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Barabás-Hajdu EnikÅ‘ - - 2012
Myiasis is caused by the larval stages of flies feeding on live or dead mammalian tissues and fluids. Human cases involving the genitourinary system are very rare and present with unusual symptoms.We report the case of a male, 25-year-old shepherd who underwent a surgical intervention on his urinary tract for ...
Winterhalder L - - 2012
Objectives: To determine longitudinal changes in trabecular volumetric BMD (vBMD) at tibia and radius in young depressive patients under antidepressants using pQCT. Methods: PQCT data on 26 patients (22 females, 4 males) on serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI), and 14 patients (12 females, 2 males) on non-SSRI (10 SNRI, 4 TCA) ...
Giuca Maria Rita - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare skeletal maturation in obese patients and in subjects of normal weight to evaluate the best timing for orthopedic and orthodontic treatment. The null hypothesis was that obese and normal-weight patients show similar degrees of skeletal maturation. The sample for this retrospective study ...
Zu Rhein Gabriele M - - 2012
EDITORS' INTRODUCTION: The following reminiscence by Gabriele M. Zu Rhein is the seventh autobiography in a series published in the Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology. These have been solicited from senior members of the neuropathology community who have been noted leaders and contributors to neuroscience and to the American ...
He Jin-Jie - - 2012
Recently, the coexistence of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) with other neoplasms has been studied with increasing frequency. Coexistence of pancreatic cancer with GISTs remains a rarity; however, here, we report a very rare case of adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the uncinate process of the pancreas with synchronous GISTs of the ...
Magro Serena - - 2012
Background. Exposure of children to passive tobacco smoking in the household setting has been demonstrated to cause respiratory diseases. Early atherosclerosis has also been demonstrated in young people previously exposed to passive tobacco smoking. Functional damage can initiate at the fetal age due to maternal smoking, with a tendency towards ...
Tamosiunas Mindaugas - - 2012
Objectives The efficiency of sonoporation is directly related to microbubble cavitation and can be dependent on the microbubble sonodestruction rate. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the rate of microbubble sonodestruction can be used as a parameter to develop an implicit dosimetric method for sonoporation efficiency evaluation. ...
Choi K H - - 2012
Few studies have evaluated the long-term effects of kidney donation on the donors themselves. This study investigated postoperative renal function stabilization in kidney donors after living-donor transplantation to determine the optimal follow-up period. Between March 2006 and July 2010, 203 patients in our hospital underwent live donor nephrectomy. Renal function ...
Yu Wonjae - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress state in the cortical bone around an orthodontic microimplant during and after the insertion surgery. The self-tapping insertion of an orthodontic microimplant into 1-mm-thick cortical bone containing a predrilled hole was simulated by using a 3-dimensional finite element method. The ...
Zaki Gehan R - - 2012
Safety performance evaluation enables decision makers improve safety acts. In Sudan, accident records, statistics, and safety performance were not evaluated before maintenance of accident records became mandatory in 2005. This study aimed at evaluating and comparing safety performance by accident records among different cities and industrial sectors in Khartoum state, ...
Wunderlich Stephanie - - 2012
Abstract Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) represent a novel cell source for regenerative therapies. Many emerging iPSC-based therapeutic concepts will require preclinical evaluation in suitable large animal models. Among the large animal species frequently used in preclinical efficacy and safety studies, macaques show the highest similarities to humans at physiological, ...
Fischer Bernard A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Prejudice and stigma against people with mental illness can be seen throughout history. The worst instance of this prejudice was connected to the rise of the eugenics movement in the early 20th century. Although the Nazi German T-4 program of killing people with mental illness was the most egregious ...
Kallel Imen - - 2012
Background: Estrogen receptors (ER) belong to the super-family of the nuclear hormone receptors which act as ligand-regulated transcription factor to control a diverse set of essentials functions, such as growth development, metabolism, and reproduction. Though, the involvement of these receptors in several diseases including cancer was shown in numerous studies. ...
Plate Annika - - 2012
We present a novel approach to transcranial B-mode sonography for Parkinson's disease (PD) diagnosis by using 3-D ultrasound (3-DUS). We reconstructed bilateral 3-DUS volumes of the midbrain and substantia nigra echogenicities (SNE) and report results of a more objective abnormality detection in (PD). For classification, we analyzed volumetric measurements of ...
Knechtle Beat - - 2012
Ultramarathon running is increasingly popular. An ultramarathon is defined as a running event involving distances longer than the length of a traditional marathon of 42.195 km. In ultramarathon races, ~80% of the finishers are men. Ultramarathoners are typically ~45 y old and achieve their fastest running times between 30 and ...
Prinz Ana - - 2012
To determine the efficacy of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in maintaining corneal hydration and optical clarity. Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Experimental study. In porcine autopsy eyes, the effect of 13 ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVDs) (5 formulations of HPMC; 8 formulations of HA) in ...
Atanasković-Marković Marina - - 2012
Multiple drug hypersensitivity (MDH) has been defined as a hypersensitivity to two or more chemically different drugs. Two types of MDH have been reported: the first one, which develops to different drugs administered simultaneously and the second type, in which sensitizations develop sequentially. In children, studies which diagnose MDH on ...
