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Results 701 - 750 of 5693
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Echlin Paul S - - 2012
Object The primary objective of this study was to measure the incidence of concussion according to a relative number of athlete exposures among 25 male and 20 female varsity ice hockey players. The secondary objective was to present neuropsychological test results between preseason and postseason play and at 72 hours, ...
Boucard Geoffroy K - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to determine the impact of physical activity on three different executive functions (shifting, inhibition, and updating) and to examine whether cardiovascular fitness was a good mediator of the positive link(s) between these variables. Sixty-three young adults (18-28 years), 30 young-old adults (60-70 years) and ...
Thomsen George - - 2012
Background Many critically ill patients have severe volume overload due to vigorous fluid resuscitation. Optimal fluid management strategies to clear tissue edema are unclear. Objective To assess safety and effectiveness of a clinical application of a furosemide infusion protocol in edematous critically ill patients. Methods A prospective, cohort study of ...
Kowalczewski Piotr - - 2012
A theoretical study of randomly rough interfaces to obtain light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells is presented. Roughness is modeled as a surface with Gaussian disorder, described using the root mean square of height and the lateral correlation length as statistical parameters. The model is shown to describe commonly ...
Zhang Xiuda - - 2012
In recent years, various methods have emerged to improve the detection speed of three-dimensional active imaging based on the hypothesis that only one return signal in the same pixel or direction exists. This study presents a method that increases the detection speed and capability of discrete multireturn signals in the ...
Maung K M - - 2012
Snake bite has been regarded as an important health problem in Myanmar since early 1960's. In the recent years, there has been growing interest in alternative therapies and therapeutic use of natural products, especially those derive from plants. In Myanmar and Indian traditional medicine, various plants have used as a ...
McCormick Susan M - - 2012
Fluid shear stress is an important regulator of vascular and endothelial cell (EC) functions. Its effect is dependent not only on magnitude but also on flow type. Although laminar flow predominates in the vasculature, transitional flow can occur and is thought to play a role in vascular diseases. While a ...
Kim Minjin - - 2012
We experienced a rare case of primary intracranial choriocarcinoma treated successfully with synchronous chemotherapy and radiotherapy followed by three consecutive courses of chemotherapy without surgery. A 19-year-old male patient presented with a two-week history of diplopia, headache, nausea and vomiting. Neurological examination revealed visual disturbance, bilateral hearing loss, bilateral sixth ...
Pagsberg Anne Katrine - - 2012
The DSM-5 list of diagnoses concerning schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders is expected to be revised and graduated from mild to severe. The proposed changes for the diagnosis of schizophrenia affect demands for characteristic symptoms, clarify relation to pervasive developmental disorders, and eliminate the classic subtypes of schizophrenia. A ...
Geri G - - 2012
PURPOSE: Tuberculous paradoxical reactions (PR) have been seldom studied in non-immunocompromised patients. We conducted a study to describe the incidence, clinical and biological features, treatment and outcome of PR in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients treated for extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and to identify predictive factors of PR. METHODS: A single-center ...
Jeffery R - - 2012
AIMS: To systematically review randomized trials that assessed the effects of computerized clinical decision support systems in ambulatory diabetes management compared with a non-computerized clinical decision support system control. METHODS: We included all diabetes trials from a comprehensive computerized clinical decision support system overview completed in January 2010, and searched ...
Niederhauser Blake D - - 2012
The "effervescent gallbladder" sign, the sonographic finding of tiny echogenic foci rising from the dependent portion of the gallbladder, reminiscent of bubbles rising in a glass of champagne, has been reported previously as a finding of emphysematous cholecystitis. We report two additional cases of this unusual finding in an asymptomatic ...
Jakob M - - 2012
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a rare tumor entity in Germany in contrast to endemic countries in Asia or Africa. This retrospective study investigated patient characteristics and prognostic factors with respect to different NPC treatment strategies. A total of 63 NPC patients treated during the period 1990-2009 at the University Hospital ...
