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Fonnesbeck Christopher J - - 2012
Though the control of blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels is essential for minimizing impairment in individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU), the empirical basis for the selection of specific blood Phe levels as targets has not been evaluated. We evaluated the current evidence that particular Phe levels are optimal for minimizing or avoiding ...
Pearson Natalie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether home availability of energy-dense snack foods mediates the association between television (TV) viewing and energy-dense snack consumption among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Secondary schools in Victoria, Australia. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n 2984) from Years 7 and 9 of secondary school completed a web-based survey, between September 2004 ...
Marazziti Donatella - - 2012
Jealousy is a complex emotion characterized by the perception of a threat of loss of something that the person values, particularly in reference to a relationship with a loved one, which includes affective, cognitive, and behavioral components. Neural systems and cognitive processes underlying jealousy are relatively unclear, and only a ...
Kaur Baljit - - 2012
Thirty heterokaryons, formed by protoplast fusion of Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus tubingensis, were selected on the basis of their ability to grow on 2-deoxyglucose (0.2 %, w/v) and intermediate spore color. These heterokaryons were studied for cellulase production using shake flask and solid substrate cultures at 40 °C. Fusants 51 and 28 ...
Heard Charles - - 2012
Abstract Stimulus-responsive nanogels have potential as carriers for drugs targeting the skin. It is important to estimate the biocompatibility of such materials with the skin since they are directly in contact upon application and may induce irritation or inflammation. In the current work, blank (drug-free) polyN-isopropylacrylamide (polyNIPAM), poly(NIPAM copolymerised butyl ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have potentially higher risk for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MetS on cardiac events in type-2 diabetic patients asymptomatic for coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 485 patients from a ...
Zhao Yan-Chao - - 2012
A series of microporous organic networks linked by α-hydroxyl ketone were synthesized based on benzoin self-condensation of multi-formyl-containing building blocks. Fourier transform infrared and solid-state <13>C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy were utilized to confirm the α-hydroxyl ketone linkage of the obtained polymers. The hollow microsphereic morphology can be observed from scanning ...
Mei Bo - - 2012
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, a rare malignant tumor, was predominantly occurring in the bone and may involve somatic soft tissue but it is extremely rare in the lung.We report the case of a 20-year-old female who presented with a 2-month history of irritant nonproductive cough and chest pain. The histopathologic examination revealed ...
Jódar Gimeno Esteban - - 2012
Purpose: The Second Multidisciplinary Forum: Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Use in Osteoporotic Patients at High Risk for Fractures (HRF) was conducted to identify specific findings that would be helpful for defining high-risk status and guiding the use of parathyroid hormone 1-84 (PTH1-84) as an anabolic therapy in daily clinical practice. This ...
Slor Chantal J - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Delirium in elderly patients is associated with various long-term sequelae that include cognitive impairment and affective disturbances, although the latter is understudied. Methods: For a prospective cohort study of elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery, baseline characteristics and affective and cognitive functioning were assessed preoperatively. During hospital admission, ...
Barclay Kieron J - - 2012
Summary This study uses Swedish occupational register data to examine whether the proportion of men in administrative workplaces in the Swedish public service affects all-cause mortality risks amongst both males and females of working age. Using piecewise constant survival models to analyse occupational data from the Swedish administrative registers from ...
Scholz Julia - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The moss Physcomitrella patens contains C18- as well as C20-polyunsaturated fatty acids that can be metabolized by different enzymes to form oxylipins such as the cyclopentenone cis(+)-12-oxo phytodienoic acid. Mutants defective in the biosynthesis of cyclopentenones showed reduced fertility, aberrant sporophyte morphology and interrupted sporogenesis. The initial step ...
Mauri Tommaso - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) usually present very low respiratory system compliance (Cst(rs)) values (i.e., severe restrictive respiratory syndrome patients). As a consequence, they are at high risk of experiencing poor patient-ventilator interaction during assisted breathing. We hypothesized that monitoring of diaphragm ...
