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Chuang Kai-Jen - - 2012
Background: Aromatherapy is widely used around the world for stress relief. Whether exposure to essential oil increases the risk of cardiovascular events is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of essential oil on heart rate and blood pressure among solus por aqua (spa) workers.Methods: ...
Zhao Huaizhou - - 2012
We present the figure-of-merit (ZT) improvement in nanostructured FeSb(2-x)Ag(x) with Ag(1-y)Sb(y) nanoinclusions through a metal/semiconductor interface engineering approach. Owing to the interfaces between FeSb(2-x)Ag(x) and Ag(1-y)Sb(y) phases, as well as the identical work functions, both thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity of the nanocomposites were significantly reduced in the lower temperature ...
McKee Martin - - 2012
Britain's aged population has, so far, been spared the worst of the government's austerity policies, which have impacted most on young people and those of working age. However, this has not gone unnoticed by a number of political pundits who are sowing inter-generational divisions, marshalling often highly selective facts to ...
Kim Mi Jung - - 2012
We report a completely substrate-controlled approach to the asymmetric total synthesis of representative dioxabicyclic bromoallene marine natural products with either a 2,10-dioxabicyclo[7.3.0]dodecene or 2,9-dioxabicyclo[6.3.0]undecene skeleton from commercially available glycidol as a common starting material. The former include (-)-isolaurallene (1), the enantiomeric form of natural (+)-neolaurallene (2), and (+)-itomanallene A (3c), ...
Zhu Qiuhua - - 2012
A new series of C-6 unsubstituted tetrahydropyrimidines 6 have been directly synthesized via a convenient urea-catalyzed chemoselective five-component reaction (5CR) under mild conditions. Compounds 6 show typical aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) characteristics because they are practically no emissive in solution but emit blue or green fluorescence in aggregates with fluorescence ...
Huang Y - - 2012
Leydig cell tumour (LCT) is an uncommon tumour that typically occurs in the testis. Primary epididymal LCT is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases have been reported in the world literature. Herein, we report a case of primary epididymal LCT in a 41-year-old Chinese male. ...
Weisenbach Sara L - - 2012
This study examined sex differences in categorization of facial emotions and in activation of brain regionssupportive of those classifications. In Experiment 1, performance on the Facial Emotion Perception Test (FEPT) was examined among 75 healthy females and 63 healthy males. Females were more accurate in the categorization of fearful expressions ...
Ban Ji-Eun - - 2012
AIMS: The mechanism responsible for premature ventricular complex (PVC)-mediated left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains unclear. We sought to determine the electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics of PVC-mediated LV dysfunction.METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-seven patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for frequent PVCs (PVCs burden ≥10%/24 h) and had ...
Nyabadza Farai - - 2012
Substance abuse remains a global problem, with immense health and social consequences. Crystal meth, known as 'tik' in South Africa, is a growing problem, and its supply chains have equally grown due to increased numbers of 'tik' users, especially in the Western Cape province of South Africa. We consider a ...
Selcuk Ali - - 2012
Hypertensive patients have strong evidence of endothelial dysfunction. Some novel endothelial dysfunction parameters such as pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx), and central aortic pressure (CAP) have been investigated as predictive markers of atherosclerosis. It is well known that obesity has relationships with endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. We aimed ...
Vitale Alessandro - - 2012
There are currently no studies calculating the survival benefit of liver transplantation (LT) according to model for end-stage liver disease-sodium (MELD-Na) and based on the competing risk (CR) method. We enrolled consecutive adult patients with chronic end-stage liver disease entering the waiting list (WL) for primary LT (WL group = 337) and ...
Han Tian - - 2012
The combination of the anisotropic Dy(III) ion and organic radicals as spin carriers results in discrete and one-dimensional lanthanide-radical magnetic materials, namely, [Dy(hfac)(3) (NITThienPh)(2) ] (1) and [Dy(2) (hfac)(6) (NITThienPh)(2) ](n) (2; hfac=hexafluoroacetylacetonate, NITThienPh=2-(5-phenyl-2-thienyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-imidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide). Linking monomeric 1 with the Dy(III) ion leads to the formation of polymeric 2, and the ...
Miyazaki Yu - - 2012
Understanding how antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) interact with human cells is important to the development of antimicrobial agents as well as anticancer drugs. However, little is known about the mechanisms by which AMPs bind to cells and exert cytotoxicity. Negatively charged gangliosides on the cell surface are a potential target for ...
