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Results 201 - 250 of 3799
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Knechtle Beat - - 2012
Ultramarathon running is increasingly popular. An ultramarathon is defined as a running event involving distances longer than the length of a traditional marathon of 42.195 km. In ultramarathon races, ~80% of the finishers are men. Ultramarathoners are typically ~45 y old and achieve their fastest running times between 30 and ...
Prinz Ana - - 2012
To determine the efficacy of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in maintaining corneal hydration and optical clarity. Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Experimental study. In porcine autopsy eyes, the effect of 13 ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVDs) (5 formulations of HPMC; 8 formulations of HA) in ...
Atanasković-Marković Marina - - 2012
Multiple drug hypersensitivity (MDH) has been defined as a hypersensitivity to two or more chemically different drugs. Two types of MDH have been reported: the first one, which develops to different drugs administered simultaneously and the second type, in which sensitizations develop sequentially. In children, studies which diagnose MDH on ...
Soliman A A Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. - - 2012
This double-blind trial followed 16 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) who received telmisartan or sirolimus plus telmisartan for 24 months. The 6-month pilot study showed a promising effect of sirolimus. The primary metric of this 2-year study was the change in total kidney volume at 12 and ...
Duarte Ida - - 2012
Background: Patch tests are an efficient method to confirm the etiological diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis. 1) To determine the permanence of results between two tests performed with an interval of at least one year, in patients with allergic contact dermatitis; 2) To compare the positive results according to rates ...
D'Ugo Emilia - - 2012
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel reduces cardiovascular events following an acute coronary syndrome or stent implantation, but the associated increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding often leads clinicians to the co-administration of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). PPIs have been shown to decrease antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel ex vivo, raising ...
Zitrin Arthur - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This article is about the Freud-Frink-Brill relationship, certain events in the history of psychoanalysis in the United States in the years 1919 to 1925, and some speculative explanations for these events. It is not a critique of psychoanalytic theory or practice.
Barrett Victoria J M VJ Department of Ophthalmology, Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2012
Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder associated with the development of multiple central and peripheral nervous system tumors. Patients with NF2 are often diagnosed in adulthood, with symptoms of an isolated tumor or hearing loss associated with vestibular schwannomas. Diagnosing NF2 in children is complicated by the ...
Hodorová Ingrid - - 2012
Studies of the biochemical properties of MAO-A (monoamine oxidase) are numerous, but the information about determination of MAO-A in human normal and tumour renal tissue is limited. Our objectives in the present study were to determine the localization of MAO-A in normal kidney and level of expression of this protein ...
Nazıroğlu Mustafa - - 2012
Aims: Exposure to electromagnetic radiation (EMR) may increase breast cancer risk by inducing oxidative stress and suppressing the production of melatonin. Aim of the present review is to discuss the mechanisms and risk factors of EMR and oxidative stress-induced breast cancer, to summarize the controlled studies evaluating measures for prevention, ...
Odronic Shelley I - - 2012
We present 2 cases of Cokeromyces recurvatus in routine, liquid-based Papanicolaou tests (ThinPrep). Patient 1 is a healthy, asymptomatic, 26-year-old woman with no pertinent past medical history. Patient 2 is a healthy, asymptomatic, 47-year-old woman with no pertinent past medical history. The Papanicolaou tests from both patients showed many fungal-like ...
Watanabe Masaki - - 2012
Objectives -We performed this study to identify echogenicity changes in clots and their correlations with histologic characteristics over time. Methods -B-mode sonography was performed at 2, 6, 24, and 48 hours after clot formation in venous blood from healthy donors. Analysis of echogenicity was performed by grayscale median measurement with ...
Sun J - - 2012
Mutations in the UL97 gene are a major mechanism of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) resistance to gancyclovir (GCV). Some mutations may show different regional distributions. To analyze UL97 mutations in Chinese people, we scanned the UL97 gene fragment among virus isolates from 27 infants as well as blood samples from 28 ...
