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Results 251 - 300 of 2633
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Potegal Michael - - 2012
Revenge appears among a "suite" of social interactions that includes competition, alliance building (a prerequisite for tribal revenge raids), and so forth. Rather than a modular "system" directly reflecting evolutionary fitness constraints, revenge may be (another) social cost-benefit calculation involving potential or actual aggression and proximately controlled by individual personality ...
El Bestawy Ebtesam - - 2012
The present study aimed to overcome the toxicity of the heavy metals load, discharged with the industrial effluents into Alexandria sewerage network, on the activated sludge treatment system through effective acclimation for organic matter and heavy metals removal. Optimization and/or acclimatization of the activated sludge process in the presence of ...
Johnson-Freyd Sasha - - 2012
McCullough et al. hypothesize that evolution has selected mechanisms for revenge to deter harms and for forgiveness to preserve valuable relationships. However, in highly dependent relationships, the more adaptive course of action may be to remain unaware of the initial harm rather than risk alienating a needed other. We present ...
Liu Gui-Lei - - 2012
Two MOF-74 analogs with OH groups on 1D channel surfaces have been synthesized through multi-component self-assembly at room temperature. Their guest-free forms demonstrate a potential luminescent probe or sensor for small molecules, and OH-MOF-74 () also showed exceptional fluorescence quenching and enhancement behavior for different types of aromatic molecules.
McCullough Michael E - - 2012
Minimizing the costs that others impose upon oneself and upon those in whom one has a fitness stake, such as kin and allies, is a key adaptive problem for many organisms. Our ancestors regularly faced such adaptive problems (including homicide, bodily harm, theft, mate poaching, cuckoldry, reputational damage, sexual aggression, ...
Yu Junchi - - 2012
Transcription factor (TF) and microRNA (miRNA) are two best characterized gene regulators that have been found to play an important role in gene regulation. However, high throughput screening the interaction relationships between transcription factors, microRNAs, and target genes in gliomas remains rare. Using GSE16666 and GSE13091 datasets downloaded from Gene ...
Manz Thomas A - - 2012
In recent years, several methods have been developed that partition the electron density among atoms using spherically symmetric atomic weights. D. E. P. Vanpoucke, P. Bultinck, and I. Van Driessche (J. Comput. Chem. 2012, doi: 10.1002/jcc.23088) recently reported a periodic implementation of the Hirshfeld-I method that uses a combination of ...
Orasan Remus Aurel - - 2012
PURPOSE: The study of online hemodiafiltration (HDF) benefits over high-flux hemodialysis (HD) raises great interest. The purpose was to compare clinical and laboratory parameters in patients treated with HD who were switched to HDF. METHODS: Forty-eight HD patients (study group) were switched to HDF, while other 521 patients remained on ...
Koehler Fabian M - - 2012
Graphene is a two-dimensional crystalline carbon allotrope that has fascinated researchers worldwide and has extended the interest in carbon structures such as fullerenes and nanotubes. In this Account, we use electrical characterization tools to study chemistry on supported graphene. These experiments elucidate the way covalently bound phenyl units can change ...
Bräuner Elvira V - - 2012
Radon-222 gas arises from the radioactive decay of radium-226 and has a 3.8 day half-life. This gas percolates up through soil into buildings, and if it is not evacuated there can be much higher exposure levels indoors than outdoors, which is where human exposure occurs. Radon exposure is classified as ...
Eroldo─čan Tufan O - - 2012
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)-rich and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-6 PUFA)-rich vegetable oils are increasingly used as fish oil replacers for aquafeed formulation. The present study investigated the fatty acid metabolism in juvenile European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, 38.4 g) fed diets containing fish oil (FO, as the control treatment) or ...
Schmudde I - - 2012
The pathways underlying dendritic cell (DC) activation in allergic asthma are incompletely understood. Here we demonstrate that adoptive transfer of ovalbumin-pulsed wild-type (wt) but not of C5a receptor-deficient (C5aR(-/-)) bone marrow (BM)-derived DCs (BMDCs) induced mixed T helper type 2 (Th2)/Th17 maladaptive immunity, associated with severe airway hyperresponsiveness, mucus production, ...
