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Hoth S - - 2012
This paper presents the recommendations compiled by the German Electric Response Audiometry Working Group (Arbeitsgruppe Elektrische Reaktions-Audiometrie, AGERA) and the Association of German Audiologists and Neuro-otologists (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutschsprachiger Audiologen und Neurootologen, ADANO) for infants that fail newborn hearing screening (NHS) tests. Outlined are procedures for follow-up diagnosis using objective hearing ...
Uchida Tetsuro - - 2012
To minimize the risk of malperfusion, axillary arterial cannulation which avoids retrograde flow, has been widely used in patients undergoing operations for various types of aortic pathologies. Despite several advantages of this technique, cerebral malperfusion is getting known and might be due to newly developed arterial damage or dissection. Eighty-four ...
Pang Shuo - - 2012
Here we report a low-cost and simple wide field-of-view (FOV) on-chip fluorescence-imaging platform, termed fluorescence Talbot microscopy (FTM), which utilizes the Talbot self-imaging effect to enable efficient fluorescence imaging over a large and directly scalable FOV. The FTM prototype has a resolution of 1.2 μm and an FOV of 3.9  mm×3.5  mm. We ...
Constantine Robert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the impact of a prior-authorization process on the use of antipsychotic medications by children under six years old in Florida's fee-for-service Medicaid program. METHODS Child psychiatrists reviewed requests for antipsychotic treatment (N=1,424) using forms and criteria created by a panel of Florida-based experts. Data on the ...
Zuckerman Scott L - - 2012
Sports-related concussions (SRCs) represent a significant and growing public health concern. The vast majority of SRCs produce mild symptoms that resolve within 1-2 weeks and are not associated with imaging-documented changes. On occasion, however, structural brain injury occurs, and neurosurgical management and intervention is appropriate. A literature review was performed ...
Spatafora Sebastiano - - 2012
The first Italian national guidelines were developed by the Italian Association of Urologists and published in 2007. Since then, a number of new drugs or classes of drugs have emerged for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), new data have emerged on ...
You Jun - - 2013
Abiotic stresses such as drought cause a reduction of plant growth and loss of crop yield. Stomatal aperture controls CO(2) uptake and water loss to the atmosphere, thus playing important roles in both the yield gain and drought tolerance of crops. Here, a rice homologue of SRO (similar to RCD ...
Sahraei R - - 2012
A new spectrophotometric method is reported for the determination of nanomolar level of malachite green in surface water samples. The method is based on the catalytic effect of silver nanoparticles on the oxidation of malachite green by hexacyanoferrate (III) in acetate-acetic acid medium. The absorbance is measured at 610 nm with ...
Nickel Anja - - 2012
For the development of nanoscale devices, the manipulation of single atoms and molecules by scanning tunneling microscopy is a well established experimental technique. However, for the construction of larger and higher order structures, it is important to move not only one adsorbate, but several at the same time. Additionally, a ...
Olszanecka-Glinianowicz Magdalena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze relationships between plasma apelin-36 and apelin-12 levels, nutritional status, insulin resistance and hormonal disturbances, as well as plasma adiponectin, leptin, and resistin concentrations in PCOS women. STUDY DESIGN PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional study involving 87 PCOS (48 obese) and 67 ...
Schaefer Paul - - 2012
Acute otitis externa is a common condition involving inflammation of the ear canal. The acute form is caused primarily by bacterial infection, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus the most common pathogens. Acute otitis externa presents with the rapid onset of ear canal inflammation, resulting in otalgia, itching, canal edema, ...
Matsko A B - - 2012
We theoretically investigate mode-locked regimes of optical-frequency combs generated in a nonlinear ring microresonator pumped with continuous-wave light. We find that breather solitons can be formed in the resonator for certain values of frequency and power of the pump. We argue that relatively slow modulation of the comb-frequency harmonics observed ...
Martin Eamonn - - 2012
This research carries out coherence measurements of a 42.7 GHz quantum dash (QDash) semiconductor laser when passively, electrically, and optically mode-locked. Coherence of the spectral lines from the mode-locked laser is determined by examining the radio frequency beat-tone linewidth as the mode spacing is increased up to 1.1 THz. Electric-field measurements of ...
Quintero Jesús M - - 2012
In this Letter, the main attributes known to affect color quality are treated statistically over a set of 118 spectra representing the current mainstream lighting technology. The color rendering index (CRI) is used to assess color fidelity while colorfulness is used to complement CRI-R<sub>a</sub>, supported by the growing evidence that ...
Hunter Jennifer - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: As traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines (TCAM) continue to find their way into mainstream medical practice, questions arise about the future of integrative medicine (IM). Concern has been voiced that the biomedical profession will dominate IM and many of the core principles and philosophies governing the practice of ...
Dhital Raghu Nath - - 2012
This paper describes the unique catalytic activity of bimetallic Au/Pd alloy nanoclusters (NCs) for Ullmann coupling of chloroarenes in aqueous media at low temperature. The corresponding reaction cannot be achieved by monometallic Au and Pd NCs as well as their physical mixtures. Based on quantum chemical calculation it was found ...
