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Results 251 - 300 of 2475
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González Cabrera Diego - - 2012
In an effort to address potential cardiotoxicity liabilities identified with earlier frontrunner compounds, a number of new 3,5-diaryl-2-aminopyridine derivatives were synthesized. Several compounds exhibited potent antiplasmodial activity against both the multidrug resistant (K1) and sensitive (NF54) strains in the low nanomolar range. Some compounds displayed a significant reduction in potency ...
Sood Manish M - - 2012
To the Editor: Olesen et al. (Aug. 16 issue)(1) report that in their study, warfarin treatment was associated with a decreased risk of thromboembolic events among patients requiring renal-replacement therapy. In contrast, three large registry studies concluded that in patients with atrial fibrillation who were undergoing hemodialysis, warfarin was associated ...
Dedzo Gustave Kenne - - 2012
A nanohybrid kaolinite material with anion exchange properties was obtained by the grafting of an ionic liquid in the interlayer spaces of kaolinite. It was used successfully for the amperometric detection of iodide in aqueous solution and tap water after a pre-concentration step, with a detection limit of 1.5 × ...
Whitaker Sean - - 2012
Violent conflict disrupts livelihoods, healthcare systems, and food security, with dire public health consequences. My intention in this article is to conceptualise violent conflict as a public health hazard and delineate the strategies public health professionals might adopt to minimise that hazard. There is continued support among commentators for the ...
Okita Keisuke - - 2012
The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provides the opportunity to use patient-specific somatic cells, which are a valuable source for disease modeling and drug discovery. To promote research involving these cells, it is important to make iPSCs from easily accessible and less invasive tissues, like blood. We have ...
Deguines C - - 2012
AIMS: Very Low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates require regular nursing procedures with frequent opening of the incubator resulting in a decrease in incubator air temperature. This study was designed to assess changes in the thermal status of VLBW neonates according to the type of nursing care and incubator openings. METHODS: Thirty-one VLBW ...
Dougherty Lea R - - 2012
Neuroendocrine dysfunction is hypothesized to be an early emerging vulnerability marker for depression. We tested whether the main and interactive effects of maternal psychopathology and early child temperamental vulnerability for depression assessed at age three predicted offspring's basal cortisol function at age 6 years. 228 (122 males) children participated in the ...
Liu Shangxi - - 2012
Integrins are heterodimers that mediate cell attachment to the extracellular matrix. Previously, we used fibroblast-specific knockout mice to show that the integrin β1 subunit was required in vivo for dermal fibrogenesis and cutaneous tissue repair. Here, we show that integrin β1 expression by fibroblasts is required for dermal homeostasis; at ...
Jin Xin - - 2012
The stress-induced photo-luminescence response of tetrapodal shaped ZnO filler embedded in a silicone elastomer is used to demonstrate a novel concept for self-reporting materials. Applied tensile stress can be followed in composites with low and high filler fractions by measuring the photoluminescence response of the T-ZnO. The deformation of the ...
Graham Melanie L - - 2012
Graham ML, Schuurman H-J. The usefulness and limitations of the diabetic macaque model in evaluating long-term porcine islet xenograft survival. Xenotransplantation. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Background:  Various groups have reported prolonged diabetes reversal and graft function after porcine islet transplantation into diabetic macaques using different experimental ...
Pasternak Zohar Z Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel. - - 2013
Predatory bacteria are taxonomically disparate, exhibit diverse predatory strategies and are widely distributed in varied environments. To date, their predatory phenotypes cannot be discerned in genome sequence data thereby limiting our understanding of bacterial predation, and of its impact in nature. Here, we define the 'predatome,' that is, sets of ...
Deblois Geneviève - - 2012
Oestrogen-related receptors (ERRs) are orphan nuclear receptors that were initially investigated in breast cancer because of their structural relationship to oestrogen receptors. Recent data have shown that the ERRs control vast gene networks that are involved in glycolysis, glutaminolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, nutrient sensing and biosynthesis pathways. In the context of ...
