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Results 601 - 650 of 4077
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Yasuda Naoko - - 2012
Growth anomalies (GAs) in corals are characterized by morphological abnormalities of the skeleton as well as polyps and coenosarcs. GAs commonly appear as protuberances with fewer polyps and are paler in color due to decreased zooxanthellae density. To test the hypothesis that morphological anomalies in GAs may be caused by ...
Lannerstedt Hans - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the predictive value of transient elastography (TE), easy available biochemical scores and a combination of these to detect advanced liver fibrosis (i.e. fibrosis stage ≥F3) in patients with chronic liver disease of different etiologies. Material and methods. A valid TE was obtained in 418 patients with ...
Dooley Christopher M - - 2012
We present here the positional cloning of the Danio rerio albino mutant and show that the affected gene encodes Slc45a2. The human orthologous gene has previously been shown to be involved in human skin color variation and mutations therein have been implicated in the disease OCA 4. Through ultrastructural analysis ...
Thomson Samuel - - 2012
Background: Adolescents with anorexia nervosa rarely present themselves as having a problem and are usually reliant on parents to recognise the problem and facilitate help-seeking. This study aimed to investigate parents' experiences of recognising that their child had an eating problem and deciding to seek help.Methods: A qualitative study with ...
Mocharla Vani P - - 2012
CA II makes a good PET: Discovering positron emission tomography (PET) probes with high target affinities is challenging. PET probe discovery using in situ click chemistry uses (19) F-bearing fragments as (18) F surrogates. This ensures that the lead hits and PET probes have equivalent chemical or biological characteristics, making PET probe discovery ...
Teachman Gail - - 2012
There is a paucity of explicit literature outlining methods for single-interview studies with children, and almost none have focused on engaging children with disabilities. Drawing from a pilot study, we address these gaps by describing innovative techniques, strategies, and methods for engaging children and youth with disabilities in a single ...
Scott John D - - 2012
The Pacific Northwest of the US is a large, sparsely populated region. A telehealth programme called Project ECHO (Extension for Community Health Outcomes) was tested in this region in 2009. Weekly videoconferences were held in the areas of hepatitis C, chronic pain, integrated addictions and psychiatry, and HIV/AIDS. Rural clinicians ...
Chen Giin-Shan - - 2012
Taking plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposited porous SiOCH (p-SiOCH) and octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) as model cases, this study elucidates the chemical reaction pathways for alkyl-based self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on porous carbon-doped organosilica films under N2-H2 vacuum plasma illumination. In contrast to previous findings that carboxylic groups are found in alkyl-based SAMs only ...
Saha Nemai - - 2012
A diastereodivergent preparation of two N-alkenylnitrones (9 and 11) from easily available R-2,3-O-cyclohexylideneglyceraldehyde (5) led to an enantiodivergent synthesis of both enantiomers of the Dendrobate alkaloid 241D in a sequential two-directional approach involving intramolecular nitrone cycloaddition as the key step. Either of these two nitrones could, in principle, be utilized ...
Moreno-Sánchez Rafael - - 2012
Succinate-driven oxidation via CII may have a significant contribution towards the high rates of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by mitochondria. Here, we show that the CII Q site inhibitor, TTFA blocks succinate + rotenone-driven ROS production, whereas the CIII Qo inhibitor stigmatellin has no effect, indicating CII, not CIII ...
Sayed Suheir A - - 2012
Introduction: After a training period, patients maintained on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) assume responsibility for their own treatment. With the aid of appropriate tools, home visits help with ongoing evaluation and training for these patients. METHODS: We conducted a home visit survey of 50 patients maintained on CAPD in ...
Hayashi Hiroshi - - 2012
Background: Previous studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) had less atrophy in some medial temporal structures than Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, very few studies have focused on the entorhinal cortex, which is closely related to episodic memory. We compared the degree of entorhinal ...
Yardimci Dicle - - 2012
The preparation of dinuclear rhodium clusters and their use as catalysts is challenging because these clusters are unstable, evolving readily into species with higher nuclearities. We now present a novel synthetic route to generate rhodium dimers on the surface of MgO by a stoichiometrically simple surface-mediated reaction involving [Rh(C(2) H(4) ...