Helten Holger - - 2012
Complexes of Group 4 metallocenes in the +3 oxidation state and amidoborane or phosphidoborane function as efficient precatalysts for the dehydrocoupling/dehydrogenation of amine-boranes, such as Me(2) NH⋅BH(3) . Such Ti(III) -amidoborane complexes are generated in [Cp(2) Ti]-catalyzed amine-borane dehydrocoupling reactions, for which diamagnetic M(II) and M(IV) species have been previously ...
Skarmoutsou A - - 2012
Oxygen plasma-induced surface modification of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), under plasma conditions favouring (maximizing) roughness formation, has been shown to create textured surfaces of roughness size and morphology dependent on the plasma-treatment time and subsequent morphology stabilization procedure. Superhydrophobic or superhydrophilic surfaces can thus be obtained, with potential applications in antireflective self-cleaning ...
Leroux Elizabeth - - 2012
Aims:A case report suggested the efficacy of cannabis to treat cluster headache (CH) attacks. Our aims were to study the frequency of cannabis use in CH patients, and the reported effects on attacks.Methods:A total of 139 patients with CH attending two French headache centers filled out questionnaires.Results:Sixty-three of the 139 ...
Kuttiyiel Kurian - - 2012
We describe a route to the development of novel PtNiN core-shell catalysts with low Pt content shell and inexpensive NiN core having high activity and stability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The PtNiN synthesis involves nitriding Ni nanoparticles and simultaneously encapsulating it by 2-4 monolayer-thick Pt shell. The experimental ...
Ozkan Serdar - - 2012
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is an extremely rare disease that is usually seen in the form of sporadic cases and seems to be localized outside of the thoracic cavity. Inflammation and trauma are accused in the etiology, and too many diagnostic mistakes are done. The disease, which may present genetic transmission ...
Wu Li-Chen - - 2012
The ability to program the intracellular retention of nanoparticles (NPs) would increase their applicability for imaging and therapeutic applications. To date, there has been no efficient method developed to control the fate of NPs once they enter cells. Existing approaches to manipulate the intracellular retention of NPs are mostly "passive" ...
Loumaigne Matthieu - - 2012
Here we report on a novel scheme for spectral analysis that exploits the wavelength dependence of the time-of-flight of a photon in a dispersive medium. This versatile and cost-effective method, named time-of-flight photon spectroscopy (TOFPS), has the major advantage of being compatible with time-correlated single-photon counting experiments. Consequently, each photon ...
Beyer-Westendorf J - - 2012
Prospective trials have shown that rivaroxaban thromboprophylaxis is superior over low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in patients undergoing hip and knee replacement surgery. However, patients treated under trial conditions are different from unselected routine patients, which may affect efficacy and safety of thromboprophylaxis. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Margerison-Zilko Claire - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Existing research documents strong inverse socioeconomic gradients in current smoking and lung cancer morbidity and mortality; these gradients appear stronger among non-Hispanic Whites and Blacks compared with Hispanics. We sought to examine a broader range of outcomes across the tobacco use continuum, examining socioeconomic gradients separately among the 3 ...
Zanin Anna - - 2012
A 5-year-old right-handed boy was having breakfast with his mother when he suddenly vomited, slumped to the right, and his speech became slurred. The only past medical history of interest was that he suffered from Down syndrome with moderate mental retardation but no other complications. The child did not suffer ...
Liu Stephen V - - 2012
It is widely accepted that many cancers arise as a result of an acquired genomic instability and the subsequent evolution of tumor cells with variable patterns of selected and background aberrations. The presence and behaviors of distinct neoplastic cell populations within a patient's tumor may underlie multiple clinical phenotypes in ...
Li Yue - - 2012
The crystallization behavior and crystalline structure of Poly(vinylidene fluroride) (PVDF) in the presence of graphene oxide (GO) platelets were investigated using time-resolved Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), as well as differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). It is shown that GO platelets induce formation of γ phase when ...
Wiesinger B - - 2012
Purpose: Comparison of dose area products (DAP) in diagnostic angiography procedures between an image intensifier (II) and a flat panel detector (FPD) angiography system and the evaluation of DAP/body mass index (BMI) dependency. Materials and Methods: An image intensifier system or a flat panel detector system was used to perform ...
