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Results 351 - 400 of 1333
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Wang Ting-Ting - - 2012
To investigate the application value of toluidine red unheated serum test (TRUST), treponema pallidum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (TP-ELISA) and treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) in the serologic diagnosis of syphilis. We collected serum samples from 12 622 inpatients, 2 253 outpatients and 1 500 subjects in the medical examination ...
Hiromatsu Yuji - - 2012
Orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can visualize the inflamed lesions of Graves' ophthalmopathy(GO). Parasagittal, transverse and coronal sections of T1-weighted, T2-weighted and short inversion time inversion recovery(STIR) images correlate clinical manifestations with the location of the inflamed lesions. In addition, the measurement of T2 relaxation time or signal intensity ratio ...
Fry Margaret - - 2012
The Clinical Initiative Nurse (CIN) is a role that requires experienced emergency nurses to assess, initiate diagnostic tests and treat and manage a range of patient conditions. In 2010, the New South Wales Ministry of Health redefined the focus of the CIN role to be on waiting room patients. The ...
- - 2012
WHO is revising its guidance for countries on how to prepare for a future influenza pandemic but, as Michael Dumiak reports, the challenges are great.
Buettgens Matthew - - 2012
The Affordable Care Act changes the small-group insurance market substan­tially beginning in 2014, but most changes do not apply to self-insured plans. This exemp­tion provides an opening for small employers with healthier workers to avoid broader sharing of health care risk, isolating higher-cost groups in the fully insured market. Private ...
Akamizu Takashi - - 2012
Thyrotoxic storm is a life-threatening condition requiring emergency treatment. Neither its epidemiological data nor diagnostic criteria have been fully established. We clarified the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of thyroid storm using nationwide surveys and then formulate diagnostic criteria for thyroid storm. To perform the nationwide survey on thyroid storm, we ...
Wang Zhan-Kui - - 2012
To explore the intervention timing of acupuncture in treatment of cerebral infarction and the relationship of cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury with inflammatory cytokine receptor. One hundred and ten male healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group (n=10), a sham operation group (n=10), a model group (n=10), an ...
Hinneburg Iris - - 2012
Interest is raising in bariatric procedures for the therapy of type 2 diabetes. Bariatric surgery does not only induce weight loss, but also improves glucose metabolism and other symptoms of the metabolic syndrome. Nevertheless, some important issues have not been clarified by clinical trials so far: Which patients benefit the ...
Kimura Tetsuya - - 2012
Graves' disease is a unique autoimmune disease with cell proliferation and excess function, caused by anti-thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb), and apart from antibody-mediated organ destruction seen in other autoimmune diseases. In this article, we discuss the latest progress in the research field of TRAb. The biological natures of various TRAbs ...
Rothe Thomas - - 2012
A darkfield scattering microscope has been constructed that enables both angular and spectrally resolved measurements of elastic scattering patterns. The comparison of the angular and spectral resolution modes is shown in detail. Angular patterns of the backscattered light by homogeneous polystyrene spheres were measured at 57 wavelengths and the diameters ...
Nakamura Hirotoshi - - 2012
The Japan Thyroid Association published the guidelines for the treatment of Graves disease with antithyroid drugs(ATD) in 2006 and has updated it in 2011. The revised guidelines includes radioisotope therapy also. This article describes several topics about how to treat a patient with Graves' disease according to the guidelines 2011, ...
Nakamura Hirotoshi - - 2012
Thyroid nodules are very common. Several articles suggest that thyroid nodules are detected by ultrasonography (US) in one of six males and one of 3.5 females in Japan. Thyroid cancer exists among these nodules and distinction between benign and malignant nodules is not always easy. Japan Thyroid Association (JTA) is ...
Bian Jun - - 2012
To investigate the effect of Compound Xuanju Capsule (CXC) combined with bromocriptine on hyperprolactinemia-induced erectile dysfunction (ED). We randomly assigned 46 patients with hyperprolactinemia-induced ED to receive bromocriptine (trial group, n = 23) and bromocriptine plus CXC (control group, n = 23), respectively, both for 12 weeks. Then we compared ...