Xu Huiping - - 2012
Intermediate test results often occur with diagnostic tests. When assessing diagnostic accuracy, it is important to properly report and account for these results. In the literature, these results are commonly discarded prior to analysis or treated as either a positive or a negative result. Although such adjustments allow sensitivity and ...
Sampram Ellis S - - 2012
To prospectively evaluate the potential influence of resistance to activated protein C (APC-resistance) on the initial inflammatory response, amputation rate and survival during 10 years of follow-up in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Two hundred and fifty-six consecutive CLI patients were analyzed for APC-ratio, the Factor V Leiden mutation and ...
Stryker Jody J - - 2012
Changes in land use and climate are expected to alter the risk of malaria transmission in areas where rainfall limits vector abundance. We use a coupled hydrology-entomology model to investigate the effects of land use change on hydrological processes impacting mosquito abundance in a highland village of Ethiopia. Land use ...
Ferreira R C - - 2012
PURPOSE: New insights in prognostic predictions are urgently needed for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The present study aimed to investigate whether computerized analysis of chromatin texture allows the identification of PTC patients with a poor prognosis. METHODS: We randomnly selected paraffin-embedded blocks from surgical specimens of 103 classic cases of ...
Wang Xin - - 2012
Marine macroalgae are known to harbor large populations of microbial symbionts, and yet, microbe symbiosis in invasive macroalgae remains largely unknown. In this study, we applied molecular methods to study microbial communities associated with two invasive algae Acanthophora spicifera and Gracilaria salicornia and the two native algae Gracilaria coronopifolia and ...
Nazer Babak - - 2012
Albuminuria has been shown to be associated with mortality and cardiovascular events, independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. This suggests that albuminuria may not just represent glomerular damage, but may be a marker of more diffuse endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the relationship between urinary albumin levels after an acute coronary ...
Gucsik Arnold - - 2012
Color centers in selected micro- and nanodiamond samples were investigated by cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy and spectroscopy at 298 K [room temperature (RT)] and 77 K [liquid-nitrogen temperature (LNT)] to assess the value of the technique for astrophysics. Nanodiamonds from meteorites were compared with synthetic diamonds made with different processes involving ...
Sahin Kazim - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate anti-diabetic effects of chromium picolinate (CrPic) and biotin supplementations in type 2 diabetic rats. The type 2 diabetic rat model was induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and low-dose streptozotocin. The rats were divided into five groups as follows: (1) non-diabetic rats ...
Monsegue Niven - - 2012
In this article, we demonstrate the application of a new compressed sensing three-dimensional reconstruction algorithm for electron tomography that increases the accuracy of morphological characterization of nanostructured materials such as nanocrystalline iron oxide particles. A powerful feature of the algorithm is an anisotropic total variation norm for the L1 minimization ...
Makni Amin - - 2012
Hydatid cysts are mostly located in the liver, followed by the lung. Primary and isolated extrahepatic intra-abdominal hydatid cysts (PIEHC) are rare and only a few sporadic series have been reported. This article aims to study the epidemiological, diagnostic difficulties and therapeutic principles of PIEHC. More over, it aims to ...
Kent Justine M - - 2012
Efficacy and safety of 2 risperidone doses were evaluated in children and adolescents with autism. Patients (N = 96; 5-17 years), received risperidone (low-dose: 0.125 mg/day [20 to <45 kg], 0.175 mg/day [>45 kg] or high-dose: 1.25 mg/day [20 to <45 kg], 1.75 mg/day [>45 kg]) or placebo. Mean baseline (range 27-29) to endpoint change in Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Irritability (primary endpoint) ...
Rotty Jeremy D - - 2012
The actin-related protein 2/3 (ARP2/3) complex nucleates branched actin filament networks, but requires nucleation promoting factors (NPFs) to stimulate this activity. NPFs include proteins such as Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), neural WASP (NWASP), WASP family verprolin-homologous protein (WAVE; also known as SCAR) and the recently identified WASP and SCAR homologue ...
