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Romualdi E - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most relevant causes of maternal death in industrialized countries. Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), continued throughout the entire pregnancy and puerperium, is currently the preferred treatment for patients with acute VTE occurred during pregnancy. However, evidences on the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant ...
Murata Toshihiro - - 2012
An extract of Clethra barbinervis with an inhibitory effect on hyaluronidase activity was fractionated guided by the results of an assay. From the active fractions, seven new triterpene saponins (1-4 and 6-8) and a new lignan glycoside (14) were isolated together with 14 known compounds (5, 9-13, and 15-22). Some ...
Healy R A - - 2012
Fungal mitospores may function as dispersal units and/ or spermatia and thus play a role in distribution and/or mating of species that produce them. Mitospore production in ectomycorrhizal (EcM) Pezizales is rarely reported, but here we document mitospore production by a high diversity of EcM Pezizales on three continents, in ...
Costa Rubén D - - 2012
The linear and non-linear optical properties of a family of dumbbell-shaped dinuclear complexes, in which an oligothiophene chain with various numbers of rings (1, 3, and 6) acts as a bridge between two homoleptic tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) complexes, have been fully investigated by using a range of spectroscopic techniques (absorption and luminescence, ...
Lüchtenberg M - - 2012
Background: The results of endonasal dacryocystorhinostomies (DCR) with transillumination and intubation are presented.Materials and Methods: In the period from 1999 to 2009 follow-up examinations of 50 endonasal DCRs were carried out. All patients over 18 were included. The files were systematically evaluated. The follow-up examinations were performed after a minimum ...
Stobaugh Jordan T - - 2012
The need for multidimensional separations for bottom-up proteomic analyses has been well demonstrated by many over the past decade. The vast majority of reported approaches have focused primarily on improving the separation once the sample has already been digested. The work presented in this study shows an improvement in multidimensional ...
Parisod C - - 2012
Introgression of sequences from crop species in wild relatives is of fundamental and practical concern. Here, we address gene flow between cultivated wheat and its widespread polyploid relative, Aegilops triuncialis, using 12 EST-SSR markers mapped on wheat chromosomes. The presence of wheat diagnostic alleles in natural populations of the barbed ...
Kotzé Sanet Henriët - - 2012
Many studies have reported on the perceptions of medical students toward dissection. It is important to understand the feelings and symptoms experienced during dissection so that they can be adequately handled. Prior to dissection, first year students are given lectures on aspects of dissection, death and dying, and death rituals ...
Donovan Jeff - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a type of primary scarring alopecia. The pathogenesis is poorly understood, although traumatic skin injury has been implicated in some cases. OBJECTIVE: To present 17 patients diagnosed with LPP after hair transplant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of patients referred ...
You Liang - - 2012
An efficient and environment friendly surface-protected etching method by using mesoporous silica as a template and alkaline polyelectrolyte as both the protecting and etching agent was developed to prepare a SiO(2) nanotube with a porous shell. The polyelectrolytes attached to the template not only create a localized alkaline environment, but ...
Knapp D W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin combined with a nonselective cyclooxygenase (cox) inhibitor has potent antitumor activity against transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in dogs, but this treatment is limited by renal toxicosis. Cox-2 is expressed in TCC, but only in limited sites within the kidney. A cox-2 inhibitor could enhance the antitumor activity of ...
Rosanò L - - 2012
Despite the fundamental pathophysiological importance of β-catenin in tumor progression, the mechanism underlying its final transcriptional output has been partially elucidated. Here, we report that β-arrestin-1 (β-arr1) is an epigenetic regulator of endothelin (ET)-1-induced β-catenin signaling in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). In response to ET A receptor (ET(A)R) activation by ...
Xue Leigang - - 2012
Si has the highest theoretical capacity among all known anode materials, but it suffers from the dramatic volume change upon repeated lithiation and delithiation processes. In order to overcome the severe volume change, Si nanoparticles were first coated with a polymer-driven carbon layer, and then dispersed in a CNT network. ...
