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Liang Hsin-Yi - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objective The aims of this cross-sectional, case-controlled, observational study were to examine attitudes toward menstruation between female patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and a control group, and to explore the associations between attitudes toward menstruation and psychopathology, menstrual regularity during antipsychotic treatment, and menstrual distress symptoms. Methods Fifty-eight ...
Anders Katharina - - 2013
True automated detection of coronary artery stenoses might be useful whenever expert evaluation is not available, or as a "second reader" to enhance diagnostic confidence. We evaluated the accuracy of a PC-based stenosis detection tool alone and combined with expert interpretation. One hundred coronary CT angiography datasets were evaluated with ...
Norsidah Ku-Zaifah - - 2012
Oxidative stress contributes to cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to study the effects of palm tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) on plasma homocysteine and cardiac oxidative stress in rats fed with a high-methionine diet. Forty-two male Wistar rats were divided into six groups. The first group was the control. Groups 2-6 were fed ...
Yang Shicheng - - 2012
The genetic modification of CD8+ T cells using anti-tumor T-cell receptors (TCR) or chimeric antigen receptors is a promising approach for the adoptive cell therapy of patients with cancer. We previously developed a simplified method for the clinical-scale generation of central memory-like (Tcm) CD8+ T cells following transduction with lentivirus ...
Adams David B - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The Puestow procedure, also called lateral pancreaticojejunostomy, has been the mainstay of surgical therapy for dilated duct chronic pancreatitis for decades. CONCLUSION: Principles that Puestow and Gillesby described in 1958 are pertinent to the modern conduct of this operation that is described with current practice guidelines.
Hong Angela - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes up to 70 % of oropharyngeal cancers (OSCC). HPV positive OSCC has a more favorable outcome, thus HPV status is being used to guide treatment and predict outcome. Combination HPV DNA/p16(ink4) (p16) testing is commonly used for HPV status, but there are no standardized ...
Zhang Jingjian - - 2012
Eustigmatos cf. polyphem is a yellow-green unicellular edaphic microalga belonging to the eustigmatophyte. The characteristics of lipids accumulation of E. cf. polyphem grown in a bubble cylindrical photobioreactor under nitrogen-limited conditions was dissected by morphological and spectrometric analyses. Total lipids accumulation rate increased rapidly at early growth phase, with the ...
Langley Ruth E RE MRC Clinical Trials Unit, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH, - - 2013
Patients with colorectal cancer with mutated PIK3CA, identified from two large observational cohorts, had increased cancer-specific and overall survival if they used aspirin regularly after diagnosis compared to non-users. No effect of aspirin was seen in patients with wild-type PIK3CA. Mutated PIK3CA might be a useful biomarker to select patients ...
Bergstraesser Eva - - 2012
The main objectives of this qualitative study were to describe the perceptions and needs of pediatric health care professionals (HCPs) taking care of children with palliative care needs and to develop a concept for the first Center of Competence for Pediatric Palliative Care (PPC) in Switzerland. Within two parts of ...
Harris Andrew C AC Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Department of Pediatrics, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2013
Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a leading cause of non-relapse mortality following allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation. Attempts to improve treatment response in clinically-established GVHD have not improved overall survival, often due to the increased risk of infectious complications. Alternative approaches to decrease GVHD-related morbidity and mortality have focused on the ...
Park Sang-Eun - - 2012
Extensor tendon triggering is a rare disease entity. Even less common is a case of extensor digiti minimi (EDM) double triggering caused by impingement on the extensor retinaculum. Herein, we describe one patient with EDM double triggering developed at the extensor retinaculum and over the metacarpal head caused by its ...
Ceylan Abdurrahman - - 2012
Daily quality assurance procedures are an essential part of radiotherapy medical physics. Devices such as the Sun Nuclear, DQA3 are effective tools for analysis of daily dosimetry including flatness, symmetry, energy, field size and central axis radiation dose measurement. The DQA3 can be used on the treatment couch of the ...
