Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3797
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Santos Alexandra F AF Department of Pediatric Allergy, Division of Asthma, Allergy & Lung Biology, King's College London, MRC & Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, London, UK. - - 2012
This review highlights the progress made in food allergy (FA) and anaphylaxis research in pediatrics published in the journal Pediatric Allergy and Immunology since 2010. Putative risk factors for FA are as follows: a family history of allergic disease, particularly in the mother, low birth order, season of birth, and ...
Barrett Victoria J M VJ Department of Ophthalmology, Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2012
Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder associated with the development of multiple central and peripheral nervous system tumors. Patients with NF2 are often diagnosed in adulthood, with symptoms of an isolated tumor or hearing loss associated with vestibular schwannomas. Diagnosing NF2 in children is complicated by the ...
Byatt Nancy N Department of Psychiatry and Ob/Gyn, UMass Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. - - 2012
To identify core barriers and facilitators to addressing perinatal depression and review clinical, programmatic, and system level interventions that may optimize perinatal depression treatment. Eighty-four MEDLINE/PubMed searches were conducted using the terms perinatal depression, postpartum depression, antenatal depression, and prenatal depression in association with 21 other terms. Of 7768 papers ...
Goetzinger Katherine R KR MSCI, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4911 Barnes-Jewish Hospital Plaza, Campus Box 8064, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2012
To estimate the association between isolated second-trimester short femur length and fetal growth restriction as well as other adverse perinatal outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with singleton gestations presenting for sonography between 16 and 24 weeks' gestation from 1990 to 2009. Cases of aneuploidy, skeletal dysplasia, ...
Khanh Truong Huu TH Children’s Hospital 1, Ho Chi Minh City, - - 2012
We prospectively studied 3,791 children hospitalized during 2011 during a large outbreak of enterovirus 71-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease in Vietnam. Formal assessment of public health interventions, use of intravenous immunoglobulin and other therapies, and factors predisposing for progression of disease is needed to improve clinical management.
Peng Cheng C Department of Ophthalmology, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Eye Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2012
To determine whether bilateral implantation of an aspheric apodized diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +3.00 diopters (D) results in optical adverse effects compared with an aspheric monofocal IOL.   In a prospective, randomized study of 204 eyes (102 patients) with bilateral implantation of an AcrySof ReSTOR SN6AD1 IOL or ...
Bridges Juanita F JF Overton Brooks VA Medical Center, Primary Care, Nutrition, Shreveport, LA 71101-4295, USA. - - 2012
The primary objective of our study is to compare HgA1C to self monitoring frequency in diabetes subjects. A secondary objective is to evaluate the influence of family support and gender on glucose monitoring frequency and HgA1C. We studied the glucose monitoring frequency and HgA1c outcome of 67 subjects treated with ...
De Giacomo A - - 2012
Although the first nanoseconds to microseconds rule the resulting process yield of laser ablation in liquid, a comprehensive view involving combination of time-resolved measurement techniques is still lacking. In this paper, fundamental aspects of laser ablation of metals in water during the production of nanoparticles are discussed. Three fast diagnostic ...
Zhang Lijuan - - 2012
We report a novel approach for preparation of networked gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using reactive oxygen species (i.e., peroxymonocarbonate, HCO(4)(-)) as a novel reducing agent, along with nonionic fluorosurfactant (FSN) assistance. The formation mechanism of the networked AuNPs is demonstrated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), UV-visible ...
Zhao G H - - 2012
In the present study, the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of Oesophagostomum asperum and O. columbianum were amplified and sequenced. The ITS-1, 5.8S and ITS-2 rDNA sequences of O. asperum were 374 bp, 153 bp and 259 bp in length, respectively, and the corresponding sequences of O. columbianum were 259, ...
Bahi Amine - - 2012
Stress exposure is known to be a risk factor for alcohol use and anxiety disorders. Comorbid chronic stress and alcohol dependence may lead to a complicated and potentially severe treatment profile. To gain an understanding of the interaction between chronic psychosocial stress and drug exposure, we studied the effects of ...
