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Schaefer Paul - - 2012
Acute otitis externa is a common condition involving inflammation of the ear canal. The acute form is caused primarily by bacterial infection, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus the most common pathogens. Acute otitis externa presents with the rapid onset of ear canal inflammation, resulting in otalgia, itching, canal edema, ...
Matsko A B - - 2012
We theoretically investigate mode-locked regimes of optical-frequency combs generated in a nonlinear ring microresonator pumped with continuous-wave light. We find that breather solitons can be formed in the resonator for certain values of frequency and power of the pump. We argue that relatively slow modulation of the comb-frequency harmonics observed ...
Martin Eamonn - - 2012
This research carries out coherence measurements of a 42.7 GHz quantum dash (QDash) semiconductor laser when passively, electrically, and optically mode-locked. Coherence of the spectral lines from the mode-locked laser is determined by examining the radio frequency beat-tone linewidth as the mode spacing is increased up to 1.1 THz. Electric-field measurements of ...
Quintero Jesús M - - 2012
In this Letter, the main attributes known to affect color quality are treated statistically over a set of 118 spectra representing the current mainstream lighting technology. The color rendering index (CRI) is used to assess color fidelity while colorfulness is used to complement CRI-R<sub>a</sub>, supported by the growing evidence that ...
Hunter Jennifer - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: As traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines (TCAM) continue to find their way into mainstream medical practice, questions arise about the future of integrative medicine (IM). Concern has been voiced that the biomedical profession will dominate IM and many of the core principles and philosophies governing the practice of ...
Dhital Raghu Nath - - 2012
This paper describes the unique catalytic activity of bimetallic Au/Pd alloy nanoclusters (NCs) for Ullmann coupling of chloroarenes in aqueous media at low temperature. The corresponding reaction cannot be achieved by monometallic Au and Pd NCs as well as their physical mixtures. Based on quantum chemical calculation it was found ...
Daniele Thiago Medeiros da Costa - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship between physical activity with co morbidities and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetic patients with and without restless legs syndrome (RLS). This is an observational study, set at tertiary care diabetic outpatient clinic, where 200 consecutive type 2 diabetic patients and 47 controls participated. ...
Emmer Jiří - - 2012
Density functional theory was employed to study the influence of O-phosphorylation of serine, threonine, and tyrosine on the amidic (15)N chemical shielding anisotropy (CSA) tensor in the context of the complex chemical environments of protein structures. Our results indicate that the amidic (15)N CSA tensor has sensitive responses to the ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
The aim of this study was to observe the dynamic changes of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), S-100B, and Tau proteins levels in full-term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to discuss their significance in brain damage. Serum samples of 28 full-term newborns diagnosed with HIE and 20 controls were ...
Murakami Tadahiro - - 2012
Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is an uncommon tumor, and especially the one located in the left ventricular outflow tract wall is rare. The patient is a 69-year-old female. Multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) revealed a 20×15 mm tumor attached to the left ventricular outflow tract wall under the left coronary cusp. The ...
Nophawan B - - 2012
Based on the current forensic importance of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae), their biological aspects have been studied increasingly worldwide. The blow fly fauna in Phitsanulok Province, Northern Thailand was studied from May 2009 to April 2010 in the residential, agricultural, mountainous and forested areas of Muang, Wat Bot, Nakhon Thai ...
- - 2012
In his regular update for Veterinary Record, Nigel Gibbens, the UK Chief Veterinary Officer, revisits the basis for the proposed badger culling policy and provides an overview of other current issues, including surveillance for Schmallenberg virus, dealing with equine infectious anaemia and the UK's stance on proposed changes to EU ...
Chaudhury Srabanti - - 2012
We consider a generic stochastic model of ion transport through a single channel with arbitrary internal structure and kinetic rates of transitions between internal states. This model is also applicable to describe kinetics of a class of enzymes in which turnover events correspond to conversion of substrate into product by ...