Kanda Y - - 2012
Although there are many commercially available statistical software packages, only a few implement a competing risk analysis or a proportional hazards regression model with time-dependent covariates, which are necessary in studies on hematopoietic SCT. In addition, most packages are not clinician friendly, as they require that commands be written based ...
Karanth N Megha - - 2012
The solution structure of IlvN, the regulatory subunit of E. coli Acetohydroxyacid synthase I, in the valine bound form has been determined using high resolution multidimensional, multinuclear NMR methods. IlvN in the presence or absence of the effector molecule is present as a 22.5 kDa dimeric molecule. The ensemble of ...
Huws S A - - 2012
This study investigated successional colonisation of perennial ryegrass (PRG) by the rumen microbiota. PRG grown for 6 weeks in a greenhouse was incubated in sacco in the rumens of three Holstein x Freisian cows over a period of 24 h. PRG incubated within the rumen was subsequently harvested at various ...
Croll Jasmine - - 2012
We carried out a six month scoping study to ascertain current health service needs in the Queensland towns of Dalby, Chinchilla and Miles. The towns have a high proportion of their populations in the dependent age groups of over 65 years of age and less than 14 years of age. ...
Cassimatis Mandy - - 2012
We reviewed the effect of behavioural telehealth interventions on glycaemic control and diabetes self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes. The databases CINAHL, Medline and psychINFO were searched in August 2012. Journal articles were selected that had been published in English with a randomized controlled trial design using a usual ...
Koehler J Michael - - 2012
A micro continuous-flow process was applied for the preparation of swellable polyacrylamid particles incorporating silver nanoparticles. These sensor particles are formed from a mixture of a colloidal solution of silver nanoparticles and monomer by a droplet-based procedure with in-situ photoinitiation of polymerization and a subsequent silver enforcement in batch. The ...
Lim Xinhong - - 2012
The skin and its appendages constitute the largest organ of the body. Its stratified epithelia offer protection from environmental stresses such as dehydration, irradiation, mechanical trauma, and pathogenic infection, whereas its appendages, like hair and sebaceous glands, help regulate body temperature as well as influence animal interaction and social behavior ...
Markovits Henry - - 2012
In 2 experiments, we tested a strong version of a dual process theory of conditional inference (cf. Verschueren et al., 2005a, 2005b) that assumes that most reasoners have 2 strategies available, the choice of which is determined by situational variables, cognitive capacity, and metacognitive control. The statistical strategy evaluates inferences ...
Zhou Ping-Xin - - 2012
Two different cyclic amino esters are synthesized by palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of diazoesters with N-substituted-2-iodoanilines. Aryldiazoacetates lead to cyclic α-amino esters with an α-quaternary carbon centre in the presence of CO. Additionally, arylvinyldiazoacetates afford cyclic α,β-unsaturated γ-amino esters.
Lin Kenneth - - 2012
Hyperbranched glycopolymers containing mannose units in the branch point were synthesized through the co-polymerization of a mannose inimer and mannose acrylate via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Incorporating a saccharide residue at the branch point results in a closer analogue to natural branched polysaccharides. Gel permeation chromatography characterization of the ...
Bang Jensen Britt - - 2012
Pancreas disease (PD) is an economically important viral disease in Norwegian aquaculture, with 75 to 89 annual outbreaks from 2009 to 2011. To hinder further spread of disease from an initial endemic area on the west coast of Norway, measures for surveillance and control are in place, and the disease ...
Guo Wei - - 2012
We report ligand-free synthesis of colloidal metallic nanoparticles using liquid-phase pulsed laser ablation, and electrophoretic deposition of the nanoparticles for fabrication of Cu(In,Ga)Se(2) (CIGS) thin film solar cells. First, colloidal metallic nanoparticles of Cu-In and Cu-Ga alloys are produced by pulsed laser ablation in common organic solvents without using stabilizing ...
