Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 4108
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Toepfner N - - 2012
Rapid antigen detection tests (RADT) are widely used for the rapid diagnosis of group A streptococcal (GAS) tonsillopharyngitis. In a prospective 3-year study, the reliability of two different RADT methods was compared, as performed by lab technicians versus physicians. Sensitivity and specificity, as well as positive and negative predictive values, ...
Tsakogiannis D - - 2012
The rate of evolution of the human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) genome is low. However, the ability of the E6 oncoprotein to interact with distinct p53 variants causes selective pressure on the E6 gene. In addition, intratypic recombination events in the HPV16 E6 and E7 genes have been characterized as extraordinary ...
Yoo Jun Ho - - 2012
PURPOSE:Inferior oblique (IO) myectomy can result in self-adjustment; the greater the preoperative hyperdeviation, the larger the postoperative correction. This study estimated the effect of IO recession in primary position and in contralateral gaze. METHODS:Records of 43 patients with IO muscle overaction associated with congenital unilateral superior oblique palsy were reviewed ...
Winters A Marian - - 2012
Many haemodialysis patients have problems limiting their fluid intake, and this might be influenced by their self-efficacy. Thus interventions to improve patients' self-efficacy might lead to an improvement in their adherence to fluid restriction. The fluid intake appraisal inventory (FIAI) evaluates patients' self-efficacy with regard to fluid intake. The aim ...
Tsuda Hiroko - - 2012
PURPOSE: The morbidity rate of arteriosclerosis becomes clinically manifested as acute cardiovascular events. In the progress of atherosclerosis, the carotid artery calcifies and sometimes appears as a calcified mass on a cephalometric radiograph. This study was designed to evaluate cardiovascular risks according to the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) between subjects ...
Lange Rael T - - 2012
This study examined postconcussion symptom reporting within the first 5 years following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Participants were 167 U.S. military service members (Mean Age = 27.6 years; 74.3% blast; 96.4% male) who were evaluated following injuries sustained in theater during Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom (92.8%), or from ...
Pan Li Qiang - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is considered to be a promising anticancer agent because its active form TRAIL trimer is able to induce apoptosis in different tumor cell lines while sparing normal cells. However, TRAIL trimer possesses a short half-life and low stability, which turns out to be a ...
Aust V - - 2012
Non-saleable milk (waste milk, WM) is contaminated with an undefined spectrum of potentially harmful pathogens and antimicrobial residues. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of feeding bulk milk (BM) or WM - both pasteurized or not - on calf performance, health and the antibiotic resistance of ...
Neidert M C - - 2012
PURPOSE: Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare clinical entity. We present a case of atypical contrast enhancement pattern in a chronic epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine mimicking an extradural tumor. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old man on treatment with oral anticoagulants presented with a 1-month history of lower back pain ...
Kouridaki Antonia - - 2012
A non-classical route to the key CDE-ring fragment of the pectenotoxins has been developed which showcases a remarkable singlet oxygen-mediated cascade reaction sequence to install the complete DE ring system.
Baker B G BG School of Molecular Medical Sciences and Cellular Pathology, Nottingham University Hospitals and University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2013
Basal-like tumours (BP) are a poor prognostic class of breast cancer but remain a biologically and clinically heterogeneous group. We have previously identified two novel genes PPARα (positive) and GMPR2 (negative) whose expression was significantly associated with BP at the transcriptome level. In this study, using a large and well-characterised ...
Vu Ak Jasna - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The association between hyperuricemia, hypertension, and diabetes has been proved to have strong association with the risk for cardiovascular diseases, but it is not clear whether hyperuricemia is related to the early stages of hypertension and diabetes. Therefore, in this study we investigated the association between hyperuricemia, prediabetes, ...
Kang Hung-Soo - - 2012
The aim of this prospective single-blind randomized controlled study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of high dose intravenous vitamin C (HDVC) added to systemic steroid in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). Between August 2010 and August 2011, 72 ISSNHL patients who participated in this study were ...
