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Results 451 - 500 of 2979
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Schlaier Juergen Ralf - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to investigate the influence of intraoperative microelectrode recordings and clinical testing on the location of the final stimulation site in deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: In 22 patients with Parkinson's disease we compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and atlas-based targets with ...
Rogosnitzky Moshe - - 2012
Hepatoblastoma is the most common liver malignancy in children, typically diagnosed before age 2. The survival rate for hepatoblastoma has increased dramatically in the last 30 years, but the typical chemotherapeutic agents used for treatment are associated with significant toxicity. In this report, the authors present two cases of hepatoblastoma treated ...
Chang Cheng-Kai - - 2012
Band gap opening and engineering is one of the high priority goals in the development of graphene electronics. Here, we report on the opening and scaling of band gap in BN doped graphene (BNG) films grown by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition method. High resolution transmission electron microscopy is employed to ...
Seidler Andreas - - 2012
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and toxicological studies point to a potential carcinogenic effect of dinitrotoluene (DNT), particularly with respect to renal and urothelial cancer. METHODS: The cohort comprised all men born between 1920 and 1974 (n = 16,441) who were gainfully employed between 1953 and 1990 in one of two underground copper mines in ...
Pérez Bianca C - - 2012
The control of malaria is challenged by drug resistance, and new antimalarial drugs are needed. New drug discovery efforts include consideration of hybrid compounds as potential multi-target antimalarials. Previous work from our group has demonstrated that hybrid structures resulting from cinnamic acid conjugation with heterocyclic moieties from well known antimalarials ...
Wiemken T - - 2012
Few patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) require admission to the intensive care unit (ICU-CAP). However, they represent the most severe form of the disease. An understanding of the etiologic agents of ICU-CAP may lead to better treatment decisions and patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the ...
Wu Yili - - 2012
We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence from prospective studies regarding the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk. A comprehensive search was conducted to identify eligible studies. The fixed or random effect model was used based on heterogeneity test. The dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic ...
Shi Hongyan - - 2012
Femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy and microscopy were employed to study exciton dynamics in suspended and Si3N4 substrate-supported monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals. Exciton dynamics for the monolayer and few-layer structures were found to be remarkably different from those of thick crystals when probed at energies near that of the ...
Shrigiriwar Manish - - 2012
Age determination is crucial in medicolegal cases. Various factors are considered for determination of age, out of which teeth are the most durable structures in human body which are better preserved even in the acidic soil. In many archaeological sites and forensic cases, teeth are the only available human remains ...
Pandey Ambarish - - 2012
There is an increased interest in smartphone applications as a tool for delivery of health-care information. There have been no studies which evaluated the availability and content of cancer-related smartphone applications. This study aims to identify and analyze cancer-related applications available on the Apple iTunes platform. The Apple iTunes store ...
Deb S - - 2012
A heavy metal resistant strain, Pseudomonas stutzeri (MTCC 101) has been investigated for its cadmium tolerance properties along with its antibiotic resistance. The organism could tolerate cadmium up to 1,200 μg/mL with LD(50) value 700 μg/mL. The gene(s) involved in such high resistance appear(s) to be induced in the presence of the ...
Zhang Dong Qing - - 2012
Pharmaceutical compounds are now considered as emerging contaminants of environmental concern. The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the uptake and translocation of clofibric acid (CA) by the macrophyte Scirpus validus growing hydroponically. A set of the three replicates was established for each exposure time and for each ...
Grilli D J - - 2012
We isolated and identified functional groups of bacteria in the rumen of Creole goats involved in ruminal fermentation of native forage shrubs. The functional bacterial groups were evaluated by comparing the total viable, total anaerobic, cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic, and amylolytic bacterial counts in the samples taken from fistulated goats fed native ...
