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Jagirdar J J Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. - - 2013
Human pleuro-pulmonary endometriosis (PPE) is rare. Recently, we identified several cases of abdominal endometriosis in baboons that developed PPE. Ten cases of PPE and four of intra-abdominal endometriosis (three simultaneous) were identified at necropsy in baboons (Papio spp.) found dead due to natural causes. The endometriotic lesions were evaluated using ...
Jensen Rebekka V RV Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Aarhus N DK-8200, Denmark. - - 2013
Post-translational modification of proteins by O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is cardioprotective but its role in cardioprotection by remote ischaemic preconditioning (rIPC) and the reduced efficacy of rIPC in type 2 diabetes mellitus is unknown. In this study we achieved mechanistic insight into the remote stimulus mediating and the target organ response ...
Mazzotti Eva - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Patients' care has been associated with a high burden of psychological symptoms in caregivers. This study identifies characteristics associated with mood disorders in caregivers of cancer patients. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two caregivers, aged 24-78 years (average age 51; 60 % females), of cancer patients completed Family Strain Questionnaire (FSQ), Hospital Anxiety ...
Strauß G - - 2012
Although robust algorithms for registration and segmentation are available, the majority of surgical approaches to the temporal bone are nowadays made without navigation assistance. Beside instrument navigation (IN), functions such as distance control (DC) and navigated control (NC) can be used. This study analyzes the application of these navigation functionalities ...
D'Alto Michele M Dept of Cardiology, Monaldi Hospital, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common complication of congenital heart disease (CHD), with most cases occurring in patients with congenital cardiac shunts. In patients with an uncorrected left-to-right shunt, increased pulmonary pressure leads to vascular remodelling and dysfunction, resulting in a progressive rise in pulmonary vascular resistance and increased ...
Matheny Samuel C - - 2012
Hepatitis A is a common viral illness worldwide, although the incidence in the United States has diminished in recent years as a result of extended immunization practices. Hepatitis A virus is transmitted through fecal-oral contamination, and there are occasional outbreaks through food sources. Young children are usually asymptomatic, although the ...
Ideguchi T - - 2012
Dual-comb spectroscopy is extended to the visible spectral range with two short-pulse frequency-doubled free-running ytterbium-doped fiber lasers. When the spectrum is shifted to other domains by nonlinear frequency conversion, tracking the relative fluctuations of the femtosecond oscillators at their fundamental wavelength automatically produces the correction signal needed for the recording ...
Ruiz Ulises - - 2012
Optical microsystems have become important tools for imaging, optofluidics, and sensor applications. Here we show a versatile method to create microlens arrays (MAs) exploiting spatial-light-modulator-assisted polarization holography, which enables an efficiency of diffraction up to 100%. We demonstrate the large flexibility of the proposed approach by codifying mixed MAs, i.e., ...
Indelicato Peter A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allografts processed via a novel sterilization system with the traditional aseptically processed BTB allografts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: A total of 67 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction at 6 independent investigation sites were randomized into one of two ...
Han Xueyao - - 2012
Heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in NEUROD1 have been identified as a very rare cause of maturity-onset diabetes of the young and neonatal diabetes. Previous studies showed that a common A45T variant located in NEUROD1 was inconsistently associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in different ethnic populations. This study aimed to ...
Scrivo Rossana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of serial QuantiFeron-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) tests in patients with rheumatic diseases during longterm systemic treatment with biologic therapy, evaluating conversions and reversions in relation to the clinical outcome. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on patients awaiting biologic agents. At baseline, they had chest ...
Hamilton Ruth - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIM: Early and accurate diagnosis of functional visual loss (FVL) allows optimum management. Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) offer a means of objectively estimating acuity and therefore could assist with early and accurate diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the step VEP in ...
Fuentes Christina T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Following spinal cord injury (SCI) or anaesthesia, people may continue to experience feelings of the size, shape and posture of their body, suggesting that the conscious body image is not fully determined by immediate sensory signals. How this body image is affected by changes in sensory inputs from, and ...
