wild, non-habituated Bornean southern gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis) and identify contributing acoustic variables. We recorded 174 male duet songs from nine groups in a rainforest in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Each male portion of the duet was analysed for 14 ...
Boyd James H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Centre for Data Linkage (CDL) has been established to enable national and cross-jurisdictional health-related research in Australia. It has been funded through the Population Health Research Network (PHRN), a national initiative established under the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS). This paper describes the development of the ...
Rahimi Roja - - 2013
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (F. vulgare), commonly known as Fennel, is a popular medicinal plant with various pharmacological activities mentioned in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) and modern phytotherapy such as antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, bronchodilatory, estrogenic, diuretic, lithontripic, galactogogue, emmenagogue, antithrombotic, hypotensive, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, memory enhancing, and antimutagenic activities. No serious ...
Gamage N M - - 2012
Paget's disease (PD) of the bone is a disorder of bone remodelling that may be polyostotic or monostotic. Although development of a sarcoma in PD is well-recognised, it is less well recognised that pseudosarcomas in bone and soft tissue can also arise in this condition. In this report we document ...
Borgquist Signe - - 2012
The role of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) in breast cancer has been investigated since its identification in 1996. Studies based on protein expression have indicated that ERβ is a favorable prognostic marker. Further, ERβ expression is lower in obese breast cancer patients. Fewer studies have focused on the prognostic impact ...
Wang Wei - - 2012
The objective of this study was to correlate the expression pattern of candidate genes with the intramuscular fat (IMF) content and fatty acid composition of the Longissimus dorsi muscle of Duroc × Shanzhu commercial crossbred pigs. Animals of both sexes were slaughtered at a body weight of about 90 kg. The ...
Ionov Ilya D - - 2012
RATIONALE: Extrapyramidal motor signs are the major features of Parkinson's disease (PD). It is unclear whether there is a link between these signs and such PD-associated factors as brain somatostatin deficiency and aging. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine whether an inhibition of the brain somatostatin system can initiate catalepsy, ...
Rorat Marta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are increasing in the pediatric population. Their growing prevalence coincides with the obesity epidemic. Assessment of the incidence requires liver biopsies on a representative population sample, which are hampered by the absence of indications for invasive examination on ...
Choi Kang - - 2012
PURPOSE: Early-life stress (ELS) may mediate adjustment problems while resilience may protect individuals against adjustment problems during military service. We investigated the relationship of ELS and resilience with adjustment problem factor scores in the Korea Military Personality Test (KMPT) in candidates for the military service. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-one ...
Jaimovich Roberto R Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, FLENI Neurological Institute, Dr. Raúl Carrea Neurological Investigation Institute, 2325 Montañeses St, Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to present a case of a solitary intraventricular schwannoma with a review of the literature and to analyse the current theories of its origin. A 16-year-old male patient, without any pathological, genetic or familial history of significance, presented with symptoms of intracranial hypertension and ...
Alemayehu Gezahegn - - 2012
Risks of introduction of lumpy skin disease (LSD) through traded Borena bulls to market chain and its consequences were assessed. The assessment used the framework that has been recommended by the World Animal Health Organization (OIE) for risk analysis. Likelihoods for release and exposure were estimated by a qualitative scale ...
Pan Meichen - - 2012
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a common inherited disorder worldwide including southern China. G6PD gene mutations cause deficiency of the enzyme and a large spectrum of diseases. High-resolution DNA melting (HRM) assay was recently introduced as a rapid, inexpensive and effective method for genotyping. But there was a shortcoming of ...
Black Lee - - 2013
The primary goal of breast and ovarian cancer screening is to minimize the cases of advanced disease and therefore its mortality rate. For hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, one method to reach this goal is to disseminate genetic risk information among family members. However, experience tells us that this information ...