Quattrocchi Carlo Cosimo - - 2012
A high metabolic demand, rich vascularization and high concentrations of ionic elements leading to the generation of oxygen free radicals, give to the deep grey matter (DGM) nuclei specific susceptibility to both acute and chronic insults, especially in paediatric patients. Reaching a diagnosis in the early stages of acute diseases ...
Guo Li - - 2012
Dysregulation in the expression of miRNAs contributes to the occurrence and development of many human cancers. We herein attempted to obtain the potential association between miRNA expression profile and breast cancer by applying high-throughput sequencing technology. Small RNAs from seven paired tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples were sequenced. To ...
Nakamura Hiroshige - - 2012
We performed robotic bronchoplastic upper lobectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the right hilum of the lung. The patient was a 56-year-old male and surgery was performed using 3 robotic arms and 1 assistance. Deeply wide wedge resection and interrupted suture were applied to the bronchus of the upper lobe. ...
van Wilgen C Paul - - 2012
The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) is the most frequently used questionnaire in patients with fibromyalgia in the last 20 years. Recently, a revised version of the FIQ has been published. In this study, we examined the factor structure of the original version using explorative and confirmative factor analyses in a representative ...
Berge Jerica M - - 2012
To examine the unique and additive associations of family functioning and parenting practices with adolescent disordered eating behaviors (i.e., dieting, unhealthy weight control behaviors, binge eating). Data from EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens) 2010, a population-based study assessing eating and activity among racially/ethnically and socio-economically diverse adolescents (n = 2,793; mean ...
Sgarlata Carmelo - - 2012
The reaction of protonation of 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol (TRIS) is a suitable one for the calibration of isothermal titration calorimeter (ITC), providing that experimental conditions are appropriately chosen. The conditions and methods for handling experimental data from a nanowatt-ITC are discussed. Also, the binding of Ba(2+) to 18-Crown-6 is successfully used to ...
Dong Qian - - 2012
Imatinib mesylate (IM), a widely prescribed powerful tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been associated with increased risk of heart failure and is known to induce cell apoptosis and death in isolated cardiomyocytes. In addition to acquired long QT syndrome, pharmacological inhibition of human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG) channel has been reported to ...
Riffell Jenna L - - 2012
The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein superfamily has wide-ranging roles in cellular processes such as DNA repair and WNT signalling. Efforts to pharmacologically target PARP enzymes have largely focused on PARP1 and the closely related PARP2, but recent work highlighting the role of another family member, tankyrase 1 (TANK1; also known ...
Sauer Pjj - - 2012
AIM: To comparing attitudes towards end-of-life (EOL) decisions in newborn infants between seven European countries. METHODS: One paediatrician and one lawyer from seven European countries were invited to attend a conference to discuss the practice of EOL decisions in newborn infants and the legal aspects involved. RESULTS: All paediatricians/neonatologists indicated ...
Fors A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia often becomes manifest in late adolescence and young adulthood but deviations in physical and behavioural development may already be present in childhood. We investigated the relationship between hearing impairment (measured with audiometry) and speech impairment (broadly defined) at age 4 years and adult risk of non-affective psychosis. Method ...
Maki Nobuyasu - - 2012
During newt lens regeneration a unique transdifferentiation event occurs. In this process, dorsal iris pigmented epithelial cells transdifferentiate into lens cells. This system should provide a new insight into cellular plasticity in basic and applied research. Recently, a series of approaches to study epigenetic reprogramming during transdifferentiation have been performed. ...
Staron Adam - - 2012
Regression of left ventricular (LV) mass in severe aortic stenosis (AS) following aortic valve replacement (AVR) reduces the potential risk of sudden death and congestive heart failure associated with LV hypertrophy. We investigated whether abnormalities of resting LV deformation in severe AS can predict the lack of regression of LV ...
Wilson Rula - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to examine HPV vaccine knowledge and acceptability among ethnically diverse Black women. Forty-four women were interviewed in 6 focus groups (2 African American, 2 English-speaking Caribbean, 1 Haitian, and 1 African). Thematic content analysis was used to generate common concepts and themes and to ...
