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Khlebnikov Vsevolod - - 2012
Platinum(ii) complexes comprising abnormal diimidazolylidene ligands were synthesized from cis-PtMe(2)(DMSO)(2) using microwave-assisted double C-H bond activation. NMR analysis revealed an unusual solvolysis process, induced by coordinating solvents such as DMSO and MeCN, which has not been observed in related normal dicarbene complexes. NMR and IR spectroscopy and crystallographic analysis of ...
Pinquart Martin - - 2012
The present meta-analysis integrates results from 127 papers on attachment stability towards mothers and fathers, respectively, from infancy to early adulthood. More than twenty-one thousand attachments (n = 21,072) and 225 time intervals were explored, ranging from half a month to 29 years (348 months). An overall coefficient of r = .39 between times ...
Fatfouta Ramzi - - 2012
We focus on two aspects: First, we argue that it is necessary to include implicit forgiveness as an additional adaptive behavioral option to the perception of interpersonal transgressions. Second, we present one possible way to investigate the cognitive-affective underpinnings of revenge and forgiveness: a functional MRI (fMRI) approach aiming at ...
Lee Shu-Chen - - 2012
Dietary pattern changes may be one of the key factors associated with increasing asthma prevalence. Observational studies have found negative associations between fruit, vegetable and fish consumption and risk of asthma. Experimental studies have also shown that probiotics can modulate the immune system. However, each dietary component exhibits a modest ...
Holbrook Colin - - 2012
We question whether the postulated revenge and forgiveness systems constitute true adaptations. Revenge and forgiveness are the products of multiple motivational systems and capacities, many of which did not exclusively evolve to support deterrence. Anger is more aptly construed as an adaptation that organizes independent mechanisms to deter transgressors than ...
Li Yue - - 2012
In this paper, we focus on the multiple-channel reactions of CH(2)XO (X = F, Cl, Br) radicals with the NO radical by means of direct dynamic methods. All structures of the stationary points were obtained at the MP2/6-311+G(d,p) level and vibrational frequency analysis was also performed at this level of ...
Jiang Bo - - 2012
Fibroblasts can be reprogrammed by ectopic expression of reprogramming factors to yield induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that are capable of transdifferentiating into diverse types of somatic cell lines. In this study, we examined if functional cardiomyocytes (CMs) can be produced from mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), using iPS cell factor-based ...
Yardley Sarah - - 2012
This paper addresses the question 'what are the variables influencing social interactions and learning during Authentic Early Experience (AEE)?' AEE is a complex educational intervention for new medical students. Following critique of the existing literature, multiple qualitative methods were used to create a study framework conceptually orientated to a socio-cultural ...
Crisp Richard J - - 2012
McCullough et al. argue that humans possess evolved computational systems for implementing retaliatory behavior that both deters aggression and promotes subsequent reconciliation. However, they do not apply this analysis to the sphere of intergroup relations. We believe their model can be usefully extended to this domain and discuss why this ...
Olayiwola Ibiyemi O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conceived in response to a perceived lack of data about the nutritional status of free-living elderly Yoruba people living in a poor urban area in south-western Nigeria. The major focus was to assess the micronutrient status of elderly Yoruba people living in a slum of ...
Yu Rongjun - - 2012
McCullough et al. argue that revenge has a future-oriented function, that is, to deter future harms by changing other individuals' incentives toward the self. Recent research has shown that people seek revenge even when harms are unintentional. This commentary reports these results and proposes that revenge may also serve to ...
Crosby Edward - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss the impact of clinical practice guidelines on the outcomes of care and patient safety. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The care provided to patients has a high degree of variability, including some care that is discordant with available evidence. This inconsistency has implications ...
Walczyk Wiktoria - - 2012
To date, TM AFM (tapping mode or intermittent contact mode Atomic Force Microscopy) is the most frequently applied direct imaging technique to visualize surface nanobubbles at the solid-aqueous interface. On the one hand, AFM is the only profilometric technique that provides estimates of the bubbles' nanoscopic dimensions. On the other ...
