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Results 501 - 550 of 5706
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Dalsgaard Søren - - 2012
The proposed revision of the diagnostic criteria in DSM-5 for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) will not fundamentally change the concept of ADHD. This is mainly due to the fact that, DSM-5 will retain the exact DSM-IV wording of all 18 symptoms, but will add new examples that make the criteria more ...
Halder Dipti - - 2012
This study investigates the risk of arsenic (As) exposure to the communities in rural Bengal, even when they have been supplied with As safe drinking water. The estimates of exposure via dietary and drinking water routes show that when people are consuming water with As concentration <10 µg L-1, the ...
Sugawara Nobuo - - 2012
We report a successful second delivery of a healthy infant fathered using refrozen thawed testicular sperm from an infertile male chimera. We also examined sex chromosome distribution of the seminiferous tubule. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was performed using the remaining refrozen testicular sperm, which had been stored during the first ...
Linke Diana - - 2012
Investigating the secretion of esterases by the basidiomycetous fungus Pleurotus sapidus in a Tween 80-rich nutrient medium, an enzyme was discovered that hydrolyzed the ester bond of feruloylated saccharides. The enzyme was purified by ion exchange and size exclusion chromatography. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed a monomeric protein of about ...
Wang Fan F Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, VA Medical Center/116A2, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT 06516, - - 2013
Alcohol dependence (AD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder with high heritability. A number of studies have analyzed the association between the Taq1A polymorphism (located in the gene cluster ANKK1/DRD2) and AD. In the present study, we conducted a large-scale meta-analysis to confirm the association between the Taq1A polymorphism and the ...
Orr Justin D JD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Services, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, TX 79920, USA. - - 2012
Historically, osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLTs) were thought to occur most commonly in the anterolateral and posteromedial talar dome; however, new classification systems are able to describe OCLT location more precisely. A recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study introduced a novel nine-zone anatomic grid of the talar dome, demonstrating ...
Tedaldi Ellen M - - 2012
Abstract We used a standardized screening tool to examine frequency of depression and its relation to antiretroviral medication adherence among HIV-infected persons on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapy (SUN Study). This is a prospective ...
Zahraei Seyed Mohsen - - 2012
Annually, around six million patients are admitted to hospitals in Iran. Information about the prevalence of nosocomial infections (NIs) is necessary for both appropriate management and establishment of preventative measures in hospitals. This article is based on the findings of the Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (NISS) which has been providing ...
Malik Nadia K - - 2012
We retrospectively analyzed the results of patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer (LAPC) treated with either chemoradiation (CRT) or chemotherapy alone over the past decade. Between December 1998 and October 2009, 116 patients with LAPC were treated at our institution. Eighty-four patients received concurrent chemoradiation [RT (+) group], primarily ...
Han Pin - - 2012
The behavior of a limited bandwidth light wave reflected from a material interface is studied theoretically. It is shown that near the anomalous dispersion zone, if the incident center wavelength is shifted by a small amount, this shift can be amplified by about three times in the reflected light.
Bolli G B GB Clinica di Medicina Interna e Scienze Endocrine e Metaboliche, University of Perugia, Department of Medicine, Hospital Santa Maria della Misericordia, 06129 Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, Perugia, - - 2012
Diabetes is ultimately the result of relative or absolute insulin deficiency; insulin should therefore represent its "natural" treatment, from the very moment of diagnosis, or even earlier, such as any other hormonal deficiency. Insulin treatment, however, has been accused of the worst crimes, including that of fostering obesity, insulin resistance, ...
Tay T F - - 2012
The disease melioidosis, caused by the soil bacteria Burkholderia pseudomallei, often manifests as acute septicemia with high fatality. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) plays a key role during the inflammatory response induced by bacteria. We used a murine model of acute melioidosis to investigate the effects of LiCl, a GSK3 inhibitor ...
Supavekin Suroj - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The role of dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scintigraphy in the first episode of urinary tract infection (UTI) has been the subject of debate for many years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), renal ultrasonography and DMSA renal scintigraphy and to detect ...
Gonzalez-Galarza F F - - 2012
Continuing a project presented at the 15th International HLA and Immunogenetics Workshop (IHIWS) on the rarity of HLA alleles, we sought to expand the number of data sources and bioinformatics tools available in the Allele Frequencies Net Database website (AFND, www.allelefrequencies.net). In this 16th IHIWS Rare Alleles project, HLA alleles ...
Yousefi M M Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, TehranDepartment of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, TehranDepartment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, TehranSchool of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Nigella sativa has been used in traditional medicine. Although it was investigated in different studies, its effect on hand eczema has not been studied yet. To compare the effects of Nigella, Betamethasone and Eucerin on severity of hand eczema and patients' life quality. In this randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial, ...
Yasuda T - - 2012
AIMS: To investigate community shifts of amoA-encoding archaea (AEA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in biofilter under nitrogen accumulation process. METHODS AND RESULTS: A laboratory-scale rockwool biofilter with an irrigated water circulation system was operated for 436 days with ammonia loading rates of 49-63 NH(3) g m(-3) d(-1) . The AEA ...