Hu You-Ping - - 2012
To observe the effect on intervention of sub-health with pestle needle (Chuzhen). Randomized controlled trail was adopted for this research. One hundred and fifty-three cases were randomly divided into two groups of a Chuzhen group (79 cases) and a massage group (74 cases). Acupoint of Bazhen (Baihui Bazhen, Shendao Bazhen, ...
Larkin Howard - - 2012
The chief experience officer is an emerging leadership position in hospitals that is intended to ensure patient needs are consistently met. This concludes our year-long "Focus on the C-Suite" series.
Liu Rui-Zhi - - 2012
The Y chromosome contains genes closely related to male gonadal development and spermatogenesis. The azoospermia factor (AZF) is a gene on the long arm of the Y chromosome that regulates spermatogenesis, and its deletion can induce spermatogenic arrest and consequently male infertility. Most researchers subdivide AZF into AZFa, AZFb and ...
Ieiri Tamio - - 2012
Recent progress and present situation of the thyroid function tests and the thyroid autoantibody tests were reviewed with some author's opinion. Recent clinical laboratory examinations using immunoassay are mainly non-isotopic full-automatic assay with various kinds of methodological principal. These bring us difficulties of the standardization of the tests. On the ...
Jiao Yong-Zheng - - 2012
To investigate the effects of Yijing Recipe on sperm apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in patients with idiopathic oligoathenoteratospermia. Using the self-control method, we examined sperm apoptosis and MMP in 30 patients with oligoathenoteratospermia before and after treated with Yijing Recipe. The rates of early sperm apoptosis (AV +/PI ...
Murata Yoshiharu - - 2012
Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a syndrome in which the responsiveness of end organs to thyroid hormone (TH) is reduced. Given that the TH-responsive end-organs include pituitary thyrotrophs, almost all patients with RTH manifest unsuppressed thyrotropin (TSH) despite elevated free-T4 and free-T3 levels. This abnormal finding in the thyroid ...
Feng Juan-Yi - - 2012
To investigate the efficacy of 153Sm-EDTMP in the treatment of bone metastasis of prostate cancer (PCa) by comparison with zoledronic acid. We assigned 55 PCa patients with bone metastasis to receive 153Sm-EDTMP (n = 31) and zoledronic acid (n = 24), the former injected intravenously at the dose of 37.0 ...
Momotani Naoko - - 2012
In the treatment of pregnant patients with Graves' disease, propylthiouracil is preferred over methimazole in early pregnancy because of a possible teratogenicity of methimazole. Methimazole is preferable to propylthiouracil in other time of pregnancy on the basis of severe liver dysfunction occasionally caused by propylthiouracil. Fetal hypothyroidism can be avoided ...
Li Chang-Fa - - 2012
To observe the clinical efficacy on superior cluneal nerve entrapment syndrome treated by relaxation therapy of in-row multi-needling technique. One hundred and twenty cases were randomized into a multi-needling group, an acupotomy group and a conventional acupuncture group, 40 cases in each one. In the multi-needling group, the perpendicular or ...
Wessels Ronni - - 2012
Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) is a gynecological cancer with an incidence of two to three per 100,000 women. VSCC arises from vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), which is diagnosed through painful punch biopsy. In this study, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used to differentiate between normal and VIN tissue. We ...
Xu Ruo-Qing - - 2012
Through the collection of the literatures published in recent years on the opportunity of acupuncture therapy for post-stroke dysphagia, the therapy of acupuncture-moxibustion combined with the rehabilitation training is regardes as the optimal program in the paper. In this program, the timing of acupuncture intervention is a key factor to ...
Hashimoto Koshi - - 2012
Thyroid dysfunction is a common disorder in daily clinical practice, however due to unspecific and diverse symptoms of the disease, it is sometimes hard to make a definite diagnosis. Japan thyroid association (JTA) published 'Guideline for the diagnosis of thyroid disease, 2010' and it is open to the public on ...
Li Gang - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in the postoperative treatment of hypospadias in children. A total of 84 male children with hypospadias treated by surgery were randomly divided into a control and an rhGH group of equal number, the former treated with antibiotics plus hemostatics with ...
