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Guo Wei-Xing - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) could get the same treatment efficacy and fewer complications as partial hepatectomy (PH) in patients with small centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of PH and PRFA in the treatment of small ...
Beckerman Stephen - - 2012
There are interesting parallelisms between McCullough et al.'s article and studies of revenge presented by French legal anthropologist Raymond Verdier, particularly as regards the discussion of the increasing likelihood of revenge with increasing social distance. Additionally, the observation that many peoples speak of revenge in the language of debt and ...
Lambrinoudaki Irene - - 2012
Vitamin D receptor's (VDR) genotypes have been associated both with the development of bone disease and the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to evaluate the association between the presence of Bsm1 restriction fragment length polymorphism of VDR and bone loss in ambulatory patients with MS. This cross-sectional study ...
Sanaeinasab Hormoz - - 2012
To better understand prevalence of physical inactivity among Iranian adolescents, their physical activity behavior across the hypothesized stages of change derived from the transtheoretical model was investigated in this study. This was a cross-sectional study involving 1551 adolescents, 12-14 years of age (941 boys and 610 girls). Participants were selected ...
Cook L M LM Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. - - 2013
From the outset multiple causes have been suggested for changes in melanic gene frequency in the peppered moth Biston betularia and other industrial melanic moths. These have included higher intrinsic fitness of melanic forms and selective predation for camouflage. The possible existence and origin of heterozygote advantage has been debated. ...
Petrović Zoran - - 2012
A total of 84 European hares collected from eleven Serbian regions investigated upon cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) presence. Strong statistically significant correlations between Cd concentrations in kidney and liver were registered in animals older than 12 months. Significant differences between Zn concentrations in liver in comparison to kidney were found ...
Shigemori Suguru - - 2012
Proteins from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) are strong allergens that can cause serious symptoms, including anaphylaxis, in patients with hypersensitivity. In this study, we successfully developed a modified lactic acid bacterial vector (pNSH) and a recombinant strain of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 (NZ9000) that produced a major allergenic storage protein of buckwheat, ...
Wu Yujun - - 2012
When several treatment arms are administered along with a control arm in a trial, dropping the non-promising treatments at an early stage helps to save the resources and expedite the trial. In such adaptive designs with treatment selection, a common selection rule is to pick the most promising treatment, for ...
Erdman Natasha - - 2012
Previously, imaging and analysis with cathodoluminescence (CL) detectors required using high accelerating voltages. Utilization of lower accelerating voltage for microanalysis has the advantages of reduced beam-specimen interaction volume, and thus better spatial resolution, as well as reduction in electron beam induced damage. This article will highlight recent developments in field ...
Anninga Jakob K - - 2012
Osteosarcomas of hands or feet are rare, and seemingly these cases differ in presentation and behavior compared to those in usual locations. The clinico-pathological presentation of patients with osteosarcomas of the hand or foot was studied and compared with published cases. Forty osteosarcomas were identified among 4,221 cases, representing 0.95 % ...
Alharbi R A - - 2012
The HOX genes are a highly conserved family of homeodomain-containing transcription factors that specify cell identity in early development and, subsequently, in a number of adult processes including hematopoiesis. The dysregulation of HOX genes is associated with a number of malignancies including acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoid leukemia ...
Kountouri Aggeliki M - - 2012
Colorectal cancer is one of the major causes of cancer-related mortality in humans in both developed and developing countries. Dietary patterns influence the risk of colon cancer development, while plant-derived foods have gained great interest, due to the high content of antioxidants. Corinthian raisins (Currants, CR) and Sultanas (S) (Vitis ...
Oksaharju Anna - - 2012
A high-fat diet disturbs the composition and function of the gut microbiota and generates local gut-associated and also systemic responses. Intestinal mast cells, for their part, secrete mediators which play a role in the orchestration of physiological and immunological functions of the intestine. Probiotic bacteria, again, help to maintain the ...
