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Yuan Jiang - - 2012
Keratin is an important protein used for wound healing and tissue recovery. In this study, keratin was first extracted from raw materials and chemically modified to obtain stable keratin (m-keratin). The raw and m-keratin were examined by Raman spectroscopy. The molecular weight of the m-keratin was analysed by SDS-PAGE. The ...
Li Jia - - 2012
We established a novel gene expression analysis platform, Multiplex Competitive RT-PCR Using Fluorescent Universal Primers (MCF-PCR), to study multi-gene expression patterns simultaneously. This platform combines fluorescent universal primers, multiplex competitive RT-PCR, and capillary electrophoretic separation, which ensures MCF-PCR a reliable, medium-throughput, cost-effective technology for gene expression profiling. With cloned standard ...
Megison Michael L ML University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood, is responsible for over 15 % of pediatric cancer deaths. We have shown that neuroblastoma cell lines overexpress focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase that controls a number of tumorigenic pathways. In this study, we hypothesized that inhibition ...
Fineberg Naomi A - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Prospective longitudinal studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and sub-diagnostic obsessive-compulsive symptomatology in the non-clinical population, using age-defined cohorts, are rare. This study aimed to investigate the effect of OC symptoms on distress and psychosocial function and the effect of early-onset OC symptoms. Methods: 591 subjects drawn from the ...
Young Mary H MH Integrated Department of Immunology, National Jewish Health and University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80206, - - 2013
T lymphocytes express clonal receptors, called T cell receptors (TCRs), which specifically recognize antigens presented in combination with major histocompatibility molecules (MHC). To date, T cell antigens can be broadly categorized into two classes: peptides and lipids. A recent paper published in Nature by Kjer-Nielsen and colleagues reveals that a ...
van Eeghen Agnies M AM Department of Neurology, The Carol and James Herscot Center for Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
As relationships between autistic traits, epilepsy, and cognitive functioning remain poorly understood, these associations were explored in the biologically related disorders tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and epilepsy. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), a quantitative measure of autistic traits, was distributed to caregivers or companions of patients ...
Goorhuis A - - 2012
Travellers to tropical destinations who seek medical attention after returning to their home country often present with fever, frequently as a result of an imported infectious disease. For this reason, clinicians initially focus on an infectious cause when a clear relationship in time exists between travel and disease onset. We ...
Masson-Lecomte Alexandra - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors in pathologic node-positive patients after radical cystectomy are debated. Extranodal extension (ENE) and lymph node density (LND) are strong predictors of survival. The aim of this study was to assess factors predictive of survival and to evaluate the prognostic significance of the tumor, node, metastasis staging system ...
Hiragun M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common skin disorder, but its clinical course reported so far is largely variable, probably due to the heterogeneity of the clinical background of patients and pathogenesis of this disease. METHODS: To reveal the prognosis of refractory CSU, we retrospectively studied the patients who ...
Silva Gislaine Cristina Ferreira da - - 2012
Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis caused primarily by Ehrlichia canis and canine thrombocytic anaplasmosis induced by Anaplasma platys are important emerging zoonotic tick-borne diseases of dogs. There is evidence that these pathogens can also affect humans. This study evaluated the presence of E. canis and A. platys in blood samples collected from ...
Lawrie A S - - 2012
The ristocetin cofactor assay (VWF:RCo) is the reference method for assessing von Willebrand factor (VWF) activity in the diagnosis of von Willebrand's Disease (VWD). However, the assay suffers from poor reproducibility and sensitivity at low levels of VWF and is labour intensive. We have undertaken an evaluation of a new ...
Li Hao - - 2013
H(+)/K(+)-ATPase is a P-type ATP-driven cation transporter which exchanges ions (protons, chloride ions, and potassium ions) across the cell membrane. Modulators of H(+)/K(+)-ATPase affect H(+)/K(+) exchange. This article describes various H(+)/K(+)-ATPase inhibitors of biological importance in clinical studies and drug development for gastric acid-related diseases and gastrointestinal disorders. H(+)/K(+)-ATPase modulators ...