Sakoda Masahiko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Surgical radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with superior oncological outcome in comparison with percutaneous RFA. The present study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the relative perioperative safety and postoperative outcome of the laparoscopic or thoracoscopic approach versus the open approach to RFA for small HCC. METHODS: ...
Varga Adrienn G - - 2012
The mammalian olfactory cortex is commonly considered critical for odor information processing and perception. It is becoming increasingly apparent, however, that the olfactory cortex receives input from multiple sensory channels. Previous work from our group demonstrated the presence of auditory sensory convergence within one olfactory cortical structure, the olfactory tubercle ...
Bae Sohn Young - - 2012
Sotos syndrome is an overgrowth syndrome with characteristic facial dysmorphism, variable severity of learning disabilities and macrocephaly with overgrowth. Haploinsufficiency of the nuclear receptor SET domain-containing protein 1 (NSD1) gene located on 5q35 has been implicated as the cause of Sotos syndrome. This study was performed to investigate the mutation ...
Lamy Michael - - 2012
The aim of our work was to expand on the knowledge concerning mild Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI), by combining numerical modeling and animal experiments within a joint approach. A three-dimensional finite element model of the rat brain and braincase was developed, and experimental acceleration pulses were applied. Pulse data were ...
Park Seho - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of lack of either estrogen receptor (ER) or progesterone receptor (PR) on characteristics and outcomes among luminal A breast cancer subtype treated with endocrine with or without chemotherapeutic agents. METHODS: The luminal A subtype was categorized into three subgroups: ER+/PR+, ER+/PR-, ...
Nikken Peter - - 2012
Research has argued that adolescents are at risk for harmful effects of sexual media, but little is known about the role of parents and friends on adolescents' media use in regard of these effects. The present two-wave study investigated whether prior parental and friends' influences on adolescents' use of sexual ...
Lafleur Josiane P - - 2012
The suitable optical properties of thiol-ene polymers combined with the ease of modifying their surface for the attachment of recognition molecules make them ideal candidates in many biochip applications. This paper reports the rapid one-step photochemical surface patterning of biomolecules in microfluidic thiol-ene chips. This work focuses on thiol-ene substrates ...
Chang Jhi-Kai - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of tramadol 37.5 mg/acetaminophen 325 mg combination tablets (Ultracet®) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Sixty patients with active AS according to the Modified New York Criteria were enrolled. Active disease was defined by Bath ...
Huang Chun-Ta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To identify factors for differentiating roseola infantum from urinary tract infection (UTI) and to describe a cohort of infants diagnosed with roseola infantum and sterile pyuria. METHODS: We examined medical records of infants diagnosed with roseola infantum or UTI. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify factors associated with UTI. ...
D'Aléo Anthony - - 2012
A series of six boron difluoride complexes of 3-hydroxyflavone derivatives is described. These dyes were synthesized very simply and exhibited bright visible emission in solution (up to unity) as well as emission in the solid state. Complexation to boron difluoride was shown to impart donor-acceptor character to the excited state ...
Komatsu Fuminari - - 2012
Minimally invasive surgery to the posterolateral craniovertebral junction (CVJ) has not been sufficiently described. The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an endoscopic far-lateral approach to the posterolateral craniocervical junction and to better understand the related anatomy under distorted endoscopic view. Ten fresh cadavers were studied ...
Leroy Roos - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The present study explored the objective and subjective oral health care needs and the association between both among Belgian adults with disabilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A two-stage sampling methodology was used to select a sample of adults (22-65 years old) with disabilities, from various types of residential settings, day care ...
Yamaguchi Masaya - - 2012
Streptococcus pyogenes causes a broad spectrum of infectious diseases, including pharyngitis, skin infections, and invasive necrotizing fasciitis. The initial phase of infection involves colonization, followed by intimate contact with the host cells, thus promoting bacterial uptake by them. S. pyogenes recognizes fibronectin (Fn) through its own Fn-binding proteins to obtain ...
