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Results 201 - 250 of 3796
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Cekmen M B - - 2012
BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) is among the most important problems in renal transplant recipients. This report presented an assessment of treatment with a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, ciprofloxacin, for 6 months in a 21-year-old male patient who developed BKVN after transplantation. Ciprofloxacin treatment reduced the viral load and improved the clinical findings.
Lajkó Eszter - - 2012
As the unicellular ciliate, Tetrahymena has insulin receptors and produces insulin itself, which can regulate its glucose metabolism and other cell functions, in the present experiments the feed-back, the effect of glucose on the insulin binding and insulin production was studied. The cells were kept partly in tryptone-yeast medium, partly ...
Kornfeld Jan-Wilhelm - - 2012
Brown adipose tissue is intensively researched owing to its role in regulating energy and glucose homeostasis. Its differentiation is controlled through adrenergic-dependent regulation of the transcriptional co-regulator Prdm16. Adrenergic stimulation inhibits expression of miR-133a/b in a Mef2c-dependent manner to abrogate post-transcriptional silencing of Prdm16.
Malyszko J - - 2012
Anemia is more prevalent in allograft recipients compared with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) matched patients with chronic kidney diseases. There is a paucity of data concerning the correction of anemia in the posttransplant period with erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA). The aim of this study was to compare the iron status, kidney ...
Ozcan Ayhan - - 2012
Context.-The diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains problematic, especially in the context of metastasis or small-needle biopsies. PAX2 and PAX8 transcription factors are known to be expressed by several histologic types of renal neoplasms. Objective.-To evaluate the diagnostic utility of PAX2 and PAX8 relative to one another, which has ...
Odronic Shelley I - - 2012
We present 2 cases of Cokeromyces recurvatus in routine, liquid-based Papanicolaou tests (ThinPrep). Patient 1 is a healthy, asymptomatic, 26-year-old woman with no pertinent past medical history. Patient 2 is a healthy, asymptomatic, 47-year-old woman with no pertinent past medical history. The Papanicolaou tests from both patients showed many fungal-like ...
Watanabe Masaki - - 2012
Objectives -We performed this study to identify echogenicity changes in clots and their correlations with histologic characteristics over time. Methods -B-mode sonography was performed at 2, 6, 24, and 48 hours after clot formation in venous blood from healthy donors. Analysis of echogenicity was performed by grayscale median measurement with ...
Sun J - - 2012
Mutations in the UL97 gene are a major mechanism of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) resistance to gancyclovir (GCV). Some mutations may show different regional distributions. To analyze UL97 mutations in Chinese people, we scanned the UL97 gene fragment among virus isolates from 27 infants as well as blood samples from 28 ...
Walts Ann E - - 2012
Context.-Frozen sections can help determine the extent of surgery by distinguishing in situ, minimally invasive, and invasive adenocarcinoma of the lung. Objective.-To evaluate our experience with the frozen section diagnosis of these lesions using root-cause analysis. Design.-Frozen sections from 224 consecutive primary pulmonary adenocarcinomas (in situ, 27 [12.1%]; minimally invasive, ...
Friedman Talia - - 2012
Chronic peripheral nerve pain is a common problem that can arise from numerous causes, for which neurolysis is a therapeutic option. It is postulated that cryotherapy will have less adverse events than other methods of nerve ablation. A retrospective case series review was performed in patients who had undergone sonographically ...
Yang H - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and psychosocial factors that could influenced them toward living related kidney donation among the relatives of renal failure patients in a renal transplant center in central China. A validated questionnaire was self-administered and completed anonymously. The questionnaire completion rate was ...
Marschalek J - - 2012
In this case report we have described a patient suffering from sclerosing cholangitis, diabetes mellitus type I, and consequent end-stage renal disease who was successfully treated with simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation 9 years after orthotopic liver transplantation.
Greco Cesare - - 2012
Heart failure and myocardial infarction result in considerable consumption of healthcare resources. Therefore, there is interest in the availability of drug therapies that can favorably modify their prognosis in the post-acute phase, reducing mortality and rehospitalization rates. Aldosterone antagonists represent a class of drugs which offer advantages in these settings, ...
Zaki Gehan R - - 2012
Street of Alexandria have numerous unplanned, mixed, and noisy activities that may interfere with public health and comfort. The aim of this study was to assess A-weighted ambient noise levels in urban residential streets of Eastern Alexandria, Egypt, from September 2010 to January 2011, with the objective of recommending corrective ...
Emanuele Umberto - - 2012
The main aim of this study was to compare the freely chosen cadence (FCC) and the cadence at which the blood lactate concentration at constant power output is minimized (optimal cadence [Copt]). The second aim was to examine the effect of a concomitant change of road incline and body position ...
Fischer Bernard A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The history of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) reflects the larger history of American psychiatry. As the field anticipates DSM-5, it is useful to take stock of this history and consider not only how diagnosis impacts our understanding of mental illness but also how contemporary ...