Yoo Christine - - 2012
The bispectral (BIS) monitor uses brain electroencephalographic data to measure the depth of sedation and pharmacological response during anaesthetic procedures. In this case, the BIS monitor was used for another purpose, to demonstrate postoperatively to the nursing staff that a patient with history of locked-in syndrome (LIS), who underwent pressure ...
Yamamoto Hidetaka - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that are up- or downregulated in several types of cancer, and have an important role in the tumorigenesis and progression. To better understand the role of aberrantly expressed miRNAs and their target genes affecting the biology of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), we performed miRNA ...
Ebrahimzadeh Homeira - - 2012
A novel sorbent based on pyridine-2,6-diamine functionalized Fe(3) O(4) nano-particles was developed and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The application of the sorbent was investigated for preconcentration and determination of lead and cadmium ions in aqueous samples. Effects of various ...
Pouwels J Loes - - 2012
Previous research suggests that the prevalence of aggression is high among low-income urban youth who have to cope with a number of psychological stressors. Less is known about the early development and consequences of aggression and peer victimization prior to adolescence in these contexts. This study examined the correlates, interplay, ...
Weng Jun - - 2012
Root colonization by antagonistic bacteria is a prerequisite for successful biological control, and the instability of colonization under varying environmental conditions has accentuated the need to improve the colonization activity. Root colonization by Bacillus spp. is mainly determined by chemotaxis and biofilm formation, and both functions are negatively controlled by ...
Nakamura Hiroshige - - 2012
The most favorable advantage of robotic surgery is the markedly free movement of joint-equipped robotic forceps under 3-dimensional high-vision. Accurate operation makes complex procedures straightforward, and may overcome weak points of the previous thoracoscopic surgery. The efficiency and safety improves with acquiring skills. However, the spread of robotic surgery in ...
Kidoh Masafumi - - 2012
PURPOSE: We compared the fixed injection rate protocol (P2) with the fixed injection duration protocol (P1) for coronary CT angiography using the test bolus technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We randomly assigned 100 patients to one of two protocols. In P1, they received 0.7 mL/kg Iohexol-350 in an injection duration of 9 s, ...
Vosnakis Christos - - 2012
The present study investigates the combined effect of diet, physical exercise and Orlistat for 24 weeks, on serum Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) levels in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and in overweight and obese controls. Sixty-one (61) selected women with PCOS and 20 overweight and obese controls ...
Radenkovic Sandra - - 2012
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), marker of anaerobic metabolism, is associated with highly invasive and metastatic breast cancer. Novel studies show that increased anaerobic metabolism (LDH), as well as activity of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT)), is correlated with higher mammographic density, as known predictor of breast cancer risk. ...
Barrientos L - - 2012
The structural elucidation of 2α-cyclodextrin/1-octanethiol, 2α-cyclodextrin/1-octylamine and 2α-cyclodextrin/1-nonanoic acid inclusion complexes by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and molecular modeling has been achieved. The detailed spatial configurations are proposed for the three inclusion complexes based on 2D NMR method. ROESY experiments confirm the inclusion of guest molecules inside the α-cyclodextrin ...
Foo Xiang Yi - - 2012
The variation in suicide patterns across ethnic groups with different religious background is a puzzling social phenomenon. This study sought to examine the impact of religious commitment and attitudes toward suicide on suicidal behaviors of college students across major ethnic and religious groups in a multicultural society of Malaysia. A ...
Chang Chia-Hao - - 2012
We describe the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the Chinese rasbora, Rasbora steineri, which is a small cyprinid distributed in southeastern Asia. The circle genome (16,530 bp) consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes and 1 control region. It has the typical vertebrate mitochondrial gene arrangement.
Doi Junko - - 2012
Tritrichomonas suis (= T. foetus) is a protozoan parasite of pigs, cattle and cats. Based on host range and genetic differences, T. suis has been divided into a 'cat genotype' and a 'cattle genotype', with the latter genotype capable of infecting both cattle and pigs. Since no information is currently ...
