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Sasaki Hidefumi - - 2012
Inflammation plays key roles at various stages of tumor development, including invasion and metastasis. In mice, the angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL2) gene has been implicated in inflammatory carcinogenesis. ANGPTL2 mRNA expression was investigated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay using LightCycler in surgically treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. ...
Kolb Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The failure of total hip replacements because of wear, particle-induced osteolysis, and aseptic loosening has focussed interest on factors potentially affecting the rate of wear. In this context the effect of particle release from the bone-implant interface of cementless implants is poorly understood. The surface structure for bony ongrowth ...
Newcomb Christina J - - 2012
Elucidating the structural information of nanoscale materials in their solvent-exposed state is crucial, as a result, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) has become an increasingly popular technique in the materials science, chemistry, and biology communities. Cryo-TEM provides a method to directly visualize the specimen structure in a solution-state through a ...
Casper Robert F - - 2012
The concept of using aromatase inhibitors in place of clomiphene citrate (CC) for ovulation induction was introduced >10 years ago; a brief history of its development is presented. Its worldwide usage for ovulation induction, including as an adjunct for intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization has occurred despite the absence of ...
Sitbon Olivier - - 2012
It is well established that the endothelin, nitric oxide and prostacyclin pathways play an important role in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Indeed, the therapeutic options currently available for the management of PAH all act on one of these mechanistic pathways. However, this is an exciting time for ...
Serebryannikov Andriy E - - 2012
Wideband suppression of zero order and relevant strongly asymmetric transmission can be obtained in photonic crystal gratings that are made of linear isotropic materials and show the broken structural (axial) symmetry, even if zero diffraction order may be coupled to a Floquet-Bloch (FB) wave at the incidence and exit interfaces. ...
Hao Jiaming - - 2012
In this Letter, we present a new type of ultrathin antireflection transparent and high-conductive screen based on plasmonic nanostructures that does not suffer from high loss and thickness coating and also can be used as good conductive material due to super electrical conductivity of the component (noble metal). Low reflection ...
Kawahito Tomohisa - - 2012
Tracheo-innominate artery fistula (TIF) is a rare but fatal complication after tracheostomy. Necessary lifesaving measures include proper ventilation, temporary hemostasis, and surgery. Recently, we successfully managed 3 cases of TIF. Ventilation and temporary hemostasis were secured by a long endotracheal tube and overinflated cuff. Division of the innominate artery, restoration ...
Koutras Georgios - - 2012
PURPOSE: Several studies have suggested that drilling the femoral tunnel through an anteromedial arthroscopic portal during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction allows more anatomic placement of the graft. However, no studies have investigated whether the anteromedial approach results in better outcomes compared to the traditional transtibial drilling approach when a hamstring ...
Birau Amalia - - 2012
Despite advances in treatment, the prognosis for lung cancer patients remains poor. Angiogenesis appears to be a promising target for lung cancer therapy; however, the clinical significance of vascular changes are not completely understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the types and morphology of blood vessels in ...
Sell U - - 2012
Facial impalement in childhood is very rare. In most cases, it is caused by accident. We present two young patients who suffered a facial impalement injury and were treated in the interdisciplinary emergency room of the University Hospital Bonn, Germany. The degree of injury could not be completely determined during ...
Callens Stefaan - - 2012
Personal health monitoring (PHM) can be defined as comprising all technical systems, processing, collecting, and storing of data linked to a person. PHM involves several legal issues that are described in this article. This article analyses firstly the short-term actions that are needed at the European level to allow personal ...
Zhu Zhaojie - - 2012
The spectra of Er<sup>3+</sup>:CaGdAlO<sub>4</sub> and Pr<sup>3+</sup>/Er<sup>3+</sup>:CaGdAlO<sub>4</sub> crystals were measured under the same conditions. With the presence of Pr<sup>3+</sup> ions, the intensities of the green, red upconversion and near-infrared emissions are dramatically reduced to 1/20, 1/150, and 1/8.5 of those for Er<sup>3+</sup>:CaGdAlO<sub>4</sub>. Furthermore, the lifetimes of I<sub>11/2</sub>4 upper and I<sub>13/2</sub>4 lower ...