Apodaca Gerard - - 2012
Epithelial cells have an apical-basolateral axis of polarity, which is required for epithelial functions including barrier formation, vectorial ion transport and sensory perception. Here we review what is known about the sorting signals, machineries and pathways that maintain this asymmetry, and how polarity proteins interface with membrane-trafficking pathways to generate ...
Liu Xin - - 2012
We describe a combined pars plana-limbal approach using a 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy system for removal of congenital cataracts in a 5-month-old boy. The operated eye had anterior capsulotomy, lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy through a pars plana transconjunctival incision created with a 25-gauge trocar. A limbal port incision ...
Mohamad Nora A - - 2012
Radiotherapy may be used to treat pancreatic cancer and relieve pain. We have previously reported that histamine modulates pancreatic adenocarcinoma PANC-1 cell proliferation. This work was aimed to evaluate whether histamine improves radiosensitivity of PANC-1 cells in relation to phosphorylation/inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β). Immediately after γ irradiation, intracellular ...
Jaeger Bernadette Anna Sophia - - 2012
Imatinib is a highly effective drug in up-front treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In children impaired longitudinal growth has been reported as side effect exerted by this drug under prolonged therapy. We therefore prospectively evaluated alterations of bone biochemical markers in pediatric patients with CML under ongoing imatinib exposure. ...
Robert Rhonda - - 2012
This study's goal was to describe and begin to understand the experience of bereaved parents whose deceased child had received pediatric oncology services at a tertiary comprehensive cancer center. Focus groups were conducted with parents whose children were age 10 years and older at the time of death. Potential participants ...
Cole Neil - - 2012
ABSTRACT: John Cade's identification of lithium as a treatment of manic-depressive illness has been judged as a landmark biomedical advance and as an initiator of modern psychopharmacology. His personal background, interests, character, experiences, and key observational skills are sketched to provide the background and logic for his discovery and to ...
Bridges Juanita F JF Overton Brooks VA Medical Center, Primary Care, Nutrition, Shreveport, LA 71101-4295, USA. - - 2012
The primary objective of our study is to compare HgA1C to self monitoring frequency in diabetes subjects. A secondary objective is to evaluate the influence of family support and gender on glucose monitoring frequency and HgA1C. We studied the glucose monitoring frequency and HgA1c outcome of 67 subjects treated with ...
Al-Shoha Ahmad - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: A prospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the effect of epidural steroid injection (ESI) on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: ESIs are used to treat the pain associated with radiculopathy. Although it is known that exogenous steroid use can disrupt skeletal architecture, ...
Cagle Philip T - - 2012
Context.-The advent of genotype-based therapy and predictive biomarkers for lung cancer has thrust the pathologist into the front lines of precision medicine for this deadly disease. Objective.-To provide the clinical background, current status, and future perspectives of molecular targeted therapy for lung cancer patients, including the pivotal participation of the ...
Chen Ke - - 2012
Ultrasound vibrometry can measure the propagation velocity of shear waves in soft tissue noninvasively, and the shear moduli of tissue can be estimated inversely from the velocities at multiple frequencies. It is possible to choose the appropriate model for tissue characterization from mathematical methods and analysis of model behaviors. The ...
Luan Ying - - 2012
A comparison between phospholipid-coated microbubbles with and without liposomes attached to the microbubble surface was performed using the ultra-high-speed imaging camera (Brandaris 128). We investigated 73 liposome-loaded microbubbles (loaded microbubbles) and 41 microbubbles without liposome loading (unloaded microbubbles) with a diameter ranging from 3-10 μm at frequencies ranging from 0.6-3.8 ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2012
Common biological features between cancer and atherosclerosis suggest possible association of p53 with atherosclerotic diseases, but data on such a relationship are controversial, suggesting interactions with other variables. Acid phosphatase locus 1 (ACPACP₁) is a polymorphic gene that controls the synthesis of an enzyme involved in important metabolic functions. Since ...
