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Carbone Giuseppe - - 2012
We investigate the effect of statistical properties of the surface roughness on its superhydrophobic properties. In particular we focus on the liquid-solid interfacial structure and its dependence on the coupled effect of surface statistical properties and drop pressure. We find that, for self-affine fractal surfaces with Hurst exponent $H>0.5$, the ...
Campos Wuilker Knoner WK Department of Oncologic and Degenerative Spine Surgery, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute - Bologna, Italy. - - 2013
A spinal osteoid osteoma is a rare benign tumor. The usual treatment involves complete curettage including the nidus. In the thoracic spine, conventional open surgical treatment usually carries relatively high surgical risks because of the close anatomic relationship to the spinal cord, nerve roots, and thoracic vessels, and pulmonary complications ...
O'Brien K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little is known about calcifications associated with pediatric intracranial arterial aneurysms (IAA). We sought to characterize calcifications associated with pediatric IAA according to aneurysm pathogenetic subtype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with IAA less than 20 years of age were retrospectively identified. Three fellowship-trained neuroradiologists independently reviewed each patient's ...
Haso Fadi - - 2012
A macroion, having anisotropic surface charge density distribution, shows unique self-assembly behaviour in polar solvents. Regular "blackberry"-like assemblies form in methanol-water mixtures due to counter-ion mediated attraction and the strong contribution of hydrogen bonding. However, rod-like assemblies form in acetone-water mixtures as the charge inhomogeneity effect overcomes the non-directional hydrogen ...
Kotzé Izak A - - 2012
(1)H NMR chemical shift concentration dependence as well as the diffusion coefficients from DOSY NMR of mixed ligand [Pt(II)(1,10-phenanthroline)(N-pyrrolidyl-N-(2,2-dimethylpropanoyl)thiourea)]Cl ([Pt(II)(phen)(L(1)-S,O)]Cl) dissolved in mixtures of acetonitrile-water in the range 0-30% (v/v) D(2)O-CD(3)CN shows that the complex cation (M(+) = [Pt(II)(phen)(L(1)-S,O)](+)) aggregates to form dimers, 2M(+) ⇌ {M(+)}(2), with association constants ranging ...
Elinav E - - 2012
The mammalian intestinal tract harbors a vast and diverse ecosystem of microbes that are separated from the sterile host milieu by a single layer of epithelial cells. While this bio-geographical configuration is critical for host biological processes, it imposes a risk for microbial penetration and life-threatening systemic invasion. Inflammasomes are ...
Mijnendonckx K - - 2012
Four Cupriavidus metallidurans and eight Ralstonia pickettii isolates from the space industry and the International Space Station (ISS) were characterized in detail. Nine of the 12 isolates were able to form a biofilm on plastics and all were resistant to several antibiotics. R. pickettii isolates from the surface of the ...
Yaseen Mehwish - - 2012
In vitro plant cells, tissues and organ cultures are not fully autotrophic establishing a need for carbohydrates in culture media to maintain the osmotic potential, as well as to serve as energy and carbon sources for developmental processes including shoot proliferation, root induction as well as emission, embryogenesis and organogenesis, ...
Gutleben Klaus-Jürgen - - 2012
During recent years the need for intraprocedural imaging has increased. Fluoroscopy and angiography are frequently supplemented by pre-procedural magnetic resonance or computed tomography imaging as well as electroanatomic mapping techniques. However, poor real-time imaging quality of soft tissue, radiation exposure, and contrast media consumption are disadvantageous. Ultrasound techniques are characterized ...
Savy Vilma - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Savy et al. (2012) Burden of influenza in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/irv.12036. Objective  Influenza causes severe morbidity and mortality. This systematic review aimed to assess the incidence, etiology, and resource usage for influenza ...
Sayre Casey L - - 2012
An analytical method enabling the detection and quantification of the individual enantiomers of racemic (±) pinocembrin is required to fully characterize its pharmacokinetic disposition. Direct resolution of the enantiomers of pinocembrin was achieved using a novel and simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method with electrospray ionization and detection by mass ...
