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Koehler Michael F T - - 2012
Selective inhibitors of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase based upon saturated heterocycles fused to a pyrimidine core were designed and synthesized. Each series produced compounds with K(i) < 10 nM for the mTOR kinase and >500-fold selectivity over closely related PI3 kinases. This potency translated into strong pathway inhibition, ...
Zhu Hui H Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065, - - 2012
Mycobacteria exploit nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) to repair DNA double-strand breaks. The core NHEJ machinery comprises the homodimeric DNA end-binding protein Ku and DNA ligase D (LigD), a modular enzyme composed of a C-terminal ATP-dependent ligase domain (LIG), a central 3'-phosphoesterase domain (PE), and an N-terminal polymerase domain (POL). LigD POL ...
Mihály Ilona I Egyesített Szent István és Szent László Kórház-Rendelőintézet Mikrobiológiai Laboratóriumi Osztály, Virológiai Laboratórium Budapest. - - 2012
The incidence of human parvovirus B19 infection is unknown. A retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory findings was carried out in patients diagnosed with human parvovirus B19 infection in 2011 in a virologic laboratory of a single centre in Hungary. Clinical and laboratory data of patients with proven human parvovirus ...
Bor Andrea - - 2012
The aging population in developed countries is a growing problem nowadays. The burden on healthcare is particularly high, since the prevalence of the diseases, especially chronic diseases increases with age. Prevalence of polypharmacy is common among elderly patients. While comorbidities require usage of several active agents with evidence based indication, ...
Tőkés Tímea - - 2012
Introduction: FDG-PET-CT is highly sensitive in detection of viable tumour tissue, giving an importance for that in oncological diagnostics. Aim: The authors analysed retrospectively the relationship between metabolic response and changes in Ki-67, a proliferation marker. Methods: Staging FDG-PET-CT scans (before and after therapy) SUVs (Standardized Uptake Value), and morphological ...
Kullmann Lajos - - 2012
The author interprets disability on the basis of the "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)". In this review the applied method is a purpose oriented, restricted survey of continuously increasing articles published during the last two decades. Definition and interpretation of secondary conditions are based on the cited ...
Miksys Sharon - - 2012
Cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) metabolize many drugs that act on the central nervous system (CNS), such as antidepressants and antipsychotics; drugs of abuse; endogenous neurochemicals, such as serotonin and dopamine; neurotoxins; and carcinogens. This takes place primarily in the liver, but metabolism can also occur in extrahepatic organs, including the ...
McLernon D J - - 2012
SUMMARY We estimated prevalence and incidence of liver condition outcomes, and costs to the health service of diagnosed hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Tayside, UK. HBV patients were identified from electronic virology data between 1989 and 2003. The health resource costs of HBV for surface antigen-positive (HBsAg+) patients and HBV ...
Lin Po-Chiao - - 2012
We have developed a target-molecule-functionalized magnetic nanoparticle (MNP)-based method to facilitate the study of bio-molecular recognition and separation. The superparamagnetic property of MNPs allows the corresponding biomolecules to be rapidly separated from crude biofluids with a significant improvement in recovery yield and specificity. Various MNPs functionalized with tag molecules (chitin, ...
McKenney Peter T - - 2012
Sporulation in Bacillus subtilis involves an asymmetric cell division followed by differentiation into two cell types, the endospore and the mother cell. The endospore coat is a multilayered shell that protects the bacterial genome during stress conditions and is composed of dozens of proteins. Recently, fluorescence microscopy coupled with high-resolution ...
Roche Ann M - - 2012
ISSUE: The rationale and potential impact of Australia's recent legislative changes regulating secondary supply of alcohol to minors, particularly on private premises. APPROACH: An examination of similarities and differences between state and territory liquor licensing legislation regulating secondary supply of alcohol to minors was undertaken. KEY FINDINGS: The Northern Territory, ...
Sun Jing J Neurobiology Laboratory, Jiangsu Center for Drug Screening, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, - - 2013
To explore whether the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 could protect oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) in stroke penumbra, thereby providing neuroprotection following permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Adult male SD rats were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (p-MCAO). The animals were administered WIN55,212-2 at 2 h, and ...
