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Francis Sheeja V - - 2012
Thermography is a non-invasive imaging modality that represents surface temperature variations of the skin in the form of images called thermograms. The surface temperature around the area of cancerous cells is slightly higher than normal tissues and this area is seen as hot spots on thermograms. In normal breast thermograms, ...
Mamun Abdullah A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine whether changes in maternal overweight and obesity from pre-pregnancy to two decades postpartum predict the body mass index (BMI) of adult offspring. METHODS: We used a subsample of 1997 mother-offspring pairs from the 7,223 original cohorts of women who gave birth in Brisbane, Australia, between 1981 and ...
Khare Vatsala - - 2012
The attentional blink task involves rapid serial presentation of visual stimuli, two of which the participants have to report. The usual finding is that participants are impaired at reporting the second target if it appears in close temporal proximity to the first target. Previous research has shown that the effect ...
Petrovic-Poljak Ana - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Family involvement in long-term care (LTC) is important but it can prove challenging and result in conflict with staff if families do not feel connected to the LTC facility or if they believe that their contributions are undervalued. According to McMillan & Chavis (1986), sense of community (SOC) ...
Pavlickova H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although depression and mania are often assumed to be polar opposites, studies have shown that, in patients with bipolar disorder, they are weakly positively correlated and vary somewhat independently over time. Thus, when investigating relationships between specific psychological processes and specific symptoms (mania and depression), co-morbidity between the symptoms ...
Dobarro Marta - - 2012
Chronic exposure to glucocorticoids might result not only in insulin resistance or cognitive deficits, but it is also considered as a risk factor for pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease. Propranolol is a β-adrenergic antagonist commonly used in the treatment of hypertension or acute anxiety. The effects of propranolol (5 mg/kg) have ...
Debs Rabab - - 2012
Krabbe disease usually presents as a severe leukodystrophy in early infancy and childhood. From a series of 11 patients and 30 cases previously reported in the literature we describe the clinical, radiological, electrophysiological and genetic features of adult Krabbe disease. Patients diagnosed after the age of 16 years were included in ...
Xiao Jinsong - - 2012
Objective: To systematically evaluate the effectiveness of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist on in vitro fertilisation (IVF) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Nine types of databases were searched by computer, and nine types of relevant journals were searched manually. Randomized, controlled trials of the effects of the ...
Alves Claudia Cristina - - 2012
Malnutrition is associated with the delay or failure of healing. We assessed the effect of experimental malnutrition and early enteral feeding with standard diet or diet supplemented with arginine and antioxidants on the levels of mRNAs encoding growth factors in acute open wound healing. Standardised cutaneous dorsal wounds and gastrostomies ...
Wang Li-Jun - - 2012
The apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene is an important component of plasma lipoprotein, and Fas apoptosis inhibitory molecule (FAIM) is a novel anti-apoptotic gene. In this study, we researched and discussed seven genes in eight different tissues in Qinchuan cattle by quantitative Real-time PCR. The result of analysis showed that ApoE ...
Rubert M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TiO(2) scaffold (SC) coated with an alginate hydrogel containing a proline-rich peptide (P2) on osteoblast proliferation and differentiation in vitro. Peptide release was evaluated and a burst release was observed during the first hours of incubation, and then progressively ...
Wu Han-Meng - - 2012
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Taiwan and to compare the clinical courses of pediatric patients with macrolide-resistant (MR) M. pneumoniae and macrolide-susceptible (MS) M. pneumoniae infection. Patients were among the children admitted to Chang Gung Children's Hospital with mycoplasmal pneumonia ...
Drzymała-Czyż Sławomira - - 2012
The procedure of restorative proctocolectomy is associated with a complete removal of the colon and slight reduction of ileum length, which together can lead to systemic shortages of trace elements. Inflammatory changes in the pouch mucosa may also have some impact. However, there is no data on trace elements in ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by members of the family Picornaviridae in the genus Enterovirus. It has been reported that coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) infections are emerging as a new and major cause of epidemic HFMD. Sporadic HFMD cases positive for CVA6 were detected in the ...
Sakon Masato - - 2012
Survival or disease-free survival is not considered an appropriate surrogate outcome for the locoregional curability (i.e. surgical margin) of hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma because these are greatly influenced by non-metastatic factors like multicentric carcinogenesis (MC) or liver function. Hepatocellular carcinoma metastasizes by hematogenous seeding; therefore, the tumor blood flow (TBF) ...
Ozkul M Haluk - - 2012
Nasal skin quality is an essential indicator of rhinoplasty outcomes. The objective of this study was to collect data on the nasal skin thickness of randomly selected Turkish men and women. The study involved 50 male and 50 female subjects. We measured the nasal dorsal skin thickness by pinching the ...
Mathur Saloni - - 2012
The genomic sequence of an isolate of Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV), collected from the state of Punjab (Pb), a non-endemic tungro region from North-Western India was determined. In silico comparison of the 7931-bp sequence with isolates from Southeast Asia and the three previously characterized Indian isolates, revealed not only ...