Kaufmann Kerstin B KB Institute for Biomedical Research, Georg-Speyer-Haus, Frankfurt, - - 2013
Comparative integrome analysis has revealed that the most neutral integration pattern among retroviruses is attributed to alpharetroviruses. We chose X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) as model to evaluate the potential of self-inactivating (SIN) alpharetroviral vectors for gene therapy of monogenic diseases. Therefore, we combined the alpharetroviral vector backbone with the ...
Cruz-Sanchez Teresita M - - 2012
Epidemiological associations of worse respiratory outcomes from combined exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) and respiratory viral infection suggest possible interactions between PM and viruses. To characterize outcomes of such exposures, we developed an in vitro mimic of the in vivo event of exposure to PM contaminated with Respiratory Syncytial ...
Zhou Yi-Ge - - 2012
The kinetics of proton reduction are reported for Ni and NiO surfaces and compared to that measured at Ni@NiO nanoparticles. Kinetic acceleration is found to occur by virtue of oxide overlayers and not due to size effects on the nanoscale.
van den Brink Anne M A - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Aging societies will be confronted with increased numbers of long-term care (LTC) residents with multimorbidity of physical and mental disorders other than dementia. Knowledge about the prevalence rates, medical and psychosocial characteristics, and care needs of this particular group of residents is mandatory for providing high-quality and evidence-based ...
Sklenářová Hana - - 2012
This work describes a comparison of three types of commercial high-performance liquid chromatography silica monolithic columns with different inner diameters and generations of monolithic sorbent: a "classic" monolithic column, the first generation (Onyx™ monolithic C(18), 100 mm × 4.6 mm, Phenomenex); a "narrow" monolithic column for fast separation at lower flow rates (Chromolith® Performance ...
Karvala Kirsi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the long-term effects on work ability among patients previously diagnosed with occupational asthma (OA) or work-exacerbated asthma (WEA) or symptoms in relation to workplace dampness. METHODS: A questionnaire follow-up was used to study 1,098 patients (of whom 87 % were female) examined because of a suspected occupational respiratory ...
Jarupongprapa Saharat - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting and inconsistent data regarding the gastrointestinal (GI) protective effect of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors and of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) plus proton-pump inhibitors (PPI). AIM: To compare the adverse GI effects between COX-2 inhibitors and NSAIDs plus PPI. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized trials ...
Sato Yoshinori - - 2012
Background: Lithium is widely used to treat to bipolar disorders. Lithium intoxication is generally due to inappropriately high doses of lithium or impaired lithium excretion. Most lithium is eliminated via the kidneys and, since thyroid hormone increases tubular reabsorption of lithium, thyrotoxicosis could contribute to the development of lithium intoxication. ...
Sumerin Victor - - 2012
The use of frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) as hydrogenation catalysts is attracting increasing attention as one of the most modern and rapidly growing areas of organic chemistry, with many research groups around the world working on this subject. Since the pioneering studies of the groups of Stephan and Piers on ...
Brozinick J T JT Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA. - - 2013
The intake of a Western diet enriched in animal fat has been shown to be a major risk factor for Type 2 diabetes and obesity. Previous rodent studies have indicated that these conditions may be triggered by the accumulation of the sphingolipid ceramide in insulin-sensitive tissues. However, data are lacking ...
Corbisiero Salvatore - - 2012
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common condition in adulthood. The disorder is characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Alongside these symptoms, it is discussed whether symptoms of emotional dysregulation could add additional and better description of the psychopathology of ADHD. Neither the current ICD-10 and DSM-IV nor the ...
Grippaudo F R - - 2012
PURPOSE: Scintigraphy with radiolabelled autologous white blood cells (WBC) is a widely used method for the detection of sites of infection. In this study we evaluated the role of WBC scintigraphy in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with suspected soft tissue infection caused by dermal fillers in the face. ...
Kim Seong-Gi SG Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
The cerebral blood volume (CBV) is a crucial physiological indicator of tissue viability and vascular reactivity. Thus, noninvasive CBV mapping has been of great interest. For this, ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles, including monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticles, can be used as long-half-life, intravascular susceptibility agents of CBV MRI measurements. ...
