Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1334
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Xu Shuxia - - 2012
Pinus massoniana bark extract (PMBE) at a concentration of 60 microg/mL or more inhibits the expression of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lytic proteins, such as Rta, Zta, and EA-D. EBV lytic cycle was blocked by inhibiting the transcription of immediate-early genes. The results suggest that the PMBE has anti-EBV activity. Thus, ...
Chen Hang - - 2012
To investigate the feasibility of the new method of combining freeze grinding with ultrasonic technique for the pretreatment of the nail for toxicological and pharmaceutical analysis and to compare the advantages and disadvantages of this method with other traditional methods. Five pretreatment methods were examined. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was ...
Matsumoto Aki - - 2012
We have developed a group Stroop Color-Word Test that measures both Stroop and reverse-Stroop interference. In this test, the participants had to match a pertinent word with a color patch from among the choices printed on paper. The purpose of this study was to investigate the life-span development of Stroop ...
- - 2012
The present review is dedicated to organization and management of medical research in the US Armed Forces. At the beginning of the review a brief description of the US Armed Forces and their medical services is presented. Then.the main research organizations are successively presented: in the first part--from the Office ...
Zou Dong-hua - - 2012
Pulmonary fat embolism (PFE) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) are common post-operative complications of orthopedic surgical procedures, but are reported less often following maxillofacial plastic surgical procedures, especially with respect to PFE. Thrombi, or together with fat emboli in pulmonary vessels can induce hemorrhagic infarction and cause death. Herein this report ...
Mal Pinky - - 2012
Effects of ampicillin (Amp) in combination with riboflavin on septic arthritis in mice infected with Staphylococcus aureus have been reported. Ampicillin was given at 100 mg/kg after 24 h of infection, followed by riboflavin (Ribo) at 20 mg/kg body wt, after 2 h of Amp treatment. Mice were sacrificed at ...
Brady Teresa J - - 2012
The purpose of this review is to examine cost implications, including cost-effectiveness analyses, cost-savings calculated from health-care utilisation and intervention delivery costs of arthritis-related self-management education (SME) interventions. Literature searches, covering 1980-March 2012, using arthritis, self-management and cost-related terms, identified 487 articles; abstracts were reviewed to identify those with cost ...
Lü Ye-hui - - 2012
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) refers to sudden stop of breath and heartbeat and death within one hour caused by underlying cardiac diseases. Clinical manifestation of inherited arrhythmia is lethal arrhythmia without gross cardiac lesions, which can lead to SCD. The autopsy and pathological examination are difficult to identify the cause ...
Bisol Giovanni Destro - - 2012
Due to its important effects on the ecological dynamics and the genetic structure of species, biologists have long been interested in gender-biased dispersal, a condition where one gender is more prone to move from the natal site. More recently, this topic has attracted a great attention from human evolutionary geneticists. ...
Attrey Dharam Paul - - 2012
Present study involves evaluation of effects of 75% ethanolic extract of seabuckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (SBT)] leaves on scopolamine induced cognitive impairment in rats using three different oral doses i.e. 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight through assessment of various biochemical and behavioural parameters. Scopolamine administration resulted in an ...
Hosseini Kossar - - 2012
Co-morbidities can influence generic measurement of health indirect utility. We investigated their impact to assess indirect utility with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 6D (SF-6D) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). In patients with hip and knee OA from the Knee and Hip Osteo-Arthritis Long-term Assessment (KHOALA) study, co-morbidities were ...
Ackerman Ilana N - - 2012
There is now a considerable body of research investigating inequities in access to health care for arthritis according to socioeconomic status (SES). Conducted in a range of settings internationally, studies have examined specific socioeconomic factors (including education, income, deprivation and health insurance status) in relation to access to treatment. This ...
- - 2012
The authors presented the data about the development of operativeness of medical automated information data system of CMCH n. a. N.N.Burdenko with developing and formation of control center of hospitalization, data processing center, situation room and central archives of diagnostic data. It significantly improved diagnostic and treatment processes in hospital ...
Devi M K Akitha - - 2012
Development of a reproducible, versatile and efficient in vitro plant regeneration system is highly warranted for Indian soybean varieties for their mass multiplication in view of their commercial significance. Accordingly a protocol for direct shoot organogenesis in soybean variety JS 335 has been developed. Using cotyledonary node explants significant organogenic ...