Li Yuqin - - 2012
The mechanism of interaction between deoxynivalenol (DON) and human serum albumin (HSA) was studied using spectroscopic methods including fluorescence spectra, UV-VIS, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and circular dichroism (CD). The quenching mechanism was investigated in terms of the association constants, number of binding sites and basic thermodynamic parameters. The distance ...
Makai Peter - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess labor productivity, perceived effectiveness, and sustainability of a national quality program that sought to stimulate efficiency gains through increased labor productivity while maintaining quality through implementing small-scale innovation projects. DESIGN: Longitudinal measures of labor productivity and quality were collected at baseline and after completion of the innovation ...
Sampaio Rafael V - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Melatonin inclusion into in vitro oocyte maturation (IVM) protocols has been suggested because it possesses a powerful free radical scavenger capability that improves the quality of the oocyte used in in vitro embryo production (IVP). The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of melatonin membrane ...
Kirisci Levent - - 2012
Age at the time of first alcohol and cannabis use was investigated in relation to a measure of transmissible (intergenerational) risk for addiction in childhood and development of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and cannabis use disorder (CUD). It was hypothesized that age at the time of first experience with either ...
Bennett Kymberley K - - 2012
This study examined associations between self-blame attributions, control appraisals and distress among cardiovascular disease patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programme. Questionnaire data were collected from 129 patients at the beginning and end of CR. We found little evidence that characterological self-blame (CSB) affects distress symptoms, but behavioural self-blame ...
Wykrętowicz M - - 2012
There is a correlation between renal function and the morphological characteristics of the kidney. However, little is known about the association between renal morphology and other important predictors of the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as central haemodynamics or body fat. Thus, in the present study, we investigated correlations between ...
Rodriguez-Oroz Maria C - - 2012
The surgical lesion of different brain structures has been used as a treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD) for several decades. More recently, the favored therapeutic approach has involved the administration of levodopa and the use of DBS. These two major therapeutic advances have greatly modified both the clinical condition of ...
Perdereau E - - 2012
Biological invasions are recognized as a major threat to both natural and managed ecosystems. Phylogeographic and population genetic analyses can provide information about the geographical origins and patterns of introduction and explain the causes and mechanisms by which introduced species have become successful invaders. Reticulitermes flavipes is a North American ...
Larkan N J - - 2012
LepR3, found in the Brassica napus cv 'Surpass 400', provides race-specific resistance to the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, which was overcome after great devastation in Australia in 2004. We investigated the LepR3 locus to identify the genetic basis of this resistance interaction. We employed a map-based cloning strategy, exploiting collinearity ...
Filatov Mikhail A - - 2012
A synthetic route to symmetrical tetraaryltetraanthra[2,3]porphyrins (Ar4TAP) was developed. Ar4TAP bearing various substituents in meso-phenyls and anthracene residues were prepared from the corresponding pyrrolic precursors. The synthesized porphyrins possess high solubility and exhibit remarkably strong absorption bands in the near-infrared region (790-950 nm). The scope of the method, selection of ...
Assary Rajeev S - - 2012
Crosstown traffic: Further development of Li-O(2) batteries may eventually lead to their use in transportation applications. One problem that needs to be addressed is electrolyte decomposition, which has been partially mitigated by using ether- rather than carbonate-based solvents. The influence of oxygen crossover from the cathode to the anode on ...
Li D - - 2012
Involvement of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in carcinogenesis has been suggested in many studies. Upregulation of AHR has been reported in some cancer species, and an association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of AHR and cancer risk or cancer development has also been reported. This evidence suggests the involvement of ...
Van Kleef Gerben A - - 2012
Intergroup conflicts are ubiquitous-they occur, for instance, between (work)groups, departments, organizations, political parties, or nations. Such conflicts are commonly addressed through negotiations, in which representatives negotiate on behalf of their constituency. Intergroup negotiations are complex, as representatives need to navigate between the interests of their own constituency and the other ...
