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Results 301 - 350 of 2633
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Petersen Michael Bang - - 2012
Research indicates that individuals have incoherent intuitions about particular features of the criminal justice system. This could be seen as an argument against the existence of adapted computational systems for counter-exploitation. Here, I outline how the model developed by McCullough et al. readily predicts the production of conflicting intuitions in ...
Kajiura Hiroyuki - - 2012
Cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) is widely used as a carrier molecule and mucosal adjuvant and for the expression of fusion proteins of interest. CTB-fusion proteins are also expressed in plants, but the N-glycan structures of CTB have not been clarified. To gain insights into the N-glycosylation and N-glycans of ...
Paik Woo Hyun - - 2012
Biliary cast syndrome (BCS) is uncommon complication of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), thus long-term treatment outcome of BCS is not well characterized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term treatment outcome and prognosis of BCS after OLT. Between January 2000 and September 2009, medical records of 1097 patients ...
Maradiegue Ann H - - 2012
In this study, depressive symptomatology in Central American immigrant mothers with adolescent daughters living in the USA was explored. Using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Short Scale, the Family History Scale, an Acculturation Scale, and the core section of the Youth Conduct Disorder scale from the National Health and ...
Barritt A Sidney AS - - 2012
Background: Prior studies have examined the impacts of demographic factors on liver transplant outcomes. These factors may be surrogate markers for access to medical care. We investigated physician density in referred patients' hospital service areas as a factor in patients' probability to receive a liver transplant. Methods: We performed a ...
Romanescu Constantin - - 2012
Atomic clusters have intermediate properties between that of individual atoms and bulk solids, which provide fertile ground for the discovery of new molecules and novel chemical bonding. In addition, the study of small clusters can help researchers design better nanosystems with specific physical and chemical properties. From recent experimental and ...
Salmelin Anette - - 2012
Background. Computerized ST analysis of fetal electrocardiography (ECG) combined with cardiotochography (CTG) has been introduced for intrapartum monitoring and is the prevailing method when ST analysis (STAN®) is used. Objective. To assess the evidence that computerized ST analysis during labor reduces the incidence of fetal metabolic acidosis, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, ...
Sun Huijiao - - 2012
Potassium ions play diverse roles in biological processes, and abnormal K(+) levels are the hallmarks of diseases. However, the potential clinical application of the developed DNA-based K(+) sensors remains a challenge due to the presence of Pb(2+) in blood samples. In this contribution, a novel colorimetric potassium sensing assay that ...
Wesley Carlos Knute - - 2012
Abstract Local administration of corticosteroids has been demonstrated to have both beneficial and detrimental effects on wound healing. The advantages of limiting localized edema must be weighed against corticosteroids' disadvantageous inhibition of the normal growth factor profile production that is essential for would healing. A single-center prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind ...
Barclay Pat - - 2012
The target article's important point is easily misunderstood to claim that all revenge is adaptive. Revenge and forgiveness can overstretch (or understretch) the bounds of utility due to misperceptions, minimization of costly errors, a breakdown within our evolved revenge systems, or natural genetic and developmental variation. Together, these factors can ...
Subathra M - - 2012
Microscopic agglutination test (MAT) is the standard method for the diagnosis of leptospirosis, which is laborious and the interpretation of the results is subjective. The present work describes the use of recombinant-based IgG ELISA for the serodiagnosis of leptospirosis. We used recombinant outer membrane protein OmpL1 as an antigen for ...
McAnena L - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: A case of an 11-year-old boy presenting with a two-week history of a red, irritated right eye after handling a Chilean Rose Tarantula at an exotic pet exhibition. Examination revealed innumerable microscopic hairs embedded at all levels of the cornea. He was commenced on steroid drops with subjective and ...
Chao Yuehui - - 2012
In Arabidopsis, allelic variation at the FRIGIDA (FRI) locus is a major determinant of natural variation in flowering time. We have identified a FRIGIDA like protein gene, MsFRI-L, with unknown function from Medicago sativa L. Expression of MsFRI-L was increased in wild alfalfa under continuous cold conditions and the gene ...
