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Peng Cheng C Department of Ophthalmology, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Eye Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2012
To determine whether bilateral implantation of an aspheric apodized diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +3.00 diopters (D) results in optical adverse effects compared with an aspheric monofocal IOL.   In a prospective, randomized study of 204 eyes (102 patients) with bilateral implantation of an AcrySof ReSTOR SN6AD1 IOL or ...
Borchers Claudia - - 2012
The human sleep-wake cycle is characterized by significant individual differences. Those differences in the sleep-wake cycle are partially heritable but are also influenced by environmental factors like the light/dark cycle or social habits. In this study we analyse for the first time the sleep-wake rhythm of adolescent pupils and working ...
Magro Serena - - 2012
Background. Exposure of children to passive tobacco smoking in the household setting has been demonstrated to cause respiratory diseases. Early atherosclerosis has also been demonstrated in young people previously exposed to passive tobacco smoking. Functional damage can initiate at the fetal age due to maternal smoking, with a tendency towards ...
Tamosiunas Mindaugas - - 2012
Objectives The efficiency of sonoporation is directly related to microbubble cavitation and can be dependent on the microbubble sonodestruction rate. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the rate of microbubble sonodestruction can be used as a parameter to develop an implicit dosimetric method for sonoporation efficiency evaluation. ...
Choi K H - - 2012
Few studies have evaluated the long-term effects of kidney donation on the donors themselves. This study investigated postoperative renal function stabilization in kidney donors after living-donor transplantation to determine the optimal follow-up period. Between March 2006 and July 2010, 203 patients in our hospital underwent live donor nephrectomy. Renal function ...
Hao W-J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab, antithymocyte globulin (ATG), and daclizumab for induction therapy in organ transplantation. We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases to identify randomized controlled trials that compared alemtzumab, ATG, and daclizumab for induction therapy in kidney as well as ...
Macedo Ana Carolina Lisboa de - - 2012
Phyma is the last stage of rosacea and is due to chronic inflammation and edema. It can affect nose (rhinophyma), chin (gnatophyma), forehead (metophyma), ears (otophyma) and eyelids (blepharophyma). Rhinophyma is the most frequent location and there are few reports about gnatophyma. We report the case of a female patient, ...
Greco Cesare - - 2012
Heart failure and myocardial infarction result in considerable consumption of healthcare resources. Therefore, there is interest in the availability of drug therapies that can favorably modify their prognosis in the post-acute phase, reducing mortality and rehospitalization rates. Aldosterone antagonists represent a class of drugs which offer advantages in these settings, ...
Zaki Gehan R - - 2012
Street of Alexandria have numerous unplanned, mixed, and noisy activities that may interfere with public health and comfort. The aim of this study was to assess A-weighted ambient noise levels in urban residential streets of Eastern Alexandria, Egypt, from September 2010 to January 2011, with the objective of recommending corrective ...
Emanuele Umberto - - 2012
The main aim of this study was to compare the freely chosen cadence (FCC) and the cadence at which the blood lactate concentration at constant power output is minimized (optimal cadence [Copt]). The second aim was to examine the effect of a concomitant change of road incline and body position ...
Campos Marcio José da Silva - - 2012
Orthodontic force application to the teeth is responsible for a series of biological responses in the bone and dentin, which lead to some alterations of the mineral density of the tissues. Our objective was determine, through cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), the mineral density of the apical third of the roots ...
Yamashita Thamy - - 2012
This paper reviews the diagnostic and classificatory concepts of mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome in light of the latest normative publications. It describes the great variability of the clinical expression of mycosis fungoides in its early stages as well as the histopathological and immunohistochemical aspects that help with diagnosis. The ...
Ortega Adam J Aj - - 2012
Orthodontists have used various compliance-dependent physical means such as headgears and intraoral appliances to prevent anchorage loss. The aim of this study was to determine whether 1 local application of the bisphosphonate zoledronate could be used to prevent anchorage loss during extraction space closure in rats. Thirty rats had their ...
Paris Joel - - 2012
Dissociative identity disorder (DID), once considered rare, was frequently diagnosed during the 1980s and 1990s, after which interest declined. This is the trajectory of a medical fad. DID was based on poorly conceived theories and used potentially damaging treatment methods. The problem continues, given that the DSM-5 includes DID and ...
Demiryilmaz Ismail - - 2012
Oxidative liver injury occurring with methotrexate restricts its use in the desired dose. Therefore, whether or not thiamine and thiamine pyrophosphate, whose antioxidant activity is known, have protective effects on oxidative liver injury generated with methotrexate was comparatively researched in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Thiamine pyrophosphate+methotrexate, thiamine+methotrexate, and ...
Byatt Nancy N Department of Psychiatry and Ob/Gyn, UMass Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. - - 2012
To identify core barriers and facilitators to addressing perinatal depression and review clinical, programmatic, and system level interventions that may optimize perinatal depression treatment. Eighty-four MEDLINE/PubMed searches were conducted using the terms perinatal depression, postpartum depression, antenatal depression, and prenatal depression in association with 21 other terms. Of 7768 papers ...