Daniele Thiago Medeiros da Costa - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship between physical activity with co morbidities and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetic patients with and without restless legs syndrome (RLS). This is an observational study, set at tertiary care diabetic outpatient clinic, where 200 consecutive type 2 diabetic patients and 47 controls participated. ...
Emmer Jiří - - 2012
Density functional theory was employed to study the influence of O-phosphorylation of serine, threonine, and tyrosine on the amidic (15)N chemical shielding anisotropy (CSA) tensor in the context of the complex chemical environments of protein structures. Our results indicate that the amidic (15)N CSA tensor has sensitive responses to the ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
The aim of this study was to observe the dynamic changes of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), S-100B, and Tau proteins levels in full-term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to discuss their significance in brain damage. Serum samples of 28 full-term newborns diagnosed with HIE and 20 controls were ...
Erichsen Daniel - - 2012
Objectives. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and habitual snoring are highly prevalent childhood conditions and have been associated with a large array of negative health outcomes. Although guidelines were published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) a decade ago recommending routine screening of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in primary care settings, ...
Nalysnyk Luba - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown aetiology. It is a rare disease, and its incidence and prevalence are not clear. Therefore, we sought to review the published evidence on the global epidemiology of IPF. A comprehensive review of English language literature was performed ...
Kilpatrick A Marm AM Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. - - 2012
Emerging vector-borne diseases are an important issue in global health. Many vector-borne pathogens have appeared in new regions in the past two decades, while many endemic diseases have increased in incidence. Although introductions and emergence of endemic pathogens are often considered to be distinct processes, many endemic pathogens are actually ...
Nguyen V Duc - - 2012
We designed, fabricated, and characterized an integrated-optics-based swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system in TriPleX technology. An external 1300 nm swept source is coupled to the chip, which contains waveguide structures for interferometric depth ranging and balanced detection. The complete OCT chip has a footprint of 0.4  cm×1.8  cm. Light from the chip ...
Jisha Chandroth P - - 2012
Through two-photon lithographic processes, we report experimentally and numerically a series of photoinduced tunable polymerization patterns in shapes from straight channel, serpentine curve, to periodic grating when an ultrashort femtosecond laser pulse directly writes in a liquid-crystal-monomer mixture along a line for different scanning speeds. Laser beams with polarization perpendicular ...
Tatsu Kazuhito - - 2012
A 74-year-old female who had been on hemodialysis for 4 years developed congestive heart failure. Severe mitral valve stenosis and tricuspid regurgitation were thought to be causes of her heart failure. She underwent a replacement of severely calcified mitral valve and an annuloplasty of tricuspid valve. We excised both mitral ...
Elmenhorst David - - 2012
Serotonin and its cerebral receptors play an important role in sleep-wake regulation. The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of 24-h total sleep deprivation on the apparent serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT(2A)R) binding capacity in the human brain to test the hypothesis that sleep deprivation induces global ...
Oeste Clara L - - 2012
Autophagic and endo-lysosomal degradative pathways are essential for cell homeostasis. Availability of reliable tools to interrogate these pathways is critical to unveil their involvement in physiology and pathophysiology. Although several probes have been recently developed to monitor autophagic or lysosomal compartments, their specificity has not been validated through co-localization studies ...
Xue Sheng-Liu - - 2012
The optimal adjuvant treatment modality for gastric cancer has not been well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of adjuvant combined systemic and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (ACSIP) in high-risk patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Between June 2003 and December 2008, 62 eligible patients ...
Jeng Kuo-Shyang - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a worldwide malignancy, is prevalent in Asian countries. For individuals with unresectable HCC, the effect of chemotherapy or the present target therapy is limited. There is an urgent need to find innovative new therapies. It is believed that sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway activation may be essential for ...
Den Oudsten Brenda L - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the minimal clinical important difference (MCID) of the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument (WHOQOL-100) for women with early-stage breast cancer. If the MCID is known, then the instrument is also useful for individual patients and thus useful in ...
Henry David - - 2012
Although ecology is often cited as an important factor in prevention, it is infrequently incorporated to the evaluation of intervention effects. This study tests the moderating role of three developmental microsystems (family, peer, and school) on a family-focused intervention to prevent violence. The family intervention was part of the Multisite ...
Williams Lisa-Mae - - 2012
In tele-intensive care units, informatics, telecommunication technology, telenursing, and telemedicine are merged to provide expert, evidence-based, and cutting-edge services to critically ill patients. Telenursing is an emerging subspecialty in critical care that is neither well documented in the extant literature nor well understood within the profession. Documentation and quantification of ...
Lee Jung Hee - - 2012
The authors noticed that ankle joint osteoarthritis was not uncommon when lower extremity malalignment, such as a knee varus deformity, was present as a result of severe osteoarthritis of the knee. The purpose of this study was to analyze radiologic changes of the ankle joint after total knee arthroplasty. This ...
