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Results 451 - 500 of 5706
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Someya Satoshi - - 2012
A combined velocity and temperature measurement method using a high-speed camera, a pulsed UV laser, and temperature-sensitive phosphor particles is proposed. The temperature was calculated from the phosphorescence lifetime, while the velocity was obtained from images of the phosphor particles during a single decay. This method was applied to in-cylinder ...
Tan Li - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in treatment of anovulation and infertility in women. Eight (8) databases were extensively retrieved. The Chinese electronic databases included VIP Information, CMCC, and CNKI. The English electronic databases included AMED, CINAHL, ...
Tormenti Matthew - - 2012
Object Heightened recognition of the prevalence and significance of head injury in sports and in combat veterans has brought increased attention to the physiological and behavioral consequences of concussion. Current clinical practice is in part dependent on patient self-report as the basis for medical decisions and treatment. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) shows ...
Marshall Cassondra - - 2012
Participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has been associated with lower rates of breastfeeding; studies have suggested this relationship may be modified by race. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between WIC participation and breastfeeding behaviors among white and ...
Guerra Anna - - 2012
The genetic alterations are responsible for the altered protein expression in tumors. The knowledge of the link between the altered protein expression and genetic alterations may provide potentially important biological and clinical information. In this study, the expression of some protein markers (Gal-3, p21Kip1, CK19) known to be associated to ...
Hong Jingbo - - 2012
The protein amide (1)H(N) chemical shift temperature coefficient can be determined with high accuracy by recording spectra at different temperatures, but the physical mechanism responsible for this temperature dependence is not well understood. In this work, we find that this coefficient strongly correlates with the temperature coefficient of the through-hydrogen-bond ...
Zaballos P - - 2012
Background  The dermoscopic morphology of apocrine hidrocystomas remains to be elucidated. Objective  To evaluate the morphological findings of apocrine hidrocystomas under dermoscopic observation. Methods  Dermoscopic examination of 22 cases of apocrine hidrocystomas was performed to evaluate specific dermoscopic criteria and patterns. Results  The most frequently occurring dermoscopic features were found ...
Sekiya Michiko - - 2012
The intestinal epithelial cells sit at the interface between a lumen and a lamina propria or lymph nodes such as Peyer's patches, where they play important roles in maintaining intestinal homeostasis through chemokine secretion. This study investigated the effect of Hochuekkito (TJ-41)-a traditional Japanese herbal (Kampo) formula used as a ...
Freemantle N - - 2012
AIM: To compare the effect of insulin degludec and insulin glargine on health-related quality of life in patients with Type 2 diabetes starting on insulin therapy. METHODS: Patient-level data from three open-label, randomized, treat-to-target trials of 26 or 52 weeks' duration were pooled using a weighted analysis in conjunction with a fixed-effects ...
Achenbach Thomas M - - 2012
To review international findings on the prevalence of diagnosed disorders, generalizability of dimensional scales, and distributions of dimensional scores for school-age children and to address the conceptual and clinical issues raised by the findings. A review of findings for interviews (Development and Well-Being Assessment, Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children) and ...
Fair Cynthia - - 2012
Abstract Individuals with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) are surviving into young adulthood. Previous literature has explored the sexual behavior of those with PHIV. However, their perspectives on navigating romantic relationships are not well understood. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 young adults living with PHIV recruited from two pediatric infectious disease ...
Han Bang-Xing - - 2012
To explore the effect of AIBL on Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate snail host of Schistosoma japonicum. The enzyme histochemical profiles of cholinesterase, cytochrome oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, nitric oxide synthase, and succinate dehydrogenase in the soft tissues of Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host snail of Schistosoma japonicum, were analyzed before and ...
Loomis Cynthia A CA The Office of Collaborative Science, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA. - - 2012
Accurately tracking core-contributed publications is an important and often difficult task. Many core laboratories are supported by programmatic grants (such as Cancer Center Support Grant and Clinical Translational Science Awards) or generate data with instruments funded through S10, Major Research Instrumentation, or other granting mechanisms. Core laboratories provide their research ...