Weber Karl T - - 2012
The syncytium of cardiomyocytes in the heart is tethered within a matrix composed principally of type I fibrillar collagen. The matrix has diverse mechanical functions that ensure the optimal contractile efficiency of this muscular pump. In the diseased heart, cardiomyocytes are lost to necrotic cell death, and phenotypically transformed fibroblast-like ...
Atallah S - - 2012
Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is a new technique for the local excision of rectal neoplasia. This platform employs ordinary laparoscopic instruments to achieve high-quality local excision. The TAMIS platform, however, is quite versatile. Described here are applications of TAMIS beyond local excision, ranging from repair of a rectourethral fistula ...
Lajkó Eszter - - 2012
GnRH-III has been shown to exert a cytotoxic effect on the GnRH-R positive tumor cells. The chemotactic drug targeting (CDT) represents a new way for drug delivery approach based on selective chemoattractant guided targeting. The major goal of the present work was to develop and investigate various GnRH-III derivatives as ...
Yang Guofen - - 2012
PURPOSE: To characterize abnormal epigenetic changes and protein expression of the clusterin gene in a large series of ovarian malignant and borderline tumors. METHODS: Protein expression and promoter methylation of clusterin gene in 181 primary ovarian epithelial cancer, 40 borderline ovarian tumors, 54 ovarian cancer mesenteric metastasis, and 10 normal ...
Skorokhodova Alexandra Yu - - 2012
Two different approaches to activate the glyoxylate bypass in model Escherichia coli K-12 strains for succinate biosynthesis during dual-phase fermentation in minimal glucose media were examined. Inactivation of IclR and FadR, the transcriptional regulators of the aceBAK operon, were insufficient for the involvement of the glyoxylate bypass in anaerobic succinate ...
Austin Gregory L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:The adenoma detection rate (ADR) in screening colonoscopy is higher than original cost-effectiveness models estimated. Future colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is decreased once the ADR is 20%, but it is unclear how much additional protection is provided with higher ADRs. We modeled the impact of a high ADR on future ...
Secher Marion - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Weight loss and behavioral disturbances are frequent over the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and are risk factors for poor outcome. We investigated the impact of aberrant motor behavior (AMB) on weight changes in older adults with AD. The hypothesis that patients with AMB are more likely to lose ...
Thor Maria - - 2012
Background and purpose. Internal organ motion over a course of radiotherapy (RT) leads to uncertainties in the actual delivered dose distributions. In studies predicting RT morbidity, the single estimate of the delivered dose provided by the treatment planning computed tomography (pCT) is typically assumed to be representative of the dose ...
Ni Wenqin W Barnett Institute of Chemical and Biological Analysis and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Cystine knots or nested disulfides are structurally difficult to characterize, despite current technological advances in peptide mapping with high-resolution liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS). In the case of recombinant human arylsulfatase A (rhASA), there is one cystine knot at the C-terminal, a pair of nested disulfides at the ...
Killinger Kim A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Key differences between interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) subtypes (with and without Hunner's ulcer) have been noted. We hypothesized that pain characteristics in women grouped by IC/BPS subtype would differ. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 749 women to assess IC/BPS pain and other characteristics. Cystoscopy/hydrodistention reports ...
Fukuda Hidekazu - - 2012
Secretion of HCO3- at the apical side of the epithelial cells of the choroid plexus is an essential step in the formation of cerebrospinal fluid. Anion conductance with a high degree of HCO3- permeability has been observed and suggested to be the major pathway for HCO3- transport across the apical ...
Moe Ingvild Tronstad - - 2013
We recently reported that transgenic mice with cardiac-restricted overexpression of CCN2/CTGF have substantially increased tolerance towards ischemia/reperfusion injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent fully differentiated cardiac myocytes are direct targets of CCN2, and to resolve the signaling mechanisms that convey the cardioprotective actions of ...
StefaƄczyk Ludomir - - 2012
A case of femoral artery obstruction following application of a StarClose type arterial puncture closing device (APCD) is presented. Ultrasonographic and angiographic imaging of this complication was obtained. The posterior wall of the vessel was accidentally caught in the anchoring element of the nitinol clip. This complication was successfully resolved ...
