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Results 401 - 450 of 5693
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Liu Tingting - - 2012
HSP40, also known as DnaJ, is one of the subfamilies of the heat shock protein family. DnaJ/Hsp40 proteins act as co-chaperones by binding to the chaperone Hsp70 through their J domain and stimulating ATP hydrolysis to aid protein translation, folding, unfolding, translocation and degradation. They are implicated in various human ...
Dalsgaard Søren - - 2012
The proposed revision of the diagnostic criteria in DSM-5 for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) will not fundamentally change the concept of ADHD. This is mainly due to the fact that, DSM-5 will retain the exact DSM-IV wording of all 18 symptoms, but will add new examples that make the criteria more ...
Halder Dipti - - 2012
This study investigates the risk of arsenic (As) exposure to the communities in rural Bengal, even when they have been supplied with As safe drinking water. The estimates of exposure via dietary and drinking water routes show that when people are consuming water with As concentration <10 µg L-1, the ...
Sugawara Nobuo - - 2012
We report a successful second delivery of a healthy infant fathered using refrozen thawed testicular sperm from an infertile male chimera. We also examined sex chromosome distribution of the seminiferous tubule. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was performed using the remaining refrozen testicular sperm, which had been stored during the first ...
Linke Diana - - 2012
Investigating the secretion of esterases by the basidiomycetous fungus Pleurotus sapidus in a Tween 80-rich nutrient medium, an enzyme was discovered that hydrolyzed the ester bond of feruloylated saccharides. The enzyme was purified by ion exchange and size exclusion chromatography. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed a monomeric protein of about ...
Klimek L - - 2012
Anaphylaxis is an extreme form of allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. Early treatment of circulatory and pulmonary disturbances is decisive for prognosis. Initial management of anaphylaxis comprises, where possible, interrupting allergen exposure; ensuring a stable airway; summoning emergency services; placing the patient in a safe position, obtaining venous access ...
Guo Jun-Li - - 2012
To construct rapidly a full-length cDNA library from nanogram amounts total RNA of Giardia lamblia (G. lamblia) trophozoites stocked in RNA stabilization reagent. Total RNA of Giardia was extracted using Trizol reagent. A full-length cDNA library of G. lamblia trophozoites was constructed by a long-distance PCR (LD-PCR) method. The recombinant ...
Yang Wei - - 2012
To observe the expression of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (Ang II), cardiac troponin (cTn I), creatine kinase isozymes (CK-MB) and muscle red protein(Myo) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and to investigate the association of polymorphisms in angiotensin converting enzyme genes and myocardial injury. Sixty-three patients suffered from rheumatic mitral ...
Zhang Y - - 2012
This Letter presents a plasmonic nanostructure consisting of a nanodisk and a nanoring. The nanodisk is outside of the nanoring. The quadrupolar, hexapolar, and octupolar resonance modes of the nanoring are excited easily by the bright dipolar mode of nanodisks. This nanostructure shows strong interaction and deep Fano dips. In ...
Egan Patrick - - 2012
A new laser-based thermostat sensitive to 0.2 mK at room temperature is reported. The method utilizes a fluid-filled prism and interferometric weak-value amplification to sense nanoradian deviations of a laser beam: due to the high thermo-optic coefficient of the fluid (colorless fluorocarbon), the deviation angle through the prism is sensitive to ...
Azira N M S - - 2012
Trichuris dysentery syndrome is caused by Trichuris trichiura which contributes to one of the most common helminthic infections in the world. It is associated with heavy colonic infection that manifests as mucoid diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, rectal prolapse, iron deficiency anaemia, and finger clubbing. Here, we report a case of trichuris ...
Zhang Haiyan - - 2012
The current study sought to assess the role of paraaortic lymphadenectomy (LNE) in females with endometrial cancer. A retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer of stage IA to II preoperatively, between 2009 and 2011 was conducted. Patients were included who had suffered from endometrial cancer without preoperative adjuvant ...
