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Results 351 - 400 of 3799
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Rubert M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TiO(2) scaffold (SC) coated with an alginate hydrogel containing a proline-rich peptide (P2) on osteoblast proliferation and differentiation in vitro. Peptide release was evaluated and a burst release was observed during the first hours of incubation, and then progressively ...
Wu Han-Meng - - 2012
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Taiwan and to compare the clinical courses of pediatric patients with macrolide-resistant (MR) M. pneumoniae and macrolide-susceptible (MS) M. pneumoniae infection. Patients were among the children admitted to Chang Gung Children's Hospital with mycoplasmal pneumonia ...
von der Heyden B P - - 2012
Iron is a limiting nutrient in many parts of the oceans, including the unproductive regions of the Southern Ocean. Although the dominant fraction of the marine iron pool occurs in the form of solid-phase particles, its chemical speciation and mineralogy are challenging to characterize on a regional scale. We describe ...
Murray Jane S - - 2012
In a continuing effort to further explore the use of the average local ionization energy [Formula: see text] as a computational tool, we have investigated how well [Formula: see text] computed on molecular surfaces serves as a predictive tool for identifying the sites of the more reactive electrons in several ...
Zhou Qi Tony QT Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC, 3052, Australia. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of particle surface coating with magnesium stearate on the aerosolization of dry powder inhaler formulations. Micronized salbutamol sulphate as a model drug was dry coated with magnesium stearate using a mechanofusion technique. The coating quality was characterized by X-ray photoelectron ...
Taguchi Eiji - - 2012
We describe a 41-year-old woman who presented with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Emergent percutaneous intervention was performed with aspiration thrombectomy followed by coronary artery stenting. White material was extracted from the aspiration catheter. Reperfusion therapy after stenting was successful. After undergoing a cardiac rehabilitation program, she was discharged from ...
De Giacomo A - - 2012
Although the first nanoseconds to microseconds rule the resulting process yield of laser ablation in liquid, a comprehensive view involving combination of time-resolved measurement techniques is still lacking. In this paper, fundamental aspects of laser ablation of metals in water during the production of nanoparticles are discussed. Three fast diagnostic ...
Zhang Lijuan - - 2012
We report a novel approach for preparation of networked gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using reactive oxygen species (i.e., peroxymonocarbonate, HCO(4)(-)) as a novel reducing agent, along with nonionic fluorosurfactant (FSN) assistance. The formation mechanism of the networked AuNPs is demonstrated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), UV-visible ...
Zhao G H - - 2012
In the present study, the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of Oesophagostomum asperum and O. columbianum were amplified and sequenced. The ITS-1, 5.8S and ITS-2 rDNA sequences of O. asperum were 374 bp, 153 bp and 259 bp in length, respectively, and the corresponding sequences of O. columbianum were 259, ...
Bahi Amine - - 2012
Stress exposure is known to be a risk factor for alcohol use and anxiety disorders. Comorbid chronic stress and alcohol dependence may lead to a complicated and potentially severe treatment profile. To gain an understanding of the interaction between chronic psychosocial stress and drug exposure, we studied the effects of ...
Quattrocchi Carlo Cosimo - - 2012
A high metabolic demand, rich vascularization and high concentrations of ionic elements leading to the generation of oxygen free radicals, give to the deep grey matter (DGM) nuclei specific susceptibility to both acute and chronic insults, especially in paediatric patients. Reaching a diagnosis in the early stages of acute diseases ...
Guo Li - - 2012
Dysregulation in the expression of miRNAs contributes to the occurrence and development of many human cancers. We herein attempted to obtain the potential association between miRNA expression profile and breast cancer by applying high-throughput sequencing technology. Small RNAs from seven paired tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples were sequenced. To ...
Nakamura Hiroshige - - 2012
We performed robotic bronchoplastic upper lobectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the right hilum of the lung. The patient was a 56-year-old male and surgery was performed using 3 robotic arms and 1 assistance. Deeply wide wedge resection and interrupted suture were applied to the bronchus of the upper lobe. ...
van Wilgen C Paul - - 2012
The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) is the most frequently used questionnaire in patients with fibromyalgia in the last 20 years. Recently, a revised version of the FIQ has been published. In this study, we examined the factor structure of the original version using explorative and confirmative factor analyses in a representative ...
Berge Jerica M - - 2012
To examine the unique and additive associations of family functioning and parenting practices with adolescent disordered eating behaviors (i.e., dieting, unhealthy weight control behaviors, binge eating). Data from EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens) 2010, a population-based study assessing eating and activity among racially/ethnically and socio-economically diverse adolescents (n = 2,793; mean ...
Felmlee Melanie A MA Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214, - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to evaluate mechanistic pharmacokinetic models describing active renal secretion and reabsorption over a range of Michaelis-Menten parameter estimates and doses. Plasma concentration and urinary excretion profiles were simulated and renal clearance (CL(r)) was calculated for two pharmacokinetic models describing active renal reabsorption (R1/R2), ...