Stasiuk Graeme J - - 2012
Formyl Peptide Receptors (FPRs) are vital in the host inflammatory response, playing an important regulatory role in multiple diseases. A Gd(iii) DOTA conjugate of cFLFLFK has been synthesised which targets and visualises FPR1 upon leukocytes in the inflammatory response via magnetic resonance imaging for the first time.
Porter Eileen J - - 2012
During a longitudinal study of the experience of reaching help quickly, 34 homebound women (ages 85 to 97) who lived alone reported 106 reach-help-quickly incidents (RHQIs). The purpose of this study was to expand knowledge about RHQIs and intentions relative to them and to compare those facets of experience for ...
Liu Xiao X Department of Radiology, Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Minnesota, 2021 6th St. SE, Minneapoli, MN 55455, - - 2013
Spatiotemporal correlations of spontaneous blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signals measured in the resting brain have been found to imply many resting-state coherent networks under both awake/conscious and anesthetized/unconscious conditions. To understand the resting-state brain networks in the unconscious state, spontaneous BOLD signals from the rat sensorimotor cortex were studied ...
Okada Takuya - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and long-term results of endovascular stent graft placement for ureteroarterial fistula (UAF). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed stent graft placement for UAF performed at our institution from 2004 to 2012. Fistula location was assessed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and angiography, and freedom from hematuria ...
Heo M M Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. - - 2013
Body mass index (BMI; weight (Wt)/height (Ht) (in kg m(-2)) and waist circumference (WC) are widely used as proxy anthropometric measures for total adiposity. Little is known about what scaling power of 'x' in both Wt(kg)/Ht(m)(x) and WC(m)/Ht(m)(x) is maximally associated with measured total body fat mass (TBFM). Establishing values for ...
Nigam Shubha - - 2012
To evaluate the biosorption efficacy of submerged aquatic plant Hydrilla verticilata for arsenic uptake from drinking water. H. verticillata, a submerged aquatic plant was utilized successfully for arsenic uptake from aqueous solution. Batch studies with various parameters viz. pH, sorbent dose, contact time, initial metal ion concentration, and temperature were ...
Jiang Yingnan - - 2012
Plant genomes encode a large number of proteins that potentially function as immune receptors to defend against pathogen invasion. As a well-characterized receptor kinase consisting of 23 tandem leucine-rich repeats, a transmembrane domain, and a serine/threonine kinase, the rice (Oryza sativa) protein XA21 confers resistance to a broad-spectrum of Xanthomonas ...
Charoenphandhu Narattaphol - - 2012
Estrogen deficiency increases the risk of anxiety and mood disorders, presumably by deranging metabolism of the monoamine neurotransmitters and the expression of their reuptake transporters in the brain. Although estrogen-deficient individuals were also susceptible to stress, little was known regarding the effect of stress on the levels of transcripts related ...
Guidozzi F - - 2012
ABSTRACT Sleep disorders in the menopause are common. Although these disorders may be due to the menopause itself and / or the associated vasomotor symptoms, the etiology is multi factorial and includes a number of other associated conditions. They may simply arise as part of the aging process and not ...
Webb Nicholas J A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A previous subgroup analysis of a 12-week, double-blind study demonstrated that losartan significantly lowered proteinuria versus placebo and amlodipine and was well tolerated in children (1-17 years old) with proteinuria secondary to Alport syndrome. The present subgroup analysis of the open-label, extension phase of this study assessed the long-term efficacy ...
Han Sang-Oh SO Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, - - 2013
β-arrestin 1 and 2 (also known as arrestin 2 and 3) are homologous adaptor proteins that regulate seven-transmembrane receptor trafficking and signalling. Other proteins with predicted 'arrestin-like' structural domains but lacking sequence homology have been indicated to function like β-arrestin in receptor regulation. We demonstrate that β-arrestin2 is the primary ...