Remke Stacy S - - 2012
This article explores themes related to team development in pediatric palliative care. A review of the literature, observations from the field, and an analysis of dynamics from the point of view of the social work knowledge base are included. Recommendations for team development and sustainability are shared.
Zhao Z - - 2012
Soluble fibrinogen-like protein 2 (sfgl2), which is mainly secreted by T cells, is a novel effector of regulatory T cells with immunosuppressive functions. The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of sfgl2 among renal allograft recipients. From November 2010 to August 2011 we retrospectively divided 47 renal ...
Zhao Rongrong - - 2012
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver is rare. It has a high malignancy rate and poor prognosis, and survival is typically no longer than one year. The pathogenesis of the disease is unclear, but is generally considered to be correlated with the long-term inflammation or metaplasia of biliary epithelial ...
Eswara Manoja B K - - 2012
Utp8p is an essential nucleolar protein that channels aminoacyl-tRNAs from aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in the nucleolus to the nuclear tRNA export receptors located in the nucleoplasm and nuclear pore complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . Utp8p is also part of the U3 snoRNA-associated protein complex involved in 18S rRNA biogenesis in the ...
Tanaka Masaaki - - 2012
A depressive state is a common symptom in the elderly and often accompanies cognitive impairment. The coexistence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment is a serious problem, as it increases adverse outcomes for health, functional status, and mortality. It would thus be of great value to clarify the cognitive dysfunction ...
Tasoula Eleni - - 2012
Acne vulgaris can severely affect social and psychological functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of acne vulgaris and its severity on Quality of Life of young adolescents in Greece. We conducted a questionnaire based survey among 1560 adolescent between the ages of 11 and 19 ...
Hua Xianming - - 2012
A boy, aged 12 years 3 months, sought treatment for a complete unilateral Brodie bite. His maxillary dental arch was asymmetric, and his dentition was 10 mm wider than normal values for his age. The transverse discrepancy was his chief complaint because it caused a chewing dysfunction. We used a ...
Thosar Saurabh S - - 2012
Sedentary activity is a modifiable life-style behavior and a key component in the etiology of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD). US adults and children spend more than half their waking time in sedentary pursuits. Sedentary activity has been shown to result in impaired insulin sensitivity, impaired metabolic function and attenuated endothelial ...
Terzi Fabio - - 2012
Many of the properties of multi-material systems and relevant devices depend on the interfaces between the different components. This review focuses on characterization of the interfaces between intrinsically conducting polymers and inorganic materials consisting of metals and metal oxides. These materials are chosen because of their importance in several analytical ...
Okay Sezer - - 2012
Pasteurella multocida is a pathogenic bacterium causing many diseases that are of significant economic importance to livestock industries. Outer membrane protein H (ompH) gene and two fragments of Pasteurella lipoprotein E (plpE) gene, namely plpEN and plpEC, were cloned from P. multocida A:3. Three DNA vaccine formulations, namely pCMV-ompH, pCMV-plpEN-ompH ...
Costa Juliana Bastos - - 2012
Norwegian scabies is a highly contagious skin infestation caused by an ectoparasite, Scarcoptes scabiei var. Hominis, which mainly affects immunosuppressed individuals. Clinically, it may simulate various dermatoses such as psoriasis, Darier's disease, seborrheic dermatitis, among others. This is a case report of a 33-year-old woman, immunocompetent, diagnosed with generalized anxiety ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2012
Hypertension is responsible for a relevant burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although several appropriate and integrated pharmacological strategies are available, blood pressure control still remains largely unsatisfactory. Failure to achieve effective blood pressure control in treated hypertensive patients may have a substantial impact on overall cardiovascular risk, since ...
Hashish Mona H - - 2012
Individuals can be exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through inadequately or improperly sterilized medical or dental equipment. The aim of this study was to detect HCV RNA in the dental setting in Alexandria, Egypt. The study included 100 samples collected from five dental clinics (A-E) in Alexandria. ...