Zhao Baoyin - - 2012
Recently, cardiac telocytes were found in the myocardium. However, the functional role of cardiac telocytes and possible changes in the cardiac telocyte population during myocardial infarction in the myocardium are not known. In this study, the role of the recently identified cardiac telocytes in myocardial infarction (MI) was investigated. Cardiac ...
Morishita Y - - 2012
Study Design:Retrospective radiographic study.Objective:To investigate the pincers effect on cervical spinal cord in the development of traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) without major fracture or dislocation.Setting:The Japan LHWO Spinal Injuries CenterMethods:Two hundred and twenty cases of traumatic CSCI without major fracture or dislocation were examined. The pinched diameters of ...
Sossalla Samuel - - 2012
We report on a patient who was treated with several antiarrhythmic drugs as well as different ablation strategies. Nevertheless, symptomatic atrial fibrillation always recurred until an off label use with ranolazine was started. We could demonstrate potent effects of ranolazine on atrial fibrillation in a "wash-in wash-out" situation. Although promising ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing brain and spine parameters in fetuses with spina bifida. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 15 fetuses with spina bifida (one with encephalocele, four with rachischisis and 10 with myelomeningocele). The size of the atrium of ...
Kasperska-Zajac A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our previous findings showed the importance of analysing the peripheral markers of acute phase response (APR) activation, C-reactive protein (CRP) and IL-6 in the context of urticaria activity and severity. However, these biomarkers do not reliably differentiate between APR to infectious and the disease severity. AIM: In order to ...
Sousa Pedro M F - - 2012
Neisseria meningitidis is a pathogenic bacterium responsible for meningitis. The mechanisms underlying the control of Na(+) transmembrane movement, presumably important to pathogenicity, have been barely addressed. To elucidate the function of the components of the Na(+) transport system in N. meningitidis, an open reading frame from the genome of this ...
Demurtas Paolo - - 2012
Pterygium is a common ocular surface disorder characterized by excessive cell proliferation, inflammation, fibrosis, angiogenesis and extracellular matrix remodeling. The Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE or ACE I) is the major component of the Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) converting the inactive decapeptide Angiotensin I (Ang I) to the active octapeptide Angiotensin II ...
Elishmereni M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs) and eosinophils (Eos), the key effector cells in allergy, are abundantly co-localized particularly in the late and chronic stages of allergic inflammation. Recent evidence has outlined a specialized 'allergic effector unit' in which MCs and Eos communicate via both soluble mediators and physical contact. However, the ...
Long Xigui - - 2012
The mechanism of vascular leakage in severe dengue infection remains unclear. Here, we used primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the EA.hy926 cell line to study the molecular events that occur after dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV2) infection. DENV2-induced apoptosis was confirmed using nuclear staining, TUNEL assay, and ...
Long Hao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Internal mammary lymph node (IMN) metastasis in breast cancer is a well-established prognostic factor of similar importance to axillary lymph node status. Although randomized controlled trials in the 1970s failed to show a survival benefit of IMN dissection during extended radical mastectomy, they did demonstrate diminished survival of patients ...
Schaefer Inga-Marie - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pyloric gland adenoma consists of closely packed pyloric-type glands lined by mucus-secreting cells. To date, approximately 230 cases have been reported, mostly of gastric localization with a tumour size up to 3.5 cm and a mean age of occurrence around 70 years. Adenocarcinoma develops in about 40% of ...
Williams C R - - 2012
New mosquito control strategies centred on the modifying of populations require knowledge of existing population densities at release sites and an understanding of breeding site ecology. Using a quantitative pupal survey method, we investigated production of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti (L.) (Stegomyia aegypti) (Diptera: Culicidae) in Cairns, Queensland, Australia, ...
