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Results 451 - 500 of 3797
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Matsuoka Hiroaki - - 2012
Our objective was simply to report a sedge species, Carex kobomugi Ohwi that has beneficial bacterial associations under low Fe and P conditions of the Hasaki coast, Japan. C. kobomugi is the dominant species in our study area and grows closest to the sea. C. kobomugi showed higher Fe and P content, ...
Palanikumar L - - 2012
The feeding rate, growth rate and gross conversion efficiency were studied in milkfish Chanos chanos for 28 days of exposure to sub-lethal concentrations of anthracene (1.00, 2.00, 3.00, 6.00 and 12.0 μg l(-1)) and benzo [a] pyrene (0.30, 0.70, 1.40, 2.80 and 5.60 μg l(-1)) under continuous flow through bioassays. Based on survival and ...
Yagisawa Fumi - - 2012
The Golgi body has important roles in modifying, sorting, and transport of proteins and lipids. Eukaryotic cells have evolved in various ways to inherit the Golgi body from mother to daughter cells, which allows the cells to function properly immediately after mitosis. Here we used Cyanidioschyzon merolae, one of the ...
Nicchia Grazia P - - 2012
Prohibiting angiogenesis is an important therapeutic approach for fighting cancer and other angiogenic related diseases. Research focused on proteins that regulate abnormal angiogenesis has attracted intense interest in both academia and industry. Such proteins are able to target several angiogenic factors concurrently, thereby increasing the possibility of therapeutic success. Aquaporin-1 ...
Gioda Carolina Rosa - - 2012
In this study, we investigated zinc and copper effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC. 3.1.1.7) activity and metal accumulation in tissues of native fish Leporinus obtusidens (piava). Fish were exposed to 10 and 20 % of the LC(50) that corresponded at 2.28 and 4.57 mg/L (zinc) and 0.018 and 0.038 mg/L (copper) for 30 ...
Rodriguez Fátima - - 2012
Prior work has shown significant geographic variation in cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including metabolic syndrome, obesity, and hypercholesterolemia. However, little is known about how variations in CV risk impact cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related hospitalizations. Community-level CV risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and elevated waist circumference) were assessed from community-wide health screenings ...
Jansen Hendrik - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcome and gait analysis findings by dynamic pedobarography in patients following surgically treated single, closed, dislocated intra-articular calcaneal fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center study with 26 patients. The average follow-up period was 34 months (range 18-61 months). We used the Zwipp score and a score based on a ...
Adachi Hiroyuki - - 2012
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is the most common congenital overgrowth syndrome involving tumor predisposition. BWS is caused by various epigenetic or genetic alterations that disrupt the imprinted genes on chromosome 11p15.5 and the clinical findings of BWS are highly variable. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is reported in about half of all babies with ...
Ordóñez Nelson G - - 2012
Distinguishing between peritoneal epithelioid mesotheliomas and papillary serous carcinomas involving the peritoneum can be difficult on routine histological preparations, but this differential diagnosis can be facilitated by the use of immunohistochemistry. Recent investigations have indicated that PAX8, PAX2, claudin-4, and h-caldesmon are immunohistochemical markers that can assist in distinguishing between ...
Souza Samir Khal - - 2012
We reported previously that intrauterine asphyxia acutely affects the rat hippocampus. For this reason, the early effects of this injury were studied in the cerebral cortex, immediately after hysterectomy (acute condition) or following a recovery period at normoxia (recovery condition). Lactacidemia and glycemia were determined, as well as glycogen levels ...
Direkvand-Moghadam A - - 2012
Introduction: Several risk factors have been used to predict preeclampsia. The role of some risk factors as predictors associated with preeclampsia among Iranian women was analyzed in the present study using logistic regression. Materials and Methods: 610 women attending the obstetric ward of Mustafa hospital in Ilam were enrolled in ...
Hur Yoon-Mi - - 2012
The South Korean Twin Registry (SKTR) is an ongoing nation-wide volunteer registry of South Korean twins and their families, which was established in the year 2001 to understand genetic and environmental etiologies of psychological and physical traits among South Koreans. Recently, the SKTR sampling has been extended in two important ...