Marzan Lolo Wal - - 2012
Effect of acidic condition on the fermentation characteristics was investigated by the continuous culture of Escherichia coli. In accordance with down-regulation of crp gene transcript level as well as up-regulation of arcA, the expressions of the TCA cycle genes were down-regulated, which caused more acetate formation at acidic condition under ...
Zhou Guang-Can - - 2012
Thiamethoxam (THIA), a second generation neonicotinoid insecticide in the thianicotinyl subclass, is used worldwide. Environmental studies revealed that microbial degradation is the major mode of removal of this pesticide from soil. However, microbial transformation of THIA is poorly understood. In the present study, we isolated a bacterium able to degrade ...
Wang Jingxian - - 2012
Bioavailable concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in water of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) using semipermeable membrane devices during the period of completely impounding water. ∑PAH concentrations in water of TGR in the period of completely impounding water were 15-381 ng L(-1). ∑PAH concentrations increased from town or counties to ...
Wu Tao - - 2013
Matrix metalloproteinase-21 (MMP-21) has been shown to enhance tumor invasion and metastasis ability in some solid tumors. In the present study, we investigated the expression of MMP-21 as well as its association with overall survival of gastric cancer patients. MMP-21 expression was investigated in 296 cases of gastric cancer by ...
Frizziero A - - 2012
Damage to the mutual and delicate articular relationships of the foot may lead to functional failure. A painful foot can be the heralding sign of inflammatory, metabolic or degenerative rheumatic disease that may cause severe disability if left untreated. Healthy tendons are brilliant white in colour, are fibroelastic in texture ...
Lv Yang - - 2013
Periostin (PN) is a kind of secreted glycoprotein, which is closely related to the metastatic potential and prognosis of many kinds of tumors in recent studies. However, the expression level of PN in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its correlation with tumor angiogenesis and prognosis remain unclear. Here Immunohistochemistry assay was ...
Yamazaki Hiroyuki - - 2012
The ethanol extract of an Indonesian marine sponge Lamellodysidea herbacea inhibited the activity of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), an important target enzyme for the treatment of type II diabetes. Bioassay-guided isolation yielded a known polybromodiphenyl ether (1) as a sole bioactive component. The structure of 1 was confirmed by ...
Kiyatkin Eugene A EA In-Vivo Electrophysiology Unit, Behavioral Neuroscience Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, 333 Cassell Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. - - 2013
Most neuroactive drugs affect brain metabolism as well as systemic and cerebral blood flow, thus altering brain temperature. Although this aspect of drug action usually remains in the shadows, drug-induced alterations in brain temperature reflect their metabolic neural effects and affect neural activity and neural functions. Here, I review brain ...
Singh Thakur Gurjeet - - 2012
G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 is noted to mediate a number of signal transduction cascades involved in the causation of nicotine withdrawal syndrome. Therefore, the present study investigated the effect of Ro 32-0432, a G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 inhibitor, on propagation of nicotine dependence and resultant withdrawal signs in ...
Park Seung S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Advancing female age remains a difficult problem in infertility treatment. Ovarian angiogenesis plays an important role in follicular development and the activation of ovarian angiogenesis has been emerged as a new strategy for the improvement of age-related decline of oocyte quality. BMP-6 affect gonadotropin signals in granulosa cells ...
Giménez Papiol Gemma - - 2012
Monitoring of amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) toxins in shellfish from the Catalan coast started in 2001. No ASP toxins were detected in any of the analyses performed before 2008. On 22 January 2008, domoic acid (DA) was detected in Donax trunculus (0.5 mg kg(-1)) and confirmed by rapid resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass ...
Sharma Rajat - - 2012
Chemical pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass has been extensively investigated for sugar generation and subsequent fuel production. Alkaline pretreatment has emerged as one of the popular chemical pretreatment methods, but most attempts thus far have utilized NaOH for the pretreatment process. This study aimed at investigating the potential of potassium hydroxide ...