Robbins Gregory K GK Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Infectious Diseases, 55 Fruit Street, Cox 5, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2012
Data to support improved patient outcomes from clinical decision-support systems (CDSSs) are lacking in HIV care. To test the efficacy of a CDSS in improving HIV outcomes in an outpatient clinic. Randomized, controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00678600) Massachusetts General Hospital HIV Clinic. HIV care providers and their patients. Computer ...
Zhao Wei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A limited sampling strategy (LSS) for estimating the area under the curve (AUC) of the prolonged-release formulation of tacrolimus (tacrolimus(PR)) is not available in pediatric patients, although the method is of real benefit to children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a reliable and clinically ...
Dewoody Rebecca R Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, - - 2013
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, utilizes a type III secretion system (T3SS) to intoxicate host cells. The injection of T3SS substrates must be carefully controlled, and dysregulation leads to altered infection kinetics and early clearance of Y. pestis. While the sequence of events leading up to cell contact and ...
Wanner Adam - - 2012
Abstract Alpha-1 antitrypsin, a potent serine protease inhibitor, has been used as augmentation therapy in patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency for many years. Recent research into the diverse anti-inflammatory, immune-modulatory and tissue-protective actions of alpha-1 antitrypsin has raised the possibility of broadening the therapeutic spectrum of alpha-1 antitrypsin to include ...
Guo Yutao - - 2012
Antiplatelet therapy is the cornerstone of secondary prevention in cardiovascular disease. This review focuses on the role of antiplatelet therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Aspirin has a limited role in stroke prevention among most patients with AF, being of limited efficacy and not any safer than ...
Worni Mathias - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery (LGBS) has become the most widely used bariatric procedure due to its beneficial long-term outcomes for patients with morbid obesity. However, it is unclear whether racial differences in admission for LGBS have changed over time compared to racial differences in all other admissions. We aimed ...
Schneider Sven - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the extent, patterns, and predictors of feelings of body dissatisfaction experienced by female German adolescents. Using 3D-avatar software, a sample population of 144 girls between 14 and 17 years of age was asked to estimate their actual body image, their desired body image (individual ideal), and ...
Nocerino R - - 2012
Atopy patch tests (APTs) have been proposed for the diagnostic approach in children with non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy and gastrointestinal symptoms. We aimed to investigate the benefit of APTs in predicting oral tolerance in these patients. We prospectively evaluated 172 subjects with a sure diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMA and gastrointestinal ...
Nozu T - - 2012
Background  Peripheral corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) plays an important role in stress-induced alterations of gastrointestinal motility. CRF injected peripherally inhibits gastric emptying, but its effect on gastric contractions has not been clarified in freely moving conscious rats. Methods  Intraluminal gastric pressure waves were measured in freely moving conscious non-fasted rats using ...
Davis April D - - 2012
Rabies virus infection has been documented in several North American bat species, including Eptesicus fuscus. The virus-host relationship between bats and rabies virus (RV) is not well understood. The incidence of non-lethal RV exposure, based on the presence of viral neutralizing antibodies, demonstrates that exposure to RV does not always ...
Sanchez Wilfried - - 2012
Multi-biomarker approaches are used to assess ecosystem health and identify impacts of environmental stress on organisms. However, exploration of large datasets by environmental managers represents a major challenge for regulatory application of this tool. Several integrative tools were developed to summarize biomarker responses. The aim of the present paper is ...
Salaru Delia Lidia - - 2012
Inflammatory responses ensuing ischemia involve the release of numerous mediators. Among these the heparin-binding growth factor midkine has been recognized as a potent inducer of neoangiogenesis. In a recent publication, the release of midkine has been studied in different in vitro models, and effects of abrogated midkine expression by means ...
She D J - - 2012
Hemangioblastoma (HBL) within the central nervous system is a benign vascular neoplasm that usually occurs in the cerebellum. Supratentorial occurrence of HBL is an extremely rare event. Till date, approximately 129 cases of supratentorial HBL have been reported in the literature. Here, we present three new cases of supratentorial hemangioblatomas, ...
