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Tayel Dalia I - - 2012
There is insufficient information on the usage of dietary supplements among Egyptians. The aim of this study was to identify the pattern of dietary supplement usage among employees of Alexandria University. A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out on 500 staff members, clerks, and workers of Alexandria University. The sample ...
Elias George P - - 2012
The authors investigated the efficacy of a single exposure to 14 min of cold-water immersion (COLD) and contrast water therapy (CWT) on posttraining recovery in Australian football (AF). Fourteen AF players participated in 3 wk of standardized training. After week 1 training, all players completed a passive recovery (PAS). During ...
Mehta Akshita - - 2012
Lipases catalyze the hydrolysis and the synthesis of esters formed from glycerol and long chain fatty acids. Lipases occur widely in nature, but only microbial lipases are commercially significant. In the present study, thirty-two bacterial strains, isolated from soil sample of a hot spring were screened for lipase production. The ...
Pullen Suzanne - - 2012
This qualitative study analyzed stillbirth notification messages recalled by parents who strongly agreed (n = 47) and strongly disagreed (n = 43) that the way news about the death of their infant was delivered negatively impacted their grieving process. Three message elements formed a core stillbirth notification experience (delay of news delivery; expression of ...
Kaysi S - - 2012
Our purpose was to compare the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) according to Kidney Disease Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) recommendations in kidney transplanted patients (T) and nontransplanted ones (NT). Data concerning CKD complications were collected retrospectively. Patients seen in consultations in our department from May 2009 to June 2010 were ...
Ling Gui-Qin - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that pluripotency-associated transcription factors, such as Oct3/4, Nanog and Sox2, play a crucial role in the development and malignant progression of various types of tumors. Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among females, being a heterogeneous disease, with distinct morphologies, metastatic behavior and therapeutic responses. ...
De Munck Jan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: A dental adhesive without small and hydrophilic monomers such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) would be beneficial in order to avoid contact allergies. However, these monomers are important to increase infiltration and polymerization of the adhesive. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Remke Stacy S - - 2012
This article explores themes related to team development in pediatric palliative care. A review of the literature, observations from the field, and an analysis of dynamics from the point of view of the social work knowledge base are included. Recommendations for team development and sustainability are shared.
Zhao Z - - 2012
Soluble fibrinogen-like protein 2 (sfgl2), which is mainly secreted by T cells, is a novel effector of regulatory T cells with immunosuppressive functions. The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of sfgl2 among renal allograft recipients. From November 2010 to August 2011 we retrospectively divided 47 renal ...
Zhao Rongrong - - 2012
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver is rare. It has a high malignancy rate and poor prognosis, and survival is typically no longer than one year. The pathogenesis of the disease is unclear, but is generally considered to be correlated with the long-term inflammation or metaplasia of biliary epithelial ...
Weekes Anthony J - - 2012
Objectives Rapid bedside assessment of left ventricular (LV) function can aid in the evaluation of the critically ill patient and guide clinical management. Our primary hypothesis was that mitral valve E-point septal separation measurements would correlate with contemporaneous fractional shortening measurements of LV systolic function when performed by emergency physicians. ...
Wan Q Q - - 2012
Bacteremia remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after kidney transplantation. The present study was conducted to determine the influence of the polymorphisms of interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β) and IL-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL-1RN) on the susceptibility to bacteremia within the first year after kidney transplantation. Twenty-one bacteremic and ...
Le Floc'h Simon - - 2012
Plaque elasticity (i.e., modulogram) and morphology are good predictors of plaque vulnerability. Recently, our group developed an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) elasticity reconstruction method which was successfully implemented in vitro using vessel phantoms. In vivo IVUS modulography, however, remains a major challenge as the motion of the heart prevents accurate strain field estimation. ...
Wang Ji-Wen - - 2012
Mutations of the gene encoding the α1 subunit of neuronal sodium channel, SCN1A, are reported to cause Dravet syndrome (DS). The prevalence of mutations reported in such studies (mainly in clinically confirmed DS) seems high enough to make genetic diagnosis feasible. In fact, commercially operating genetic diagnostic laboratories offering genetic ...
Hansen Ernst A - - 2012
The authors tested whether heavy strength training, including hip-flexion exercise, would reduce the extent of the phase in the crank revolution where negative or retarding crank torque occurs. Negative torque normally occurs in the upstroke phase when the leg is lifted by flexing the hip. Eighteen well-trained cyclists either performed ...
Guzmán J A - - 2012
This article aims to describe an original technique to correct refluxing native ureters observed during a prerenal transplantation study. The correction is performed by intravesical ligation of the native refluxing ureters at the same time as renal transplantation without simultaneous nephrectomy. Between January 2004 and December 2010 we performed intravesical ...
Mele Donato - - 2012
Ejection fraction (EF) is the most widely used instrumental parameter in clinical cardiology for the evaluation of left ventricular systolic function and prognostic stratification of various cardiac diseases, including ischemic heart disease and heart failure. EF has some advantages but also many limitations, which may favor an incorrect use of ...