Lee Hyun Jeong - - 2012
Photosynthetic microorganisms produce relatively large amounts of physiologically active materials which stimulate the physiological activity of other organisms. In this study, mammalian HeLa cells were cultured in different culture media which were Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (DMEM) with newborn calf serum (NCS), and DMEM including different types of physiologically activating ...
McCall Andrew A AA Department of Otolaryngology, Eye and Ear Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Room 519, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2013
The dorsolateral reticular formation of the caudal medulla, the lateral tegmental field (LTF), participates in generating vomiting. LTF neurons exhibited complex responses to vestibular stimulation in decerebrate cats, indicating that they received converging inputs from a variety of labyrinthine receptors. Such a convergence pattern of vestibular inputs is appropriate for ...
Garg Anubhav - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Clinicians commonly rely on automated diagnostic interpretations for initial, point-of-care identification of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities. Our study goal was to investigate how one widely used computerized ECG analysis system performs in labeling prolongation of heart rate (HR)-corrected QT interval (QTc), an arrhythmia risk marker. METHODS AND RESULTS: -ECGs acquired ...
Alcindor T - - 2013
To determine whether metabolic or pathological response to preoperative chemotherapy can predict the relapse-free survival of gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma patients treated on a perioperative chemotherapy protocol. The prospectively collected data of a recently reported phase II trial of perioperative DCF chemotherapy (docetaxel/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil) were analyzed. Median relapse-free survival (RFS) was compared with ...
Uyei Jennifer - - 2012
To address the considerable tuberculosis (TB)/HIV co-infected population in Cape Town, a number of clinics have made an effort of varying degrees to integrate TB and HIV services. This article describes the development of a theory-based survey instrument designed to quantify the extent to which services were integrated in 33 ...
Lugassy Claire C Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA, - - 2013
The interaction of tumor cells with the tumor vasculature is mainly studied for its role in tumor angiogenesis and intravascular metastasis of circulating tumor cells. In addition, a specific interaction of tumor cells with the abluminal surfaces of vessels, or angiotropism, may promote the migration of angiotropic tumor cells along ...
Madani Tahereh T Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, No 12 East Hafez Avenue, Tehran, - - 2013
To compare the number of oocytes per follicles in ovulation induction with 10,000 IU urinary hCG (uhCG) and two different doses of recombinant hCG (rhCG) in women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. This study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial which was performed on 180 primary infertile women undergoing ...
Li Su-Na SN Chinese PLA Postgraduate Medical School, Beijing, 100853, - - 2013
To observe the influence of therapy with Chinese medicine Lirukang Granule (, LRKG) combined with psychological intervention on anxiety states and sex hormones in patients with cyclomastopathy and menoxenia. A total of 470 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups by the net-central randomization system, the treatment group (161 patients, ...
Kwak Yunyoung - - 2012
Concerned with the influence of tagging system on the expression of heterogeneous protein in Escherichia coli, we attempted to express the organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) of Flavobacterium sp. ATCC 27551 in E. coli. Recombinant OPH was overproduced successfully in E. coli when modified without the use of a tobacco etch virus ...
Zhao Rui-Hua - - 2013
To investigate the effect of Chinese medicine (CM) and Western medicine (WM) on quality of life (QOL) after conservative surgery for endometriosis. A total of 320 patients with endometriosis were randomized into two groups by using random block design, CM group (160 cases, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis ...
Pellicciari C - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy is a moderately invasive therapeutic procedure based on the action of photosensitizers (PSs). These compounds are able to absorb light, and dissipate energy through photochemical processes leading to the production of oxidizing chemical species (singlet oxygen, free radicals or reactive oxygen species) which can damage the cell molecular ...
Russell K W - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to characterize the clinical course and outcomes of children with pancreatic pseudocysts that were initially treated non-operatively or with percutaneous drainage. METHODS: A retrospective review of children with pancreatic pseudocysts over a 12-year period was completed. Categorical variables were compared using Fischer's exact ...