Watanabe Kazuhiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the actuarial incidence of pulmonary metastases as the first site of metastasis after R0 resection of colon cancer and to clarify predictive factors for pulmonary metastases as the first site of metastasis. METHODS: Data for 746 patients who underwent R0 resection for colon cancer from 2000 to ...
Zhang Jinlong - - 2012
Myelin and lymphocyte protein (MAL) was identified as a tetraspan proteolipid that is highly expressed by oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells as a component of compact myelin. It has also been reported to be a tumour suppressor and induces apoptosis through the Fas pathway. However, its expression and function in spinal ...
Kim Baik-Ho - - 2012
The removal or mitigation of cyanobacterial bloom and cyanotoxins is a necessity to ensure safe drinking water and recreational water. As a feasible agent to control cyanobacterial bloom, a novel plant-mineral composite (PMC) was developed and optimized through laboratory and field testing over the past 3 years. Based on previous studies, ...
Donohoe G - - 2012
Cognitive deficits are core to the disability associated with many psychiatric disorders. Both variation in cognition and psychiatric risk show substantial heritability, with overlapping genetic variants contributing to both. Unsurprisingly, therefore, these fields have been mutually beneficial: just as cognitive studies of psychiatric risk variants may identify genes involved in ...
Lu Zhuan-Ling - - 2012
Although rabies virus is widely distributed in the world, and has been the subject of extensive investigations with the objective of its ultimate prevention, control, and management, there is much less knowledge of the characteristics, distribution, and infectivity of other lyssaviruses. Since bats are known animal vectors for all but ...
Walker Robert - - 2012
This paper provides a detailed overview and discussion of anaesthesia in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), the evaluation of risk factors in these patients and their anaesthetic management, including emergency airway issues. MPS represents a group of rare lysosomal storage disorders associated with an array of clinical manifestations. The high prevalence ...
Ferus Martin - - 2012
The formamide-based synthesis of nucleic acids is considered as a non-aqueous scenario for the emergence of biomolecules from inorganic matter. In the current study, we scrutinized the chemical composition of formamide ices mixed with an FeNi meteorite material treated with laser-induced dielectric breakdown plasma created in nitrogen buffer gas. These ...
Mansour O - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The tiny size of cerebral aneurysms represents one of the challenging facets for endovascular treatment, with a high risk for intraoperative rupture (IOR). We report on the treatment of tiny ruptured saccular cerebral aneurysms by coil embolization. All cases were that of £ 2-3 mm aneurysms with at least ...
Lambercy Olivier - - 2012
Sensory perception is crucial for motor learning and the control of fine manipulations. However, therapy after stroke still strongly focuses on the training of motor skills. Sensory assessments are often left out or provide only very subjective data from poorly controlled stimuli. This paper presents a vibration detection/localization test with ...
Liu Xiaoqing - - 2012
DNA nanostructures acting as DNA machines are described. Specifically, DNA "walkers" assembled on nucleic acid scaffolds and triggered by fuel/anti-fuel strands are activated in solution or on surfaces, e.g., electrodes or semiconductor CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs). The DNA machines led to the switchable formation or dissociation of the hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme ...
Iwai Naomi - - 2012
The goal of surgery for anorectal malformations (ARM) is to achieve good bowel, urinary, and sexual functions, as well as the ability for children to become healthy adults. Various surgical procedures and surgical management protocols have been explored or devised by pediatric surgeons. These are described in this review. Making ...
Grupp Katharina - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether cysteine-rich secretory protein 3 (CRISP3) expression is linked to clinically or molecularly relevant subgroups of prostate cancer. A tissue microarray representing samples from >10 000 prostate cancers from radical prostatectomy specimens with clinical follow-up data were analyzed for CRISP3 expression by immunohistochemistry. ...
Colacurci Nicola - - 2012
Objective: To assess the safety of a nutraceutical compound containing soy isoflavones and Lactobacillus sporogenes on endometrium, breast and liver function. Setting: Outpatient Menopausal Clinic. Study Design: 130 healthy postmenopausal women suffering from menopausal symptoms were randomized to receive soy isoflavones 60 mg and Lactobacillus sporogenes 1 billion spores (group E: ...
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