Schievink Wouter I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension has become a well-recognized cause of headaches and a wide variety of other manifestations have been reported. Recently, several patients with asymptomatic spontaneous intracranial hypotension were reported. I now report two patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension who developed multiple arterial strokes associated with death in one ...
Miyazaki Masayuki - - 2012
Methamphetamine (Meth) abuse can result in long-lasting psychosis and dependence. The nucleus accumbens (NAc), which controls psychomotor and reward behaviours, is an important interface between the limbic system and receives convergent projections from dopaminergic and glutamatergic terminals. This study investigated the involvements of dopaminergic and glutamatergic transmission in the development ...
Watanabe Urara - - 2012
The study aims were (1) to confirm the effects of nutritional improvement in prepartal and postpartal periods, monitored using the serum metabolic profile test (MPT) and reproductive performance, and (2) to clarify regional characteristics of the MPT results within our jurisdiction by using our MPT database. Experiment 1: Among 42 ...
Harris-Glocker Miranda - - 2012
Infertility is defined as a couple's failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The etiology of infertility can be due to female factors, male factors, combined male and female factors, or have an unknown etiology. This review focuses on the role of female pelvic anatomy in ...
Hillen Thomas - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) drive tumor progression, metastases, treatment resistance, and recurrence. Understanding CSC kinetics and interaction with their nonstem counterparts (called tumor cells, TCs) is still sparse, and theoretical models may help elucidate their role in cancer progression. Here, we develop a mathematical model of a heterogeneous population of ...
Fuzo Carlos A - - 2012
One of the factors limiting the search of new compounds based on the structure of target proteins involved in diseases is the limited amount of target structural information. Great advances in the search for lead compounds could be achieved to find new cavities in protein structures that are generated using ...
Reddy Ashok Kumar - - 2012
To compare the blood agar (BA), sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) and chocolate agar (CA) for the isolation of fungi in patients with mycotic keratitis. Corneal Scrapings of 229 patients with clinically diagnosed microbial keratitis were inoculated on BA, SDA, CA. The culture media were evaluated for the rate and time ...
Tei-Tominaga Maki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors related to the intention to leave and the decision to resign, including individual and psychosocial factors in the work environment, among newly graduated nurses (NGNs). METHODS: We distributed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire to all NGNs (n = 1,477) in a selected prefecture in Japan. The response rate ...
Majedi Fatemeh Sadat - - 2012
We present a microfluidic platform for the synthesis of monodisperse chitosan based nanoparticles via self-assembly at physiological pH. The resultant nanoparticles are shown to encapsulate hydrophobic anticancer drugs while providing a sustainable release profile with high tunability.
Nascimento Areana Diogo - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between serum anti-mullerian hormone levels (AMH) and insulin resistance (IR) before and after meformin treatment and to compare AMH levels of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women in the early follicular phase. Methods: Twenty PCOS women with IR, taking metformin 1500 mg/day for 8 weeks, and 16 ...
VAN Veen Rosie - - 2012
ABSTRACT The current study used growth curve analysis to study the role of input during the acquisition of the English causal connective because and its German counterpart weil. The corpora of five German and five English children and their adult caretakers (age range 0;10-4;3) were analyzed for the amount as ...
Floridi Luciano - - 2012
The phenomenon of distributed knowledge is well-known in epistemic logic. In this paper, a similar phenomenon in ethics, somewhat neglected so far, is investigated, namely distributed morality. The article explains the nature of distributed morality, as a feature of moral agency, and explores the implications of its occurrence in advanced ...
Ohta Kengo - - 2012
We report a rare complication of incarceration of an umbilical hernia after Denver peritoneovenous shunt placement. A 50-year-old man presented with refractory ascites from liver cirrhosis. He also had an umbilical hernia. Because the ascites became uncontrollable, Denver peritoneovenous shunting was performed. The operation was successful and the ascites decreased. ...