Petrović Zoran - - 2012
A total of 84 European hares collected from eleven Serbian regions investigated upon cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) presence. Strong statistically significant correlations between Cd concentrations in kidney and liver were registered in animals older than 12 months. Significant differences between Zn concentrations in liver in comparison to kidney were found ...
Shigemori Suguru - - 2012
Proteins from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) are strong allergens that can cause serious symptoms, including anaphylaxis, in patients with hypersensitivity. In this study, we successfully developed a modified lactic acid bacterial vector (pNSH) and a recombinant strain of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 (NZ9000) that produced a major allergenic storage protein of buckwheat, ...
Wu Yujun - - 2012
When several treatment arms are administered along with a control arm in a trial, dropping the non-promising treatments at an early stage helps to save the resources and expedite the trial. In such adaptive designs with treatment selection, a common selection rule is to pick the most promising treatment, for ...
Erdman Natasha - - 2012
Previously, imaging and analysis with cathodoluminescence (CL) detectors required using high accelerating voltages. Utilization of lower accelerating voltage for microanalysis has the advantages of reduced beam-specimen interaction volume, and thus better spatial resolution, as well as reduction in electron beam induced damage. This article will highlight recent developments in field ...
Anninga Jakob K - - 2012
Osteosarcomas of hands or feet are rare, and seemingly these cases differ in presentation and behavior compared to those in usual locations. The clinico-pathological presentation of patients with osteosarcomas of the hand or foot was studied and compared with published cases. Forty osteosarcomas were identified among 4,221 cases, representing 0.95 % ...
Wen Lv - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tamoxifen (TAM), methoxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and their combined treatment on cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer SKOV3/DDP cells, as well as the potential mechanisms. METHODS: MTT assay was used to investigate the effect of different concentrations (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and ...
Corli O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dealing with cancer pain implies assessing the intensity and other attributes of pain and identifying appropriate outcomes and endpoints to evaluate the effect of treatments. METHODS: In the context of an observational longitudinal prospective study, 1461 painful cancer patients were evaluated at baseline and weekly over 4 weeks. Four ...
Sànchez-Nogué B - - 2012
The common sole, Solea solea (Linneus, 1758), and the Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis (Kaup, 1858), are two important commercial species that coexist in the NW Mediterranean. In order to assess the species' ability to respond to chemical insults, a comparison of activities on enzymes involved in xenobiotic metabolism was carried ...
Roberts S Craig - - 2012
McCullough et al. propose an evolved cognitive revenge system which imposes retaliatory costs on aggressors. They distinguish between this and other forms of punishment (e.g., those administered by judges) which are not underpinned by a specifically designed evolutionary mechanism. Here we outline mechanisms and circumstances through which the revenge system ...
Gao Hua - - 2012
This study aims to establish pilocarpine-induced rat model of status epilepticus (SE), observe the activity of calpain I in the rat hippocampus and the subsequent neuronal death, and explore the relationship between calpain I activity and neuronal death in the hippocampus. Fifty-eight adult male Wistar rats were assigned randomly into ...
Kitagawa Sayuri - - 2012
PURPOSE OF WORK: To elucidate the mechanisms of high performance by soy peptides during yeast fermentation in low temperature stress conditions and to identify a type of soy peptide that is suitable for yeast fermentation at low temperatures during brewing. The growth of a tryptophan auxotrophic yeast strain in a ...
Wallace Bret D - - 2012
Xenobiotic compounds undergo a critical range of biotransformations performed by the phase I, II, and III drug-metabolizing enzymes. The oxidation, conjugation, and transportation of potentially harmful xenobiotic and endobiotic compounds achieved by these catalytic systems are significantly regulated, at the gene expression level, by members of the nuclear receptor (NR) ...