Hadimioglu N - - 2012
Choice of the anesthestic technique can reduce or even eliminate stress responses to surgery and decrease the incidence of complications. Our aim was to compare a combination of epidural anesthesia+general anesthesia with general anesthesia alone as regards perioperative insulin resistance and inflammatory activation among renal transplant recipients. Forty-six nondiabetic patients ...
Hariri Lida P - - 2012
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a nondestructive, high-resolution imaging modality, providing cross-sectional, architectural images at near histologic resolutions, with penetration depths up to a few millimeters. Optical frequency domain imaging is a second-generation OCT technology that has equally high resolution with significantly increased image acquisition speeds and allows for large ...
Bahner David P - - 2012
Undergraduate ultrasound education is becoming increasingly important to medical student development; as a result, innovative training methods are being designed and implemented. The Ultrasound Challenge was created to help students learn core ultrasound techniques and apply them in a friendly competition where they showcase their abilities. The Ultrasound Challenge consisted ...
Caraciolo Fabiana Beserra - - 2012
Staphylococcus aureus has a notable ability to acquire resistance to antibiotics, and methicillin resistance represents a growing public health problem. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has also become important outside the hospital environment, particularly in the United States. In Brazil, since 2005, cases of community skin infections caused by MRSA have ...
Yu Wonjae - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress state in the cortical bone around an orthodontic microimplant during and after the insertion surgery. The self-tapping insertion of an orthodontic microimplant into 1-mm-thick cortical bone containing a predrilled hole was simulated by using a 3-dimensional finite element method. The ...
Zaki Gehan R - - 2012
Safety performance evaluation enables decision makers improve safety acts. In Sudan, accident records, statistics, and safety performance were not evaluated before maintenance of accident records became mandatory in 2005. This study aimed at evaluating and comparing safety performance by accident records among different cities and industrial sectors in Khartoum state, ...
Wunderlich Stephanie - - 2012
Abstract Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) represent a novel cell source for regenerative therapies. Many emerging iPSC-based therapeutic concepts will require preclinical evaluation in suitable large animal models. Among the large animal species frequently used in preclinical efficacy and safety studies, macaques show the highest similarities to humans at physiological, ...
Lee Jeong-Hyun - - 2012
We examined the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) to investigate the pathophysiology and mechanism of communicating hydrocephalus compared to obstructive hydrocephalus. We obtained CSF samples from 8 INPH, 10 SAH-induced hydrocephalus, and 6 unmatched patients with non-hemorrhagic obstructive hydrocephalus during their ...
Liu Sean Shih-Yao - - 2012
Microdamage reduces bone mechanical properties and thus could contribute to implant failure. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the diameter of mini-implants affects linear microcrack generation and whether this differs between the mandible and the maxilla because of their contrasting cortical thicknesses. Maxillary and mandibular quadrants of ...
Cicho┼╝-Lach Halina - - 2012
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a very wide clinical spectrum. Advanced fibrosis that accompanies disease leads to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, identification of patients with advanced fibrosis is essential. The aim of the present study was to compare the usefulness of NAFLD fibrosis and ...
Cadell Susan - - 2012
Pediatric palliative care is an evolving field of practice in social work. As such, research plays a critical role in informing best social work practices in this area. For parents, caring for a child with a life-limiting illness (LLI) is a stressful experience that compounds the usual challenges of parenting. ...
Yazbek D C - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is extremely high among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), particularly in the first months after transplantation. Few data are available comparing the cardiovascular profile between KTRs from living versus deceased donors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of CVD in the first ...
Memmi Naim - - 2012
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are highly frequent mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract, which mainly affect the stomach and small intestine. GISTs frequently exist with unclear symptoms. Their initial clinical presentation as acute abdomen due to their perforation is particularly rare. In the present study we report a case of ...
Mesquita Kleyton de Carvalho Kde - - 2012
Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans is a rare mucocutaneous dermatosis characterized by pustular and vegetating lesions of the skin and oral mucosa. It is considered a highly specific marker for inflammatory bowel diseases. The authors describe a case of pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans in a pediatric patient who presented marked clinical improvement after beginning treatment ...
Munthe-Kaas Monica Cheng - - 2012
Several CD14 gene-environment interactions in relation to the development of allergic diseases have been reported, but the underlying biological mechanisms are unclear. We recently showed that CD14 methylation increased during childhood, parallelling a decreased impact of CD14 polymorphisms on soluble CD14 levels. Here, we aim to explore whether environmental stimuli ...
Ruiz Danilo Garcia - - 2012
HLA-B27 is associated with spondyloarthritis, a group of diseases that includes psoriatic arthritis. To describe the HLA-B27 frequency in a group of Brazilian patients with psoriatic arthritis and correlate its presence or absence with their clinical manifestations. Cross-sectional study with 44 psoriatic arthritis patients of a Rheumatology clinic. Demographic and ...
Rosmaninho Aristóteles - - 2012
Proliferating trichilemmal tumor is a rare tumor originating in the external root sheath, that is usually found in the scalp of middle-aged or elderly females. Its histologic appearance may not correlate with its clinical behavior. In addition, there are no guidelines available for the treatment of these tumors, making its ...
