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Youssouf Samia - - 2012
In Djibouti, the prevalence of female genital mutilations (FGMs) amounts to 98% and the practice is still in use. When I left, in 1999, I knew I would involve myself in the fight against FGMs and I describe here the outcome of an obstacle course of more than ten years ...
Eckerström Marie - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Subjective cognitive impairment (SCI) is a potential early marker for actual cognitive decline. The cognitive manifestation of the SCI stage is, however, largely unknown. Self-report instruments developed especially for use in the SCI population are lacking, and many SCI studies have not excluded mild cognitive impairment and dementia. ...
Matsumoto Kenji - - 2012
Dosimetric properties of an amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging device (EPID) for verification of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) were investigated as a replacement for conventional verification tools. The portal dosimetry system of Varian's EPID (aS1000) has an integrated image mode for portal dosimetry (PD). The source-to-imager distance was 105 cm, and ...
Corbould Anne A John Morris Diabetes Centre, Launceston General Hospital, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia. - - 2013
Metformin is increasingly accepted as an alternative to insulin therapy in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The Metformin in Gestational Diabetes (MiG) trial reported similar pregnancy outcomes for metformin versus insulin; however, supplemental insulin was required in 46% of women on metformin. We aimed to identify predictors of response to metformin ...
Ozturk Arzu A Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2013
In multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord imaging can help in diagnosis and follow-up evaluation. However, spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is technically challenging, and image quality, particularly in the axial plane, is typically poor compared to brain MRI. Because gradient-recalled echo (GRE) images might offer improved contrast resolution within ...
Beyer Christian - - 2012
Wnt-, Hedgehog- and Notch-signaling cascades are morphogen pathways that play crucial roles in development and tissue homeostasis. While morphogen pathways are tightly regulated at multiple levels, inappropriate activation of Wnt, Hedgehog and Notch signaling has been implicated into the pathogenesis of various diseases. In particular, Wnt, Hedgehog and Notch signaling ...
Polguj Michał M Department of Angiology, Medical University of Łódź, Narutowicza 60, 90-136 Łódź, Poland. - - 2013
The suprascapular notch is the most common site of suprascapular nerve entrapment, which can manifest in disability and pain of the upper limb. Here, we present three cases of a very rare anatomical variation in the suprascapular region: the coexistence of the suprascapular notch and the suprascapular foramen. The variation ...
Jerônimo Gabriela Tomas - - 2012
Family Trichodinidae comprises ciliate protozoa distributed worldwide; they are considered some of the main parasitological agents infecting cultivated fish. However, the trichodinidae parasitizing important fish species cultured in Brazil are unknown, and more taxonomic studies on this group of parasites are required. This research morphologically characterizes Trichodina colisae Asmat & ...
Smith Curtis - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Estimates of neuronal loss in acute ischemic stroke show that the typical patient may lose 1·9 million neurons each minute that treatment is delayed. Consequently, significant emphasis has been placed on early evaluation and thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), the only approved thrombolytic therapy. TPA should be administered as ...
Yamamoto Ayumi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Sec8, a component of the exocyst complex, has been implicated in tethering of secretory vesicles to specific regions on the plasma membrane. To investigate the involvement of Sec8 in oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC), we evaluated the expression status and effect of Sec8 in OSCC cell lines. METHODS: Sec8 mRNA ...
Papousek Ilona - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to examine whether interindividual differences in the coupling or decoupling of prefrontal and posterior cortices during the exposure to social-emotional information may predict an individual's positive emotional responsiveness. Susceptibility to humor was assessed in a behavioral paradigm several weeks after the EEG recordings. ...
Schousboe J T JT Park Nicollet Institute, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2013
In the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF), 18.5 % of incident hip fractures identified in Medicare Fee-for-Service claims data were not reported to or confirmed by the cohort. Cognitive impairment was a modest risk factor for false-negative hip fracture ascertainment via self-report. Prospective cohort studies of fractures that rely on ...
Sevilla Claudia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Little is known about women's experience with conservative management of pelvic organ prolapse. We sought to understand the experiences of Spanish-speaking women who choose a pessary. METHODS: Spanish-speaking women from a urogynecological pessary clinic were recruited for this study. Interviews were conducted and the women were asked ...