Porciatti Vittorio - - 2012
The clinical management of glaucoma and optic neuropathies has traditionally focused on stages of the diseases at which there are congruent losses of visual function and optic nerve tissue. Increasing clinical and experimental evidence suggests that the electrical activity of retinal ganglion cells, as measured by pattern electroretinogram (PERG), may ...
Fabijańska Anna - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and extended high-frequency (EHF) thresholds in a control group and in patients with normal hearing sensitivity in the conventional frequency range and reporting unilateral tinnitus. Seventy patients were enrolled in the study: 47 patients with tinnitus in ...
Cotovio P - - 2012
Immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) in renal transplantation is associated with chronic graft dysfunction, increased cardiovascular risk, and malignancies. Everolimus (EVR) appears to permit a CNI-sparing regimen among stable kidney recipients. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of conversion from CNI to EVR. This ...
Al Maaitah Emad F - - 2012
Our objective was to assess the effects of miniscrews on interproximal alveolar bone density and adjacent gingival tissue health. Forty-four titanium miniscrews were inserted between maxillary second premolars and first molars on both sides of the dentition in 22 consecutive patients (15 female, 7 male; ages, 14-24 years). A control ...
Sant'anna Eduardo Franzotti - - 2012
Tooth impaction involves factors such as lack of space in the alveolar process, trauma, ankylosis, and mechanical barriers such as abnormal frenum, supernumerary teeth, tumors, and local cysts. When impaction occurs in the anterior region, esthetics are compromised. This report describes the successful approach to treatment for a young boy ...
Dang-Nguyen Thanh Quang - - 2012
Abstract Although telomeres are elongated during morula-to-blastocyst transition in cloned embryos, it is still unknown whether donor cell types have any effect on this elongation. In the present study, we examined the changes of telomere length during morula-to-blastocyst transition in cloned porcine embryos using different types of donor cells. Porcine ...
Ye Niansong - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine the accuracy of volumetric measurements of teeth in vitro by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to analyze the factors affecting their volume measurements from the CBCT data. We used a sample of CBCT-scanned (voxel sizes: 0.125, 0.20, 0.25, 0.30, and 0.40 mm) and ...
Bener Abdulbari - - 2012
To determine the contributing factors to road traffic crashes (RTCs) and road traffic injuries (RTIs) in the rapidly developing State of Qatar. This cross-sectional study was carried out at Primary Health Care Centers and included a sample of 1762 drivers selected randomly among patients registered for daily visits. A designed ...
Tan David W M - - 2012
Basal cell carcinoma has been shown to originate from activation of hedgehog signalling in interfollicular epidermal progenitor cells. Analyses of the early steps of basal cell carcinoma formation show that this process requires reprogramming of interfolliclular epidermal cells to an embryonic hair follicle progenitor-like fate, with concomitant Wnt pathway activation.
Casolino Erika - - 2012
To anticipate outstanding athletic outcomes, the selection process of elite athletes simultaneously considers psychophysiological and technical parameters. This study aimed to investigate whether selected and nonselected athletes for the Italian national taekwondo team could be discriminated by means of sportspecific performances and psychophysiological responses to training. 5 established Italian national ...
Sun Chao - - 2012
An anomalous congenital band is a well-known cause of intestinal obstruction, but it is rare and usually presents a diagnostic challenge. With high-frequency sonography, it is possible for intestinal obstruction due to a vitelline band to be diagnosed preoperatively. We describe the sonographic findings of 2 cases that led us ...
Santos Alexandra F AF Department of Pediatric Allergy, Division of Asthma, Allergy & Lung Biology, King's College London, MRC & Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, London, UK. - - 2012
This review highlights the progress made in food allergy (FA) and anaphylaxis research in pediatrics published in the journal Pediatric Allergy and Immunology since 2010. Putative risk factors for FA are as follows: a family history of allergic disease, particularly in the mother, low birth order, season of birth, and ...
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