Yang Yuanjie - - 2012
By analysis of the far-field cross-correlation function (CCF) of partially coherent optical beams, we demonstrate an implicit rule that the number of ring dislocations (dark zones) of the far-field CCF is equal to the original topological charge of an optical vortex rendered partially coherent. This novel link between an optical ...
Glozier Nicholas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE The authors evaluated management of illness, including access to specialist mental health care, among people identified by general practitioners as clinically depressed. METHODS Australian primary care practitioners recruited in 2009 completed case reports and collected self-report assessments from five to seven consecutively presenting patients whom they identified as having ...
Wang Zi - - 2012
In the clinical setting, drug resistance remains a significant obstacle for successful chemotherapy. Bcl-2/adenovirus EIB 19-kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) is a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family. To address its potential as a therapeutic target for chemosensitisation, this study investigated the effect of BNIP3 expression on chemosensitivity and reversal of ...
Dobos Judit - - 2012
The possibility that endocrine factors may influence the clinical course of malignant melanoma is suggested by the superior survival data of women. In preclinical models we observed a higher rate of colony formation by human melanoma cells in male compared to female SCID mice, but only in the case of ...
Veeramani Chinnadurai - - 2012
To investigate the protective role of Cardiospermum halicacabum (C. halicacabum) leaf extract on glycoprotein metabolism in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in male albino Wistar rats by intraperitonial administration of STZ. The C. halicacabum leaf extract (CHE) was administered orally to normal and STZ-diabetic rats for 45 days. ...
Zali Aref Rasoulzadeh - - 2012
We propose a photodetector (PD) based on the internal photoemission effect over a Schottky barrier on a CMOS-compatible Si microring resonator for 1.55 μm. To analyze the device, we model the microring waveguide partially covered by a metal/silicide nanolayer, using the Z-transform method. The proposed structure benefits from the resonant-cavity-enhanced (RCE) ...
Takahara Shingo - - 2012
Congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases, with a high incidence of associated valvular lesions and aortic abnormalities including aortic stenosis( AS), aortic regurgitation, aortic dilatation, and aortic dissection. Patients with BAV and AS often have a small aortic annulus. We encountered a ...
- - 2012
Council and committee structure Updating the profession's disciplinary machinery These were among matters discussed at the RCVS Council meeting held at Belgravia House in London on November 1. The President, Jacqui Molyneux, was in the chair.
Liu Wei-Dong - - 2012
Fibrosarcoma is a malignant soft tissue tumor of mesenchymal origin. Despite advances in medical and surgical treatment, patient survival rates have remained poor. According to the cancer stem cell hypothesis, tumors are comprised of heterogeneous cell populations that have different roles in tumor formation and growth. Cancer stem cells are ...
Odri Guillaume-A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Combining bone marrow (BM) with graft materials can stimulate bone healing. However, bone growth is not quantified in most studies, and the influence of the rate of interconnectivity of ceramics loaded with bone marrow has not yet been quantified. Here, a rabbit model of posterolateral intertransverse arthrodesis was used ...
Sakamaki Kensuke - - 2012
In a previous study, the formation and formation pathway of 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol as an off-flavor compound formed from ascorbic acid and (E)-hex-2-enal in a test apple beverage was investigated. In the present study, elucidating the pH, temperature, and (E)-hex-2-enal and ascorbic acid concentrations that lead to the generation of 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol in ...
Mroczek Agnieszka - - 2012
Triterpene saponins in the roots of Beta vulgaris cultivars Red Sphere, Rocket and Wodan were profiled and quantitated using reverse-phase liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI/MS/MS). Results obtained indicated that the roots of all three cultivars contained 11 saponins consisting of oleanolic acid or hederagenin aglycone and ...
