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Results 401 - 450 of 1334
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Lamberti Gaetano - - 2013
In this work, a fast and accurate method to evaluate the water content in a cellulose derivative-based matrix subjected to controlled hydration was proposed and tuned. The method is based on the evaluation of the work of penetration required in the needle compression test. The work of penetration was successfully ...
Liu Xiangyao - - 2013
Cellulose fibers were engineered by in situ oxidative polymerization of aniline using ammonium persulfate as oxidant/initiator. The polyaniline/cellulose fiber composite was used for the treatment of Cr(VI)-contaminated water, and its effect was evaluated. Under the conditions studied, the composite exhibited very high water detoxification efficiency, as a result of reduction ...
Hsu Wen-Kuang - - 2013
Intracellular polysaccharides (iPs) were separated and purified from Coriolus versicolor LH1 mycelia and characterized for their α-glucosidase inhibitory properties. Three iP fractions (iPL-F5-2-1, iPL-F5-4-1, and iPL-F5-5-1) were extracted, separated, and purified from LH1 mycelia using microwave extraction technology, a DEAE-Sepharose™ CL-6B column, a Diaion(®) HP20 macroporous adsorption column, and a ...
Labanowska Maria - - 2013
The mechanism of thermal radical generation has been studied in cereal starches containing different amylose contents. Samples of four corn starches and one of wheat has been investigated using electron paramagnetic resonance and Raman spectroscopies. It has been found, that the content of amylose influences the character of thermally created ...
Lv Xiaohua - - 2013
Corn starch graft copolymers were prepared from acrylamide/dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride binary monomers (AM/DMDAAC) by a simultaneous radiation grafting method, and were characterized by FTIR and (1)H NMR techniques, weight measurement and titration method. The copolymers with high grafting ratio and high grafting efficiency of binary monomers were achieved at ...
Easo Sheeja Liza - - 2013
Iron oxide nanoparticles are one of the most important genres of nanoparticles with promise. Dextran, a stable biocompatible coating agent was employed in the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles in the presence of urea. The morphology of nanoparticles was confirmed by dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. These particles ...
Cheema Hammad A - - 2013
Two novel halogen-free phosphorous-nitrogen flame retardant bifunctional monomers were synthesized and characterized using attenuated total reflectance/Fourier transform-infrared (ATR/FT-IR) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry ((+)ESI-MS). The monomers were applied separately and graft polymerized on cotton in the presence of the thermal initiator K(2)S(2)O(8). The performance of each monomer was evaluated using ...
de Araújo Morandim-Giannetti Andreia - - 2013
Recently, much research on the evaluation of new cellulose sources has been developed. In this context, a promising source is "napier grass", which contains 30.40% lignin, 36.34% cellulose, and 34.12% hemicellulose. In this work, conditions for the delignification of "napier grass" in the laboratory were studied by using calcium oxide ...
Basanta María F - - 2013
The cell wall polysaccharides of Regina and Sunburst cherry varieties at two developmental stages were extracted sequentially, and their changes in monosaccharide composition and functional properties were studied. The loosely-attached pectins presented a lower d-galacturonic acid/rhamnose ratio than ionically-bound pectins, as well as lower thickening effects of their respective 2% ...
Li Wei-Zun - - 2013
We investigated the use of ionic liquid (IL) 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (AMIMCl) for extracting cellulose from Zoysia japonica by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis to analyze the IL and its effects on cellulose extraction. After water pretreatment at 121°C for several minutes, ...
Wang Yanchao - - 2013
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) has been widely studied and extensively recognized as a target for commercial fishing. In this study, Antarctic krill chitin was extracted from defatted Antarctic krill shell, and its crystalline structure and thermal properties were characterized by employing Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, ...
Goñi M G - - 2013
Many studies have focused on seed decontamination but no one has been capable of eliminating all pathogenic bacteria. Two objectives were followed. First, to assess the in vitro antimicrobial activity of chitosan against: (a) Escherichia coli O157:H7, (b) native microflora of lettuce and (c) native microflora of lettuce seeds. Second, ...
Xu Yuanting - - 2013
Biological tissues must be chemically fixed before they can be implanted in humans, due to the immediate degradation and presence of antigenicity of naturally derived tissues. To provide a crosslinking reagent which is cytocompatible and may prepare biocompatible fixed tissues, a novel crosslinking agent, alginate dialdehyde (ADA), was employed to ...