Graf Heiko - - 2012
While antidepressants are supposed to exert similar effects on mood and drive via various mechanisms of action, diverging effects are observed regarding side-effects and accordingly on neural correlates of motivation, emotion, reward and salient stimuli processing as a function of the drugs impact on neurotransmission. In the context of erotic ...
Lee Dominic - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction (ED) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) from urethral sphincteric deficiency is not an uncommon problem. The commonest etiology is intervention for localized prostate cancer and/or radical cystoprostatectomy for muscle invasive bladder cancer. Despite advances in surgical technology with robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and nerve sparing techniques, the rates ...
Yamamoto A Y - - 2012
SUMMARY Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection rates increase with maternal seroprevalence due to transmission from maternal non-primary infection. CMV seroprevalence estimates of pregnant women are needed for planning strategies against congenital CMV transmission. We aimed to determine the age-specific prevalence of serum antibodies for CMV in a representative age-stratified sample of ...
Kovac Jason R - - 2013
Priapism is a rare condition that involves persistent penile erection for greater than 4 h. Distinct variants exist, each with unique characteristics. Ischemic priapism is a painful medical emergency that may occur as a result of veno-occlusion leading to hypoxia and tissue death. Recurrent bouts of ischemic priapism, or stuttering ...
Zhang Jian-Ping - - 2012
Because early treatment choice is critical in first-episode schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (FES), this meta-analysis compared efficacy and tolerability of individual second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) with first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) in FES. We conducted systematic literature search (until 12 December 2010) and meta-analysis of acute, randomized trials with ⩾1 FGA vs. SGA comparison; patients ...
El-Shehaby Amal M - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common manifestation of cardiovascular disease and has an important prognostic value in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Vitamin D receptor (VDR) has been intensively investigated, and one of these (BsmI) already has been associated with survival in the dialysis population. The aim of ...
Abidin Zada L Zainal - - 2012
The rate of organ donations from deceased donors in Malaysia is among the lowest in the world. This may be because of the passivity among health professionals in approaching families of potential donors. A questionnaire-based study was conducted amongst health professionals in two tertiary hospitals in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Four ...
Wigley Dale B DB Division of Structural Biology, Chester Beatty Laboratories, Institute of Cancer Research, 237 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JB, UK. - - 2013
In bacteria, the processing of double-strand DNA breaks is mediated by the RecBCD, AddAB and AdnAB complexes. These multisubunit helicase-nuclease machines resect the DNA ends and load RecA protein to initiate homologous recombination. Recent studies have revealed fascinating insights into the molecular mechanisms of this process and the evolution of ...
Barr G A GA Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA. - - 2013
Stimulation of a variety of brain sites electrically or by opiates activates descending inhibitory pathways to attenuate noxious input to the spinal cord dorsal horn and produce analgesia. Analgesia induced by electrical stimulation of the periaqueductal grey (PAG) of the midbrain or medial rostral ventral medulla (RVM) matures late, towards ...
Diederich François - - 2012
"…︁ Angewandte Chemie looks back with pride on 125 years of successful publishing …︁" Read more in the Editorial by François Diederich.
Akarolo-Anthony Sally N - - 2012
As the nutrition transition continues in Africa, it is crucial to identify population-specific dietary patterns. Healthy diets may then be promoted for prevention and alleviation of the chronic disease burden associated with nutrition. Using a semi-quantitate food frequency questionnaire, we conducted a cross-sectional study and computed the proportions of foods ...
Vaikkinen Anu - - 2012
A heat-assisted laser ablation electrospray ionization (HA-LAESI) method for the simultaneous mass spectrometric analysis of nonpolar and polar analytes was developed. The sample was introduced using mid-infrared laser ablation of a water-rich target. The ablated analytes were ionized with an electrospray plume, which was intercepted by a heated nitrogen gas ...