Pochynyuk Oleh O Department of Integrative Biology and Pharmacology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Kidneys are complex highly organized paired organs of nearly one million nephrons each. They rigorously process about 180 l of plasma daily to keep whole body homeostasis. To effectively perform such a titanic work, kidneys rely on mechanisms able to sense dynamic changes in composition and flow rates of protourine along ...
Gélat P - - 2012
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) enables highly localized, non-invasive tissue ablation and its efficacy has been demonstrated in the treatment of a range of cancers, including those of the kidney, prostate and breast. HIFU offers the ability to treat deep-seated tumours locally, and potentially bears fewer side effects than more ...
Gataullina Svetlana - - 2012
Aim  Having previously shown that comorbidity is a major determinant of neurological sequelae in hypoglycaemia, our aim was to describe the neuroimaging patterns of brain damage in different hypoglycaemic situations and to elucidate the factors that determine lesion topography. Method  We reviewed 50 patients (31 females, 19 males) with symptomatic ...
Meng Wen-Ting - - 2012
A facile one-pot sequential conjugate addition/dearomative fluorination transformation of isoxazol-5(4H)-ones with nitroolefins and N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide (NFSI) has been developed. By using bifunctional chiral tertiary amino-thiourea catalyst, a series of chiral fluorinated isoxazol-5(4H)-ones containing one fluorine-substituted quarternary stereocenter were obtained in high yields with high enantio- and diastereoselectivities. Further transformation of adducts ...
Isaza Gloria - - 2012
PURPOSE:To study the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a neonatal intensive care unit and obtain information on risk factors associated with ROP. METHODS:Four hundred twenty-three infants were screened for ROP between July 2006 and July 2010. Demographic information, clinical data, and risk factors were reviewed. RESULTS:The incidence was ...
Nelson H - - 2012
The efficacy of single-allergen-specific immunotherapy in polysensitized subjects is a matter of debate. We therefore performed a post hoc analysis of pooled data from six randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (N = 1871) comparing the efficacy and safety of the SQ-standardized grass allergy immunotherapy tablet (AIT), Grazax (Phleum pratense 75 000 SQ-T/2800 BAU, ALK, ...
Hou Jin - - 2012
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a widely used platform for the production of heterologous proteins of medical or industrial interest. However, heterologous protein productivity is often low due to limitations of the host strain. Heat shock response (HSR) is an inducible, global, cellular stress response, which facilitates the cell recovery ...
Ortega Francisco J - - 2013
Calgranulin B (S100A9) was recognized as a candidate type 2 diabetes (T2D) gene in the genomic profiling of muscle from a rodent model of T2D and identifying the human orthologs of genes localized in T2D susceptibility regions. Circulating and S100A9 expressions in muscle and adipose tissue, isolated fat cells, and ...
Wakahara K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the contribution of basophils as inducers or amplifiers of Th2 responses is still debated, prolonged basophil/CD4 T cell interactions were observed in lungs but not lymph nodes (LNs) of parasite-infected mice. However, the impact of basophils on the function of tissue CD4 effector T cells remains unknown. METHODS: ...
de Araujo Antunes Aline - - 2012
PURPOSE: Malnutrition and fluid overload contribute to the poor cardiovascular prognosis of dialysis patients. Since bioelectrical impedance analysis is an option for the evaluation of body composition and for the monitoring of hydration state, it may assist in the identification of subjects at high cardiovascular risk. The objective of this ...
Ehling Petra - - 2012
Mutations in genes coding for Ca(2+) channels were found in patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) indicating a contribution of Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms to the generation of spike-wave discharges (SWD) in humans. Since the involvement of Ca(2+) signals remains unclear, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the function ...
Lee Kyoung Sin - - 2012
1. The interactions between herbal dietary supplements and therapeutic drugs have emerged as an important issue and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has been reported as one of the significant factors of these interactions. 2. The objective of this article is to examine the effects of single and repeated administrations of silymarin on pharmacokinetics of ...
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