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Results 401 - 450 of 2475
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Haugaa Håkon - - 2012
Ischemic vascular complications and rejections occur more frequently in pediatric than adult liver transplants. Using intrahepatic microdialysis catheters we measured lactate, pyruvate, glucose, and glycerol bedside for a median of 10 days in 20 pediatric liver grafts. Ischemia (n=6) defined as lactate >3.0 mM and lactate/pyruvate ratio > 20, was ...
Jenkins Noah C - - 2013
Familial melanoma is associated with point mutations in the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p16(INK4A) (p16). We recently reported that p16 regulates intracellular oxidative stress in a cell cycle-independent manner. Here we constructed 12 different familial melanoma-associated point mutants spanning the p16 coding region and analyzed their capacity to regulate cell ...
Sharifzadeh Mehdi - - 2012
Childhood ocular trauma is a preventable cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide. This prospective study was conducted to explore the profile of eye injuries in pediatric patients referring to a tertiary eye center in Tehran, Iran. Six hundred consecutive pediatric patients aged 17 or less who presented to emergency ...
Sonnewald Uwe - - 2012
As the world's second most abundant biopolymer, starch serves as food, feed and renewable resource for bioenergy production and other industrial applications. Unlike storage lipids, starch is stored in the form of semi-crystalline granules, which are tissue- and species-specific in number, shape and size. Over the last decades, most biosynthetic ...
Carrion Iraida V - - 2012
PURPOSE: Limited knowledge exists pertaining to advance care planning (ACP) among Colombian, Mexican, and Puerto Rican women with a cancer diagnosis living in Central Florida, in the USA. The purpose of the study is to identify factors that facilitated the completion of ACP and decisions making patterns among the three ...
Kapoor Radhika - - 2012
Oxidative stress is implicated in hyperglycemia-induced alterations in cell signaling pathways. We examined the toxicity of high glucose in primary rat hepatocytes and its amelioration by naringenin. Incubation of hepatocytes with 40 mM glucose for 1.5 h exhibited significant decrease in cell viability confirmed by MTT reduction and Alamar blue assay. At ...
Chai Xiangfei - - 2012
The aim of this study is to develop a novel semiautomatic bladder segmentation approach for selecting the appropriate plan from the library of plans for a multiple-plan adaptive radiotherapy (ART) procedure. A population-based statistical bladder model was first built from a training data set (95 bladder contours from 8 patients). ...
Barakat Fareed H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) examination in breast carcinoma is crucial to spare patients unnecessary lymph node (LN) dissection. The specificity and accuracy of SLN examination by frozen section has been variable in many studies. This study aims to describe our experience in frozen section (FS) analysis of SLN. METHODS: ...
Dignat G - - 2012
We have tested to what extent the growth ability of several organs of maize share a common genetic control. Leaf elongation rate reaches every night a maximum value (LER(max) ) that has a high heritability, is repeatable between experiments and is correlated with final leaf length. We first summarised QTLs ...
Mészáros Patrik - - 2012
The kinetics of defense responses was studied in soybean exposed to ecologically relevant concentrations of arsenic for 96 h. In the roots of two soybean cultivars with contrasting tolerance to this metalloid there were observed differences in basal levels of membrane lipid peroxidation as well as a significantly different course of ...
Yang Min - - 2012
Self-ordered TiO(2)/Nb(2)O(5) "superlattice" nanotube arrays are successfully fabricated by electrochemical anodization from a commercially available Ti-Nb metal multilayer. The oxide nanotube walls then consist of alternating ∼4 nm TiO(2) and ∼7 nm Nb(2)O(5) rings. Such "superlattice" nanotube layers exhibit a much higher structural cycling stability for reversible Li-intercalation processes than ...
Dordick Jonathan S - - 2012
Various approaches have been developed to exploit the functional properties of proteins and the structural properties of nanoscale materials. These range from biomolecule-nanomaterial hybrids and biocatalytically-generated self-assembled amphiphiles to protein-based structural templates. This commentary by Jonathan Dordick, discusses the article by Douglas Clark and colleagues, in which the authors report ...
Gömmel Maike - - 2012
Attachment of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae to intestinal epithelial cell lines and its possible mediation by outer membrane proteins (OMPs) of the spirochete were examined. Different B. hyodysenteriae serotypes were shown to adhere to rat and swine intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-18 and IPEC-J2) in vitro but not to the human rectal tumor ...
Mitoma Yoshiharu - - 2012
This study describes the decomposition of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil with dispersion mixtures of metallic calcium (Ca) and calcium oxide (CaO) at different temperatures. In these experiments, naturally moisturized and contaminated soil (1.0 g [31 ppm PCBs]), CaO (dried 2.0 wt%), and metallic Ca (0.01 g [0.25 mmol]) were introduced into a stainless steel ...
He Xiao-Jin - - 2013
PRDM9 is essential for the progression through early meiotic prophase, including double strand break repair, homologous chromosome pairing, and sex body formation during spermatogenesis. In order to evaluate the association of the PRDM9 gene variants with defective spermatogenesis in the Chinese Han population, we assessed two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ...
Taniguchi Yoshinori - - 2012
Enthesitis, defined as the inflammation of the origin and insertion of ligaments, tendons, aponeuroses, annulus fibrosis, and joint capsules, is a hallmark of spondyloarthritis (SpA). New imaging techniques including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonography, and positron emission tomography with computed tomography using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose capable of detecting morphological and metabolic abnormalities ...
Rummel Seth - - 2012
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. While >50 % of patients with inherited BRCA1 mutations have TNBC, the prevalence of BRCA1 mutations in patients with TNBC remains unclear. Deciphering the relationship between BRCA1 and TNBC is critical to understanding the etiology of TNBC, leading to ...
Tims Sebastian S Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University and TI Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, The - - 2013
The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota acts like a virtual organ and is suggested to be of great importance in human energy balance and weight control. This study included 40 monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs to investigate the influence of the human genotype on GI microbiota structure as well as microbial ...
Scalone Luciana - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the EQ-5D-5L version compared with the standard EQ-5D-3L in a clinical setting targeted at patients with chronic hepatic diseases (CHDs). METHODS: We introduced the 5L descriptive system into a cost-of-illness study involving patients with different CHDs. The patients completed a questionnaire including the two ...
Nabavi Seyed Fazel - - 2012
Methyl-3-O-methyl gallate (M3OMG) is a rare natural product that showed promising in vitro antioxidant activities. In this study, the protective role of synthetic M3OMG against sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced oxidative stress in rat brain was evaluated. Animals were treated with either M3OMG (10 and 20 mg/kg i.p.), vitamin C (10 mg/kg i.p.) as ...
Kuipers Albertus F - - 2012
A 61-year-old man was referred to our hospital for evaluation of sleep apnea. He snored loudly and had apnea during sleep. During the day, he was sleepy, and when lying down, he could quickly fall asleep. He had a score of 15 on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, which ranges from ...
Kolo Frank C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) of the cam or pincer type based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a group of adult female professional ballet dancers, and to quantify, in vivo, the range of motion (ROM) and congruence of the hip joint in the splits position. ...
Terawaki Hiroyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clarify the beneficial effect of allopurinol on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a cohort of hypertensive nephropathy patients with impaired kidney function. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-eight patients diagnosed with hypertensive nephropathy and presenting with impaired kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) were ...
Ye Hui H School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 777 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705-2222, - - 2013
Considerable effort has been devoted to characterizing the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system (STNS) with great emphasis on comprehensive analysis and mapping distribution of its diverse neuropeptide complement. Previously, immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been applied to this endeavor, yet with identification accuracy and throughput compromised. Therefore, molecular imaging methods are pursued to ...
Schumacher Soeren - - 2012
 : It is believed Lab-on-Chip systems will become a mainstream technology within the next centuries. Especially because of new findings in molecular medicine and global trends such as the changing global population in third world countries and an ageing population in industrial countries, the need for fast and reliable diagnostics ...
Laubscher Bernard - - 2012
In 2003, the Swiss guidelines to prevent vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) were adapted. As two oral doses (2 mg, hour/day 4) of mixed micellar VK preparation had failed to abolish late VKDB, a third dose (week 4) was introduced. This report summarizes the new guidelines acceptance by Swiss pediatricians and ...
Ehsani Amir H - - 2012
Pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD) is characterized by petechial and pigmented macules on the lower limbs. The aetiology of PPD remains obscure. Some reports have suggested an association between PPD and hepatitis B or C infection. This prospective case-control study was designed to investigate the association of positive hepatitis B or ...
Jaimes Natalia - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dermoscopy aids in clinical decision-making. However, time pressure is a common reason precluding its use. We evaluated the effect of time on lesion recognition and management decisions utilising clinical and dermoscopic images. METHOD: In all, 100 dermoscopic images were presented to 15 dermatologists with experience in dermoscopy and seven ...
Pavillon Nicolas - - 2012
We propose and compare multiple approaches to automatically process data measured through surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), in the context of intracellular molecule probing. It relies on locally detecting the most relevant spectra to retrieve all data independently through indexing, thus avoiding any pre-filtering which occurs with standard processing methods. We ...
Kraja Aldi T AT Division of Statistical Genomics, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Ave, Campus Box 8506, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. - - 2013
Sixteen nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy lipoprotein measurements of more than 1,000 subjects of GOLDN study, at fasting and at 3.5 and 6 h after a postprandial fat (PPL) challenge at visits 2 and 4, before and after a 3 weeks Fenofibrate (FF) treatment, were included in 6 time-independent multivariate ...
Marques Tiago A TA Centre for Research into Ecological and Environmental Modelling, University of St Andrews, The Observatory, Buchanan Gardens, Fife, KY16 9LZ, UK. - - 2013
Reliable estimation of the size or density of wild animal populations is very important for effective wildlife management, conservation and ecology. Currently, the most widely used methods for obtaining such estimates involve either sighting animals from transect lines or some form of capture-recapture on marked or uniquely identifiable individuals. However, ...
Kimura Taku - - 2012
We applied an American medical necessity scale, Level of Care Utilization System for Psychiatric and Addiction Services (LOCUS), to psychiatric practice in Japan. This is an exploratory analysis of empirical data of 272 patients. We examined the relationships between levels of care of LOCUS and clinical variables, contribution of care ...
Ng Yee Yung - - 2012
Abstract Background: Although thyroid diseases exist in patients with renal failure, thyroid function tests aren't routine test for incident and regular hemodialysis (HD) patients. Therefore, the impact of thyroid diseases on erythropoietin (EPO) dosage in HD patients is not well defined. This study was to evaluate the relationship between the ...
Binagwaho Agnes - - 2012
More than 390 000 children are newly infected with HIV each year, only 28 per cent of whom benefit from early infant diagnosis (EID). Rwanda's Ministry of Health identified several major challenges hindering EID scale-up in care of HIV-positive infants. It found poor counseling and follow-up by caregivers of HIV-exposed infants, ...
Holdsworth C H CH Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 N E Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
We demonstrate a patient-specific method of adaptive IMRT treatment for glioblastoma using a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA). The MOEA generates spatially optimized dose distributions using an iterative dialogue between the MOEA and a mathematical model of tumor cell proliferation, diffusion and response. Dose distributions optimized on a weekly basis using ...
Hayden Dana M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ileostomy creation has complications, including rehospitalization for fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. Although studies have identified predictors of this morbidity, readmission rates remain high. METHODS: The researchers conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with ileostomy creation at a tertiary institution from January 2008 to June 2011. RESULTS: One ...
Hochgräfe Katja K DZNE (German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases), Ludwig-Erhard-Allee 2, 53175 Bonn, - - 2013
Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) takes advantage of the light-emitting properties of luciferase enzymes, which produce light upon oxidizing a substrate (i.e., D-luciferin) in the presence of molecular oxygen and energy. Photons emitted from living tissues can be detected and quantified by a highly sensitive charge-coupled device camera, enabling the investigator to ...