Meiser Bettina - - 2012
Bilateral risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. This study assessed factors predicting uptake of RRSO. Women participating in a large multiple-case breast cancer family cohort study who were at increased risk for ovarian and fallopian tube cancer (i.e. BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation ...
Rahman Luthfur - - 2012
Polyethylene wear is an important factor in failure of total hip arthroplasty (THA). With increasing numbers of THAs being performed worldwide, particularly in younger patients, the burden of failure and revision arthroplasty is increasing, as well, along with associated costs and workload. Various radiographic methods of measuring polyethylene wear have ...
Jeong Hyun-Woo - - 2012
In order to achieve computationally efficient mirror image rejection during the off-pivot, full-range approach in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, we used a vestigial sideband (VSB) filter in place of a Hilbert transform. The appropriate choice of the VSB filter parameters enabled almost complete removal of one sideband with much reduced ...
Preciado Miguel A - - 2012
A novel (to our knowledge) kind of Airy-based pulse with an invariant propagation in lossy dispersive media is proposed. The basic principle is based on an optical energy trade-off between different parts of the pulse caused by the chromatic dispersion, which is used to compensate the attenuation losses of the ...
Ishikawa Takashi - - 2012
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. However, it is very rarely manifested as hematologic disorders. A 35-year-old woman was admitted because of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Examinations revealed the presence of breast cancer in her left breast; therefore, paclitaxel was administered weekly. Although disseminated intravascular coagulation ...
Mang Géraldine M - - 2012
Orexin peptides activate orexin 1 and orexin 2 receptors (OX(1)R and OX(2)R), regulate locomotion and sleep-wake. The dual OX(1)R/OX(2)R antagonist almorexant reduces activity and promotes sleep in multiple species, including man. The relative contributions of the two receptors in locomotion and sleep/wake regulation were investigated in mice. Mice lacking orexin ...
Kim Jong-Hyun - - 2012
Naegleria fowleri, free-living amoeba, has been found in diverse habitats throughout the world. It causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in children and young adults. The amoeba attaches to nasal mucosa, migrates along olfactory nerves, and enters the brain. Astrocytes are involved in the defense against infection and produce inflammatory responses. In ...
Leung Henry Wc - - 2012
Objective: To investigate whether the use of statins is associated with common cancer risk. Methods: A population-based case-control study was conducted in Taiwan. Cases were defined as all patients who were aged 18 years and older and had received at least two statin prescriptions for use continuously for at least ...
Ahmed Ahmed - - 2012
Orbital meningoceles and encephaloceles are rare extracranial extensions of the brain and meninges with or without direct communication between the central nervous system and the abnormal mass. We reported a rare case of large fetal orbital encephalocele; the diagnosis was suspected initially by prenatal ultrasound and confirmed by postnatal MRI ...
Zhang Guozhu G Department of Traumatic Orthopaedics, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Xin Jie Kou Dong Jie, Beijing, China. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate patients who had open reduction and external fixation of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with supercutaneous calcaneal locking plates used as external fixators. Between October 2007 and June 2009, 25 cases were performed. According to the Sanders classification system, 17 cases were ...
Kamesh Venkatakrishnan - - 2012
To explore the effect of alcoholic extract of Bacopa monniera (AEBM) on high cholesterol diet-induced rats. The shade-dried and coarsely powdered whole plant material (Bacopa monniera) was extracted with 90% ethanol, finally filtered and dried in vacuum pump. The experimental rats were divided into 4 groups: control (group-I), Rats fed ...
Ghannadi A - - 2012
Essential oils are volatile compounds that have been used since Middle Ages as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, sedative, local anesthetic and food flavoring agents. In the current study, essential oils of Pelargonium graveolens L'Her and Vitex agnus-castus L. were analyzed for their antibacterial activities. The chemical compositions of essential oils were characterized ...
Chang Tara I TI Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, 780 Welch Road Suite 106, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. - - 2012
Thirty to sixty percent of patients with ESRD on dialysis have coronary heart disease, but the optimal strategy for coronary revascularization is unknown. We used data from the United States Renal Data System to define a cohort of 21,981 patients on maintenance dialysis who received initial coronary revascularization with either ...
Piper Steven - - 2012
To detail the presentation of a male adolescent competitive high-level soccer player with left sided low back pain that occurred while playing soccer. This case will outline the importance of early detection, risk of progression and management of active spondylolysis in adolescent athletes. The patient initially presented to a chiropractic ...
Smidt Ami - - 2012
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a painful condition secondary to bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. It occurs at a much higher rate in patients receiving intravenous (IV) versus oral BP treatment. BPs are prescribed in the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis, multiple myeloma, cancer metastases and Paget disease. Patients' ...
Murayama Ayumi - - 2012
A 3-month-old boy was transferred to our hospital because of a cardiac tumor in the right heart, which had been prenatally diagnosed by fetal echocardiography. During the operation, the tumor was found on the Chiari's network in the right atrium. The tumor was excised and the ventricular septal defect was ...
