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Results 401 - 450 of 1335
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Song Zhaoping - - 2013
Hydrophobic modification of cellulose fibers was conducted via plasma-induced polymerization in an attempt to graft the hydrophobic polymer chains on paper surface, this increasing the hydrophobicity of paper. Two hydrophobic monomers, butyl acrylate (BA) and 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (2-EHA), were grafted on cellulose fibers, induced by atmospheric cold plasma. Various influencing ...
Hsu Wen-Kuang - - 2013
Intracellular polysaccharides (iPs) were separated and purified from Coriolus versicolor LH1 mycelia and characterized for their α-glucosidase inhibitory properties. Three iP fractions (iPL-F5-2-1, iPL-F5-4-1, and iPL-F5-5-1) were extracted, separated, and purified from LH1 mycelia using microwave extraction technology, a DEAE-Sepharose™ CL-6B column, a Diaion(®) HP20 macroporous adsorption column, and a ...
Lv Xiaohua - - 2013
Corn starch graft copolymers were prepared from acrylamide/dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride binary monomers (AM/DMDAAC) by a simultaneous radiation grafting method, and were characterized by FTIR and (1)H NMR techniques, weight measurement and titration method. The copolymers with high grafting ratio and high grafting efficiency of binary monomers were achieved at ...
Easo Sheeja Liza - - 2013
Iron oxide nanoparticles are one of the most important genres of nanoparticles with promise. Dextran, a stable biocompatible coating agent was employed in the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles in the presence of urea. The morphology of nanoparticles was confirmed by dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. These particles ...
Svensson Anna - - 2013
Dry ultra-porous cellulose fibres were obtained using a liquid exchange procedure in which water was replaced in the following order: water, methanol, acetone, and finally pentane; thereafter, the fibres were dried with Ar(g). The dry samples (of TEMPO-oxidized dissolving pulp) had a specific surface area of 130m(2)g(-1) as measured using ...
Yang Shaoqing - - 2013
A novel β-glucosidase gene (PtBglu1) from the thermophilic fungus, Paecilomyces thermophila, was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. PtBglu1 contained an open reading frame of 1440-bp nucleotides and encoded a protein of 479 amino acids which showed significant similarity to other fungal β-glucosidases from glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 1. The ...
de Araújo Morandim-Giannetti Andreia - - 2013
Recently, much research on the evaluation of new cellulose sources has been developed. In this context, a promising source is "napier grass", which contains 30.40% lignin, 36.34% cellulose, and 34.12% hemicellulose. In this work, conditions for the delignification of "napier grass" in the laboratory were studied by using calcium oxide ...
Liu Xiangyao - - 2013
Cellulose fibers were engineered by in situ oxidative polymerization of aniline using ammonium persulfate as oxidant/initiator. The polyaniline/cellulose fiber composite was used for the treatment of Cr(VI)-contaminated water, and its effect was evaluated. Under the conditions studied, the composite exhibited very high water detoxification efficiency, as a result of reduction ...
Basanta María F - - 2013
The cell wall polysaccharides of Regina and Sunburst cherry varieties at two developmental stages were extracted sequentially, and their changes in monosaccharide composition and functional properties were studied. The loosely-attached pectins presented a lower d-galacturonic acid/rhamnose ratio than ionically-bound pectins, as well as lower thickening effects of their respective 2% ...
Labanowska Maria - - 2013
The mechanism of thermal radical generation has been studied in cereal starches containing different amylose contents. Samples of four corn starches and one of wheat has been investigated using electron paramagnetic resonance and Raman spectroscopies. It has been found, that the content of amylose influences the character of thermally created ...
Li Wei-Zun - - 2013
We investigated the use of ionic liquid (IL) 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (AMIMCl) for extracting cellulose from Zoysia japonica by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis to analyze the IL and its effects on cellulose extraction. After water pretreatment at 121°C for several minutes, ...
Wang Yanchao - - 2013
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) has been widely studied and extensively recognized as a target for commercial fishing. In this study, Antarctic krill chitin was extracted from defatted Antarctic krill shell, and its crystalline structure and thermal properties were characterized by employing Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, ...
Huamin Qiu - - 2013
A novel flow injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) sensor for the determination of sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) was established which using chitosan/graphene oxide-molecularly imprinted polymers (CG-MIP) as recognition element. The SMZ-CG-MIP was synthesized in acetone as solvent and chitosan/graphene oxide for support, using acrylamide as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker and 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile ...
