Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1335
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Yoshimoto Sanae - - 2012
It is known that a directionally ambiguous test stimulus is perceived to move in the same direction as a brief preceding priming stimulus when both stimuli are presented at the same retinal location (visual motion priming). To examine the spatial properties of visual motion priming under different retinal illuminance, we ...
Ackerman Ilana N - - 2012
There is now a considerable body of research investigating inequities in access to health care for arthritis according to socioeconomic status (SES). Conducted in a range of settings internationally, studies have examined specific socioeconomic factors (including education, income, deprivation and health insurance status) in relation to access to treatment. This ...
- - 2012
The present review is dedicated to organization and management of medical research in the US Armed Forces. At the beginning of the review a brief description of the US Armed Forces and their medical services is presented. Then.the main research organizations are successively presented: in the first part--from the Office ...
- - 2012
The authors of the article suggested the method of standardization of consumption of antibacterial medicines for liquidation of consequences of emergency situations taking into account the sanitary-epidemiologic features of region. There is presented results of calculations of consumption criteria of antibacterial drugs for liquidation of consequences of regional emergency situations ...
Akishinonomiya Kiko - - 2012
With an aim of advancing knowledge: that supports strategies for tuberculosis (TB) prevention, the current study was designed (1) to examine knowledge, perceptions, beliefs, and behaviors towards general health and diseases, including TB, and (2) to explore relationships among knowledge, perceptions, beliefs of TB, and TB prevention behaviors. Questionnaire surveys ...
Kaur Harinderjeet - - 2012
In the present study factors responsible for low seed biomass in wild Cicer species has been investigated. Cicer judaicum and chickpea cultivar PBG-1 were investigated to compare activities of some enzymes involved in carbon metabolism in podwall and seeds during crop development. Seed filling duration in wild species was about ...
Elske van den Akker-van Marle M - - 2012
Rheumatic disorders concern a broad spectrum of painful disorders affecting the musculoskeletal system, and are responsible for a considerable amount of disease burden and also a substantial economic burden. This economic burden consists of direct and indirect costs, but also the so-called intangible costs. In this study, we estimated the ...
Katsube Yasuaki - - 2012
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer known for multiple metastasis, but the frequency of metastasis to the head and neck region is low. We report two cases of metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the head and neck region. The case 1 is a 79 year-old man with renal ...
Wan Lei - - 2012
It is never an easy thing to diagnose heart vascular disease only depending on the unenhanced postmortem computed tomography (PMCT). This article reported a case of sudden natural death after the complaint of anterior chest pain in which coronary artery calcification (CAC) was clearly displayed using PMCT scan. The entire ...
- - 2012
The article is dedicated to one nor enough investigated question of medical supplement of irregular Cossak army in North Caucasus in XIX--beginning XX c. The role of the government and cossaks in formation and development of medical service in Terek Cossak Army is showed. Characteristic pecularities of health care of ...
Liu Hui-tong - - 2012
To investigate the changes of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and heat shock protein 60 (HSP 60) in rats without electric marks after electric injury, to identify the relationship of the CK-MB, HSP 60 and the time of electric injuries, and to evaluate the damage to cells after electric injury. The animal ...
Zaitsu Wataru - - 2012
The effects of false memories on polygraph examinations with the Concealed Information Test (CIT) were investigated by using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, which allows participants to evoke false memories. Physiological responses to questions consisting of learned, lure, and unlearned items were measured and recorded. The results indicated that responses to ...
Kumar Konda Shravan - - 2012
Linezolid resistant cultures are emerging in hospitals. In the present study 3 soil actinomycetes were isolated in a screening programme having potential to produce antibiotic against linezolid resistant cases. One culture was coded as RK-46 and further studied. The micromorphology, biochemical tests and 16S ribosomal DNA gene sequence analysis were ...
Panopalis Pantelis - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterised by variable and unpredictable manifestations that can severely affect a person's physical and mental well-being, social life and ability to acquire and maintain gainful employment. Damage to vital organs may ensue as a result of the disease itself or as ...
- - 2012
Modern organization providing medical aid to victims of explosion trauma in peace time, the success of which largely depends on the timely and professional interaction among the structures involeved into emergency relief operation is represented in the article. Content and sequence of events providing emergency medical and first medical aid ...
Nigorikawa Hiroko - - 2012
The index case was a patient who was admitted to a general hospital and treated with pulsed corticosteroid therapy; her breathing was assisted by a respirator. Soon she developed tuberculosis (TB) and died. Immediately after her death, QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT) test was conducted in healthcare workers who were in close ...
Ghosh Dishari - - 2012
With an aim to categorize the animals exposed to simulated hypobaric hypoxia and to evaluate the hormonal profile responsible for individual variation in response to hypoxic stress, degree of tolerance to hypobaric hypoxia was measured by exposing the animals to a simulated altitude of 10,668 m at 32 degrees C ...
