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Skorokhodova Alexandra Yu - - 2012
Two different approaches to activate the glyoxylate bypass in model Escherichia coli K-12 strains for succinate biosynthesis during dual-phase fermentation in minimal glucose media were examined. Inactivation of IclR and FadR, the transcriptional regulators of the aceBAK operon, were insufficient for the involvement of the glyoxylate bypass in anaerobic succinate ...
Austin Gregory L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:The adenoma detection rate (ADR) in screening colonoscopy is higher than original cost-effectiveness models estimated. Future colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is decreased once the ADR is 20%, but it is unclear how much additional protection is provided with higher ADRs. We modeled the impact of a high ADR on future ...
Secher Marion - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Weight loss and behavioral disturbances are frequent over the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and are risk factors for poor outcome. We investigated the impact of aberrant motor behavior (AMB) on weight changes in older adults with AD. The hypothesis that patients with AMB are more likely to lose ...
Thor Maria - - 2012
Background and purpose. Internal organ motion over a course of radiotherapy (RT) leads to uncertainties in the actual delivered dose distributions. In studies predicting RT morbidity, the single estimate of the delivered dose provided by the treatment planning computed tomography (pCT) is typically assumed to be representative of the dose ...
Killinger Kim A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Key differences between interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) subtypes (with and without Hunner's ulcer) have been noted. We hypothesized that pain characteristics in women grouped by IC/BPS subtype would differ. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 749 women to assess IC/BPS pain and other characteristics. Cystoscopy/hydrodistention reports ...
Fukuda Hidekazu - - 2012
Secretion of HCO3- at the apical side of the epithelial cells of the choroid plexus is an essential step in the formation of cerebrospinal fluid. Anion conductance with a high degree of HCO3- permeability has been observed and suggested to be the major pathway for HCO3- transport across the apical ...
Moe Ingvild Tronstad - - 2013
We recently reported that transgenic mice with cardiac-restricted overexpression of CCN2/CTGF have substantially increased tolerance towards ischemia/reperfusion injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent fully differentiated cardiac myocytes are direct targets of CCN2, and to resolve the signaling mechanisms that convey the cardioprotective actions of ...
StefaƄczyk Ludomir - - 2012
A case of femoral artery obstruction following application of a StarClose type arterial puncture closing device (APCD) is presented. Ultrasonographic and angiographic imaging of this complication was obtained. The posterior wall of the vessel was accidentally caught in the anchoring element of the nitinol clip. This complication was successfully resolved ...
Mou Yongchao - - 2012
Telocyte (TC) as a special stromal cell exists in mammary gland and might play an important role in the balance of epithelium-stroma of mammary gland. Considering that different types of breast interstitial cells influence the development and progression of breast cancer, TCs may have its distinct role in this process. ...
Sörensen Jens - - 2012
PURPOSE: [(18)F]Fluciclovine (anti-[(18)F]FACBC) is a synthetic amino acid developed for PET assessment of the anabolic component of tumour metabolism in clinical routine. This phase 1 trial evaluated the safety, tracer stability and uptake kinetics of [(18)F]fluciclovine in patients. METHODS: Six patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer were investigated with 3-T MRI ...
Seo Sohyeon - - 2012
The electrodeposition of Ag into organized surfactant templates adsorbed onto (22 × √3) reconstructed Au(111) is investigated by in situ electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy. Ag(+) concentrations of as low as 2.5 × 10(-6) M allow the visualization of the electrochemical molecular templating effect of a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) adlayer. ...
Caimmi D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cypress allergy is a typical winter pollinosis and the most frequent one in the South of France. Main symptoms are rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and asthma. Peach allergy is common too in Southern Europe. Allergic cross-reactions between cypress and peach have been reported, including an oral allergy syndrome. We wanted to ...