Hardcastle Timothy Craig - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the leading prehospital disease profiles in South Africa in general and in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) in particular. The present study was designed to review the prehospital burden of injury in KZN, identify trauma burden to ambulance ratios, analyze system deficiencies, and propose a prehospital trauma system ...
Intartaglia R - - 2012
A picosecond laser ablation approach has been developed for the synthesis of ligand-free AuAg bimetallic NPs where the relative amount of Ag is controlled in situ through a laser shielding effect. Various measurements, such as optical spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma ...
Noguchi Masanori - - 2012
Since both tumor cells and host immune cell repertoires are diverse and heterogeneous, immune responses against tumor-associated antigens should differ substantially among individual cancer patients. Selection of suitable peptide vaccines for individual patients based on the preexisting host immunity before vaccination could induce potent anti-tumor responses that provide clinical benefit ...
Lee Sun Jae - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. To compare the efficacy of rescue therapies in lamivudine (LAM)-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infections including: (1) adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) monotherapy, (2) ADV plus LAM combination therapy and (3) entecavir (ETV) 1.0 mg monotherapy. Materials and methods. The authors designed a multicenter-retrospective study. Eight institutions participated in the ...
Wang Ah Rha - - 2012
In this study, the 17,694-bp long complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the dwarf honeybee, Apis florea (Hymenoptera: Apidae), was described, and a noteworthy triplicated tRNA(ser)(AGN) region and an extraordinary long A+T-rich region with repeat regions were identified. The gene arrangement of A. florea mitogenome was identical to that of Apis ...
Matsumoto K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The natural history, including growth and rupture, of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) remains unknown. Here, we present the results of serial magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) follow-up study in 111 patients with 136 UIAs. METHOD: A total of 111 patients with 136 UIAs were followed annually over the past 12 years, ...
Lovett Marlina - - 2012
Pulmonary artery sling is an incomplete vascular ring, the result of the left pulmonary artery arising from the right pulmonary artery and effectively constricting the airway, and it usually presents within the first weeks to months of life. We report a surgical correction of tracheal stenosis for a two-year-old patient ...
Casas-Fernández Carlos - - 2012
Background: The safety and effectiveness of lacosamide, an antiepileptic drug (AED) that selectively enhances the slow inactivation of voltage-gated sodium channels without affecting rapid inactivation, has been demonstrated in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in adults with focal epileptic seizures. Although lacosamide is approved for use in patients over 16 years ...
Kemp Lynn - - 2012
AIM: To report a programme theory for pre-natal home visiting by nurses in the context of a sustained nurse home visiting programme by exploring pre- and postnatal outcomes and characteristics of the intervention that may have contributed to the outcomes. BACKGROUND: Studies have shown sustained nurse home visiting commencing pre-natally ...
Ryan Russell J H - - 2012
Mast cell sarcoma is a rare, aggressive neoplasm composed of cytologically malignant mast cells presenting as a solitary mass. Previous descriptions of mast cell sarcoma have been limited to single case reports, and the pathologic features of this entity are not well known. Here, we report three new cases of ...
Nawaz Fahim - - 2012
Insufficient stand establishment at early growth stages in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) due to drought stress is a major problem that limits overall efficiency and yield of crop. Priming of seed is an effective method for raising seed performance and improving tolerance of crops to abiotic stresses especially drought. The ...
Cummings Jeffrey L - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) is widely used to assess psychopathology in dementia. The scoring involves ratings of frequency and severity, as well as the calculation of a composite score. It was suggested recently that, due to lower variance, the frequency score might be more sensitive to detect treatment-related ...
Zhang Yi - - 2012
Folate receptor (FR) can be over-expressed by a number of epithelial-derived tumors, but minimally expressed in normal tissues origin. As folic acid (FA) is a high affinity ligand to FR, and not produced endogenously, development of FA conjugated probes for targeted imaging FR over-expressed cancer cells is of significance for ...