Horiguchi Naotaka - - 2012
RATIONALE: Isolation rearing in rodents causes not only abnormal behaviors which resemble the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia but also hypoalgesia in thermal nociception models. However, the mechanism of the hypoalgesia is not known. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effect of isolation rearing on acute pain and the descending pain ...
Hudák Istvan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fenestrations of intracranial arteries are variants resulting from incomplete fusion of vessels during development with unknown clinical significance. They are best visualised with 3D rotational angiography (3DRA). OBJECTIVE: In a prospective consecutive series of patients with suspected aneurysms, 3DRA was performed to identify not only the potential bleeding source ...
Maeshima Etsuko - - 2012
We have investigated the prevalence of dry mouth among patients with autoimmune diseases other than Sjögren's syndrome. One hundred and forty-four patients, excluding patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome, were enrolled in this study. The volume of saliva secreted was measured with the screening technique for estimation of salivary flow, which ...
Luo Liang - - 2012
It is well established that hyperplasia and decreased apoptosis of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) play an important role in the asthmatic airway remodeling. Tumor suppressor PTEN gene with phosphatase activity plays an important regulatory role in embryonic development, cell proliferation, and apoptosis, cell cycle regulation, migration (invasion) of the ...
Ai Amy L - - 2012
The study examined differential effects of preoperative biomarkers (cotisol, C-reactive protein/CRP, and interleukin-6/IL-6) on postoperative symptoms in mental health (depressed mood, anxiety and hostility) 1 month following open-heart surgery, controlling for known predictors. Preoperative and postoperative interviews were conducted on 162 patients. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected between 8 ...
Arslan Derya - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This was a prospective controlled study to determine the P-wave duration (Pdu) and P-wave dispersion (Pd) in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). METHODS: The study group consisted of 26 children with uncomplicated FMF and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We performed electrocardiography (ECG) with Doppler echocardiography on ...
Ozturan Orhan - - 2012
The presence of the Onodi cell (OC) may be accompanied by morphological variations of the neighboring anatomic structures. Such variations carry significant surgical implications and challenges. Pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus induces anterior clinoid pneumatization (ACP), affects the type of the Vidian nerve (VN) canal or alters the courses of ...
Wu Xilong X University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Neuroscience and Cell Biology, 683 Hoes Ln. W., Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, - - 2013
Potassium (K(+)) channels are targets of reactive oxygen species in the aging nervous system. KCNB1 (formerly Kv2.1), a voltage-gated K(+) channel abundantly expressed in the cortex and hippocampus, is oxidized in the brains of aging mice and of the triple transgenic 3xTg-AD mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. KCNB1 oxidation acts ...
Ulu Mehmet Ali - - 2012
To evaluate bone loss in the early- and late-stage ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients using posteroanterior (PA) and lateral lumbar and femoral bone mineral density (BMD) measurement methods. Eighty-six AS patients and 50 control subjects were enrolled. PA spine, lateral spine, and femur BMD values of patients and controls were measured. ...
Liu Wei - - 2013
To investigate the bactericidal effects of Jinghua Weikang Capsule () and its major component Chenopodium ambrosioides L. on antibiotic-resistant Helicobacter pylori. Four clinical antibiotic-resistant H. pylori strains were isolated and incubated in liquid medium containing Jinghua Weikang Capsule or Chenopodium ambrosioides L. By means of time-kill curve method, the average ...
Bogolyubova Irina - - 2012
Spatial interactions between nuclear actin and some proteins of the exon-exon junction complex (EJC) have been demonstrated in the nuclei of early mouse embryos by using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). FRET has been registered for the pairs actin-Y14, actin-Aly/REF and actin-NXF1/TAP in nucleoplasmic, irregularly shaped zones and in nucleolus ...
Aydiner Adnan - - 2013
Data comparing the efficacy of monthly and trimonthly formulations of LHRH agonists are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of monthly goserelin and trimonthly leuprolide on estradiol levels. A total of 79 early breast cancer patients receiving LHRH agonists for at least 6 months were enrolled ...
