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Results 501 - 550 of 1335
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Brackett Cameron - - 2012
Set against the backdrop of global healthcare reform--which is being enabled and driven by technology--new telehealth solutions are earning their mettle by cutting costs throughout the care continuum, improving the quality of patient care, and giving patients greater access to the healthcare services and providers they need. But is telehealth ...
Higuchi Osamu - - 2012
This research investigated how to overcome temptations and protect high-order goals while pursuing a goal. We hypothesized that in order to promote self-regulation, individuals non-cousciously engage in asymmetric evaluative responses to goal-relevant and temptation-relevant stimuli. In an experiment, we manipulated either diet goal or academic goal. Then, we measured evaluations ...
Simpson G - - 2012
Tension pneumothorax is variously defined but is generally thought of as a pneumothorax in which the pressure of intrapleural gas exceeds atmospheric pressure, producing adverse effects, including mediastinal shift associated with cardiovascular collapse, often attributed to reduced venous return and kinking of the great vessels. The mechanism of tension pneumothorax ...
Li Shi-ying - - 2012
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was applied to observe the postmortem degradation process in mechanical asphyxiated rat's liver and spleen for providing a new method of estimating PMI. Rats were sacrificed by mechanical asphyxia and cadavers were kept at (20 +/- 2) degrees C in a control chamber. The liver ...
Naka Makiko - - 2012
We investigated how different ways of interviewing, i.e., free recall (FR), free recall with context reinstatement (CR), asking misleading questions (Q), or interviewing with open-ended questions (O) affect children's eyewitness reports and their subsequent memory of a viewed event. Participants were 249 eight and ten year-old children. Children were shown ...
Biles Brian - - 2012
The Affordable Care Act enacts a new payment system for private health plans available to Medicare beneficiaries through the Medicare Advantage (MA) program. The system, which is being phased in through 2017, aims to (1) reduce the excess pay­ments received by private plans relative to per capita spending in traditional ...
Dabhadkar Dinesh - - 2012
To evaluate the potential abortifacient activity of the aqueous, alcohol, ethyl acetate and chloroform extracts of P. rubra pod in female albino rats 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight doses of each extract were administered from day 11 to 15 of pregnancy and animals were allowed to go full-term. ...
Daigle Meghan E ME Orthopaedic and Arthritis Center for Outcomes Research, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
To summarise the state of the literature evaluating the cost-effectiveness of elective total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). We conducted a systematic review of published cost-effectiveness analyses of THA and TKA. To limit our search to high-quality published papers, we selected those papers included in the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis ...
Mizuta Keisuke - - 2012
Surgery is not usually indicated for the involvement of cervical lymph node metastasis to the subclavian vein. Although surgery is indicated for the involvement of cervical lymph node metastasis to the venous angle, the usual visual field associated with cervical lymph node dissection cannot sufficiently visualize the subclavian vein, and ...
- - 2012
Nowadays the infection of a vascular implants in abdominal aorta is the heaviest and terrible complication in vascular surgery. Frequency of suppuration of vascular implants in aortic position is from 1 up to 3,5%, with lethality from 21 up to 80%. Average age is 61,4 +/- 4,3 years. In 6 ...
Takahashi Nobumasa - - 2012
Secondary pneumothorax caused by mycobacteriosis is rare. The frequency of incidence of pneumothorax in tuberculosis patients is reported to be only 1.5%, and that in nontuberculous mycobacteriosis patients may be very low. It is important to detect mycobacteriosis at an earlier stage in patients hospitalized for pneumothorax, in general wards ...
Merghani Ahmed - - 2012
Most GPs will encounter at least one case of sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS) during their career. They may have to evaluate a young person at risk of SADS or offer support and screening to family members. SADS is the term used to describe an unexpected death in individuals with ...
- - 2012
The article is dedicated to the history of the one of educational units of the Kirov Medical Academy. Department of training of physicians (for Missile Forces and Army) traces its origins to 1942 published in the resolution of the State Committee of Defense of the USSR, but in fact is ...
Chen Hang - - 2012
To investigate the feasibility of the new method of combining freeze grinding with ultrasonic technique for the pretreatment of the nail for toxicological and pharmaceutical analysis and to compare the advantages and disadvantages of this method with other traditional methods. Five pretreatment methods were examined. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was ...