Nikogeorgos Nikolaos - - 2012
Measurements have been made of the adhesion and friction forces between organic monolayers in heptane/acetone mixtures using an atomic force microscope (AFM). It has been found that the contact mechanics are best modeled by treating the friction force as the sum of a load-dependent term (attributed to "molecular plowing") and ...
Tan Hui Yin - - 2012
Molecular diversity of protists from bovine rumen fluid incubated with condensed tannins of Leucaena leucocephala hybrid-Rendang at 20 mg/500 mg dry matter (treatment) or without condensed tannins (control) was investigated using 18S rRNA gene library. Clones from the control library were distributed within nine genera, but clones from the condensed tannin treatment ...
Vintzileos Anthony M - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of the referees in assisting with the peer review process of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. STUDY DESIGN: A one-page questionnaire was mailed to 1,391 referees of two journals, the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics and Gynecology. The referees were asked how ...
Ganesan Muthupandian - - 2012
A novel protecting group directed diversity leading to the synthesis of bridged bicyclic and six-membered iminocyclitols from a common carbohydrate derived diamino triol under Mitsunobu conditions is reported. When the intramolecular cyclization of benzoyl derivative was carried out under Mitsunobu conditions, an unprecedented one-pot domino intramolecular "cyclization-N → O benzoyl ...
Grammatico-Guillon L - - 2012
AIM: Little is known about bone and joint infections (BJIs) in children, despite the risk of growth disturbance. This study examined BJIs epidemiology using the French National Hospital Discharge Database (HD). METHODS: Any child <15 years hospitalised with an HD diagnosis of BJI, alone or in combination with sepsis or ...
Hess Jon E - - 2012
Unlike most anadromous fishes that have evolved strict homing behaviour, Pacific lamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) seem to lack philopatry as evidenced by minimal population structure across the species range. Yet unexplained findings of within-region population genetic heterogeneity coupled with the morphological and behavioural diversity described for the species suggest that adaptive ...
Smedes Foppe - - 2012
The freely dissolved concentration (Cw,0) in the pore water and the accessible (releasable) concentration in the sediment (Cas,0) are important parameters for risk assessment. These parameters were determined by equilibrating contaminated sediments and passive sampler using largely differing sampler-sediment ratios. This method is based on the principle that incubations at ...
Verdicchio Marco - - 2012
The electronic structure of the Beryllium-Hydride anion, BeH(-), was investigated at valence Full-Configuration-Interaction (FCI) level, using large cc-pV6Z basis sets. It appears that there is a deep change of the wavefunction nature as a function of the internuclear distance:the ion structure goes from a weakly bonded Be...H(-) complex, at long ...
Tompane Trevor - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Diagnostic imaging procedures (DIPs) producing radiation exposure in children have been associated with increased cancer risk. To develop effective clinical practice interventions that reduce pediatric radiation exposure, a longitudinal assessment of DIP ordering practices in the current clinical climate was performed. Our objective was to determine the prevalence ...
Li Ai-Li - - 2012
The present study was planned to explore the effect of L.acidophilus on the Th17 immune response in a mouse model of β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) allergy.Bovine β-lg sensitised BALB/c mice were orally administered with different doses of heat-killed L. acidophilus (low, 5×10(7) CFU; medium, 5×10(8)CFU; high, 5×10(9)CFU) in 200 μL of PBS ...
Chaparro Eduardo - - 2012
Caspase inhibitors are usually administered intracranially. There's very limited evidence showing that they can be used intraperitoneally, and still have a beneficial effect. We tested the hypothesis that, during focal cerebral ischemia, caspase inhibitors when used in combination with an anesthetic agent results in a significantly reduction in the neuronal ...
Pett Marjorie A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability and validity and to decrease the battery of items in the Pain Care Quality (PainCQ(©) ) Surveys. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Patient-reported data were collected prospectively from 337 hospitalized adult patients with pain on medical/surgical oncology units in four hospitals in three states. STUDY DESIGN: This ...