Liu Qi - - 2012
The success of RNA interference (RNAi) depends on the interaction between short interference RNAs (siRNAs) and mRNAs. Design of highly efficient and specific siRNAs has become a challenging issue in applications of RNAi. Here, we present a detailed survey on the state-of-the-art siRNAs design, focusing on several key issues with ...
Zhang Ji - - 2012
We report a DFT, TDDFT and DFTB investigation of the performance of two donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A)-type organic dyes bearing different electron-withdrawing groups (EWG) for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to evaluate which EWG is better for an acrylic acid acceptor, i.e., Cyano (-CN) or o-nitrophenyl (o-NO(2)-Ph). A series of theoretical criteria applied ...
Nwaneri Damia Uchechukwu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Behavioral aberrations such as nail biting, finger sucking, and pica have been postulated as risk factors that enhance helminths ova transmission. These aberrations may present commonly in children with chronic neurological disorders and predispose them to heavy intensity of intestinal helminthiasis. This comparative cross-sectional study was to determine the ...
Philip Benjamin A BA Department of Neuroscience, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. - - 2013
Primary motor cortex (MI) and parietal area PE both participate in cortical control of reaching actions, but few studies have been able to directly compare the form of kinematic encoding in the two areas simultaneously during hand tracking movements. To directly compare kinematic coding properties in these two areas under ...
Olde Nordkamp Louise R A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Indications for prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with inherited cardiac diseases stem from observational studies and are uncertain. This study evaluates the efficacy and harm rate of ICD implantations for primary prevention compared to secondary prevention in inherited cardiac diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Between January 1(st) 1993 ...
Zhang Yan - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the rural-urban disparities in breast cancer patients in China. The retrospective study was performed with a total of 2,139 breast cancer patients hospitalized in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University between the years 1997 and 2011. We applied Chi-square analysis to identify significant ...
Miyamoto Kei K The Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, The Henry Wellcome Building of Cancer and Developmental Biology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1QN, UK. - - 2013
Proper regulation of transcription is essential for cells to acquire and maintain cell identity. Transcriptional activation plays a central role in gene regulation and can be modulated by introducing transcriptional activators such as transcription factors. Activators act on their specific target genes to induce transcription. Reprogramming experiments have revealed that ...
Arai Tomio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Microsatellite instability (MSI) has been observed in 8-39 % of sporadic gastric cancers. However, despite numerous reports indicating a significant relationship between intestinal-type histology and MSI, detailed correlation between histological subtypes and MSI remains obscure. The purpose of the present study is to clarify the relationship between histological subtype and ...
Hamed Hossam O - - 2012
PURPOSES: To correlate between umbilical artery cord blood lactate and acid-base status with intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring, and to measure the reliability of umbilical cord blood lactate for prediction of early neonatal outcome. METHODS: Sixty-six participants with intrapartum abnormal fetal heart rate monitoring and 60 participants with normal intrapartum ...
Moreno António J M - - 2012
17β-estradiol (E2) is considered to modulate the ATP synthase activity through direct binding to the oligomycin sensitive-conferring protein. We have previously demonstrated that E2 increases the amplitude of depolarization associated with the addition of ADP to energized mitochondria (i.e., to initiate a phosphorylative cycle) suggesting a direct action on the ...
Barnes J C JC School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, 800 W. Campbell Road, Richardson, TX 75080, USA. - - 2013
Researchers typically analyze samples of twin pairs in order to decompose trait variance into genetic and environmental components. This methodological technique, referred to as twin-based research, rests on several assumptions that must be satisfied in order to produce unbiased results. While research has analyzed the tenability of certain assumptions such ...
Kazanjian Arminee - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the research described here is to assess the overall effectiveness of the workshop format as a Knowledge Exchange (KE) strategy in (1) disseminating scientific evidence, clinical experience, and systems information related to professionally led Online Support Groups (OSG) for cancer survivors and (2) facilitating the implementation ...
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