E Lima Mariana Toledo Biscaia Raposo Mourão - - 2012
Complex physical therapy is the main treatment for the secondary lymphedema after breast cancer. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used in order to stimulate lymphangiogenesis, encourage lymphatic motility, and reduce lymphostatic fibrosis. However, these factors could also favor the development of recurrence and metastasis. The objective of this ...
Gerberich Brandon G - - 2012
Patterned scaffold surfaces provide a platform for highly defined cellular interactions, and have recently taken precedence in tissue engineering. Despite advances in patterning techniques and improved tissue growth, no clinical studies have been conducted for implantation of patterned biomaterials. Four major clinical application fields where patterned materials hold great promise ...
Nguyen T T H - - 2012
This study evaluated effects of farming practice scenarios aiming to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and subsequent alternative land use on environmental impacts of a beef cattle production system using the life cycle assessment approach. The baseline scenario includes a standard cow-calf herd with finishing heifers based on grazing, and ...
Chen Walter - - 2012
Different geographical areas with unique social cultures or societies might influence immigrant health. This study examines whether health inequities and different social factors exist regarding the health of rural and urban married Asian immigrants. A survey was conducted on 419 rural and 582 urban married Asian immigrants in Taiwan in ...
Behrens Christopher B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Progressive fibrotic alterations of liver tissue represent a major complication in children with cystic fibrosis. Correct assessment of cystic-fibrosis-associated liver disease (CFLD) in clinical routine is a challenging issue. Sonographic elastography based on acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) is a new noninvasive approach for quantitatively assessing in vivo ...
Gioacchini Federico Maria - - 2012
The aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review of Merkel cell carcinomas (MCCs) originating exclusively in the ear, nose and throat (ENT) district. An appropriate string was run on PubMed to retrieve articles dealing with ENT presentations of MCC. A double cross-check was performed on citations ...
Wang Zhongchang - - 2012
Oxide heterointerfaces often trigger unusual electronic properties that are absent in respective bulks. Here, direct evidence is offered for spontaneously assembled local structural distortions in a single-phase bulk, which confine electrons to within an atomic layer with notable orbital reconstruction and coupling, close the forbidden band, induce a ferromagnetic ordering, ...
Lancaster Matthew E - - 2012
Two experiments investigated category inference when categories were composed of correlated or uncorrelated dimensions and the categories overlapped minimally or moderately. When the categories minimally overlapped, the dimensions were strongly correlated with the category label. Following a classification learning phase, subsequent transfer required the selection of either a category label ...
Greenblatt Danielle - - 2012
The authors report six further cases of a cutaneous lymphoid proliferation that share many of the features of a case series previously described as indolent CD8-positive lymphoid proliferation of the ear. Previous reports of this entity have described the slow growth of cutaneous papules and nodules, with a predilection for ...
Stuijt Clementine C M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Crushing solid oral dosage forms is an important risk factor for medication administration errors (MAEs) in patients with swallowing difficulties. Nursing home (NH) residents, especially those on psychogeriatric wards, have a high prevalence of such difficulties. CONTEXT: Six different psychogeriatric wards in two Dutch NH facilities, participating over a ...
Chai Shua J - - 2012
To the Editor: The study by Gler et al. (June 7 issue)(1) provides a needed reminder regarding the development pipeline for drugs for tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis.(2) Delamanid with bedaquiline is increasing the potential for improving current regimens for tuberculosis. In their editorial in the same issue, Chaisson and ...
De Francesco Maria Antonia - - 2012
The prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis collected during 2004-2011 were determined. A total of 9956 individuals was analyzed. Identification was performed by use of the mycoplasma IST-2 kit. Antimicrobial susceptibility against doxycycline, josamycin, ofloxacin, erythromycin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, and pristinamycin was also tested by ...
