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Sevilla Claudia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Little is known about women's experience with conservative management of pelvic organ prolapse. We sought to understand the experiences of Spanish-speaking women who choose a pessary. METHODS: Spanish-speaking women from a urogynecological pessary clinic were recruited for this study. Interviews were conducted and the women were asked ...
Jones Deborah L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Few HIV prevention interventions focus on sexual risk reduction as mutual process determined by couple members, though risk behaviors are inter-dependent. PURPOSE: This trial examined the impact of substance use, history of sexual trauma, and intimate partner violence on sexual risk associated with participation in a risk reduction intervention. ...
Moghadam Ali Asghar - - 2012
A small number of stress-responsive genes, such as those of the mitochondrial F(1)F(0)-ATP synthase complex, are encoded by both the nucleus and mitochondria. The regulatory mechanism of these joint products is mysterious. The expression of 6-kDa subunit (MtATP6), a relatively uncharacterized nucleus-encoded subunit of F(0) part, was measured during salinity ...
Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matt - - 2012
Abstract Although the link between exercise and body image is well documented, the considerable inter-individual variability in this relationship has been largely ignored. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to test the contributions of key body image and exercise-related moderators (age, body mass index (BMI), exercise frequency, trait ...
Swirski Filip K - - 2012
Macrophages are central regulators of disease progression in both atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI). In atherosclerosis, macrophages are the dominant leukocyte population that influences lesional development. In MI, which is caused by atherosclerosis, macrophages accumulate readily and have important roles in inflammation and healing. Molecular imaging has grown considerably as ...
Swarnam T P - - 2012
Vegetable samples of brinjal, okra, green chilli, crucifers, and cucurbits collected from farmers' field were tested for the presence of organochlorine (OC), organophosphorus (OP), and synthetic pyrethroid (SP) compounds using a gas chromatograph equipped with electron capture and flame thermionic detectors. Of the samples tested, 34.0 % were found to have ...
Kucukbayrak Abdulkadir - - 2012
Since the 1990s, blood donors have been scanned for anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibodies, which can be defined by enzyme immunoassay as a screening test. In this population, false-reactive ratios have been high. Recently, some authors have aimed to find a cutoff value for anti-HCV different from those established by ...
Sonali Nirmal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rivastigmine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor; the genotype data seen alongside the phenotype data explain the mutation or the molecular genetics involved and also help to relate the phenotype of an individual with their genotype. AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of CYP2D6, CYP3A4, CYP2C9/19, and UGT polymorphism on the ...
Bian Shelly X - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is a common pediatric glioma that is generally characterized by indolent growth. However, there are reports of PA disseminating throughout the central nervous system. Given the rarity of dissemination, the appropriate treatment for these patients is poorly defined. In this case series, we describe the clinical ...
Faller Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is currently under investigation as a highly sensitive and specific marker of alcohol misuse. As its stability in blood samples has not systematically been investigated, a study was performed to determine the stability of major PEth species in spiked and authentic whole blood and also in matching ...
Torres Jeremy Martin O - - 2012
Mangrove fungi are vastly unexplored for enzymes with industrial application. This study aimed to assess the biocatalytic activity of mangrove fungal xylanases on recycled paper pulp. Forty-four mangrove fungal (MF) isolates were initially screened for xylanolytic activity in minimal medium with corn cob xylan as the sole carbon source. Eight ...
Uehara K - - 2012
Study design:Retrospective study at a rehabilitation center.Objectives:Patients with spinal cord injury, even if they are wheelchair users, sometimes suffer from fractures of the lower limb bones. As their bones are too weak to have surgery, and because a precise reduction is not required for restoration, such patients are often indicated ...
Cirocchi Roberto - - 2012
New technical approaches involving biologically derived products have been applied in the treatment for anal fistulas in order to avoid the risk of fecal incontinence. The aim of this review was to evaluate the scientific evidence present in the literature regarding these techniques. Trials comparing surgery (fistulotomy, advancement mucosal flap ...
Yuan Jiang - - 2012
Keratin is an important protein used for wound healing and tissue recovery. In this study, keratin was first extracted from raw materials and chemically modified to obtain stable keratin (m-keratin). The raw and m-keratin were examined by Raman spectroscopy. The molecular weight of the m-keratin was analysed by SDS-PAGE. The ...
Tsakogiannis D - - 2012
The rate of evolution of the human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) genome is low. However, the ability of the E6 oncoprotein to interact with distinct p53 variants causes selective pressure on the E6 gene. In addition, intratypic recombination events in the HPV16 E6 and E7 genes have been characterized as extraordinary ...
Yoo Jun Ho - - 2012
PURPOSE:Inferior oblique (IO) myectomy can result in self-adjustment; the greater the preoperative hyperdeviation, the larger the postoperative correction. This study estimated the effect of IO recession in primary position and in contralateral gaze. METHODS:Records of 43 patients with IO muscle overaction associated with congenital unilateral superior oblique palsy were reviewed ...