Putrik Polina - - 2012
In this chapter, we discuss challenges in collecting data on outcomes of patients who receive usual rheumatology care. We present results of the multinational Quantitative Monitoring of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (QUEST RA) study which is a successful example of quantitative clinical measuring of RA as part of routine clinical ...
- - 2012
Some new facts about the influence of different groups of drugs on myocardial perfusion were educed during the research. Educed facts conduce representation extension by matching the optimal therapy of ischemic heart disease. With the help of SPECT-scanning were educed myocardial blood flow, areas of maximal hypoperfusion and its influence ...
Chikamatsu Kinuyo - - 2012
To evaluate the ability of GenoType MTBDRsl (Hain Lifescience, Germany) in detecting resistance to fluoroquinolone (FQ), aminoglycoside (AG), and ethambutol (EB). We evaluated the resistance of 76 Mycobacterium tuberculosis samples, namely, 13 extensively drug-resistant (XDR), 29 multi-drug resistant (MDR), and 4 susceptible clinical isolates from Japan, and 30 strains from ...
Zhao Qian-hao - - 2012
To investigate KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1 and KCNE2 gene variants in the cases of sudden manhood death syndrome (SMDS). One hundred and sixteen sporadic cases of SMDS and one hundred and twenty-five healthy controlled samples were enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples. Gene variants of KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1 and ...
Kawashima Daisuke - - 2012
A Japanese version of the Suicide Intervention Response Inventory (SIRI-J) had been developed, but needed improvement especially with respect to the number of items. This study was designed to develop and evaluate a short version of the SIRI-J (SIRI-JS). Study 1 used factor analysis, which revealed that the SIRI-J included ...
Tsao Nicole W - - 2012
Over the last decade, a number of biologic response modifiers (BRMs) have emerged and transformed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management. Due to their relatively high costs, economic evaluations have attempted to determine their place in the RA treatment armamentarium. This article reviews three key areas where changes to the treatment paradigm ...
Daigle Meghan E ME Orthopaedic and Arthritis Center for Outcomes Research, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
To summarise the state of the literature evaluating the cost-effectiveness of elective total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). We conducted a systematic review of published cost-effectiveness analyses of THA and TKA. To limit our search to high-quality published papers, we selected those papers included in the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis ...
Iguchi Masayuki - - 2013
The dissolution and recovery of microcrystalline cellulose from 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [bmIm][Cl], were studied. At 90°C and 5h dissolution time, the regenerated cellulose could be recovered above 80wt% with a less than 10% decrease in the value of the viscosity-average degree of polymerization, DP(v), regardless of water content. Recovery ratio and ...
Ji Qiuxia - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chitosan and quaternized chitosan (HTCC) modulate IL-1β and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs). MTT assay revealed that chitosan stimulated the proliferation of HPDLCs. However, HTCC inhibited the proliferation of HPDLCs at concentrations of 1000 and 100μg/mL ...
Yang Ji - - 2013
Methoxy poly (ethylene glycol) grafted carboxymethyl chitosan (mPEG-g-CMC) and alginate were chosen as the constituents of hydrogel beads for the construction of an interpenetrating polymeric network matrix. A contrast study between the mPEG-g-CMC hydrogel and mPEG physically mixed with CMC hydrogel was carried out. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a ...
Sweedman Michael C - - 2013
Starches modified with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) have been used in a range of industrial applications, particularly as a food additive, for more than half a century. Interest in these products has grown in recent years as a result of new methods and applications becoming available. Due to a combination ...
Grein Aline - - 2013
Polysaccharides (GNF) from Acacia mearnsii de Wild gum exudates, collected from trees growing in the south of Brazil, were characterized ((13)C and HSQC NMR, GC-MS, colorimetric assays). A commercial gum arabic (GAC) was analyzed similarly and compared with GNF. There were differences, consistent with distinct behavior in tensiometry tests and ...
Tolentino Ainhoa - - 2013
Stoichiometric complexes of hyaluronic acid with alkyltrimethylammonium surfactants bearing octadecyl, eicosyl and docosyl groups were prepared by ionic coupling in aqueous solution. The complexes were non soluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. In the solid state they self-assembled in a biphasic layered structure with the alkyl side chains ...