Moghadam Ali Asghar - - 2012
A small number of stress-responsive genes, such as those of the mitochondrial F(1)F(0)-ATP synthase complex, are encoded by both the nucleus and mitochondria. The regulatory mechanism of these joint products is mysterious. The expression of 6-kDa subunit (MtATP6), a relatively uncharacterized nucleus-encoded subunit of F(0) part, was measured during salinity ...
Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matt - - 2012
Abstract Although the link between exercise and body image is well documented, the considerable inter-individual variability in this relationship has been largely ignored. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to test the contributions of key body image and exercise-related moderators (age, body mass index (BMI), exercise frequency, trait ...
Khurana Reema - - 2012
OSIPP3 gene (coding for pectin methylesterase inhibitor protein) was isolated from a pre-pollinated inflorescence-specific cDNA library by differential screening of stage-specific libraries from Oryza sativa. OSIPP3 is present in the genome of rice as a single copy gene. OSIPP3 gene was expressed exclusively in the pre-pollinated spikelets of rice. Upstream ...
Krimmel B A - - 2012
Plant-provided foods for predatory arthropods such as extrafloral nectar and protein bodies provide indirect plant defence by attracting natural enemies of herbivores, enhancing top-down control. Recently, ecologists have also recognised the importance of carrion as a food source for predators. Sticky plants are widespread and often entrap and kill small ...
Frank Reanne - - 2012
Although adult body mass index (BMI) displays considerable social patterning worldwide, the direction and strength of the relationship between BMI and socioeconomic status (SES) varies cross nationally. We examine social gradients in BMI for contemporary U.S. immigrants and evaluate whether their SES-BMI gradient patterns are shaped by underlying gradients in ...
Klot Jennifer F - - 2012
Increased understanding about the relative contribution of genito-anal injury to HIV transmission may improve epidemic model estimates of the distribution of risk among and across different subpopulations. Better understanding about the distribution of HIV among subpopulations that are at highest risk of sexual violence can also improve the design and ...
Prentice Boone M BM Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2084, - - 2013
Gas-phase modification of carboxylic acid functionalities is performed via ion/ion reactions with carbodiimide reagents [N-cyclohexyl-N'-(2-morpholinoethyl)carbodiimide (CMC) and [3-(3-Ethylcarbodiimide-1-yl)propyl]trimethylaminium (ECPT)]. Gas-phase ion/ion covalent chemistry requires the formation of a long-lived complex. In this instance, the complex is stabilized by an electrostatic interaction between the fixed charge quaternary ammonium group of the ...
Ihle-Hansen Hege - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Vascular risk factor control may not only prevent stroke but also reduce the risk of dementia. We investigated whether a multifactorial intervention program reduces the incidence of cognitive symptoms one-year after stroke and transient ischemic attack in first ever stroke patients without cognitive decline prior to the stroke. MATERIALS ...
Madheswaran Thiagarajan T College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, 214-1 Dae-dong, Gyeongsan, 712-749, South - - 2013
In this study, liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCN) have been proposed as new carrier for topical delivery of finasteride (FNS) in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia. To evaluate the potential of this nanocarrier, FNS-loaded LCN was prepared by ultrasonication method and characterized for size, shape, in vitro release, and skin permeation-retention ...
Boonyalai Nonlawat - - 2012
Human lysyl-tRNA synthetase (hLysRS) is known to interact directly with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) GagPol polyproteins, and both hLysRS with tRNA(Lys3) are selectively packaged into emerging HIV-1 viral particles. This packaging process appears to be mediated by contact between the motif 1 helix h7 of hLysRS and the C-terminal ...
Zhang Menglong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little information exists concerning appropriate exposure and measuring overall patient dose in pediatric digital radiography. OBJECTIVE: To establish a convenient method of appropriate exposure from target exposure index (EI) and thickness in pediatric digital radiography and estimate patient entrance-surface dose (ESD) and dose-area product (DAP) associated with chest, abdomen ...