Bakker Astrid D - - 2012
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has long been held responsible for NO production by mechanically stimulated osteoblasts, but this has recently been disputed. We investigated whether one of the three known NOS isoforms is essential for NO production by mechanically stimulated osteoblasts in vitro and revisited the bone phenotype of ...
Neal Joel W - - 2013
Angiogenesis, the recruitment and growth of blood vessels, is a process central to the growth of solid tumors. One of the key mediators of angiogenesis is the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of ligands. An antibody to VEGF-A, bevacizumab, has demonstrated a survival benefit in conjunction with platinum-based doublet ...
Moazam Farhat - - 2012
This essay provides a brief overview of the rise of organ trade in Pakistan towards the end of the last century and the concerted, collective struggle-of physicians and medical associations aided by the media, journalists, members of civil society, and senior judiciary-in pressuring the government to bring about and implement ...
Jielile Jiasharete J Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, - - 2012
This prospective study was performed to investigate the contribution of early kinesiotherapy, the active exercise and movement of the ankle and knee joints, following a novel surgical technique for reconstruction of the acutely ruptured Achilles tendon and the underlying mechanisms involved. One hundred and seven patients with an acute Achilles ...
Khan Haseena Banu Hedayathullah - - 2012
To explore the protective effect of the drug Semecarpus anacardium (S. anacardium)on altered glucose metabolism in diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was induced by feeding rats with high fat diet followed by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (35 mg/kg b.w.). Seven days after STZ induction, diabetic rats received ...
Javanbakht A - - 2012
Cross Infections (CIs) are considered as a major public health problem worldwide. They cause delay in recovery, increased mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study is to report the incidence of CIs in our teaching hospital during a 23-month period. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 76766 patients from 2009 ...
Glastre W - - 2012
We propose a novel technique of microscopy to overcome the effects of both scattering and limitation of the accessible depth due to the objective working distance. By combining laser optical feedback imaging with acoustic photon tagging and synthetic aperture refocusing we demonstrate an ultimate shot noise sensitivity at low power ...
Zhang Siwen - - 2012
A semianalytical Fabry-Perot model is presented to investigate the electromagnetic enhancement by double grooves in gold substrate. The influence of hybrid wave (HW) propagating along the metal surface on field enhancement is explored systematically with a HW model. Simulation results imply that the hybrid generated by one groove can affect ...
Dicaire Isabelle - - 2012
High-resolution infrared absorption spectroscopy of acetylene gas is demonstrated in a dispersion-engineered photonic crystal waveguide under slow-light propagation. Experimental enhancement factors of 0.31 and 1.00 are obtained for TE and TM polarization, respectively, for group indices ranging from 1.5 to 6.7. The dependence of molecular absorption on the evanescent electric-field ...
Hirooka Shigeki - - 2012
True left ventricular aneurysms are thought to arise from the expansion and thinning of the transmural infarct area, whereas false aneurysms result from containment of ventricular rupture by pericardial adhesions. We reported a case of true left ventricular aneurysm with pseudoaneurysm( mixed type aneurysm) which was treated surgically.
Kilinc Gonca - - 2012
Some biomarkers can be helpful in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) and determining of severity and prognosis of the disease. In this study, we aimed to analyze the elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels and its association with electrocardiography (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) findings in patients with PE. ...
Fan Liangsheng - - 2012
E-cadherin is a key cell-to-cell adhesion molecule associated with the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells; however, the molecular mechanisms are not entirely understood. In this study, we investigated whether downregulation of E-cadherin by E-cadherin-specific small intefering RNA (siRNA) was able to promote malignant phenotypes of prostate cancer cells through ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a frequent complication of left heart disease arising from a wide range of cardiac disorders. In the clinical classification, PH associated with left heart disease is classified as Group 2, which includes left heart systolic dysfunction, left heart diastolic dysfunction and left heart valvular disease. In ...