Schmidt Lindsay A - - 2012
Context.-Sclerosing hemangiomas (SH) are lung tumors characterized by surface cuboidal cells and round stromal cells. The cell of origin remains controversial, though immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies suggest primitive respiratory epithelium. Napsin A, a human aspartic proteinase found primarily in type II pneumocytes and alveolar macrophages, is emerging as a helpful ...
Wang Pan - - 2012
Objectives -This study investigated the bioeffects of ultrasound with a frequency of 1.1 MHz on human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line K562. Methods -Membrane potential changes were evaluated by flow cytometry using fluorescent probe bis-(1,3-dibarbituric acid)-trimethine oxanol staining. Other related changes such as potassium ion efflux and intracellular calcium ion ...
Pagonas N - - 2012
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) increase mortality and reduce graft survival after renal transplantation. Strategies to prevent recurrent UTIs include L-methionine, cranberry juice, and antibiotics. Data on the efficacy of cranberry and L-methionine, however, are controversial in the general population; there are few data in renal transplant recipients. We performed ...
Gao Liang - - 2012
Aimed at bridging imaging technology development with cancer diagnosis, this paper first presents the prevailing challenges of lung cancer detection and diagnosis, with an emphasis on imaging techniques. It then elaborates on the working principle of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, along with a description of pathologic applications to show ...
Kirchberger Inge - - 2012
It is unknown whether clinical outcomes differ with specific symptoms of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objective of this study was to investigate the association between 13 self-reported symptoms and 28-day case fatality or long-term all-cause mortality in patients with AMI. The sample consisted of 1,231 men and 415 ...
Goodman Linnea R - - 2012
Objectives Transvaginal sonography is frequently used in the emergency department (ED) to triage pregnancies of unknown location. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of sonography in clinically stable patients with β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) values below the discriminatory zone. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study ...
Orosz Erika - - 2012
Simple real-time PCR assay with one set of primer and probe for rapid, sensitive qualitative and quantitative detection of Entamoeba histolytica has been used. Consensus sequences were used to amplify a species-specific region of the 16S rRNA gene, and fluorescence resonance energy transfer hybridization probes were used for detection in ...
March Samanta M - - 2012
RATIONALE: Animal studies indicate that central acetaldehyde, dependent on catalase metabolism of ethanol (EtOH), modulates ethanol reinforcement. Brain catalase activity and acetaldehyde (ACD) production are significantly higher in rat pups compare d with adults. Interestingly, infant rats show high EtOH affinity for alcohol consumption and are particularly sensitive to the ...
Jett James - - 2012
Lung cancer is the most common cause of death from cancer in the United States. Previous studies of screening with chest radiographs and sputum cytology have not been shown to decrease lung cancer mortality. For the first time, a randomized screening trial with low-dose computed tomography scans has demonstrated a ...
Meller Cesar H - - 2012
Pulmonary agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly, estimated to complicate around 1 per 15,000 pregnancies, in which there is complete absence or severe hypoplasia of one or both lungs, frequently associated with other abnormalities. A prospective prenatal diagnosis is a challenge, and a substantial proportion of cases are diagnosed by ...
Falci R R - - 2012
To report a single center experience with elective surgical patients as living kidney donors. We retrospectively analyzed a prospective database of 458 living kidney donors from September 2005 to May 2011. Fifteen (3.2%) of them were elective surgical patients simultaneously undergoing living donor nephrectomy. We reviewed age, gender, operative time, ...
Liu T - - 2012
In China, fundamental changes in population development have occurred during the past 50 years. The demographic transition in China required only a few years, while in most European countries this process took several decades. The fertility and mortality rates have declined very quickly, like in Japan and South Korea. China is ...
Magnusson Anders - - 2012
The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to evaluate transverse skeletal changes after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. The changes were registered by using a 3-dimensional computerized tomography technique based on superimposition on the anterior base of the skull. The subjects comprised 35 patients (mean age, 19.7 years; range, ...
Abdelaziz Shaimaa B - - 2012
Malnutrition continues to be a significant public health and development concern around the world with about one-third of the world's children malnourished. To identify and determine the risk factors for undernutrition in children between 6 months and 2 years of age attending outpatient clinics of the pediatric hospital, University of ...
Haddiya I - - 2012
Renal transplantation (RT) offers several advantages to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, such as a better quality of life and economic benefits. This study sought to report a 10-year experience of RT in a developing country as well as the barriers to its improvement. The retrospective study included 67 patients ...
Sun Chao - - 2012
An anomalous congenital band is a well-known cause of intestinal obstruction, but it is rare and usually presents a diagnostic challenge. With high-frequency sonography, it is possible for intestinal obstruction due to a vitelline band to be diagnosed preoperatively. We describe the sonographic findings of 2 cases that led us ...
Cekmen M B - - 2012
BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) is among the most important problems in renal transplant recipients. This report presented an assessment of treatment with a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, ciprofloxacin, for 6 months in a 21-year-old male patient who developed BKVN after transplantation. Ciprofloxacin treatment reduced the viral load and improved the clinical findings.