Karremans Johan C - - 2012
The target article's evolutionary approach provides an excellent framework for understanding when and why people retaliate or forgive. We argue that recent findings on the basic processes in forgiveness - particularly, the role of executive control - can further refine the authors' proposed model. Specifically, the lack of executive control may restrict the explanatory ...
Zhao Xin - - 2012
Danshen (DS) is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for treating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. A simple, rapid and sensitive method was developed for identification of the in vivo metabolites in urine of WZS-miniature pigs after oral administration of DS decoction by HPLC coupled with diode array detection with electrospray ...
Willi Y Y Institute of Biology, Evolutionary Botany, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland. - - 2013
According to theory, drift load in randomly mating populations is determined by past population size, because enhanced genetic drift in small populations causes accumulation and fixation of recessive deleterious mutations of small effect. In contrast, segregating load due to mutations of low frequency should decline in smaller populations, at least ...
Alvarez Celedonio M - - 2012
The use of Schiff condensation followed by CuAAC affords complexes containing iminopyridine ligands functionalized either with a triazole ring or with a sulfonyl amido group via ring opening of the unstable sulfonyl triazole.
Hines John - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to illustrate and discuss the various etiologies of perforation of the mesenteric small bowel and associated findings on abdominal CT. Perforation of the mesenteric small bowel is an uncommon cause of an acute abdomen and can be due to various etiologies. In underdeveloped countries, ...
Park Sung Keun - - 2012
There have been several reports about clinical association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, most of studies were about the unilateral effects of type 2 DM on NAFLD, and studies for the reverse relation were rare. Thus, this study was designed to investigate ...
Simmons L W - - 2012
Reproductive proteins are amongst the most evolutionarily divergent proteins known, and research on genetically well-characterized species suggests that postcopulatory sexual selection might be important in their evolution; however, we lack the taxonomic breadth of information on reproductive proteins that is required to determine the general importance of sexual selection for ...
Norby Kiersten E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an infrequent complication of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for the treatment of acute stroke. However, such ICH is an important reason for withdrawal of care because of lack of adequate data regarding long-term patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To report the long-term outcomes in patients ...
Xu Ajing A Department of Pharmacology, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2013
The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) plays an evolutionarily conserved role in the cellular response to microbial infection and environmental stress. Activation of p38 is mediated through phosphorylation by upstream MAPKK, which in turn is activated by MAPKKK. In the Caenorhabditis elegans, the p38 MAPK (also called PMK-1) signaling pathway ...
Alligrant Timothy M - - 2012
We report on real-time electrochemical detection of individual DNA hybridization events at an electrode surface. The experiment is carried out in a microelectrochemical device configured with a working electrode modified with single-stranded DNA probe molecules. When a complementary DNA strand labelled with a catalyst hybridizes to the probe, an easily ...
Dobbs Matthew B MB Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine and Saint Louis Shriners Hospital for Children, One Children's Place, Suite 4s20, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA, - - 2013
This CORR Insights™ is a commentary on the article ''Can a Triple Pelvic Osteotomy for Adult Symptomatic Hip Dysplasia Provide Relief of Symptoms for 25 Years?" By van Stralen and colleagues available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-012-2701-0 .
Lv Mingming - - 2012
PURPOSE: The detection of circulating nucleic acids has long been explored for the diagnosis and prognosis of a variety of clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to detect the cell-free mRNA expression of midkine (MK) in patients with effusions and its potential diagnostic and predictive value. METHODS: Effusions ...
Zito Arianna - - 2012
Neuritin 1 (Nrn1 or cpg15-1) is an activity-dependent protein involved in synaptic plasticity during brain development, a process that relies upon neuronal migration. By analyzing Nrn1 expression, we found that it is highly expressed in a mouse model of migrating immortalized neurons (GN11 cells), but not in a mouse model ...
Farjami Elahe - - 2012
The inherent redox activity of dopamine enables its direct electrochemical in vivo analysis (Venton and Wightman, Anal. Chem. (2003) 414A). However, dopamine analysis is complicated by the interference from other electrochemically active endogenous compounds present in the brain, including dopamine precursors and metabolites and other neurotransmitters (NT). Here we report ...