Kurlansik Stuart L - - 2012
Seasonal affective disorder is a combination of biologic and mood disturbances with a seasonal pattern, typically occurring in the autumn and winter with remission in the spring or summer. In a given year, about 5 percent of the U.S. population experiences seasonal affective disorder, with symptoms present for about 40 ...
Quevedo-Teruel Oscar - - 2012
A modified Luneburg lens based on Hamiltonian optical transformation with planar feeds is proposed in this Letter. The lens, made of conventional all-dielectric materials, does not have any kind of anisotropy. Therefore, in theory, its bandwidth of operation has no upper frequency limitations in contrast with recent designs utilizing metamaterials. ...
Le Thanh - - 2012
A low-threshold solid-state UV laser using a whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonator constructed from UV transparent crystalline material is demonstrated. Using a Ce<sup>3+</sup>:LiCaAlF<sub>6</sub> resonator, we observe broad bandwidth lasing (280-330 nm) with a low threshold intensity of 7.5×10<sup>9</sup>  W/m<sup>2</sup> and an effective slope efficiency of ∼25%. The lasing time delay dynamics in ...
Yu Jin-Gang - - 2012
This Letter presents a computational model for saliency detection in natural images. While existing approaches usually make use of low-level or high-level visual features for establishing the saliency models, our method relies on midlevel visual cues, i.e., the superpixel representation of the image. In the proposed approach, the given image ...
De Beaumont Louis - - 2012
In this review the authors discuss persistent and cumulative alterations in both cognitive and motor function after sports concussions detected with some of the newest, most sophisticated brain investigation techniques. Ranging from subclinical neurophysiological alterations in young concussed athletes to quantifiable cognitive and motor function declines in former athletes in ...
Haubitz M - - 2012
During the course of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 30-90% of patients develop a renal manifestation which has proven to be decisive for morbidity and mortality. Histologically six different classes have been described leading to different treatment strategies. In mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis (class II) extrarenal manifestations determine the immunosuppressive treatment. ...
Tonosaki K - - 2012
A hybridization barrier leads to the inability of seed formation after intergeneric crossings between Brassica rapa and Raphanus sativus. Most B. rapa lines cannot set intergeneric hybrid seeds because of embryo breakdown, but a B. rapa line obtained from turnip cultivar 'Shogoin-kabu' is able to produce a large number of ...
Habenstein Birgit - - 2012
(13)C spin diluted protein samples can be produced using [1-(13)C] and [2-(13)C]-glucose (Glc) carbon sources in the bacterial growth medium. The (13)C spin dilution results in favorable (13)C spectral resolution and polarization transfer behavior. We recently reported the combined use of [1-(13)C]- and [2-(13)C]-Glc labeling to facilitate the structural analysis ...
Suttor Sean S Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia. - - 2013
Chance fractures are an uncommon spine injury in the paediatric population. As such there is a relative paucity of evidence in the literature to guide management decisions. We present our single centre experience in the operative management of these injuries. All patients presenting to a tertiary paediatric trauma centre between ...
Bagdas Deniz - - 2012
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a natural organic phenolic compound that is found in many plants, fruits and vegetables. CGA has beneficial bioactivities and strong therapeutic effects in inflammatory processes. CGA-rich fractions have analgesic activity but CGA has not been tested previously in neuropathic pain, which results from tissue damage, inflammation ...
Glien A - - 2012
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MSC) is a very rare sarcoma that is highly malignant with frequent local recurrences and distant metastases leading to a very poor long-term outcome. It differs from classical chondrosarcomas in that it occurs more often in children and commonly in extraskeletal locations. Hardly any evidence-based recommendations for treatment ...