Tricarico Francesco - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate image quality (IQ) of low-radiation-dose paediatric cardiovascular CT angiography (CTA), comparing iterative reconstruction in image space (IRIS) and sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) with filtered back-projection (FBP) and estimate the potential for further dose reductions. METHODS: Forty neonates and children underwent low radiation CTA with or without ECG ...
Sheriff M J - - 2012
Ecological and medical researchers are investing great effort to determine the role of Maternally-Derived Stress (MDS) as an inducer of phenotypic plasticity in offspring. Many researchers have interpreted phenotypic responses as unavoidable negative outcomes (e.g., small birth weight, high anxiety); however, a biased underestimate of the adaptive potential of MDS-induced ...
Fournier Claire - - 2012
Palladium-silver mesowires are prepared by electrochemical decoration of graphite step-edges with a good control in alloy composition and wire diameter. As prepared arrays are used for hydrogen sensing, demonstrating extended detection capabilities, up to the whole H2 concentration range, depending on the alloy composition. At low silver content, low hydrogen ...
Davies G - - 2012
Cognitive decline is a feared aspect of growing old. It is a major contributor to lower quality of life and loss of independence in old age. We investigated the genetic contribution to individual differences in nonpathological cognitive ageing in five cohorts of older adults. We undertook a genome-wide association analysis ...
Goorhuis A - - 2012
Travellers to tropical destinations who seek medical attention after returning to their home country often present with fever, frequently as a result of an imported infectious disease. For this reason, clinicians initially focus on an infectious cause when a clear relationship in time exists between travel and disease onset. We ...
Masson-Lecomte Alexandra - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors in pathologic node-positive patients after radical cystectomy are debated. Extranodal extension (ENE) and lymph node density (LND) are strong predictors of survival. The aim of this study was to assess factors predictive of survival and to evaluate the prognostic significance of the tumor, node, metastasis staging system ...
Hiragun M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common skin disorder, but its clinical course reported so far is largely variable, probably due to the heterogeneity of the clinical background of patients and pathogenesis of this disease. METHODS: To reveal the prognosis of refractory CSU, we retrospectively studied the patients who ...
Silva Gislaine Cristina Ferreira da - - 2012
Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis caused primarily by Ehrlichia canis and canine thrombocytic anaplasmosis induced by Anaplasma platys are important emerging zoonotic tick-borne diseases of dogs. There is evidence that these pathogens can also affect humans. This study evaluated the presence of E. canis and A. platys in blood samples collected from ...
Lawrie A S - - 2012
The ristocetin cofactor assay (VWF:RCo) is the reference method for assessing von Willebrand factor (VWF) activity in the diagnosis of von Willebrand's Disease (VWD). However, the assay suffers from poor reproducibility and sensitivity at low levels of VWF and is labour intensive. We have undertaken an evaluation of a new ...
Weber Karl T - - 2012
The syncytium of cardiomyocytes in the heart is tethered within a matrix composed principally of type I fibrillar collagen. The matrix has diverse mechanical functions that ensure the optimal contractile efficiency of this muscular pump. In the diseased heart, cardiomyocytes are lost to necrotic cell death, and phenotypically transformed fibroblast-like ...
Atallah S - - 2012
Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is a new technique for the local excision of rectal neoplasia. This platform employs ordinary laparoscopic instruments to achieve high-quality local excision. The TAMIS platform, however, is quite versatile. Described here are applications of TAMIS beyond local excision, ranging from repair of a rectourethral fistula ...
Lajkó Eszter - - 2012
GnRH-III has been shown to exert a cytotoxic effect on the GnRH-R positive tumor cells. The chemotactic drug targeting (CDT) represents a new way for drug delivery approach based on selective chemoattractant guided targeting. The major goal of the present work was to develop and investigate various GnRH-III derivatives as ...
Yang Guofen - - 2012
PURPOSE: To characterize abnormal epigenetic changes and protein expression of the clusterin gene in a large series of ovarian malignant and borderline tumors. METHODS: Protein expression and promoter methylation of clusterin gene in 181 primary ovarian epithelial cancer, 40 borderline ovarian tumors, 54 ovarian cancer mesenteric metastasis, and 10 normal ...