Boyer Andrew C - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiographic features of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the urinary bladder (NECB) on CT and to review the literature regarding carcinogenesis, treatment, and prognosis. METHODS: The presenting CT of patients with pathology-proven NECB were retrospectively reviewed for features including size and appearance ...
Kurlansik Stuart L - - 2012
Seasonal affective disorder is a combination of biologic and mood disturbances with a seasonal pattern, typically occurring in the autumn and winter with remission in the spring or summer. In a given year, about 5 percent of the U.S. population experiences seasonal affective disorder, with symptoms present for about 40 ...
Quevedo-Teruel Oscar - - 2012
A modified Luneburg lens based on Hamiltonian optical transformation with planar feeds is proposed in this Letter. The lens, made of conventional all-dielectric materials, does not have any kind of anisotropy. Therefore, in theory, its bandwidth of operation has no upper frequency limitations in contrast with recent designs utilizing metamaterials. ...
Le Thanh - - 2012
A low-threshold solid-state UV laser using a whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonator constructed from UV transparent crystalline material is demonstrated. Using a Ce<sup>3+</sup>:LiCaAlF<sub>6</sub> resonator, we observe broad bandwidth lasing (280-330 nm) with a low threshold intensity of 7.5×10<sup>9</sup>  W/m<sup>2</sup> and an effective slope efficiency of ∼25%. The lasing time delay dynamics in ...
Yu Jin-Gang - - 2012
This Letter presents a computational model for saliency detection in natural images. While existing approaches usually make use of low-level or high-level visual features for establishing the saliency models, our method relies on midlevel visual cues, i.e., the superpixel representation of the image. In the proposed approach, the given image ...
De Beaumont Louis - - 2012
In this review the authors discuss persistent and cumulative alterations in both cognitive and motor function after sports concussions detected with some of the newest, most sophisticated brain investigation techniques. Ranging from subclinical neurophysiological alterations in young concussed athletes to quantifiable cognitive and motor function declines in former athletes in ...
Haubitz M - - 2012
During the course of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 30-90% of patients develop a renal manifestation which has proven to be decisive for morbidity and mortality. Histologically six different classes have been described leading to different treatment strategies. In mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis (class II) extrarenal manifestations determine the immunosuppressive treatment. ...
Tonosaki K - - 2012
A hybridization barrier leads to the inability of seed formation after intergeneric crossings between Brassica rapa and Raphanus sativus. Most B. rapa lines cannot set intergeneric hybrid seeds because of embryo breakdown, but a B. rapa line obtained from turnip cultivar 'Shogoin-kabu' is able to produce a large number of ...
Habenstein Birgit - - 2012
(13)C spin diluted protein samples can be produced using [1-(13)C] and [2-(13)C]-glucose (Glc) carbon sources in the bacterial growth medium. The (13)C spin dilution results in favorable (13)C spectral resolution and polarization transfer behavior. We recently reported the combined use of [1-(13)C]- and [2-(13)C]-Glc labeling to facilitate the structural analysis ...
Bagdas Deniz - - 2012
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a natural organic phenolic compound that is found in many plants, fruits and vegetables. CGA has beneficial bioactivities and strong therapeutic effects in inflammatory processes. CGA-rich fractions have analgesic activity but CGA has not been tested previously in neuropathic pain, which results from tissue damage, inflammation ...
Kamesh Venkatakrishnan - - 2012
To explore the effect of alcoholic extract of Bacopa monniera (AEBM) on high cholesterol diet-induced rats. The shade-dried and coarsely powdered whole plant material (Bacopa monniera) was extracted with 90% ethanol, finally filtered and dried in vacuum pump. The experimental rats were divided into 4 groups: control (group-I), Rats fed ...
Smidt Ami - - 2012
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a painful condition secondary to bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. It occurs at a much higher rate in patients receiving intravenous (IV) versus oral BP treatment. BPs are prescribed in the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis, multiple myeloma, cancer metastases and Paget disease. Patients' ...