Jørgensen Kirsten - - 2012
Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate absence from work in Denmark due to occupational and non-occupational accidents. Background: Since the beginning of the last decade, political focus has been placed on the population's working capacity and the scope of absence due to illness. Absence from work ...
Bagny Beilhe L - - 2012
Two invasive, container-breeding mosquito species, Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) and Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta) (Diptera: Culicidae), have different distribution patterns on Reunion Island. Aedes albopictus occurs in all areas and Ae. aegypti colonizes only some restricted areas already occupied by Ae. albopictus. This study investigates the abiotic and biotic ecological ...
Boucoiran Isabelle - - 2012
Objective To determine the accuracy of placental growth factor (PlGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), and inhibin A in singleton and multiple-gestation pregnancies for predicting preeclampsia (PE) and small for gestational age (SGA).Study Design A prospective cohort nested in a randomized controlled trial of antioxidant supplementation for the prevention of PE. Plasma ...
Wang Gang - - 2012
Both disease diagnosis and therapeutic treatments require real-time information from assays capable of identifying multiple targets. Among various multiplexed biochips, multiplexed suspension assays of QD (Quantum Dot)-encoded microspheres are highly advantageous. This arises from the excellent fluorescent properties of the QDs incorporated into these microspheres, thus allowing them to serve ...
Chauton Matilde Skogen - - 2012
Regulation of carbon metabolism in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum at cell, metabolite and gene expression level in exponential fed-batch cultures is reported. Transcriptional profiles and cell chemistry sampled simultaneously at all time-points provide a comprehensive data set on carbon incorporation, fate and regulation. An increase in Nile Red fluorescence (a ...
Sairanen Ilkka - - 2012
Plants are necessarily highly competitive and have finely tuned mechanisms to adjust growth and development in accordance with opportunities and limitations in their environment. Sugars from photosynthesis form an integral part of this growth control process, acting as both an energy source and as signaling molecules in areas targeted for ...
Li Na - - 2012
The degradation behaviors of catechins in dilute aqueous systems including tea beverages and catechin solutions have been documented; however, their reaction kinetics in green tea concentrated solutions, and impacts of pH, concentration, and temperature thereon, have not yet been established. In this study, reactions were conducted at pH levels ranging ...
Franczyk-Skóra Beata - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular deaths account for about 40% of all deaths of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), particularly those on dialysis, while sudden cardiac death (SCD) might be responsible for as many as 60% of SCD in patients undergoing dialysis. Studies have demonstrated a number of factors occurring in hemodialysis ...
Liu Baodan - - 2012
Pseudobinary solid-solution semiconductor nanowires made of (GaP)1-x(ZnS)x, (ZnS)1-x(GaP)x and (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x were synthesized based on an elaborative compositional, structural and synthetic designs. Using analytical high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), we confirm that the structure uniformity and a lattice match between the two constituting binary components ...
de Lima Flávia Oliveira - - 2012
The present study investigates the antinociceptive properties of lupeol in models of inflammatory and post-operative pain, as well as its mechanisms of action. The effects of lupeol were tested against acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin test, carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia, and post-operative pain model. Cytokine levels were determined by ELISA. Mice motor performance ...
de la Hera Diego Pablo - - 2012
P-type ion pumps are membrane transporters that have been classified into five subfamilies termed P1-P5. The ion transported by the P5-ATPases is not known. Five genes named ATP13A1-ATP13A5 that belong to the P5-ATPase group have been identified in humans. Mutations of the human gene ATP13A2 underlie a form of Parkinson's ...
Moore D R - - 2012
Most centers utilize phone or written surveys to screen candidates who self-refer to be living kidney donors. To increase efficiency and reduce resource utilization, we developed a web-based application to screen kidney donor candidates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of this web-based application. Method and ...
Sanz Raúl - - 2012
Herein, we report on a new Cu-based MOF material, Cu(2)(dhtp), structurally homologous to the honeycomb-like M(2)(dhtp) series. This has been crystallized under solvothermal conditions using copper nitrate and 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid as an organic linker, being the nature of the co-solvent in the synthesis media an important variable over the final ...
van Vliet Deliane - - 2012
Background/Aims: Knowledge about neuropsychiatric symptoms in young-onset Alzheimer's disease (YO-AD) is scarce, but essential to establish a prognosis and plan care for YO-AD patients. The aim of this study is to assess frequency parameters of neuropsychiatric symptoms in YO-AD over 2 years and investigate whether there are differences compared with ...