Dominick Sally A SA Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2013
Lymphedema is a significant health problem faced by a large percentage of breast cancer survivors. The Women's Healthy Eating and Living (WHEL) Study has a unique dataset collected after the completion of breast cancer treatment, which allowed a focused analysis of risk factors for breast cancer-related lymphedema. Participant characteristics, treatment ...
Kimori Yoshitaka - - 2012
In this paper, we described our attempt to characterize rough 3-D feature of the structural analogue of the key-intermediate of myosin's crossbridge cycle. Utilizing quick-freeze deep-etch replica electron microscopy, we observed that actin-attached myosin during in vitro sliding was bent superficially as postulated in the conventional hypothesis, but toward the ...
Takeuchi Hikaru - - 2012
Achievement motivation can be defined as a recurrent need to improve one's past performance. Despite previous functional imaging studies on motivation-related functional activation, the relationship between regional gray matter (rGM) morphology and achievement motivation has never been investigated. We used voxel-based morphometry and a questionnaire (achievement motivation scale) to measure ...
Sun B F - - 2012
Eukaryotic horizontal gene transfer (HGT) events are increasingly being discovered yet few reports have summarized multiple occurrences in a wide range of species. We systematically investigated HGT events in the order Lepidoptera by employing a series of filters. Bombyx mori, Danaus plexippus and Heliconius melpomene had 13, 12 and 12 ...
Eva Kevin W KW Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. - - 2012
There has been difficulty designing medical school admissions processes that provide valid measurement of candidates' nonacademic qualities. To determine whether students deemed acceptable through a revised admissions protocol using a 12-station multiple mini-interview (MMI) outperform others on the 2 parts of the Canadian national licensing examinations (Medical Council of Canada ...
Mojid Mondol Mohamad Abdul - - 2012
In the course of our ongoing research for antimicrobial agents, we isolated five new compounds, three 24-membered macrolactones, macrolactins X-Z (1-3) and two hydroxy unsaturated fatty acids, linieodolides A (5) and B (6), together with a known metabolite, macrolactinic acid (4), from the culture broth of a marine Bacillus sp. ...
Nagy K - - 2012
Background/Objectives:The vitamin E derivative, α-tocopheryl acetate, is often included in formulations used in enteral nutrition. In this respect, we compared α-tocopherol and α-tocopheryl acetate absorption under 'maldigestion' conditions, such as occurring during enteral tube feeding, using differentially labeled RRR-[5,7-methyl-((2)H(6))]-α-tocopherol and RRR-[5-methyl-(2)H(3)]-α-tocopheryl acetate allowing direct comparison between free and esterified forms.Subjects/Methods:The ...
Hunt John S JS Jr Department of Radiology, Center for Functional MRI, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0677, - - 2013
Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a sensitive indicator of cerebral hypoxia. We investigated if apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and transverse relaxation (T(2)) predict symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS), or merely indicate the AMS phenotype irrespective of symptoms. Fourteen normal subjects were studied in two groups; unambiguous AMS and ...
Han Yi - - 2012
Glutathione is a determinant of cellular redox state with roles in defence and detoxification. Emerging concepts suggest that this compound also has functions in cellular signalling. Here, we report evidence that glutathione plays potentially important roles in setting signalling strength through the jasmonic acid (JA) pathway. First, we show that ...
Saavedra-Montañez Manuel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we analyzed the presence of antibodies to four different influenza viruses (pH1N1, hH1N1, swH1N1, and swH3N2) in the sera of 2094 backyard pigs from Mexico City. The sera were obtained between 2000 and 2009. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective ...
Howard David L - - 2012
To determine what factors are predictive of post-Essure hysterosalpingogram (HSG) compliance. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent the Essure procedure at the two campuses of the Truman Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri, from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2010. Our study population consisted primarily ...
Najajreh Yousef - - 2012
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by the presence of p210(Bcr-Abl) which exhibits an abnormal kinase activity. Selective Abl kinase inhibitors have been successfully established for the treatment of CML. Despite high rates of clinical response, CML patients can develop resistance against these kinase inhibitors mainly due to point mutations ...