Matsumoto Aki - - 2012
We have developed a group Stroop Color-Word Test that measures both Stroop and reverse-Stroop interference. In this test, the participants had to match a pertinent word with a color patch from among the choices printed on paper. The purpose of this study was to investigate the life-span development of Stroop ...
Wang Ying-xi - - 2012
To explore the tissue-specific gene expressions of the peripheral blood and the menstrual blood, and to search some specific factors to establish an effective method for identifying the peripheral blood and the menstrual blood. The specific products of the peripheral blood and the menstrual blood were detected by RT-PCR and ...
Mal Pinky - - 2012
Effects of ampicillin (Amp) in combination with riboflavin on septic arthritis in mice infected with Staphylococcus aureus have been reported. Ampicillin was given at 100 mg/kg after 24 h of infection, followed by riboflavin (Ribo) at 20 mg/kg body wt, after 2 h of Amp treatment. Mice were sacrificed at ...
Brady Teresa J - - 2012
The purpose of this review is to examine cost implications, including cost-effectiveness analyses, cost-savings calculated from health-care utilisation and intervention delivery costs of arthritis-related self-management education (SME) interventions. Literature searches, covering 1980-March 2012, using arthritis, self-management and cost-related terms, identified 487 articles; abstracts were reviewed to identify those with cost ...
- - 2012
Modern medical wallets, accepted by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation as a support supply, include innovative pharma products and medical goods providing effectiveness of first paramedical and first medical aid for wounded during combat training, warfighting with conventional weapon, mass destruction weapon and in case of natural and ...
Minomo Shojiro - - 2012
We described enlargement of intrathoracic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) during treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis in a 78-year-old man. The patient had previously undergone treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis about 50 years ago and showed disease recurrence in 2010. Although after tuberculosis treatment with the standard chemotherapy regimen of isoniazid, rifampicin, ...
Valera Beatriz - - 2012
Studies conducted in the Faeroe Islands and Japan suggest a negative impact of mercury on heart rate variability (HRV) among children while the results regarding blood pressure (BP) are less consistent. To assess the impact of mercury on HRV and BP among Nunavik Inuit children. A cohort of 226 children ...
Yu Xiaolin - - 2013
Cellulose@hydroxyapatite (HA) nanocomposites were prepared in NaOH/thiourea/urea/H(2)O solution via situ hybridization. The composite materials combine the advantage of cellulose and HA with the high specific surface area and the strong affinity toward fluoride. The composite materials were characterized by FTIR, SEM, XRD, TG and XPS, and the adsorption of fluoride ...
Ji Qiuxia - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chitosan and quaternized chitosan (HTCC) modulate IL-1β and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs). MTT assay revealed that chitosan stimulated the proliferation of HPDLCs. However, HTCC inhibited the proliferation of HPDLCs at concentrations of 1000 and 100μg/mL ...
Yang Ji - - 2013
Methoxy poly (ethylene glycol) grafted carboxymethyl chitosan (mPEG-g-CMC) and alginate were chosen as the constituents of hydrogel beads for the construction of an interpenetrating polymeric network matrix. A contrast study between the mPEG-g-CMC hydrogel and mPEG physically mixed with CMC hydrogel was carried out. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a ...
Grein Aline - - 2013
Polysaccharides (GNF) from Acacia mearnsii de Wild gum exudates, collected from trees growing in the south of Brazil, were characterized ((13)C and HSQC NMR, GC-MS, colorimetric assays). A commercial gum arabic (GAC) was analyzed similarly and compared with GNF. There were differences, consistent with distinct behavior in tensiometry tests and ...
Iguchi Masayuki - - 2013
The dissolution and recovery of microcrystalline cellulose from 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [bmIm][Cl], were studied. At 90°C and 5h dissolution time, the regenerated cellulose could be recovered above 80wt% with a less than 10% decrease in the value of the viscosity-average degree of polymerization, DP(v), regardless of water content. Recovery ratio and ...