Vroegop Anneclaire V M T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the value of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) using a custom-made simulation bite in maximal comfortable protrusion (MCP) of the mandible, in the prediction of treatment outcome for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) with a mandibular advancement device (MAD). Two hundred patients (74% male; ...
Oliveira José Luis - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pharmacovigilance methods have advanced greatly during the last decades, making post-market drug assessment an essential drug evaluation component. These methods mainly rely on the use of spontaneous reporting systems and health information databases to collect expertise from huge amounts of real-world reports. The EU-ADR Web Platform was built to ...
Thomaz Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca - - 2012
Although malocclusions represent a serious public health issue, there is insufficient information about this problem in adolescents in Brazil, especially in poorer areas. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence of facial alterations, dental malocclusions, and deleterious oral habits (DOH) among adolescents in a developing area ...
Davis April D - - 2012
Rabies virus infection has been documented in several North American bat species, including Eptesicus fuscus. The virus-host relationship between bats and rabies virus (RV) is not well understood. The incidence of non-lethal RV exposure, based on the presence of viral neutralizing antibodies, demonstrates that exposure to RV does not always ...
Sanchez Wilfried - - 2012
Multi-biomarker approaches are used to assess ecosystem health and identify impacts of environmental stress on organisms. However, exploration of large datasets by environmental managers represents a major challenge for regulatory application of this tool. Several integrative tools were developed to summarize biomarker responses. The aim of the present paper is ...
Salaru Delia Lidia - - 2012
Inflammatory responses ensuing ischemia involve the release of numerous mediators. Among these the heparin-binding growth factor midkine has been recognized as a potent inducer of neoangiogenesis. In a recent publication, the release of midkine has been studied in different in vitro models, and effects of abrogated midkine expression by means ...
She D J - - 2012
Hemangioblastoma (HBL) within the central nervous system is a benign vascular neoplasm that usually occurs in the cerebellum. Supratentorial occurrence of HBL is an extremely rare event. Till date, approximately 129 cases of supratentorial HBL have been reported in the literature. Here, we present three new cases of supratentorial hemangioblatomas, ...
Molet Mikaël - - 2012
Guilt by association and honor by association are two types of judgments that suggest that a negative or positive quality of a person or object can transfer to another person or object, merely by co-occurrence. Most examples have been demonstrated under conditions of direct associations. Here, we provide experimental evidence ...
Gross R - - 2012
Study design:A retrospective series of cases.Objective:To identify, among post-traumatic myelopathies, a specific entity in which clinical and radiological features are not extensive but are strictly limited to the perilesional zone.Setting:The data set of the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Department of Nantes, France.Methods:A systematic analysis of all traumatic spinal cord injury ...
Andersson E - - 2012
This investigation was designed to analyse the kinematics and kinetics of cross-country skiing at different velocities with the herringbone technique on a steep incline. Eleven elite male cross-country skiers performed this technique at maximal, high, and moderate velocities on a snow-covered 15° incline. They positioned their skis laterally (25 to ...
Yoshino Takaiko - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of adverse effects on eyelids and eyelashes related to treatment with prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) in patients who apply the medication in only one eye. METHODS: A clinical examination of 39 glaucoma patients treated for over 3 months continuously in one eye with one of four PGAs. ...
Cargnelutti Ethelina - - 2012
In addition to its well-known pro-inflammatory effects, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) displays anti-inflammatory activities through mechanisms poorly understood. Previously, we reported the development of severe chronic Yersinia enterocolitica-induced reactive arthritis (ReA) in mice lacking the TNF receptor (TNFR)p55. As regulatory T (T(reg)) cells limit chronic inflammation, here we aim to ...
Gonzaga Isabela Martins - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) shows a 5-year survival rate below 10%, demonstrating the urgency in improving its treatment. Alterations in epidermal growth factor receptors are closely related to malignancy transformation in a number of tumors and recent successful targeted therapies have been directed to these molecules. Therefore, ...