Aljaroudi Wael A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The safety of regadenoson (Reg) during low-level exercise testing has been established. However, its administration at peak exercise for patients who do not reach target heart rate (THR) on standard exercise treadmill stress testing (ETT) needs to be established, particularly among patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) METHODS: ...
Mazioli Rafael - - 2012
On 27 Jan 2011 an adult Amblyomma nodosum tick was found attached to a domestic dog from the municipality of Colatina, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. This is the first report of this tick species in this state and the second time it has been reported parasitizing a domestic dog ...
Kobayashi Hisao - - 2012
The electronic and vibrational properties of EuFe(2)As(2) in the tetragonal phase between 0 and 5 GPa have been investigated using (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and (57)Fe nuclear resonance inelastic scattering, respectively. We find a discontinuous increase of the center shift around 2.3 GPa, reflecting a change of the electronic state of Fe, and ...
Boyraz S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of the modulus of the lens material on the intraocular pressure measurement using the Tono-Pen XL applanation tonometer through soft contact lenses. METHOD: Thirty eyes of 15 patients with myopia were evaluated. Intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements were performed using Tono-Pen XL directly over cornea, and ...
Lee Yeong Yeh YY Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2013
Understanding the physiology of gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) is important as failure of its function is associated with reflux disease, hiatus hernia, and cancer. In recent years, there have been impressive developments in high resolution technologies allowing measurement of luminal pressure, pH, and impedance. One obvious deficiency is the lack of ...
Garrido Mariana - - 2012
The effect of several new dihydroepiandrosterone ester derivatives A2-A6 was demonstrated using female cycling mice, which were synchronized for estrus with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and injected with the steroids. The binding to the progesterone receptor (PR), was obtained from the cytosol of uteri from adult estrogen-primed rabbits. A1 binds ...
Min Hu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This study is a meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of the application of adjuvant material in the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse and a sub-category analysis of the use of nonabsorbable synthetic mesh, biological graft and absorbable synthetic mesh. METHOD: Pubmed, Embase and Ovid databases were searched ...
Molet Mikaël - - 2012
Guilt by association and honor by association are two types of judgments that suggest that a negative or positive quality of a person or object can transfer to another person or object, merely by co-occurrence. Most examples have been demonstrated under conditions of direct associations. Here, we provide experimental evidence ...
Gross R - - 2012
Study design:A retrospective series of cases.Objective:To identify, among post-traumatic myelopathies, a specific entity in which clinical and radiological features are not extensive but are strictly limited to the perilesional zone.Setting:The data set of the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Department of Nantes, France.Methods:A systematic analysis of all traumatic spinal cord injury ...
Hu Jianzhong J Department of Sports Medicine, Research Center of Sports Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410008, People's Republic of - - 2013
Although a large number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions are performed annually, there remains a considerable amount of controversy over whether an autograft or an allograft should be used. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the clinical outcomes of allograft and autograft in primary ACL reconstruction. The ...
Akerstedt Torbjörn - - 2012
Sleepiness is linked to accidents and reduced performance, and is usually attributed to short/poor prior sleep and sleepiness. However, while the link between reduced sleep and subsequent sleepiness is well established in laboratory experiments of sleep reduction, very little is known about the day-to-day variation of sleepiness in everyday life ...
Cippà Pietro E - - 2012
Survival of lymphocytes and melanocyte stem cells critically depends on B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). In T lymphocytes, a basal calcineurin activity maintains Bcl-2 expression in naïve cells, and the activation of the calcineurin pathway orchestrates the regulation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway after antigen recognition. Therefore, calcineurin inhibitors might ...
Shizuka Daizaburo - - 2012
Parental food allocation in birds has long been a focal point for life history and parent-offspring conflict theories. In asynchronously hatching species, parents are thought to either adjust brood size through death of marginal offspring (brood reduction), or feed the disadvantaged chicks to reduce the competitive hierarchy (parental compensation). Here, ...