Weissheimer André - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the precision and accuracy of 6 imaging software programs for measuring upper airway volumes in cone-beam computed tomography data. The sample consisted of 33 growing patients and an oropharynx acrylic phantom, scanned with an i-CAT scanner (Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, Pa). The ...
Conte Giulio - - 2012
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare congenital heart disease with an atrioventricular and ventriculo-arterial discordance in which the morphological right ventricle supports the systemic circulation and the morphological tricuspid valve is the systemic atrioventricular valve. Heart rhythm disturbances and ventricular dysfunction related to electromechanical dyssynchrony ...
Tremoleda J L - - 2012
Introduction: Preclinical studies with osteoprogenitor cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESC) do not lead to substantial bone regeneration in vivo. The degree of survival following implantation might play a role in their long term efficiency. We investigated the initial engraftment of hESCs-derived cells during two weeks post-implantation and ...
Bunn Paul A PA - - 2012
Lung cancer is the leading worldwide cause of cancer deaths. Smoking is the dominant cause of lung cancer and smoking cessation is the established method to reduce lung cancer mortality. While lung cancer risk is reduced in former smokers, they have a lifelong increase in risk, compared to never-smokers. Novel ...
Yan Bin - - 2012
Our objectives were to investigate the prevalence, resorption location and extent, and potential risk factors for impacted canine-associated root resorption (ICARR) in Chinese patients, who, unlike white patients, have predominantly buccal maxillary canine impactions. Pretreatment cone-beam computed tomography scans of 170 Chinese subjects (ages, 12-30 years; mean, 14.5 years) with ...
Hu Haikun - - 2012
This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of an 18-year-old woman with a skeletal Class III malocclusion and a midline deviation. The treatment plan consisted of distalizing the mandibular dentition asymmetrically and producing space for retraction of the mandibular anterior teeth. Short Class III elastics, an open-coil spring, and the ...
Gall Laurence - - 2012
Abstract The somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) procedure requires nuclear remodeling to return differentiated somatic nuclei to the totipotent undifferentiated stage. We hypothesize that mechanical constraints might occur upon SCNT and thereby affect nuclear remodeling. Therefore, we analyzed the nuclear structures upon SCNT using as donors either wild-type fibroblasts with ...
Ramesh R - - 2012
The incorporation of nanoparticles in industrial and biomedical applications has increased significantly in recent years, yet their hazardous and toxic effects have not been studied extensively. While standard toxicological test methods are generally capable of detecting the toxic effects, the choice of relevant methods for nanomaterials is still discussed. Among ...
Rosa B V - - 2012
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of voluntary exercise during pregnancy on maternal post-lactation bone parameters and offspring growth. Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were housed in conventional cages (control), or were housed in raised cages requiring them to rise to an erect, bipedal stance to ...
Nichols Larry - - 2012
Context.-The causes of death for patients with lung cancer are inadequately described. Objective.-To categorize the immediate and contributing causes of death for patients with lung cancer. Design.-The autopsies from 100 patients who died of lung cancer between 1990 and February 2011 were analyzed. Results.-Tumor burden was judged the immediate cause ...
Yao Feng - - 2012
Objectives Benign breast disease has a high prevalence and a substantial impact on women's quality of life. Excisional biopsy is still frequently used for the diagnosis of breast masses in China. We report our experience with percutaneous removal of presumed benign lesions under sonographic guidance with a multidirectional handheld vacuum-assisted ...
Jarvis G Eric - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This article explored the origins and implications of the underdiagnosis of affective disorders in African-Americans. MEDLINE and old collections were searched using relevant key words. Reference lists from the articles that were gathered from this procedure were reviewed. The historical record indicated that the psychiatric perception of African-Americans with ...
Belchis Deborah A - - 2012
Context.-Spontaneous pneumothorax can be idiopathic (primary), or it can occur in association with an underlying predisposing condition (secondary). Spontaneous pneumothorax may be a harbinger of an undiagnosed clinical condition, which may be associated with serious systemic abnormalities, making early recognition and diagnosis important. The pulmonary pathology of some of these ...
Veilleux L N - - 2012
Mechanography is an innovative method to evaluate lower-limb dynamic muscle function. This technique is generally performed on force platforms that measure only the vertical component of ground reaction force (GRF). The underlying assumption is that medio-lateral and antero-posterior forces do not contribute significantly to the GRF in jumping and rising ...
Reñé Ramon - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: We describe 5 patients with complex visual disturbances in the absence of ocular pathology who were ultimately diagnosed with posterior cortical atrophy (PCA). The presence of visual cortical symptoms, neuroimaging findings and clinical evolution led to the diagnosis 1-5 years after the onset of visual symptoms. Age of onset ...
Peng Cheng - - 2012
Purpose:  To determine whether bilateral implantation of an aspheric apodized diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +3.00 diopters (D) results in optical adverse effects compared with an aspheric monofocal IOL. Methods:  In a prospective, randomized study of 204 eyes (102 patients) with bilateral implantation of an AcrySof ReSTOR SN6AD1 IOL ...
