Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 3797
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Jiang Zheng - - 2012
An efficient and straightforward strategy for the synthesis of tetrasubstituted imidazoles from propargyl amines, sulfonyl azides, and terminal alkynes is described. N-Sulfonyl ketenimine and aminoallene are believed to be the key intermediates for this two-step one-pot transformation.
Petrelli Fausto - - 2012
Malignant ascites is quite rare in breast cancer and is mainly associated with a lobular histology. To date, no studies have evaluated locoregional therapy for malignant ascites in breast cancer. The anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), trifunctional antibody catumaxomab was approved in the European Union for the intraperitoneal (i.p.) treatment ...
Barros Márcio Vinicius Lins - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although studies have demonstrated a high diagnostic accuracy of multi-detector Coronary CT (MDCT) in the detection of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), data on the prognostic value of this method are limited. OBJECTIVE: Determine the value of MDCT in predicting adverse clinical outcomes in patients with suspected CAD. METHODS: We ...
Hagiwara Eri - - 2012
Pneumothorax in patients with pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease is considered to be a rare complication, and little is known about its clinical course. In this study, we aimed to define the clinical features, outcome, and prevalence of pneumothorax in patients with pulmonary MAC disease. A retrospective review of ...
Kawamata Takakazu - - 2012
In transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for pituitary tumors, the use of endoscopes allows approach to the lateral sides in and around the cavernous sinus. However, this approach is often associated with a risk of cranial nerve dysfunction causing impaired extraocular movement. We employed a novel, simple, and real-time monitoring system using ...
Wang Peng - - 2012
Summary Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is known to protect boar sperm during freezing-thawing, but little information is known about the effects of LDL extracted from different avian egg yolks on post-thaw boar semen quality. The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the effects of LDL at various concentrations ...
Suka Machi - - 2012
Objective: To describe the 10-year changes in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese workers. Methods: Annual health examination data between 2001 and 2011 were collected from the Tokyo Health Service Association. The data covers an average 119,956 (73,842 male and 46,114 female) workers at 1,159 worksites each year. ...
Hellerstedt Wl - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of maternal and infant complications with postpartum hospitalisation for psychosis in women with a pre-conception history of psychiatric hospitalisation. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: Swedish medical birth register. POPULATION: Primiparous women who gave birth between 1 January 1987 and 31 December 2001, and who had a pre-conception history of psychiatric ...
Herranz Marta - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to investigate the relative bioavailability between the generic tacrolimus products that are presently authorized in Spain by adjusted indirect comparison. This was based on demonstration of bioequivalence with the reference product (Prograf, Astellas Pharma), which makes these generic tacrolimus products prescribable, switchable and ...
Walton Colleen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations among diet quality and dairy group membership, membership duration and non-member status for women and school-aged children in rural Kenya. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey, using chain referral sampling, was conducted and diet quality indices and prevalence of inadequate intake (PII) were estimated using the 'estimated average ...
Vanderburg Charles R - - 2012
Skeletal muscle contains various myofiber types closely associated with satellite stem cells, vasculature, and neurons, thus making it difficult to perform genetic or proteomic expression analysis with sufficient cellular specificity to resolve differences at the individual cell or myofiber type level. Here, we describe the combination of a simple histochemical ...
Goto Takaaki M - - 2012
Remodeling of the matrix surrounding tumor cells plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of cancer. Lysyl oxidase (LOX), a matrix remodeling factor, is induced by HIF-1α under hypoxic conditions and associated with tumor growth and metastasis. Here, we report that high cell density induces HIF-1α expression under ...
Malhotra Angad - - 2012
The increased concentration of platelets within platelet-rich plasma (PRP) provides a vehicle to deliver supra-physiologic concentrations of growth factors to an injury site, possibly accelerating or otherwise improving connective tissue regeneration. This potential benefit has led to the application of PRP in several applications; however, inconsistent results have limited widespread ...