Mironenko A Yu - - 2013
Sensitive layer-by-layer (LbL) coatings for optical detection of gaseous NH(3) and HCl were prepared by self-assembly of oppositely charged polysaccharides (chitosan and λ-carrageenan) followed by doping LbLs with pH-sensitive dyes - bromothymol blue (BTB) and Congo red (CR). It has been shown that CR, being an amphoteric dye, diffuses into ...
Xu Yuanting - - 2013
Biological tissues must be chemically fixed before they can be implanted in humans, due to the immediate degradation and presence of antigenicity of naturally derived tissues. To provide a crosslinking reagent which is cytocompatible and may prepare biocompatible fixed tissues, a novel crosslinking agent, alginate dialdehyde (ADA), was employed to ...
Goñi M G - - 2013
Many studies have focused on seed decontamination but no one has been capable of eliminating all pathogenic bacteria. Two objectives were followed. First, to assess the in vitro antimicrobial activity of chitosan against: (a) Escherichia coli O157:H7, (b) native microflora of lettuce and (c) native microflora of lettuce seeds. Second, ...
Kitaoka Takuya - - 2013
Bioactive O-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-d-glucopyranose (4'-galactosyl lactose) was site-selectively modified at a reducing end with thiosemicarbazide (TSC). As-synthesized 4'-galactosyl lactose-TSC was immobilized on a gold substrate with cellobiose-TSC as a spacer through spontaneous self-assembly chemisorption via SAu bonding. Quartz crystal microbalance analysis suggested the successful formation of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 4'-galactosyl lactose-TSC ...
Liu Xiaoping - - 2012
This study was carried out to explore anti-breast cancer potential of isoflavone daidzein or its related compounds using appropriate animal models and their anti-tumor mechanism. Daidzein or its major metabolite equol at a dose molar equivalent to tamoxifen [1.0 mg(2.7 μmol)/kg or 10 mg (27 μmol)/kg/day] was treated orally to ...
Cai Canhui - - 2013
Twelve starches were isolated from the tuberous root of sweet potato, the rhizomes of lotus and yam, the tuber of potato, the corm of water chestnut, and the seeds of pea, bean, barley, wheat, lotus, water caltrop, and ginkgo. Their gelatinization processes were in situ viewed using a polarizing microscope ...
Bae Min Soo - - 2013
The objective of this study was to modify zirconium dioxide (ZrO(2)) with photo-cured hyaluronic acid hydrogel (pcHAgel), and to subsequently evaluate the bone regeneration potential of the modified ZrO(2). In the present study, HA grafted onto a ZrO(2) substrate was investigated for its biocompatibility and other properties. We describe the ...
Bobadilla Francisca - - 2013
Five types of macroalgae from the southern hemisphere were analysed for the presence of β-1,3/1,6-glucan and its immunostimulant properties. We were able to extract soluble β-1,3/1,6-d-glucan from Durvillaea antarctica (Chamisso) Hariot (DA). The morphology of the brown algae influenced extraction, and the highest percentage of β-glucan was found in the ...
Auriemma Giulia - - 2013
This paper proposes a multi-particulate drug delivery system produced by prilling technique in combination with an enteric coating. Optimization of process parameters, such as feed viscosity at nozzle, selection of cross-linker, pH of the gelling solution and cross-linking time, allows to obtain beads with strong gelled matrix. Results showed that ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Although the synthetic hydrogel materials capable of accelerating wound healing are being developed at a rapid pace, achieving inorganic-organic hybrid at nanoscale dimension in nanofibrous hydrogels is still a great challenge because of its notorious brittleness and microstructural stability in wet state. Here, we developed a new nanofibrous gelatin/bioactive glass ...
Cao Xiaodong - - 2013
A series of carboxylated styrene-butadiene rubber (XSBR)/cellulose nanocrystals (CNs) latex composites were successfully prepared. The vulcanization process, morphology, dynamic viscoelastic behavior, dynamic mechanical property, thermal and mechanical performance of the XSBR/CNs composites were investigated in detail. The results revealed that CNs were dispersed uniformly in the XSBR matrix and formed ...