Ormitti Francesca - - 2012
Unilateral absence of a parotid gland at the expected location is an extremely rare condition with only a few cases reported in the medical literature and, to our knowledge, never previously described in association with CHARGE syndrome (Coloboma of the eye, Heart defects, Atresia of the choanae, Retardation of growth ...
Gili Pablo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the efficacy of monochromatic photography of the ocular fundus in differentiating optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) and optic disc oedema (ODE). METHODS: Sixty-six patients with ONHD, 31 patients with ODE and 70 healthy subjects were studied. Colour and monochromatic fundus photography with different filters (green, red and ...
Schramm Elizabeth C - - 2012
As a strategy to increase the seed dormancy of soft white wheat, mutants with increased sensitivity to the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) were identified in mutagenized grain of soft white spring wheat "Zak". Lack of seed dormancy is correlated with increased susceptibility to preharvest sprouting in wheat, especially those ...
Konrath Sara - - 2012
We review two subjective (mis)perceptions that influence revenge and forgiveness systems. Individual differences predict more (e.g., narcissism) or less (e.g., empathy) revenge, with the opposite pattern for forgiveness. Moreover, differences in victim versus perpetrator perceptions can influence revenge and forgiveness systems, perpetuating never-ending cycles of revenge. These two examples point ...
Quental Carlos - - 2012
Finite element analyses, with increasing levels of detail and complexity, are becoming effective tools to evaluate the performance of joint replacement prostheses and to predict the behaviour of bone. As a first step towards the study of the complications of shoulder arthroplasty, the aim of this work was the development ...
Iglesias-Linares Alejandro - - 2012
External apical root resorption (EARR) is a frequent iatrogenic problem following orthodontic treatment in endodontically-treated teeth, about which the literature reports substantial variability in post-orthodontic treatment EARR responses. The main focus of the present study is to clarify whether variants in the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene coding for the IL-1ra ...
Liu Hao - - 2012
The phytochemistry, cardiovascular pharmacology, toxicology, side effect, and further development prospects of Gardenia jasminoides J. Ellis (GJE) and its main constituents crocins and iridoid glycosides were studied. Numerous studies have confirmed that crocins and iridoid glycosides had effects of antioxidation, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-ischemic brain injuries, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-hyperglycemia, anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-hypertension, ...
Sasakawa Kôji - - 2012
Many parasitoid wasps learn host-associated cues and use them in subsequent host-searching behavior. This associative learning, namely "oviposition learning," has been investigated in many studies. However, few studies have compared multiple species, and no comparative study has previously been conducted on ectoparasitoid species. We compared the effects of oviposition learning ...
Sabounchei Seyyed Javad - - 2012
Reaction of sulfonium ylides (Me)(2)SCHC(O)C(6)H(4)R (R = H; m-NO(2); p-NO(2); p-OMe; p-Me and p-Br) with AgNO(3) in dichloromethane leads to various compounds. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the adducts take 3 forms: (i) two-dimensional polymer, [AgNO(3)(Me(2)SCHC(O)C(6)H(5))](n) (), with nitrate bridges in which each nitrate coordinates to three silver ...
Thapa Raj Kumar - - 2012
Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disorder affecting 2-3 % of world population. In present context, a novel topical formulation that could deliver tacrolimus effectively for psoriasis treatment would be of great interest. Liquid crystalline nanoparticle (LCN) is one of the potential drug delivery systems for topical drug ...
Rusz Orsolya - - 2012
The standard of care in bone metastases is antiresorptive therapy. If present in the bone, tumor cells induce a vicious cycle by stimulating the osteoclasts, which further accelerates tumor progression. The widely-used bisphosphonates or the new therapeutic option, denosumab an inhibitor of the receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), interrupt ...