Kurian Jessica - - 2012
Historically, the evaluation of renovascular hypertension has been accomplished by US, renal scintigraphy and digital subtraction angiography. Based on its high accuracy reported in adults renal CT angiography (CTA) with pediatric-appropriate low radiation dose techniques has become an important tool in the workup of renovascular hypertension in children. Renal CTA ...
Kikolski Steven G - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation to treat cirrhosis-related chylous collections (chylothorax and chylous ascites). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from four patients treated for refractory cirrhosis-related chylous collections with TIPS at our institution over an 8 year period. RESULTS: ...
Hasegawa Koji - - 2012
Molecular interactions of the three plastoquinone electron acceptors, Q(A), Q(B), and Q(C), in photosystem II (PSII) were studied by fragment molecular orbital (FMO) calculations. Calculations at the FMO-MP2/6-31G level using PSII models deduced from the X-ray structure of the PSII complexes from Thermosynechococcus elongatus provided the binding energies of Q(A), ...
Swirski Filip K - - 2012
Macrophages are central regulators of disease progression in both atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI). In atherosclerosis, macrophages are the dominant leukocyte population that influences lesional development. In MI, which is caused by atherosclerosis, macrophages accumulate readily and have important roles in inflammation and healing. Molecular imaging has grown considerably as ...
Grinyó Josep M - - 2013
There is a continuing need for an immunosuppressive therapy that offers a high benefit-risk profile for renal transplant recipients, supporting long-term patient and graft survival while minimizing cumulative nephrotoxicity and other side effects. Belatacept , the first biological agent developed for primary maintenance immunosuppression, was recently approved for use in ...
Swarnam T P - - 2012
Vegetable samples of brinjal, okra, green chilli, crucifers, and cucurbits collected from farmers' field were tested for the presence of organochlorine (OC), organophosphorus (OP), and synthetic pyrethroid (SP) compounds using a gas chromatograph equipped with electron capture and flame thermionic detectors. Of the samples tested, 34.0 % were found to have ...
Kucukbayrak Abdulkadir - - 2012
Since the 1990s, blood donors have been scanned for anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibodies, which can be defined by enzyme immunoassay as a screening test. In this population, false-reactive ratios have been high. Recently, some authors have aimed to find a cutoff value for anti-HCV different from those established by ...
Sonali Nirmal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rivastigmine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor; the genotype data seen alongside the phenotype data explain the mutation or the molecular genetics involved and also help to relate the phenotype of an individual with their genotype. AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of CYP2D6, CYP3A4, CYP2C9/19, and UGT polymorphism on the ...
Bian Shelly X - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is a common pediatric glioma that is generally characterized by indolent growth. However, there are reports of PA disseminating throughout the central nervous system. Given the rarity of dissemination, the appropriate treatment for these patients is poorly defined. In this case series, we describe the clinical ...
Faller Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is currently under investigation as a highly sensitive and specific marker of alcohol misuse. As its stability in blood samples has not systematically been investigated, a study was performed to determine the stability of major PEth species in spiked and authentic whole blood and also in matching ...
Torres Jeremy Martin O - - 2012
Mangrove fungi are vastly unexplored for enzymes with industrial application. This study aimed to assess the biocatalytic activity of mangrove fungal xylanases on recycled paper pulp. Forty-four mangrove fungal (MF) isolates were initially screened for xylanolytic activity in minimal medium with corn cob xylan as the sole carbon source. Eight ...
Uehara K K Department of Rehabilitation for Movement Functions, Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Saitama, Japan. - - 2013
Retrospective study at a rehabilitation center. Patients with spinal cord injury, even if they are wheelchair users, sometimes suffer from fractures of the lower limb bones. As their bones are too weak to have surgery, and because a precise reduction is not required for restoration, such patients are often indicated ...
Cirocchi Roberto - - 2012
New technical approaches involving biologically derived products have been applied in the treatment for anal fistulas in order to avoid the risk of fecal incontinence. The aim of this review was to evaluate the scientific evidence present in the literature regarding these techniques. Trials comparing surgery (fistulotomy, advancement mucosal flap ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >