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Tang Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Convergent studies provide support for abnormalities in the structure and functioning of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the amygdala, the key components of the neural system that subserves emotional processing in major depressive disorder (MDD). We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine potential amygdala-PFC functional connectivity ...
Pearson Jennifer - - 2013
Existing research suggests that sexual minority youth experience lower levels of well-being, in part because they perceive less social support than heterosexual youth. Sexual minority youth with strong family relationships may demonstrate resilience and increased well-being; however, it is also possible that the experience of sexual stigma may make these ...
Duan Tran Hoa - - 2012
Bacterial cultures were enriched from sediments in Germany and Vietnam reductively dechlorinating hexachlorobenzene and the highly persistent 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene to monochlorobenzene. The main products of the reductive dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene were monochlorobenzene and dichlorobenzenes (1,2-; 1,3- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene) while no trichlorobenzenes accumulated. For the reductive dechlorination of 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene with the mixed ...
Zádori Dénes - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a considerable socioeconomic burden. The pathomechanism of PD clearly involves the synergistic interaction of dopaminergic and glutamatergic dysfunctioning, including maladaptive corticostriatal synaptoplasticity. Most of the available treatment options have the aim of restoration of the physiological dopaminergic activity. Currently, the ...
Gupta Punkaj - - 2012
The study aimed primarily to evaluate the efficacy of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and to identify possible predictors for success of NIV therapy in preventing extubation failure in critically ill children with heart disease. The secondary objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of prophylactic NIV therapy initiated immediately ...
Verweij K J H KJ Department of Developmental Psychology, VU University, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Various studies support the inclusion of cannabis withdrawal in the diagnosis of cannabis use disorder (CUD) in the upcoming DSM-5. The aims of the current study were to (1) estimate the prevalence of DSM-5 cannabis withdrawal (criterion B), (2) estimate the role of genetic and environmental influences on individual differences ...
Bohlender Jürgen - - 2012
Intrarenal neurotransmission implies the co-release of neuropeptides at the neuro-effector junction with direct influence on parameters of kidney function. The presence of an angiotensin (Ang) II-containing phenotype in catecholaminergic postganglionic and sensory fibers of the kidney, based on immunocytological investigations, has only recently been reported. These angiotensinergic fibers display a ...
Bertini Ivano - - 2012
Human S100A14 is a member of the EF-hand calcium-binding protein family that has only recently been described in terms of its functional and pathological properties. The protein is overexpressed in a variety of tumor cells and it has been shown to trigger receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)-dependent signaling ...
Andersen Mette K - - 2012
Background and aims: Patients with type 1 diabetes have antibodies to ZnT8 protein is encoded by SLC30A8. The C-allele of the R325W variant in SLC30A8 is associated with type 2 diabetes and reduced beta-cell function in non-diabetic subjects. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of ZnT8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A) in ...
Fuchs Aline - - 2012
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) aims to optimize treatments by individualizing dosage regimens based on the measurement of blood concentrations. Dosage individualization to maintain concentrations within a target range requires pharmacokinetic and clinical capabilities. Bayesian calculations currently represent the gold standard TDM approach but require computation assistance. In recent decades computer ...
Okuda Satoru - - 2012
Tissue morphogenesis in multicellular organisms is accompanied by proliferative cell behaviors: cell division (increase in cell number after each cell cycle) and cell growth (increase in cell volume during each cell cycle). These proliferative cell behaviors can be regulated by multicellular dynamics to achieve proper tissue sizes and shapes in ...
Nelitz M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Trochlear dysplasia is considered to be one of the major factors causing patellofemoral instability (PFI). Dejour's classification is widely used to assess the severity of trochlear dysplasia. Additionally, in current literature, different quantitative parameters are recommended to distinguish between a normal trochlea and a dysplastic trochlea. In order to ...
Ye J T - - 2012
A dome-shaped superconducting region appears in the phase diagrams of many unconventional superconductors. In doped band insulators, however, reaching optimal superconductivity by the fine-tuning of carriers has seldom been seen. We report the observation of a superconducting dome in the temperature-carrier density phase diagram of MoS(2), an archetypal band insulator. ...
Allwyn Joshua S - - 2012
Pectus carinatum or protrusion deformity of chest wall is less frequently occurring anterior chest wall deformity when compared to pectus excavatum. It may be classified as type 1 or chondro-gladiolar and type 2 or chondro-manubrial deformity. Other variations seen are symmetrical and asymmetrical pectus carinatum. Here we present two unique ...
Park Hwan-Cheol - - 2012
The anatomical and functional characteristics of the left atrial appendage (LAA) and its relationships with anatomical remodeling and ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been clearly established. The purpose of this study was to determine whether functional and morphological features of the LAA independently predict clinical ...
Bouwland-Both Mi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify periconceptional maternal dietary patterns associated with crown-rump length (CRL), estimated fetal weight (EFW) and birthweight. DESIGN: Population-based prospective birth cohort study. SETTING: Rotterdam, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: For this study, 847 pregnant Dutch women were eligible. Women were included between 2001 and 2005. METHODS: Information on nutritional intake ...
Punwani Shonit - - 2012
PURPOSE: With the recent introduction of PET/MRI, we investigated whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can complement PET for predicting local treatment response in Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: This retrospective study included 39 patients selected from a hospital database with a histological diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing whole-body MRI (supplemented by DWI) and ...
Andrews Samantha N SN Wallace Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, 30332, - - 2013
Most methods to increase transdermal drug delivery focus on increasing stratum corneum permeability, without addressing the need to increase permeability of viable epidermis. Here, we assess the hypothesis that viable epidermis offers a significant permeability barrier that becomes rate limiting upon sufficient permeabilization of stratum corneum. We tested this hypothesis ...
Jacobs Tinneke - - 2012
In this article, a medium-pressure DBD plasma treatment is used to improve the cell-material interaction of a polyhydroxybutyrate/polyhydroxyvalerate (PHB/PHV) film. PHB/PHV is a biodegradable natural polyester, used for different biomedical applications, including sutures, repair devices, and bone marrow scaffolds. The cell adhesion onto PHB/PHV is far less than optimal due ...
Corcoran Rhiannon - - 2012
Introduction. Internet surveys of psychometric schizotypy can usefully explore the relationship between the schizophrenia spectrum and cognition, but significant participant drop-out can be a difficulty. We aimed to identify the aspects of schizotypal thinking associated with self-reported cognitive difficulties with a view to developing a brief index of schizotypy that is ...
White James D - - 2012
A new chiral tetrahydrosalen ligand has been designed and synthesized from cis-2,5-diaminobicyclo[2.2.2]octane. The complex generated in situ by the interaction of the ligand with (CuOTf)(2)·C(6)H(5)CH(3) was an efficient catalyst for the asymmetric Henry reaction, producing nitroaldol products in high yield and good stereoselectivity. Henry reactions catalyzed by this tetrahydrosalen-Cu(I) complex ...
Gupta A K - - 2012
This study reports the utilization of three approaches - pharmacophore, CoMFA/CoMSIA and HQSAR studies - to identify the essential structural requirements in 3D chemical space for the modulation of the antimalarial activity of substituted 1,2,4-trioxanes. The superiority of quantitative pharmacophore-based alignment (QuantitativePBA) over global minima energy conformer-based alignment (GMCBA) has ...
Kobuchi Shinji - - 2012
To investigate the hepatic dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity in colorectal cancer (CRC), which is critically important to create a patient-specific dosing regimen, we performed 5-FU pharmacokinetic studies in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced CRC model rats (CRC rats). After rats received 5-FU intravenous (IV) bolus injections, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) ...
Ogawa Shoujiro - - 2012
Two pairs of C-24 epimeric (24R)-/(24S)-24-hydroxy-24-methyl-5α-cholestan-3β-yl acetates and (24R)-/(24S)-25-hydroxy-24-methyl-5α-cholestan-3β-yl acetates as well as some related 24-ethyl oxysterol analogs were stereoselectively synthesized directly from the respective parent 24-alkyl sterols by a remote O-insertion reaction with 2,6-dichloropyridine N-oxide (DCP) in the presence of a catalytic amount of (5,10,15,20-tetramesitylporphrinate) ruthenium(II) carbonyl complex [Ru(TMP)CO] ...
Kinouchi Kenichiro - - 2012
Aims: Statins not only reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, but also prevent the progression of kidney dysfunction. Ezetimibe, a cholesterol-absorption inhibitor, also lowers LDL cholesterol levels when added to statins; however, the effect of add-on ezetimibe on kidney function has had conflicting results.Methods: We conducted an open-labeled, randomized, 12-month trial, ...
Vincenzi Bruno - - 2012
PURPOSE: Oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy is a dose-related side effect which occurs in almost 40 % of patients treated with oxaliplatin. Aim of the present study was to identify reliable clinical factors predicting its development and duration. METHODS: One hundred sixty-nine completely resected colorectal cancer patients treated with adjuvant Folfox IV regimen were ...
Nagata Tomoyuki - - 2012
ABSTRACT A 48-year-old woman with Parkinson disease (PD) suffered from auditory hallucinations (AH). We had treated her with a reduction in antiparkinsonian agents and the use of atypical antipsychotic agents. However, her symptoms did not improve, and her extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) worsened. To lessen her depressive symptoms, treatment with a ...
Helmes Edward - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Drawing tests have a long history in neuropsychological assessment. A popular geometric figure has been the two intersecting pentagons from the Bender Gestalt test. Reproducing the pentagons is the main visuospatial task on the original Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), remaining in use in revised versions of that widely ...
Pawlowska MaƂgorzata - - 2012
Background: There are few data on the efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon treatment in adolescents with chronic hepatitis B. Aim: We conducted a pilot study in 13 adolescents with chronic hepatitis B treated with peginterferon alfa-2a at 100 µg/m(2) once weekly for 48 weeks. Methods: HBV DNA was assessed ...
Vyas R R Center for the Biology of Disease, Laboratory for Molecular Cancer Biology, VIB, Leuven, - - 2013
Unrepaired DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) cause genetic instability that leads to malignant transformation or cell death. Cells respond to DSBs with the ordered recruitment of signaling and repair proteins to the sites of DNA lesions. Coordinated protein SUMOylation and ubiquitylation have crucial roles in regulating the dynamic assembly of protein ...
Moon Rena - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. Current average length of hospital stay (LOS) after RYGB is 2-3 days and 30-day readmission rate is 8-13 %. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of routine gastrostomy tube placement in perioperative outcomes of RYGB ...
Annweiler C - - 2012
Slow gait is ubiquitous among older adults and predicts cognitive decline and progression to dementia. Age-related structural brain changes could be responsible for abnormal gait. The purpose of this study was to determine whether brain lateral ventricle volume, a measure of brain atrophy, was associated with gait velocity among older ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
Obesity-related diabetes mellitus leads to lipotoxic cardiomyopathy resulting in a form of cardiac dysfunction. Mice with heart-specific overexpression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α showed a metabolic and cardiomyopathic phenotype similar to the diabetic heart. To define the role of Astragalus Polysaccharides (APS) treatment for PPARα-mediated lipotoxicity in the pathogenesis ...
Mertten D - - 2012
Polyploids are defined as either autopolyploids or allopolyploids, depending on their mode of origin and/or chromosome pairing behaviour. Autopolyploids have chromosome sets that are the result of the duplication or combination of related genomes (e.g., AAAA), while allopolyploids result from the combination of sets of chromosomes from two or more ...
Phillips Julie A - - 2012
Using pooled cross-sectional time-series data for the 50 U.S. states over a 25-year period, this article examines how well four conceptual groups of social correlates-demographic, economic, social, and cultural factors-are associated with the 1976-2000 patterns in overall suicide rates and suicide by firearms and other means. Unlike past research that ...
Ke Yonggang Y Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
We describe a simple and robust method to construct complex three-dimensional (3D) structures by using short synthetic DNA strands that we call "DNA bricks." In one-step annealing reactions, bricks with hundreds of distinct sequences self-assemble into prescribed 3D shapes. Each 32-nucleotide brick is a modular component; it binds to four ...
Gioda Carolina Rosa - - 2012
In this study, we investigated zinc and copper effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC. 3.1.1.7) activity and metal accumulation in tissues of native fish Leporinus obtusidens (piava). Fish were exposed to 10 and 20 % of the LC(50) that corresponded at 2.28 and 4.57 mg/L (zinc) and 0.018 and 0.038 mg/L (copper) for 30 ...
Rodriguez Fátima - - 2012
Prior work has shown significant geographic variation in cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including metabolic syndrome, obesity, and hypercholesterolemia. However, little is known about how variations in CV risk impact cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related hospitalizations. Community-level CV risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and elevated waist circumference) were assessed from community-wide health screenings ...
Dragert Katie K Rehabilitation Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Victoria, STN CSC, PO Box 3010, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P1, - - 2013
Hemiparesis after stroke decreases ability to dorsiflex the more-affected ankle during walking. Increased strength would be beneficial, but the more-affected limb is often too weak to be trained. In neurologically intact participants, training one limb induces strength gains in the contralateral, untrained limb. This approach remains unexplored post-stroke. The aim ...
Joughin Ian - - 2012
The ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica are losing ice at accelerating rates, much of which is a response to oceanic forcing, especially of the floating ice shelves. Recent observations establish a clear correspondence between the increased delivery of oceanic heat to the ice-sheet margin and increased ice loss. In ...
Bhattacherjee A K - - 2012
Imidacloprid was sprayed on mango cv. Dashehari at 0.3 mL L(-1) of water during pre-bloom stage with 6-8 cm panicle size (first week of March) to control hopper and carbosulfan was sprayed at 2.0 mL L(-1) of water in the trees of mango hybrid (H-1000) during fruit development stage (first week of May) ...
Wunder T - - 2012
Coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR) is the primary receptor to which oncolytic adenoviruses have to bind for internalization and viral replication. A total of 171 neuroendocrine lung tumors in form of multitissue arrays have been analyzed resulting in a positivity of 112 cases (65.5%). Immunostaining correlated statistically significant with histopathology and ...
Pfündel Erhard E - - 2012
The effect of stepwise increments of red light intensities on pulse-amplitude modulated (PAM) chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence from leaves of A. thaliana and Z. mays was investigated. Minimum and maximum fluorescence were measured before illumination (F (0) and F (M), respectively) and at the end of each light step ([Formula: see ...
Watt Toni Terling - - 2012
The nationwide epidemic of pediatric obesity is more prevalent among Hispanic children than white children. Recent literature suggests that obesity has early origins, leading scholars to call for interventions in pregnancy and infancy. However, there is little theoretical or empirical research to guide the development of early prevention programs for ...
Olson Kenneth R - - 2012
Abstract The ability to monitor oxygen (O2) availability and delivery is crucial to an animal's survival. Vertebrates have a number of O2 'sensing' cells that monitor environmental oxygen and ensure adequate delivery to the tissues. While there is little doubt that these cells perform important homeostatic functions, there is little ...
Chaurio Ricardo - - 2012
The presence of a solid tumor is the result of a complex balance between rejection, tolerance and regeneration in which the interactions of tumor cells with cells of the host immune system contribute strongly to the final outcome. Here we report on a model where lethally UVB-irradiated cells cause accelerated ...
Lämmle Lena - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Regarding children's and adolescents' development of physical fitness (PF), information about whether there are different performance classes in PF would potentially be helpful. If such classes also differ in related health parameters, this might indicate 'at-risk' groups requiring different support measures. METHODS: Factor mixture modeling was used to investigate ...
Contino Nathan C - - 2012
Charge detection mass spectrometry (CDMS) measurements have been performed for cytochrome c and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) monomer using a modified cone trap incorporating a cryogenically cooled JFET. Cooling the JFET increases its transconductance and lowers thermal noise, improving the signal to noise (S/N) ratio. Single ions with as few as ...
Jiang Zheng - - 2012
An efficient and straightforward strategy for the synthesis of tetrasubstituted imidazoles from propargyl amines, sulfonyl azides, and terminal alkynes is described. N-Sulfonyl ketenimine and aminoallene are believed to be the key intermediates for this two-step one-pot transformation.
Petrelli Fausto - - 2012
Malignant ascites is quite rare in breast cancer and is mainly associated with a lobular histology. To date, no studies have evaluated locoregional therapy for malignant ascites in breast cancer. The anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), trifunctional antibody catumaxomab was approved in the European Union for the intraperitoneal (i.p.) treatment ...
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