Marchisio P - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the microbiology of acute otitis media (AOM) with otorrhea due to spontaneous tympanic membrane perforation (STMP) in children living in Milan, Italy. METHODS: We evaluated middle ear fluid (MEF) specimens taken from children affected by AOM associated with STMP and otorrhea between January 2001 and December 2011. ...
Sell Aaron N - - 2012
McCullough et al. present a compelling case that anger-based revenge is designed to disincentivize the target from imposing costs on the vengeful individual. Here I present a contrast between revenge motivated by anger (as discussed in the target article) and revenge motivated by hatred, which remains largely unexplored in the ...
Goulão João - - 2012
Abstract A 77-year-old man was referred for treatment of a biopsy-proven multi recurrence basal cell carcinoma (BCC) on the dorsum of the nose. The lesion was removed and the resulting surgical defect involved the full thickness of the nasal skin leaving intact the underlying perichondrium and cartilages of the whole ...
Meagher Katherine A - - 2012
Macular pigment (MP) is composed of lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z) and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ). The present study reports on serum response to three different MP supplements in normal subjects (n 27) and in subjects with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) (n 27). Subjects were randomly assigned to: Group 1 (20 mg L and ...
Ribelles Pedro - - 2012
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the causative agent of cervical cancer (CxCa) and the most commonly sexually transmitted pathogen worldwide. HPV type 16 (HPV-16) E7 oncoprotein is constitutively produced in CxCa and considered as a good antigen candidate for the development of new therapeutic CxCa vaccines. Here, we report the use ...
Dumont Cyrielle - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Since 2007, it is mandatory for the pharmaceutical companies to submit a Paediatric Investigation Plan to the Paediatric Committee at the European Medicines Agency for any drug in development in adults, and it often leads to the need to conduct a pharmacokinetic study in children. Pharmacokinetic studies in children ...
Deng Zhaoqun - - 2012
MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNAs that can regulate gene expression in cancer development, which makes them valuable targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we report on an approach that can not only arrest the functions of mature miRNAs by binding to them but it can also induce the "mis-processing" of the ...
Coupland L J - - 2012
SUMMARY A panel of 223 faecal samples was analysed to determine the clinical utility of the Seeplex® Diarrhea ACE Detection multiplex PCR system (Seeplex system; Seegene, Korea), a qualitative multiplexing PCR technology that enables simultaneous multi-pathogen detection of four viruses and/or ten bacteria associated with acute gastroenteritis. Conventional diagnostic methods ...
Goller Katja V - - 2012
Knowledge of coronaviruses in wild carnivores is limited. This report describes coronavirus genetic diversity, species specificity and infection prevalence in three wild African carnivores. Coronavirus RNA was recovered from fresh feces from spotted hyena and silver-backed jackal, but not bat-eared fox. Analysis of sequences of membrane (M) and spike (S) ...
Mir Hicham - - 2012
The level set method has been used for 20 years in a wide range of physical applications to track moving interfaces instead of an explicit description of the geometry. This paper studies in detail the shape of the level set function, delimiting a sub-domain in solid mechanics, with an innovative ...
Chol Christelle - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: As of January 2006, the BCG vaccine SSI® became the only BCG vaccine available for tuberculosis vaccination in France. The use of this vaccine led to significant changes in vaccination technique which were accompanied by a rapid increase in the number of adverse reactions (ADRs) reported. A national pharmacovigilance ...
Nguyen Thao T T - - 2012
Carica papaya is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries and is used as food as well as traditional medicine to treat a range of diseases. Increasing anecdotal reports of its effects in cancer treatment and prevention, with many successful cases, have warranted that these pharmacological properties be scientifically validated. ...
Cobanoglu Aysegul Kudu - - 2012
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are among the major causes of mortality in renal transplant (RT) patients. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the role of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) along with oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and antioxidized LDL (anti-oxLDL) on the extent ...