Ahmadvand Alireza - - 2012
There are different reasons for mergers among higher education institutes. In October 2010 the Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) merged with two other medical universities in Tehran. In this study, we aim to review the literature on academic integrations and university mergers to call the attention to challenges and ...
Sapaat A - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to see the anthelmintic activity potential of papaya seeds against Hymenolepis diminuta in rats. The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the effectiveness of papaya seeds on helminths especially H. diminuta in rats and (2) to determine the effective dose level on ...
Li Yuhong - - 2012
Human choriocarcinoma is one of the most aggressive malignant tumors characterized by early hematogenous spread to lung and brain tissues, and may be a cause of death in patients. Choriocarcinoma may occur following pregnancy and during implantation; however, trophoblastic invasion in human pregnancy is tightly regulated. The transforming growth factor-beta ...
Eldred Catherine C CC Department of Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, - - 2013
The conformational changes in myosin associated with ADP release and their influence on actin sliding velocity are not understood. Following actin binding, the myosin active site is in equilibrium between a closed and open ADP bound state, with the open state previously thought to favor ADP release and thus expected ...
Fejes I - - 2012
Our report presents a case of Clostridium septicum gas gangrene in an unusual, orbital localization. The predisposing factors are typical: colon tumour and lymphatic malignancy. Most probably bacteria from the intestinal flora entered the bloodstream through the compromised intestinal wall and settled in the orbit resulting in the development of ...
Siennick Sonja E - - 2012
Companions are central to explanations of the risky nature of unstructured and unsupervised socializing, yet we know little about whom adolescents are with when hanging out. We examine predictors of how often friendship dyads hang out via multilevel analyses of longitudinal friendship-level data on over 5,000 middle schoolers. Adolescents hang ...
Chen Chih-Cheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia-induced cholestasis increases hepatic oxidative stress with eventual progression to cirrhosis and liver failure. Omega-3 fatty acids play a possible role in the regulation of oxidative stress and the improvement of cholestasis. AIM: The goal of the present study is to investigate the role of dietary supplementation of ...
Bae Sooho S Department of Radiology, Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Gyeonggi, Republic of - - 2012
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used for diagnosing osteochondral lesions in the talus. The purpose of this study was to directly compare the MRI with the arthroscopic findings. MR images of 42 ankles were retrospectively reviewed during a period of 67 months. The osteochondral lesions were evaluated by both ...
Hoff Colleen C CC Center for Research and Education on Gender and Sexuality, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94103, USA. - - 2012
Understanding situations that increase HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) requires consideration of the context in which risky behaviors occur. Relationships are one such context. This study examines the presence and predictors of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the past 3 months among 566 MSM couples. ...
Fallahi Homeira - - 2012
Unprotected sexual activity is an important reason for the currently growing incidence of HIV infection in Iran. Recognizing barriers to safe sexual practice and affordance of behavioral changes can improve planning for condom promotion. The main objective of our study is to evaluate the opinions of HIV-positive men on condom ...
Marshall Cameron M - - 2012
Sports-related concussion has gained widespread interest and media attention in recent years due to the potential dangers and long-term consequences. Despite several international consensus statements there remains a great deal of uncertainty surrounding these injuries. This paper is a review of recent literature on the topic of concussion, consisting of: ...
Noonan Benjamin - - 2012
Both extreme heat and cold can be challenging for athletes during training and competition. One role of the team physician is to educate coaches and athletes on the risks of exposure to these conditions and how to best prevent and manage their adverse effects. Heat illness varies in degree from ...
Wang Jingyu - - 2012
Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors (SH-WFS) have little sensitivity in depth and hence are unsuitable for microscopy and are limited for retinal imaging. We demonstrate the first direct Shack-Hartmann measurement of wavefront originating from a multiple-layer target, in the presence of significant stray reflections that render a standard SH-WFS inoperable. A coherence-gate ...
Deng Yunpei - - 2012
We produce 1.5 cycle (10.5 fs), 1.2 mJ, 3 kHz carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm carrier wavelength, from a three-stage optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier system, pumped by an optically synchronized 1.6 ps Yb:YAG thin disk laser. A chirped periodically poled lithium niobate crystal is used to generate the ultrabroad spectrum needed for a 1.5 cycle ...
Kartashov Yaroslav V - - 2012
We show that an inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity that grows toward the periphery in the positive and negative transverse directions at different rates can support strongly asymmetric fundamental and multipole bright solitons, which are stable in wide parameter regions. In the limiting case, when nonlinearity is uniform in one direction, solitons ...
He Ping - - 2012
Pulmonary carcinoid tumorlet is a rare pathology and appears to be always associated with other lesions such as bronchiectasis and fibrosis. While the caus e-effect relationship between tumorlet and the accompanying pathological changes in the surrounding mesenchymal tissue remains to be defined, it has been postulated that pulmonary fibrosis may ...
Meehan Courtney L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Previous research among foragers and theory suggests that nonmaternal caregivers offer essential assistance, which supports female reproduction and the costs associated with lengthy child development. Mothers' face trade-offs in energy allocation between work and childcare, particularly when mothers have an infant. These trade-offs likely have crucial impacts on the ...
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