Ogoshi Tomoki - - 2012
We developed "cyclic host liquids (CHLs)" as a new type of solvent. The CHLs are nonvolatile, liquid over a wide temperature range, biocompatible, recyclable, have high thermal stability and are miscible with many organic solvents. Compared with typical complexation systems, the CHL system is extremely efficient for maintaining host-guest complexation ...
Schreier Günter - - 2012
Patients with diabetes were enrolled into a telemonitoring programme. They were offered the choice of collecting their health data either by using Near Field Communication (NFC) enabled mobile phones equipped with a dedicated application (App), or by means of a web-browser based user interface (Web). At the end of the ...
Gu Long - - 2012
Based on a vertically aligned ultra-long Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) nanowire array fabricated using electrospinning nanofibers, we developed a new type of integrated nanogenerator (NG) with ultra-high output voltage of 209 V and current density of 23.5 μA/cm2, which are 3.6 times and 2.9 times of the previous record values respectively. The ...
Reitsma Marit - - 2012
Photoinitiators used in food packaging ink, such as 2-isopropylthioxanthone (2-ITX), have been shown to migrate into food and beverages. Recently, several studies indicated that 2-ITX might be an endocrine disrupting chemical. In the present work, the effects of 2-ITX, 4-isopropylthioxanthone (4-ITX), 2,4-diethylthioxanthone (2,4-diethyl-TX), 2-chlorothioxanthone (2-chloro-TX) and 1-chloro-4-propoxythioxanthone (1-chloro-4-propoxy-TX) on steroidogenesis ...
Zhuo Chun-Xiang - - 2012
This Review summarizes the development of catalytic asymmetric dearomatization (CADA) reactions. The CADA reactions discussed herein include oxidative dearomatization reactions, dearomatization by Diels-Alder and related reactions, the alkylative dearomatization of electron-rich arenes, transition-metal-catalyzed dearomatization reactions, cascade sequences involving asymmetric dearomatization as the key step, and nucleophilic dearomatization reactions of pyridinium ...
Morad Samy A F - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth and its uncontrolled activation is a hallmark of cancer. Moreover, mTOR activation has been implicated in the resistance of cancer cells to many anticancer drugs rendering this pathway a promising pharmacotherapeutic target. Here we explored the capability ...
Gaudreault Valérie - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased cardiac morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate exercise-induced hypertension (EIH) in men with metabolic syndrome and to explore potential associations with anthropometric and metabolic variables. Methods: A total of 179 normotensive men with metabolic syndrome underwent a maximal symptom-limited ...
Boas Nogueira Andressa Vilas - - 2012
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of orthodontic movement (OM) on the periodontal tissues of rats suffering from ligature-induced periodontal disease (P). Methods: 88 rats were divided into four groups: 1- negative control (sham operated), 2 - P, 3 - orthodontic movement (OM), 4 - P followed by ...
Valenti Maria Teresa - - 2012
N-truncated and N-modified forms of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide are found in diffused and dense core plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Among them, the most abundant N-truncated peptide starts with pyroglutamyl at residue 3 (AβpE3). AβpE3 has increased aggregation potential and toxicity and its abundance has been reported to correlate ...
Filippi L - - 2012
Summary Objective: While propranolol pharmacokinetics has been extensively studied in adults, this study reports the first evaluation of propranolol pharmacokinetics in term and preterm neonates. Methods: Propranolol concentrations were measured in four term and thirty-two preterm newborns treated with oral propranolol at the dose of 0.5 or 0.25 mg/kg every ...
Unteregger M - - 2012
Blastic plasmacytoid DC neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare haematopoietic malignancy with an aggressive behaviour. We evaluated five patients allografted as consolidative treatment with an unrelated donor in first or subsequent remission. Four patients received a reduced intensity-conditioning regimen because of age or co-morbidities. As the stem cell sources, two umbilical ...
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