Hahn Bettina - - 2012
ERK is a member of the MAPK pathway with essential functions in cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. Complete ERK activation by the kinase MEK requires dual phosphorylation at T and Y within the activation motif TEY. We show that exposure of primary mouse hepatocytes to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) results ...
Galli Carlo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Phosphoserine-based functionalization has been proposed as a tool to improve integration of endosseous implants by promoting osteoblast adhesion and differentiation in vitro. The present work investigates whether phosphoserine-tethered poly(epsilon-lysine) dendrons, when applied as a film to titanium surfaces, enhance the differentiation of osteoblastic cells and the activation of Wnt/β-catenin ...
Wong Jonathan - - 2012
Smoothly varying muscle fibre orientations in the heart are critical to its electrical and mechanical function. From detailed histological studies and diffusion tensor imaging, we now know that fibre orientations in humans vary gradually from approximately - 70° in the outer wall to +80° in the inner wall. However, the creation ...
Klein B - - 2012
Clinical effects of early childhood chronic stress should be regarded as causing a developmental brain injury. However, current diagnostic constructs fail to capture the associated disabilities in emotional-behavioural regulation of stress and attachment functions adequately. We first focus on neglect as a prototypical early childhood chronic stressor; next we explore ...
Razavi Shahnaz - - 2012
The Schwann cells (SCs) may be obtain from nerve biopsies for autologous transplantation. However, it is difficult to obtain sufficient amount of SCs for clinical applications. Human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can be induced to differentiate into Schwann-like cells (S-like cells) and used for autologous transplantation. However, effect of leukemia ...
Chu Chi Meng - - 2012
Recent advancements in risk assessment have led to the development of dynamic risk-assessment measures that are predictive of inpatient aggression in the short term. However, there are several areas within this field that warrant further empirical investigation, including whether the average, maximum, or most recent risk state assessment is the ...
Zierkiewicz Wiktor - - 2012
Increase of the atmospheric concentration of halogenated organic compounds is partially responsible for a change of the global climate. In this work we have investigated the interaction between halogenated ether and water, which is one of the most important constituent of the atmosphere. The structures of the complexes formed by ...
Su Hui - - 2013
Recently identified as adiponectin (APN) paralogs, C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) share similar metabolic regulatory functions as APN. The current study determined cardiac expression of CTRPs, their potential cardioprotective function, and investigated whether and how diabetes may regulate cardiac CTRP expression. Several CTRPs are expressed in the heart at levels significantly greater ...
Pan Yuanlong - - 2012
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome is a major disease affecting old cats and is the consequence of severe and irreversible loss of brain cells and brain atrophy. The present study focused on the hypothesis that the optimal strategy for promoting successful brain ageing is to target risk factors associated with brain ageing ...
Azziz-Baumgartner Eduardo - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Azziz-Baumgartner et al. (2012) Incidence of influenza-associated mortality and hospitalizations in Argentina during 2002-2009. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/irv.12022. Background  We estimated rates of influenza-associated deaths and hospitalizations in Argentina, a country that recommends annual influenza vaccination for persons at high risk of complications ...
Huang Chun-Min - - 2012
Energetic-assisted scanning thermal lithography (SThL) was demonstrated with the addition of benzoyl peroxide (BPO) for patterning silver nanoparticles. SThL samples were prepared by spin-coating poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) thin films preloaded with BPO and silver nitrate precursors. Localized thermal analysis via probe heating demonstrated that the BPO decomposition in the polymer ...
Petersen Michael Bang - - 2012
Research indicates that individuals have incoherent intuitions about particular features of the criminal justice system. This could be seen as an argument against the existence of adapted computational systems for counter-exploitation. Here, I outline how the model developed by McCullough et al. readily predicts the production of conflicting intuitions in ...
Kajiura Hiroyuki - - 2012
Cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) is widely used as a carrier molecule and mucosal adjuvant and for the expression of fusion proteins of interest. CTB-fusion proteins are also expressed in plants, but the N-glycan structures of CTB have not been clarified. To gain insights into the N-glycosylation and N-glycans of ...
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