Eswara Manoja B K - - 2012
Utp8p is an essential nucleolar protein that channels aminoacyl-tRNAs from aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in the nucleolus to the nuclear tRNA export receptors located in the nucleoplasm and nuclear pore complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . Utp8p is also part of the U3 snoRNA-associated protein complex involved in 18S rRNA biogenesis in the ...
Varga Zoltán G - - 2012
Antibiotics are usually studied on pure cultures of a single bacterial strain, whereas multi-species communities that inhabit human niches and the biosphere are generally ignored. The modification of quorum sensing (QS) is investigated in a system involving a co-existing signal producer and sensor bacterial cells. A pure culture of merely ...
A Abd-El Hamid Shaimaa - - 2012
Thermal management of the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant (<1500 g) is a cornerstone of neonatology because thermal stress is an important determinant of survival. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of applying polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping to prevent hypothermia during resuscitation at birth ...
Gonçalves C E B - - 2012
The theory of deliberate practice postulates that experts are always made, not born. This theory translated to the youth-sport domain means that if athletes want to be high-level performers, they need to deliberately engage in practice during the specialization years, spending time wisely and always focusing on tasks that challenge ...
Cagle Philip T - - 2012
Context.-The advent of genotype-based therapy and predictive biomarkers for lung cancer has thrust the pathologist into the front lines of precision medicine for this deadly disease. Objective.-To provide the clinical background, current status, and future perspectives of molecular targeted therapy for lung cancer patients, including the pivotal participation of the ...
Chen Ke - - 2012
Ultrasound vibrometry can measure the propagation velocity of shear waves in soft tissue noninvasively, and the shear moduli of tissue can be estimated inversely from the velocities at multiple frequencies. It is possible to choose the appropriate model for tissue characterization from mathematical methods and analysis of model behaviors. The ...
Luan Ying - - 2012
A comparison between phospholipid-coated microbubbles with and without liposomes attached to the microbubble surface was performed using the ultra-high-speed imaging camera (Brandaris 128). We investigated 73 liposome-loaded microbubbles (loaded microbubbles) and 41 microbubbles without liposome loading (unloaded microbubbles) with a diameter ranging from 3-10 μm at frequencies ranging from 0.6-3.8 ...
Mohamad Nora A - - 2012
Radiotherapy may be used to treat pancreatic cancer and relieve pain. We have previously reported that histamine modulates pancreatic adenocarcinoma PANC-1 cell proliferation. This work was aimed to evaluate whether histamine improves radiosensitivity of PANC-1 cells in relation to phosphorylation/inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β). Immediately after γ irradiation, intracellular ...
Robert Rhonda - - 2012
This study's goal was to describe and begin to understand the experience of bereaved parents whose deceased child had received pediatric oncology services at a tertiary comprehensive cancer center. Focus groups were conducted with parents whose children were age 10 years and older at the time of death. Potential participants ...
Okay Sezer - - 2012
Pasteurella multocida is a pathogenic bacterium causing many diseases that are of significant economic importance to livestock industries. Outer membrane protein H (ompH) gene and two fragments of Pasteurella lipoprotein E (plpE) gene, namely plpEN and plpEC, were cloned from P. multocida A:3. Three DNA vaccine formulations, namely pCMV-ompH, pCMV-plpEN-ompH ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2012
Hypertension is responsible for a relevant burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although several appropriate and integrated pharmacological strategies are available, blood pressure control still remains largely unsatisfactory. Failure to achieve effective blood pressure control in treated hypertensive patients may have a substantial impact on overall cardiovascular risk, since ...
Hashish Mona H - - 2012
Individuals can be exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through inadequately or improperly sterilized medical or dental equipment. The aim of this study was to detect HCV RNA in the dental setting in Alexandria, Egypt. The study included 100 samples collected from five dental clinics (A-E) in Alexandria. ...
Cotovio P - - 2012
Immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) in renal transplantation is associated with chronic graft dysfunction, increased cardiovascular risk, and malignancies. Everolimus (EVR) appears to permit a CNI-sparing regimen among stable kidney recipients. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of conversion from CNI to EVR. This ...
Al Maaitah Emad F - - 2012
Our objective was to assess the effects of miniscrews on interproximal alveolar bone density and adjacent gingival tissue health. Forty-four titanium miniscrews were inserted between maxillary second premolars and first molars on both sides of the dentition in 22 consecutive patients (15 female, 7 male; ages, 14-24 years). A control ...
Sant'anna Eduardo Franzotti - - 2012
Tooth impaction involves factors such as lack of space in the alveolar process, trauma, ankylosis, and mechanical barriers such as abnormal frenum, supernumerary teeth, tumors, and local cysts. When impaction occurs in the anterior region, esthetics are compromised. This report describes the successful approach to treatment for a young boy ...
Dang-Nguyen Thanh Quang - - 2012
Abstract Although telomeres are elongated during morula-to-blastocyst transition in cloned embryos, it is still unknown whether donor cell types have any effect on this elongation. In the present study, we examined the changes of telomere length during morula-to-blastocyst transition in cloned porcine embryos using different types of donor cells. Porcine ...