Novy A - - 2012
Evolutionary dynamics of integrative traits such as phenology are predicted to be critically important to range expansion and invasion success, yet there are few empirical examples of such phenomena. In this study, we used multiple common gardens to examine the evolutionary significance of latitudinal variation in phenology of a widespread ...
Ambrosone Alfredo - - 2012
Abstract The remarkable amenability of aquatic invertebrates to laboratory manipulation has already made a few species belonging to the phylum Cnidaria as attracting systems for exploring animal development. The proliferation of molecular and genomic tools, including the whole genomic sequence of the freshwater polyp Hydra vulgaris and the starlet sea ...
Messaoudi Safia - - 2012
Aims: Th1 and Th2 balance is crucial for maintenance of pregnancy, and intracellular JAK and STAT proteins significantly contribute to it. In view of evidence linking JAK2 and STAT3 variants with recurrent spontaneous miscarriage (RSM), here we investigated the association of JAK2 (rs2230724) and STAT3 (rs1053023 and rs1053004) to RSM ...
Blinder Victoria S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the routine use of treatment plans and summaries (TPSs) has been recommended to improve the quality of cancer care, limited data exist about their impact on quality, including patient satisfaction and coordination of care. METHODS: Patients received TPSs as part of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Breast ...
Mao Bin - - 2012
The copper-catalyzed hetero-allylic asymmetric alkylation (h-AAA) of functionalized Grignard reagents that contain alkene or alkyne moieties has been achieved with excellent regio- and enantioselectivity. The corresponding alkylation products were further transformed into a variety of highly functionalized cyclic and bicyclic alcohols with excellent control over the chemo-, regio-, and stereoselectivity.
Mandal Sukanta - - 2012
Chemical model systems possessing the reactivity aspects of both tyrosinase and catechol oxidase are presented. Using two m-xylyl-based ligands providing bidentate alkylamine terminal coordination, 1,3-bis[(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl)aminomethyl]benzene (L(H,H)) and 1,3-bis[(N,N,N'-trimethylaminoethyl)aminomethyl]benzene (L(Me,Me)), four new dicopper(I) complexes, [Cu(I)(2)(L(H,H))(MeCN)(4)][ClO(4)](2) (1), [Cu(I)(2)(L(H,H))(PPh(3))(2)(MeCN)(2)][ClO(4)](2) (2), [Cu(I)(2)(L(Me,Me))(MeCN)(2)][ClO(4)](2) (3), and [Cu(I)(2)(L(Me,Me))(PPh(3))(2)][ClO(4)](2) (4), have been synthesized and characterized. Complex 2 has ...
Shen Zhanlong - - 2012
Background. As previously demonstrated, tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) infiltration is associated with some cancers invasion and metastasis. However, the role of TAMs in the gastric cancer remains unclear. Methods Three- dimensional dynamic migration imaging system and real time RT-PCR were used to quantitatively investigate the effect of macrophages on the ...
Sotto Antonella Di - - 2012
Glucoputranjivin (1) and isopropyl isothiocyanate (2) were isolated from an aqueous dry extract of Sisymbrium officinale and were identified by spectroscopic analysis. The antimutagenic activity of these compounds was evaluated in a bacterial reverse mutation assay using E. coli WP2, WP2uvrA, and WP2uvrA/pKM101 strains, in comparison with the extract. In ...
Kitada Shingo - - 2012
A soluble-support-assisted technique was successfully applied to electrochemical reactions, leading to anodic disulfide bond formation. The support-bound peptide was soluble in electrolyte solution, allowing electron transfer at the surface of the electrodes. After completion of the reaction, the support-bound product was recovered as a precipitate by simple dilution of the ...
Oishi Sakiko - - 2012
Atrial inflammation is critical to atrial fibrillation initiation and progression. Although left atrial dilatation is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, the mechanism linking atrial dilatation and inflammation is unclear. We evaluated the mechanisms underlying infiltration of macrophages induced by stretch of atrial myocytes. Murine macrophages were co-cultured with HL-1 ...
Penzkofer T - - 2012
Purpose: To systematically investigate the impact of image acquisition and contrast injection parameters for CO2-enhanced CT angiography (CTA) of the aorto-iliac and peripheral arteries in a pig model using commercially available equipment. The aim was to establish an imaging protocol that is ready for use in human subjects. Materials and ...