Dimzon Ian Ken D - - 2013
The combined effects of degree of deacetylation (DD) and degree of polymerization (DP) on the ability of chitosan to interact with olive oil was studied. The oil-binding test, a method that makes use of olive oil as a representative fat, was adopted as a measure of the interaction of chitosan ...
Guo Li - - 2013
The compatibilities of amylose/tea polysaccharide (Am/TPS) and amylopectin/tea polysaccharide (Ap/TPS) in water were investigated with theoretical calculations and experimental measurements. To achieve this, dilute-solution viscometry (DSV) and high-speed differential scanning calorimetry (hyper-DSC) were used. The compatibility criteria on the basis of Δb(m), ΔB(m), μ, Δ[η](m) and thermodynamic parameters, T(g) and ...
Beloyartseva Maria - - 2012
Information on vitamin D status of Indian health care professionals is limited. Among 2,119 subjects studied, just 6 % were found to be sufficient in vitamin D status. There is urgent need of an integrated approach to detect and treat vitamin D deficiency among health care professionals to improve on-the-job productivity. ...
Stefanovic Bojan - - 2013
The sonochemical degradation of cellulose by a 24-kHz ultrasound probe system and the oxidative modification of cellulose upon sonication were studied. Both aqueous cellulose suspension (heterogeneous system) as well as cellulose solutions in N,N-dimethylacetamide/LiCl (homogeneous system) were used. In both cases, a significant reduction in the degree of polymerization was ...
Shirai M A - - 2013
Biodegradable films were produced from blends contained a high amount of thermoplastic starch (TPS) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) plasticized with different adipate or citrate esters. It was not possible to obtain pellets for the production of films using only glycerol as a plasticizer. The plasticization of the PLA with the ...
Liakos Ioannis - - 2013
Biodegradable polymeric materials based on blending aqueous dispersions of natural polymer sodium alginate (NaAlg) and povidone iodine (PVPI) complex, which allow controlled antiseptic release, are presented. The developed materials are either free standing NaAlg films or Ca(2+)-cross-linked alginate beads, which properly combined with PVPI demonstrate antibacterial and antifungal activity, suitable ...
Wu Xianna - - 2013
Polyaniline-deposited paper composites doped with three inorganic acids were prepared via in situ polymerization, and their flame-retardant properties were investigated. Both the conductivity and flame retardancy of the composite increased with the increase of the amount of the polyaniline deposited. The doping acid played a very key role in both ...
Ten Elena - - 2013
In this study a unidirectionally aligned cellulose nanowhisker (CNW) composite was developed. CNW in poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) matrix was aligned using an external electric field and the morphology and mechanical properties of the resultant anisotropic composites were studied. PHBV films with 1.5-7wt% of CNWs were manufactured using solution casting. A DC ...
Leal David D Department of Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Av. B. O'Higgins 3363, Santiago, - - 2013
Graft copolymers were prepared by formation of an amide bond between poly-α-L-guluronic acid (MW 24,000), isolated from sodium alginate and the free amino group of PNIPAAm-NH(2). SEM micrographs revealed the formation of a macroscopic network on the surface of the grafted hydrogels with a porosity diameter of 10-20 μm. Semi-IPN ...
Zambito Ylenia - - 2013
Mucoadhesive polymeric nanoparticles intended for drug transport across the gastrointestinal mucosa were prepared from quaternary ammonium-chitosan conjugates synthesised from reduced-MW chitosan (32kDa). Conjugates contained pendant moieties of 2-4 adjacent diethyl-dimethylene-ammonium groups substituted on repeating units (26-55%). Conjugates were thiolated via amide bonds with thioglycolic acid to yield products with thiol ...
Luan Yihao - - 2013
Using 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as the catalyst, highly efficient propionylation and butyralation of cellulose were successfully carried out in an ionic liquid 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (AmimCl) under mild conditions. Cellulose propionate (CP) and cellulose butyrate (CB) with a degree of substitution (DS) in the range from 0.89 to 2.89 were synthesized within ...