Wilkie Ross - - 2012
The impact of musculoskeletal disorders on work is demanding more attention from clinicians. For many rheumatologists, inflammatory arthritis is the most frequently encountered condition that interferes with work. However, the cumulative burden of non-inflammatory arthropathies and disorders such as back pain, osteoarthritis and limb pain as a whole results in ...
Attrey Dharam Paul - - 2012
Present study involves evaluation of effects of 75% ethanolic extract of seabuckthorn [Hippophae rhamnoides L. (SBT)] leaves on scopolamine induced cognitive impairment in rats using three different oral doses i.e. 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight through assessment of various biochemical and behavioural parameters. Scopolamine administration resulted in an ...
Hosseini Kossar - - 2012
Co-morbidities can influence generic measurement of health indirect utility. We investigated their impact to assess indirect utility with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 6D (SF-6D) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). In patients with hip and knee OA from the Knee and Hip Osteo-Arthritis Long-term Assessment (KHOALA) study, co-morbidities were ...
Singh Dwijendra - - 2012
Plant oils and oil components were screened in vitro for antibacterial and antifungal activity by disc diffusion method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) of oils (% v/v) against bacteria and fungi were determined by agar dilution method. Results showed that potential antimicrobial activity was demonstrated by geranium oil, geraniol, and terpineol. ...
- - 2012
We reviewed the tuberculosis (TB) surveillance database to determine the mode of detection, delays in achieving a TB diagnosis, and patients' occupational status upon registration. Of the 23,261 TB patients who were newly notified in 2010, 81.7% were diagnosed at medical institutions. Of these, 12.0% were diagnosed during hospitalisation with ...
Murphy Louise B - - 2012
Study objectives were to: 1) determine the magnitude of three outcomes (prescription unaffordable, care delayed and needed care not obtained) related to cost-attributable compromised medical care access among US adults ≥18 years with and without arthritis and 2) identify US adults with arthritis with the highest levels of these outcomes. ...
Zhan Lan-fen - - 2012
To establish a method for determination of strychnine and brucine in formaldehyde fixed tissue by LC-MS/MS analysis. The samples were pretreated with solid phase extraction using SCX cartridges and separated on SB-C18 column with mobile phase 0.1% formic acid : 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile (75:25). Electrospray ionization (ESI) source was utilized ...
Silverman Jeffrey - - 2012
Mobile and wireless technologies are rapidly changing how home care is delivered and operationalized. "mHealth," or mobile health, in general, refers to healthcare practice that is supported by mobile devices, such as mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and other wireless devices.
Shimoda Yoshiyuki - - 2012
This study developed the Japanese version of the Multidimensional School Anger Inventory (MSAI; Smith & Furlong, 1998). The MSAI was devised to assess anger in the school context from a multidimensional perspective, which includes Anger Experience (affective component), Cynical Attitude (cognitive component), Destructive Expression and Positive Coping (behavioral component). The ...
Burke Molly K - - 2012
Combining experimental evolution with whole-genome resequencing is a promising new strategy for investigating the dynamics of evolutionary change. Published studies that have resequenced laboratory-selected populations of sexual organisms have typically focused on populations sampled at the end of an evolution experiment. These studies have attempted to associate particular alleles with ...
- - 2012
The history of formation and development of branch No. 1 FSI "Main Military Clinical Hospital n. a. N.N.Burdenko of the Ministry of Defense of the RF" is described in the article. The hospital celebrates in this year the 65-years anniversary of scientific and medical activity in the field of military ...
Huang Mei-Han - - 2012
Ketamine (KT), a dissociative anesthetic, is known to induce schizophrenia-like psychosis. The percentage of KT abuse has recently grown fast despite KT being a controlled drug. The mechanism of KT actions is related to the inhibition of NMDA receptors. Whether KT produces other effects on ion currents in hippocampal neurons ...
- - 2012
Flue and other respiratory diseases morbidity of servicemen of training students are researched. Epidemiological and economic effectiveness of flue vaccine "Bakcuspun" (Vaksigrip) is estimated. Its non-specific protective effect in case of acute respiratory diseases and pyodermia is shown.
Satoh Hiroaki - - 2012
We report the case of an 85-year-old woman who had pulmonary tuberculosis when she was in her forties. She was referred to our hospital because of hemoptysis, which lasted for a few days. Her laboratory data was unremarkable. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed a thin-walled cavity with extensive calcification ...
Savill Peter - - 2012
Prompt identification and management of patients with peripheral arterial disease can improve quality of life, save limbs and reduce cardiovascular events. The most common initial symptom is leg pain on exertion or intermittent claudication. More severe or critical limb ischaemia can present with pain at rest, ulceration, tissue loss and/or ...
Yang Ya-ran - - 2012
Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence. Such changes include DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodeling, genomic imprinting, X chromosome inactivation and non-coding RNA regulation. Recent progresses on epigenetics open new possibilities in tackling these challenging problems in forensic ...
Zou Dong-hua - - 2012
Pulmonary fat embolism (PFE) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) are common post-operative complications of orthopedic surgical procedures, but are reported less often following maxillofacial plastic surgical procedures, especially with respect to PFE. Thrombi, or together with fat emboli in pulmonary vessels can induce hemorrhagic infarction and cause death. Herein this report ...