Weichenthal Scott - - 2012
Few studies have examined indoor air quality in First Nations communities and its impact on cardiorespiratory health. To address this need, we conducted a cross-over study on a First Nations reserve in Manitoba, Canada including 37 residents in 20 homes. Each home received an electrostatic air filter and a placebo ...
Uhlmann Eric Luis - - 2012
McCullough et al.'s functionalist model of revenge is highly compatible with the person-centered approach to moral judgment, which emphasizes the adaptive manner in which social perceivers derive character information from moral acts. Evidence includes act-person dissociations in which an act is seen as less immoral than a comparison act, yet ...
Stein Dan Joseph - - 2012
Insofar as South Africa underwent a rapid transformation from apartheid to democracy, it may provide a unique laboratory for investigating aspects of revenge and forgiveness. Here we suggest that observations and data from South Africa are partially consistent with the hypotheses generated by MCullough and colleagues. At the same time, ...
Pellikaan W F - - 2012
The aim of the current study was to explore the use of the tracer 13C as an internal marker to assess feed fraction-specific digesta passage kinetics through the digestive tract of dairy cows. Knowledge on feed-specific fractional passage rates is essential to improve estimations on the extent of rumen degradation ...
Arun Babu Thirunavukkarasu - - 2012
Accidental sand aspiration is an unusual but potentially life-threatening condition in children. Sand aspiration often occurs in cases of near drowning and accidental burial in sand. The authors report a case of accidental sand aspiration in a 14-mo-old girl while she was playing with sand. Though child was symptomatic and ...
Hour Mann-Jen - - 2012
6-(N,N-Dimethylamino)-2-(naphthalene-1-yl)-4-quinazolinone (DPQZ)-induced apoptosis was accompanied by the characteristics of DNA fragmentation and phosphatidylserine externalization in human oral cancer HSC-3 cells. The IC(50) (half maximal inhibitory concentration) value of DPQZ is about 0.25 μM at 24 h. The interference in the dynamics of tubulin and cell division of DPQZ, like vinblastine (0.01 μM), has ...
Pennelli Gianmaria - - 2012
Both the morphogenesis and the molecular pathways of thyroid cancers are controversial. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a tumor suppressor gene whose expression is controlled by miR-21. By applying immunohistochemistry for PDCD4 and both quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization for miR-21, this study explored PDCD4 expression ...
Sato S - - 2012
Although many of the biological features of microfold cells (M cells) have been known for many years, the molecular mechanisms of M-cell development and antigen recognition have remained unclear. Here, we report that Umod is a novel M-cell-specific gene, the translation products of which might contribute to the uptake function ...
Liu Xiangjun - - 2012
In this paper, we describe a turn-on fluorescent probe for Zn(2+) and Cd(2+) ion detection and discrimination. This probe, N'-bis-(N,N-di-(2-pyridylmethyl)-ethane-1,2-diamine)-perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic-diimide (PDI-DIDPA), exhibits very low fluorescence at pH above 6.0 due to the photo-induced electron transfer (PET) process from 2-pyridylmethyl-amine (DPA) to perylene tetracarboxylic diimide (PDI). Zn(2+) and Cd(2+) can chelate ...
Mukerji N - - 2012
Background. Maintenance of on-call referrals databases is on the rise in neurosurgical units across the UK and helps provide data to estimate workload. We hypothesize that these databases underestimate the workload and propose the use of the number of telephone calls to the on-call registrar as an easily obtainable and ...
He Hongzhi - - 2012
Individual and joint toxicity of three chloroacetanilide herbicides to a freshwater cladoceran were studied. The 48 h-LC(50) values of alachlor, acetochlor and butachlor to Daphnia carinata Dc42 were 11.1, 11.8 and 3.45 mg L(-1), respectively. The toxicity was significantly (p < 0.05) related to hydrophobicity. The additive indexes of binary mixtures of three herbicides were ...