Lajkó Eszter - - 2012
As the unicellular ciliate, Tetrahymena has insulin receptors and produces insulin itself, which can regulate its glucose metabolism and other cell functions, in the present experiments the feed-back, the effect of glucose on the insulin binding and insulin production was studied. The cells were kept partly in tryptone-yeast medium, partly ...
Kornfeld Jan-Wilhelm - - 2012
Brown adipose tissue is intensively researched owing to its role in regulating energy and glucose homeostasis. Its differentiation is controlled through adrenergic-dependent regulation of the transcriptional co-regulator Prdm16. Adrenergic stimulation inhibits expression of miR-133a/b in a Mef2c-dependent manner to abrogate post-transcriptional silencing of Prdm16.
Malyszko J - - 2012
Anemia is more prevalent in allograft recipients compared with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) matched patients with chronic kidney diseases. There is a paucity of data concerning the correction of anemia in the posttransplant period with erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA). The aim of this study was to compare the iron status, kidney ...
Ozcan Ayhan - - 2012
Context.-The diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains problematic, especially in the context of metastasis or small-needle biopsies. PAX2 and PAX8 transcription factors are known to be expressed by several histologic types of renal neoplasms. Objective.-To evaluate the diagnostic utility of PAX2 and PAX8 relative to one another, which has ...
Odronic Shelley I - - 2012
We present 2 cases of Cokeromyces recurvatus in routine, liquid-based Papanicolaou tests (ThinPrep). Patient 1 is a healthy, asymptomatic, 26-year-old woman with no pertinent past medical history. Patient 2 is a healthy, asymptomatic, 47-year-old woman with no pertinent past medical history. The Papanicolaou tests from both patients showed many fungal-like ...
Watanabe Masaki - - 2012
Objectives -We performed this study to identify echogenicity changes in clots and their correlations with histologic characteristics over time. Methods -B-mode sonography was performed at 2, 6, 24, and 48 hours after clot formation in venous blood from healthy donors. Analysis of echogenicity was performed by grayscale median measurement with ...
Sun J - - 2012
Mutations in the UL97 gene are a major mechanism of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) resistance to gancyclovir (GCV). Some mutations may show different regional distributions. To analyze UL97 mutations in Chinese people, we scanned the UL97 gene fragment among virus isolates from 27 infants as well as blood samples from 28 ...
Walts Ann E - - 2012
Context.-Frozen sections can help determine the extent of surgery by distinguishing in situ, minimally invasive, and invasive adenocarcinoma of the lung. Objective.-To evaluate our experience with the frozen section diagnosis of these lesions using root-cause analysis. Design.-Frozen sections from 224 consecutive primary pulmonary adenocarcinomas (in situ, 27 [12.1%]; minimally invasive, ...
Friedman Talia - - 2012
Chronic peripheral nerve pain is a common problem that can arise from numerous causes, for which neurolysis is a therapeutic option. It is postulated that cryotherapy will have less adverse events than other methods of nerve ablation. A retrospective case series review was performed in patients who had undergone sonographically ...
Yang H - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and psychosocial factors that could influenced them toward living related kidney donation among the relatives of renal failure patients in a renal transplant center in central China. A validated questionnaire was self-administered and completed anonymously. The questionnaire completion rate was ...
Marschalek J - - 2012
In this case report we have described a patient suffering from sclerosing cholangitis, diabetes mellitus type I, and consequent end-stage renal disease who was successfully treated with simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation 9 years after orthotopic liver transplantation.
Greco Cesare - - 2012
Heart failure and myocardial infarction result in considerable consumption of healthcare resources. Therefore, there is interest in the availability of drug therapies that can favorably modify their prognosis in the post-acute phase, reducing mortality and rehospitalization rates. Aldosterone antagonists represent a class of drugs which offer advantages in these settings, ...
Zaki Gehan R - - 2012
Street of Alexandria have numerous unplanned, mixed, and noisy activities that may interfere with public health and comfort. The aim of this study was to assess A-weighted ambient noise levels in urban residential streets of Eastern Alexandria, Egypt, from September 2010 to January 2011, with the objective of recommending corrective ...
Emanuele Umberto - - 2012
The main aim of this study was to compare the freely chosen cadence (FCC) and the cadence at which the blood lactate concentration at constant power output is minimized (optimal cadence [Copt]). The second aim was to examine the effect of a concomitant change of road incline and body position ...
Fischer Bernard A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The history of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) reflects the larger history of American psychiatry. As the field anticipates DSM-5, it is useful to take stock of this history and consider not only how diagnosis impacts our understanding of mental illness but also how contemporary ...
Eswara Manoja B K - - 2012
Utp8p is an essential nucleolar protein that channels aminoacyl-tRNAs from aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in the nucleolus to the nuclear tRNA export receptors located in the nucleoplasm and nuclear pore complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . Utp8p is also part of the U3 snoRNA-associated protein complex involved in 18S rRNA biogenesis in the ...
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