Tsai Meng-Tsan - - 2012
The heart chamber of an adult Drosophila is approximately 2 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, and the interwall separation of different heart portions during systole and diastole range from tens of micrometers to hundreds of micrometers. Furthermore, the heart chamber has a curved structure, which results in the larger ...
Yu Dandan - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly chemoresistant cancer with no effective systemic therapy. Despite of surgical or locoregional therapies, prognosis remains poor because of high tumor recurrence or progression, and currently, there are no well-established effective adjuvant therapies. Glypican-3 (GPC-3) is specifically overexpressed in hepatoma and perhaps is a valuable ...
Kim Hyungjin - - 2012
Isolated right ventricular hypoplasia, unassociated with severe pulmonary or tricuspid valvular malformation, is a rare congenital heart disease. Herein the authors report a case of a 6-year-old girl having isolated right ventricular hypoplasia treated with one and a half ventricular repair, and describe the cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging findings. ...
Taylor E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease (CD) is an under-diagnosed and often misunderstood disease, yet is one of the most common food intolerance disorders. The only treatment available to prevent the health impacts of CD is a lifelong, strict gluten-free diet (GFD). There are few studies that explore the experiences of diagnosis and ...
Priebe S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following the experience of war have been shown to be high. However, little is known about the course of the disorder in people who remained in the area of conflict and in refugees. Method We studied a representative sample of 522 adults ...
Joo Young-Chan - - 2012
PURPOSE: Chemical denervation is not recommended as part of the routine care of chronic non-cancer pain. Physicians face a dilemma when it comes to repeated interventions in cases of recurrent thoracolumbar facet joint pain after successful thermal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in medial branch neurotomy. This study was performed to compare ...
Gargani S - - 2013
In this study, we used an immunodeficient mouse model to explore, in vivo, the longitudinal adaptation of human islets to an obesogenic environment. Non-diabetic Rag2 (-/-) mice (n = 61) were transplanted with human islets (400 islet equivalents [IEQ]) from six pancreases: four non-diabetic and two with overt metabolic dysfunction (older, high ...
Lee Yonghyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Co-administration of a reduction inhibitor and a colon-specific prodrug of a glucocorticoid susceptible to colonic reductive metabolism is suggested as a strategy to circumvent the therapeutic loss of the glucocorticoid delivered to and acting locally at the large intestine. AIMS: We examined whether the strategy was feasible as a ...
Mallia Pierre - - 2012
Some time ago an article was published in this journal relating the difficulties of legislating for InVitro Fertilization in a Catholic country and the issues and side issues which had to be faced. Since then one has approached closer to having a law which regulates this technology. However several issues ...
Błaszczyk Lidia - - 2012
The present study includes the molecular characteristics of Trichoderma pleurotum and Trichoderma pleuroticola isolates collected from green moulded cereal straw substrates at 47 oyster mushroom farms in Poland. The screening of the 80 Trichoderma isolates was performed by morphological observation and by using the multiplex PCR assay. This approach enabled ...
Stadler David - - 2012
The ability of particles to flow with very low resistance is characteristic of superfluid and superconducting states, leading to their discovery in the past century. Although measuring the particle flow in liquid helium or superconducting materials is essential to identify superfluidity or superconductivity, no analogous measurement has been performed for ...
Hermos C R - - 2012
SUMMARY Community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) accounts for a growing proportion of hospital-onset infections, and colonization is a risk factor. This study aimed to determine changes in the prevalence of CA-MRSA colonization in paediatric intensive-care units (ICUs). A total of 495 paediatric patients colonized with MRSA from neonatal, medical, surgical, ...
Kreuzer M - - 2012
It is currently unclear whether exposure of the heart and vascular system, at lifetime accumulated dose levels relevant to the general public (<500 mGy), is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, data from the German WISMUT cohort of uranium miners were investigated for evidence of a relationship between ...
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