Liebenberg C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Babesiosis in dogs is associated with severe thrombocytopenia; yet infected dogs rarely show clinical signs of hemorrhage. HYPOTHESIS: Dogs with uncomplicated babesiosis have normal hemostatic capacity despite severe thrombocytopenia. ANIMALS: Nineteen client-owned dogs with uncomplicated babesiosis; 10 healthy controls. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Thromboelastography (TEG), prothrombin time ...
Kaiser J Phillip - - 2012
Liver disease is a major health issue characterized by several pathological changes, with steatosis (fatty liver) representing a common initial step in its pathogenesis. Steatosis is of critical importance because prevention of fatty liver can obviate downstream pathologies of liver disease (eg, fibrosis). Recent studies have shown a strong correlation ...
Ma Donghui - - 2012
Skeleton craft: An efficient synthesis of (±)-(6aβ)-5-demethyl-6a-deoxy-5-(methoxycarbonyl)tazettinone, the common core structure of (±)-tazettine and (±)-6a-epipretazettine, has been accomplished in 6 steps with 54 % overall yield on a gram scale, starting from commercially available p-hydroxybenzaldehyde and piperonyl alcohol. The requisite pentacyclic skeleton is constructed by a tandem intramolecular oxidative Friedel-Crafts/aza-Michael reaction ...
Chan-Park Mary B - - 2012
The large-scale application of semiconducting single walled carbon nanotubes (s-SWCNTs) for printed electronics requires scalable, repeateable, as well as non-contaminating, assembly techniques. Previously explored nanotube deposition methods include serial methods such as inkjet printing and parallel methods such as spin coating with photolithography. The serial methods are usually slow while ...
Holloway Chris - - 2012
Abstract  On March 9, 2012, the New York Academy of Sciences brought together experts representing a variety of perspectives-including academic, industrial, regulatory, as well as those from physicians and consumers-to discuss considerations for the non-biological complex drug (NBCD) regulatory approval pathway, given the emerging regulatory guidelines for biosimilars (follow-on biological ...
Waegeneers Nadia - - 2012
The total selenium content of about 800 food products purchased in Belgium was determined and combined with food records to determine the nutritional selenium status of Belgian people. The largest selenium concentrations (>1 mg kg(-1)) were found in Brazil nuts and offal, of which the consumption is limited. Usually consumed food groups ...
Seow Kok-Min - - 2012
Prolongation of gastrointestinal transit resulting in nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is the most common phenomenon during the first trimester of pregnancy. Increased human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels during the first trimester is the most likely cause of NVP. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect ...
Nesrallah Gihad E - - 2012
BackgroundIntradialytic hypotension (IDH) is associated with morbidity and mortality. We conducted a systematic review to determine whether biofeedback hemodialysis (HD) can improve IDH and other outcomes, compared with HD without biofeedback.MethodsData sources included the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE and ISI Web of Science. We included randomized ...
Stocker Thomas F - - 2012
The linear relationship between cumulative carbon emissions and global climate warming implies that as mitigation is delayed, climate targets become unachievable.
Liu Xiao Ming - - 2012
In situ high-pressure Raman spectroscopy, with corroborating density functional calculations, is used to probe C-H chemical bonds formed when dissociated hydrogen diffuses from a platinum nanocatalyst to three distinct graphenic surfaces. At ambient temperature, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation is reversible in the combined presence of an active catalyst and oxygen heteroatoms. ...
Mukherjee Shaunak - - 2012
Heterogeneous catalysis is of paramount importance in chemistry and energy applications. Catalysts that couple light energy into chemical reactions in a directed, orbital-specific manner would greatly reduce the energy input requirements of chemical transformations, revolutionizing catalysis-driven chemistry. Here we report the room temperature dissociation of H2 on gold nanoparticles using ...
Shim Jihyun - - 2012
Amino acid side-chain fluctuations play an essential role in the structure and function of proteins. Accordingly, in theoretical studies of proteins, it is important to have an accurate description of their conformational properties. Recently, new side-chain torsion parameters were introduced into the CHARMM and Amber additive force fields and evaluated ...
Koriem Khaled M M - - 2012
Abstract Cadmium has been classified as an environmental pollutant and human carcinogen. Pectin is a family of complex polysaccharides that function as hydrating agents and cementing materials for the cellulosic network. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective role of pectin against cadmium induced testicular toxicity and ...
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