Baiocchi Glauco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma (AC) of the cervix comprises 15-20 % of all cervical carcinomas, and data regarding the prognostic value of histologic type after pelvic exenteration (PE) are lacking. Our aim was to analyze the prognostic value of histologic type in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) after PE and correlate ...
Verhagen Josine - - 2012
Longitudinal surveys measuring physical or mental health status are a common method to evaluate treatments. Multiple items are administered repeatedly to assess changes in the underlying health status of the patient. Traditional models to analyze the resulting data assume that the characteristics of at least some items are identical over ...
Murata Kazuya - - 2012
Improvement in blood fluidity leads to the prevention of various lifestyle-related diseases. A raw material for improving blood fluidity has been long desired in the research area of functional and supplemental foods. We successfully showed an improvement in blood fluidity by the Zingiberaceae plant, Kaempferia parviflora. The rhizome of the ...
Hatano Ken-Ichi - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that dark materials (DM) in acidified molasses are effectively adsorbed to Amberlite XAD7HP resin and are eluted from the resin with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide. In this paper, we have characterized the self-assembly behavior of molasses DM by using dynamic and static light scattering in combination with ...
Zinzani Pier Luigi - - 2012
Bronchial-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma is an extranodal primary pulmonary lymphoma. The optimal therapy for this rare disease is still debated, and few heterogeneous data are available in literature. The aim of our study was to critically review data of patients with BALT lymphoma treated in first-line therapy with fludarabine ...
Che Brita Ngum - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Phytanic acid (PA) is a bioactive compound found in milk which is derived from the phytol chain of chlorophyll and the content of PA in milk-fat depends on the availability of phytol from feed. In this study, the content of PA diastereomers was analyzed in milk sampled from five ...
Rojas Alex - - 2012
Two imidazolium cations containing a benzyl group, 1-benzyl-3-methylimidazolium and 1-benzyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium, generally produce the large pore zeolite MTW when used as structure directing agents in the synthesis of pure silica zeolites by the fluoride route. When working at low water contents only the smallest of these cations is able to crystallize ...
Yeates Peter - - 2012
Competency-based models of education require assessments to be based on individuals' capacity to perform, yet the nature of human judgment may fundamentally limit the extent to which such assessment is accurately possible. To determine whether recent observations of the Mini Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) performance of postgraduate year 1 physicians ...
Mantha S - - 2012
Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) were, until recently, the only option for chronic anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation. Three new oral anticoagulants have been tested for this indication in recent randomized trials: dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban. They offer the promise of consistent effect without the need for monitoring drug levels. ...
Kornfeld Ari - - 2012
Laboratory studies indicate that plant respiratory efficiency may decrease in response to low nutrient availability, due to increased partitioning of electrons to the energy-wasteful alternative oxidase (AOX). Field confirmation of this hypothesis is lacking, however. We therefore investigated plant respiratory changes associated with succession and retrogression in soils aged from ...
Mendes Ana Vilela - - 2012
The epidemiological dimension of mental health problems in childhood and its impact warrant new studies. Knowledge about the predictors of mental health in children is scant in developing countries. The present study estimated the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Brazilian school-age children based on a community sample from primary health ...
Cheng D - - 2012
Mahogunin is an important mediator of chromogenesis and neurodegeneration. Mahoganoid is a mutation of the mahogunin gene, which causes a pleiotropic phenotype that includes suppression of obesity, spongiform neurodegeneration and improvement of insulin sensitivity. Our previous research found that mahoganoid widely expressed in the male rat reproductive system, and mahoganoid-deficient ...
Kustikova O S - - 2012
The transcription factor Evi1 plays an outstanding role in the formation and transformation of hematopoietic cells. Its activation by chromosomal rearrangement induces a myelodysplastic syndrome with progression to acute myeloid leukemia of poor prognosis. Similarly, retroviral insertion-mediated upregulation confers a competitive advantage to transplanted hematopoietic cells, triggering clonal dominance or ...