Sweedman Michael C - - 2013
Starches modified with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) have been used in a range of industrial applications, particularly as a food additive, for more than half a century. Interest in these products has grown in recent years as a result of new methods and applications becoming available. Due to a combination ...
Tolentino Ainhoa - - 2013
Stoichiometric complexes of hyaluronic acid with alkyltrimethylammonium surfactants bearing octadecyl, eicosyl and docosyl groups were prepared by ionic coupling in aqueous solution. The complexes were non soluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. In the solid state they self-assembled in a biphasic layered structure with the alkyl side chains ...
Beloyartseva Maria - - 2012
Information on vitamin D status of Indian health care professionals is limited. Among 2,119 subjects studied, just 6 % were found to be sufficient in vitamin D status. There is urgent need of an integrated approach to detect and treat vitamin D deficiency among health care professionals to improve on-the-job productivity. ...
Dimzon Ian Ken D - - 2013
The combined effects of degree of deacetylation (DD) and degree of polymerization (DP) on the ability of chitosan to interact with olive oil was studied. The oil-binding test, a method that makes use of olive oil as a representative fat, was adopted as a measure of the interaction of chitosan ...
Shirai M A - - 2013
Biodegradable films were produced from blends contained a high amount of thermoplastic starch (TPS) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) plasticized with different adipate or citrate esters. It was not possible to obtain pellets for the production of films using only glycerol as a plasticizer. The plasticization of the PLA with the ...
Guo Li - - 2013
The compatibilities of amylose/tea polysaccharide (Am/TPS) and amylopectin/tea polysaccharide (Ap/TPS) in water were investigated with theoretical calculations and experimental measurements. To achieve this, dilute-solution viscometry (DSV) and high-speed differential scanning calorimetry (hyper-DSC) were used. The compatibility criteria on the basis of Δb(m), ΔB(m), μ, Δ[η](m) and thermodynamic parameters, T(g) and ...
Stefanovic Bojan - - 2013
The sonochemical degradation of cellulose by a 24-kHz ultrasound probe system and the oxidative modification of cellulose upon sonication were studied. Both aqueous cellulose suspension (heterogeneous system) as well as cellulose solutions in N,N-dimethylacetamide/LiCl (homogeneous system) were used. In both cases, a significant reduction in the degree of polymerization was ...
Liakos Ioannis - - 2013
Biodegradable polymeric materials based on blending aqueous dispersions of natural polymer sodium alginate (NaAlg) and povidone iodine (PVPI) complex, which allow controlled antiseptic release, are presented. The developed materials are either free standing NaAlg films or Ca(2+)-cross-linked alginate beads, which properly combined with PVPI demonstrate antibacterial and antifungal activity, suitable ...
Leal David D Department of Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Av. B. O'Higgins 3363, Santiago, - - 2013
Graft copolymers were prepared by formation of an amide bond between poly-α-L-guluronic acid (MW 24,000), isolated from sodium alginate and the free amino group of PNIPAAm-NH(2). SEM micrographs revealed the formation of a macroscopic network on the surface of the grafted hydrogels with a porosity diameter of 10-20 μm. Semi-IPN ...
Wu Xianna - - 2013
Polyaniline-deposited paper composites doped with three inorganic acids were prepared via in situ polymerization, and their flame-retardant properties were investigated. Both the conductivity and flame retardancy of the composite increased with the increase of the amount of the polyaniline deposited. The doping acid played a very key role in both ...
Ten Elena - - 2013
In this study a unidirectionally aligned cellulose nanowhisker (CNW) composite was developed. CNW in poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) matrix was aligned using an external electric field and the morphology and mechanical properties of the resultant anisotropic composites were studied. PHBV films with 1.5-7wt% of CNWs were manufactured using solution casting. A DC ...
Zambito Ylenia - - 2013
Mucoadhesive polymeric nanoparticles intended for drug transport across the gastrointestinal mucosa were prepared from quaternary ammonium-chitosan conjugates synthesised from reduced-MW chitosan (32kDa). Conjugates contained pendant moieties of 2-4 adjacent diethyl-dimethylene-ammonium groups substituted on repeating units (26-55%). Conjugates were thiolated via amide bonds with thioglycolic acid to yield products with thiol ...