El-Rayis Osman A - - 2012
Alamein Marina Lagoon is one of six lagoons, lying on the Egyptian Mediterranean Coast. Between 1988 and 1995, a large-scale recreational compound called Alamein Marina Touristic Village was established to contain most of these lakes. The study aims to assess the quality of Alamein Marina Lagoon water in an attempt ...
Lee Se-Yong - - 2012
Multiple carcinoid tumors of the small intestine are rare and are very difficult to detect preoperatively. A 75-year-old woman in whom the bleeding focus could not be found by upper and lower endoscopy and abdominal CT was admitted for evaluation of anemia. We examined the patient with total double-balloon endoscopy ...
Tzvetanov I - - 2012
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) typically occurs early after transplantation in approximately 5%-7% of recipients. The literature reports suggest that 12%-37% of kidney transplant recipients with acute AMR do not respond to treatment and eventually lose their grafts. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for ...
Varga Zoltán G - - 2012
Antibiotics are usually studied on pure cultures of a single bacterial strain, whereas multi-species communities that inhabit human niches and the biosphere are generally ignored. The modification of quorum sensing (QS) is investigated in a system involving a co-existing signal producer and sensor bacterial cells. A pure culture of merely ...
Breunig Juliano de Avelar Jde - - 2012
Harlequin syndrome happens in only one side of the face. In the affected half, the face does not sweat or flush even with simulation. Arms and trunk could also be affected. This condition is induced by heat, exercise and emotional factors. The article reports a case of a nine-year-old female ...
Gavazzi Antonello A U.S.C. di Cardiologia, Dipartimento Cardiovascolare, Ospedali Riuniti Bergamo. - - 2012
The natural history of heart failure (HF) is characterized by a progressive decline in functional capacity, punctuated by acute heart destabilization episodes which contribute to a spiraling worsening course. Advanced HF affects one in four patients who are referred to the hospital for the syndrome and has an estimated yearly ...
A Abd-El Hamid Shaimaa - - 2012
Thermal management of the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant (<1500 g) is a cornerstone of neonatology because thermal stress is an important determinant of survival. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of applying polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping to prevent hypothermia during resuscitation at birth ...
Gonçalves C E B - - 2012
The theory of deliberate practice postulates that experts are always made, not born. This theory translated to the youth-sport domain means that if athletes want to be high-level performers, they need to deliberately engage in practice during the specialization years, spending time wisely and always focusing on tasks that challenge ...
Józefik Barbara - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess attitudes towards eating as measured by the Eating Attitude Test (EAT26) among mothers of girls diagnosed with various types of eating disorders, in comparison with mothers of depressive girls and their relationship with daughters' results 14 years after the beginning of the ...
Ramos Willy - - 2012
Pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering disease. According to a report, in areas of endemic pemphigus foliaceus (EPF) in Peru there are cases of pemphigus vulgaris with epidemiologic, clinical and histopathologic characteristics similar to those of "endemic pemphigus vulgaris" (EPV) in Brazil. To determine the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of endemic ...
Fischer Bernard A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Prejudice and stigma against people with mental illness can be seen throughout history. The worst instance of this prejudice was connected to the rise of the eugenics movement in the early 20th century. Although the Nazi German T-4 program of killing people with mental illness was the most egregious ...
Cheraghi Nikoo - - 2012
Vitamin D has been associated with multiple cardiometabolic risk factors in children but there is a paucity of studies examining its correlation to vascular function and structure. Our objective was to determine whether there is a correlation between vitamin D, cardiometabolic risk, vascular distensibility and carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) ...
Kallel Imen - - 2012
Background: Estrogen receptors (ER) belong to the super-family of the nuclear hormone receptors which act as ligand-regulated transcription factor to control a diverse set of essentials functions, such as growth development, metabolism, and reproduction. Though, the involvement of these receptors in several diseases including cancer was shown in numerous studies. ...
Burkhalter F - - 2012
Immunosuppressive maintenance therapy after kidney transplantation leads to various undesired side effects such as calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-associated nephrotoxicity or elevated cardiovascular risk due to posttransplantation diabetes and hypertension. These effects show negative impacts on long-term allograft function as well as patient morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we used an immunosuppressive regimen ...
Plate Annika - - 2012
We present a novel approach to transcranial B-mode sonography for Parkinson's disease (PD) diagnosis by using 3-D ultrasound (3-DUS). We reconstructed bilateral 3-DUS volumes of the midbrain and substantia nigra echogenicities (SNE) and report results of a more objective abnormality detection in (PD). For classification, we analyzed volumetric measurements of ...
Piñero David P - - 2012
The increasing volume of patients interested in refractive surgery and the new treatment options available for keratoconus have generated a higher interest in achieving a better characterization of this pathology. The ophthalmic devices for corneal analysis and diagnosis have experienced a rapid development during the past decade with the implementation ...
Fontes Adelina M - - 2012
Maxillary impaction and bimaxillary osteotomies are used to treat anterior open-bite malocclusions but can have adverse soft-tissue effects. Correcting an anterior open bite with a single mandibular procedure avoids these undesirable soft-tissue effects, but the stability of this procedure is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the ...
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