Chen Jinling - - 2013
The fructose polymer fructan was extracted from white garlic and fractionated using DEAE cellulose 52 and Sephadex G-100 columns to characterize its chemical composition and protective effect against ultraviolet radiation b (UVB) induced human keratinocyte (HaTaC) damage. Gel permeation chromatography, high performance anion exchange chromatography, infrared spectroscopy and 1D and ...
Wang Hongwu - - 2013
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) originating from the metabolism or lysis of microorganisms play important roles in biological wastewater treatment. It is necessary to understand the correlation between EPSs and the reactor operation and sludge-retention time (SRT) of the activated-sludge process to gain efficient operational strategies. Laboratory-scale completely mixed activated-sludge processes ...
Zhang Nuozi - - 2013
Blends of gelatin with up to 50% hydroxypropylated high amylose (80%) corn starch were developed as capsule materials. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was used as both a plasticizer and a compatibilizer in the blends. In order to prepare hard capsules for pharmaceutical applications using the well-established method of dipping stainless steel ...
Ahmad Syed Ishraque - - 2013
To overcome the drawbacks associated with iodine e.g. insolubility in water, etc., it has been complexed with polymers that have the ability to bind it. In this study, gum arabic (GA), a natural gum was functionalized to introduce new reactive groups that can easily interact with small molecules followed by ...
Zhang Juan - - 2013
Using Canna edulis Ker by-product as raw materials, soluble dietary fiber (SDF) was prepared using six different methods, including chemical, physical-chemical, enzymatic, physical-enzymatic, chemical-enzymatic and physical-chemical-enzymatic methods. As main component in the C. edulis by-product composed of cellulose, glucose converts to other single sugars, which form a series of compounds ...
Cai Jie - - 2013
In this study, purified bamboo cellulose was used to synthesize cellulose diacetate (B-CDA). The synthesis was controlled by determination of the degree of substitution and insoluble residue content. The product then was characterized by FTIR. The rheological properties of B-CDA solutions in acetone/N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solvent system were systematically investigated on ...
Yu Xiaolin - - 2013
A multi-amino adsorbent for arsenic adsorption was reported in this paper. Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was first grafted onto the surface of cotton cellulose using ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) as the initiator, and then the introduced epoxy groups reacted with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) to obtain a multi-amino adsorbent. The adsorbent was characterized ...
Guo Yanzhu - - 2013
Self-associating cellulose-graft-poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (cellulose-g-PCL) copolymers were successfully synthesized via homogeneous ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ɛ-CL onto softwood dissolved pulp substrate in ionic liquid 1-N-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim]Cl). An organic catalyst N,N-dimethylamino-4-pyridine (DMAP) was compared with the traditional metal-based catalyst (Sn(Oct)(2)) as the catalyst of the reaction, and exhibited higher catalytic activity. By ...
Daemi Hamed - - 2013
A series of aqueous polyurethane dispersions were synthesized by the reaction of polytetramethylene glycol and isophorone diisocyanate, extended with dimethylol propionic acid. Their chemical structures were characterized using FTIR, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR, and thermal properties were determined by DMTA. Then, a number of aqueous polyurethane dispersions-sodium alginate (PUD/SA) ...
Cheng Haoran - - 2013
The polysaccharides were extracted from Epimedium acuminatum by hot water extraction, ultrasonic-assisted extraction, enzyme extraction, and microwave-assisted extraction. The physicochemical properties of Epimedium polysaccharides were then determined by chemical composition analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Further, the antioxidant activities were studied via different ...
Ul-Islam Mazhar - - 2013
The addition of certain supplementary carbon sources to the culture media can influence the production, structural features and mechanical properties of bacterial cellulose (BC). In this study, different concentrations (0, 1, 2 and 4%) of a by-product, single sugar α-linked glucuronic acid-based oligosaccharide (SSGO), were added to the culture media ...
Sugumaran K R - - 2013
Production of a commercially important biodegradable polymer, pullulan, by Aureobasidium pullulans from four agricultural wastes namely wheat bran, rice bran, coconut kernel and palm kernel was evaluated in solid state fermentation. Under the experimental conditions, palm kernel resulted in highest concentration of pullulan (16g/L) among the four solid substrates. Optimum ...
Lee Seung-Hong - - 2013
Fucoidan extracted from Ecklonia cava had strong anti-inflammatory activities. However, the direct effects of fucoidan of E. cava on anti-inflammatory activities in vivo model remained to be determined. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of fucoidan extracted from E. cava (ECF) using tail-cutting-induced and ...