Chatterjee Saurav - - 2012
The two newer antiplatelet drugs, prasugrel and ticagrelor have both been incorporated in various national guidelines and are both under consideration for approval or have already been approved by various drug regulatory authorities. Mortality benefits with clopidogrel were comparable to newer anti-platelets, and prasugrel had great anti-ischemic potency than ticagrelor. ...
Chang Jia-Lin - - 2012
We have developed an analytical approach for computing Franck-Condon integrals (FCIs) of harmonic oscillators (HOs) with arbitrary dimensions in which the mode-mixing Duschinsky effect is taken into account. A general formula of FCIs of HOs was obtained and was applied to study the photoelectron spectroscopy of vinyl alcohol and ovalene ...
Krupinska Karin - - 2012
Investigations over many decades have revealed that nucleoids of higher plant plastids are highly dynamic with regard to their number, their structural organization and protein composition. Membrane attachment and environmental cues seem to determine the activity and functionality of the nucleoids and point to a highly regulated structure-function relationship. The ...
Miao Y-W YW Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources & Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming, - - 2013
Domestic chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) fulfill various roles ranging from food and entertainment to religion and ornamentation. To survey its genetic diversity and trace the history of domestication, we investigated a total of 4938 mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) fragments including 2843 previously published and 2095 de novo units from 2044 domestic ...
Canullo Luigi - - 2012
AIM: To assess and characterize pollution micro-particles and bacterial growth on customized titanium abutments after steaming, ultrasonic and plasma cleaning treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty commercially available implant abutments, after customization, were randomly divided into 3 groups of 10 and cleansed by steam (considered as control group), ultrasonic cleaning (test ...
Khlebnikov Vsevolod - - 2012
Platinum(ii) complexes comprising abnormal diimidazolylidene ligands were synthesized from cis-PtMe(2)(DMSO)(2) using microwave-assisted double C-H bond activation. NMR analysis revealed an unusual solvolysis process, induced by coordinating solvents such as DMSO and MeCN, which has not been observed in related normal dicarbene complexes. NMR and IR spectroscopy and crystallographic analysis of ...
Pinquart Martin - - 2012
The present meta-analysis integrates results from 127 papers on attachment stability towards mothers and fathers, respectively, from infancy to early adulthood. More than twenty-one thousand attachments (n = 21,072) and 225 time intervals were explored, ranging from half a month to 29 years (348 months). An overall coefficient of r = .39 between times ...
Fatfouta Ramzi - - 2012
We focus on two aspects: First, we argue that it is necessary to include implicit forgiveness as an additional adaptive behavioral option to the perception of interpersonal transgressions. Second, we present one possible way to investigate the cognitive-affective underpinnings of revenge and forgiveness: a functional MRI (fMRI) approach aiming at ...
Lee Shu-Chen - - 2012
Dietary pattern changes may be one of the key factors associated with increasing asthma prevalence. Observational studies have found negative associations between fruit, vegetable and fish consumption and risk of asthma. Experimental studies have also shown that probiotics can modulate the immune system. However, each dietary component exhibits a modest ...
Holbrook Colin - - 2012
We question whether the postulated revenge and forgiveness systems constitute true adaptations. Revenge and forgiveness are the products of multiple motivational systems and capacities, many of which did not exclusively evolve to support deterrence. Anger is more aptly construed as an adaptation that organizes independent mechanisms to deter transgressors than ...
Li Yue - - 2012
In this paper, we focus on the multiple-channel reactions of CH(2)XO (X = F, Cl, Br) radicals with the NO radical by means of direct dynamic methods. All structures of the stationary points were obtained at the MP2/6-311+G(d,p) level and vibrational frequency analysis was also performed at this level of ...
Jiang Bo - - 2012
Fibroblasts can be reprogrammed by ectopic expression of reprogramming factors to yield induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that are capable of transdifferentiating into diverse types of somatic cell lines. In this study, we examined if functional cardiomyocytes (CMs) can be produced from mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), using iPS cell factor-based ...