Conceição Eva E CIPsi - Center for Research in Psychology, University of Minho, School of Psychology, Braga, Portugal. - - 2013
A significant number of post-bariatric surgery (BS) patients present with eating disorders (EDs) symptoms that require specialized treatment. These cases are thought to be underreported due to their frequent sub-syndromal presentation. This article describes ED syndromes that develop subsequent to BS. The clinical charts of 12 individuals who were hospitalized ...
Wang Wei - - 2012
IgA nephropathy is one of the most common glomerulonephritis throughout the world, which is thought to be the multifactorial complex diseases, with genetic and environmental factors contributing to this disease. The failure of replicating the single genes in previous association studies may be of that the gene-gene interaction might have ...
Green Robert T RT School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, - - 2013
We showed that two very different manganese transporters occur in various important genera of marine bacteria. The ABC transporter encoded by sitABCD of the model Roseobacter-clade bacterium Ruegeria pomeroyi DSS-3 is required for Mn(2+) import and was repressed by the Mur (Manganese uptake regulator) transcriptional regulator in Mn-replete media. Most ...
Wang D - - 2012
The objective of this work was to evaluate the dosimetry of tungsten eye shields for use with kilovoltage X-ray beam treatments. The eye shields, originally designed for megavoltage electron beams, were made of 2 mm tungsten thickness and inside diameters of 11.6 and 15.0 mm with optional aluminium caps of 0.5 and ...
van den Bosch Remco C E - - 2012
Most massive galaxies have supermassive black holes at their centres, and the masses of the black holes are believed to correlate with properties of the host-galaxy bulge component. Several explanations have been proposed for the existence of these locally established empirical relationships, including the non-causal, statistical process of galaxy-galaxy merging, ...
Favier Judith - - 2012
To the Editor: Zhuang et al. (Sept. 6 issue)(1) report HIF2A somatic mutations in two patients with paraganglioma. In a recent transcriptome analysis of a large number of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas, we identified 16 sporadic tumors with a transcription signature similar to that of VHL-mutated tumors.(2) There was somatic inactivation ...
Fu Jiang - - 2013
A signal first arising in the dermis to initiate the development of hair follicles has been described for many decades. Wnt is the earliest signal known to be intimately involved in hair follicle induction. However, it is not clear whether the inductive signal of Wnt arises intradermally or intraepidermally. Whether ...
Schaaf Wolfgang - - 2012
The objective of this paper is to present observations, results from monitoring measurements, and preliminary conclusions about the development of patterns and structures during the first 5 years of development of an artificial catchment starting from point zero. We discuss the high relevance of initial system traits and external events for ...
Richardson Andrew D - - 2012
Nonstructural carbohydrate reserves support tree metabolism and growth when current photosynthates are insufficient, offering resilience in times of stress. We monitored stemwood nonstructural carbohydrate (starch and sugars) concentrations of the dominant tree species at three sites in the northeastern United States. We estimated the mean age of the starch and ...
van Gils S A - - 2012
Neural field models with transmission delays may be cast as abstract delay differential equations (DDE). The theory of dual semigroups (also called sun-star calculus) provides a natural framework for the analysis of a broad class of delay equations, among which DDE. In particular, it may be used advantageously for the ...
Chesnoy-Marchais Dominique - - 2012
Hypoglossal motoneurons (HMs) are known to be under 'permanent' bicuculline-sensitive inhibition and to show 'transient' synaptic γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(A) and glycine inhibitory responses. The present paper describes a permanent bicuculline-sensitive current that should contribute to their tonic inhibition. This current was recorded in brainstem slices superfused without any exogenous agonist ...
Lai Xiaofang - - 2012
A C-type lectin-like protein was cloned and characterized from the Chinese shrimp Fenneropenaeus chinensis, and named as FcCTL. The results indicated that the full length cDNA of 859 bp had an open reading frame encoded a polypeptide of 220 amino acids with one carbohydrate-recognition domain, six conserved Cys and one key ...
Sym Sun Jin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of irinotecan (CPT-11) monotherapy and CPT-11 plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) combination (mFOLFIRI) as second-line treatment in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS: A total of 59 patients were randomly assigned to either CPT-11 (150 mg/m(2) iv on day 1) ...
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