Murayama Ayumi - - 2012
A 3-month-old boy was transferred to our hospital because of a cardiac tumor in the right heart, which had been prenatally diagnosed by fetal echocardiography. During the operation, the tumor was found on the Chiari's network in the right atrium. The tumor was excised and the ventricular septal defect was ...
Hyde Amanda L - - 2012
Accumulating research indicates that physical activity is motivated by automatic evaluations of physical activity. Little is known about the stability of automatic evaluations or how their dynamics impact physical activity. We tested the measurement invariance and stability of university students' (N = 164) automatic evaluations of physical activity. In addition, ...
Muniaraj M - - 2012
The vector mosquitoes of dengue and chikungunya fever, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus have adapted to feed on humans and undergo larval and pupal development in natural and artificial freshwater collections. Although several studies reported, still, much information is required to understand the successful survival of Aedes mosquitoes in small ...
Lanyon L E - - 2012
Does more mean better, different, or worse, asks Lance Lanyon.
Turecek J - - 2012
For reliable detection of explosives, a combination of methods integrated within a single measurement platform may increase detection performance. However, the efficient field testing of such measurement platforms requires the use of inexplosive simulants that are detectable by a wide range of methods. Physical parameters such as simulant density, elemental ...
Miyazaki Kensuke - - 2012
Chronic idiopathic colonic pseudo-obstruction (CICP) is characterized by the chronic disturbance of colonic motility without mechanical obstruction, any underlying disease or medication. Currently, there are no established medical treatments for CICP. A 62-year-old female who had undergone right hemicolectomy for splenic flexure syndrome caused by idiopathic megacolon was referred to ...
Cheah Nuan Ping - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Many electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are marketed as safer tobacco alternative products or effective cessation therapies. ENDS samples were evaluated for design features, including nicotine and glycols content. This could be useful in developing a legal framework to handle ENDS. METHODS: Identification of the nicotine, glycerol and propylene ...
Cheng Sammy C H - - 2012
PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to investigate the sonographic (US) appearances of submandibular glands in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after external beam radiotherapy (RT) and compare them with those of healthy subjects. METHODS.: A total of 81 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with RT and 66 healthy subjects were ...
Del Refugio Torres-Vitela M - - 2012
Coliform bacteria (CB), fecal coliforms (FC), Escherichia coli, diarrheagenic E. coli pathotypes (DEP) and Salmonella frequencies were determined for fresh carrot juice from restaurants in Pachuca city, Mexico. Two hundred and eighty carrot juice samples were purchased in three types of restaurants: (A), national chain restaurants; (B), local restaurants; and ...
Fallahi Homeira - - 2012
Unprotected sexual activity is an important reason for the currently growing incidence of HIV infection in Iran. Recognizing barriers to safe sexual practice and affordance of behavioral changes can improve planning for condom promotion. The main objective of our study is to evaluate the opinions of HIV-positive men on condom ...
Noonan Benjamin - - 2012
Both extreme heat and cold can be challenging for athletes during training and competition. One role of the team physician is to educate coaches and athletes on the risks of exposure to these conditions and how to best prevent and manage their adverse effects. Heat illness varies in degree from ...
Wang Jingyu - - 2012
Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors (SH-WFS) have little sensitivity in depth and hence are unsuitable for microscopy and are limited for retinal imaging. We demonstrate the first direct Shack-Hartmann measurement of wavefront originating from a multiple-layer target, in the presence of significant stray reflections that render a standard SH-WFS inoperable. A coherence-gate ...
Deng Yunpei - - 2012
We produce 1.5 cycle (10.5 fs), 1.2 mJ, 3 kHz carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm carrier wavelength, from a three-stage optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier system, pumped by an optically synchronized 1.6 ps Yb:YAG thin disk laser. A chirped periodically poled lithium niobate crystal is used to generate the ultrabroad spectrum needed for a 1.5 cycle ...
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