Veyrie Nicolas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Because of the lack of published data and the relative rarity of lateral incisional hernia (LIH), their repair remains a major challenge for surgeons. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of LIH treated by the retromuscular approach (RMA) with a polyester standard mesh. METHODS: ...
Edward Raja Chellaiah - - 2012
Boron is an essential micronutrient for plants, but can above certain concentrations be toxic to living organisms. A major environmental concern is the removal of boron from contaminated water and fly ash. For this purpose, the samples were collected from a fly ash dumping site, Nagasaki prefecture, Japan. The chemical ...
Burke Brian - - 2012
The nuclear lamina is an important structural determinant for the nuclear envelope as a whole, attaching chromatin domains to the nuclear periphery and localizing some nuclear envelope proteins. The major components of the lamina are the A-type and B-type lamins, which are members of the intermediate filament protein family. Whereas ...
Salomon Carmela - - 2012
In light of the high number of people discontinuing antipsychotics each year, it is essential that nurses develop a robust understanding of all aspects of the discontinuation experience. While there is a large body of published work documenting post-discontinuation relapse rates, less is known about other aspects of the discontinuation ...
Räisänen Sari - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) following birth may have serious, long-term effects on affected women, including fecal incontinence, despite primary repair. METHODS: This was a retrospective population-based register study. Women with OASIS grouped by order of vaginal delivery and prior cesarean section (CS) were compared separately with ...
Mendonca K - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present report describes the distribution of breast milk and urinary free and total bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations, from 27 postpartum women and their 31 infants, and explores the influence of age, sex, and nutritional source on infant BPA urinary concentration. METHODS: Both free (unconjugated) and total (free plus ...
Rebello Sharrel - - 2012
The utility of rhamnolipids in industry is currently limited due to the high constraints in its economic production. In this scenario, the novel utility of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) as carbon source could serve as promising cost-effective strategy. Screening of effective SDS biodegraders led to the isolation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
Yoo Jeong Joon - - 2012
PURPOSE: In an alumina-on-alumina total hip arthroplasty (THA), recommended with a small inclination angle <45°, the acetabular component (cup) may be positioned more medially to be covered almost completely by host bone. The purpose of this study was to identify the correlating factors and to evaluate the outcomes of medial placement ...
Liang Mike K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ventral hernia repairs are one of the most common surgeries performed. Symptoms are the most common motivation for repair. Unfortunately, outcomes of repair are typically measured in recurrence and infection rather than patient focused results. We correlated factors associated with decreased patient satisfaction, chronic pain, and diminished functional status ...
Happell Brenda - - 2012
People with serious mental illness (SMI) die prematurely from common physical illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. These cardiometabolic risks are preventable and manageable yet these aspects of health care have been neglected in mental health services. A potential nurse-based strategy to decisively improve cardiometabolic health of people with ...
Lukose Binit - - 2012
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are a class of covalently linked crystalline nanoporous materials, versatile for nanoelectronic and storage applications. 3D COFs, in particular, have very large pores and low mass densities. Extensive theoretical studies of their energetic and mechanical stability, as well as their electronic properties, have been carried out ...
Bastier Pierre-Louis - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical features, radiological findings, treatment and outcomes of three cases of endolymphatic sac tumors (ELST). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of three cases of ELST. RESULTS: The first patient had a large ELST invading the labyrinth after a long history of vertigo. He was recurrence-free 1 year after retrolabyrinthine ...
Sun Wenjun - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of a temporally incoherent ('noise') magnetic field (MF) on radiofrequency radiation (RFR)-induced epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor clustering and phosporylation in cultured cells. Materials and methods: Human amniotic epithelial (FL) cells were exposed for 15 min to either a ...
Joshi Shareen - - 2012
We analyze the impact of an experimental maternal and child health and family planning program that was established in Matlab, Bangladesh, in 1977. Village data from 1974, 1982, and 1996 suggest that program villages experienced a decline in fertility of about 17 %. Household data from 1996 confirm that this decline ...
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