Mendes Olga Castro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physical stress tolerance (ST) is a measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness. Aerobic capacity is reduced in heart failure (HF) although there is no data available on this parameter in animals with ventricular dysfunction and no signs of HF. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate ST in rats with ventricular diastolic dysfunction isolated or associated ...
Imrie John - - 2012
Research into HIV and men who have sex with men's (MSM) health in South Africa has been largely confined to the metropolitan centres. Only two studies were located making reference to MSM in rural contexts or same-sex behaviors among men in the same. There is growing recognition in South Africa ...
Warner Daniel A - - 2012
Orientation and dispersal to suitable habitat affects fitness in many animals, but the factors that govern these behaviors are poorly understood. In many turtle species, hatchlings must orient and disperse to suitable aquatic habitat immediately after emergence from subterranean nests. Thus, the location of nest sites relative to aquatic habitats ...
Kilpatrick Brenden - - 2012
A methodology for the efficient conversion of aromatic sulfonamides into their mono-nitro derivatives using tert-butyl nitrite is reported. The reaction exhibits a high degree of chemoselectivity for sulfonamide functionalized aryl systems, even in the presence of other sensitive or potentially reactive functionalities.
Sekar Sudharshan - - 2012
The metabolic effectiveness of choline lactate in the growth media was investigated relative to conventional carbon source for growing Staphylococcus lentus, a bacterial strain commonly used in bioremediation of industrial effluents and xenobiotic detoxification. Bacterial growth thermodynamics was determined by biocalorimetry. (13)C NMR and FTIR spectroscopic analyses traced the consumption ...
Langstraat Carrie - - 2012
OPINION STATEMENT: Elderly patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer present a complex treatment dilemma. On the one hand, patients can be treated with primary debulking surgery to achieve the ideal oncologic outcomes but at the expense of risk of surgical morbidity and mortality. On the other hand, they can be ...
Oswald Lynn M - - 2012
Scientists have known for decades that persons who volunteer for behavioral research may be different from those who decline participation and that characteristics differentiating volunteers from non-volunteers may vary depending on the nature of the research. There is evidence that volunteer self-selection can impact representativeness of samples in studies involving ...
Meklat Atika - - 2012
A novel halophilic actinomycete, strain H32(T), was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected in El-Oued province, south Algeria. The isolate was characterized by means of polyphasic taxonomy. Optimal growth was determined to occur at 28-32 °C, pH 6.0-7.0 and in the presence of 15-25 % (w/v) NaCl. The strain was observed ...
Pham Minh Nguyet - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We investigated the adipokines adiponectin, leptin and resistin as serum biomarkers of beta-cell function in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: 118 patients with type 1 diabetes (20.3 ± 7.5 years) diagnosed <5 years underwent standardized mixed meal test (MMTT) for 2 hours. Systemic concentrations of C-peptide, adiponectin, leptin, and resistin obtained during MMTT ...
Weymann Alexander - - 2012
A 63-year-old male patient with subaortic stenosis (Pmax 105 mmHg, Pmean 55 mmHg) and an aneurysm of the ascending aorta was referred to our hospital due to progressive angina pectoris. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated high and turbulent subaortic flow velocities. A calcified subaortic membrane was identified. The membrane was removed and ...
Tang Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Convergent studies provide support for abnormalities in the structure and functioning of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the amygdala, the key components of the neural system that subserves emotional processing in major depressive disorder (MDD). We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine potential amygdala-PFC functional connectivity ...
Duan Tran Hoa - - 2012
Bacterial cultures were enriched from sediments in Germany and Vietnam reductively dechlorinating hexachlorobenzene and the highly persistent 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene to monochlorobenzene. The main products of the reductive dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene were monochlorobenzene and dichlorobenzenes (1,2-; 1,3- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene) while no trichlorobenzenes accumulated. For the reductive dechlorination of 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene with the mixed ...