Manias Elizabeth - - 2012
AIM: This review examines the effectiveness of detection methods in terms of their ability to identify and accurately determine medication-related problems in hospitals. METHODS: A search was conducted of databases from inception to June 2012. The following keywords were used in combination: medication error or adverse drug event or adverse ...
You Hua - - 2012
Female condom is an effective means of HIV prevention. Monogamous female sexually transmitted infection (STI) patients are exposed indirectly to high risk of contracting HIV/STI via their sole male sex partners. There are few interventions to protect such women whilst female condom use is a potential means of self-protection. With ...
Gaut Joseph P - - 2012
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a form of renal cancer that may be confused with other eosinophilic renal tumors, including oncocytoma, type 2 papillary RCC, and clear-cell RCC with eosinophilic features. There are currently no robust markers to distinguish these neoplasms. Chromophobe RCC and renal oncocytoma are presumably derived ...
Macnamara Aine - - 2012
Abstract The ability to successfully develop to the highest levels in sport is dependent on a range of variables, not least an individual's ability to cope with the various challenges of development. Psychological Characteristics of Developing Excellence (PCDEs) include both the trait characteristics and the state-deployed skills that have been ...
Conteduca G - - 2012
Alopecia areata (AA), an autoimmune disease affecting anagen stage hair follicles, is associated with polymorphisms in immune-related genes and with decreased number of CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells (Treg). Treg function is modulated by the forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) transcription factor and by inducible costimulator (ICOS), through interaction with ...
Faust Dagmar - - 2012
Although the tumor-promoting effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and related compounds in liver tissue are primarily attributed to the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Liver progenitor (oval) cells have been suggested to constitute a potential target for hepatocarcinogenic ...
White James D - - 2012
A new chiral tetrahydrosalen ligand has been designed and synthesized from cis-2,5-diaminobicyclo[2.2.2]octane. The complex generated in situ by the interaction of the ligand with (CuOTf)(2)·C(6)H(5)CH(3) was an efficient catalyst for the asymmetric Henry reaction, producing nitroaldol products in high yield and good stereoselectivity. Henry reactions catalyzed by this tetrahydrosalen-Cu(I) complex ...
Gupta A K - - 2012
This study reports the utilization of three approaches - pharmacophore, CoMFA/CoMSIA and HQSAR studies - to identify the essential structural requirements in 3D chemical space for the modulation of the antimalarial activity of substituted 1,2,4-trioxanes. The superiority of quantitative pharmacophore-based alignment (QuantitativePBA) over global minima energy conformer-based alignment (GMCBA) has ...
Kobuchi Shinji - - 2012
To investigate the hepatic dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity in colorectal cancer (CRC), which is critically important to create a patient-specific dosing regimen, we performed 5-FU pharmacokinetic studies in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced CRC model rats (CRC rats). After rats received 5-FU intravenous (IV) bolus injections, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) ...
Ogawa Shoujiro - - 2012
Two pairs of C-24 epimeric (24R)-/(24S)-24-hydroxy-24-methyl-5α-cholestan-3β-yl acetates and (24R)-/(24S)-25-hydroxy-24-methyl-5α-cholestan-3β-yl acetates as well as some related 24-ethyl oxysterol analogs were stereoselectively synthesized directly from the respective parent 24-alkyl sterols by a remote O-insertion reaction with 2,6-dichloropyridine N-oxide (DCP) in the presence of a catalytic amount of (5,10,15,20-tetramesitylporphrinate) ruthenium(II) carbonyl complex [Ru(TMP)CO] ...
Kinouchi Kenichiro - - 2012
Aims: Statins not only reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, but also prevent the progression of kidney dysfunction. Ezetimibe, a cholesterol-absorption inhibitor, also lowers LDL cholesterol levels when added to statins; however, the effect of add-on ezetimibe on kidney function has had conflicting results.Methods: We conducted an open-labeled, randomized, 12-month trial, ...