Borchers Claudia - - 2012
The human sleep-wake cycle is characterized by significant individual differences. Those differences in the sleep-wake cycle are partially heritable but are also influenced by environmental factors like the light/dark cycle or social habits. In this study we analyse for the first time the sleep-wake rhythm of adolescent pupils and working ...
Stahnisch Frank W - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Originating in the late 19th century, psychiatry and neurology emerged during a period of several decades as two distinct fields of medical inquiry, separate from the study and practice of internal medicine. Around 1900, the German-speaking countries in Europe played an important role in this development. In this article, ...
Kauffmann Francine - - 2012
The concept of gene-environment (GxE) interactions has dramatically evolved in the last century and has now become a central theme in studies that assess the causes of human disease. Despite the numerous efforts to discover genes associated in asthma and allergy through various approaches, including the recent genome-wide association studies, ...
Vitale John - - 2012
Context.-The role of pathologists' assistants (PAs) in terms of surgical and autopsy prosection has been well established; however, the role of PAs in areas beyond surgical and autopsy pathology, such as laboratory administration and management, education, and research, is not so well understood. Objective.-To determine the scope and extent of ...
Zini Chiara - - 2012
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of nondiagnostic fine-needle aspiration biopsy results for post-thyroidectomy bed lesions in patients with thyroid cancer. Methods The Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study with a waiver for informed consent. Twenty-one patients with ...
Ciudin A - - 2012
The rate of right laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (RLLDN) is low among kidney transplantations due to the short renal vein and presumed higher risk of thrombosis. Our objective was to describe a surgical technique to compensate for the shorter veins of these grafts. Between January 2004 and July 2010, we prospectively ...
Fontes Adelina M - - 2012
Maxillary impaction and bimaxillary osteotomies are used to treat anterior open-bite malocclusions but can have adverse soft-tissue effects. Correcting an anterior open bite with a single mandibular procedure avoids these undesirable soft-tissue effects, but the stability of this procedure is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the ...
Sakellariou V I - - 2012
Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (HO) is the ectopic formation of lamellar bone in non-osseous tissues following traumatic brain or spinal cord injury. The associated complications affect greatly their quality of life. This fact has shifted the focus of scientific effort towards the investigation and understanding of related risk factors and the ...
Cole Neil - - 2012
ABSTRACT: John Cade's identification of lithium as a treatment of manic-depressive illness has been judged as a landmark biomedical advance and as an initiator of modern psychopharmacology. His personal background, interests, character, experiences, and key observational skills are sketched to provide the background and logic for his discovery and to ...
Al-Shoha Ahmad - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: A prospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the effect of epidural steroid injection (ESI) on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: ESIs are used to treat the pain associated with radiculopathy. Although it is known that exogenous steroid use can disrupt skeletal architecture, ...
Hariri Lida P - - 2012
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a nondestructive, high-resolution imaging modality, providing cross-sectional, architectural images at near histologic resolutions, with penetration depths up to a few millimeters. Optical frequency domain imaging is a second-generation OCT technology that has equally high resolution with significantly increased image acquisition speeds and allows for large ...
Bahner David P - - 2012
Undergraduate ultrasound education is becoming increasingly important to medical student development; as a result, innovative training methods are being designed and implemented. The Ultrasound Challenge was created to help students learn core ultrasound techniques and apply them in a friendly competition where they showcase their abilities. The Ultrasound Challenge consisted ...
Hua Xianming - - 2012
A boy, aged 12 years 3 months, sought treatment for a complete unilateral Brodie bite. His maxillary dental arch was asymmetric, and his dentition was 10 mm wider than normal values for his age. The transverse discrepancy was his chief complaint because it caused a chewing dysfunction. We used a ...
Terzi Fabio - - 2012
Many of the properties of multi-material systems and relevant devices depend on the interfaces between the different components. This review focuses on characterization of the interfaces between intrinsically conducting polymers and inorganic materials consisting of metals and metal oxides. These materials are chosen because of their importance in several analytical ...
Lamb Susan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Historians recognize Adolf Meyer (1866-1950), first psychiatrist-in-chief at Johns Hopkins Hospital, as one of the principal architects of clinical psychiatry in the United States. This wholesale influence on the fledgling discipline had much to do with the authority he wielded as a Hopkins chief, but an important question remains: ...
Csibi Alfred - - 2012
Regulation of organ size is achieved through the action of the mTOR and Hippo signalling pathways, which control cell proliferation and cell growth in response to extracellular cues. A link between these pathways is revealed by the finding that YAP downregulates PTEN to promote cell growth and tissue hyperplasia.
Barannik Evgen A - - 2012
Objectives The purposes of this work were to detect the microscopic displacements accompanying isometric muscle tissue contraction under different external loads, to explore their spectral characteristics, and to develop physical models capable of explaining the experimental data obtained. Methods By means of a spectral Doppler musculoskeletal ultrasound method, spectral characteristics ...
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