Sgarlata Carmelo - - 2012
The reaction of protonation of 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol (TRIS) is a suitable one for the calibration of isothermal titration calorimeter (ITC), providing that experimental conditions are appropriately chosen. The conditions and methods for handling experimental data from a nanowatt-ITC are discussed. Also, the binding of Ba(2+) to 18-Crown-6 is successfully used to ...
Dong Qian - - 2012
Imatinib mesylate (IM), a widely prescribed powerful tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been associated with increased risk of heart failure and is known to induce cell apoptosis and death in isolated cardiomyocytes. In addition to acquired long QT syndrome, pharmacological inhibition of human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG) channel has been reported to ...
Paley Michael A MA Department of Microbiology and Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
Chronic infections strain the regenerative capacity of antiviral T lymphocyte populations, leading to failure in long-term immunity. The cellular and molecular events controlling this regenerative capacity, however, are unknown. We found that two distinct states of virus-specific CD8(+) T cells exist in chronically infected mice and humans. Differential expression of ...
Tschampa Henriette J - - 2012
Stroke-like lesions (SLL) are common radiological findings in patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (SLE; MELAS) harboring the m.3243A>G MTTL1 mutation. Imaging patterns in the m.3243A>G mutation carriers with encephalopathies lacking SLE have not been systematically examined to date. The aim of this study was to ...
Müller Thomas - - 2012
The objective of this study is to demonstrate that application of rasagiline instead of selegiline with concomitant determination of L-amphetamine and L-methamphetamine in plasma is safe and well tolerated and influences sleep, mood, and motor behavior in patients with Parkinson's disease on a stable drug therapy. 30 patients, who took ...
Böttcher-Haberzeth Sophie - - 2012
PURPOSE: Autologous skin substitutes to cover large skin defects are used since several years. Melanocytes, although essential for solar protection and pigmentation of skin, are not yet systematically added to such substitutes. In this experimental study, we reconstructed melanocyte-containing dermo-epidermal skin substitutes from donor skins of different skin pigmentation types ...
Kim Ki-Hun - - 2012
Background: Prompt diagnosis and management of atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATAs) during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is still challenging. Methods and Results: In 88 patients undergoing catheter ablation of AF, 128 regular ATAs were induced or converted from AF. The coronary sinus activation time (CSAT) around the mitral annulus (MA) was measured ...
Koyama Sachi - - 2012
A 69-yrs-old woman with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the opposite sinus of Valsalva (ACAOS) was diagnosed as having infective endocarditis affecting the aortic valve. Transthoracic echocardiography showed severe aortic stenosis and vegetations on the cusp of the aortic valve, which necessitated aortic valve replacement. Before the ...
Bandini Marco - - 2012
Enantioselective gold-catalysis is emerging as a powerful tool in organic synthesis for the stereoselective manipulation of unfunctionalized unsaturated hydrocarbons. Despite the exponential growth, the molecular complexity of common chiral gold complexes generally prevents a complete description of the mechanism steps and activation modes being documented. In this study, we present ...
Ponz de Leon Maurizio - - 2012
In rare cases the diagnosis of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) may not be simple or straightforward. We describe the case of a 54-year man in whom endoscopic and histological features of FAP led to proctocolectomy with ileoanal anastomosis. At anatomical examination, air-filled cystic formations in the submucosa and subserosa of ...
Drzymała-Czyż Sławomira - - 2012
The procedure of restorative proctocolectomy is associated with a complete removal of the colon and slight reduction of ileum length, which together can lead to systemic shortages of trace elements. Inflammatory changes in the pouch mucosa may also have some impact. However, there is no data on trace elements in ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by members of the family Picornaviridae in the genus Enterovirus. It has been reported that coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) infections are emerging as a new and major cause of epidemic HFMD. Sporadic HFMD cases positive for CVA6 were detected in the ...
Sakon Masato - - 2012
Survival or disease-free survival is not considered an appropriate surrogate outcome for the locoregional curability (i.e. surgical margin) of hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma because these are greatly influenced by non-metastatic factors like multicentric carcinogenesis (MC) or liver function. Hepatocellular carcinoma metastasizes by hematogenous seeding; therefore, the tumor blood flow (TBF) ...
Ozkul M Haluk - - 2012
Nasal skin quality is an essential indicator of rhinoplasty outcomes. The objective of this study was to collect data on the nasal skin thickness of randomly selected Turkish men and women. The study involved 50 male and 50 female subjects. We measured the nasal dorsal skin thickness by pinching the ...
Mathur Saloni - - 2012
The genomic sequence of an isolate of Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV), collected from the state of Punjab (Pb), a non-endemic tungro region from North-Western India was determined. In silico comparison of the 7931-bp sequence with isolates from Southeast Asia and the three previously characterized Indian isolates, revealed not only ...
Junod Perron Noelle - - 2012
Teaching communication skills (CS) to residents during clinical practice remains problematic. Direct observation followed by feedback is a powerful way to teach CS in clinical practice. However, little is known about the effect of training on feedback skills in this field. Controlled studies are scarce as well as studies that ...
Fonnesbeck Christopher J - - 2012
Though the control of blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels is essential for minimizing impairment in individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU), the empirical basis for the selection of specific blood Phe levels as targets has not been evaluated. We evaluated the current evidence that particular Phe levels are optimal for minimizing or avoiding ...