Winters A Marian - - 2012
Many haemodialysis patients have problems limiting their fluid intake, and this might be influenced by their self-efficacy. Thus interventions to improve patients' self-efficacy might lead to an improvement in their adherence to fluid restriction. The fluid intake appraisal inventory (FIAI) evaluates patients' self-efficacy with regard to fluid intake. The aim ...
Tsuda Hiroko - - 2012
PURPOSE: The morbidity rate of arteriosclerosis becomes clinically manifested as acute cardiovascular events. In the progress of atherosclerosis, the carotid artery calcifies and sometimes appears as a calcified mass on a cephalometric radiograph. This study was designed to evaluate cardiovascular risks according to the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) between subjects ...
Lange Rael T - - 2012
This study examined postconcussion symptom reporting within the first 5 years following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Participants were 167 U.S. military service members (Mean Age = 27.6 years; 74.3% blast; 96.4% male) who were evaluated following injuries sustained in theater during Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom (92.8%), or from ...
Pan Li Qiang - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is considered to be a promising anticancer agent because its active form TRAIL trimer is able to induce apoptosis in different tumor cell lines while sparing normal cells. However, TRAIL trimer possesses a short half-life and low stability, which turns out to be a ...
Aust V - - 2012
Non-saleable milk (waste milk, WM) is contaminated with an undefined spectrum of potentially harmful pathogens and antimicrobial residues. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of feeding bulk milk (BM) or WM - both pasteurized or not - on calf performance, health and the antibiotic resistance of ...
Neidert M C - - 2012
PURPOSE: Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare clinical entity. We present a case of atypical contrast enhancement pattern in a chronic epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine mimicking an extradural tumor. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old man on treatment with oral anticoagulants presented with a 1-month history of lower back pain ...
Kouridaki Antonia - - 2012
A non-classical route to the key CDE-ring fragment of the pectenotoxins has been developed which showcases a remarkable singlet oxygen-mediated cascade reaction sequence to install the complete DE ring system.
Yang Shicheng - - 2012
The genetic modification of CD8+ T cells using anti-tumor T-cell receptors (TCR) or chimeric antigen receptors is a promising approach for the adoptive cell therapy of patients with cancer. We previously developed a simplified method for the clinical-scale generation of central memory-like (Tcm) CD8+ T cells following transduction with lentivirus ...
Adams David B - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The Puestow procedure, also called lateral pancreaticojejunostomy, has been the mainstay of surgical therapy for dilated duct chronic pancreatitis for decades. CONCLUSION: Principles that Puestow and Gillesby described in 1958 are pertinent to the modern conduct of this operation that is described with current practice guidelines.
Long Hao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Internal mammary lymph node (IMN) metastasis in breast cancer is a well-established prognostic factor of similar importance to axillary lymph node status. Although randomized controlled trials in the 1970s failed to show a survival benefit of IMN dissection during extended radical mastectomy, they did demonstrate diminished survival of patients ...
Schaefer Inga-Marie - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pyloric gland adenoma consists of closely packed pyloric-type glands lined by mucus-secreting cells. To date, approximately 230 cases have been reported, mostly of gastric localization with a tumour size up to 3.5 cm and a mean age of occurrence around 70 years. Adenocarcinoma develops in about 40% of ...
Williams C R - - 2012
New mosquito control strategies centred on the modifying of populations require knowledge of existing population densities at release sites and an understanding of breeding site ecology. Using a quantitative pupal survey method, we investigated production of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti (L.) (Stegomyia aegypti) (Diptera: Culicidae) in Cairns, Queensland, Australia, ...
Aljaroudi Wael A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The safety of regadenoson (Reg) during low-level exercise testing has been established. However, its administration at peak exercise for patients who do not reach target heart rate (THR) on standard exercise treadmill stress testing (ETT) needs to be established, particularly among patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) METHODS: ...
Mazioli Rafael - - 2012
On 27 Jan 2011 an adult Amblyomma nodosum tick was found attached to a domestic dog from the municipality of Colatina, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. This is the first report of this tick species in this state and the second time it has been reported parasitizing a domestic dog ...
Kobayashi Hisao - - 2012
The electronic and vibrational properties of EuFe(2)As(2) in the tetragonal phase between 0 and 5 GPa have been investigated using (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and (57)Fe nuclear resonance inelastic scattering, respectively. We find a discontinuous increase of the center shift around 2.3 GPa, reflecting a change of the electronic state of Fe, and ...
Boyraz S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of the modulus of the lens material on the intraocular pressure measurement using the Tono-Pen XL applanation tonometer through soft contact lenses. METHOD: Thirty eyes of 15 patients with myopia were evaluated. Intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements were performed using Tono-Pen XL directly over cornea, and ...
Garrido Mariana - - 2012
The effect of several new dihydroepiandrosterone ester derivatives A2-A6 was demonstrated using female cycling mice, which were synchronized for estrus with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and injected with the steroids. The binding to the progesterone receptor (PR), was obtained from the cytosol of uteri from adult estrogen-primed rabbits. A1 binds ...