Chandel Madhu - - 2012
To evaluate the antioxidant potential of different extract/fractions of Anthocephalus cadamba (A. cadamba) (Roxb.) Miq. (Rubiaceae) and study the tentative identification of their active constituents. The extract/fractions were screened for antioxidant activity using various in vitro assays viz. DPPH assay, ABTS assay, superoxide anion radical scavenging assay, reducing power assay ...
Qiu Ciyuan - - 2012
Resonator-based optical sensors detect the change of refractive index in the environment by measuring the resonance shift. The sensitivity of such sensors is determined by how precise one can locate the resonant wavelength, which is thought to be limited by the bandwidth and the quality factor of the resonator. Here ...
Chamard Emilie - - 2012
Object Despite negative neuroimaging findings using traditional neuroimaging methods such as MRI and CT, sports-related concussions have been shown to cause neurometabolic changes in both the acute and subacute phases of head injury. However, no prospective clinical study has used an independent physician-observer design in the monitoring of these changes. ...
Mott Bryan T - - 2012
Parasitic diseases continue to have a devastating impact on human populations worldwide. Lack of effective treatments, the high cost of existing ones, and frequent emergence of resistance to these agents provide a strong argument for the development of novel therapies. Here we report the results of a hybrid approach designed ...
Matsumoto T - - 2012
Background  DAV-interferon (IFN)-β therapy is a combination chemotherapy of dacarbazine (DTIC), nimustine (ACNU) and vincristine (VCR) with local subcutaneous injection of IFN-β that is widely employed as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy to treat malignant melanoma in Japan. However, the efficacy of DAV-IFN-β therapy has not been confirmed by randomized controlled trials ...
Lim David - - 2012
Background: Development of modern therapeutic approaches over the last decade has improved short-term well-being in JIA patients. This study examines disease damage and body composition (BC). Aims: Comparison of JIA patients' clinical well-being with matched controls assessing BC, cross-sectional inflammatory markers and the levels of joint and uveitis-associated damage relating ...
Liu Chun-Yan - - 2012
Serine/threonine protein kinases phosphorylate protein substrates to initiate further cellular events. Different serine/threonine protein kinases have varied functions despite their highly conserved homology. We propose prodeath-S/TK, a prodeath serine/threonine protein kinase from the lepidopteran insect Helicoverpa armigera, promotes programmed cell death (PCD) during metamorphosis. Prodeath-S/TK is expressed in various tissues ...
Yu Meng-Chieh - - 2012
Breathwalk is a science of combining specific patterns of footsteps synchronized with the breathing. In this study, we developed a multimedia-assisted Breathwalk-aware system which detects user's walking and breathing conditions and provides appropriate multimedia guidance on the smartphone. Through the mobile device, the system enhances user's awareness of walking and ...
Aeenparast Afsoon - - 2012
Waiting time is an important indicator of patient satisfaction and the quality of care. The aim of this study is to determine the waiting time in physician offices in Tehran, Iran.   This was a cross-sectional study. The target population of this study consisted of specialist and subspecialist offices in ...
George Peter - - 2012
Splenic abscesses are increasingly being identified, possibly due to widespread use of imaging modalities in clinical practice. The commonest clinical features are high grade fever and exclusively localised left upper quadrant abdominal pain. These symptoms are similar to most infectious diseases prevalent in the tropics, making imaging by ultrasonography or ...
Sun X - - 2012
We experimentally demonstrate a transverse electric (TE)-pass polarizer using the recently proposed hybrid plasmonic waveguide. The device consists of a silicon film separated from a chromium layer by a silica spacer. The device was characterized using a tunable laser in the 1.52-1.58 μm wavelength range. For a 30 μm long polarizer, the ...