Zádori Dénes - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a considerable socioeconomic burden. The pathomechanism of PD clearly involves the synergistic interaction of dopaminergic and glutamatergic dysfunctioning, including maladaptive corticostriatal synaptoplasticity. Most of the available treatment options have the aim of restoration of the physiological dopaminergic activity. Currently, the ...
Gupta Punkaj - - 2012
The study aimed primarily to evaluate the efficacy of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and to identify possible predictors for success of NIV therapy in preventing extubation failure in critically ill children with heart disease. The secondary objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of prophylactic NIV therapy initiated immediately ...
Saccà Francesco - - 2012
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is caused by a GAA expansion in the first intron of the FXN gene, which encodes frataxin. Four percent of patients harbor a point mutation on one allele and a GAA expansion on the other. We studied an Italian patient presenting with symptoms suggestive of FRDA, and ...
Hoffman Steven - - 2012
PURPOSE: The Pediatric Quality of Life assessment (PedsQL™) is the most widely used measure for assessing adolescent health-related quality of life (HRQoL). While youth in residential treatment facilities face many physical and mental health, behavioral, education, and familial challenges that could impact their HRQoL, no research has sought to assess ...
Schmittner Marc D - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomised clinical trial was to determine whether spinal anaesthesia (SPA) is superior to total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) in patients undergoing pilonidal sinus (PS) operations in the prone position. METHODS: After approval of the local ethics committee, suitable patients aged 19-49 years were randomised to SPA (7.5 mg ...
Miller Alison L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Nearly one in five 4-year-old children in the United States are obese, with low-income children almost twice as likely to be obese as their middle/upper-income peers. Few obesity prevention programs for low-income preschoolers and their parents have been rigorously tested, and effects are modest. We are testing a ...
Guaraldi Federica - - 2012
Biomedical literature has enormously grown in the last decades and become broadly available through online databases. Ad-hoc search methods, created on the basis of research field and goals, are required to enhance the quality of searching. Aim of this study was to formulate efficient, evidence-based PubMed search strategies to retrieve ...
Srinivasan Sathiyaraj - - 2012
A Gram-negative, aerobic, short-rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium designated Rs7(T), was isolated from peat soil collected from Russia and was characterized to determine its taxonomic position. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the strain Rs7(T) belongs to the class Betaproteobacteria. The highest degree of sequence similarities were determined to be with ...
Kimura Satoshi - - 2012
We report a successfully treated case of rapid progressive left ventricular (LV) thrombus with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Initially, the patient was scheduled to undergo only coronary artery bypass grafting. After two months, preoperative echocardiography revealed a previously undetected ball-like thrombus in the LV cavity. Surgical revascularization and thrombectomy were performed. No ...
Crida A - - 2012
When a planetary tidal disk--like Saturn's rings--spreads beyond the Roche radius (inside which planetary tides prevent aggregation), satellites form and migrate away. Here, we show that most regular satellites in the solar system probably formed in this way. According to our analytical model, when the spreading is slow, a retinue ...
Nkomazana Njabulo - - 2012
Summary Young people, especially university students, are at high risk of HIV infections because of little or no parental or administrative prohibitions in campus environments. The aim of this study was to ascertain the level of condom use among university students in Zimbabwe; that is, condom use at last sex ...
Gauthier A - - 2012
This article describes the adaptation of a model assessing the incidence of osteoporotic fractures and prevalence of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) in Germany. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to estimate the epidemiological burden of PMO in Germany from 2010 to 2020. METHODS: For each year of the study, the ...
Matsuoka Hiroaki - - 2012
Our objective was simply to report a sedge species, Carex kobomugi Ohwi that has beneficial bacterial associations under low Fe and P conditions of the Hasaki coast, Japan. C. kobomugi is the dominant species in our study area and grows closest to the sea. C. kobomugi showed higher Fe and P content, ...