Marteau Léna L CNRS, UMR 6301 ISTCT, CERVOxy Group, GIP CYCERON, CAEN Cedex, - - 2013
Most forms of cerebral ischemia are characterized by damage to the entire neurovascular unit, which leads to an increase in the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In response to permanent focal cerebral ischemia in mice, we detected an early concomitant increase in the expression of the vascular endothelial growth ...
Yardley Sarah - - 2012
This paper addresses the question 'what are the variables influencing social interactions and learning during Authentic Early Experience (AEE)?' AEE is a complex educational intervention for new medical students. Following critique of the existing literature, multiple qualitative methods were used to create a study framework conceptually orientated to a socio-cultural ...
Cisternino Salvatore S INSERM U705, CNRS UMR 8206, Pharmacocinétique, Faculté de Pharmacie, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Diderot, Université Paris Descartes, 4, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75006 Paris, France. - - 2013
Nicotine, the main tobacco alkaloid leading to smoking dependence, rapidly crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to become concentrated in the brain. Recently, it has been shown that nicotine interacts with some organic cation transporters (OCT), but their influence at the BBB has not yet been assessed in vivo. In this ...
Crisp Richard J - - 2012
McCullough et al. argue that humans possess evolved computational systems for implementing retaliatory behavior that both deters aggression and promotes subsequent reconciliation. However, they do not apply this analysis to the sphere of intergroup relations. We believe their model can be usefully extended to this domain and discuss why this ...
Olayiwola Ibiyemi O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conceived in response to a perceived lack of data about the nutritional status of free-living elderly Yoruba people living in a poor urban area in south-western Nigeria. The major focus was to assess the micronutrient status of elderly Yoruba people living in a slum of ...
Yu Rongjun - - 2012
McCullough et al. argue that revenge has a future-oriented function, that is, to deter future harms by changing other individuals' incentives toward the self. Recent research has shown that people seek revenge even when harms are unintentional. This commentary reports these results and proposes that revenge may also serve to ...
Smith Lucas R LR Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, CA, - - 2013
Satellite cells are the stem cells residing in muscle responsible for skeletal muscle growth and repair. Skeletal muscle in cerebral palsy (CP) has impaired longitudinal growth that results in muscle contractures. We hypothesized that the satellite cell population would be reduced in contractured muscle. We compared the satellite cell populations ...
Crosby Edward - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss the impact of clinical practice guidelines on the outcomes of care and patient safety. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The care provided to patients has a high degree of variability, including some care that is discordant with available evidence. This inconsistency has implications ...
Walczyk Wiktoria - - 2012
To date, TM AFM (tapping mode or intermittent contact mode Atomic Force Microscopy) is the most frequently applied direct imaging technique to visualize surface nanobubbles at the solid-aqueous interface. On the one hand, AFM is the only profilometric technique that provides estimates of the bubbles' nanoscopic dimensions. On the other ...
Muzzi Mirko M Department of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology University of Florence, Florence, Italy. - - 2013
In light of the relevance of therapeutic hypothermia to stroke treatment, we investigated whether 5'-adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-dependent cooling affords protection from ischemic brain injury. We show that hypothermia by AMP is because of adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) activation and is not invariantly associated with hypotension. Inhibition of ecto-5'-nucleotidase-dependent constitutive degradation ...
van der Meide Hanneke - - 2012
Phenomenological healthcare research should include the lived experiences of a broad group of healthcare users. In this paper it is shown how shadowing can give a voice to people in vulnerable situations who are often excluded from interview studies. Shadowing is an observational method in which the researcher observes an ...
Yamashita Suguru - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although portal vein embolization (PVE) has been applied for surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases (CLM), the clinical usefulness of liver surgery following PVE for CLM remains unknown. METHODS: A total of 115 patients were evaluated retrospectively. Among them, 49 underwent one-stage hepatectomy following PVE (PVE group). The remaining ...
Meirmans P G PG Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Polyploids are traditionally classified into allopolyploids and autopolyploids, based on their evolutionary origin and their disomic or multisomic mode of inheritance. Over the past decade it has become increasingly clear that there is a continuum between disomic and multisomic inheritance, with the rate of tetrasomy differing among species and among ...
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