Hamilton M G MG School of Plant Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. - - 2013
The possible drivers and implications of an observed latitudinal cline in disease resistance of a host tree were examined. Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) damage, caused by Teratosphaeria species, was assessed in five Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) common garden trials containing open-pollinated progeny from 13 native-forest populations. Significant population and ...
Kent Justine M - - 2012
Efficacy and safety of 2 risperidone doses were evaluated in children and adolescents with autism. Patients (N = 96; 5-17 years), received risperidone (low-dose: 0.125 mg/day [20 to <45 kg], 0.175 mg/day [>45 kg] or high-dose: 1.25 mg/day [20 to <45 kg], 1.75 mg/day [>45 kg]) or placebo. Mean baseline (range 27-29) to endpoint change in Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Irritability (primary endpoint) ...
Rotty Jeremy D - - 2012
The actin-related protein 2/3 (ARP2/3) complex nucleates branched actin filament networks, but requires nucleation promoting factors (NPFs) to stimulate this activity. NPFs include proteins such as Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), neural WASP (NWASP), WASP family verprolin-homologous protein (WAVE; also known as SCAR) and the recently identified WASP and SCAR homologue ...
Marchisio P - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the microbiology of acute otitis media (AOM) with otorrhea due to spontaneous tympanic membrane perforation (STMP) in children living in Milan, Italy. METHODS: We evaluated middle ear fluid (MEF) specimens taken from children affected by AOM associated with STMP and otorrhea between January 2001 and December 2011. ...
Sell Aaron N - - 2012
McCullough et al. present a compelling case that anger-based revenge is designed to disincentivize the target from imposing costs on the vengeful individual. Here I present a contrast between revenge motivated by anger (as discussed in the target article) and revenge motivated by hatred, which remains largely unexplored in the ...
Goulão João - - 2012
Abstract A 77-year-old man was referred for treatment of a biopsy-proven multi recurrence basal cell carcinoma (BCC) on the dorsum of the nose. The lesion was removed and the resulting surgical defect involved the full thickness of the nasal skin leaving intact the underlying perichondrium and cartilages of the whole ...
Paulik Georgie - - 2012
Background: There has been a recent focus on the interpersonal nature of the voice hearing experience, with studies showing that similar patterns of relating exist between voice hearer and voice as between voice hearer and social others. Two recent therapeutic approaches to voices, Cognitive Therapy for Command Hallucinations and Relating ...
Jolivet C C Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institut vTI, Institute of Forest Genetics, D-22927 Grosshansdorf, Germany. - - 2013
Genetic diversity strongly influences populations' adaptability to changing environments and therefore survival. Sustainable forest management practices have multiple roles including conservation of genetic resources and timber production. In this study, we aimed at better understanding the variation in genetic diversity among adult and offspring individuals, and the effects of mating ...
Parejiya Punit B - - 2012
The study was aimed toward development of modified release oral drug delivery system for highly water soluble drug, Milnacipran HCl (MH). Novel Tablet in Tablet system (TITs) comprising immediate and extended release dose of MH in different parts was fabricated. The outer shell was composed of admixture of MH, lactose ...
Szymańska Ewelina - - 2012
A detailed experimental investigation of the dissociative electron attachment (DEA) process to acetaldehyde, CH(3)CHO is presented. To investigate this process we use a time of flight spectrometer coupled with the velocity slice imaging technique. DEA in CH(3)CHO is found to lead to the formation of CH(3)(-), O(-), OH(-), C(2)H(-), C(2)HO(-) ...
Sun Hokeun H Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
The matched case-control designs are commonly used to control for potential confounding factors in genetic epidemiology studies especially epigenetic studies with DNA methylation. Compared with unmatched case-control studies with high-dimensional genomic or epigenetic data, there have been few variable selection methods for matched sets. In an earlier paper, we proposed ...
Wang Shin-Yi - - 2012
This meta-analysis used hierarchical linear modeling to examine 115 single-case studies with 343 participants that examined the effectiveness of social skills interventions for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The average effect size of the included studies was 1.40 (SD = 0.43, 95 % CL = 1.32-1.48, N = 115). In the further, several common predictors including ...