Liu Lei - - 2013
In this study, we purified and characterized a polysaccharide (SMP-W1) from Salvia miltiorrhiza and investigated its anticancer and immunoregulatory potential in vitro and in vivo. The monosaccharide composition, protein content, uronic acid content, total carbohydrate content, viscosity and molecular weight of SMP-W1 were analyzed. In vitro, SMP-W1 had an antiproliferative ...
Liu Wenhui - - 2013
Diesters and diols were successfully converted into aliphatic polyesters by enzymatic lipase Candida sp.99-125 catalysis, with β-cyclodextrin acting as supporting architecture (in a similar way as chaperone proteins). No organic solvents were used. The polytransesterification was a much greener process, being solvent-free and without metal residues. Lipase Candida sp.99-125 showed ...
Zhang Taiying - - 2013
Dilute oxalic acid pretreatment was applied to maple wood to improve compatibility with downstream operations, and its performance in pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis was compared to results for hydrothermal and dilute hydrochloric and sulfuric acid pretreatments. The highest total xylose yield of ∼84% of the theoretical maximum was for ...
Ha Wei - - 2013
A kind of novel magnetic hollow spheres was prepared by encapsulating magnetofluid into polymeric hollow spheres. Polymeric hollow nanospheres were constructed by self-assembly of rod-coil complexes, in which the rod-like segments were formed by inclusion of α-cyclodextrins (α-CD) and grafting poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains of chitosan-graft-PEG (CS-g-PEG). Structural characteristics of ...
- - 2012
The goal of the given research was actualization of an issue of promptness of making decision for evacuation of aircraft by the pilot as a method of improvement of the effectiveness of the air staff saving. The aims were review of trends in safety benefits of the air staff in ...
Ikeue Tatsuyoshi - - 2012
Cervical lymphadenitis due to Mycobacterium avium complex is relatively common in children but is extremely rare in adults, except in immunocompromised patients. In this report, we describe a case of isolated cervical lymphadenitis in an immunocompetent adult woman. Histological examination of the excised lymph node showed multiple epithelioid cell granulomata ...
Ben-Zvi Galia T - - 2012
Scurvy is caused by prolonged dietary deficiency of vitamin C, the plasma concentration of which appears inversely related to mortality from all causes. Its clinical importance relates principally to its role as a cofactor in a number of enzyme reactions involved in collagen synthesis, dysfunction of which disrupts connective tissue ...
Zhao Qian-hao - - 2012
To investigate KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1 and KCNE2 gene variants in the cases of sudden manhood death syndrome (SMDS). One hundred and sixteen sporadic cases of SMDS and one hundred and twenty-five healthy controlled samples were enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples. Gene variants of KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1 and ...
Kawashima Daisuke - - 2012
A Japanese version of the Suicide Intervention Response Inventory (SIRI-J) had been developed, but needed improvement especially with respect to the number of items. This study was designed to develop and evaluate a short version of the SIRI-J (SIRI-JS). Study 1 used factor analysis, which revealed that the SIRI-J included ...
Lü Ye-hui - - 2012
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) refers to sudden stop of breath and heartbeat and death within one hour caused by underlying cardiac diseases. Clinical manifestation of inherited arrhythmia is lethal arrhythmia without gross cardiac lesions, which can lead to SCD. The autopsy and pathological examination are difficult to identify the cause ...
Bisol Giovanni Destro - - 2012
Due to its important effects on the ecological dynamics and the genetic structure of species, biologists have long been interested in gender-biased dispersal, a condition where one gender is more prone to move from the natal site. More recently, this topic has attracted a great attention from human evolutionary geneticists. ...
Zhang Su-hua - - 2012
To investigate the genetic data of 12 autosomal STR loci included in Investigator HDplex kit and to evaluate its forensic application in Han nationality of Eastern China. A total of 484 unrelated healthy individuals in Han nationality of Eastern China were investigated with Investigator HDplex kit. Allele frequencies, population genetics ...
Morey Rick - - 2012
Rule number one for running a successful, profitable home care company: It is essential to have an efficient, cost-effective administrative operation. A hard fact of the home care industry is that the location of an agency, to a large extent, dictates the billing rates as well as caregiver pay. Therefore, ...
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