Liu J - - 2012
We propose a technique for measuring infrared femtosecond pulses: transient-grating self-referenced spectral interferometry. Based on this technique, we built an extremely simple, alignment-free device and successfully characterized both 38 fs pulses at 800 nm and sub-two-cycle 10 fs pulses at 1.75 μm.
Shim Ruth S RS Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Dr., SW, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA. - - 2012
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) includes provisions to shift the U.S. health care system to address achieving wellness rather than just treating illness. In this Open Forum, the Prevention Committee of the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry describes opportunities created by the ACA for improving prevention of mental illnesses ...
van de Pol P K C - - 2012
This study examined whether (a) training and competition influence achievement goals, effort, enjoyment, tension, and performance; (b) achievement goals mediate the effects of training and competition on effort, enjoyment, tension, and performance; and (c) the context influences the relationships between goals and effort, enjoyment, tension, and performance. Participants (32 males, ...
Cardus Anna - - 2012
AIMS: Although endothelial cell senescence is known to play an important role in the development of cardiovascular pathologies, mechanisms that attenuate this process have not been extensively investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SIRT6, a member of the sirtuin family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases/ADP-ribosyltransferases, protects endothelial ...
Bhoopathi Vinodh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Utility of diagnostic adjuncts (DAs) in an adult population with a low oral and pharyngeal cancer (OPC) prevalence is unclear. In this study, we compare the effectiveness of DAs and clinicians' conventional oral examination (COE) in detecting oral and pharyngeal cancers (OPC), in high-risk (HR) users, low-risk (LR) and ...
Bücheler B M - - 2012
Quality of life is extraordinary affected by malignant tumors of the head and neck region as functions of social interaction are disturbed. The influence of surgical treatment and postoperative radio(chemo)therapy (RCT) on the quality of life was studied in patients with head and neck cancer. Twenty patients treated with curative ...
Strassle Paula P Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2012
We evaluated the prevalence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii environmental contamination before and after discharge cleaning in rooms of infected/colonized patients. 46.9% of rooms and 15.3% of sites were found contaminated precleaning, and 25% of rooms and 5.5% of sites were found contaminated postcleaning. Cleaning significantly decreased environmental contamination of A baumannii; ...
Niu Jiaxin - - 2012
A case report is presented of a patient diagnosed with esophageal adenocarcinoma with an extremely aggressive clinical course. Discordant expression of HER2 in longitudinally-collected biopsies was noted, with the original biopsy testing negative and a follow up biopsy testing positive. Upon retest of the original biopsy however, heterogeneity of HER2 ...
Sargsyan Armen - - 2012
N-type resonances excited in rubidium atoms confined in micrometric-thin cells with variable thickness from 1 μm to 2 mm are studied experimentally for the cases of a pure Rb atomic vapor and of a vapor with neon buffer gas. Good contrast and narrow linewidth were obtained for thicknesses as low as 30 μm. ...
Zhao Min - - 2012
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare malignant skin neoplasm with the potential for local recurrence, spreading to regional lymph nodes (LNs) and distant metastases. Although it has been identified in various anatomical sites, LN metastatic MCC in the absence of a primary site is extremely rare. The present case ...
Mayevsky Avraham - - 2012
Normal mitochondrial function in the process of metabolic energy production is a key factor in maintaining cellular activities. Many pathological conditions in animals, as well as in patients, are directly or indirectly related to dysfunction of the mitochondria. Monitoring the mitochondrial activity by measuring the autofluorescence of NADH has been ...
Park Seon-Joo - - 2012
This study investigated the anti-obesity effects of Jeju ground water containing the vanadium components S1 (8.0 ± 0.9 μg/l) and S3 (26.0 ± 2.09 μg/l) on the differentiation of 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes and obesity in mice that were fed a high-fat diet (HFD). The 3 T3-L1 preadipocyte cells were cultured and differentiated in media consisting of Jeju ground ...