Palanikumar L - - 2012
The feeding rate, growth rate and gross conversion efficiency were studied in milkfish Chanos chanos for 28 days of exposure to sub-lethal concentrations of anthracene (1.00, 2.00, 3.00, 6.00 and 12.0 μg l(-1)) and benzo [a] pyrene (0.30, 0.70, 1.40, 2.80 and 5.60 μg l(-1)) under continuous flow through bioassays. Based on survival and ...
Yagisawa Fumi - - 2012
The Golgi body has important roles in modifying, sorting, and transport of proteins and lipids. Eukaryotic cells have evolved in various ways to inherit the Golgi body from mother to daughter cells, which allows the cells to function properly immediately after mitosis. Here we used Cyanidioschyzon merolae, one of the ...
Nicchia Grazia P - - 2012
Prohibiting angiogenesis is an important therapeutic approach for fighting cancer and other angiogenic related diseases. Research focused on proteins that regulate abnormal angiogenesis has attracted intense interest in both academia and industry. Such proteins are able to target several angiogenic factors concurrently, thereby increasing the possibility of therapeutic success. Aquaporin-1 ...
Gioda Carolina Rosa - - 2012
In this study, we investigated zinc and copper effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC. 3.1.1.7) activity and metal accumulation in tissues of native fish Leporinus obtusidens (piava). Fish were exposed to 10 and 20 % of the LC(50) that corresponded at 2.28 and 4.57 mg/L (zinc) and 0.018 and 0.038 mg/L (copper) for 30 ...
Rodriguez Fátima - - 2012
Prior work has shown significant geographic variation in cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including metabolic syndrome, obesity, and hypercholesterolemia. However, little is known about how variations in CV risk impact cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related hospitalizations. Community-level CV risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and elevated waist circumference) were assessed from community-wide health screenings ...
Jansen Hendrik - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcome and gait analysis findings by dynamic pedobarography in patients following surgically treated single, closed, dislocated intra-articular calcaneal fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center study with 26 patients. The average follow-up period was 34 months (range 18-61 months). We used the Zwipp score and a score based on a ...
Adachi Hiroyuki - - 2012
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is the most common congenital overgrowth syndrome involving tumor predisposition. BWS is caused by various epigenetic or genetic alterations that disrupt the imprinted genes on chromosome 11p15.5 and the clinical findings of BWS are highly variable. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is reported in about half of all babies with ...
Ordóñez Nelson G - - 2012
Distinguishing between peritoneal epithelioid mesotheliomas and papillary serous carcinomas involving the peritoneum can be difficult on routine histological preparations, but this differential diagnosis can be facilitated by the use of immunohistochemistry. Recent investigations have indicated that PAX8, PAX2, claudin-4, and h-caldesmon are immunohistochemical markers that can assist in distinguishing between ...
Souza Samir Khal - - 2012
We reported previously that intrauterine asphyxia acutely affects the rat hippocampus. For this reason, the early effects of this injury were studied in the cerebral cortex, immediately after hysterectomy (acute condition) or following a recovery period at normoxia (recovery condition). Lactacidemia and glycemia were determined, as well as glycogen levels ...
Direkvand-Moghadam A - - 2012
Introduction: Several risk factors have been used to predict preeclampsia. The role of some risk factors as predictors associated with preeclampsia among Iranian women was analyzed in the present study using logistic regression. Materials and Methods: 610 women attending the obstetric ward of Mustafa hospital in Ilam were enrolled in ...
Hur Yoon-Mi - - 2012
The South Korean Twin Registry (SKTR) is an ongoing nation-wide volunteer registry of South Korean twins and their families, which was established in the year 2001 to understand genetic and environmental etiologies of psychological and physical traits among South Koreans. Recently, the SKTR sampling has been extended in two important ...
Hardcastle Timothy Craig - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the leading prehospital disease profiles in South Africa in general and in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) in particular. The present study was designed to review the prehospital burden of injury in KZN, identify trauma burden to ambulance ratios, analyze system deficiencies, and propose a prehospital trauma system ...
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