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Thimmapuram Jayaram - - 2012
Esophageal food bolus impaction may require an urgent endoscopy. Glucagon is often administered to promote spontaneous passage of the food bolus. Eosinophilic esophagitis is increasingly recognized as a cause of dysphagia, and food impaction is often the presenting symptom. Our study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of glucagon in ...
Hoagwood Kimberly Eaton - - 2012
Child mental health treatment and services research yields more immediate public health benefit when they focus on outcomes of relevance to a broader group of stakeholders. We reviewed all experimental studies of child and adolescent treatment and service effectiveness published in the last 15 years (1996-2011) and compared the distribution ...
Kim Jungho - - 2012
ABSTRACT. The main objective of the study was to investigate the ability of frequency-domain photothermal radiometry (PTR) and modulated luminescence (LUM) to detect secondary caries lesions on the walls of restorations (wall lesions). Changes in experimental PTR-LUM signals due to sequential demineralization on entire vertical walls of sectioned tooth samples ...
Wakizaka Kazuki - - 2012
Pleomorphic carcinoma is rare in the primary lung cancer with a poor prognosis. We reported a resected case of pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung with rapid progression. A 62-year-old male with a tumor shadow in the right lung which had not been noted 9 months before was referred to our ...
Tomei Krystal L - - 2012
Object Forty-two states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation based on the Lystedt law of Washington state, enacted in 2009 to protect young athletes who have sustained a concussion. The aim of this study was to note the several similarities and differences among the various laws. Methods Concussion ...
Pesce Caterina - - 2012
In exercise and cognition research, few studies have investigated whether and how the qualitative aspects of physical exercise may impact cognitive performance in the short or long term. This commentary, after recalling the evidence on the "dose-response" relationship, shifts the focus to intersections between different research areas that are proposed ...
Rodríguez Dayron - - 2012
Primary spermatic cord tumors are rare yet clinically significant urologic lesions that affect patients of all ages. They are the most common tumors of the paratesticular region and generally present as asymptomatic, slow growing, firm, palpable paratesticular masses. Although most of them are benign comprised primarily of lipomas, approximately 25% ...
Rohde Manfred - - 2012
Streptococcal adhesion, invasion, intracellular trafficking, dissemination, and persistence in eukaryotic cells have a variety of implications in the infection pathogenesis. While cell adhesion establishes the initial host contact, adhering bacteria exploit the host cell for their own benefit. Internalization into the host cell is an essential step for bacterial survival ...
Hoffmann Matthew - - 2013
To investigate the pharmacokinetics and disposition of [(14)C]pomalidomide following a single oral dose to healthy male subjects. Eight subjects were administered a single 2 mg oral suspension of [(14)C]pomalidomide. Blood (plasma), urine and feces were collected. Mass balance of radioactivity and the pharmacokinetics of radioactivity, pomalidomide and metabolites were determined. ...
Del Refugio Torres-Vitela M - - 2012
Coliform bacteria (CB), fecal coliforms (FC), Escherichia coli, diarrheagenic E. coli pathotypes (DEP) and Salmonella frequencies were determined for fresh carrot juice from restaurants in Pachuca city, Mexico. Two hundred and eighty carrot juice samples were purchased in three types of restaurants: (A), national chain restaurants; (B), local restaurants; and ...
van Bremen T - - 2012
Centralized emergency departments are becoming a major source of health care in Germany. In this study, we evaluated the importance for ENT health care. In a retrospective study, all ENT emergency patients between May and July 2011 were characterized by diagnosis, therapy, and urgency (measured using the Manchester Triage System ...
Park Soo-Sung SS Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Asan Medical Center University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. - - 2012
Regardless of the mode of treatment, clubfoot has a strong tendency to relapse, especially hindfoot equinus. Because contraction or shortening of the Achilles tendon causes an equinus deformity of the ankle, release of this tendon is required to correct equinus deformity in patients with residual or relapsed clubfoot. This study ...