Dabrera G - - 2012
Thunderstorm asthma is a term used to describe an observed increase in acute bronchospasm cases following the occurrence of thunderstorms in the local vicinity. The roles of accompanying meteorological features and aeroallergens, such as pollen grains and fungal spores, have been studied in an effort to explain why thunderstorm asthma ...
Bossers Sebastiaan M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of brain function and metabolism during surgery may be of benefit for patient outcome. Microdialysis is the only sampling technique to date that allows continuous monitoring of drug or metabolite concentrations in the extracellular fluid of multiple tissues in the brain. This qualitative systematic review aimed to determine ...
Haustein Michael - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of acetazolamide (AZ) on different ocular vascular beds. METHODS: In a prospective study, 32 healthy volunteers (16 male, 16 female) with a mean age of 23.9 ± 3.3 years (20-39 years) were included. Before and after intravenous administration of 1,000 mg AZ (single dose), ocular microcirculation parameters were measured every ...
Song Yongxing - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between ginkgolide B (GB) and the JAK/STAT signaling pathway and to explore its regulating effect on secondary cell apoptosis following spinal cord injury (SCI), to elucidate the protective mechanism GB against acute SCI. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham-operated group, an ...
Janssens S S Center for Medical Genetics Ghent, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Recent technological developments in molecular genetics facilitate the large-scale detection of inherited genetic disorders and allow an increasing number of genetic conditions to be screened for (American College of Medical Genetics 2012). This technological evolution creates the background which makes reflection necessary about the desirability to offer community-based (preconception) carrier ...
Vlassoff Michael - - 2012
This article presents estimates based on the research conducted in 2010 of the cost to the Ugandan health system of providing post-abortion care (PAC), filling a gap in knowledge of the cost of unsafe abortion. Thirty-nine public and private health facilities were sampled representing three levels of health care, and ...
Wang Yun-Feng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Benign convulsions occur in infants during the course of mild gastroenteritis. It is now recognized as a distinct clinical entity in many countries. However, its occurrence in China has not yet been widely recognized by Chinese pediatricians. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 48 patients with convulsions between ...
Cavaliere F M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Existing ways of assessing CVID patients at risk of pulmonary infections are not universally accepted. The need to identify additional prognostic factors allowed us to evaluate the anti-polysaccharide IgA and IgM responses in 125 CVID patients immunized with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide (PS) vaccine (Pneumovax®). METHODS: We used a ...
Smit Justin K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Definitive (chemo)radiotherapy is employed in esophageal cancer patients as an alternative for patients considered medically unfit for surgery or having unresectable tumors. We evaluated a population-based cohort to improve the selection for intensified nonsurgical strategies and to identify prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients who had squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or ...
Sandhya B - - 2012
The binding of stavudine (STV) to two human blood proteins [human hemoglobin (HHb) and human serum albumin (HSA)] was studied in vitro under simulated physiological conditions by spectroscopic methods viz., fluorescence, UV absorption, resonance light scattering, synchronous fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) and three-dimensional fluorescence. The binding parameters of STV-blood protein ...
Belforte F S - - 2013
The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a key role in the activation of innate immune response participating in the recognition of lipopolysaccharides. Changes in the innate immune response are involved in the pathogenesis of some metabolic disorders such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Met-S and T2DM). It ...
Alici Gokhan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Although carotid artery stenting (CAS) is an effective treatment for severe carotid stenosis, it has been associated with alterations in autonomic functions during or shortly after the procedure. And, autonomic functions influence P-wave durations. In this study, our aim was to investigate P-wave durations on 12-lead surface electrocardiography after ...
Ekor Martins - - 2013
There is renewed attention and greater focus on anxiety and sleep- sleep-related disturbances because of the high prevalence, complexity, and their health related implications. The role of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), which refers to therapeutic approaches that are "complementary to the end goals of decreasing illness and enhancing wellness, ...
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