Cadell Susan - - 2012
Pediatric palliative care is an evolving field of practice in social work. As such, research plays a critical role in informing best social work practices in this area. For parents, caring for a child with a life-limiting illness (LLI) is a stressful experience that compounds the usual challenges of parenting. ...
Yazbek D C - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is extremely high among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), particularly in the first months after transplantation. Few data are available comparing the cardiovascular profile between KTRs from living versus deceased donors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of CVD in the first ...
Memmi Naim - - 2012
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are highly frequent mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract, which mainly affect the stomach and small intestine. GISTs frequently exist with unclear symptoms. Their initial clinical presentation as acute abdomen due to their perforation is particularly rare. In the present study we report a case of ...
Sugimoto Katsutoshi - - 2012
Objectives The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess the contrast kinetics of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2)-targeted microbubbles (BR55; Bracco Suisse, Geneva, Switzerland) compared to clinically used microbubbles (SonoVue; Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy) in both normal liver and human hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft tumors in mice. Methods ...
Liu Xin - - 2012
We describe a combined pars plana-limbal approach using a 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy system for removal of congenital cataracts in a 5-month-old boy. The operated eye had anterior capsulotomy, lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy through a pars plana transconjunctival incision created with a 25-gauge trocar. A limbal port incision ...
Piñero David P - - 2012
The increasing volume of patients interested in refractive surgery and the new treatment options available for keratoconus have generated a higher interest in achieving a better characterization of this pathology. The ophthalmic devices for corneal analysis and diagnosis have experienced a rapid development during the past decade with the implementation ...
Hao W-J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab, antithymocyte globulin (ATG), and daclizumab for induction therapy in organ transplantation. We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases to identify randomized controlled trials that compared alemtzumab, ATG, and daclizumab for induction therapy in kidney as well as ...
Burkhalter F - - 2012
Immunosuppressive maintenance therapy after kidney transplantation leads to various undesired side effects such as calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-associated nephrotoxicity or elevated cardiovascular risk due to posttransplantation diabetes and hypertension. These effects show negative impacts on long-term allograft function as well as patient morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we used an immunosuppressive regimen ...
Güell Jose L - - 2012
We present a 14-year-old boy with a history of advanced keratoconus in the left eye. Two 400 μm intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) (Intacs) were implanted on the 140-degree meridian at a depth of 400 μm in the left eye using the suction-guided manual dissection technique. While the temporal segment ...
Matic I - - 2012
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a peptide involved in the regulation of appetite and energy homeostasis. Genetic data indicates that NPY decreases bone formation via central and peripheral activities. NPY is produced by various cell types including osteocytes and osteoblasts and there is evidence suggesting that peripheral NPY is important for ...
Holstein Joerg H - - 2012
An elevated serum concentration of homocysteine (hyperhomocysteinemia) has been shown to disturb fracture healing. As the essential amino acid, methionine, is a precursor of homocysteine, we aimed to investigate whether excess methionine intake affects bone repair. We analyzed bone repair in 2 groups of mice. One group was fed a ...
Demiryilmaz Ismail - - 2012
Oxidative liver injury occurring with methotrexate restricts its use in the desired dose. Therefore, whether or not thiamine and thiamine pyrophosphate, whose antioxidant activity is known, have protective effects on oxidative liver injury generated with methotrexate was comparatively researched in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Thiamine pyrophosphate+methotrexate, thiamine+methotrexate, and ...
Bae Sung Kwan - - 2012
Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion is an important hallmark in the natural course of chronic hepatitis B. This study was designed to predict early HBeAg seroconversion within 1 year, by not only biochemical and virological markers, but also pathological parameters in patients with chronic hepatitis B. In a retrospective ...
Tanaka Masaaki - - 2012
A depressive state is a common symptom in the elderly and often accompanies cognitive impairment. The coexistence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment is a serious problem, as it increases adverse outcomes for health, functional status, and mortality. It would thus be of great value to clarify the cognitive dysfunction ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2012
Common biological features between cancer and atherosclerosis suggest possible association of p53 with atherosclerotic diseases, but data on such a relationship are controversial, suggesting interactions with other variables. Acid phosphatase locus 1 (ACPACP₁) is a polymorphic gene that controls the synthesis of an enzyme involved in important metabolic functions. Since ...
Andree Christoph - - 2012
Currently about 70% of women who suffer from breast cancer undergo breast-conserving therapy (BCT) without removing the entire breast. Thus, this surgical approach is the standard therapy for primary breast cancer. If corrections are necessary, the breast surgeon is faced with irritated skin and higher risks of complications in wound ...
Turgutalp Kenan - - 2012
The clinical features, outcome and cost burden of community-acquired hypernatremia (CAH) in elderly and very elderly patients are not well known. Our aim was to investigate the etiologies, reasons for admission, clinical courses, outcomes, complications, and cost assessments of the elderly patients with CAH. We conducted a retrospective study in ...
Cichoż-Lach Halina - - 2012
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a very wide clinical spectrum. Advanced fibrosis that accompanies disease leads to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, identification of patients with advanced fibrosis is essential. The aim of the present study was to compare the usefulness of NAFLD fibrosis and ...
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