Kossatz Stella - - 2012
The authors conducted a study to evaluate tooth sensitivity (TS) and the bleaching effectiveness associated with use of a calcium-containing (CC) in-office bleaching gel. The authors used a 35 percent calcium-free (CF) hydrogen peroxide gel and a 35 percent CC hydrogen peroxide gel according to the manufacturer's instructions in 40 ...
Reichert F - - 2012
In this Letter, we report on laser operation of Pr<sup>3+</sup>,Mg<sup>2+</sup>:SrAl<sub>12</sub>O<sub>19</sub> pumped by a frequency-doubled optically pumped semiconductor laser. By employing a V-type cavity, we demonstrate cw laser operation at room temperature in the green spectral range in a doped oxide host for the first time to the best of our ...
Ohta Yasuhiko - - 2012
Effective surgical treatment for spontaneous pneumothorax requires control of the postoperative recurrent bulla. Currently, a covering method using an absorbable sheet is a well-recognized form of operative procedure to prevent recurrence. However, the technique used in covering methods appears to be complicated. Here, we present a simple covering method. Using ...
Azwandi A - - 2012
This paper discusses the colonization of the stratiomyid species Ptecticus melanurus (Walker) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in monkey carrion and its potential for the determination of the minimum time since death (PMI). A study was conducted in a tropical forest at Bangi, Malaysia from 13 November 2009 to 8 June 2011. Twelve ...
Zheng Yulong - - 2012
Icotinib is a new oral epidermal growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). The most frequent side-effects of icotinib include rash and diarrhea. Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) induced by EGFR-TKI is rare. The present study describes, for the first time, HFS induced by high-dose icotinib in a 65-year old female with metastatic ...
Harnett Mark D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder is a common disorder that affects approximately 34 million adults in the United States. Anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) agents are the most widely used pharmacological option for overactive bladder. OBJECTIVE: This study set out to identify and characterize the influence of a number of intrinsic characteristics on the pharmacokinetics ...
Uchida Keiichi - - 2012
Pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) is reportedly more extensive and progressive in its clinical course than adult UC. Therefore, more aggressive initial therapies and more frequent colectomies are needed. When physicians treat pediatric UC, they must consider the therapeutic outcome as well as the child's physical and psychological development. Mucosal proctocolectomy ...
Wilson P Chris - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects and potential recovery of the surrogate aquatic macrophyte Lemna minor exposed to the herbicide norflurazon for 10 days under controlled conditions. Decreases in frond production occurred as early as 2 days after treatment (DAT) at concentrations ≥250 μg/L. The observed no observable-adverse effects and lowest observable-adverse effects concentrations during ...
Erichsen Daniel - - 2012
Objectives. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and habitual snoring are highly prevalent childhood conditions and have been associated with a large array of negative health outcomes. Although guidelines were published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) a decade ago recommending routine screening of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in primary care settings, ...
Nalysnyk Luba - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown aetiology. It is a rare disease, and its incidence and prevalence are not clear. Therefore, we sought to review the published evidence on the global epidemiology of IPF. A comprehensive review of English language literature was performed ...
Nguyen V Duc - - 2012
We designed, fabricated, and characterized an integrated-optics-based swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system in TriPleX technology. An external 1300 nm swept source is coupled to the chip, which contains waveguide structures for interferometric depth ranging and balanced detection. The complete OCT chip has a footprint of 0.4  cm×1.8  cm. Light from the chip ...
Jisha Chandroth P - - 2012
Through two-photon lithographic processes, we report experimentally and numerically a series of photoinduced tunable polymerization patterns in shapes from straight channel, serpentine curve, to periodic grating when an ultrashort femtosecond laser pulse directly writes in a liquid-crystal-monomer mixture along a line for different scanning speeds. Laser beams with polarization perpendicular ...
Tatsu Kazuhito - - 2012
A 74-year-old female who had been on hemodialysis for 4 years developed congestive heart failure. Severe mitral valve stenosis and tricuspid regurgitation were thought to be causes of her heart failure. She underwent a replacement of severely calcified mitral valve and an annuloplasty of tricuspid valve. We excised both mitral ...