Andersen Andreas - - 2012
Interest in cytokines as markers for the function of the immune system is increasing. Methods quantifying cytokine concentrations are often subject to detection limits, which lead to non-detectable observations and censored distributions. When distributions are skewed, geometric mean ratios (GMRs) can be used to describe the relative concentration between two ...
Rieusset Jennifer - - 2012
The role of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+) ) signaling in the control of insulin sensitivity remains unclear. Based on the recently observed role of the mitochondrial chaperone cyclophilin D in regulating Ca(2+) , endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and glucose homeostasis, we used cyclophilin D knock-out (cypD-KO) mice to study the role of ...
Pusic Andrea L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Lymphedema following breast cancer surgery remains a common and feared treatment complication. Accurate information on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes among patients with lymphedema is critically needed to inform shared medical decision making and evidence-based practice in oncologic breast surgery. Our systematic review aimed to (1) identify studies ...
Longo E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite growing interest in the topic of participation, the construct has not yet been assessed in children and adolescents with and without cerebral palsy (CP) in Spain. As there are no available instruments to measure participation in leisure activities which have been adapted in this country, the goal of ...
Lachal J - - 2012
Childhood obesity is a complex condition involving medical, social, moral and cultural issues. Qualitative approaches are of great value in understanding this complexity. This meta-synthesis of 45 qualitative studies deals specifically with the issue of obesity in children and adolescents from different perspectives - those of obese children and adolescents, ...
Rinke S - - 2012
This practice-based study evaluates the clinical performance of conventionally luted metal-ceramic and zirconia molar crowns fabricated with pronounced anatomical core design and a prolonged cooling period of the veneering porcelain. Fifty-three patients were treated from 07/2008 until 07/2009 with either metal-ceramic crowns (MCC) (high-noble alloy + low-fusing porcelain) or zirconia crowns (Cercon ...
Di Lernia Vito - - 2012
Abstract Psoriasis in patients with early onset follows an irregular course with tendency to become severe and extensive. The aim of this study was to look for an association between age at onset of psoriasis and use of biologic agents for its treatment. We reviewed the medical records of 350 ...
Faisal Mohammad - - 2012
Synseed technology is one of the most important applications of plant biotechnology for in vitro conservation and regeneration of medicinal and aromatic plants. In the present investigation, synseeds of Rauvolfia tetraphylla were produced using in vitro-proliferated shoots upon complexation of 3 % sodium alginate and 100 mM CaCl(2). The encapsulated buds were ...
Hawkins Clifford Matthew - - 2012
Transarterial radioembolisation with yttrium-90 (TARE-Y90), a catheter-directed therapy, has been used extensively in adults to treat primary and secondary hepatic malignancies. To our knowledge, the use of this palliative technique has not been described in children. We present two children with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with TARE-Y90.
Baes C - - 2012
Genetically reducing boar taint using low-taint lines is considered the most sustainable and economic long-term alternative to surgical castration of male pigs. Owing to the high heritability of the main boar taint components (androstenone, skatole and indole), breeding is an excellent tool for reducing the number of tainted carcasses. To ...
Gintis Herbert - - 2012
McCullough et al.'s target article is a psychological version of the reputation models pioneered by biologist Robert Trivers (1971) and economist Robert Frank (1988). The authors, like Trivers and Frank, offer an implausible explanation of the fact that revenge is common even when there are no possible reputational effects. I ...
Najajreh Yousef - - 2012
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by the presence of p210(Bcr-Abl) which exhibits an abnormal kinase activity. Selective Abl kinase inhibitors have been successfully established for the treatment of CML. Despite high rates of clinical response, CML patients can develop resistance against these kinase inhibitors mainly due to point mutations ...
Chatterjee Saurav - - 2012
The two newer antiplatelet drugs, prasugrel and ticagrelor have both been incorporated in various national guidelines and are both under consideration for approval or have already been approved by various drug regulatory authorities. Mortality benefits with clopidogrel were comparable to newer anti-platelets, and prasugrel had great anti-ischemic potency than ticagrelor. ...
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