Maia José António Ribeiro - - 2012
A very brief history of Portuguese twin research in sport and human movement sciences is presented. Recruitment procedures, zygosity determination, and phenotypes are given for twins and their parents from the mainland, and Azores and Madeira archipelagos. Preliminary findings are mostly related to physical activity, health-related physical fitness, gross motor ...
Contestabile Andrea - - 2013
Down syndrome (DS) patients exhibit abnormalities of hippocampal-dependent explicit memory, a feature that is replicated in relevant mouse models of the disease. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis, which is impaired in DS and other neuropsychiatric diseases, plays a key role in hippocampal circuit plasticity and has been implicated in learning and memory. ...
Sobol Marcin - - 2012
The majority of cell encapsulation systems applied so far are based on polyelectrolyte complexes of alginate and polyvalent metal cations. Although widely used, these systems suffer from the risk of disintegration. This can be partially solved by applying chitosan as additional outer membrane. However, chitosan can be dissolved in water ...
Bagni Claudia C Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Center for Human Genetics, Leuven, Belgium. - - 2012
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most frequent form of inherited intellectual disability and is also linked to other neurologic and psychiatric disorders. FXS is caused by a triplet expansion that inhibits expression of the FMR1 gene; the gene product, FMRP, regulates mRNA metabolism in the brain and thus controls ...
Bouquet A - - 2012
Extensive genetic progress has been achieved in dairy cattle populations on many traits of economic importance because of efficient breeding programmes. Success of these programmes has relied on progeny testing of the best young males to accurately assess their genetic merit and hence their potential for breeding. Over the last ...
Gumiero Andrea - - 2013
We have previously demonstrated (Badyal et al., J. Biol. Chem., 2006, 281, 24512) that removal of the active site tryptophan (Trp41) in ascorbate peroxidase increases the conformational mobility of the distal histidine residue (His42) and that His42 coordinates to the iron in the oxidised W41A enzyme to give a 6-coordinate, ...
Castano Brunilde - - 2012
The synthesis and characterisation of copper(i) complexes of chiral pyridine-containing macrocyclic ligands () and their use as catalysts in asymmetric cyclopropanation reactions are reported. All ligands and metal complexes were fully characterised, including crystal structures of some species determined by X-ray diffraction on single crystals. This allowed characterising the very ...
Mittoux Aurélia - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore whether the presence of specific health services impact the time to death in schizophrenia. METHODS: Cox's proportional hazard model was used to assess the effect of country-specific health care variables (total health care expenditure, public health care expenditure, number of hospital beds, number of physicians, and World ...
Cheng Shasha - - 2012
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is a key trace detection technique for explosives and the development of simple, stable and efficient nonradioactive ionization source is highly demanded. A dopant-assisted negative photoionization (DANP) source has been developed for IMS, which uses a commercial VUV krypton lamp to ionize acetone as the source ...
Clark Daniel P A - - 2012
There is growing literature exploring the possibility of parallel retrieval of location memories, although this literature focuses primarily on the speed of retrieval with little attention to the accuracy of location memory recall. Baguley, Lansdale, Lines, and Parkin (2006) found that when a person has two or more memories for ...
Zhang Zhenyi - - 2012
Well-designed hierarchical nanostructures with one dimensional (1D) TiO(2) nanofibers (120-350 nm in diameter and several micrometers in length) and ultrathin hexagonal SnS(2) nanosheets (40-70 nm in lateral size and 4-8 nm in thickness) were successfully synthesized by combining the electrospinning technique (for TiO(2) nanofibers) and a hydrothermal growth method (for ...
Philipp Patrick - - 2012
The performance of organic optoelectronic devices depends a lot on interface structure and width. Dynamic secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has been widely used to investigate interfaces in classical semiconductor devices and limitations are quite well understood. For low-energy dynamic SIMS on organic optoelectronic devices, sputter-induced diffusion processes and roughness ...
van Gastel W A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the association between cannabis use and a wide range of psychiatric symptoms is fairly well established, it is not clear whether cannabis use is also a risk factor for general mental health problems at secondary school. Method A total of 10 324 secondary school children aged 11-16 years, ...