Junod Perron Noelle - - 2012
Teaching communication skills (CS) to residents during clinical practice remains problematic. Direct observation followed by feedback is a powerful way to teach CS in clinical practice. However, little is known about the effect of training on feedback skills in this field. Controlled studies are scarce as well as studies that ...
Fonnesbeck Christopher J - - 2012
Though the control of blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels is essential for minimizing impairment in individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU), the empirical basis for the selection of specific blood Phe levels as targets has not been evaluated. We evaluated the current evidence that particular Phe levels are optimal for minimizing or avoiding ...
Pearson Natalie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether home availability of energy-dense snack foods mediates the association between television (TV) viewing and energy-dense snack consumption among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Secondary schools in Victoria, Australia. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n 2984) from Years 7 and 9 of secondary school completed a web-based survey, between September 2004 ...
Marazziti Donatella - - 2012
Jealousy is a complex emotion characterized by the perception of a threat of loss of something that the person values, particularly in reference to a relationship with a loved one, which includes affective, cognitive, and behavioral components. Neural systems and cognitive processes underlying jealousy are relatively unclear, and only a ...
Kaur Baljit - - 2012
Thirty heterokaryons, formed by protoplast fusion of Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus tubingensis, were selected on the basis of their ability to grow on 2-deoxyglucose (0.2 %, w/v) and intermediate spore color. These heterokaryons were studied for cellulase production using shake flask and solid substrate cultures at 40 °C. Fusants 51 and 28 ...
Heard Charles - - 2012
Abstract Stimulus-responsive nanogels have potential as carriers for drugs targeting the skin. It is important to estimate the biocompatibility of such materials with the skin since they are directly in contact upon application and may induce irritation or inflammation. In the current work, blank (drug-free) polyN-isopropylacrylamide (polyNIPAM), poly(NIPAM copolymerised butyl ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have potentially higher risk for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MetS on cardiac events in type-2 diabetic patients asymptomatic for coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 485 patients from a ...
Zhao Yan-Chao - - 2012
A series of microporous organic networks linked by α-hydroxyl ketone were synthesized based on benzoin self-condensation of multi-formyl-containing building blocks. Fourier transform infrared and solid-state <13>C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy were utilized to confirm the α-hydroxyl ketone linkage of the obtained polymers. The hollow microsphereic morphology can be observed from scanning ...
Mei Bo - - 2012
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, a rare malignant tumor, was predominantly occurring in the bone and may involve somatic soft tissue but it is extremely rare in the lung.We report the case of a 20-year-old female who presented with a 2-month history of irritant nonproductive cough and chest pain. The histopathologic examination revealed ...
Jódar Gimeno Esteban - - 2012
Purpose: The Second Multidisciplinary Forum: Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Use in Osteoporotic Patients at High Risk for Fractures (HRF) was conducted to identify specific findings that would be helpful for defining high-risk status and guiding the use of parathyroid hormone 1-84 (PTH1-84) as an anabolic therapy in daily clinical practice. This ...
Slor Chantal J - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Delirium in elderly patients is associated with various long-term sequelae that include cognitive impairment and affective disturbances, although the latter is understudied. Methods: For a prospective cohort study of elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery, baseline characteristics and affective and cognitive functioning were assessed preoperatively. During hospital admission, ...
Barclay Kieron J - - 2012
Summary This study uses Swedish occupational register data to examine whether the proportion of men in administrative workplaces in the Swedish public service affects all-cause mortality risks amongst both males and females of working age. Using piecewise constant survival models to analyse occupational data from the Swedish administrative registers from ...
Scholz Julia - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The moss Physcomitrella patens contains C18- as well as C20-polyunsaturated fatty acids that can be metabolized by different enzymes to form oxylipins such as the cyclopentenone cis(+)-12-oxo phytodienoic acid. Mutants defective in the biosynthesis of cyclopentenones showed reduced fertility, aberrant sporophyte morphology and interrupted sporogenesis. The initial step ...
Mauri Tommaso - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) usually present very low respiratory system compliance (Cst(rs)) values (i.e., severe restrictive respiratory syndrome patients). As a consequence, they are at high risk of experiencing poor patient-ventilator interaction during assisted breathing. We hypothesized that monitoring of diaphragm ...
Schievink Wouter I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension has become a well-recognized cause of headaches and a wide variety of other manifestations have been reported. Recently, several patients with asymptomatic spontaneous intracranial hypotension were reported. I now report two patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension who developed multiple arterial strokes associated with death in one ...
Miyazaki Masayuki - - 2012
Methamphetamine (Meth) abuse can result in long-lasting psychosis and dependence. The nucleus accumbens (NAc), which controls psychomotor and reward behaviours, is an important interface between the limbic system and receives convergent projections from dopaminergic and glutamatergic terminals. This study investigated the involvements of dopaminergic and glutamatergic transmission in the development ...
Watanabe Urara - - 2012
The study aims were (1) to confirm the effects of nutritional improvement in prepartal and postpartal periods, monitored using the serum metabolic profile test (MPT) and reproductive performance, and (2) to clarify regional characteristics of the MPT results within our jurisdiction by using our MPT database. Experiment 1: Among 42 ...