Gouya Ghazaleh - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism is a frequent complication in critically ill patients that has a negative impact on patient outcomes. Critically ill patients have significantly lower plasma anti-factor-Xa activity levels compared with control patients after administration of subcutaneous heparin. The clinical relevance of the different anti-factor-Xa levels after prophylactic doses of low ...
Jing Joseph - - 2012
Obstruction in the upper airway can often cause reductions in breathing or gas exchange efficiency and lead to rest disorders such as sleep apnea. Imaging diagnosis of the obstruction region has been accomplished using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However CT requires the use of ionizing radiation, ...
Mitra Kinshuk K Ohio State University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2012
We encapsulate indocyanine green (ICG) in poly[(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)-co-PEG] diblock (PLGA-PEG) microballoons for real-time fluorescence and hyperspectral imaging of biliary anatomy. ICG-loaded microballoons show superior fluorescence characteristics and slower degradation in comparison with pure ICG. The use of ICG-loaded microballoons in biliary imaging is demonstrated in both biliary-simulating phantoms and an ex ...
Crosignani Viera V University of California at Irvine, Laboratory for Fluorescence Dynamics, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2012
We describe a novel technical approach with enhanced fluorescence detection capabilities in twophoton microscopy that achieves deep tissue imaging, while maintaining micron resolution. Compared to conventional two-photon microscopy, greater imaging depth is achieved by more efficient harvesting of fluorescence photons propagating in multiple-scattering media. The system maintains the conventional two-photon ...
Xu Long - - 2013
Rheological properties of welan gum and xanthan gum solutions have been characterized systematically at various concentrations, temperatures and salinities. It is found that the viscoelasticity of welan gum is higher than that of xanthan gum at the same condition though the molecular weight of welan gum is lower. In view ...
Lam Pik-Ling - - 2013
In this study, a novel green microencapsulation system was used to develop Phyllanthus urinaria (PU) extract containing microcapsules. Agar was used with gelatin as the wall matrix materials of microcapsules to prevent the use of toxic crosslinker formaldehyde. Microencapsulated PU extract was developed to improve the potential antifungal activities of ...
Quiñones Javier Pérez - - 2013
Synthetic O6-succinylated chitosan and commercial glycol chitosan were covalently linked to dl-α-tocopheryl monoesters for controlled release of vitamin E. These conjugates formed self-assembled nanoparticles in aqueous solution with 254-496nm mean diameters and dl-α-tocopherol contents between 27 and 39% (w/w). The particles appeared as 40-75nm almost spherical nanoparticles when studied by ...
Idström Alexander - - 2013
The hornification process of paper pulp was investigated using solid-state (13)C NMR spectroscopy. Nanocrystalline cellulose was used to serve as a model system of the crystalline parts of the fibrils in pulp fibers. Characterization of the nanocrystalline cellulose dimensions was carried out using scanning electron microscopy. The samples were treated ...
Wang Fengqin - - 2013
A novel high molecular weight (1.1×10(6)Da) exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by Enterobacter cloacae Z0206 strain was isolated by column chromatography. Complete hydrolysis of the EPS followed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses showed that the EPS is composed of l-fucose, d-glucose, d-galactose, d-glucuronic acid ...
Ashori Alireza - - 2013
This article presents the preparation and characterization of bagasse/high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites. The effects of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), as reinforcing agent, on the mechanical and physical properties were also investigated. In order to increase the interphase adhesion, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene (MAPE) was added as a coupling agent ...
Pawlaczyk Izabela - - 2013
From the air-dried Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca L., family Rosaceae) leaves five water-soluble glycoconjugates Fv I-V by different extraction conditions have been isolated. Effects of extraction steps/agents on chemical composition and anticoagulant activity of Fv I-V were examined. Dark brown F. vesca conjugates Fv I-V were recovered in 4.5-8.4% yields, ...
Zhu Zhen-Yuan - - 2013
A chemically new sulfated polysaccharide (SPS50) was prepared from the water soluble polysaccharide (PS50), isolated from Cordyceps_gunnii mycelia, by concentrated sulfuric acid method. The yield of crude SPS50 was 62.34% and its specific rotation was [α](D)(20)=-36.75°. The structural characteristics of this chemically sulfated polysaccharide were determined based on the infrared ...