Kehr Nermin Seda - - 2012
Dye-loaded periodic mesoporous organosilica particles functionalized with bioactive molecules were used for the generation of a nanocomposite alginate hydrogel. The affinity of cells was up to four times higher with the embedded particles than with simple alginate hydrogel, caused by both the nanometer-scale particle itself and its bioactive functionalization.
Shi Jing J Center for Biological Psychiatry, Beijing Hui-Long-Guan Hospital, - - 2013
To investigate the pharmacokinetics and dopamine/acetylcholine-releasing effects of ginsenoside Re (Re) in brain regions related to learning and memory, and to clarify the neurochemical mechanisms underlying its anti-dementia activity. Microdialysis was conducted on awake, freely moving adult male SD rats with dialysis probes implanted into the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex ...
Kantarevic Jasmin - - 2012
Pay for performance (P4P) incentives for physicians are generally designed as additional payments that can be paired with any existing payment mechanism such as a salary, fee-for-services and capitation. However, the link between the physician response to performance incentives and the existing payment mechanisms is still not well understood. In ...
Khoufache Khaled - - 2013
Influenza causes substantial morbidity and mortality, and highly pathogenic and drug-resistant strains are likely to emerge in the future. Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) is a thrombin-activated receptor that contributes to inflammatory responses at mucosal surfaces. The role of PAR1 in pathogenesis of virus infections is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that ...
Hara-Kudo Y - - 2012
The National Food Surveillance System in Japan was formed in 1998 to monitor the contamination of retail foods with bacterial pathogens. Approximately 2000-3000 samples were tested annually, and the data from food categories that had more than 400 samples collected during 1998-2008 were analysed. With regard to meat, the frequency ...
Cervantes Sara - - 2012
The gastrointestinal tract carries out essential functions for the organism, including the digestion and absorption of nutrients. The cells lining the lumen of the gut tube derive from the endoderm, one of the three germ layers formed during gastrulation. The length of the intestinal tract determines its digestive and absorptive ...
Rockman Howard A - - 2012
With the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, I announce the launch of a new category of manuscript called "Clinical Medicine," along with new editorial board members to adjudicate the peer-review process. With this initiative, the journal aims to publish the highest quality human research that reports early-stage, ...
de Vries Froukje E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The need for symmetry and ordering objects related to a "just right"-feeling is a common symptom in Tourette's syndrome (TS) and resembles symmetry behavior in obsessive-compulsive disorder, but its pathophysiology is unknown. We used a symptom provocation paradigm to investigate the neural correlates of symmetry behavior in TS and ...
Sam Cecilia Hy - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and relative validity of a semi-quantitative FFQ for assessing the habitual intake of multiple nutrients in New Zealand (NZ) adults over the past 12 months. DESIGN: A 154-item FFQ was developed. After initial pre-testing, reliability was assessed using intra-class correlations. Relative validity was assessed by ...
Terriente Javier - - 2012
The introduction of mechanism-based targeted therapies to treat human cancers is fruit of decades of research into the molecular basis of cancer pathogenesis. Despite the growing knowledge about the molecular mechanisms governing its causes and progression, there is a lack of effective treatments for many types of cancer. The expensive ...
Salama M - - 2012
A key feature of Parkinson's disease is the dopaminergic neuronal cell loss in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Besides inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis, a recent hypothesis suggested that degeneration of dopaminergic neurons occurs secondary to abnormal mitosis in these 'postmitotic neurons', ending up in apoptosis. Hence, recent therapies tried ...
Barros Erica G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare BMI and anthropometric indicators of abdominal obesity in Brazilian adolescents from public schools between 2003 and 2008. DESIGN: A comparison of anthropometric indicators in adolescents was done based on two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2003 (n 530) and in 2008 ...
Vansteenkiste Maarten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The presence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in eating-disordered (ED) patients is considered a complicating factor in treatment with a possibly adverse influence on patients' motivation to change. Using Self-Determination Theory as a guiding framework, we compared ED patients with and without NSSI in terms of their well-being and their ...
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