Hoeck Sarah - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To explore the existence of socioeconomic differences in probability and intensity of general practitioner (GP) and specialist contacts among the Belgian elderly population, compared with the younger population. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional study based on 4,825 older (≥65) and 14,738 younger participants (<65) in the Belgian Health Interview ...
Masoumi Seyed Jalil - - 2012
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases encountered in today's clinic practice. GERD symptoms are troublesome and disruptive to the physical, social and emotional well-being of many patients. This is a cross-sectional study performed on Qashqai nomads of Fars Province in southern Iran to determine ...
Sauvage J-F - - 2012
Exoplanet direct imaging is a challenging goal of today's astronomical instrumentation. Several high-contrast imaging instruments dedicated to this task are currently being integrated; they are ultimately limited by the presence of quasi-static speckles in the imaging focal plane. These speckles originate in residual quasi-static optical aberrations, which must be measured ...
Shu Shiwei - - 2012
We report the numerical study of a selective thermal emitter based on a metallic multilayered structure consisting of a graded antireflection top layer, a middle layer with uniform porosity (i.e., volume fraction of voids), and a nonporous substrate layer. Simulation results show that the proposed emitters feature an emission edge ...
Furuya Onichi - - 2012
A Jehovah's Witness who requires thoracic and cardiovascular surgery represents a challenge to both the surgeon and the patient because of the patient's refusal to accept blood transfusion. We reported 15 cases of Jehovah's Witness patients from 43 to 80 years of age who underwent cardiac operations or thoracic vascular ...
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 198 in vol. 4.][This corrects the article on p. 70 in vol. 4, PMID: 22973472.].
Schmidl Doreen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of orally administered moxaverine (Kollateral forte®) on ocular blood flow in young healthy subjects. METHODS: Sixteen healthy subjects (eight male/eight female) aged between 20 and 32 years were included in this placebo-controlled, double-masked, two-way crossover study. Volunteers received 900 mg moxaverine-hydrochloride administered orally in three equal doses ...
Todo Yukiharu - - 2012
A consensus regarding the therapeutic role of lymphadenectomy in endometrial cancer has not been reached because of conflicting negative results of randomized controlled trials and positive results of a cohort study. Since the effects of new treatments tend to be overestimated in observational studies, positive results of an observational study ...
de la Haye Kayla - - 2012
Family-based physical activity (PA) interventions would benefit from research that identifies how to build support for PA among family members. This study examined the extent to which relationships of encouragement to do PA, and co-engagement in PA, exist among Mexican-American parents and children, and sought to identify individual, relational, and ...
Wilson P Chris - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects and potential recovery of the surrogate aquatic macrophyte Lemna minor exposed to the herbicide norflurazon for 10 days under controlled conditions. Decreases in frond production occurred as early as 2 days after treatment (DAT) at concentrations ≥250 μg/L. The observed no observable-adverse effects and lowest observable-adverse effects concentrations during ...
Bhowmik Ananya - - 2012
To assess early mortality and identify its predictors among the ART naive HIV-infected patients initiating anti retroviral therapy (ART) available free of cost at the ART Centres. A retrospective cohort analysis of routinely collected programme data was done for assessing mortality of all ART naive adult patients who received first-line ...
Micó Vicente - - 2012
Common-path phase-shifting lensless holographic microscopy has been recently proposed as a novel approach capable of high numerical aperture imaging in a lensless digital inline holographic microscopy layout [Opt. Lett.35, 3919 (2010)]. Here we present proof-of-concept validation for improving the resolution limit imposed by diffraction in such a setup. This is ...
de la Osa R Alcaraz - - 2012
The optical properties of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) can be described with analytical models based on fundamental quantum mechanical principles, of which the Drude model constitutes the classical limit. Here, we examine the plasmonic properties of silver and gold nanospheres and dimers, with radii ranging from 10 to 1 nm, extending from ...
Jacobs Elizabeth E Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, - - 2012
Schizophrenia and related disorders are often preceded by attenuated psychosis symptoms, sometimes referred to as attenuated psychosis syndrome, but little is known about practitioners' current practices with regard to this population. This survey of clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and general practitioners explored treatment as usual of attenuated psychosis syndrome. In 2008, ...