Huamin Qiu - - 2013
A novel flow injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) sensor for the determination of sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) was established which using chitosan/graphene oxide-molecularly imprinted polymers (CG-MIP) as recognition element. The SMZ-CG-MIP was synthesized in acetone as solvent and chitosan/graphene oxide for support, using acrylamide as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker and 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile ...
Mironenko A Yu - - 2013
Sensitive layer-by-layer (LbL) coatings for optical detection of gaseous NH(3) and HCl were prepared by self-assembly of oppositely charged polysaccharides (chitosan and λ-carrageenan) followed by doping LbLs with pH-sensitive dyes - bromothymol blue (BTB) and Congo red (CR). It has been shown that CR, being an amphoteric dye, diffuses into ...
Kitaoka Takuya - - 2013
Bioactive O-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-d-glucopyranose (4'-galactosyl lactose) was site-selectively modified at a reducing end with thiosemicarbazide (TSC). As-synthesized 4'-galactosyl lactose-TSC was immobilized on a gold substrate with cellobiose-TSC as a spacer through spontaneous self-assembly chemisorption via SAu bonding. Quartz crystal microbalance analysis suggested the successful formation of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 4'-galactosyl lactose-TSC ...
Liu Xiaoping - - 2012
This study was carried out to explore anti-breast cancer potential of isoflavone daidzein or its related compounds using appropriate animal models and their anti-tumor mechanism. Daidzein or its major metabolite equol at a dose molar equivalent to tamoxifen [1.0 mg(2.7 μmol)/kg or 10 mg (27 μmol)/kg/day] was treated orally to ...
Cai Canhui - - 2013
Twelve starches were isolated from the tuberous root of sweet potato, the rhizomes of lotus and yam, the tuber of potato, the corm of water chestnut, and the seeds of pea, bean, barley, wheat, lotus, water caltrop, and ginkgo. Their gelatinization processes were in situ viewed using a polarizing microscope ...
Bae Min Soo - - 2013
The objective of this study was to modify zirconium dioxide (ZrO(2)) with photo-cured hyaluronic acid hydrogel (pcHAgel), and to subsequently evaluate the bone regeneration potential of the modified ZrO(2). In the present study, HA grafted onto a ZrO(2) substrate was investigated for its biocompatibility and other properties. We describe the ...
Auriemma Giulia - - 2013
This paper proposes a multi-particulate drug delivery system produced by prilling technique in combination with an enteric coating. Optimization of process parameters, such as feed viscosity at nozzle, selection of cross-linker, pH of the gelling solution and cross-linking time, allows to obtain beads with strong gelled matrix. Results showed that ...
Bobadilla Francisca - - 2013
Five types of macroalgae from the southern hemisphere were analysed for the presence of β-1,3/1,6-glucan and its immunostimulant properties. We were able to extract soluble β-1,3/1,6-d-glucan from Durvillaea antarctica (Chamisso) Hariot (DA). The morphology of the brown algae influenced extraction, and the highest percentage of β-glucan was found in the ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Although the synthetic hydrogel materials capable of accelerating wound healing are being developed at a rapid pace, achieving inorganic-organic hybrid at nanoscale dimension in nanofibrous hydrogels is still a great challenge because of its notorious brittleness and microstructural stability in wet state. Here, we developed a new nanofibrous gelatin/bioactive glass ...
Cao Xiaodong - - 2013
A series of carboxylated styrene-butadiene rubber (XSBR)/cellulose nanocrystals (CNs) latex composites were successfully prepared. The vulcanization process, morphology, dynamic viscoelastic behavior, dynamic mechanical property, thermal and mechanical performance of the XSBR/CNs composites were investigated in detail. The results revealed that CNs were dispersed uniformly in the XSBR matrix and formed ...
Chen Jinling - - 2013
The fructose polymer fructan was extracted from white garlic and fractionated using DEAE cellulose 52 and Sephadex G-100 columns to characterize its chemical composition and protective effect against ultraviolet radiation b (UVB) induced human keratinocyte (HaTaC) damage. Gel permeation chromatography, high performance anion exchange chromatography, infrared spectroscopy and 1D and ...