Maser Edmund - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The 16th International Meeting on the Enzymology and Molecular Biology of Carbonyl Metabolism, Castle of Ploen (Schleswig-Holstein, Germany), July 10--15, 2012, covered all aspects of NAD(P)-dependent oxido-reductases that are involved in the general metabolism of xenobiotic and physiological carbonyl compounds. Starting 30 years ago with enzyme purification, structure elucidation ...
Wu Chuan - - 2012
Glyoxalase I is the first enzyme of the glyoxalase system that can detoxify methylglyoxal, a cytotoxic compound increased rapidly under stress conditions. Here we report cloning and characterization of a glyoxalase I from sugar beet M14 line (an interspecific hybrid between a wild species Beta corolliflora Zoss and a cultivated ...
Iwahashi Noriaki - - 2012
Early transmitral flow velocity (E) divided by early diastolic velocity of the mitral valve annulus (e') is referred to as the E/e' ratio, a variable that strongly correlates with mean left ventricular filling pressure. E/e' obtained at acute phase has been reported as useful in predicting prognosis in patients with ...
Zendehdel Kazem - - 2012
Stomach cancer is the most common cancer in Iran. A multi-ethnic population and wide variation in the environmental risk factors may lead to variations in cancer risk within this country. We have designed an ecological study and evaluated geographical variation regarding mortality from stomach cancer and its established risk factors ...
Linguissi Laure Stella Ghoma - - 2012
To evaluate efficiency of HAART in the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission. A longitudinal study was conducted on 1 300 women attending the antenatal service at Saint Camille Medical Centre from September 2010 to July 2011. The HIV status of mothers was determined by rapid tests and ELISA. ...
Bamaiyi P H - - 2012
A study was carried out to isolate Brucella melitensis using established bacteriological and PCR techniques in Brucella seropositive goats in farms in Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Pulau Pinang. Brucella melitensis was isolated from 7 of 134 reactors with the highest isolation from the vaginal swabs (57.14%) followed by the ...
de la Haye Kayla - - 2012
Homeless youth lack the traditional support networks of their housed peers, which increases their risk for poor health outcomes. Using a multilevel dyadic analytic approach, this study identified characteristics of social contacts, relationships, and social networks associated with the provision of tangible and emotional support to homeless youth (N = ...
Gehringer Daphne B - - 2012
We evaluated mercury (Hg) exposure and two biomarkers, metallothionein (MT) gene expression and histopathological alterations in a wild fish species, largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), collected from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, CA, a region polluted with Hg from historic mining activities. Hg is highly toxic and can disrupt multiple physiological systems ...
Newcombe Jennifer - - 2012
Abdominal compartment syndrome is defined as sustained intra-abdominal pressure greater than 20 mm Hg (with or without abdominal perfusion pressure <60 mm Hg) associated with new organ failure or dysfunction. The syndrome is associated with 90% to 100% mortality if not recognized and treated in a timely manner. Nurses are ...
Switzer Julie A - - 2012
Elder abuse is an underestimated mechanism of musculoskeletal injury and is of significant concern in geriatric and rapidly aging populations of the United States. Abuse can occur in a home or institutional setting and may include physical, sexual, emotional, or financial abuse as well as neglect or abandonment. Elderly persons ...
Xu Yi - - 2012
We study the transmission properties of a one-dimensional array with intersite side-coupled defect and demonstrate that, as the system undergoes sharp Fano resonance, it exhibits geometry-induced vorticity of the energy flux. The optical vortex inverts its handedness at the Fano resonance, revealing a strong link between two phenomena, both being ...
Zambrano L I - - 2012
Climate change and variability are affecting human health and disease direct or indirectly through many mechanisms. Dengue is one of those diseases that is strongly influenced by climate variability; however its study in Central America has been poorly approached. In this study, we assessed potential associations between macroclimatic and microclimatic ...