Dashnaw Matthew L - - 2012
There has been a growing interest in the diagnosis and management of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), or concussion. Repetitive concussion and subconcussion have been linked to a spectrum of neurological sequelae, including postconcussion syndrome, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia pugilistica. A more common risk than chronic ...
Ethan Danna - - 2012
With the rising rates of diabetes and obesity in New York City's poorest communities, efforts to assist low-income residents in spending money to promote nutritious food consumption have increased. The objective of this study was to assess the extent to which Bronx-based grocery stores offered nutritious foods on sale through ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2012
Panipenem/betamipron (PAPM/BP) may be highly effective for life-threatening Streptococcus pneumoniae infection. However, the efficacy of PAPM/BP for S. pneumoniae infections has not been compared with that of other antimicrobial agents. We retrospectively compared PAPM/BP with other carbapenems for treatment of life-threatening infections in newly hospitalized adults with pneumococcal bacteremia. Clinical ...
Gaudin Amélie C M - - 2012
Numerous transgenes have been reported to increase rice drought resistance, mostly in small-scale experiments under vegetative-stage drought stress, but few studies have included grain yield or field evaluations. Different definitions of drought resistance are currently in use for field-based and laboratory evaluations of transgenics, the former emphasizing plant responses that ...
Yoshimachi Fuminobu - - 2012
A 72-year-old male with effort angina pectoris and old myocardial infarction underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A 4 Fr sheath was inserted in the radial artery. After diagnostic angiography, a guidewire was inserted from the diagnostic catheter. The diagnostic catheter is removed, and the distal tip of the guidewire remains in ...
Wood Stephen P - - 2012
Contrast-induced nephropathy is an iatrogenic disease caused by the administration of iodinated contrast material to certain at-risk patients. The clinical features include renal failure, with oliguria, anuria, and electrolyte derangements. Contrast-induced nephropathy can prolong hospitalization, result in greater morbidity and mortality, and increase patients' costs. A variety of preventive and ...
Fitzgerald Gary - - 2012
Thoracic outlet syndrome is the result of compression or irritation of neurovascular bundles as they pass from the lower cervical spine into the arm, via the axilla. If the pectoralis minor muscle is involved the patient may present with chest pain, along with pain and paraesthesia into the arm. These ...
Denham Laura J - - 2012
In patients with colorectal carcinoma, studies have reported improved survival with increasing numbers of retrieved lymph nodes. These findings are puzzling, as increased node sampling was not correlated with significant change in disease staging. Although the physiologic processes underlying this correlation between number of lymph nodes sampled and survival remain ...
Xu Wei - - 2012
Excited by a 980 nm laser, upconversion emissions centered at 384 (Er<sup>3+</sup>:G4<sub>11/2</sub>→I4<sub>15/2</sub>) and 408 nm (Er<sup>3+</sup>:H2<sub>9/2</sub>→I4<sub>15/2</sub>) in Er<sup>3+</sup>/Yb<sup>3+</sup> codoped polycrystalline CaWO<sub>4</sub> were successfully obtained. The G<sub>11/2</sub>4 and H<sub>9/2</sub>2 states of Er<sup>3+</sup> were verified to be thermally coupled levels, which can emit the shortest wavelength emissions for optical thermometry known so far. Based ...
Eyo J E - - 2012
Urinary schistosomiasis is caused by the deposition of eggs by adult flukes in the blood vessels surrounding the bladder of the infected host. Schistosomiasis is ranked the second most important parasitic disease of man and undoubtedly the most important of helminth origin. This paper reports the prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium ...
Liu Tingting - - 2012
HSP40, also known as DnaJ, is one of the subfamilies of the heat shock protein family. DnaJ/Hsp40 proteins act as co-chaperones by binding to the chaperone Hsp70 through their J domain and stimulating ATP hydrolysis to aid protein translation, folding, unfolding, translocation and degradation. They are implicated in various human ...
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