Tsai Ming-An - - 2012
Seventy-six Taiwanese bacterial isolates including 74 from diseased, cultured, aquatic animals (54 grey mullet Mugil cephalus, 3 basket mullet Chelon alatus, 2 tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, 1 grouper Epinephelus coioides, 2 yellowfin seabream Acanthopagrus latus, 1 Borneo mullet Chelon macrolepis, 1 bullfrog Rana catesbeiana, 1 Japanese eel Anguilla japonica, and 9 ...
Lameris Anke L - - 2012
Abstract Background. Claudins, being part of the tight junction protein family, partially determine the integrity and paracellular permeability of the intestinal epithelium. The aim of this study was twofold. First, the authors set out to create an overview of claudin mRNA expression along the proximal-distal axis of the healthy human ...
Erben Esteban D - - 2012
Pin1-type peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases) isomerise the peptide bond of specific phosphorylated (Ser/Thr)-Pro residues, regulating various cellular events. Previously, we reported a Pin1-type PPIase in Trypanosoma cruzi, but little is known about its function and subcellular localization. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that in contrast with Pin1-like proteins from diverse organisms, TcPin1 ...
Teo Teck-Hui - - 2012
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus that causes chronic and incapacitating arthralgia in humans. Injury to the joint is believed to occur because of viral and host immune-mediated effects. However, the exact involvement of the different immune mediators in CHIKV-induced pathogenesis is unknown. In this study, we assessed the roles ...
Zhou Kun - - 2012
The first macrocycle-based high-nuclearity nanocluster [Ag(20)(S(t)Bu)(10)(CF(3)COO)(2)](8+) in complex , with a sandwich-like structure constructed by bilevel inversion Ag(5)S(5) pentagrams and an interlayer Ag(10) ring, has been obtained. Structure analysis indicates that Cl(-) acts as an anion template to direct the formation of . In addition, the photoluminescent property of complex ...
Iwasaki Kazuto - - 2012
Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells (RBMCs) in beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) blocks containing extracellar matrix (ECM) produced by human alveolar bone periosteal cells (HABPCs). Methods: HABPCs were cultured in the β-TCP blocks (HABPCs/β-TCP blocks) for 1 week ...
Lo Lun-Chien - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the major health issues worldwide. An increasing number of cancer patients are offered treatment with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the most common complementary therapies offered to cancer patients in Taiwan. We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical ...
Yu Lan-Ping - - 2012
Vibrio anguillarum, a Gram-negative bacterial pathogen, is the causative agent of vibriosis that affects a wide range of aquatic animals. In this study, we obtained a mutant V. anguillarum, C312M, derived from the pathogenic V. anguillarum C312 by selection of rifampicin resistance. C312M was slower in growth than the wild ...
Akoensi Thomas D - - 2012
In Part II of this article, we present the results of a systematic review of European evidence on the effectiveness of domestic violence perpetrator programs. After searching through 10,446 titles, we discovered only 12 studies that evaluated the effectiveness of a perpetrator program in some systematic manner. The studies applied ...
Ryan Suzanne - - 2012
Background:Red ear syndrome is characterised by episodic unilateral erythema of the ear associated with pain and burning sensation.Patients and methods:We describe the case of a young woman with daily, frequent, recurrent episodes of red ear syndrome in the absence of any structural lesions, primary headache disorder or obvious triggers. We ...
Dunn Kelly E - - 2012
Oral naltrexone has high potential for use as a relapse prevention pharmacotherapy for opiate dependence yet suffers from notoriously poor adherence. This study evaluated whether entry to a therapeutic workplace could reinforce adherence with oral naltrexone. Opiate-dependent and cocaine-using injection drug users were detoxified, inducted onto oral naltrexone, and randomly ...
Salama Hosny - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: This prospective cohort study aimed at assessing the influence of stem cell therapy (SCT) on health related quality of life (HRQOL) using the SF-36 v2 and to elucidate the influence of objective clinical variables on subjective HRQOL. METHODS: The study included 100 chronic liver disease patients [50 received ...
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