Min Hu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This study is a meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of the application of adjuvant material in the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse and a sub-category analysis of the use of nonabsorbable synthetic mesh, biological graft and absorbable synthetic mesh. METHOD: Pubmed, Embase and Ovid databases were searched ...
Medana Claudio - - 2012
The occurrence of some cases of positive results in anti-doping analysis of octopamine requires clarification as to whether its methylated derivative synephrine could be a metabolic precursor of octopamine itself. Synephrine is a natural phenylethylamine derivative present in some food supplements containing Citrus aurantium, permitted in sport regulations. A simulative ...
Ye Byoung Seok - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Highly educated participants with normal cognition show lower incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) than poorly educated participants, whereas longitudinal studies involving AD have reported that higher education is associated with more rapid cognitive decline. We aimed to evaluate whether highly educated amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) participants show ...
Griessenauer Christoph J - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Enlarged parietal foramina are variable ossification defects in the parietal bones that present as symmetric radiolucencies on skull radiographs. In contrast to the normal small parietal foramina, enlarged parietal foramina are a hereditary condition and genes associated with it have been identified. METHODS: A literature review was performed to ...
de Groot S - - 2012
Objective:To investigate: (1) the course of coronary heart disease risk factors (lipid profiles and body mass index (BMI)) in the first five years after discharge from inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation and (2) the association between lifestyle (physical activity, self-care related to fitness, smoking, alcohol, body mass and low-fat ...
Pan Pinglei - - 2012
Structural neuroimaging studies on chronic smokers using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) had provided cumulative evidence of gray matter (GM) changes relative to nonsmokers. However, not all the studies reported entirely consistent findings. Here, we aimed at identifying consistent GM anomalies in chronic smokers by performing a meta-analysis, and a systematic search ...
Aranda Kay - - 2012
ARANDA K and MCGREEVY D. Nursing Inquiry 2012 [Epub a head of print] Embodied empathy-in-action: overweight nurses' experiences of their interactions with overweight patients Obesity is now commonly recognised to be a significant public health issue worldwide with its increasing prevalence frequently described as a global epidemic. In the United ...
De Vet Emely - - 2012
Active video games that require whole body movement to play the game may be an innovative health promotion tool to substitute sedentary pastime with more active time and may therefore contribute to children's health. To inform strategies aimed at reducing sedentary behavior by replacing non-active by active gaming, opinions about ...
Goitein David - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an accepted bariatric procedure. Swallow studies (SS) after LSG are not uniform and display different patterns with regard to contrast passage through the gastric sleeve. The impact of immediate postoperative contrast transit time on weight loss has not been studied. The influence of immediate ...
Gai Wei - - 2012
Specific and sensitive identification of special G-quadruplex structures is an important issue and attracts increasing interest. In this paper, a novel, signal-amplified strategy is proposed for the specific detection of G-quadruplexes, which is very different from those currently-dominating methods based on single-molecular fluorescent probes. In this strategy, a 'special designed' ...
Vardavas Constantine I - - 2012
1. Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) can occur in many places; however, regulations banning smoking may reduce the sources of exposure to SHS to personal areas such as the family car, a source of brief but potently intense exposure. 2. Fifteen non-smoking volunteers were exposed to sidestream SHS concentrations of 5000 µg/m(3), ...
Beyer Christian - - 2012
Wnt-, Hedgehog- and Notch-signaling cascades are morphogen pathways that play crucial roles in development and tissue homeostasis. While morphogen pathways are tightly regulated at multiple levels, inappropriate activation of Wnt, Hedgehog and Notch signaling has been implicated into the pathogenesis of various diseases. In particular, Wnt, Hedgehog and Notch signaling ...
Jerônimo Gabriela Tomas - - 2012
Family Trichodinidae comprises ciliate protozoa distributed worldwide; they are considered some of the main parasitological agents infecting cultivated fish. However, the trichodinidae parasitizing important fish species cultured in Brazil are unknown, and more taxonomic studies on this group of parasites are required. This research morphologically characterizes Trichodina colisae Asmat & ...
Smith Curtis - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Estimates of neuronal loss in acute ischemic stroke show that the typical patient may lose 1·9 million neurons each minute that treatment is delayed. Consequently, significant emphasis has been placed on early evaluation and thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), the only approved thrombolytic therapy. TPA should be administered as ...
Yamamoto Ayumi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Sec8, a component of the exocyst complex, has been implicated in tethering of secretory vesicles to specific regions on the plasma membrane. To investigate the involvement of Sec8 in oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC), we evaluated the expression status and effect of Sec8 in OSCC cell lines. METHODS: Sec8 mRNA ...
Patterson J M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: A diagnosis of head and neck cancer (HNC) is a profound event for patients and family members who play a crucial role in their care. Eating and drinking difficulties affect patients' quality of life (QOL), but the impact on the carers' QOL has not been explored. This preliminary mixed ...
Gómez García Ignacio - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The aims of this study were to investigate retroperitoneal fibrosis in a Spanish hospital and present a review of the international literature to attempt to elucidate a diagnostic and therapeutic approach to this unusual pathology. Material and methods. A database search was performed in the pathology department and ...
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