Karkheiran Siamak - - 2012
Chorea-acanthocythosis (ChAc) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by movement disorders, neuropsychiatric disturbances, neuropathy, myopathy, seizures and acanthocytosis accompanied by an elevated serum creatine kinase (CK) level. Its causative gene (VPS13A) produces chorein which is absent in ChAc patients as evaluated by Western blot assay. We report the first three ...
Hartley Katherine G - - 2012
MRI plays a critical role in all orthopaedic practices. A basic working knowledge of the most commonly used pulse sequences in musculoskeletal imaging and the appearance of normal tissues on those sequences is critical to confident MRI interpretation. The orthopaedic surgeon should be familiar with appropriate use of intravenous and ...
Cho Steve Y - - 2012
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a type II integral membrane protein expressed on the surface of prostate cancer (PCa) cells, particularly in androgen-independent, advanced, and metastatic disease. Previously, we demonstrated that N-[N-[(S)-1,3-dicarboxypropyl]carbamoyl]-4-(18)F-fluorobenzyl-L-cysteine ((18)F-DCFBC) could image an experimental model of PSMA-positive PCa using PET. Here, we describe the initial clinical experience ...
Hong Xiaoping - - 2012
We report a continuous-wave, broadly tunable mid-infrared MgO:PPLN optical parametric oscillator pumped by a fiber amplifier. Using pump tuning with synchronized temperature optimization, we achieve the broadest mode-hop-free (MHF) tuning of idler light over 30  cm<sup>-1</sup>. We further use this tunable mid-infrared laser to demonstrate high-resolution absorption spectroscopy of methane across ...
Kelberer Andreas - - 2012
We present a highly purposive technique to optically induce periodic photonic lattices enriched with a negative defect site by using a properly designed nondiffracting (ND) beam. As the interference of two or more ND beams with adequate mutual spatial frequency relations in turn reproduces an ND beam, we adeptly superpose ...
Pfeiffer Paul N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE The study evaluated whether timely postdischarge follow-up, a health system quality indicator, corresponded with improved longer-term posthospital care for depression. METHODS The authors assessed outpatient mental health encounters, including telephone contact, within seven days of discharge among 56,785 Veterans Health Administration patients with an inpatient stay for major depression ...
Nacca Nicholas - - 2012
A known complication of Amiodarone therapy is Amiodarone induced Pulmonary Toxicity (APT). Several features of this adverse effect make it difficult to diagnosis and treat. The case of a 63-year-old male with classic radiographic and histologic findings of APT is discussed. Clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnostic findings, and treatment strategies are ...
Tutolo Manuela - - 2012
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the complications associated with pelvic surgery. The significance of ED as a complication following pelvic surgery, especially radical prostatectomy (RP), lies in the negative impact that it has on patients' sexual and overall life. In the literature, rates of ED following RP range from ...
- - 2012
The winter season has crept up on us rather quickly, says the BVA's recent graduate representative Jen Hall. Suddenly we are coping with dark evenings and colder weather, which for young (and older) vets can make the Christmas season a lonely and isolating time. Leaving and returning home in the ...
Palm Fredrik - - 2012
The body has an intricate system for transporting oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere to each and every cell, in order to sustain normal cell, organ and whole-body function. However, the amount of oxygen available for the oxygen-requiring cellular processes is determined by numerous factors, including oxygen delivery, which in turn ...
Bajwah Sabrina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease have symptom control and quality of life (QoL) needs. This review aims to evaluate the evidence for the use of interventions in improving dyspnoea, other symptoms and QoL. METHODS: Eleven databases, relevant websites and key journals were hand-searched. Studies were assessed and data ...
Fanata Wahyu Indra Duwi - - 2012
To explore the physiological significance of N-glycan maturation in plant Golgi, gnt1, a mutant with loss of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GnTI) function, was isolated in Oryza sativa. gnt1 exhibited complete inhibition of N-glycan maturation and accumulated high-mannose N-glycans. Phenotypic analyses revealed that gnt1 shows defective post-seedling development and incomplete cell wall ...
Chen Jian-Wen - - 2012
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli F18 is a major pathogen that causes postweaning diarrhoea and edema disease in piglets. The alpha(1,2)-fucosyltransferase (FUT1) gene has been identified as an ideal candidate gene for controlling the expression of the receptor for ECF18 bacteria. Therefore, the use of RNA interference (RNAi) to study the function ...