Ma Ruimin - - 2012
Low-grade glioma is predisposed to progress to anaplastic astrocytoma and eventually secondary glioblastoma. The malignant transformation may involve the accumulation of multiple genetic alterations. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of miR-544 in glioma progression and discuss whether it may be a novel biomarker of malignant ...
Li Fang - - 2012
Retroviruses encoding the TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) gene were generated by transient transfection of the retrovirus packing cell line BOSC 23 using TRAIL-encoding plasmid. The retrovirus was able to transduce drug-resistant A2780/DDP ovarian carcinoma cells in vitro and induce TRAIL expression in the cells, as detected by western blot assay. ...
Ishida Mitsuaki - - 2012
Clear cell neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is a rare but distinct histopathological variant of NET most often observed in patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL). Clear cell NET in non-VHL patients is extremely rare and this report is only the second to describe a case of clear cell NET G1 (carcinoid ...
Takahashi Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is a concern for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). In this study, QOL was examined using the 5-item EuroQol (EQ-5D). METHODS: QOL and activities of daily living (ADL) were surveyed for 91 patients who visited 18 medical institutions in our prefecture and were diagnosed ...
Larsen Elisabeth - - 2012
We examined whether use of snus influenced cognitions in terms of smoking expectancies and smoking prototype perceptions in a direction that could promote smoking initiation, thus highlighting potential causal mechanisms between the use of snus and smoking behavior. A telephone-based longitudinal survey among Norwegian adolescents was conducted with two points ...
Makhija Sonia K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Questionable occlusal caries (QOC) can be defined as clinically suspected caries with no cavitation or radiographic evidence of occlusal caries. To the authors' knowledge, no one has quantified the prevalence of QOC, so this quantification was the authors' objective in conducting this study METHODS: A total of 82 dentist ...
Plainis Sotiris - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the wearer's pupil size and spherical aberration on visual performance with centre-near, aspheric multifocal contact lenses (MFCLs). The advantage of binocular over monocular vision was also investigated. METHODS: Twelve young volunteers, with an average age of 27 ± 5 years, participated in the study. LogMAR Visual Acuity ...
Carlucci Annalisa - - 2012
The presence of acute or chronic respiratory failure is often seen as a terminal phase of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A great variability in end-of-life practice is observed in these patients mainly because physicians are not always able to correctly predict survival. There is a need for a clear discussion ...
Mott Timothy F - - 2012
Although a universally accepted definition is lacking, mild traumatic brain injury and concussion are classified by transient loss of consciousness, amnesia, altered mental status, a Glasgow Coma Score of 13 to 15, and focal neurologic deficits following an acute closed head injury. Most patients recover quickly, with a predictable clinical ...
Htein Lin - - 2012
We have developed a cost-effective, high-capacity Er-doped fiber amplifier based on the high-power white LED and a large-core Er-doped fiber. Er ions of the fiber with absorption bands at 453, 488, 523, and 654 nm were simultaneously excited by LED pumping and amplification with optical gain over 12 dB at 1550 nm was ...
Someya Satoshi - - 2012
A combined velocity and temperature measurement method using a high-speed camera, a pulsed UV laser, and temperature-sensitive phosphor particles is proposed. The temperature was calculated from the phosphorescence lifetime, while the velocity was obtained from images of the phosphor particles during a single decay. This method was applied to in-cylinder ...
Tan Li - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in treatment of anovulation and infertility in women. Eight (8) databases were extensively retrieved. The Chinese electronic databases included VIP Information, CMCC, and CNKI. The English electronic databases included AMED, CINAHL, ...
Tormenti Matthew - - 2012
Object Heightened recognition of the prevalence and significance of head injury in sports and in combat veterans has brought increased attention to the physiological and behavioral consequences of concussion. Current clinical practice is in part dependent on patient self-report as the basis for medical decisions and treatment. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) shows ...