Moura-Netto Cacio - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare two endodontic preparation systems using micro-CT analysis. Twenty-four one-rooted mandibular premolars were selected and randomly assigned to two groups. The samples (n = 12) of Group 1 were prepared using the ProTaper Universal rotary system, while Group 2 (n = 12) was ...
Fonseca-Camarillo Gabriela - - 2012
Interleukin (IL)-20, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is a recently discovered member of the IL-10 family. This cytokine has been described in inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis and asthma. However, IL-20 expression in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients has not been yet described. The aim of this study was to evaluate IL-20 and ...
Mahadeva Swamy H M - - 2012
The Western Ghats of Karnataka natural ecosystem are among the most diverse and is one of the eight hottest hotspots of biological diversity in the world, that runs along the western part of India through four states including Karnataka. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) strains were isolated from soils of Western Ghats ...
Hong Angela - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes up to 70 % of oropharyngeal cancers (OSCC). HPV positive OSCC has a more favorable outcome, thus HPV status is being used to guide treatment and predict outcome. Combination HPV DNA/p16(ink4) (p16) testing is commonly used for HPV status, but there are no standardized ...
Zhang Jingjian - - 2012
Eustigmatos cf. polyphem is a yellow-green unicellular edaphic microalga belonging to the eustigmatophyte. The characteristics of lipids accumulation of E. cf. polyphem grown in a bubble cylindrical photobioreactor under nitrogen-limited conditions was dissected by morphological and spectrometric analyses. Total lipids accumulation rate increased rapidly at early growth phase, with the ...
Bergstraesser Eva - - 2012
The main objectives of this qualitative study were to describe the perceptions and needs of pediatric health care professionals (HCPs) taking care of children with palliative care needs and to develop a concept for the first Center of Competence for Pediatric Palliative Care (PPC) in Switzerland. Within two parts of ...
Khurana Reema - - 2012
OSIPP3 gene (coding for pectin methylesterase inhibitor protein) was isolated from a pre-pollinated inflorescence-specific cDNA library by differential screening of stage-specific libraries from Oryza sativa. OSIPP3 is present in the genome of rice as a single copy gene. OSIPP3 gene was expressed exclusively in the pre-pollinated spikelets of rice. Upstream ...
Krimmel B A - - 2012
Plant-provided foods for predatory arthropods such as extrafloral nectar and protein bodies provide indirect plant defence by attracting natural enemies of herbivores, enhancing top-down control. Recently, ecologists have also recognised the importance of carrion as a food source for predators. Sticky plants are widespread and often entrap and kill small ...
Frank Reanne - - 2012
Although adult body mass index (BMI) displays considerable social patterning worldwide, the direction and strength of the relationship between BMI and socioeconomic status (SES) varies cross nationally. We examine social gradients in BMI for contemporary U.S. immigrants and evaluate whether their SES-BMI gradient patterns are shaped by underlying gradients in ...
Klot Jennifer F - - 2012
Increased understanding about the relative contribution of genito-anal injury to HIV transmission may improve epidemic model estimates of the distribution of risk among and across different subpopulations. Better understanding about the distribution of HIV among subpopulations that are at highest risk of sexual violence can also improve the design and ...
Ihle-Hansen Hege - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Vascular risk factor control may not only prevent stroke but also reduce the risk of dementia. We investigated whether a multifactorial intervention program reduces the incidence of cognitive symptoms one-year after stroke and transient ischemic attack in first ever stroke patients without cognitive decline prior to the stroke. MATERIALS ...
Boonyalai Nonlawat - - 2012
Human lysyl-tRNA synthetase (hLysRS) is known to interact directly with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) GagPol polyproteins, and both hLysRS with tRNA(Lys3) are selectively packaged into emerging HIV-1 viral particles. This packaging process appears to be mediated by contact between the motif 1 helix h7 of hLysRS and the C-terminal ...
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