Young Heather - - 2012
Mycoplasma hominis is a bacteria that colonizes and infects the genitourinary tract; extragenital infections are not common. Three surgical site infections because of M hominis in immunocompetent adult trauma patients were detected at our facility in a 6-month time period. We investigated this case series and hypothesize transmission based on ...
Saffari Mohsen - - 2012
Avicenna, a renowned Persian Muslim scientist has written numerous scientific papers and valuable medical books that are respected worldwide. For centuries his masterpiece, the "Canon of Medicine", has been used as a major medical reference. The Canon, as a prime encyclopedia on medicine is comprised of five books. In the ...
Mas David - - 2012
Subpixel methods increase the accuracy and efficiency of image detectors, processing units, and algorithms and provide very cost-effective systems for object tracking. Published methods achieve resolution increases up to three orders of magnitude. In this Letter, we demonstrate that this limit can be theoretically improved by several orders of magnitude, ...
Nguyen Dat - - 2012
A fiber-based chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) system with an active feedback loop for pulse shaping is experimentally demonstrated. A spectral processor is used in conjunction with a frequency-resolved optical gating measurement to produce high-quality pulses. Spectral phase and intensity shaping are utilized to generate a clean, high-contrast, transform-limited pulse with 15 dB ...
Matini M - - 2012
Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis, the causative agent of human urogenital infection, is the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted disease worldwide. In spite of the high prevalence and medical importance of trichomoniasis, there is little knowledge about genetic epidemiology and genetic characterisation of this parasite. For this purpose, a Single Stranded ...
Friedrich Nikolas N Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, CMU, University of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2012
A wide spectrum of pathogenic bacteria and protozoa has adapted to an intracellular life-style, which presents several advantages, including accessibility to host cell metabolites and protection from the host immune system. Intracellular pathogens have developed strategies to enter and exit their host cells while optimizing survival and replication, progression through ...
Zhu Wenjun - - 2012
In order to systematically evaluate the influence of lymph nodes (LNs) in lymph node metastases (LNM) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we set up a new in vitro model in which Hca-F and Hca-P cells were cultured in medium containing lymph node homogenates (LNHs). Differential protein expression was measured by two-dimensional ...
Sasaki Hidefumi - - 2012
Inflammation plays key roles at various stages of tumor development, including invasion and metastasis. In mice, the angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL2) gene has been implicated in inflammatory carcinogenesis. ANGPTL2 mRNA expression was investigated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay using LightCycler in surgically treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. ...
Kolb Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The failure of total hip replacements because of wear, particle-induced osteolysis, and aseptic loosening has focussed interest on factors potentially affecting the rate of wear. In this context the effect of particle release from the bone-implant interface of cementless implants is poorly understood. The surface structure for bony ongrowth ...
Newcomb Christina J - - 2012
Elucidating the structural information of nanoscale materials in their solvent-exposed state is crucial, as a result, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) has become an increasingly popular technique in the materials science, chemistry, and biology communities. Cryo-TEM provides a method to directly visualize the specimen structure in a solution-state through a ...
Vachiéry Jean-Luc - - 2012
Advances in the diagnosis and management of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have resulted in significant improvements in outcomes for patients with this devastating and progressive disease. However, because of the non-specific nature of its symptoms, and the low level of suspicion among clinicians, prompt and accurate diagnosis of PAH as ...
Badiee P - - 2012
Orbital mucormycosis caused by Zygomycetes is a rare and fatal infection that generally affects the patients who are immunocompromised. Despite antifungal therapy and aggressive surgical intervention, mucormycosis can cause serious and rapidly fatal infections if delayed diagnosis or therapeutic management occurs. Here, we report orbital mucormycosis in a healthy boy, ...
Zorzos Anthony N - - 2012
To deliver light to the brain for neuroscientific and neuroengineering applications like optogenetics, in which light is used to activate or silence neurons expressing specific photosensitive proteins, optical fibers are commonly used. However, an optical fiber is limited to delivering light to a single target within the 3D structure of ...
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