Pinzur Michael S MS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Loyola University Health System, Maywood, IL 60153, USA. - - 2012
There is both increased interest and awareness in diabetes-associated Charcot foot arthropathy. The number of affected patients will likely increase as the incidence of both diabetes and morbid obesity increases. Many experts now favor surgical correction of the deformity rather than longitudinal management with accommodative bracing. In patients with open ...
Jafari Dawood - - 2012
Osteoid osteoma is a benign, bone-forming tumor that rarely involves the carpal bones. We report a case of osteoid osteoma of the trapezoid carpal bone with extension to the adjacent second metacarpal bone. Chronic wrist pain and local tenderness were the major clinical signs and symptoms. In chronic wrist pain ...
Sharan Alok D - - 2012
Dropped head syndrome (DHS) is characterized by severe weakness of the cervical paraspinal muscles that results in the passively correctable chin-on-chest deformity. DHS is most commonly associated with neuromuscular disorders. However, it is not always accompanied by electromyographic findings or noticeable changes on muscle biopsy. In such cases, the term ...
Yaacobi Ami - - 2012
Herein we propose, theoretically investigate, and numerically demonstrate the first use to our knowledge of frequency chirping to achieve broadband, efficient subwavelength vertical emission from a dielectric waveguide. We demonstrate this unique and effective approach in the telecom C band in a nanophotonic frequency-chirped dipole antenna. The structure utilizes a ...
Creedon Kevin J - - 2012
We demonstrate 40 W coherently combined output power in a single diffraction-limited beam from a one-dimensional 47-element array of angled-facet slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifiers at 1064 nm. The output from each emitter was collimated and overlapped onto a diffractive optical element combiner using a common transform lens. Phase locking was achieved via ...
Kilbourne Amy M AM Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor, 2215 Fuller Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA. - - 2012
This pilot study compared Life Goals Collaborative Care (LGCC) with enhanced treatment as usual in reducing cardiometabolic risk factors and improving outcomes for persons with bipolar disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to LGCC (N=34) or enhanced treatment as usual (N=34). LGCC included four weekly self-management sessions and monthly telephone contacts ...
Hohenforst-Schmidt Wolfgang - - 2012
Glomus tumors are uncommon lesions of glomus cell origin with ultrastructural and immunohistochemical features of smooth muscle. In the majority of the cases reported in the literature glomus tumors are benign, but there are some rare cases in which they demonstrate aggressive and malignant clinical and histological features. Glomangiosarcomas of ...
Mobley Elizabeth M - - 2012
Plication techniques are not a panacea for deformities associated with Peyronie's disease or congenital curvature. However, they do provide certain advantages, both theoretic and real, over competing procedures such as grafting. Depending on the technique, plication procedures have minimal risk of de novo erectile dysfunction, minimal risk of injury to ...
- - 2012
As MPs and peers returned to the Houses of Parliament following their party conference recess in October, the BVA was gearing up for a week of action in Westminster.
Orimo Hajime - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In 1998, the first Japanese practice guidelines on osteoporosis was published. It has been updated several times, with the most recent being the full-scale 2011 edition and its abridged edition. The present guidelines provide information for the managements of primary osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years old, ...
Beckers Sigri - - 2012
Resistin is an obesity-related adipokine which has also been implicated in bone metabolism. Therefore, we designed a study to investigate the possible role of resistin gene variation in both obesity and bone mineral density. We included 1,155 individuals from the Odense Androgen Study (663 young subjects and 492 older subjects), ...
Hayakawa Kayoko - - 2012
Linezolid is an important agent for the treatment of infections because of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). This study identified independent predictors for isolation of linezolid-resistant VRE (LZD-R-VRE) and analyzed outcomes associated with linezolid resistance. Immunosuppression, prior surgery, and previous exposure to β-lactam antibiotics were independent predictors for isolation of LZD-R-VRE but ...