Pearson Natalie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether home availability of energy-dense snack foods mediates the association between television (TV) viewing and energy-dense snack consumption among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Secondary schools in Victoria, Australia. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n 2984) from Years 7 and 9 of secondary school completed a web-based survey, between September 2004 ...
Marazziti Donatella - - 2012
Jealousy is a complex emotion characterized by the perception of a threat of loss of something that the person values, particularly in reference to a relationship with a loved one, which includes affective, cognitive, and behavioral components. Neural systems and cognitive processes underlying jealousy are relatively unclear, and only a ...
You Hua - - 2012
Female condom is an effective means of HIV prevention. Monogamous female sexually transmitted infection (STI) patients are exposed indirectly to high risk of contracting HIV/STI via their sole male sex partners. There are few interventions to protect such women whilst female condom use is a potential means of self-protection. With ...
Gaut Joseph P - - 2012
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a form of renal cancer that may be confused with other eosinophilic renal tumors, including oncocytoma, type 2 papillary RCC, and clear-cell RCC with eosinophilic features. There are currently no robust markers to distinguish these neoplasms. Chromophobe RCC and renal oncocytoma are presumably derived ...
Macnamara Aine - - 2012
Abstract The ability to successfully develop to the highest levels in sport is dependent on a range of variables, not least an individual's ability to cope with the various challenges of development. Psychological Characteristics of Developing Excellence (PCDEs) include both the trait characteristics and the state-deployed skills that have been ...
Conteduca G - - 2012
Alopecia areata (AA), an autoimmune disease affecting anagen stage hair follicles, is associated with polymorphisms in immune-related genes and with decreased number of CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells (Treg). Treg function is modulated by the forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) transcription factor and by inducible costimulator (ICOS), through interaction with ...
Faust Dagmar - - 2012
Although the tumor-promoting effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and related compounds in liver tissue are primarily attributed to the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Liver progenitor (oval) cells have been suggested to constitute a potential target for hepatocarcinogenic ...
Jaryan Vikrant - - 2012
Recognizing the array of effects that invasive alien species have, documenting their status from biodiversity rich regions has been much emphasized. Lack of such studies is a major limitation that hampers proper management of alien species. The present paper, therefore, documents the alien flora of the Indian Himalayan state of ...
Imao T T Department of Medical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Konoe, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2013
Two major apoptosis pathways, the mitochondrial and death receptor pathways, are well recognized. Here we established cell lines from the fetal thymus of Apaf-1-, Caspase-9-, or Bax/Bak-deficient mice. These cell lines were resistant to apoptosis induced by DNA-damaging agents, RNA or protein synthesis inhibitors, or stress in the endoplasmic reticulum. ...
Vidal Pablo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been gaining acceptance because it has shown good short- and mid-term results as a single procedure for morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to compare short- and mid-term results between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and LSG. METHODS: Observational retrospective study from ...
Jost Wolfgang H - - 2012
Bladder dysfunctions are quite common in Parkinson's disease. They may occur at any stage of the illness and get worse with advancing and aggravating disease. The most prominent dysfunction is the so-called overactive bladder. Control of bladder function is part of a highly complex system subject to the interaction of ...
Dani Carlo - - 2013
Inhaled Nitric oxide (iNO) has been proposed as effective treatment for improving oxygenation in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and for preventing the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This drug evaluation mainly reviews the results of clinical studies on the effects of iNO in preterm infants with RDS ...
Hisatomi Kazuki - - 2012
Right heart thrombus represents a mobilized deep venous thrombosis that is lodged temporarily in the right atrium and ventricle, and is often referred to as "emboli in transit. " Floating right heart thrombus is an uncommon but life-threatening condition, and usually coexists with an already massive pulmonary embolism. The presence ...
Lassen U U Department of Oncology 5072, The Finsen Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2013
To investigate any effect of a CYP3A4 inhibitor (ketoconazole) or inducer (rifampicin) on cediranib steady-state pharmacokinetics in patients with advanced solid tumours. In two Phase I, open-label trials, patients received once-daily oral doses of cediranib alone [20 mg (ketoconazole study); 45 mg (rifampicin study)] for 7 days followed by cediranib ...
Wang Peng - - 2012
Summary Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is known to protect boar sperm during freezing-thawing, but little information is known about the effects of LDL extracted from different avian egg yolks on post-thaw boar semen quality. The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the effects of LDL at various concentrations ...
Suka Machi - - 2012
Objective: To describe the 10-year changes in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese workers. Methods: Annual health examination data between 2001 and 2011 were collected from the Tokyo Health Service Association. The data covers an average 119,956 (73,842 male and 46,114 female) workers at 1,159 worksites each year. ...
Hellerstedt W L WL Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2013
To examine the associations of maternal and infant complications with postpartum hospitalisation for psychosis in women with a pre-conception history of psychiatric hospitalisation. Population-based study. Swedish medical birth register. Primiparous women who gave birth between 1 January 1987 and 31 December 2001, and who had a pre-conception history of psychiatric hospitalisation but who were ...
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