Hyde Amanda L - - 2012
Accumulating research indicates that physical activity is motivated by automatic evaluations of physical activity. Little is known about the stability of automatic evaluations or how their dynamics impact physical activity. We tested the measurement invariance and stability of university students' (N = 164) automatic evaluations of physical activity. In addition, ...
Gao Shao-Yong - - 2012
This study investigated the rapid onset of bronchodilation effect and compared lung function changes following budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort Turbuhaler®) inhalation in Chinese patients with moderate-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchial asthma. In this open-label, parallel-group clinical study, patients eligible for study were divided into COPD group (n=62, mean age ...
Muniaraj M - - 2012
The vector mosquitoes of dengue and chikungunya fever, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus have adapted to feed on humans and undergo larval and pupal development in natural and artificial freshwater collections. Although several studies reported, still, much information is required to understand the successful survival of Aedes mosquitoes in small ...
Sacco Emilio - - 2012
Mirabegron is a novel, once-daily, orally active, first-in-class, potent β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist recently approved by Food and Drug Administration for overactive bladder therapy. Phase II studies and four large-scale phase III multinational randomized, controlled trials have supported the efficacy and tolerability of mirabegron in the clinical trial setting of patients with ...
Lanyon L E - - 2012
Does more mean better, different, or worse, asks Lance Lanyon.
Turecek J - - 2012
For reliable detection of explosives, a combination of methods integrated within a single measurement platform may increase detection performance. However, the efficient field testing of such measurement platforms requires the use of inexplosive simulants that are detectable by a wide range of methods. Physical parameters such as simulant density, elemental ...
Miyazaki Kensuke - - 2012
Chronic idiopathic colonic pseudo-obstruction (CICP) is characterized by the chronic disturbance of colonic motility without mechanical obstruction, any underlying disease or medication. Currently, there are no established medical treatments for CICP. A 62-year-old female who had undergone right hemicolectomy for splenic flexure syndrome caused by idiopathic megacolon was referred to ...
Cheah Nuan Ping - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Many electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are marketed as safer tobacco alternative products or effective cessation therapies. ENDS samples were evaluated for design features, including nicotine and glycols content. This could be useful in developing a legal framework to handle ENDS. METHODS: Identification of the nicotine, glycerol and propylene ...
Cheng Sammy C H - - 2012
PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to investigate the sonographic (US) appearances of submandibular glands in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after external beam radiotherapy (RT) and compare them with those of healthy subjects. METHODS.: A total of 81 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with RT and 66 healthy subjects were ...
Albrecht Martin - - 2013
Transient episodes of ischemia in a remote organ (remote ischemic preconditioning, RIPC) bears the potential to attenuate myocardial injury, but the underlying mechanisms are only poorly understood. In the pilot experimental study presented we investigated cellular and molecular effects of RIPC in heart tissue of cardiosurgical patients with cardiopulmonary bypass ...
Gerstner A O H - - 2012
Hyperspectral imaging has been proven to be useful in remote earth sensing, e.g., satellite-based classification of vegetation. After modifying it for in vivo evaluation of the larynx using microscopy, we show its adoption for endoscopes. In addition to routine microlaryngoscopies under white light inspection, the laryngoscopy was also performed with ...
Chen Guang-Shun - - 2012
To observe the effect of Kupffer cells on immune tolerance in liver transplantation. The rats were randomly divided into A, B and C groups. A group was sham operation group. The donor rats of group B had intraperitoneal injection of 1 nmol Kuppffer cells every other day for three days ...
Dutta Anwesha - - 2012
A solvent system that extracts a maximum number of metabolites belonging to diverse chemical classes from complex biofluids, such as plasma, may offer useful inputs to understand the metabolic and physiological state of an individual. The present study compared seven solvent systems for extraction of metabolites from plasma. The extracts ...
Droques M - - 2012
We report the experimental demonstration of a modulation instability (MI) process assisted by a periodic dispersion modulation in an optical fiber. We observe the spontaneous growth of more than 10 pairs of MI sidebands spanning over more than 10 THz thanks to a quasi-phase-matched process.
Echlin Paul S - - 2012
Object The primary objective of this study was to measure the incidence of concussion according to a relative number of athlete exposures among 25 male and 20 female varsity ice hockey players. The secondary objective was to present neuropsychological test results between preseason and postseason play and at 72 hours, ...
Boucard Geoffroy K - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to determine the impact of physical activity on three different executive functions (shifting, inhibition, and updating) and to examine whether cardiovascular fitness was a good mediator of the positive link(s) between these variables. Sixty-three young adults (18-28 years), 30 young-old adults (60-70 years) and ...
Ohta Hiroyoshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of pregabalin for the treatment of Japanese patients with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: This 53-week, open-label extension study was conducted at 20 study sites in Japan in patients with FM who had completed a preceding 16-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Patients received pregabalin, starting ...
Yamakoshi Hiroyuki - - 2012
Alkyne has a unique Raman band that does not overlap with Raman scattering from any endogenous molecule in live cells. Here, we show that alkyne-tag Raman imaging (ATRI) is a promising approach for visualizing non-immobilized small molecules in live cells. An examination of structure-Raman shift/intensity relationships revealed that alkynes conjugated ...
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