Vibe Fersum K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Non-specific chronic low back pain disorders have been proven resistant to change, and there is still a lack of clear evidence for one specific treatment intervention being superior to another. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the efficacy of a behavioural approach to management, classification-based cognitive functional ...
Tala I I New Jersey Medical School-University Hospital Cancer Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, - - 2013
We have previously identified a tyrosine kinase-independent, guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity, which is contained within the region of p210 no expansion BCR/ABL that distinguishes it from p190 BCR/ABL. In the current study, we have compared the transforming activity of p190 BCR/ABL, p210 BCR/ABL and a mutant that lacks ...
Griffin Matthew D - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells (MSCs) have potent anti-inflammatory/immunosuppressive properties which underlie much of their therapeutic potential. This fact has led to the widely accepted belief that MSCs from genetically unrelated individuals (allogeneic (allo)-MSCs) can be used therapeutically with equal efficacy to autologous MSCs and without triggering the donor-specific immune responses ...
Prentice R L RL Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. - - 2013
The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial randomly assigned 36,282 postmenopausal women in the U.S. to 1,000 mg elemental calcium carbonate plus 400 IU of vitamin D(3) daily or placebo, with average intervention period of 7.0 years. The trial was designed to test whether calcium plus vitamin D ...
Bianchi-Ferraro Ana Maria H M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We tested the hypothesis that the single-incision sling, TVT-Secur (TVT-S), placed in U position is not inferior to transobturator midurethral sling (TVT-O) for treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: This was a noninferiority, prospective, randomized controlled trial in which women with SUI, confirmed by physical and urodynamic ...
Tan Yong - - 2012
Radix Aconiti lateralis praeparata (Baifupian) has received great attention because of its excellent therapeutic effects as well as the associated adverse drug reactions. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) principle, Baifupian should only be used in patients with TCM "kidney-yang" deficiency pattern, a clinical state that can be mimicked by ...
Magadán-Mompó Susana - - 2012
The availability of reptile genomes for the use of the scientific community is an exceptional opportunity to study the evolution of immunoglobulin genes. The genome of Chrysemys picta bellii and Pelodiscus sinensis is the first one that has been reported for turtles. The scanning for immunoglobulin genes resulted in the ...
Wang Yong - - 2012
Chirality in nanoscience may offer new opportunities for applications beyond the traditional fields of chirality, such as the asymmetric catalysts in the molecular world and the chiral propellers in the macroscopic world. In the last two decades, there has been an amazing array of chiral nanostructures reported in the literature. ...
Veronesi Giulia - - 2012
Lung cancer screening may detect cancer that will never become symptomatic (overdiagnosis), leading to overtreatment. Changes in size on sequential low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening, expressed as volume-doubling time (VDT), may help to distinguish aggressive cancer from cases that are unlikely to become symptomatic. To assess VDT for screening-detected lung ...
Pontén Ann - - 2012
Background An increased frequency of occupational contact hand dermatitis among surgical operating theatre personnel has been noticed. Objectives To evaluate patients with occupational contact dermatitis caused by their rubber gloves, and to describe a method for analysing the content of the allergens in the gloves. Materials and methods Patch tests ...
Defazio Giovanni - - 2012
Pain occurring in Parkinson's disease (PD) may affect a large proportion of patients. Based on the results of the methodologically more robust case-control studies that detected a significantly greater frequency of pain in PD patients than in control subjects, pain should now be considered as a non-motor symptom of PD. ...
Sheplock Rebecca R Department of Biology, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010, - - 2013
In enterics, the transcription factor SoxR triggers a global stress response by sensing a broad spectrum of redox-cycling compounds. In the non-enteric bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptomyces coelicolor, SoxR is activated by endogenous redox-active small molecules and only regulates a small set of genes. We investigated if the more general ...
Karampinos Dimitrios C DC Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California-San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
Lower back pain is a common problem frequently encountered without specific biomarkers that correlate well with an individual patient's pain generators. MRI quantification of diffusion and T2 relaxation properties may provide novel insight into the mechanical and inflammatory changes that occur in the lumbosacral nerve roots in patients with lower ...