Zhang Nuozi - - 2013
Blends of gelatin with up to 50% hydroxypropylated high amylose (80%) corn starch were developed as capsule materials. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was used as both a plasticizer and a compatibilizer in the blends. In order to prepare hard capsules for pharmaceutical applications using the well-established method of dipping stainless steel ...
Guo Yanzhu - - 2013
Self-associating cellulose-graft-poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (cellulose-g-PCL) copolymers were successfully synthesized via homogeneous ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ɛ-CL onto softwood dissolved pulp substrate in ionic liquid 1-N-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim]Cl). An organic catalyst N,N-dimethylamino-4-pyridine (DMAP) was compared with the traditional metal-based catalyst (Sn(Oct)(2)) as the catalyst of the reaction, and exhibited higher catalytic activity. By ...
Zhang Juan - - 2013
Using Canna edulis Ker by-product as raw materials, soluble dietary fiber (SDF) was prepared using six different methods, including chemical, physical-chemical, enzymatic, physical-enzymatic, chemical-enzymatic and physical-chemical-enzymatic methods. As main component in the C. edulis by-product composed of cellulose, glucose converts to other single sugars, which form a series of compounds ...
Lee Seung-Hong - - 2013
Fucoidan extracted from Ecklonia cava had strong anti-inflammatory activities. However, the direct effects of fucoidan of E. cava on anti-inflammatory activities in vivo model remained to be determined. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of fucoidan extracted from E. cava (ECF) using tail-cutting-induced and ...
Cai Jie - - 2013
In this study, purified bamboo cellulose was used to synthesize cellulose diacetate (B-CDA). The synthesis was controlled by determination of the degree of substitution and insoluble residue content. The product then was characterized by FTIR. The rheological properties of B-CDA solutions in acetone/N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solvent system were systematically investigated on ...
Yu Xiaolin - - 2013
A multi-amino adsorbent for arsenic adsorption was reported in this paper. Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was first grafted onto the surface of cotton cellulose using ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) as the initiator, and then the introduced epoxy groups reacted with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) to obtain a multi-amino adsorbent. The adsorbent was characterized ...
Liu Wenhui - - 2013
Diesters and diols were successfully converted into aliphatic polyesters by enzymatic lipase Candida sp.99-125 catalysis, with β-cyclodextrin acting as supporting architecture (in a similar way as chaperone proteins). No organic solvents were used. The polytransesterification was a much greener process, being solvent-free and without metal residues. Lipase Candida sp.99-125 showed ...
Ul-Islam Mazhar - - 2013
The addition of certain supplementary carbon sources to the culture media can influence the production, structural features and mechanical properties of bacterial cellulose (BC). In this study, different concentrations (0, 1, 2 and 4%) of a by-product, single sugar α-linked glucuronic acid-based oligosaccharide (SSGO), were added to the culture media ...
Sugumaran K R - - 2013
Production of a commercially important biodegradable polymer, pullulan, by Aureobasidium pullulans from four agricultural wastes namely wheat bran, rice bran, coconut kernel and palm kernel was evaluated in solid state fermentation. Under the experimental conditions, palm kernel resulted in highest concentration of pullulan (16g/L) among the four solid substrates. Optimum ...
Ahmad Syed Ishraque - - 2013
To overcome the drawbacks associated with iodine e.g. insolubility in water, etc., it has been complexed with polymers that have the ability to bind it. In this study, gum arabic (GA), a natural gum was functionalized to introduce new reactive groups that can easily interact with small molecules followed by ...
Zhang Taiying - - 2013
Dilute oxalic acid pretreatment was applied to maple wood to improve compatibility with downstream operations, and its performance in pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis was compared to results for hydrothermal and dilute hydrochloric and sulfuric acid pretreatments. The highest total xylose yield of ∼84% of the theoretical maximum was for ...
Ha Wei - - 2013
A kind of novel magnetic hollow spheres was prepared by encapsulating magnetofluid into polymeric hollow spheres. Polymeric hollow nanospheres were constructed by self-assembly of rod-coil complexes, in which the rod-like segments were formed by inclusion of α-cyclodextrins (α-CD) and grafting poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains of chitosan-graft-PEG (CS-g-PEG). Structural characteristics of ...