Eickhoff Holger - - 2012
A technology for protein microarrays in 96 well microplates has been developed as a widely adoptable platform for multiplexed protein based diagnostics. Procedures for protein microarray manufacturing, immobilization, assay optimization and optical detection methods were developed. Using a clever combination of state of the art technologies, a versatile platform that ...
Simons Audrey Maria Wilhelmina - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Because of their meritocratic ideology, Western countries might promote the belief that every individual is responsible for his or her socioeconomic position. These beliefs might enhance discrimination which, in turn, might affect health. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the role of perceived discrimination within income-related ...
Tanaka Miyuki - - 2012
Self-quenching of the triplet excited state of thiobenzophenone ((3)TBP*) in molecular solvents, a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micellar solution, and ionic liquids (ILs) was measured using nanosecond laser flash photolysis. In the molecular solvents and ILs, (3)TBP* single-exponentially decayed, and the decay was accelerated with increasing TBP concentration. Self-quenching rate ...
van den Reek Juul - - 2012
Abstract Abstract To increase effectiveness of standard adalimumab treatment 40mg every other week (EOW) for patients with psoriasis, dose escalation to 40mg every week or addition of methotrexate (MTX) are possible strategies. Methods Daily practice data about adalimumab treatment were extracted from a prospective observational cohort. We analyzed all patients ...
Alikhani Zoubin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to optimize coronary sinus (CS) computerized tomography (CT) imaging and evaluate its utility for preprocedural planning and intraoperative guidance by overlay of 3D reconstructed CS images on live fluoroscopy. BACKGROUND: Optimal CS lead placement for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains challenging. Preprocedural knowledge of CS anatomy ...
Verma M - - 2012
Asthma is a complex genetic disease, which arises from the interaction of multiple genes and environmental stimuli. These influences are important to asthma pathogenesis. These can be mechanically explained by the Epigenetic phenomenon, which consists of the chromatin and its modifications, as well as a covalent modification of cytosines residing ...
He Zhaolin - - 2012
Facile access to enantioenriched isoindolines bearing a quaternary stereogenic center and a tertiary stereogenic center was successfully developed via highly efficient Cu(I)/(S,Rp)-PPFOMe-catalyzed asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylide with quinone derivatives followed by silica-gel-promoted aromatization in a one-pot reaction protocol. The present catalytic system exhibited high diastereoselectivity, excellent enantioselectivity, and ...
Rosa Rosana Cardoso Manique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Extracardiac malformations may be present in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), bringing greater risk of comorbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: Verify frequency and types of abdominal abnormalities detected in children with and without CHD through abdominal ultrasound (AUS), compare the patients in relation to their dysmorphic/cytogenetic findings and perform ...
Reardon Gregory - - 2012
Objective: The rate of potential warfarin drug-drug interactions among long-term care (LTC) residents with atrial fibrillation (AFib) is evaluated. Research design and methods: LTC residents from two databases, the National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS) 2004 and the AnalytiCare(™) multistate database, with an AFib diagnosis (ICD9 = 427.3x) were studied. Concurrent ...
Schindler Dirk - - 2012
This paper presents an empirical approach for the decomposition, simulation, and reconstruction of wind-induced stem displacement of plantation-grown Scots pine trees. Results from singular spectrum analysis (SSA) allow a low-dimensional characterization of the complex and complicated tree motion patterns in response to non-destructive wind excitation. Since motion of the sample ...
Jaryan Vikrant - - 2012
Recognizing the array of effects that invasive alien species have, documenting their status from biodiversity rich regions has been much emphasized. Lack of such studies is a major limitation that hampers proper management of alien species. The present paper, therefore, documents the alien flora of the Indian Himalayan state of ...
Vidal Pablo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been gaining acceptance because it has shown good short- and mid-term results as a single procedure for morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to compare short- and mid-term results between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and LSG. METHODS: Observational retrospective study from ...
Jost Wolfgang H - - 2012
Bladder dysfunctions are quite common in Parkinson's disease. They may occur at any stage of the illness and get worse with advancing and aggravating disease. The most prominent dysfunction is the so-called overactive bladder. Control of bladder function is part of a highly complex system subject to the interaction of ...