Patel Hiten - - 2012
To compare outcomes of nurse initiated X-rays (NIX) with emergency physician (EP) initiated X-rays (EPIX) of isolated lower limb injuries in patient transit time (from triage to discharge) through the emergency department (ED). A prospective, interventional study using a historical control group. Data were collected at each contact point from ...
Masuda Mariko - - 2012
Estrogen plays an important role in the development of estrogen-dependent breast carcinoma. Recently, several studies demonstrated a possible involvement of several micro RNAs (miRNAs) in the development of resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients, but the correlation between estrogen actions and miRNA expression in breast carcinoma still remains ...
Lin Youwen - - 2013
A novel supramolecular gel has been prepared via host-guest interaction between cucurbit[8]uril (Q[8]) and N-(4-diethylaminobenzyl)chitosan (EBCS). The structure of supramolecular gel has been characterized. The spectrum of (1)H NMR demonstrated the benzene ring of EBCS is reside inside the hydrophobic cavity of Q[8] and the host-guest interaction between Q[8] and ...
Luan Yihao - - 2013
Using 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as the catalyst, highly efficient propionylation and butyralation of cellulose were successfully carried out in an ionic liquid 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (AmimCl) under mild conditions. Cellulose propionate (CP) and cellulose butyrate (CB) with a degree of substitution (DS) in the range from 0.89 to 2.89 were synthesized within ...
Xu Airong - - 2013
Highly effective cellulose solvents for the dissolution of cellulose at ambient temperature have been designed by adding any aprotic polar solvent to 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C(4)mim][CH(3)COO]). The effects of molar ratio of the aprotic polar solvents to [C(4)mim][CH(3)COO], anionic structure of the ionic liquids (ILs) and nature of the co-solvents on ...
Marwaha Raman K - - 2012
High prevalence of vertebral fractures (17.9 % over all; 18.8 % male and 17.1 % female) was observed in 808 free-living residents of Delhi, India, aged more than 50 years. The prevalence rates were comparable to that reported in Caucasian populations. While there was an increase in fracture prevalence with age in females, the ...
Patra Pradip - - 2013
The structure of a water-soluble pectic polysaccharide (PS) isolated from immature onion stick (Allium cepa) was investigated using acid hydrolysis, methylation analysis, periodate oxidation study, and NMR studies ((1)H, (13)C, DQF-COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, ROESY, HSQC, and HMBC). The results of the above experiments indicated that the PS contained d-galactose, 6-O-Me-D-galactose, ...
Chen Chen C State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, and Department of Chemistry, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of - - 2013
Comb-shaped copolymers comprised of hydrophobic and hydrophilic blocks are self-assembled in aqueous solution, which results that they are suitable for delivery of hydrophobic drug molecules. Chitosan (CS) is an important biomaterial used widely in medical applications. Herein, a comb-shaped cationic copolymer composed of long biocompatible CS main chains and short ...
Fanta George F - - 2013
Starch-stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNP) were prepared from amylose-sodium palmitate helical inclusion complexes by first converting sodium palmitate within the amylose helix to silver palmitate by an ion-exchange reaction with silver nitrate, and then reducing the complexed silver palmitate salt with NaBH(4). This process yielded stable aqueous solutions that could be ...
Teli M D - - 2013
Oil spill leaves detrimental effects on the environment, living organisms and economy. In the present work, an attempt is made to provide an efficient, easily deployable method of cleaning up oil spills and recovering of the oil. The work reports the use of banana fibres which were acetylated for oil ...
Sonia A - - 2013
Cellulose is the most abundant biomass material in nature and finds a range of application. Cellulose microfibers were extracted from Hibiscus sabdariffa fibers by steam explosion technique. Structural and surface analysis of the microfibers showed a reduction in diameter and changes in surface morphology from that of the raw fibers. ...
Spada Gianpiera - - 2013
Two water in oil emulsions composed by eudermic ingredients as glycerin, cocoa butter, almond oil and a variety of lipids, were enriched respectively with milk thistle dry extract (MT) or with a binary complex composed by MT and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP) (1:4w/w) correspondent to 1% (w/w) in sylimarine in order to ...
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