Mashima Ryuichi - - 2012
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lung with airflow obstruction and bronchospasm, characterized by pulmonary eosinophilia, airway remodeling, increased airway hyperresponsiveness to environmental stimuli, and excessive Th2-type cytokine production. Recent studies indicate that crosstalk between the innate and adaptive immune systems is crucial for this disease. We and ...
Oliveira Jefferson Xavier de - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between degenerative bone changes of the head of the mandible and the presence of joint effusion (JE). This study was based on sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports of 148 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) of 74 patients complaining of pain ...
Plainchont Bertrand - - 2012
The validation of a molecular organic structure on the basis of 1D and 2D HSQC, COSY and HMBC NMR spectra is proposed as an alternative to the methods that are mainly based on chemical shift prediction. The CCASA software was written for this purpose. It provides an updated and improved ...
Shynlova Oksana - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the mechanism of uterine activation during labour, both term (TL) and preterm (PTL). We hypothesized that the peripheral leucocytes are recruited to uterine tissues by locally produced cytokines where they contribute to the initiation of parturition. Mouse uteri were collected (i) during gestation, TL and ...
Majumder M - - 2012
We report resistivity, magnetization and (19)F NMR results in a polycrystalline sample of SmFeAsO(0.86)F(0.14). The resistivity and magnetization data show a sharp drop at 48 K indicating a superconducting transition. The nuclear spin-lattice rate (1/T(1)) and spin-spin relaxation rate (1/T(2)) clearly show the existence of a structural phase transition near 163 K ...
Guan Ji-Lin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prognostic and predictive value of KRAS mutations in patients with lung cancer is controversial. Biases in disease stage, treatment regimen, small-scale patient studies, and biomarker status have led to inconsistent results in previous reports. METHODS: The KRAS and EGFR genes were examined in 1935 consecutive patients with non-small ...
Lee Tsair-Fwu - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: With advances in modern radiotherapy (RT), many patients with head and neck (HN) cancer can be effectively cured. However, xerostomia is a common complication in patients after RT for HN cancer. The purpose of this study was to use the Lyman--Kutcher--Burman (LKB) model to derive parameters for the ...
Lee Jong Hoon - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the significance of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level as a predictor for tumor response to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and a prognosticator for survival in Asian patients with advanced rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 345 patients with primary rectal cancer who had undergone preoperative ...
Chou Wan-Ting WT Division of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health and Forensic Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. - - 2013
It is unclear whether weight change since young adulthood affects the risk of mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate weight change since age 20 in relation to the risk of CVD mortality. A total of 41,364 eligible Japanese men and women aged ...
Silva Neto M B - - 2012
We investigate the unusual magnetic, thermodynamic and transport properties of nearly-critical, weakly-itinerant ferromagnets with the general formula UTX, where T=Rh, Co and X=Ge, Si. As a unique feature of these systems, we show how changes in the V(df) hybridization, which controls their proximity to a ferromagnetic instability, determine the evolution ...
Fearon Kenneth - - 2012
Cancer cachexia is a metabolic syndrome that can be present even in the absence of weight loss ('precachexia'). Cachexia is often compounded by pre-existing muscle loss, and is exacerbated by cancer therapy. Furthermore, cachexia is frequently obscured by obesity, leading to under-diagnosis and excess mortality. Muscle wasting (the signal event ...
Vora Avni - - 2012
Background: Synovial sarcomas are uncommon malignancies that mainly affect adolescents and young adults. Most arise from the deep soft tissues of the extremities, but they can occur in other parts of the body such as the lung. Synovial sarcomas after radiation therapy are rare, in contrast with other sarcomas, with ...
Huang Shr-Wei - - 2012
Clostridial diseases are zoonoses and are classified as soil-borne diseases. Clostridium chauvoei and Clostridium tetani cause blackleg disease and tetanus, respectively. Since bacteria and spores are re-distributed by floods and then, subsequently, contaminate soils, pastures, and water; the case numbers associated with clostridial diseases usually increase after floods. Because Taiwan ...
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