Vix Michel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aims to report glycolipid changes after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in the setting of a prospective randomized clinical trial. METHODS: One hundred patients were randomly assigned to RYGB (n = 45) and SG (n = 55). Fasting glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c%), triglycerides, and serum cholesterol (total, ...
Zanon Davide - - 2012
Acute gastroenteritis (AG) represents both the main cause of acute vomiting in children under 3 years old and a major cause of access to the emergency department. Even if several drugs may be able to reduce the emesis, the pharmacological treatment of vomiting in children remains a controversial issue, and several ...
Malerod Helle - - 2012
The adenocarcinoma cell line HeLa serves as a model system for cancer research in general and cervical cancer in particular. In this study, hydrazide enrichment in combination with state-of-the art nanoLC-MS/MS analysis was used to profile N-linked glycosites in HeLa cells. N-Linked glycoproteins were selectively enriched in HeLa cells by ...
Mou Yongchao - - 2012
Telocyte (TC) as a special stromal cell exists in mammary gland and might play an important role in the balance of epithelium-stroma of mammary gland. Considering that different types of breast interstitial cells influence the development and progression of breast cancer, TCs may have its distinct role in this process. ...
Sörensen Jens - - 2012
PURPOSE: [(18)F]Fluciclovine (anti-[(18)F]FACBC) is a synthetic amino acid developed for PET assessment of the anabolic component of tumour metabolism in clinical routine. This phase 1 trial evaluated the safety, tracer stability and uptake kinetics of [(18)F]fluciclovine in patients. METHODS: Six patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer were investigated with 3-T MRI ...
Seo Sohyeon - - 2012
The electrodeposition of Ag into organized surfactant templates adsorbed onto (22 × √3) reconstructed Au(111) is investigated by in situ electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy. Ag(+) concentrations of as low as 2.5 × 10(-6) M allow the visualization of the electrochemical molecular templating effect of a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) adlayer. ...
Caimmi D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cypress allergy is a typical winter pollinosis and the most frequent one in the South of France. Main symptoms are rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and asthma. Peach allergy is common too in Southern Europe. Allergic cross-reactions between cypress and peach have been reported, including an oral allergy syndrome. We wanted to ...
Tricarico Francesco - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate image quality (IQ) of low-radiation-dose paediatric cardiovascular CT angiography (CTA), comparing iterative reconstruction in image space (IRIS) and sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) with filtered back-projection (FBP) and estimate the potential for further dose reductions. METHODS: Forty neonates and children underwent low radiation CTA with or without ECG ...
Sheriff M J - - 2012
Ecological and medical researchers are investing great effort to determine the role of Maternally-Derived Stress (MDS) as an inducer of phenotypic plasticity in offspring. Many researchers have interpreted phenotypic responses as unavoidable negative outcomes (e.g., small birth weight, high anxiety); however, a biased underestimate of the adaptive potential of MDS-induced ...
Fournier Claire - - 2012
Palladium-silver mesowires are prepared by electrochemical decoration of graphite step-edges with a good control in alloy composition and wire diameter. As prepared arrays are used for hydrogen sensing, demonstrating extended detection capabilities, up to the whole H2 concentration range, depending on the alloy composition. At low silver content, low hydrogen ...
Davies G G Department of Psychology, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Cognitive decline is a feared aspect of growing old. It is a major contributor to lower quality of life and loss of independence in old age. We investigated the genetic contribution to individual differences in nonpathological cognitive ageing in five cohorts of older adults. We undertook a genome-wide association analysis ...
Aranda Kay - - 2012
ARANDA K and MCGREEVY D. Nursing Inquiry 2012 [Epub a head of print] Embodied empathy-in-action: overweight nurses' experiences of their interactions with overweight patients Obesity is now commonly recognised to be a significant public health issue worldwide with its increasing prevalence frequently described as a global epidemic. In the United ...
De Vet Emely - - 2012
Active video games that require whole body movement to play the game may be an innovative health promotion tool to substitute sedentary pastime with more active time and may therefore contribute to children's health. To inform strategies aimed at reducing sedentary behavior by replacing non-active by active gaming, opinions about ...
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