Marshall Cassondra - - 2012
Participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has been associated with lower rates of breastfeeding; studies have suggested this relationship may be modified by race. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between WIC participation and breastfeeding behaviors among white and ...
Guerra Anna - - 2012
The genetic alterations are responsible for the altered protein expression in tumors. The knowledge of the link between the altered protein expression and genetic alterations may provide potentially important biological and clinical information. In this study, the expression of some protein markers (Gal-3, p21Kip1, CK19) known to be associated to ...
Hong Jingbo - - 2012
The protein amide (1)H(N) chemical shift temperature coefficient can be determined with high accuracy by recording spectra at different temperatures, but the physical mechanism responsible for this temperature dependence is not well understood. In this work, we find that this coefficient strongly correlates with the temperature coefficient of the through-hydrogen-bond ...
Zaballos P - - 2012
Background  The dermoscopic morphology of apocrine hidrocystomas remains to be elucidated. Objective  To evaluate the morphological findings of apocrine hidrocystomas under dermoscopic observation. Methods  Dermoscopic examination of 22 cases of apocrine hidrocystomas was performed to evaluate specific dermoscopic criteria and patterns. Results  The most frequently occurring dermoscopic features were found ...
Sekiya Michiko - - 2012
The intestinal epithelial cells sit at the interface between a lumen and a lamina propria or lymph nodes such as Peyer's patches, where they play important roles in maintaining intestinal homeostasis through chemokine secretion. This study investigated the effect of Hochuekkito (TJ-41)-a traditional Japanese herbal (Kampo) formula used as a ...
Freemantle N - - 2012
AIM: To compare the effect of insulin degludec and insulin glargine on health-related quality of life in patients with Type 2 diabetes starting on insulin therapy. METHODS: Patient-level data from three open-label, randomized, treat-to-target trials of 26 or 52 weeks' duration were pooled using a weighted analysis in conjunction with a fixed-effects ...
Vachiéry Jean-Luc - - 2012
Advances in the diagnosis and management of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have resulted in significant improvements in outcomes for patients with this devastating and progressive disease. However, because of the non-specific nature of its symptoms, and the low level of suspicion among clinicians, prompt and accurate diagnosis of PAH as ...
Zorzos Anthony N - - 2012
To deliver light to the brain for neuroscientific and neuroengineering applications like optogenetics, in which light is used to activate or silence neurons expressing specific photosensitive proteins, optical fibers are commonly used. However, an optical fiber is limited to delivering light to a single target within the 3D structure of ...
Miller John - - 2012
We present the first demonstration of real-time closed-loop control and deterministic tuning of an independently suspended Fabry-Perot optical cavity using digitally enhanced heterodyne interferometry, realizing a peak sensitivity of ∼10  pm/Hz over the 10-1000 Hz frequency band. The methods presented are readily extensible to multiple coupled cavities. As such, we anticipate that ...
Zhou Jianwei - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between cofilin 1 expression and differentiation of epithelial ovarian cancer in patients. We immunohistochemically analyzed 30 patients with primary ovarian epithelial carcinomas, 14 patients with borderline epithelial ovarian tumors, 13 patients with benign epithelial ovarian tumors and 10 normal ovarian ...
Solari Nicoletta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of inactive disease in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) treated with etanercept, and to identify clinical characteristics associated with attainment of inactive disease. METHODS: Clinical charts of patients who were given etanercept between January 2002 and January 2011 were evaluated retrospectively. For each patient, ...
Schiavo-Cardozo Daniela - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Shift work is associated to circadian rhythm disorder, impaired sleep and behavioral changes, including eating habits, predisposing to obesity and metabolic dysfunctions. It involves a neuro-hormonal dysregulation of appetite towards positive energy balance, including increased ghrelin and decreased leptin, but little is known about other hormones, such as xenin, ...