Harris-Glocker Miranda - - 2012
Infertility is defined as a couple's failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The etiology of infertility can be due to female factors, male factors, combined male and female factors, or have an unknown etiology. This review focuses on the role of female pelvic anatomy in ...
Hillen Thomas - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) drive tumor progression, metastases, treatment resistance, and recurrence. Understanding CSC kinetics and interaction with their nonstem counterparts (called tumor cells, TCs) is still sparse, and theoretical models may help elucidate their role in cancer progression. Here, we develop a mathematical model of a heterogeneous population of ...
Fuzo Carlos A - - 2012
One of the factors limiting the search of new compounds based on the structure of target proteins involved in diseases is the limited amount of target structural information. Great advances in the search for lead compounds could be achieved to find new cavities in protein structures that are generated using ...
Reddy Ashok Kumar - - 2012
To compare the blood agar (BA), sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) and chocolate agar (CA) for the isolation of fungi in patients with mycotic keratitis. Corneal Scrapings of 229 patients with clinically diagnosed microbial keratitis were inoculated on BA, SDA, CA. The culture media were evaluated for the rate and time ...
Majedi Fatemeh Sadat - - 2012
We present a microfluidic platform for the synthesis of monodisperse chitosan based nanoparticles via self-assembly at physiological pH. The resultant nanoparticles are shown to encapsulate hydrophobic anticancer drugs while providing a sustainable release profile with high tunability.
Nascimento Areana Diogo - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between serum anti-mullerian hormone levels (AMH) and insulin resistance (IR) before and after meformin treatment and to compare AMH levels of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women in the early follicular phase. Methods: Twenty PCOS women with IR, taking metformin 1500 mg/day for 8 weeks, and 16 ...
VAN Veen Rosie - - 2012
ABSTRACT The current study used growth curve analysis to study the role of input during the acquisition of the English causal connective because and its German counterpart weil. The corpora of five German and five English children and their adult caretakers (age range 0;10-4;3) were analyzed for the amount as ...
Floridi Luciano - - 2012
The phenomenon of distributed knowledge is well-known in epistemic logic. In this paper, a similar phenomenon in ethics, somewhat neglected so far, is investigated, namely distributed morality. The article explains the nature of distributed morality, as a feature of moral agency, and explores the implications of its occurrence in advanced ...
Ohta Kengo - - 2012
We report a rare complication of incarceration of an umbilical hernia after Denver peritoneovenous shunt placement. A 50-year-old man presented with refractory ascites from liver cirrhosis. He also had an umbilical hernia. Because the ascites became uncontrollable, Denver peritoneovenous shunting was performed. The operation was successful and the ascites decreased. ...
You Hua - - 2012
Female condom is an effective means of HIV prevention. Monogamous female sexually transmitted infection (STI) patients are exposed indirectly to high risk of contracting HIV/STI via their sole male sex partners. There are few interventions to protect such women whilst female condom use is a potential means of self-protection. With ...
Gaut Joseph P - - 2012
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a form of renal cancer that may be confused with other eosinophilic renal tumors, including oncocytoma, type 2 papillary RCC, and clear-cell RCC with eosinophilic features. There are currently no robust markers to distinguish these neoplasms. Chromophobe RCC and renal oncocytoma are presumably derived ...
Macnamara Aine - - 2012
Abstract The ability to successfully develop to the highest levels in sport is dependent on a range of variables, not least an individual's ability to cope with the various challenges of development. Psychological Characteristics of Developing Excellence (PCDEs) include both the trait characteristics and the state-deployed skills that have been ...
Conteduca G - - 2012
Alopecia areata (AA), an autoimmune disease affecting anagen stage hair follicles, is associated with polymorphisms in immune-related genes and with decreased number of CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells (Treg). Treg function is modulated by the forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) transcription factor and by inducible costimulator (ICOS), through interaction with ...
Faust Dagmar - - 2012
Although the tumor-promoting effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and related compounds in liver tissue are primarily attributed to the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Liver progenitor (oval) cells have been suggested to constitute a potential target for hepatocarcinogenic ...
White James D - - 2012
A new chiral tetrahydrosalen ligand has been designed and synthesized from cis-2,5-diaminobicyclo[2.2.2]octane. The complex generated in situ by the interaction of the ligand with (CuOTf)(2)·C(6)H(5)CH(3) was an efficient catalyst for the asymmetric Henry reaction, producing nitroaldol products in high yield and good stereoselectivity. Henry reactions catalyzed by this tetrahydrosalen-Cu(I) complex ...
Gupta A K - - 2012
This study reports the utilization of three approaches - pharmacophore, CoMFA/CoMSIA and HQSAR studies - to identify the essential structural requirements in 3D chemical space for the modulation of the antimalarial activity of substituted 1,2,4-trioxanes. The superiority of quantitative pharmacophore-based alignment (QuantitativePBA) over global minima energy conformer-based alignment (GMCBA) has ...
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