Shin Sung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether the preoperative magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) can predict the risk of cerebral ischemia associated with the carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2010, 382 consecutive patients (mean age: 56.6 years; range: 45-78 years) were identified to have undergone preoperative MRA and the CEA under regional ...
Konečni Vladimir J - - 2012
This commentary discusses dozens of ecologically powerful social-psychological experiments from the1960s and 1970s, which are highly relevant especially for predicting the consequences of revenge. McCullough et al. omitted this work - perhaps because of its misclassification as "catharsis" research. The findings are readily accommodated by Konečni's anger-aggression bidirectional-causation (AABC) model ...
Rienks J - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To investigate the association between dietary patterns and prevalence and incidence 3 years later of depressive symptoms using data from the mid-aged cohort in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Participants (aged 50-55 years) completed a food frequency questionnaire in 2001. Depressive symptoms were measured in 2001 and 2004 using ...
Rusjan Pablo M PM Research Imaging Centre, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Endocannabinoid tone has recently been implicated in a number of prevalent neuropsychiatric conditions. [(11)C]CURB is the first available positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer for imaging fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the enzyme which metabolizes the prominent endocannabinoid anandamide. Here, we sought to determine the most suitable kinetic modeling approach for ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
ABSTRACT This study aimed to develop a novel multiplex reverse transcription-nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR) assay to accurately and effectively detect 10 common gene rearrangements in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to examine the clinicopathologic characteristics and other genetic aberrations of ALL patients expressing different fusion genes. Our RT-nPCR ...
Klier C M CM Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
To assess rates of neonaticide after the implementation of a preventative 'anonymous delivery' law in mid-2001 in Austria. Women are allowed to access antenatal care and give birth in a hospital anonymously, without showing any ID and free of charge. Retrospective study. A complete census of police-reported neonaticides was obtained ...
Delbe-Bertin Laëtitia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rituximab (RTX) is a promising strategy for treating steroid-dependent idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). RTX induces profound B-cell depletion, suggesting hypogammaglobulinemia as a potential side effect after long-term treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels in 12 pediatric patients on RTX with a B-cell depletion of a ...
Balliet Daniel - - 2012
We address how trait self-control and trait concern for others relate to the concepts of monitored and intrinsic Welfare Tradeoff Ratios (WTRs), respectively, and how recent work on personality, revenge, and forgiveness are informed by the adaptationist perspective proposed in the target article. We also discuss how the proposed adaptationist ...
Shin Jonghyun - - 2012
Syndecan-4 (S4) is a cell membrane-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycan that forms oligomers in muscle satellite cells. The S4 oligomers activate protein kinase Cα (PKCα) through the S4 cytoplasmic domain and may regulate the activation of ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA), a signal transduction molecule down-stream of PKCα which ...
Leiser David - - 2012
McCullough et al. suggest that revenge and forgiveness rest upon risk computation. Risk computation is implemented by emotions that evolved for additional functions, giving rise to phenomena such as betrayal aversion and taboo-tradeoffs, and specific patterns of forgiveness we have documented. A complete account of revenge and reconciliation should incorporate ...
Volpp Kevin G KG Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 1120 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6021, USA. - - 2012
A 2009 Institute of Medicine report recommended protected sleep periods for medicine trainees on extended overnight shifts, a position reinforced by new Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requirements. To evaluate the feasibility and consequences of protected sleep periods during extended duty. Randomized controlled trial conducted at the Philadelphia VA ...
Locatelli Isabella - - 2012
We consider the problem of estimating the mean hospital cost of stays of a class of patients (e.g., a diagnosis-related group) as a function of patient characteristics. The statistical analysis is complicated by the asymmetry of the cost distribution, the possibility of censoring on the cost variable, and the occurrence ...
Hansen J J Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics, Systems Biology Center New York, New York, New York, - - 2013
Over the past 50 years, like molecular cell biology, medicine and pharmacology have been driven by a reductionist approach. The focus on individual genes and cellular components as disease loci and drug targets has been a necessary step in understanding the basic mechanisms underlying tissue/organ physiology and drug action. Recent ...
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