Daemi Hamed - - 2013
A series of aqueous polyurethane dispersions were synthesized by the reaction of polytetramethylene glycol and isophorone diisocyanate, extended with dimethylol propionic acid. Their chemical structures were characterized using FTIR, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR, and thermal properties were determined by DMTA. Then, a number of aqueous polyurethane dispersions-sodium alginate (PUD/SA) ...
Wang Hongwu - - 2013
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) originating from the metabolism or lysis of microorganisms play important roles in biological wastewater treatment. It is necessary to understand the correlation between EPSs and the reactor operation and sludge-retention time (SRT) of the activated-sludge process to gain efficient operational strategies. Laboratory-scale completely mixed activated-sludge processes ...
Cheng Haoran - - 2013
The polysaccharides were extracted from Epimedium acuminatum by hot water extraction, ultrasonic-assisted extraction, enzyme extraction, and microwave-assisted extraction. The physicochemical properties of Epimedium polysaccharides were then determined by chemical composition analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Further, the antioxidant activities were studied via different ...
Liu Lei - - 2013
In this study, we purified and characterized a polysaccharide (SMP-W1) from Salvia miltiorrhiza and investigated its anticancer and immunoregulatory potential in vitro and in vivo. The monosaccharide composition, protein content, uronic acid content, total carbohydrate content, viscosity and molecular weight of SMP-W1 were analyzed. In vitro, SMP-W1 had an antiproliferative ...
- - 2012
The authors of the article suggested the method of standardization of consumption of antibacterial medicines for liquidation of consequences of emergency situations taking into account the sanitary-epidemiologic features of region. There is presented results of calculations of consumption criteria of antibacterial drugs for liquidation of consequences of regional emergency situations ...
Akishinonomiya Kiko - - 2012
With an aim of advancing knowledge: that supports strategies for tuberculosis (TB) prevention, the current study was designed (1) to examine knowledge, perceptions, beliefs, and behaviors towards general health and diseases, including TB, and (2) to explore relationships among knowledge, perceptions, beliefs of TB, and TB prevention behaviors. Questionnaire surveys ...
Kaur Harinderjeet - - 2012
In the present study factors responsible for low seed biomass in wild Cicer species has been investigated. Cicer judaicum and chickpea cultivar PBG-1 were investigated to compare activities of some enzymes involved in carbon metabolism in podwall and seeds during crop development. Seed filling duration in wild species was about ...
Elske van den Akker-van Marle M - - 2012
Rheumatic disorders concern a broad spectrum of painful disorders affecting the musculoskeletal system, and are responsible for a considerable amount of disease burden and also a substantial economic burden. This economic burden consists of direct and indirect costs, but also the so-called intangible costs. In this study, we estimated the ...
Katsube Yasuaki - - 2012
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer known for multiple metastasis, but the frequency of metastasis to the head and neck region is low. We report two cases of metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the head and neck region. The case 1 is a 79 year-old man with renal ...
Zhang Su-hua - - 2012
To investigate the genetic data of 12 autosomal STR loci included in Investigator HDplex kit and to evaluate its forensic application in Han nationality of Eastern China. A total of 484 unrelated healthy individuals in Han nationality of Eastern China were investigated with Investigator HDplex kit. Allele frequencies, population genetics ...
Morey Rick - - 2012
Rule number one for running a successful, profitable home care company: It is essential to have an efficient, cost-effective administrative operation. A hard fact of the home care industry is that the location of an agency, to a large extent, dictates the billing rates as well as caregiver pay. Therefore, ...
Yoshimoto Sanae - - 2012
It is known that a directionally ambiguous test stimulus is perceived to move in the same direction as a brief preceding priming stimulus when both stimuli are presented at the same retinal location (visual motion priming). To examine the spatial properties of visual motion priming under different retinal illuminance, we ...
- - 2012
Modern organization providing medical aid to victims of explosion trauma in peace time, the success of which largely depends on the timely and professional interaction among the structures involeved into emergency relief operation is represented in the article. Content and sequence of events providing emergency medical and first medical aid ...
Nigorikawa Hiroko - - 2012
The index case was a patient who was admitted to a general hospital and treated with pulsed corticosteroid therapy; her breathing was assisted by a respirator. Soon she developed tuberculosis (TB) and died. Immediately after her death, QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT) test was conducted in healthcare workers who were in close ...
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