Hisatomi Kazuki - - 2012
Right heart thrombus represents a mobilized deep venous thrombosis that is lodged temporarily in the right atrium and ventricle, and is often referred to as "emboli in transit. " Floating right heart thrombus is an uncommon but life-threatening condition, and usually coexists with an already massive pulmonary embolism. The presence ...
Nakashima Ryoichi - - 2012
A common search paradigm requires observers to search for a target among undivided spatial arrays of many items. Yet our visual environment is populated with items that are typically arranged within smaller (subdivided) spatial areas outlined by dividers (e.g., frames). It remains unclear how dividers impact visual search performance. In ...
Joost Maximilian - - 2012
The reactivity of the amino(cyano)borane (i)Pr(2)NBH(CN) () towards [RuH(2)(η(2)-H(2))(2)(PCy(3))(2)] () was investigated. Our study reveals that the formation of the bis(isocyanoborane) ruthenium complex [RuH(CN)(CN-BHN(i)Pr(2))(2)(PCy(3))(2)] () occurs via the intermediacy of the bis(σ-B-H) ruthenium complex [RuH(CN)(H(2)BN(i)Pr(2))(PCy(3))(2)] (). This transformation involves BCN linkage isomerisation in . The diisopropylaminoborane ligand in can be ...
Gomery Kathryn - - 2012
Elucidation of protein structure using X-ray crystallography relies on the quality of the crystal. Crystals suffer from many different types of disorder, some of which occur during crystal nucleation and early crystal growth. To date, there are few studies surrounding the quality and nucleation of protein crystals partly due to ...
Tang Mingjie - - 2012
The molecular composition of mycobacteria and Gram-negative bacteria cell walls is structurally different. In this work, Raman microspectroscopy was applied to discriminate mycobacteria and Gram-negative bacteria by assessing specific characteristic spectral features. Analysis of Raman spectra indicated that mycobacteria and Gram-negative bacteria exhibit different spectral patterns under our experimental conditions ...
Shimada Toru - - 2012
We visualized the enhanced optical field distributions in one-dimensional linear array structures of gold nanospheres by using scanning near-field optical microscopy. The characteristic field distribution depends on the chain length of the one-dimensional structures. The distribution of optical field is reproduced qualitatively by model calculations based upon finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) ...
Nishigaki Akemi - - 2012
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are angiogenic factors that have possible roles in ovarian function. The objectives of this study were to investigate the association between the individual concentrations of SDF-1 and VEGF and sex steroid hormones in human preovulatory follicles and to verify the ...
Borden Ernest C - - 2012
As cancer therapy progresses through the development of molecularly targeted drugs, the focus of Phase I trials needs to shift towards investigating end points that could guide more effective trial design, dosing and choice of tumour setting for Phase II studies.
Shepherd Andrew - - 2012
We combined an ensemble of satellite altimetry, interferometry, and gravimetry data sets using common geographical regions, time intervals, and models of surface mass balance and glacial isostatic adjustment to estimate the mass balance of Earth's polar ice sheets. We find that there is good agreement between different satellite methods--especially in ...
Joseph Bellal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advances in technology have allowed for continuous noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring (SpHb), which may enable earlier detection of hemorrhage and more efficient surgical and/or blood transfusion management. The use of SpHb has not been described in the trauma population. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy ...
Eyong Kenneth O - - 2012
The Hooker oxidation is one of the most intriguing transformations wherein lapachol () is readily converted to norlapachol () in very good yield. This one-pot reaction involves a very intricate mechanism in which the alkyl side chain of lapachol is shortened by one carbon unit. Previous studies have unequivocally established ...
Zhang Ying - - 2012
Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are small RNAs abundant in the germline that have been implicated in germline development and maintenance of genomic integrity across several animal species including human, mouse, rat, zebrafish and drosophila. Tens of thousands of piRNAs have been discovered, yet abundant piRNAs have still not been detected in ...
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