- - 2012
The authors presented the data about the development of operativeness of medical automated information data system of CMCH n. a. N.N.Burdenko with developing and formation of control center of hospitalization, data processing center, situation room and central archives of diagnostic data. It significantly improved diagnostic and treatment processes in hospital ...
Devi M K Akitha - - 2012
Development of a reproducible, versatile and efficient in vitro plant regeneration system is highly warranted for Indian soybean varieties for their mass multiplication in view of their commercial significance. Accordingly a protocol for direct shoot organogenesis in soybean variety JS 335 has been developed. Using cotyledonary node explants significant organogenic ...
Putrik Polina - - 2012
In this chapter, we discuss challenges in collecting data on outcomes of patients who receive usual rheumatology care. We present results of the multinational Quantitative Monitoring of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (QUEST RA) study which is a successful example of quantitative clinical measuring of RA as part of routine clinical ...
Iwasaki Satoshi - - 2012
Usher syndrome is an autosomal-recessive disorder that causes bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa (RP), and occasionally vestibular dysfunction. Usher syndrome types 1, 2, and 3 can be distinguished by differences in audiovestibular features. The objectives of this retrospective study were to evaluate 26 patients with Usher syndrome clinically. The ...
Nakahara Susumu - - 2012
Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) has been widely used in organ preservation for advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Malnutrition, one of the most detrimental side effects concerned with CCRT, occurs frequently in patients with CCRT, but few studies have reported on the nutritional status in detail during CCRT. The aim ...
Sehgal Lalit - - 2012
The study of protein-protein interactions, protein localization, protein organization into higher order structures and organelle dynamics in live cells, has greatly enhanced the understanding of various cellular processes. Live cell imaging experiments employ plasmid or viral vectors to express the protein/proteins of interest fused to a fluorescent protein. Unlike plasmid ...
Zhang Wei - - 2012
Many health systems are interested in the impact of disease and interventions on non-health outcomes. Over the last 10 years, work productivity has become one of the most important topics. This study was conducted to review guidelines for economic evaluations worldwide to identify how views on the types of productivity ...
Abu-Taweel Gasem M - - 2012
Lithium (Li) was given to female Swiss-Webster strain mice at the doses of 15 and 30 mg/kg body weight in their drinking water. Treatment started from the first day of pregnancy until the postnatal day fifteen of delivery. Thereafter, the dams were switched to plain tap water. All offspring were ...
Ravi Bheeshma - - 2012
The rates of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) of the hip and knee have increased in North America over the last decade. While initially designed for elderly patients (>70 years of age), several reports suggest that an increasing number of younger patients are undergoing joint replacements. This suggests that more people ...
- - 2012
Some new facts about the influence of different groups of drugs on myocardial perfusion were educed during the research. Educed facts conduce representation extension by matching the optimal therapy of ischemic heart disease. With the help of SPECT-scanning were educed myocardial blood flow, areas of maximal hypoperfusion and its influence ...
Chikamatsu Kinuyo - - 2012
To evaluate the ability of GenoType MTBDRsl (Hain Lifescience, Germany) in detecting resistance to fluoroquinolone (FQ), aminoglycoside (AG), and ethambutol (EB). We evaluated the resistance of 76 Mycobacterium tuberculosis samples, namely, 13 extensively drug-resistant (XDR), 29 multi-drug resistant (MDR), and 4 susceptible clinical isolates from Japan, and 30 strains from ...
Du Zhong-bo - - 2012
To observe the changes of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha), the expression in the early stage (within 6 h) of acute myocardial ischemia and to explore the potential forensic application. SD rats were randomly divided into one control group, one sham operation group and five myocardial ischemia groups which received ligation ...
Meifu Yasuko - - 2012
Although it is generally believed that frequent lateness might lead to absenteeism, the evidence for this has not been ascertained. We investigated the relationship between earlier lateness and subsequent absenteeism in a three-year longitudinal study in a public junior high school in Japan. The participants were 263 students (124 males, ...
Xu Shuxia - - 2012
Pinus massoniana bark extract (PMBE) at a concentration of 60 microg/mL or more inhibits the expression of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lytic proteins, such as Rta, Zta, and EA-D. EBV lytic cycle was blocked by inhibiting the transcription of immediate-early genes. The results suggest that the PMBE has anti-EBV activity. Thus, ...
Tsao Nicole W - - 2012
Over the last decade, a number of biologic response modifiers (BRMs) have emerged and transformed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management. Due to their relatively high costs, economic evaluations have attempted to determine their place in the RA treatment armamentarium. This article reviews three key areas where changes to the treatment paradigm ...
Jiao Wei - - 2012
To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 16 Y-STR loci and to evaluate the forensic application in Miao, Yao and Dong nationalities of Guangxi population. Genotypes of Y-STR loci were tested in a total of 253 healthy unrelated individuals (67 Miao people, 99 Yao people, 87 Dong people) using AmpFlSTR Yfiler ...
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