Tam Beatrix - - 2012
Colorectal cancers are mostly sporadic; some cases of familial clustering and autosomal dominant conditions are also known to occur. Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is an autosomal dominant condition caused by the mutation of the SMAD4 or the BMPR1A genes. JPS is characterized by hamartomatous polyps developing in the upper and ...
Nixon Sean - - 2012
Nonlinear dynamics of wave packets in parity-time-symmetric optical lattices near the phase-transition point is analytically studied. A nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation is derived for the envelope of these wave packets. A variety of phenomena known to exist in this envelope equation are shown to also exist in the full equation, including ...
Hädrich S - - 2012
It is shown that timing jitter in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification induces spectral drifts that transfer to carrier-envelope phase (CEP) instabilities via dispersion. Reduction of this effect requires temporal synchronization, which is realized with feedback obtained from the angularly dispersed idler. Furthermore, a novel method to measure the CEP drifts ...
Eisen Susan V - - 2012
Study objectives were to compare mental health outcomes of a peer-led recovery group, a clinician-led recovery group, and usual treatment and to examine the effect of group attendance on outcomes. The study used a randomized design with three groups: a recovery-oriented peer-led group (Vet-to-Vet), a clinician-led recovery group, and usual ...
Gopalakrishnan R - - 2012
Ovitraps baited with hay and leaf infusions were evaluated for enhancing the oviposition response of gravid females of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. The egg density per trap (mean ± SEmean) was the highest with 30% infusions of Pennisetum grass hay (623.6 ± 41) and rice straw (580 ± 51.3), ...
Byappanahalli Muruleedhara N MN US Geological Survey Great Lakes Science Center, Porter, Indiana, - - 2012
Enterococci are common, commensal members of gut communities in mammals and birds, yet they are also opportunistic pathogens that cause millions of human and animal infections annually. Because they are shed in human and animal feces, are readily culturable, and predict human health risks from exposure to polluted recreational waters, ...
Shin Ji-Ae - - 2012
Since the 5-year survival rate of oral cancer remains low, more effective and non-toxic therapeutic and preventive strategies are required. Certain natural products possess anti-cancer properties. The present study investigated the effects of the methanol extracts of Codonopsis lanceolata (MECI) and Tricholoma matsutake (METM) and identified the molecular target in ...
Li Wei - - 2012
The present study was designed to investigate whether cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors (coxibs) could prolong survival time by attenuating the tumor growth of ovarian cancer xenograft-bearing mice. Tumor growth and survival time were observed and compared in mice which were treated with a COX-1 inhibitor (SC-560) and a COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib) ...
Jonsson Eva Lindell - - 2012
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is a common form of cancer, and despite improvements in treatment during the last decades, survival rates have not significantly increased. There is therefore a need to better understand how these tumours and the adjacent tissues react to radiotherapy, the most common type of ...
Santos-Vera Bermary B Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, Medical Sciences Campus, PO Box 365067, 00936-5067, San Juan, Puerto - - 2013
Alteration of the biological activity among neuronal components of the mesocorticolimbic (MCL) system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of drug abuse. Changes in the electrophysiological properties of neurons involved in the reward circuit seem to be of utmost importance in addiction. The hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide current, I h, is ...
Bhardwaj Sunny P - - 2012
The goal was to investigate the correlation between molecular mobility and physical stability and identify the specific mobility mode responsible for instability. The molecular mobility of amorphous itraconazole, in the glassy as well as the supercooled liquid state, was comprehensively characterized using dynamic dielectric spectroscopy. Isothermal frequency sweeps in the ...
Lee Jun Hyuck - - 2012
Ice-binding proteins (IBPs) can bind to the ice crystal and inhibit its growth. Because this property of IBPs can increase the freeze-thaw survival of cells, IBPs have attracted the attention from industries for their potential use in biotechnological applications. However, their use was largely hampered by the lack of the ...
Vincent Stephen J - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the symmetry of corneal changes following near work in the fellow eyes of non-amblyopic myopic anisometropes. METHODS: Thirty-four non-amblyopic, myopic anisometropes (minimum 1 D spherical equivalent anisometropia) had corneal topography measured before and after a controlled near work task. Subjects were positioned in a headrest to minimise ...
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