Hoffman Steven J SJ McMaster Health Forum and Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. - - 2012
The Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) are currently debating the substance and form of an international agreement to improve the financing and coordination of research and development (R&D) for health products that meet the needs of developing countries. In addition to considering the content of any possible ...
Xiong Zhu - - 2013
Blends of entirely bio-sourced polymers, namely polylactide (PLA) and starch, have been melt-compounded by lab-scale co-extruder with epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) as a reactive compatibilizer. The starch granules were grafted with the maleic anhydride (MA) to enhance its reactivity with ESO. The ready reactions between the epoxy groups on ESO, ...
Hirve Siddhivinayak S KEM Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India. - - 2012
To assess case definitions for influenza in a rural community in India. Residents of the study area who were hospitalized for any acute medical condition for at least one night between May 2009 and April 2011 were enrolled. Respiratory specimens were collected and tested for influenza viruses in a reverse-transcription ...
Synytsya Andriy - - 2013
Fungal glucans represent various structurally different d-glucose polymers with a large diversity of molecular mass and configuration. According to glucose anomeric structure, it is possible to distinguish α-d-glucans, β-d-glucans and mixed α,β-d-glucans. Further discrimination could be made on the basis of glycosidic bond position in a pyranoid ring, distribution of ...
Rueda L - - 2013
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) successfully obtained from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) were dispersed in a thermoplastic polyurethane as matrix. Nanocomposites containing 1.5, 5, 10 and 30wt% CNC were prepared by solvent casting procedure and properties of the resulting films were evaluated from the viewpoint of polyurethane microphase separated structure, soft and hard ...
Gross Michael - - 2012
Thousands of species have invaded new territories in recent decades, often aided by global trade and man-made habitat change. While many remain harmless, some may cause serious damage. Therefore, we need improvements in surveillance and in our understanding of which factors make a successful invasion possible.
Jiang Guoxiang - - 2013
Ultrasound-assisted extraction was employed to extract polysaccharides from longan seed (LSP), with aids of a Box-Behnken statistical design to investigate the effects of ultrasonic power, time and liquid/solid ratio on the extraction recovery of the LSP. The structural analysis indicated that arabinose, galactose, glucose and mannose were major components of ...
Song Zhaoping - - 2013
Hydrophobic modification of cellulose fibers was conducted via plasma-induced polymerization in an attempt to graft the hydrophobic polymer chains on paper surface, this increasing the hydrophobicity of paper. Two hydrophobic monomers, butyl acrylate (BA) and 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (2-EHA), were grafted on cellulose fibers, induced by atmospheric cold plasma. Various influencing ...
Yang Shaoqing - - 2013
A novel β-glucosidase gene (PtBglu1) from the thermophilic fungus, Paecilomyces thermophila, was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. PtBglu1 contained an open reading frame of 1440-bp nucleotides and encoded a protein of 479 amino acids which showed significant similarity to other fungal β-glucosidases from glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 1. The ...
Svensson Anna - - 2013
Dry ultra-porous cellulose fibres were obtained using a liquid exchange procedure in which water was replaced in the following order: water, methanol, acetone, and finally pentane; thereafter, the fibres were dried with Ar(g). The dry samples (of TEMPO-oxidized dissolving pulp) had a specific surface area of 130m(2)g(-1) as measured using ...
Heikkinen Susanna L - - 2013
To increase understanding of the applicability of agro biomass by-products as biodegradable film formers, the effect of wheat arabinoxylan (WAX) fine structure on film properties was studied by applying specific enzyme modifications. WAX was selectively modified to mimic the natural variations of different arabinoxylans, particularly the degree of mono and ...
Lamberti Gaetano - - 2013
In this work, a fast and accurate method to evaluate the water content in a cellulose derivative-based matrix subjected to controlled hydration was proposed and tuned. The method is based on the evaluation of the work of penetration required in the needle compression test. The work of penetration was successfully ...
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