Yanagida Toshio - - 2012
Single molecule measurements have shown that a muscle myosin step is driven by biased Brownian movement. Furthermore, they have also demonstrated that in response to strain in the backward direction a detached myosin head preferentially attaches to the forward direction due to an accelerated transition from a weak binding to ...
Kröpil F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage caused by inflammatory vessel erosion represents a life-threatening complication after upper abdominal surgery such as pancreatic head resection. The gold standard therapeutic choice is an endovascular minimally invasive technique such as embolization or stent placement. Hepatic arterial hemorrhage in presence of pancreatitis and peritonitis is a particular challenge ...
Karczewska-Kupczewska Monika - - 2012
CONTEXT: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder, resulting in sustained low weight and marked decrease in fat mass. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) may play a role in appetite, energy expenditure and body weight control. IL-6 acts through binding with membrane receptor (IL-6R) and activates glycoprotein 130 (gp130) signaling. Both IL-6R ...
van Bremen T - - 2012
Centralized emergency departments are becoming a major source of health care in Germany. In this study, we evaluated the importance for ENT health care. In a retrospective study, all ENT emergency patients between May and July 2011 were characterized by diagnosis, therapy, and urgency (measured using the Manchester Triage System ...
Karkheiran Siamak - - 2012
Chorea-acanthocythosis (ChAc) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by movement disorders, neuropsychiatric disturbances, neuropathy, myopathy, seizures and acanthocytosis accompanied by an elevated serum creatine kinase (CK) level. Its causative gene (VPS13A) produces chorein which is absent in ChAc patients as evaluated by Western blot assay. We report the first three ...
Hartley Katherine G - - 2012
MRI plays a critical role in all orthopaedic practices. A basic working knowledge of the most commonly used pulse sequences in musculoskeletal imaging and the appearance of normal tissues on those sequences is critical to confident MRI interpretation. The orthopaedic surgeon should be familiar with appropriate use of intravenous and ...
Hong Xiaoping - - 2012
We report a continuous-wave, broadly tunable mid-infrared MgO:PPLN optical parametric oscillator pumped by a fiber amplifier. Using pump tuning with synchronized temperature optimization, we achieve the broadest mode-hop-free (MHF) tuning of idler light over 30  cm<sup>-1</sup>. We further use this tunable mid-infrared laser to demonstrate high-resolution absorption spectroscopy of methane across ...
Kelberer Andreas - - 2012
We present a highly purposive technique to optically induce periodic photonic lattices enriched with a negative defect site by using a properly designed nondiffracting (ND) beam. As the interference of two or more ND beams with adequate mutual spatial frequency relations in turn reproduces an ND beam, we adeptly superpose ...
Pfeiffer Paul N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE The study evaluated whether timely postdischarge follow-up, a health system quality indicator, corresponded with improved longer-term posthospital care for depression. METHODS The authors assessed outpatient mental health encounters, including telephone contact, within seven days of discharge among 56,785 Veterans Health Administration patients with an inpatient stay for major depression ...
- - 2012
The winter season has crept up on us rather quickly, says the BVA's recent graduate representative Jen Hall. Suddenly we are coping with dark evenings and colder weather, which for young (and older) vets can make the Christmas season a lonely and isolating time. Leaving and returning home in the ...
Palm Fredrik - - 2012
The body has an intricate system for transporting oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere to each and every cell, in order to sustain normal cell, organ and whole-body function. However, the amount of oxygen available for the oxygen-requiring cellular processes is determined by numerous factors, including oxygen delivery, which in turn ...
Bajwah Sabrina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease have symptom control and quality of life (QoL) needs. This review aims to evaluate the evidence for the use of interventions in improving dyspnoea, other symptoms and QoL. METHODS: Eleven databases, relevant websites and key journals were hand-searched. Studies were assessed and data ...
Fanata Wahyu Indra Duwi - - 2012
To explore the physiological significance of N-glycan maturation in plant Golgi, gnt1, a mutant with loss of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GnTI) function, was isolated in Oryza sativa. gnt1 exhibited complete inhibition of N-glycan maturation and accumulated high-mannose N-glycans. Phenotypic analyses revealed that gnt1 shows defective post-seedling development and incomplete cell wall ...