Xu Airong - - 2013
Highly effective cellulose solvents for the dissolution of cellulose at ambient temperature have been designed by adding any aprotic polar solvent to 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C(4)mim][CH(3)COO]). The effects of molar ratio of the aprotic polar solvents to [C(4)mim][CH(3)COO], anionic structure of the ionic liquids (ILs) and nature of the co-solvents on ...
Patel Hiten - - 2012
To compare outcomes of nurse initiated X-rays (NIX) with emergency physician (EP) initiated X-rays (EPIX) of isolated lower limb injuries in patient transit time (from triage to discharge) through the emergency department (ED). A prospective, interventional study using a historical control group. Data were collected at each contact point from ...
Lin Youwen - - 2013
A novel supramolecular gel has been prepared via host-guest interaction between cucurbit[8]uril (Q[8]) and N-(4-diethylaminobenzyl)chitosan (EBCS). The structure of supramolecular gel has been characterized. The spectrum of (1)H NMR demonstrated the benzene ring of EBCS is reside inside the hydrophobic cavity of Q[8] and the host-guest interaction between Q[8] and ...
Masuda Mariko - - 2012
Estrogen plays an important role in the development of estrogen-dependent breast carcinoma. Recently, several studies demonstrated a possible involvement of several micro RNAs (miRNAs) in the development of resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients, but the correlation between estrogen actions and miRNA expression in breast carcinoma still remains ...
Marwaha Raman K - - 2012
High prevalence of vertebral fractures (17.9 % over all; 18.8 % male and 17.1 % female) was observed in 808 free-living residents of Delhi, India, aged more than 50 years. The prevalence rates were comparable to that reported in Caucasian populations. While there was an increase in fracture prevalence with age in females, the ...
Patra Pradip - - 2013
The structure of a water-soluble pectic polysaccharide (PS) isolated from immature onion stick (Allium cepa) was investigated using acid hydrolysis, methylation analysis, periodate oxidation study, and NMR studies ((1)H, (13)C, DQF-COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, ROESY, HSQC, and HMBC). The results of the above experiments indicated that the PS contained d-galactose, 6-O-Me-D-galactose, ...
Chen Chen C State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, and Department of Chemistry, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of - - 2013
Comb-shaped copolymers comprised of hydrophobic and hydrophilic blocks are self-assembled in aqueous solution, which results that they are suitable for delivery of hydrophobic drug molecules. Chitosan (CS) is an important biomaterial used widely in medical applications. Herein, a comb-shaped cationic copolymer composed of long biocompatible CS main chains and short ...
Prakash Maran J - - 2013
In this study, ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) conditions on the yield of polysaccharide from corn silk were studied using three factors, three level Box-Behnken response surface design. Process parameters, which affect the efficiency of UAE such as extraction temperature (40-60°C), time (10-30min) and solid-liquid ratio (1:10-1:30g/ml) were investigated. The results ...
Fanta George F - - 2013
Starch-stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNP) were prepared from amylose-sodium palmitate helical inclusion complexes by first converting sodium palmitate within the amylose helix to silver palmitate by an ion-exchange reaction with silver nitrate, and then reducing the complexed silver palmitate salt with NaBH(4). This process yielded stable aqueous solutions that could be ...
Sui Zhongquan - - 2013
Starches from 5 inbred lines of normal maize with different relative average degrees of channelization (RADC) that could be divided into two groups (2 with RADC values of 1.49-1.52 and 3 with RADC values of 0.10-0.17) were reacted with 4 highly reactive reagents. No consistent correlations between RADC and the ...
Jirimali Harishchandra Digambar - - 2013
A redox active polymer, hydroquinone modified chitosan (Q-chitosan) was synthesized and characterized by IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The nanocomposite of Q-chitosan with carbon was prepared and used to construct a stable conductive film on the electrode surface. The SEM studies confirms that the Q-chitosan/C composite covers the electrode surface ...
Spada Gianpiera - - 2013
Two water in oil emulsions composed by eudermic ingredients as glycerin, cocoa butter, almond oil and a variety of lipids, were enriched respectively with milk thistle dry extract (MT) or with a binary complex composed by MT and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP) (1:4w/w) correspondent to 1% (w/w) in sylimarine in order to ...
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