Cao Lili - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and long-term anatomic and functional results of laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty and laparoscopic sigmoid vaginoplasty. METHODS: From January 2002 to December 2010, 40 patients with congenital vaginal agenesis were prospectively randomized to undergo either laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty (26 ...
Endele Dominick - - 2012
To our knowledge, there are only a few prospective studies on the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose injuries associated with ankle sprains in children. We hypothesized that MRI examinations of acute ankle sprains in growing children would show relevant injuries that may have been overlooked by conventional ...
Saidi Reza F - - 2012
Liver transplantation (LTx) is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD).  Improvement in outcomes (allograft and patient survival) has led to widespread use of LTx worldwide. However, new problems that include severe organ shortage, recurrence of primary disease, opportunistic infections, and development of de novo malignancies ...
Nowicki Philip D - - 2012
Management of perioperative pain is critical in the pediatric patient undergoing orthopaedic surgery. A variety of modalities can be used to manage pain and optimize recovery and patient satisfaction, including nonopioid and opioid analgesia; local anesthetic injection; and regional analgesia such as intrathecal morphine, epidural therapy, and peripheral nerve blocks. ...
Chremmos Ioannis D - - 2012
A method is proposed for generating Bessel-like optical beams with arbitrary trajectories in free space. The method involves phase-modulating an optical wavefront so that conical bundles of rays are formed whose apexes write a continuous focal curve with pre-specified shape. These ray cones have circular bases on the input plane; ...
- - 2012
The new BVA year is under way, and the Association's committees have met to develop policy as well as to look at high-quality services, benefits and resources for members. With newly elected members on all of the committees, the year has got off to a productive and interesting start.
França Diurianne Caroline Campos - - 2012
This study aims to present the clinical features and treatment of a case of maxillary ameloblastic carcinoma. Ameloblastic carcinoma is a rare malignant odontogenic carcinoma that has metastatic potential. Due to its rare incidence, there are few studies focusing on its radiological characteristics. When ameloblastic carcinoma demonstrates an aggressive appearance, ...
Mandapathil M - - 2012
Short-segment tracheal stenosis is often treated by segmental resection and end-to-end anastomosis. Longer-segment stenosis can sometimes be treated using dilation, laser therapy, bronchoscopic stent insertion and segmental resection and reconstruction. Long-segment restenosis with a buildup of scar tissue due to successful resection surgery in the past represents a particular therapeutic ...
Babakhanian Masaudeh - - 2012
Sexual dysfunction (SD) is a common problem among chronic opiate dependents. The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of SD and to investigate whether there is a change in SD after six months of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) compared with baseline. We recruited 30 patients mean age ...
Cappelli F - - 2012
We report on the narrowing of a room-temperature mid-IR quantum cascade laser by frequency locking it to a CO<sub>2</sub> sub-Doppler transition obtained by polarization spectroscopy. A locking bandwidth of 250 kHz has been achieved. The laser linewidth is narrowed by more than two orders of magnitude below 1 kHz, and its absolute ...
Nowak Krzysztof M - - 2012
Quantum cascade laser (QCL) is a very attractive seed source for a multikilowatt pulsed CO<sub>2</sub> lasers applied for driving extreme ultraviolet emitting plasmas. In this Letter, we investigate output beam properties of a QCL designed to address P18 and P20 lines of 10.6 micron band of CO<sub>2</sub> molecule. In particular, ...
Komaba Hirotaka - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by accelerated vascular calcification, which may in part be caused by deficiency of the anti-aging factor Klotho. Lau et al. demonstrate that administration of active vitamin D and its analog decreases aortic calcification in association with increases in two potent calcification inhibitors-the secreted form ...
McCormick Paul C - - 2012
The theme of the 80th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the title of this presidential address, "We are neurosurgery," is a simple 3-word affirmation of who neurosurgeons are, what they have achieved, and how much there is yet to accomplish. Recent advances in neurobiology and ...
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