Chen Jian-Wen - - 2012
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli F18 is a major pathogen that causes postweaning diarrhoea and edema disease in piglets. The alpha(1,2)-fucosyltransferase (FUT1) gene has been identified as an ideal candidate gene for controlling the expression of the receptor for ECF18 bacteria. Therefore, the use of RNA interference (RNAi) to study the function ...
Khan Haseena Banu Hedayathullah - - 2012
To explore the protective effect of the drug Semecarpus anacardium (S. anacardium)on altered glucose metabolism in diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was induced by feeding rats with high fat diet followed by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (35 mg/kg b.w.). Seven days after STZ induction, diabetic rats received ...
Glastre W - - 2012
We propose a novel technique of microscopy to overcome the effects of both scattering and limitation of the accessible depth due to the objective working distance. By combining laser optical feedback imaging with acoustic photon tagging and synthetic aperture refocusing we demonstrate an ultimate shot noise sensitivity at low power ...
Zhang Siwen - - 2012
A semianalytical Fabry-Perot model is presented to investigate the electromagnetic enhancement by double grooves in gold substrate. The influence of hybrid wave (HW) propagating along the metal surface on field enhancement is explored systematically with a HW model. Simulation results imply that the hybrid generated by one groove can affect ...
Dicaire Isabelle - - 2012
High-resolution infrared absorption spectroscopy of acetylene gas is demonstrated in a dispersion-engineered photonic crystal waveguide under slow-light propagation. Experimental enhancement factors of 0.31 and 1.00 are obtained for TE and TM polarization, respectively, for group indices ranging from 1.5 to 6.7. The dependence of molecular absorption on the evanescent electric-field ...
Hirooka Shigeki - - 2012
True left ventricular aneurysms are thought to arise from the expansion and thinning of the transmural infarct area, whereas false aneurysms result from containment of ventricular rupture by pericardial adhesions. We reported a case of true left ventricular aneurysm with pseudoaneurysm( mixed type aneurysm) which was treated surgically.
Fan Liangsheng - - 2012
E-cadherin is a key cell-to-cell adhesion molecule associated with the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells; however, the molecular mechanisms are not entirely understood. In this study, we investigated whether downregulation of E-cadherin by E-cadherin-specific small intefering RNA (siRNA) was able to promote malignant phenotypes of prostate cancer cells through ...
Kim Yong-Giun - - 2012
To evaluate factors associated with aortic enlargement in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and the impact of isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR). A retrospective analysis of clinical data in a tertiary referral hospital. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 595 patients with BAV to assess variables determining maximal ...
Inoue Takashi - - 2012
A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with abnormal chest shadow detected on a medical checkup. Chest computed tomography(CT)showed a well-defined tumor in the upper lobe of the right lung. On positron emission tomography by fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG),the tumor revealed to be positive. We performed right upper lobectomy with hilar and ...
Gosselin Nadia - - 2012
Object Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), often referred to as concussion when it occurs in sports, produces persistent cognitive problems in at least 15% of patients. Unfortunately, conventional neuropsychological tests usually yield results within normal limits in this population. The main objective of this event-related potential (ERP) study was to ...
Youssefi M R - - 2012
Ligula intestinalis parasite is a cestodes that causes remarkable damages to fish. It is also of prime importance in economic and hygienic aspects. SDS-PAGE and western blotting are the methods that can be used to determine the electerophoretic pattern of somatic and excretory-secretory proteins of parasites. In this study, after ...
Nüßlein H G - - 2012
According to a survey carried out during the annual congress of the German Society for Rheumatology (DGRh) last year, many rheumatologists would like to initiate TNF-alpha inhibitors earlier than suggested in the EULAR recommendations. While most of the survey participants agreed with the initial MTX monotherapy favored therein, more than ...
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