Oeste Clara L - - 2012
Autophagic and endo-lysosomal degradative pathways are essential for cell homeostasis. Availability of reliable tools to interrogate these pathways is critical to unveil their involvement in physiology and pathophysiology. Although several probes have been recently developed to monitor autophagic or lysosomal compartments, their specificity has not been validated through co-localization studies ...
Xue Sheng-Liu - - 2012
The optimal adjuvant treatment modality for gastric cancer has not been well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of adjuvant combined systemic and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (ACSIP) in high-risk patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Between June 2003 and December 2008, 62 eligible patients ...
Jeng Kuo-Shyang - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a worldwide malignancy, is prevalent in Asian countries. For individuals with unresectable HCC, the effect of chemotherapy or the present target therapy is limited. There is an urgent need to find innovative new therapies. It is believed that sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway activation may be essential for ...
Den Oudsten Brenda L - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the minimal clinical important difference (MCID) of the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument (WHOQOL-100) for women with early-stage breast cancer. If the MCID is known, then the instrument is also useful for individual patients and thus useful in ...
Henry David - - 2012
Although ecology is often cited as an important factor in prevention, it is infrequently incorporated to the evaluation of intervention effects. This study tests the moderating role of three developmental microsystems (family, peer, and school) on a family-focused intervention to prevent violence. The family intervention was part of the Multisite ...
Wang Zhang-Feng - - 2013
Postconditioning (Postcon) reduces infarct size. However, its role in modulation of cardiac repair after infarction is uncertain. This study tested the hypothesis that Postcon inhibits adverse cardiac repair by reducing degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and synthesis of collagens via modulating matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and transforming growth factor (TGF) ...
Wang Jun - - 2012
To explore the anti-tumor effects of asiatic moonseed rhizome extraction-dauricine on bladder cancer EJ cell strain, prostate cancer PC-3Mcell strain and primary cell culture system. The main effective component-phenolic alkaloids ofMenispermum dauricum was extracted and separated from asiatic moonseed rhizome by chemical method. MTT method was used to detect dauricine ...
Zhao Mingtao - - 2012
We describe a common-path swept source optical coherence tomography fiber probe design using a sapphire ball lens for cross-sectional imaging and sensing for retina vitrectomy surgery. The high refractive index (n=1.75) of the sapphire ball lens improves the focusing power and enables the probe to operate in the intraocular space. ...
Koerte Inga K - - 2012
Object The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of repetitive head impacts on white matter integrity that were sustained during 1 Canadian Interuniversity Sports (CIS) ice hockey season, using advanced diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods Twenty-five male ice hockey players between 20 and 26 years of age ...
Maltby John - - 2012
Many accounts of social influences on exercise participation describe how people compare their behaviors to those of others. We develop and test a novel hypothesis, the exercise rank hypothesis, of how this comparison can occur. The exercise rank hypothesis, derived from evolutionary theory and the decision by sampling model of ...
Bakhshi Bita - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity and class 2 integron content of typical and atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strains isolated from children less than 5 years of age. Biochemical tests and serogrouping were performed for identification of isolated strains, and each isolate was tested for ...
Yamamoto Jun - - 2012
We experienced a rare case of a 76-year-old man with an anterior mediastinal tumor diagnosed postoperatively as atypical thymic carcinoid with hypercalcemia. He was found to have a growing abnormal mediastinal shadow, and admitted. Chest computed tomography scan on admission revealed an anterior mediastinal mass of 4.0 cm in diameter. ...
Siti Shafiyyah C O - - 2012
A survey was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of intestinal and blood parasites among wild rats in urban area of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A total of 137 stool and blood samples were collected from wild rats from Sentul and Chow Kit areas. Five species of rats were captured and supplied ...
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