Vincenzi Bruno - - 2012
PURPOSE: Oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy is a dose-related side effect which occurs in almost 40 % of patients treated with oxaliplatin. Aim of the present study was to identify reliable clinical factors predicting its development and duration. METHODS: One hundred sixty-nine completely resected colorectal cancer patients treated with adjuvant Folfox IV regimen were ...
Nagata Tomoyuki - - 2012
ABSTRACT A 48-year-old woman with Parkinson disease (PD) suffered from auditory hallucinations (AH). We had treated her with a reduction in antiparkinsonian agents and the use of atypical antipsychotic agents. However, her symptoms did not improve, and her extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) worsened. To lessen her depressive symptoms, treatment with a ...
Alikhan Maliha A - - 2012
The mononuclear phagocyte system is comprised of circulating monocytes, tissue macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) that play key roles in tissue homeostasis, immune surveillance, and immune and non-immune-mediated tissue injury and repair. This review summarises the various subsets within this system that exhibit significant functional and phenotypic diversity that can ...
Sioka Eleni - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the eating profile of patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and its impact on weight loss. METHODS: One hundred ten patients who underwent LSG were interviewed using Suter questionnaire and revised Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns in follow-up visits. Eating ...
Pauletti C - - 2012
Clinically subtle executive dysfunctions have recently been described in essential tremor (ET), though the presence of attentional deficits is still unclear. We investigated the psychophysiological aspects of attention in ET, using event-related potentials (ERPs). Twenty-one non-demented patients with ET and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent a psychophysiological evaluation. ...
Santana Noemí - - 2012
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in behavioural control and cognitive processes that are altered in schizophrenia. The brainstem monoaminergic systems control PFC function, yet the cells/networks involved are not fully known. Serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) increase PFC neuronal activity through the activation of α1-adrenergic receptors (α1ARs) and 5-HT2A ...
Berlanga-Acosta Jorge - - 2012
Wound chronification and opportunistic infections stand as major factors leading to lower extremities amputations in diabetes. The molecular mechanisms underlying diabetic's torpid healing have not been elucidated. We present the case of a female diabetic patient that after a plantar abscess surgical drainage, tight glycaemia control and infection clearance; the ...
Wang Feng Ling - - 2012
Berberine (BBR), an effective compound of Chinese traditional herbal medicine, has preventive effects on diabetes and its complications. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of BBR in rats with high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic nephropathy model. BBR (50, 100, 200 mg/kg/d) were orally administered ...
Laco Filip - - 2012
Collagen and fibronectin matrices are known to stimulate migration of microvascular endothelial cells and the process of tubulogenesis, but the physical, chemical, and topographical cues for directed vessel formation have yet to be determined. In this study, growth, migration, elongation, and tube formation of human lymphatic microvascular endothelial cells (LECs) ...
Guerreiro Pedro M - - 2012
Scale loss is a common occurrence in both wild fish and those in aquaculture production systems, and regeneration of scales has been described in several freshwater species. Relatively little information exists about this process in marine fish, and in the present study, the chronology of scale regeneration was characterized in ...
Raviv Ziv - - 2012
Jasmonates, plant stress hormones protecting the plant from microbial pathogens and environmental stresses, were also discovered to have toxic activities toward mammalian cancer cells. Methyl jasmonate (MJ) was found to be the most active anti-cancer derivate among natural jasmonates, exhibiting a specific cell death-induction effect toward several cancer cells. Since ...
Lämmle Lena - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Regarding children's and adolescents' development of physical fitness (PF), information about whether there are different performance classes in PF would potentially be helpful. If such classes also differ in related health parameters, this might indicate 'at-risk' groups requiring different support measures. METHODS: Factor mixture modeling was used to investigate ...
Contino Nathan C - - 2012
Charge detection mass spectrometry (CDMS) measurements have been performed for cytochrome c and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) monomer using a modified cone trap incorporating a cryogenically cooled JFET. Cooling the JFET increases its transconductance and lowers thermal noise, improving the signal to noise (S/N) ratio. Single ions with as few as ...
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